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Study sets matching "mountains earth science"

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Study sets matching "mountains earth science"

20 terms
earth science: mountains
mountain
mountain formation
4 types of mountains
fault block
land form that is more than 1000 ft above its surroundings... 2…
created by tectonic plate movement and pressure
fault block... folded... domed... volcanic
crustal plate fractures are lifted... TETON MOUNTAINS
mountain
land form that is more than 1000 ft above its surroundings... 2…
mountain formation
created by tectonic plate movement and pressure
38 terms
MR Earth Science Mountains and Volcanoes
Deformation
Stress
Tensional stress
Compressional Stress
Any change to the original size and/or shape of a rock
Amount of force put in a specific area
stress relating to the pulling apart of an object
type of stress were rocks are squeezed or shortened
Deformation
Any change to the original size and/or shape of a rock
Stress
Amount of force put in a specific area
58 terms
Mountains Earth Science 9
Oceanic Crust
Continental Crust
The balance of the weight of the rock…
Determines the topography of a region
Fairly thin and dense ... Sinks on the mantle ... Forming basins wh…
Light, less dense rocks that floats and rises higher on the m…
Isostasy
Isostasy
Oceanic Crust
Fairly thin and dense ... Sinks on the mantle ... Forming basins wh…
Continental Crust
Light, less dense rocks that floats and rises higher on the m…
24 terms
Earth Science HS Mountains
Deformation
Temperature pressure, rock type, time
Folds
Anticline
Refers to all changes in the original form and/or size of a r…
Factors that influence the strength of a rock
Rocks bent into a series of waves; most folds result from com…
Unfolded, or arched, rock layers; can be symmetrical, asymmet…
Deformation
Refers to all changes in the original form and/or size of a r…
Temperature pressure, rock type, time
Factors that influence the strength of a rock
5 terms
Mountains / Earth Science
Why do geologists think the Himalaya M…
Compare and contrast mountains and hil…
Compare and contrast elevation and act…
How do geologists explain the presence…
The Indian plate is forcing way into the Eurasian plate causi…
They both have a summit but mountains have a defined peak. Mo…
Elevation is the distance from the peak of the mountain to se…
The plates are pushing together creating mountains.
Why do geologists think the Himalaya M…
The Indian plate is forcing way into the Eurasian plate causi…
Compare and contrast mountains and hil…
They both have a summit but mountains have a defined peak. Mo…
79 terms
Earth Science: Mountains
What once covered the area that is now…
Mount Everest is made up of rocks that…
How can rocks from the sea floor be on…
What happens when an oceanic plate sin…
shallow sea
contain remains of ocean animals, formed far away at spreadin…
plate tectonics
some sea-floor material scrapes off sinking plate onto contin…
What once covered the area that is now…
shallow sea
Mount Everest is made up of rocks that…
contain remains of ocean animals, formed far away at spreadin…
8 terms
Earth Science: Types of Mountains
Aleutians, Indonesia, Lesser Antilles
Andes, Cascades
Himalayas, Alps, Zagross, Appalachians…
Accreted terrain: Western USA and W. C…
Compressional Boundaries (Subduction) ... Ocean- Ocean ... Island a…
Compressional Boundaries (Subduction)... Ocean- Continent
Compressional Boundaries (Subduction)... Continent- Continent
Compressional Boundaries (Subduction)... Continent- Microcontinent
Aleutians, Indonesia, Lesser Antilles
Compressional Boundaries (Subduction) ... Ocean- Ocean ... Island a…
Andes, Cascades
Compressional Boundaries (Subduction)... Ocean- Continent
earth science mountains
Sir.Edmund Hillary
new zealand
bee keeper
1953
who was the first man to climb mount everest
where was he from
what did he do for a living
when did he climb mount everest
Sir.Edmund Hillary
who was the first man to climb mount everest
new zealand
where was he from
Mountains - Earth Science
Mountain
Mountain formation
4 mountain types
Folds & faults
Land form that rises more than 1000ft above it's surroundings
-continent to continent collisions... -techtonic pressure and pl…
1. Fault block mountain : created when crystal plates are upl…
Fold: bending of bedrock without breaking ... Fault: actual brea…
Mountain
Land form that rises more than 1000ft above it's surroundings
Mountain formation
-continent to continent collisions... -techtonic pressure and pl…
11 terms
Earth Science: Mountains
Reverse faults, anticlines, synclines
down
youngest
joint
Lateral compression of rocks is responsible for forming
When two oceanic plates converge which one subducts beneath t…
In a syncline the rocks fold in such a way that when the sync…
A fracture along which there has been no movement is referred…
Reverse faults, anticlines, synclines
Lateral compression of rocks is responsible for forming
down
When two oceanic plates converge which one subducts beneath t…
17 terms
Earth Science Mountain Building
Deformation
folding
fault
Sheer Stress
The change in the shape of rocks/Earth's crust due to stress.
