Study sets matching "muscle muscular system"

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Study sets matching "muscle muscular system"

44 terms
Muscular system
brachi/o
burs/o
chir/o
contract/o
arm
bursa
hand
pull together
brachi/o
arm
burs/o
bursa
46 terms
Muscular System (Muscle Identification)
temporalis
orbicularis oculi
zygomaticus
orbicularis oris
which muscle is this?
which muscle is this?
which muscle is this?
which muscle is this?
temporalis
which muscle is this?
orbicularis oculi
which muscle is this?
28 terms
Muscular System/Muscle Actions
Temporalis
Orbicularis Oculi
Masseter
Buccinator
Elevates & Retracts Mandible
Closes eye
Elevates mandible- Opens mouth
Compresses cheeks-keeps food between grinding surfaces of the…
Temporalis
Elevates & Retracts Mandible
Orbicularis Oculi
Closes eye
63 terms
Muscular System - Muscles
frontalis
occipitalis
orbicularis oculi
orbicularis oris
frontalis
occipitalis
30 terms
Muscular System: Muscle Diagrams
Frontalis
Occipitalis group
Masseter
Temporalis
Frontalis
Occipitalis group
53 terms
Muscular System (Muscle Identification)
temporalis
orbicularis oculi
zygomaticus
orbicularis oris
which muscle is this?
which muscle is this?
which muscle is this?
which muscle is this?
temporalis
which muscle is this?
orbicularis oculi
which muscle is this?
31 terms
Muscular System - Muscle Tissue
Cardiac Muscle
Smooth muscle
Skeletal muscle
Skeletal muscle characteristics
Unique to heart
Located in mucosal tracts, blood vessels and skin
Composed of organs of muscular system
Striated... voluntary... multinucleated... long... spindle-shaped... periphe…
Cardiac Muscle
Unique to heart
Smooth muscle
Located in mucosal tracts, blood vessels and skin
13 terms
Muscular System: Muscle Fibers
Fascicles
Epimysium
Sarcolemma
Sarcoplasm
bundles of fibers that muscles are composed of
the membrane surrounding fascicles
muscle fiber membrane
inner material surrounding fibers (like cytoplasm)
Fascicles
bundles of fibers that muscles are composed of
Epimysium
the membrane surrounding fascicles
102 terms
Muscular system and Muscles of the body
Muscle fibers
muscular nuclei
Striations
spindle shaped cells
What are the dots?
Muscle fibers
muscular nuclei
What are the dots?
60 terms
Muscular System/ Muscle Movements
fasci/o
fibr/o
kinesi/o
my/o
fibrous band
fibers
movement
muscle
fasci/o
fibrous band
fibr/o
fibers
29 terms
Muscular system- Muscle Actions
Temporalis
Temporalis
Orbicularis oculi
Masseter
elevates and retracts mandible
closes eye
elevates mandible
Temporalis
elevates and retracts mandible
Temporalis
89 terms
Muscular System (skeletal muscle)
where is skeletal muscle found
what are the 3 types of muscle
describe skeletal muscle appearance un…
myoblasts
all voluntary muscle (over 650)
skeletal... cardiac... smooth
long and cylindrical... striated... multinucleated
muscular stem cells that fuse to form skeletal muscle fibers
where is skeletal muscle found
all voluntary muscle (over 650)
what are the 3 types of muscle
skeletal... cardiac... smooth
11 terms
Muscular System: Types of Muscle
Types of Muscle
Types of Muscle: Skeletal Muscle
Types of Muscle: Smooth Muscle
Types of Muscle: Cardiac Muscle
Skeletal Muscle, Smooth Muscle, Cardiac Muscle
movement of bones... voluntary ... striated (made of repeating sacr…
movement of internal organs ... involuntary... not straited
generate heartbeat ... involuntary ... striated
Types of Muscle
Skeletal Muscle, Smooth Muscle, Cardiac Muscle
Types of Muscle: Skeletal Muscle
movement of bones... voluntary ... striated (made of repeating sacr…
50 terms
The muscular system: muscle metabolism
The Muscular System: Muscle Metabolism
1.
1. _energize the power stroke of the m…
2. _Disconnecting the myosin head from…
...
List the three roles of ATP in muscle contraction:
...
...
The Muscular System: Muscle Metabolism
...
1.
