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Study sets matching "mountain building earth science"

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Study sets matching "mountain building earth science"

17 terms
Earth Science Mountain Building
Deformation
folding
fault
Sheer Stress
The change in the shape of rocks/Earth's crust due to stress.
the bending of rock layers due to stress
A break in a body of rock along which one block slides relati…
It is a stress that occurs when two tectonic plates move side…
Deformation
The change in the shape of rocks/Earth's crust due to stress.
folding
the bending of rock layers due to stress
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 11: Mountain Building
Deformation
Stress
Strain
Anticline
general term for the processes of folding, faulting, shearing…
the force per unit area acting on a solid
the change in shape or volume of a body of rock as a result o…
a fold in sedimentary strata resembling an arch
Deformation
general term for the processes of folding, faulting, shearing…
Stress
the force per unit area acting on a solid
20 terms
Earth Science (Mountain Building)
Plate
Deformation
Plate Tectonics
Fault
A section of the lithosphere that slowly moves over the asthe…
Caused by high temperatures and pressure for a long period of…
Theory that pieces of the earth's lithosphere are in constant…
A break or crack in the Earth's lithosphere along which the r…
Plate
A section of the lithosphere that slowly moves over the asthe…
Deformation
Caused by high temperatures and pressure for a long period of…
18 terms
Roswell Earth Science Chapter 11 Mountain Building
stress
strain
deformation
compressional stress
force per unit area acting on a solid
change in shape or volume of a body of rock due to stress
a change in the shape or size of a rock body
stress that "squeezes" rocks
stress
force per unit area acting on a solid
strain
change in shape or volume of a body of rock due to stress
60 terms
Earth Science Chapter 20 Mountain Building
Orogensis
Continental collision
Continental rifting
Craton
The process of mountain building
When two continental plates collide pushing the continental c…
Process that pulls a continent apart, usually in response to…
The ancient, stable core of a continent.
Orogensis
The process of mountain building
Continental collision
When two continental plates collide pushing the continental c…
24 terms
Unit 5 Earth Science B- Mountain Building
Brittle deformation
Ductile deformation
Elastic deformation
Isostasy
rocks break by fracturing; shallow crust
when stress exceeds a given value & causes permanent deformat…
region where the material will return to its original shape w…
The balancing of the downward force of the crust and the upwa…
Brittle deformation
rocks break by fracturing; shallow crust
Ductile deformation
when stress exceeds a given value & causes permanent deformat…
54 terms
Earth science: earthquakes and mountain building
Earthquake
Fault
Hypocenter
Epicenter
Vibration of earth produced by the rapid release of energy
A break in a rock mass along which movement has occurred
The zone within earth where rock displacement produces an ear…
The location on Earth's surface that lies directly above the…
Earthquake
Vibration of earth produced by the rapid release of energy
Fault
A break in a rock mass along which movement has occurred
13 terms
Earth Science Chapter 11: Mountain Building
What is a continental margin?
A reverse fault occurs when the hangin…
Stress on rock layers that involves fo…
When continental crust and oceanic cru…
a boundary between continental crust and oceanic crust
up with respect to the footwall.
shear stress
on the continent
What is a continental margin?
a boundary between continental crust and oceanic crust
A reverse fault occurs when the hangin…
up with respect to the footwall.
18 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 11- Mountain Building Vocabulary
deformation
stress
strain
isostasy
A change in the volume or shape of Earth's crust
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume.
Any change in the shape or volume of a rock that results from…
The balancing of the downward force of the crust and the upwa…
deformation
A change in the volume or shape of Earth's crust
stress
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume.
