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Study sets matching "muscle chapter 7"

22 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 7 - Muscle terms
acetylcholine
3 types of muscle types
abdominal hernia
hernia
a neurotransmitter - carries nerve impulse across synaptic cl…
smooth, cardiac, skeletal
organs protrude through abdominal wall
organ protrude through a weak muscle
acetylcholine
a neurotransmitter - carries nerve impulse across synaptic cl…
3 types of muscle types
smooth, cardiac, skeletal
14 terms
muscle System chapter 7
muscle types
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Skeletal muscle
See page 128
Smooth muscle is located in the walls of hollow internal orga…
Cardiac muscle forms the heart wall. Its fibers are uninuclea…
fibers are cylindrical, multinucleated, and striated. They ma…
muscle types
See page 128
Smooth Muscle
Smooth muscle is located in the walls of hollow internal orga…
111 terms
Chapter 7 Muscles and Joints
striated
smooth muscle
cardiac muscle
muscle fibers
having a striped appearance
also known as Visceral; found in the walls of hollow organs
specialized type of muscle found in the wall of the heart
individual muscle cells
striated
having a striped appearance
smooth muscle
also known as Visceral; found in the walls of hollow organs
83 terms
Chapter 7 Muscle
7.1 What is the name of the mature ske…
7.2 Name the two types of striated mus…
7.3 Name two types of involuntary muscle
7.4 Which type of muscle tissue experi…
Mature muscle cells are specially long and thin up to foot an…
Skeletal muscle and Cardiac muscle
Cardiac muscle and Smooth muscle
skeletal muscle tissue
7.1 What is the name of the mature ske…
Mature muscle cells are specially long and thin up to foot an…
7.2 Name the two types of striated mus…
Skeletal muscle and Cardiac muscle
13 terms
Chapter 7 torso muscle locations & functions
biceps brachii
triceps brachii
deltoid
pectoralis major
anterior upper arm; flexes elbow
posterior upper arm; extends shoulder & forearm
shoulder; abducts, flexes & extends shoulder
anterior chest; adducts upper arms
biceps brachii
anterior upper arm; flexes elbow
triceps brachii
posterior upper arm; extends shoulder & forearm
27 terms
Chapter 7 terms:muscle
Abduction
Adduction
Cardiac muscle
Circumduction
Moving a body part away from the midline
Moving a body part toward the midline
Forms the walls of the heart and contracts to circulate blood
Moving in a circle at a joint, or moving one end of a body pa…
Abduction
Moving a body part away from the midline
Adduction
Moving a body part toward the midline
9 terms
3. Chapter 7 Muscle Fiber Contraction
muscle fiber contraction
TENSION
TENSION depends on
Muscle Tone
No change in filament length, Filaments slide past each other…
-when muscle cells contract and produce an active force ... -a m…
-the frequency of muscle fiber stimulation... -the number of mus…
resting tension in the muscle
muscle fiber contraction
No change in filament length, Filaments slide past each other…
TENSION
-when muscle cells contract and produce an active force ... -a m…
20 terms
1. Chapter 7 Skeletal Muscle Fiber Organization
functions of the skeletal muscle (what…
three layers of connective tissue
epimysium
perimysium
1. they help the skeleton move... 2. they help keep or maintain…
1. epimysium... 2. perimysium... 3. endomysium
collage fibers that surrounds the entire muscle
divides the skeletal muscle into compartments or bundles call…
functions of the skeletal muscle (what…
1. they help the skeleton move... 2. they help keep or maintain…
three layers of connective tissue
1. epimysium... 2. perimysium... 3. endomysium
22 terms
Chapter 7 Skeletal Muscle
sternocleidomastoideous
orbicularis oculi
orbicular oris
masseter
The muscle of the neck that the lowers and rotates the head i…
closes eye
closes lips
Elevates mandible
sternocleidomastoideous
The muscle of the neck that the lowers and rotates the head i…
orbicularis oculi
closes eye
27 terms
chapter 7 skeletal muscle and movement
asynchronous recruitment
what are the characteristics of muscle…
what are the types of muscle tissue?
where do your find smooth muscle tissue?
when muscle units take turns
excitability and contractility. all muscle tissue contracts
cardiac, smooth, and skeletal
in walls of hollow organs
asynchronous recruitment
when muscle units take turns
what are the characteristics of muscle…
excitability and contractility. all muscle tissue contracts
14 terms
Muscle chapter 7 imran
Endomysium
Fascicles
perimysium
Epimysium
layer of A ereolar ( loose) connective tissue. how blood vess…
bundle of mm fibers
sheet of fiber that covers FASCICLES.
connective tissue that covers the individual mm.