List the three roles of ATP in muscle contraction:
Anatomy - Muscular System (Muscles)
Functions of Muscles
Pectorails Major
Latissimus Dorsi
Deltoid
-Motion ... -Maintain posture... -Heat production ... -Move substances…
Shoulder Joint ... -flexion... -adduction... -transvers adduction ... -in…
Shoulder Joint ... -extension ... -adduction ... -transverse rotation
Shoulder Joint ... -Anterior: flexion, internal rotation, transv…
Functions of Muscles
-Motion ... -Maintain posture... -Heat production ... -Move substances…
Pectorails Major
Shoulder Joint ... -flexion... -adduction... -transvers adduction ... -in…
23 terms
Muscle Physiology and the Muscular System
Endomysium
Perimysium
Epimysium
Muscle reparation
Separates individual muscle fibers from one another
Separates 10-100 muscle fibers into bundles called fascicles
Outermost layer ... surrounds numerous bundles of fascicles
Muscles heal with foreign tissue including collagen. The resu…
Endomysium
Separates individual muscle fibers from one another
Perimysium
Separates 10-100 muscle fibers into bundles called fascicles
Muscular System: Anatomy of the Muscles
Deltoid
Sternocleidmastoid
Gastrocnemius
Triceps Brachii
Deltoid
Sternocleidmastoid
Muscular System - Muscle Structure
Made Up Of
Structure
Myofilaments
Myofibrils
70% water, 23% protein, 7% minerals (calcium, potassium phosp…
Myofilaments -> myofibrils -> fibres -> fasciculi -> tendon
Made up of Actin (thin protein) and Myosin (thick protein), b…
Made up of protein myofilaments, arranged in contractile comp…
Made Up Of
70% water, 23% protein, 7% minerals (calcium, potassium phosp…
Structure
Myofilaments -> myofibrils -> fibres -> fasciculi -> tendon
20 terms
Muscular System Terms + Muscle Names
Trapezius
Frontalis
Deltoid
Pectoralis major
Trapezius
Frontalis
43 terms
Muscular System (Skeletal Muscle System)
Muscle Tissue
Muscle Components
Frontalis
Orbicularis Oculi
Skeletal, cardiac, and smooth muscles
Two portions: belly + tendon... Two ends: origin + insertion
Muscle Tissue
Skeletal, cardiac, and smooth muscles
Muscle Components
Two portions: belly + tendon... Two ends: origin + insertion
47 terms
The Muscular System - Muscles and Muscle Tissue
Functions of the Muscular System
Excitability
Contractility
Exstensibility
1. Motion... 2. Maintain body posture... 3. Generate body heat... 4. A…
ability to receive and respond to stimuli
ability to shorten and thicken
ability to be extended or stretched
Functions of the Muscular System
1. Motion... 2. Maintain body posture... 3. Generate body heat... 4. A…
Excitability
ability to receive and respond to stimuli
Muscular System - Muscle Actions
Isotonic (same tone)
Concentric
Eccentric
Isometric
Actions involving movement (eccentric and concentric)
Generates force and shortens (lifting a weight)
Generates force and lengthens (lowering a weight)
Generates force and stays the same length (holding a weight)
Isotonic (same tone)
Actions involving movement (eccentric and concentric)
Concentric
Generates force and shortens (lifting a weight)
23 terms
Muscular System: Smooth Muscle
Smooth muscle
Actin myofilaments are attached to den…
_____________ intermediate filaments a…
Intermediate filaments and dense bodie…
spindle-shaped, with a single nucleus in the middle of the cell
smooth muscle
Noncontractile
Intracellular cytoskeleton
Smooth muscle
spindle-shaped, with a single nucleus in the middle of the cell
Actin myofilaments are attached to den…
smooth muscle
106 terms
Muscular System: Skeletal Muscle
Most body movements result from muscle
Muscle Tissue
skeletal muscle
Smooth muscle
contractions
1. skeletal... 2. smooth... 3. cardiac
Body movements: is attached to bone... Maintain posture: tone a…
Constriction of organs and vessels: contraction of smooth mus…
Most body movements result from muscle
contractions
Muscle Tissue
1. skeletal... 2. smooth... 3. cardiac
Muscle Physiology/Muscular System
Muscle Cell/Fiber
Motor Unit
Neuromuscular Junction
Motor end plate
-long, thin, thread like... -multiple nuclei... -innervated by a si…
-Motor neuron and the ms. fibers it innervates... -One neuron in…
Junction between the muscle fiber and neuron
Where the neuron touches the muscle
Muscle Cell/Fiber
-long, thin, thread like... -multiple nuclei... -innervated by a si…
Motor Unit
-Motor neuron and the ms. fibers it innervates... -One neuron in…
43 terms
Muscular System (Skeletal Muscle)
skeletal muscle is composed of cells t…
excitability
conductivity
contractility
excitability, conductivity, contractility, elasticity, extens…
the ability of a cell to respond to a stimulus (chemical, str…
an electrical change that travels along the plasma membrane a…
exhibited when contractile proteins within skeletal muscle ce…
skeletal muscle is composed of cells t…
excitability, conductivity, contractility, elasticity, extens…
excitability
the ability of a cell to respond to a stimulus (chemical, str…
Muscular System: Muscle Tissue
human body has
Muscle cells are specialized to conver…
Average human's body weight is muscle?