29 terms
PH Earth Science Chapter 11: Mountain Building
horst
graben
deformation
tensional stress
a ridge of the earth's crust that has been forced upward betw…
down-dropped block bounded by normal faults
the bending, tilting, and breaking of the earth's crust; the…
when stress tends to elongate or pull apart a rock unit; wher…
horst
a ridge of the earth's crust that has been forced upward betw…
graben
down-dropped block bounded by normal faults
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 11 Mountain Building
deformation
stress
strain
isostasy
general term for the processes of folding, faulting, shearing…
the force per unit area acting on a solid
the change in shape or volume of a body of rock as a result o…
the concept that Earth's crust is floating in gravitational b…
deformation
general term for the processes of folding, faulting, shearing…
stress
the force per unit area acting on a solid
9 terms
Chapter 20 Earth Science - Mountain Building
topography
isostasy
roots
isostatic rebound
the variation in elevations of the crust
earth's continental and oceanic crust is a condition called _…
thickened areas of continental material
a result of removal of overlaying material
topography
the variation in elevations of the crust
isostasy
earth's continental and oceanic crust is a condition called _…
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 11: Mountain Building
Deformation
Stress
Strain
Anticline
general term for the processes of folding, faulting, shearing…
the force per unit area acting on a solid
the change in shape or volume of a body of rock as a result o…
a fold in sedimentary strata resembling an arch
Deformation
general term for the processes of folding, faulting, shearing…
Stress
the force per unit area acting on a solid
28 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10: DEFORMATION AND MOUNTAIN BUILDING
What is deformation?
What 4 factors influence the strength…
What are the three types of differenti…
What is strain and how is it different…
General term that refers to all changes in the original form…
1. Temperature... 2. Confining pressure... 3. Rock type... 4. Time
1. Compressional Stress (squeezing that results in shortening…
"Strain" is the irreversible change in the shape and size of…
What is deformation?
General term that refers to all changes in the original form…
What 4 factors influence the strength…
1. Temperature... 2. Confining pressure... 3. Rock type... 4. Time
24 terms
Deformation and Mountain Building - Vocabulary - Earth Science H
axis
fault scarp
fault trace
axial plane
line parallel to the way the rock formed
heighth of visible rock above ground
length of visible rock above ground
the line that divides a fold as symmetrically as possible
axis
line parallel to the way the rock formed
fault scarp
heighth of visible rock above ground
18 terms
Earth Science Chapter 11 - Mountain Building Vocabulary
deformation
stress
strain
isostasy
is a general term that refers to all changes in the original…
is the force per unit acting on a solid
is the change in shape or volume of a body of rock as a resul…
is the concept that Earth's crust is floating in gravitationa…
deformation
is a general term that refers to all changes in the original…
stress
is the force per unit acting on a solid
15 terms
Earth Science Faults and Folds and Orogeny (Mountain Building)
deformation
stress
folding and faulting
footwall
change in shape of an object due to stress
force per area
caused by stress on rocks
block of rock that is under the fault
deformation
change in shape of an object due to stress
stress
force per area
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 11; Mountain Buildings
Deformation
Stress
Strain
Isostasy
Is any change in the original shape and/or size of a rock body
Is the force per unit area acting on a solid
Is the change in shape or volume of a body of rock as a resul…
Is the concept of a floating crust in gravitational balance
Deformation
Is any change in the original shape and/or size of a rock body
Stress
Is the force per unit area acting on a solid
18 terms
Earth Science Chapter 11 Mountain Building
deformation
stress
strain
isostasy
general term for the processes of folding, faulting, shearing…
the force per unit area acting on a solid
the change in shape or volume of a body of rock as a result o…
the concept that Earth's crust is floating in gravitational b…
deformation
general term for the processes of folding, faulting, shearing…
stress
the force per unit area acting on a solid
Earth Science Chapter 11 Mountain Building
deformation
stress
strain
isostasy
general term for the processes of folding, faulting, shearing…
the force per unit area acting on a solid
the change in shape or volume of a body of rock as a result o…
the concept that Earth's crust is floating in gravitational b…
deformation
general term for the processes of folding, faulting, shearing…
stress
the force per unit area acting on a solid
20 terms
Chapter 11 Earth Science Vocab - Mountain Building
Deformation
Stress
Strain
Isostasy
Any change in the original shape of and/or size of a rock body.
The force per unit area acting on a solid.
The change in shape or volume of a body of rock as a result o…
The concept of a floating crust in gravitational balance.
Deformation
Any change in the original shape of and/or size of a rock body.
Stress
The force per unit area acting on a solid.