Endomysium
layer of A ereolar ( loose) connective tissue. how blood vess…
Fascicles
bundle of mm fibers
32 terms
Chapter 7: Muscle System
Azygous
Bi
Tri
Quad
not paired
two
Three
Four
Azygous
not paired
Bi
two
27 terms
Chapter 7 Skeletal muscle
Infant Muscle fibers
Adult muscle fibers
Changes reflect concentrations of
Skeletal muscle compose of units known…
small... in greater number than the fetus ... more closely acked in…
larger in diameter ... little space between
Decrease in extracellular ions (sodium and chloride)... increase…
alternating light and dark zones ... Caused by interdigitating o…
Infant Muscle fibers
small... in greater number than the fetus ... more closely acked in…
Adult muscle fibers
larger in diameter ... little space between
12 terms
Chapter 7: Muscle groups, muscles that move the lower extremities
perineum
lower extremities muscles
gluteus maximus
gluteus medius
The lower end of the trunk. It is between the thighs. In male…
It forms most of the fleshy part of the buttock. It offers su…
A smaller muscle located above the upper outer quadrant of th…
perineum
The lower end of the trunk. It is between the thighs. In male…
lower extremities muscles
19 terms
Chapter 7: Vocabulary muscles
arthralgia
atrophy
cardiac muscle
contract/contraction
Pain in the joints; symptom present in many joint diseases.
Wasting away; literally "without development"
Specialized type of muscle that forms the wall of the heart.…
A reduction is size, especially of muscle fibers.
arthralgia
Pain in the joints; symptom present in many joint diseases.
atrophy
Wasting away; literally "without development"
10 terms
Chapter 7 muscle characteristics terminology
hypertrophy
atrophy
flaccid
contractibility
greater than normal size and strength of muscle.
wasting away of muscle due to lack of use
soft and flabby
ability to shorten
hypertrophy
greater than normal size and strength of muscle.
atrophy
wasting away of muscle due to lack of use
99 terms
Chapter 7 Muscle Physiology (skeletal muscle)
muscle
epimysium
fascicles
perimysium
group of fascicles surrounded by epimysium
connective tissue that surrounds the group of fascicles
group of fibers surrounded by perimysium
what surrounds the group of fascicles
muscle
group of fascicles surrounded by epimysium
epimysium
connective tissue that surrounds the group of fascicles
111 terms
Chapter 7 Muscle Tissue
muscle diagram
fasicle
endomysium
All connective tissues in muscles are…
contain bundles of myofibers
Connective tissue that covers each myofiber
deep fascia
muscle diagram
fasicle
contain bundles of myofibers
5 terms
5. Chapter 7 Cardia Muscle Tissue
Where is cardiac muscle found?
Cardiac muscle
intercalated discs
cardiac cells contract
Only found in the heart
-orderly arrangement of myofibrils and are striated like skel…
structures that connect individual heart muscle cells... - this…
WITHOUT neural stimulation
Where is cardiac muscle found?
Only found in the heart
Cardiac muscle
-orderly arrangement of myofibrils and are striated like skel…
32 terms
Chapter 7: Muscle word elements, word roots, suffixes
bi-
bucc/o
dors/o
dys-
two, double
cheek
back
bad, difficult, painful, disordered
bi-
two, double
bucc/o
cheek
20 terms
Skeletal Muscle Vocabulary Chapter 7
sternocleidomastoideus
masseter
temporalis
trapezius
Muscle of the neck that lowers and rotates the head.