Muscles perform the functions
more than 600 muscles
in ATP into movement
40-50%
1. Determine shape/form of body... 2.Maintain posture... 3. Contrac…
human body has
more than 600 muscles
Muscle cells are specialized to conver…
in ATP into movement
muscular system ; muscle movement
adduction
abduction
flexion
extension
moving a body part toward the mid line.
moving a body part away from the mid line.
decreasing the angle between two bones, or bending a body part.
increasing the angle between two bones, or straightening a bo…
adduction
moving a body part toward the mid line.
abduction
moving a body part away from the mid line.
45 terms
Muscular System: Muscles
Frontalis (frontal belly)
Occipitalis (occipital belly)
orbicularis oculi
orbicularis oris
O: Galea aponeurotica... I: supraorbital margin... A: Draws scalp a…
O: Occipital, temporal... I: Galea aponeurotica... A: Draws scalp p…
O: Medial orbit... I: around orbit... A: closes eyelids
O: Around mouth ... I: Corners of mouth... A: closes lips
Frontalis (frontal belly)
O: Galea aponeurotica... I: supraorbital margin... A: Draws scalp a…
Occipitalis (occipital belly)
O: Occipital, temporal... I: Galea aponeurotica... A: Draws scalp p…
Muscle & Muscular System
Motion
Skeletal System
Muscle Tissue Types
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
Results from alternating contraction (shortening) and relaxat…
Provides leverage and supportive frame work for these movemen…
Skeletal, Smooth, and Cardiac.
Is primarily attached to bone and under voluntary control.
Motion
Results from alternating contraction (shortening) and relaxat…
Skeletal System
Provides leverage and supportive frame work for these movemen…
Muscular System: Muscle Fibers
Muscle tone
Muscle spindles
Intrafusal fibers
Stretch receptors
resting tension major function for stabilizing the body, join…
specialized tissue that is stimulated to maintain muscle tone
muscle tone... a.) gamma motor neurons stimulate theses
muscle spindles that inform the sensory neurons for muscle ra…
Muscle tone
resting tension major function for stabilizing the body, join…
Muscle spindles
specialized tissue that is stimulated to maintain muscle tone
52 terms
Muscular System: Muscle & Action.
Frontalis.
Orbicularis oculi.
Temporalis.
Zygomaticus.
Raises eyebrows.
Closes, blinks, and squints eye.
Closes jaw.
Raises corners of mouth.
Frontalis.
Raises eyebrows.
Orbicularis oculi.
Closes, blinks, and squints eye.
Muscle tissue and muscular system
Skeletal striated muscle
Cardiac striated muscle
Smooth muscle
Flat muscles
is voluntary somatic muscle that makes up the gross skeletal…
is involuntary visceral muscle that forms most of the walls o…
(unstriated muscle) is involuntary vis- ceral muscle that for…
have parallel fibers often with an aponeurosis—for example, t…
Skeletal striated muscle
is voluntary somatic muscle that makes up the gross skeletal…
Cardiac striated muscle
is involuntary visceral muscle that forms most of the walls o…
55 terms
Muscular System- Muscle Functions
Occipitalis
Frontalis
Temporalis
Orbicularis Oculi
Pulls up eyebrows
Raises eyebrows
Chewing Muscles
Closes Eye
Occipitalis
Pulls up eyebrows
Frontalis
Raises eyebrows
8 terms
Muscular System: Cardiac Muscle
Aging
Loss of muscle fibers is the primary c…
Duchenne muscular dystrophy
People with DMD are unable to walk by…
reduce muscle mass, increase the time muscle takes to contrac…
True
children around 3 years of age have slow motor development wi…
True
Aging
reduce muscle mass, increase the time muscle takes to contrac…
Loss of muscle fibers is the primary c…
True
Muscular System (Muscle anatomy)
Agonist
Antagonist
Synergist
Fixator
Prime mover, muscles that are primarily responsible for produ…
Muscles that opposes or reverses a movement.... Ex: Elbow extens…
Aid the action of the agonist by assisting with the same move…
Specialized synergists that immobilized the origin of an agon…
Agonist
Prime mover, muscles that are primarily responsible for produ…
Antagonist
Muscles that opposes or reverses a movement.... Ex: Elbow extens…
85 terms
Muscle, muscular system
Parallel muscles
Intrinsic
Zygomaticus
Mentalis
___ are straplike muscles of uniform width whose fascicles al…
A/an ___ muscle of the hand has both its origin and intersect…
A smile is produced by contradiction of the ___ muscle(s).