10 terms
Earth Science Module 8 Mountain Building Boundaries
Transform boundaries _________________…
The divider where the continental crus…
The Himalayan Mountains formed _______…
A continental arc ___________________.
cause the plates to slide past each other
the continental margin
when India crashed into Eurasia
is formed at active continental margins
Transform boundaries _________________…
cause the plates to slide past each other
The divider where the continental crus…
the continental margin
16 terms
Earth's layers and mountain building
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the outer rigid part of the earth consisting of the crust and…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
The layer of the earth between the crust and the core. It is…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the outer rigid part of the earth consisting of the crust and…
10 terms
Earth Science Module 8 Mountain Building- Types of Mountains and Features
A syncline is seen ___________________…
Which fault is important in mountain b…
The 3 types of faults that can occur a…
Fault-block mountains ________________…
when rock layers are folded in a U shape
reverse or thrust fault
Strike-Slip... Reverse... Thrust
are where large blocks of sedimentary rock layers are uplifte…
A syncline is seen ___________________…
when rock layers are folded in a U shape
Which fault is important in mountain b…
reverse or thrust fault
57 terms
Earth Science Ch 10 Crustal Deformation and Mountain Building
deformation
rock/geologic structures
folds
faults
general term that refers to all changes in the original form…
basic features that form as a result of the forces generated…
wave-like undulations... convergent plate boundaries... flat lying…
fractures along which one slides past one another... breaks in r…
deformation
general term that refers to all changes in the original form…
rock/geologic structures
basic features that form as a result of the forces generated…
8 terms
Earth Science Chapter 11: CRUSTAL DEFORMATION AND MOUNTAIN BUILDING
What is oogenesis and what are orogeni…
What are the ways rocks deform? What a…
Types of deformation and characteristics
Stress and types of stress. What are t…
-Oogenesis: the process of mountain building... -Orogenic belts:…
-Orogenesis applies force to rocks deformation... ---Bending, b…
-Deformation type depends on the temperature and pressure con…
-Stress: the force applied across a unit area... ---Large force…
What is oogenesis and what are orogeni…
-Oogenesis: the process of mountain building... -Orogenic belts:…
What are the ways rocks deform? What a…
-Orogenesis applies force to rocks deformation... ---Bending, b…
42 terms
Earth Science Ch. 10: Crustal Deformation and Mountain Building
deformation
most crustal deformation occurs
factors that influence rock strength
when stress is applied to rocks
all changes in the original form and/or size of a rock body
along plate margins
1. temperature and confining pressure that the rock is experi…
deformation may occur
deformation
all changes in the original form and/or size of a rock body
most crustal deformation occurs
along plate margins
Adv. Earth Science Geology Unit: Volcanoes & Mountain Building
Volcano
Magma
Lava
Pyroclastics
Mountain or hill having a crater or vent through which lava,…
Hot fluid/semifluid material below the earth's crust
Hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissur…
Very hot gas or rocks carried through the air by a volcanic e…
Volcano
Mountain or hill having a crater or vent through which lava,…
Magma
Hot fluid/semifluid material below the earth's crust
35 terms
Foundations of Earth Science Ch. 6 Earthquakes, geologic strustures and mountain building.
Earthquake
Hypocenter
Epicenter
Seismic waves
The sudden movement of one block of rock slipping past anothe…
Where the actual slip occurs underground.
Earth's surface directly above the hypocenter
energy released by an earthquake moving away from the hypocen…
Earthquake
The sudden movement of one block of rock slipping past anothe…
Hypocenter
Where the actual slip occurs underground.
37 terms
Science: Mountain Building
Faulted Mountains
Folded Mountains
Volcanic Mountains
Plateau Mountains
Faults in crust force rocks upward & downward... Franklin Mount…
Tectonic plates collide at Convergent boundaries... Rocky Mount…
Magma ERUPTING from interior... Swiss Alps
Weathering and erosion ... Catskills Mountains
Faulted Mountains
Faults in crust force rocks upward & downward... Franklin Mount…
Folded Mountains
Tectonic plates collide at Convergent boundaries... Rocky Mount…
29 terms
Earth Science Test 7 - Ch. 11 (Mountain Building)
Deformation
Stress
Dip
Graben
Any change in the original shape and/or size of an object
A physical force acting on an object
The angle that a fold or fault line makes versus the horizontal
A long flat valley between mountains formed when fault lines…
Deformation
Any change in the original shape and/or size of an object
Stress
A physical force acting on an object
35 terms
Foundations of Earth Science Ch. 6 Earthquakes, geologic strustures and mountain building.
