Study sets matching "muscle"

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Study sets matching "muscle"

muscle
rotator cuff muscle
frontalis
Orbicularis oculi
Orbicularis Oris
is a group of tendons and muscle in the shoulder, connecting…
Origin: epicranial aponeurosis... Insertion: skin of forhead and…
rotator cuff muscle
is a group of tendons and muscle in the shoulder, connecting…
frontalis
Origin: epicranial aponeurosis... Insertion: skin of forhead and…
50 terms
Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Muscle
long cylindrical cells multi-nucleated (syncytim), peripheral…
Branched cells... Multinucleated, ceontrally located... Striated... Dy…
Spindle shaped cells... single nucleus centrally located... caveola…
types: skeletal, cardiac, & smooth... possess contractile filame…
Skeletal Muscle
long cylindrical cells multi-nucleated (syncytim), peripheral…
Cardiac Muscle
Branched cells... Multinucleated, ceontrally located... Striated... Dy…
14 terms
muscle
sternocleidomastoid
deltoid
pectoralis major
biceps
sternocleidomastoid
deltoid
Muscle
Types of Muscle
Agonist
Antagonist
Synergist
-skeletal... -smooth... -cardiac
-prime mover... -produces desired action
opposes agonist
-fixator... -prevents undesired action
Types of Muscle
-skeletal... -smooth... -cardiac
Agonist
-prime mover... -produces desired action
65 terms
Muscle
Tendon
Epimysium
Perimysium
Fascicle
attach muscle to bone
a sheath of fibrous elastic tissue surrounding a muscle.
the sheath of connective tissue surrounding a bundle of muscl…
Bundles of muscle fibers wrapped in perimysium
Tendon
attach muscle to bone
Epimysium
a sheath of fibrous elastic tissue surrounding a muscle.
28 terms
Muscle
Origin
Insertion
Intrinsic muscle
Extrinsic muscle
Attachment to a bone or another structure at EACH END
Attachment of a muscle to a bone, does move when contracts
Origin & Insertion located in the SAME body region
Origin & insertion in DIFFERENT region
Origin
Attachment to a bone or another structure at EACH END
Insertion
Attachment of a muscle to a bone, does move when contracts
Muscle
Gluteus Maximus (Muscle)
Semitendinosus (Muscle)
Trapezius (Muscle)
Triceps (Muscles)
Any of three muscles in each buttock that move the thigh.
Hamstring. Flex the knee and extend the hip.
Either of a pair of large triangular muscles extending over t…
It enables extension and retraction of the forearm.
Gluteus Maximus (Muscle)
Any of three muscles in each buttock that move the thigh.
Semitendinosus (Muscle)
Hamstring. Flex the knee and extend the hip.
21 terms
Muscle
Myofilaments
Sarcomere
Actin
Myosin
actin and myosin; compose myofibrils
each functional unit of a myofibril
thin filament; attached by one end to the Z-line
thick filament; tintin runs through the myosin and attatches…
Myofilaments
actin and myosin; compose myofibrils
Sarcomere
each functional unit of a myofibril
39 terms
Muscle
Orbicularis Oculi
Orbicularis Oris
Zigomaticus
Buccinator
Frontal and Maxillary bone... Eyelid Tissue... Blinking , Squinting
Maxilla and Mandible... Skin and muscle at angles of mouth... Close…
Zigomatic bone... Skin/muscle at mouth corners... Smilling and laug…
Maxilla and mandible... Orbicularis Oris... Sucking and compress ch…
Orbicularis Oculi
Frontal and Maxillary bone... Eyelid Tissue... Blinking , Squinting
Orbicularis Oris
Maxilla and Mandible... Skin and muscle at angles of mouth... Close…
16 terms
Muscle
Gastrocneumius
Soleus
Hamstring
Gluteus Maxius
Gas-trok-ne-me-us... Actions : flex the knee (Tibiofemoral joint…
so-lay-us... Actions: Plantar flexion of the foot at the ankle... I…
Orgin: Tuberosity of the ischium, linea... Insertion : Tibia, fi…
Gloo-te-us Max-i-us... Top... Action: Extend the hip (coxal joint)…
Gastrocneumius
Gas-trok-ne-me-us... Actions : flex the knee (Tibiofemoral joint…
Soleus
so-lay-us... Actions: Plantar flexion of the foot at the ankle... I…
37 terms
Muscle
frontalis
temporalis
occipitalis
orbicularis oculus
frontalis
temporalis
7 terms
Muscle
temporalis
masseter
epicranius
orbicularis oculi
parietal to mandible; elevating and retracting mandible
maxilla to mandible; elevating and retracting mandible
(frontal belly) raising eyelids
frontal bone- closing eyelids
temporalis
parietal to mandible; elevating and retracting mandible
masseter
maxilla to mandible; elevating and retracting mandible
34 terms
Muscle
Trapezius
Vastus Lateralis
Gastrocnemius
Deltoid
Extends head and neck & rotates shoulders
Extends knee/leg outward (quad)
Plantar flexes foot
Abducts arm
Trapezius
Extends head and neck & rotates shoulders
Vastus Lateralis
Extends knee/leg outward (quad)
19 terms
Muscle
Muscle
Voluntary Muscles
Involuntary Muscles
Skeletal Muscle
organ that contracts (gets shorter), relaxes, and provides fo…
muscles you control (arms, legs, hands, feet)
muscles you can't control(pupils, heart, stomach.