the bending of rock layers due to stress
A break in a body of rock along which one block slides relati…
It is a stress that occurs when two tectonic plates move side…
Deformation
The change in the shape of rocks/Earth's crust due to stress.
folding
the bending of rock layers due to stress
21 terms
Earth Science Mountains
Orogenesis
How are Mountains Classified
What are the major types of mountains
Ephemeral Streams
Process that produces mountains
By the Process that formed them
Folded, Fault Block, Volcanic
Streams that run only after it rains
Orogenesis
Process that produces mountains
How are Mountains Classified
By the Process that formed them
16 terms
Earth Science Volcanoes and Mountains
Composition, temperature, gases
Viscosity
more
drops
The primary factors that determine the nature of volcanic eru…
Composition, temperature and gases effect the magma's _______…
Higher temperature -- lava is more fluid -- _______________ v…
As the temperature _______________-- lave is more viscous
Composition, temperature, gases
The primary factors that determine the nature of volcanic eru…
Viscosity
Composition, temperature and gases effect the magma's _______…
201 terms
Earth Science: Mountains and Volcanoes
What is Earth made up of
How does some of the heat inside Earth…
volcano
What can also be called a volcano
thin outer layer is cool rock, most of Earth is extremely hot…
through volcanoes
opening in Earth's crust through which molten rock, rock frag…
mountain built up from erupted material
What is Earth made up of
thin outer layer is cool rock, most of Earth is extremely hot…
How does some of the heat inside Earth…
through volcanoes
79 terms
Earth Science: Mountains and Volcanoes
What once covered the area that is now…
Mount Everest is made up of rocks that…
How can rocks from the sea floor be on…
What happens when an oceanic plate sin…
shallow sea
contain remains of ocean animals, formed far away at spreadin…
plate tectonics
some sea-floor material scrapes off sinking plate onto contin…
What once covered the area that is now…
shallow sea
Mount Everest is made up of rocks that…
contain remains of ocean animals, formed far away at spreadin…
48 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13-Mountains
Mountain
What is the largest mountain system
The mountain with the highest elevatio…
The largest mountain on earth
A natural elevation of the earth's surface rising more or les…
Mid-Atlantic range highest in the world
Mt Everest at >29,028 ft
Mauna kea at 33,000 ft
Mountain
A natural elevation of the earth's surface rising more or les…
What is the largest mountain system
Mid-Atlantic range highest in the world
42 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7: Mountains and Hills
Mt. Everest
isostasy
elevation
Mt. McKinley
The highest Mountain in the world; grows taller year by year
The balance of the weights of the rocky materials, water, and…
Height of a land form, such as a mountain, above sea level.
Highest elevation in North America
Mt. Everest
The highest Mountain in the world; grows taller year by year
isostasy
The balance of the weights of the rocky materials, water, and…
39 terms
Earth Science Final Volcanoes, Earthquakes, Mountains
What type of igneous pluton is tabular…
What two things does the appearance of…
When magma reaches Earth's surface it…
When does magma form?
a sill
type of material and eruption
lava
when temperatures are hot enough to melt rock
What type of igneous pluton is tabular…
a sill
What two things does the appearance of…
type of material and eruption
35 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7: Mountains and Hills
Mt. Everest
isostasy
elevation
Mt. McKinley
The highest Mountain in the world; grows taller year by year
The balance of the weights of the rocky materials, water, and…
Height of a land form, such as a mountain, above sea level.