The ___ muscles pull skin of the chin upward.
Parallel muscles
___ are straplike muscles of uniform width whose fascicles al…
Intrinsic
A/an ___ muscle of the hand has both its origin and intersect…
16 terms
Muscular System Muscle shape.
Unipennate
Bipennate
Multipennate
Spiral
Uni/one... Penna/feather
Bi/two... Penna/feather
Multi/many... Penna/feather
Speira/coil
Unipennate
Uni/one... Penna/feather
Bipennate
Bi/two... Penna/feather
15 terms
Muscular system muscle action
Abduction
Adduction
Flexion
Extension
Movement away from midline of the body
Movement toward midline the body
Act of bending or being bent
Movement that bring limb into or toward a straight condition
Abduction
Movement away from midline of the body
Adduction
Movement toward midline the body
Muscular system-Muscle movement
muscle movement
contractions
smooth muscle contractions
cardiac muscle
They move by contracting and relaxing
This is when a muscle shortens and thickens because the actin…
These contractions are in response to many stimuli and stretc…
Contractions are in response to electrical impulses sent by p…
muscle movement
They move by contracting and relaxing
contractions
This is when a muscle shortens and thickens because the actin…
9 terms
The Muscular System - Muscle Tissues
Cardiac/Smooth
Skeletal/Cardiac
Smooth
Skeletal
involuntary
banded appearance
longitudinally and circularly arranged layers
dense connective tissue packaging
Cardiac/Smooth
involuntary
Skeletal/Cardiac
banded appearance
Muscular System: Muscle Metabolism
List the three roles of ATP in muscle…
The potential energy in ATP is release…
Write the end products of this process…
Rebuilding ADP into ATP with a new sou…
Energizing power stroke of myosin cross bridge... Disconecting t…
Hydrolysis
ADP+P
dehydration synthesis
List the three roles of ATP in muscle…
Energizing power stroke of myosin cross bridge... Disconecting t…
The potential energy in ATP is release…
Hydrolysis
22 terms
Muscular System Muscle Locomotion
Deltoids
Triceps
Latissimus dorsi
Internal and external obliques
Raises the arms away from the body to the front,side and rear.
Extends the forearm at the elbow and straightens arm.
Pulls the shoulders back; and rotates and lowers arms.
Flex and rotates the trunk.
Deltoids
Raises the arms away from the body to the front,side and rear.
Triceps
Extends the forearm at the elbow and straightens arm.
16 terms
muscular system- muscle shape
unipennate
bipennate
multipennate
spiral
uni/one penna/ feather
bi/ two penna/ feather
multi/many penna / feather
speira/ coil
unipennate
uni/one penna/ feather
bipennate
bi/ two penna/ feather
41 terms
Muscular System-Muscles and Diseases
Masseter
Orbicularis Oris
Orbicularis Oculi
Depressor anguli oris
Masseter
Orbicularis Oris
Muscular System: Muscle Functions
Orbiculoris Oris
Occipitalis
Frontalis
Zygomaticus
Closes lips
Draws scalp backwards
Elevates eyebrows, wrinkles skin of forehead
Draws upper lip upward and outward / pulls angle of mouth upw…
Orbiculoris Oris
Closes lips
Occipitalis
Draws scalp backwards
Muscular system Muscle tissue
Smooth muscle tissue
Cardiac muscle tissue
Skeletal muscle tissue
Smooth muscle tissue
Involuntary, non-striated. Gap junctions spindle-shaped cells…
Branching chains of sales. Uni or by nucleated. Striations. O…
Single very long cylindrical, multi nucleated cells, with obv…
What muscle tissue enables arteries to increase blood pressur…
Smooth muscle tissue
Involuntary, non-striated. Gap junctions spindle-shaped cells…
Cardiac muscle tissue
Branching chains of sales. Uni or by nucleated. Striations. O…
Muscular System (Muscle Actions)
abduction
adduction
flexion
extension
movement away from midline of the body
movement toward midline of the body
act of bending or being bent
movement that brings limb into or toward a straight condition
abduction
movement away from midline of the body
adduction
movement toward midline of the body
16 terms
Muscular System: muscle actions
Flexion
Extension
Planter flexion
Dorsi flexion
Decreasing the angle between two body parts
Increasing the angle between two body parts
Pointing the toes downward
Pointing the toes upward
Flexion
Decreasing the angle between two body parts
Extension
Increasing the angle between two body parts
Muscular system, Main Muscles
Trapezius
Frontalis
Deltoid
Pectoralis major
Trapezius
Frontalis
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