Elevates mandible
Closes jaw
Elevates, depresses, retracts, and rotates the scapula; rotat…
sternocleidomastoideus
Muscle of the neck that lowers and rotates the head.
masseter
Elevates mandible
20 terms
Chapter 7 Skeletal Muscle vocab
sternocleidomastoideus
masseter
temporalis
trapezius
Muscle of the neck that lowers and rotates the head.
Elevates mandible
Elevates and retracts mandible
Elevates, depresses, retracts, and rotates the scapula; rotat…
sternocleidomastoideus
Muscle of the neck that lowers and rotates the head.
masseter
Elevates mandible
20 terms
Skeletal Muscle Vocab. Chapter 7
Sternocleidomastoideus
Masseter
Temporalis
Trapezius
Each of a pair of long muscles that connect the sternum, clav…
A muscle that runs through the rear part of the cheek from th…
A fan-shaped muscle that runs from the side of the skull to t…
Either of a pair of large triangular muscles extending over t…
Sternocleidomastoideus
Each of a pair of long muscles that connect the sternum, clav…
Masseter
A muscle that runs through the rear part of the cheek from th…
20 terms
Skeletal Muscle Vocabulary Chapter 7
sternocleidomastoideus
masseter
temporalis
trapezius
each of a pair of long muscles that connect the sternum, clav…
a muscle that runs through the rear part of the cheek from th…
a fan-shaped muscle that runs from the side of the skull to t…
either of a pair of large triangular muscles extending over t…
sternocleidomastoideus
each of a pair of long muscles that connect the sternum, clav…
masseter
a muscle that runs through the rear part of the cheek from th…
20 terms
Chapter 7 Skeletal Muscle Vocab.
sternocleidomastoideus
masseter
temporalis
trapezius
Muscle of the neck that lowers and rotates the head.
Elevates mandible
Closes jaw
Rotates the scapula and raises the arm; raises the scapula; p…
sternocleidomastoideus
Muscle of the neck that lowers and rotates the head.
masseter
Elevates mandible
20 terms
Chapter 7 Skeletal Muscle Vocabulary
sternocleidomastoideus
masseter
temporalis
trapezius
Muscle of the neck that lowers and rotates the head.
Elevates mandible
Closes jaw
Elevates, depresses, retracts, and rotates the scapula; rotat…
sternocleidomastoideus
Muscle of the neck that lowers and rotates the head.
masseter
Elevates mandible
20 terms
Chapter 7 Skeletal Muscle Vocabulary
sternocleidomastoideus
masseter
temporalis
trapezius
Muscle of the neck that lowers and rotates the head.
Elevates mandible
Closes jaw
Elevates, depresses, retracts, and rotates the scapula; rotat…
sternocleidomastoideus
Muscle of the neck that lowers and rotates the head.
masseter
Elevates mandible
38 terms
Chapter 7 Muscle
Skeletal muscle
Smooth muscle
Cardiac muscle
Fascia aka muscle fibers
attach to the bones of the skeleton. AKA 'voluntary muscles'…
aka visceral muscles. Found in the walls of 'hollow organs' a…
is a 'specialized type' of muscle that forms the 'walls of th…
are held together by 'thin sheets' of 'fibrous connective tis…
Skeletal muscle
attach to the bones of the skeleton. AKA 'voluntary muscles'…
Smooth muscle
aka visceral muscles. Found in the walls of 'hollow organs' a…
27 terms
chapter 7 muscle terms
abduction
adduction
cardiac muscle
circumduction
moving a Body part away from the midline
moving a body part towarD the midline
forms the walls of the heart and contracts to circulate blood
moving in a circle at a joint or moving one end of a body par…
abduction
moving a Body part away from the midline
adduction
moving a body part towarD the midline
13 terms
2. Chapter 7 The nervous system and skeletal muscle contraction
nervous system
neuromuscular junction
motor neuron
axon terminal
controls skeletal muscle contraction
point of contact between a motor neuron and a skeletal muscle…
1 .controls each muscle fiber ... 2. a neuron that sends an impu…
branches of the motor neuron which becomes part of the neurom…
nervous system
controls skeletal muscle contraction
neuromuscular junction
point of contact between a motor neuron and a skeletal muscle…
10 terms
Chapter 7 Muscle Vocabulary
Origin
Insertion
Body
tendons
attachment to more stationary bone
attachment to the more moveable bone
the muscle unit, excluding the ends
attach muscles to bone
Origin
attachment to more stationary bone
Insertion
attachment to the more moveable bone
20 terms
NCECS: Chapter 7: Tissue and Muscle
Epithelial Tissues
Connective Tissue
Muscle Tissue
Skeletal Muscle
form a protective covering for all of the internal and extern…
A body tissue that provides support for the body and connects…
A body tissue that contracts or shortens, making body parts m…
A muscle that is attached to the bones of the skeleton and pr…
Epithelial Tissues
form a protective covering for all of the internal and extern…
Connective Tissue
A body tissue that provides support for the body and connects…
19 terms
Chapter 7: Muscle Definitions
Arthalgia
Atrophy
Cardiac Muscle
Contract
Pain in the joints.