Earthquake
Hypocenter
Epicenter
Seismic waves
The sudden movement of one block of rock slipping past anothe…
Where the actual slip occurs underground.
Earth's surface directly above the hypocenter
energy released by an earthquake moving away from the hypocen…
Earthquake
The sudden movement of one block of rock slipping past anothe…
Hypocenter
Where the actual slip occurs underground.
50 terms
FSU Earth Science - Chapter 11, Crustal Deformation & Mountain Building
orogen
orogeny
uplift
deformation
mountain belt, linear chain or range of mountains
process of forming a mountain belt, response to convergent bo…
raises the surface of the crust
rocks bend, break, or flow in response to stress (compression…
orogen
mountain belt, linear chain or range of mountains
orogeny
process of forming a mountain belt, response to convergent bo…
35 terms
Foundations of Earth Science Ch. 6 Earthquakes, geologic strustures and mountain building.
Earthquake
Hypocenter
Epicenter
Seismic waves
The sudden movement of one block of rock slipping past anothe…
Where the actual slip occurs underground.
Earth's surface directly above the hypocenter
energy released by an earthquake moving away from the hypocen…
Earthquake
The sudden movement of one block of rock slipping past anothe…
Hypocenter
Where the actual slip occurs underground.
12 terms
Science- Mountain Building + Volcanoes
Deformation
Folding
Fault
Shear Stress
the bending, tilting, and breaking of Earth's crust; the chan…
the bending of rock layers due to stress
a break in a body of rock along which one block moves relativ…
stress that occurs when forces act in parallel but opposite d…
Deformation
the bending, tilting, and breaking of Earth's crust; the chan…
Folding
the bending of rock layers due to stress
31 terms
Foundations of Earth Science Ch. 6 Earthquakes, geologic strustures and mountain building.
Earthquake
Hypocenter
Epicenter
Seismic waves
The sudden movement of one block of rock slipping past anothe…
Where the actual slip occurs underground.
Earth's surface directly above the hypocenter
energy released by an earthquake moving away from the hypocen…
Earthquake
The sudden movement of one block of rock slipping past anothe…
Hypocenter
Where the actual slip occurs underground.
37 terms
Science : Earthquakes and Mountain Building
Stress
How is strain built up
Elastic Deformation
Plastic Deformation
total force acting on crustal rocks within a unit of area
by stress which causes deformation
compresses, bends, or stretches the rock
causes the rock to break
Stress
total force acting on crustal rocks within a unit of area
How is strain built up
by stress which causes deformation
20 terms
Earth Science 1110 Test 2- CRUSTAL DEFORMATION AND MOUNTAIN BUILDING
Orogenesis
Buildup
turn down
folds
process of mountain building
deformation-Faulting-eroding
glaciation-erosion-sedimentation
layers that are bent
Orogenesis
process of mountain building
Buildup
deformation-Faulting-eroding
20 terms
SCIENCE (MOUNTAIN BUILDING)
deformation
tension
folding
compression
bending, tilting, and breaking of earth's crust; the change i…
stress that occurs when forces act to stretch an object.
bending of rock layers due to stress
stress that occurs when forces act to squeeze and object.
deformation
bending, tilting, and breaking of earth's crust; the change i…
tension
stress that occurs when forces act to stretch an object.
45 terms
Planet Earth: Chapter 11: Deformation and Mountain Building
mountain belt (orogen)
mountain building (orogeny)
brittle deformation
strain
mountains that occur as a part of a linear chain or range
the process of forming a mountain belt, not only raises the s…
the plate breaks and smashes into pieces
a measure of the change in shape that deformation causes as s…
mountain belt (orogen)
mountains that occur as a part of a linear chain or range
mountain building (orogeny)
the process of forming a mountain belt, not only raises the s…
13 terms
Environmental Science: Mountain Building
Orogeny
Island Arc
Hot Spot
Folds
The process of natural mountain building.