Highest elevation in North America
Mt. Everest
The highest Mountain in the world; grows taller year by year
isostasy
The balance of the weights of the rocky materials, water, and…
35 terms
Earth Science Test 3 Mountains
stress
nature of rock... temperature... pressure... time
bend
bend
force exerted against an object; tension between plates
Factors that affect response
the higher the temperature, the more likely a rock is to (bre…
if pressure is more elliptical, it is more likely to (bend or…
stress
force exerted against an object; tension between plates
nature of rock... temperature... pressure... time
Factors that affect response
40 terms
Mr. Baird Earth Science - Mountains
highest mountain in Oregon
Mt. Hood's elevation in feet
Mt. Hood's elevation in meters
highest mountain in Wallowa County
Mt. Hood
11,239 ft
3,426 m
Sacajawea
highest mountain in Oregon
Mt. Hood
Mt. Hood's elevation in feet
11,239 ft
20 terms
Earth Science (Mountain Building)
Plate
Deformation
Plate Tectonics
Fault
A section of the lithosphere that slowly moves over the asthe…
Caused by high temperatures and pressure for a long period of…
Theory that pieces of the earth's lithosphere are in constant…
A break or crack in the Earth's lithosphere along which the r…
Plate
A section of the lithosphere that slowly moves over the asthe…
Deformation
Caused by high temperatures and pressure for a long period of…
Earth Science Chapter 11 Review-Mountains
deformation
stress
strain
anticline
the process of changing the shape or distorting something, th…
Stress is defined as force per unit area. It has the same uni…
The amount an object's shape changes after experiencing stress.
an upward fold in rock formed by compression of Earth's crust
deformation
the process of changing the shape or distorting something, th…
stress
Stress is defined as force per unit area. It has the same uni…
14 terms
Science Deforming of the earths crust & mountains
folding
fault
normal fault
Strike-slip fault
the bending of rock layers due to stress, is an example of de…
a break in a body of rock along which one block slides relati…
when rocks are pulled apart because of tension, the hanging w…
when rocks are moved horizontally by opposing forces and hang…
folding
the bending of rock layers due to stress, is an example of de…
fault
a break in a body of rock along which one block slides relati…
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 11: Mountain Building
Deformation
Stress
Strain
Anticline
general term for the processes of folding, faulting, shearing…
the force per unit area acting on a solid
the change in shape or volume of a body of rock as a result o…
a fold in sedimentary strata resembling an arch
Deformation
general term for the processes of folding, faulting, shearing…
Stress
the force per unit area acting on a solid
9 terms
Earth Science Mountain Test
strike-slip fault
tension
mountain range
thrust fault
a type of fault that shows horizontal movement (slides sidewa…
type of stress in which rock is pulled apart
a group of adjacent mountains
a special type of reverse fault in which the fault plane is m…
strike-slip fault
a type of fault that shows horizontal movement (slides sidewa…
tension
type of stress in which rock is pulled apart
35 terms
BJU Earth Science Chapter 7 - Mountains
Topography
Isostasy
Orogeny
Mountain
a variety of elevations arranged in different ways on the con…
term used to describe the balance of the weights of rock, wat…
tectonic processes believed to have formed mountains
a natural elevation of the earth's surface rising to a summit
Topography
a variety of elevations arranged in different ways on the con…
Isostasy
term used to describe the balance of the weights of rock, wat…
30 terms
BJU Earth Science Chapter 7 - Mountains
Topography
Isostasy
Orogeny
Mountain
a variety of elevations arranged in different ways on the con…
term used to describe the balance of the weights of rock, wat…
tectonic processes believed to have formed mountains
a natural elevation of the earth's surface rising to a summit
Topography
a variety of elevations arranged in different ways on the con…
Isostasy
term used to describe the balance of the weights of rock, wat…
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7 Mountains and Hills
topogrpahy
contour line
elevation
isostasy
the variation of land surface elevations caused by different…
any line on a map that represents points of equal elevation o…
the height of a point on the earth's surface above seal level…
the balance between the downward weights of rock, water, ice…
topogrpahy
the variation of land surface elevations caused by different…