Wasting away or "without development".
Specialized type of muscle that forms the wall of the heart,…
A reduction in size, especially of muscle fibers.
Arthalgia
Pain in the joints.
Atrophy
Wasting away or "without development".
99 terms
Chapter 7: Muscles and Joints, review
abduction
adduction
ankylosing spondylitis
ankylosis
Movement of a bone away from the midline of the body.
Movement of a bone toward the midline of the body.
A type of arthritis that affects the vertebral column and cau…
Stiffening or fixation of a joint as the result of a disease…
abduction
Movement of a bone away from the midline of the body.
adduction
Movement of a bone toward the midline of the body.
31 terms
Muscle/ chapter 7
Skeletal
Smooth
Smooth
Hypertrophy
Which type of muscle is under voluntary control?
Which type of muscle does not have striations?
Which type of muscle is found in the blood vessels and airways?
When a muscle increases in diameter, this increased growth an…
Skeletal
Which type of muscle is under voluntary control?
Smooth
Which type of muscle does not have striations?
20 terms
Chapter 7 Muscle Mix Match
Fatique
Insertion
Agonist
Muscle Tone
muscles failing to respond when stimulated
movable attachment of a muscle
group of muscles producing an action
state of partial contraction and keeps a muscle ready to resp…
Fatique
muscles failing to respond when stimulated
Insertion
movable attachment of a muscle
30 terms
Chapter 7 Muscles and Muscle Contraction Practice Set
twitch
tetanus
insertion
origin
a single contraction in response to a brief threshold stimula…
A smooth sustained muscle contraction, such as occurs in skel…
The attachment of a muscle tendon to a moveable bone or the e…
The attachment of a muscle tendon to a stationary bone or the…
twitch
a single contraction in response to a brief threshold stimula…
tetanus
A smooth sustained muscle contraction, such as occurs in skel…
32 terms
Chapter 7 Muscle Dissection
Internal Oblique (Anterior Deep)
Transversus Abdominis (Anterior Deep)
Scalenus (Anterior Deep)
Scalenus (Anterior Deep)
Internal Oblique (Anterior Deep)
Transversus Abdominis (Anterior Deep)
7 terms
Chapter 7 head & neck muscles locations & functions
sternocleidomastoid
trapezius
masseter
orbicularis oculi
from sternum & clavicle to temporal bone; flexes & rotates head
between shoulder & neck; moves scapula & extends neck
jaw muscle; closes jaw
encircles eye; closes eyelid
sternocleidomastoid
from sternum & clavicle to temporal bone; flexes & rotates head
trapezius
between shoulder & neck; moves scapula & extends neck
20 terms
Chapter 7 Skeletal Muscle Vocabulary- Sam Zheng
Sternocleidomastoideus
Masseter
Temporalis
Trapezius
Muscle of the neck that lowers and rotates the head.
Elevates mandible when chewing and slightly protracts it
Elevates and retracts mandible
Elevates, depresses, retracts, and rotates the scapula; rotat…
Sternocleidomastoideus
Muscle of the neck that lowers and rotates the head.