Muscles that move bone
Muscle
organ that contracts (gets shorter), relaxes, and provides fo…
Voluntary Muscles
muscles you control (arms, legs, hands, feet)
6 terms
Muscle
Parallel Muscle
Convergent muscle
Unipennate muscle
Bipennate muscle
Biceps Brachii muscle
Pectoralis muscle
Extensor digitorum muscle
Rectus femoris muscle
Parallel Muscle
Biceps Brachii muscle
Convergent muscle
Pectoralis muscle
19 terms
muscle
Types of muscle cells
which types of muscle are arranged in…
which muscle is the longest? Which typ…
Which muscle cells are multi-nucleated
1) cardiac... 2) skeletal... 3) smooth
cardiac and skeletal muscles
Skeletal muscle is the longest. Cardiac muscle is the shortest
cardiac and skeletal muscles
Types of muscle cells
1) cardiac... 2) skeletal... 3) smooth
which types of muscle are arranged in…
cardiac and skeletal muscles
36 terms
Muscle
Fascicle
Perimysium
Endomysium
Fibroblast nuclei
A small bundle or cluster, especially of nerve or muscle fibers
The connective tissue that surrounds fascicles.
Surrounds individual muscle fibers
Thinner/wavier/darker than myocyte nuclei
Fascicle
A small bundle or cluster, especially of nerve or muscle fibers
Perimysium
The connective tissue that surrounds fascicles.
31 terms
Muscle
skeletal muscle
cardiac muscle
smooth muscle
epimysium
attached to bones. Provides movement of skeleton. Striated an…
predominant tissue within the heart wall. Consists of interca…
Located primarily in the walls of hollow organs (stomach, blo…
outermost layer of fascia that surrounds the entire muscle.
skeletal muscle
attached to bones. Provides movement of skeleton. Striated an…
cardiac muscle
predominant tissue within the heart wall. Consists of interca…
Muscle
Abdomen muscles
External abdominal oblique
Internal abdominal oblique
Transversus abdominus
...
O:ribs 5-12... I: Iliac crest; linea Alba ... A: compresses abdomen…
O: iliac crest of Ilium;Inguinal ligament ... I: lower ribs; lin…
A: supports abdominal wall; AIDS in force expiration
Abdomen muscles
...
External abdominal oblique
O:ribs 5-12... I: Iliac crest; linea Alba ... A: compresses abdomen…
26 terms
Muscle
frontalis
temporalis
masseter
orbicularis oris
action- raises eyebrows ... anterior ... origin- ... insertion- skin o…
action- closes jaw... anterior and posterior
action- mover of jaw closure ... anterior
action- closes lip... anterior
frontalis
action- raises eyebrows ... anterior ... origin- ... insertion- skin o…
temporalis
action- closes jaw... anterior and posterior
25 terms
muscle
frontalis
temporalis
sternocleidomastoid
masseter
origin frontal bone... insertion skin of eye brow... action raises…
origin fronal, parietal bone... insertion coronoid process of ma…
origin manubrium, clavicle... insertion mastoid process of tempo…
origin zygomatic atch, maxilla... insertion mandible... action clos…
frontalis
origin frontal bone... insertion skin of eye brow... action raises…
temporalis
origin fronal, parietal bone... insertion coronoid process of ma…
muscle
latissiumus dorsi
trapezius
triceps brachii
wrist / finger extensors
flat muscle, prime mover of arm extension, adducts and medial…
superficial posteriorly, extends head and retracts, adducts s…
three head, powerful forearm extensors
extend and abduct
latissiumus dorsi
flat muscle, prime mover of arm extension, adducts and medial…
trapezius
superficial posteriorly, extends head and retracts, adducts s…
42 terms
Muscle
functions of muscle
functional characteristics of muscle
skeletal muscle
cardiac muscle
Movement... Maintains posture... Supporting soft tissues and joints…
Excitability... Contractility... Extensibility... Elasticity
attached to bones by tendons
heart
functions of muscle
Movement... Maintains posture... Supporting soft tissues and joints…
functional characteristics of muscle
Excitability... Contractility... Extensibility... Elasticity
19 terms
muscle
skeletal-voluntary, smooth, and cardiac
skeletal
cardiac
blood
What are the three types of muscles?