contour line
any line on a map that represents points of equal elevation o…
52 terms
Science quiz planet earth mountains
What is the most powerful the erosive…
Where is the giant Baltoro glacier found
How large is the giant Baltoro glacier
The mountains including ______________…
Glaciers or glasses
Pakistan
3 miles
G2
What is the most powerful the erosive…
Glaciers or glasses
Where is the giant Baltoro glacier found
Pakistan
14 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8: Mountains and Volcanoes
folded mountain
fault-block mountains
volcano
lava
a mountain that forms as continental crust crumples and bends…
mountains that form as blocks of rock move up or down along n…
an opening in Earth's crust through which molten rock, rock f…
magma that has reached Earth's surface
folded mountain
a mountain that forms as continental crust crumples and bends…
fault-block mountains
mountains that form as blocks of rock move up or down along n…
9 terms
Earth Science- Mountains (PPT2)
Folds and Reverse Faults
Normal Faults
Reverse Faults and Folds
Terrane
Typical Structures that form when the crust is under compress…
Typical Structures that form when the crust is under extension
_________ and _______ form at convergent boundaries
A chunk of crust that travelled far from its current location…
Folds and Reverse Faults
Typical Structures that form when the crust is under compress…
Normal Faults
Typical Structures that form when the crust is under extension
28 terms
Earth Science- Mountains (PPT1)
Stress
Strain
Compressional stress
Tensional stress
a force applied to an area
resulting deformation; changes in shape/ size of a rock body…
shortens a rock body
tends to elongate or pull apart a rock unit
Stress
a force applied to an area
Strain
resulting deformation; changes in shape/ size of a rock body…
30 terms
BJU Earth Science Chapter 7: Mountains and Hills
Topography
Isostasy
Orogeny
Mountain
a variety of elevations arranged in different ways on the con…
term used to describe the balance of the weights of rock, wat…
tectonic processes believed to have formed mountains
a natural elevation of the earth's surface rising to a summit
Topography
a variety of elevations arranged in different ways on the con…
Isostasy
term used to describe the balance of the weights of rock, wat…
60 terms
Earth Science Chapter 20 Mountain Building
Orogensis
Continental collision
Continental rifting
Craton
The process of mountain building
When two continental plates collide pushing the continental c…
Process that pulls a continent apart, usually in response to…
The ancient, stable core of a continent.
Orogensis
The process of mountain building
Continental collision
When two continental plates collide pushing the continental c…
54 terms
Earth science: earthquakes and mountain building
Earthquake
Fault
Hypocenter
Epicenter
Vibration of earth produced by the rapid release of energy
A break in a rock mass along which movement has occurred
The zone within earth where rock displacement produces an ear…
The location on Earth's surface that lies directly above the…
Earthquake
Vibration of earth produced by the rapid release of energy
Fault
A break in a rock mass along which movement has occurred
18 terms
Roswell Earth Science Chapter 11 Mountain Building
stress
strain
deformation
compressional stress
force per unit area acting on a solid
change in shape or volume of a body of rock due to stress
a change in the shape or size of a rock body
stress that "squeezes" rocks
stress
force per unit area acting on a solid
strain
change in shape or volume of a body of rock due to stress
24 terms
Unit 5 Earth Science B- Mountain Building
Brittle deformation
Ductile deformation
Elastic deformation
Isostasy
rocks break by fracturing; shallow crust
when stress exceeds a given value & causes permanent deformat…
region where the material will return to its original shape w…
The balancing of the downward force of the crust and the upwa…
Brittle deformation
rocks break by fracturing; shallow crust
Ductile deformation
when stress exceeds a given value & causes permanent deformat…
13 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7 - Mountains and Hills
mountain
Mount Everest
GPS
Himalayas
A natural or supernatural elevation of the Earth's surfac…
First mounted by Edmund Hillary, a New Zealand beekeeper.
Placed at the summit of a famous mountain to measure its *cha…
Mount Everest is found in the ___________, in Nepal, Asia.
mountain
A natural or supernatural elevation of the Earth's surfac…
Mount Everest
First mounted by Edmund Hillary, a New Zealand beekeeper.