Masseter
Elevates mandible when chewing and slightly protracts it
Chapter 7 - Muscles
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
Endomysium
located in the walls of hollow organs and blood vessels... - inv…
forms heart wall... - fibers are uninucleated (one nucleus), str…
makes up muscles attached to skeleton... - cylindrical, multi-nu…
thin layer of areolar connective tissue... surrounds each skelet…
Smooth Muscle
located in the walls of hollow organs and blood vessels... - inv…
Cardiac Muscle
forms heart wall... - fibers are uninucleated (one nucleus), str…
31 terms
Muscles of the Face Chapter 7
Superior Rectus
Inferior Rectus
Medial Rectus
Lateral Rectus(Abducent N)
Elevation of eyeball
Despression of eyeball
Adduction of eyeball
Abduction of eyeball
Superior Rectus
Elevation of eyeball
Inferior Rectus
Despression of eyeball
58 terms
Muscles (chapter 7)
Muscles
Functions
Fibers
Tendons
over 600 in the body... -consist of cells called Muscle fibers
support and maintain body posture... -movement... produces heat: re…
are held together by sheets of connective tissue called "Fasc…
attaching muscle to bone (skeletal muscle)
Muscles
over 600 in the body... -consist of cells called Muscle fibers
Functions
support and maintain body posture... -movement... produces heat: re…
37 terms
Chapter 7 - Muscles
Skeletal muscle tissue
Smooth muscle tissue
Cardiac muscle tissue
Sternocleidomastoid
Tissue that moves parts of the skeleton, striated, designed t…
Tissue specialized for slow, powerful, and prolonged contract…
Tissue only in heart, striated, rhythmically contract without…
Connect temporal bones of the skull to the sternum and clavic…
Skeletal muscle tissue
Tissue that moves parts of the skeleton, striated, designed t…
Smooth muscle tissue
Tissue specialized for slow, powerful, and prolonged contract…
5 terms
Chapter 7: Muscle Anatomy
origin
insertion
flexor muscle
extensor muscle
where each muscle begins; stationary
where each muscle ends; creates a specific action; moves
decreases the angle between 2 parts
increases the angle between 2 parts
origin
where each muscle begins; stationary
insertion
where each muscle ends; creates a specific action; moves
33 terms
Chapter 7- Skeletal Muscle
Epimysium
Muscle Fascicle
Perimysium
Muscle Fiber
Connective tissue that surrounds entire skeletal muscle (outs…
Bundles of muscle fibers
Connective tissue around each muscle fasciculus
Skeletal muscle cells, many nuclei
Epimysium
Connective tissue that surrounds entire skeletal muscle (outs…
Muscle Fascicle
Bundles of muscle fibers
21 terms
Muscles- Chapter 7
Zygomaticus Major
Trapezius
Temporalis
Sternocleidomastoid
Raises the corners of the mouth or to smile
Triangular shaped muscle that moves the shoulder and turns th…
Raises the jaw, closes the mouth, and draws the jaw backward
Flexes the head, rotates the head toward opposite sides of th…
Zygomaticus Major
Raises the corners of the mouth or to smile
Trapezius
Triangular shaped muscle that moves the shoulder and turns th…
Chapter 7 - Muscles
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
Endomysium
located in the walls of hollow organs and blood vessels... - inv…
forms heart wall... - fibers are uninucleated (one nucleus), str…
makes up muscles attached to skeleton... - cylindrical, multi-nu…
thin layer of areolar connective tissue... surrounds each skelet…
Smooth Muscle
located in the walls of hollow organs and blood vessels... - inv…
Cardiac Muscle
forms heart wall... - fibers are uninucleated (one nucleus), str…
20 terms
Skeletal Muscle Vocabulary Chapter 7- Weidig
sternocleidomastoideus
masseter
temporalis
trapezius
Muscle of the neck that lowers and rotates the head.
Elevates mandible
Closes jaw
Elevates, depresses, retracts, and rotates the scapula; rotat…
sternocleidomastoideus
Muscle of the neck that lowers and rotates the head.
masseter
Elevates mandible
20 terms
Skeletal Muscle Vocab Chapter 7- Piper Robbins
stenocleidomastoideus
masseter
temporalis
trapezius
the the muscle of the neck that lowers and rotates the head
elevates mandible
closes jaw
elevates, depresses, retracts, and rotates the scapula; rotat…
stenocleidomastoideus
the the muscle of the neck that lowers and rotates the head
masseter
elevates mandible
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