A chain of volcanoes, caused by convergent boundaries; parall…
An area of volcanic activity where magma rises.
Occurs when a stack of flat surfaces become bent or folded by…
Orogeny
The process of natural mountain building.
Island Arc
A chain of volcanoes, caused by convergent boundaries; parall…
20 terms
SCIENCE MOUNTAIN BUILDING
Plate
Deformation
Plate Tectonics
Fault
A section of lithosphere that slowly moves over the asthenosp…
Caused by high temperatures and pressure for long periods of…
Theory that prices of Earth's lithosphere are in constant mot…
A break or crack in Earth's lithosphere along which the rocks…
Plate
A section of lithosphere that slowly moves over the asthenosp…
Deformation
Caused by high temperatures and pressure for long periods of…
27 terms
Science(volcano and mountain building)
Which plate boundaries do not produce…
What volcanic feature is produced by o…
Convergent oceanic -oceanic
Divergent continental - continental
Convergent continental - continental
Fissure eruptions
Island arcs
Fissure eruptions
Which plate boundaries do not produce…
Convergent continental - continental
What volcanic feature is produced by o…
Fissure eruptions
20 terms
earth science: mountains
mountain
mountain formation
4 types of mountains
fault block
land form that is more than 1000 ft above its surroundings... 2…
created by tectonic plate movement and pressure
fault block... folded... domed... volcanic
crustal plate fractures are lifted... TETON MOUNTAINS
mountain
land form that is more than 1000 ft above its surroundings... 2…
mountain formation
created by tectonic plate movement and pressure
10 terms
science- mountain building/Volcano types
folded mountains
fault block
dome mountains
volcano
When rock layers are squeezed together and pushed upward.
When cracks in the crust force some parts of rock up and othe…
When molten magma in the crust pushes its way towards the sur…
erupting vent through which magma reaches the earth's surface
folded mountains
When rock layers are squeezed together and pushed upward.
fault block
When cracks in the crust force some parts of rock up and othe…
10 terms
Science Chapter 11 (Mountain Building)
Temp, confining pressure, rock type, a…
Deformation
Along plate margins
Stress
What are some factors that influence the strength of rock and…
General term that refers to all changes in the original shape…
Where do must crustal deformation occur?
Force per unit area acting on a solid
Temp, confining pressure, rock type, a…
What are some factors that influence the strength of rock and…
Deformation
General term that refers to all changes in the original shape…
10 terms
Science 7 ja Mountain Building
deformation
shear stress
tension
compression
Any alteration of shape or dimensions of rocks caused by stre…
Parallel forces created by sliding in opposite directions
Stress that pulls or stretches rocks.
A force that pushes on or squeezes rocks together
deformation
Any alteration of shape or dimensions of rocks caused by stre…
shear stress
Parallel forces created by sliding in opposite directions
80 terms
chris bullington earth quakes and mountain building test
Above sea level:
Below sea level:
mt. whitney
death valley
above sea level: o to 1 km
-4 to -5 km average elevation
14505 asl
282 bsl
Above sea level:
above sea level: o to 1 km
Below sea level:
-4 to -5 km average elevation
38 terms
MR Earth Science Mountains and Volcanoes
Deformation
Stress
Tensional stress
Compressional Stress
Any change to the original size and/or shape of a rock
Amount of force put in a specific area
stress relating to the pulling apart of an object
type of stress were rocks are squeezed or shortened
Deformation
Any change to the original size and/or shape of a rock
Stress
Amount of force put in a specific area
58 terms
Mountains Earth Science 9
Oceanic Crust
Continental Crust
The balance of the weight of the rock…
Determines the topography of a region
Fairly thin and dense ... Sinks on the mantle ... Forming basins wh…
Light, less dense rocks that floats and rises higher on the m…
Isostasy
Isostasy
Oceanic Crust
Fairly thin and dense ... Sinks on the mantle ... Forming basins wh…
Continental Crust
Light, less dense rocks that floats and rises higher on the m…
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