14 terms
CP Earth Science (Semester 2) MOUNTAINS
Four Types of Mountains
Folded Mountains
How rocks fold
Deformation
- Volcanic mountains... - Folded mountains... - Dome mountains... - Fa…
Form when rocks fold and crumple from the collision of two pl…
Pressure pushing on rock that is not yet solidified... -or-... High…
Changes in the original shape and/or size of a rock body
Four Types of Mountains
- Volcanic mountains... - Folded mountains... - Dome mountains... - Fa…
Folded Mountains
Form when rocks fold and crumple from the collision of two pl…
10 terms
GenScience U2 Earth Science Ch12b Volcanoes/Mountains
volcano
vent
cinder cone
shield volcano
mountain that develops where magma pushes up through the eart…
round opening through which magma reaches the surface of the…
small volcano with steep sides and explosive eruptions; made…
low, broad volcano with a wide crater; formed from thin layer…
volcano
mountain that develops where magma pushes up through the eart…
vent
round opening through which magma reaches the surface of the…
12 terms
Science 11 - Earth quakes Volcanoes and Mountains
primary waves
Secondary waves
Surface waves
how to locate a earthquake
fastest out of all three types - passes through solids liquid…
travel more slowly than p waves - can only pass through solids
slowest out of all three types but do most damage
find the epicentre
primary waves
fastest out of all three types - passes through solids liquid…
Secondary waves
travel more slowly than p waves - can only pass through solids
45 terms
Mountain Avenue Science: Earth's Weather
atmosphere
weather
gases that make up the atmosphere:
meteorologist
the layers of gases that surround the earth
the condition of the atmosphere at a given time
nitrogen (78%), oxygen (21%), and inert gases (1%)
a scientist who studies the Earth's atmosphere and weather
atmosphere
the layers of gases that surround the earth
weather
the condition of the atmosphere at a given time
30 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7 - Volcanoes and Mountains
basaltic magma
granitic magma
caldera
aa
type of magma; low in silica, fluid, crystallize at high temp…
type of magma; high silica content, viscous, liquid at temper…
a large crater caused by the violent explosion of a volcano t…
basaltic lava that is chunky with more silica and gas
basaltic magma
type of magma; low in silica, fluid, crystallize at high temp…
granitic magma
type of magma; high silica content, viscous, liquid at temper…
22 terms
Earth Science, Chapter 16 - Mountains- Vocabulary
Active Continental Margin
Anticline
Dome
Fault-block Mountain
A boundary between 2 converging crustal plates where earthqua…
An uplifted fold in rock layers.
A nearly spherical shaped mountain formed by tectonic or plut…
Type of mountain formed by huge areas being uplifted and tilt…
Active Continental Margin
A boundary between 2 converging crustal plates where earthqua…
Anticline
An uplifted fold in rock layers.
20 terms
Mountains and Hills Earth Science Chapter 7
Topography
Isostasy
Erosional mountains are carved by what?
Pinnacles
A variety of elevations arranged in different ways
Used to describe the weights of rock, water , ice, and the up…
Extensive erosion of a plateaus
Tall erosional remnants of plateaus
Topography
A variety of elevations arranged in different ways
Isostasy
Used to describe the weights of rock, water , ice, and the up…
18 terms
Earth Science: Convergent Boundaries: Origin of Mountains
Young Mountain Belts
Old Mountain Belts
Shield
Platforms
Less than 100 million years old. All of earths tallest mounta…
More gentle topography and lower elevations (prolonged effect…
The oldest part of the continents composed of ancient crystal…
Shield areas covered by relatively horizontal deformed sedime…
Young Mountain Belts
Less than 100 million years old. All of earths tallest mounta…
Old Mountain Belts
More gentle topography and lower elevations (prolonged effect…
28 terms
Earth Science 11.2, Fold, Faults, and Mountains
Orogeny
Fold
Anticline
Syncline
The processes that collectively result in the formation of mo…
Wave like ripples formed in rocks caused by compressional str…
A fold in sedimentary strata resembling an arch
A linear downfold in sedimentary strata, would likely turn in…
Orogeny
The processes that collectively result in the formation of mo…
Fold
Wave like ripples formed in rocks caused by compressional str…
35 terms
Mountain Avenue Science: Earth's Water
aquifers
polluted
glacier
water cycle
underground layers of rock &/or soil that absorb water
dirty or contaminated water
a sheet of ice that moves slowly over land
the continuous movement of water from the Earth's surface to…
aquifers
underground layers of rock &/or soil that absorb water
polluted
dirty or contaminated water
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