Give an example of a voluntary muscle
Give an example of an involuntary muscle
what does the cardiac muscle move?
skeletal-voluntary, smooth, and cardiac
What are the three types of muscles?
skeletal
Give an example of a voluntary muscle
27 terms
Muscle
functions of muscle tissue
properties of muscle tissue
excitability
contractility
produce body movements... stabilize body positions... regulate orga…
excitability, contractility, extensibility, elasticity, thermal
ability to respond to stimuli and produce electrical signals…
ability to shorten and generate force once excited (muscles s…
functions of muscle tissue
produce body movements... stabilize body positions... regulate orga…
properties of muscle tissue
excitability, contractility, extensibility, elasticity, thermal
23 terms
Muscle
Trapezius
Deltoid
Sternocliedomastoid
Pectoralis major
What muscle is this?
What muscle is this?
What muscle is this?
What muscle is this?
Trapezius
What muscle is this?
Deltoid
What muscle is this?
27 terms
Muscle
Skeletal muscle development
Myoblasts
Hypertrophy
Atrophy
skeletal muscles begin as masses usually found adjacent to de…
proliferation of precursor cells within each developing muscl…
enlargement
shrinkage (usually due to disuse or diseases); can lead to bl…
Skeletal muscle development
skeletal muscles begin as masses usually found adjacent to de…
Myoblasts
proliferation of precursor cells within each developing muscl…
Muscle
Normal Dystrophin
Loss of Dystrophin; Duchenne
myoepithelial cells
smooth muscle cells
Normal Dystrophin
Loss of Dystrophin; Duchenne
Muscle
Skeletal muscle
Striated muscle
Smooth muscle
Involuntary muscle
A muscle that is attached to the bones of the skeleton and pr…
A muscle that appears banded; also called skeletal muscle.
Involuntary muscle found inside many internal organs of the b…
The muscle over which a person has no conscious control. It i…
Skeletal muscle
A muscle that is attached to the bones of the skeleton and pr…
Striated muscle
A muscle that appears banded; also called skeletal muscle.
12 terms
Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
Involuntary Muscle
Voluntary Muscle
Involuntary muscle found inside many internal organs of the b…
A muscle that is attached to the bones providing force to mov…
A muscle that is not under conscious control.
A muscle that is under conscious control
Smooth Muscle
Involuntary muscle found inside many internal organs of the b…
Skeletal Muscle
A muscle that is attached to the bones providing force to mov…
66 terms
Muscle
Frontalis... Function:... Raises eyebrows
Orbicularis Oculi ... Function: ... Allows y…
Zygomaticus minor and major... Function:…
Buccinator muscle ... Function: Compresse…
Frontalis... Function:... Raises eyebrows
Orbicularis Oculi ... Function: ... Allows y…
muscle
pectoralis major
serratus anterior
external oblique
brachioradialis
large-fan shape,prime mover of arm flexion:adducts, medially…
fan-shape muscle, prime mover to protract and hold scapula ag…
compresses abdominis wall,trunk rotation and lateral flexion
superficial muscle, synergist in forearm flexion
pectoralis major
large-fan shape,prime mover of arm flexion:adducts, medially…
serratus anterior
fan-shape muscle, prime mover to protract and hold scapula ag…
muscle
origin
insertion
action
innervations
starting point of a muscle / usually proximal during a contra…
Ending point of a muscle, usually distal and during a contrac…
movement a muscle perform
Is a nerve supply
origin
starting point of a muscle / usually proximal during a contra…
insertion
Ending point of a muscle, usually distal and during a contrac…
Muscle
Flexion of the cervical spine
Rotation of the cervical spine
Lateral Flexion of the cervical spine
Extension of the cervical spine
Sternocleidomastoid
Sternocleidomastoid, splenius capitis
Sternocleidomastoid, splenius capitis, trapezius
Splenius capitis, trapezius
Flexion of the cervical spine
Sternocleidomastoid
Rotation of the cervical spine
Sternocleidomastoid, splenius capitis
64 terms
Muscle
Semispinalis Capitis
Splenius Capitis
Sternocleidomastoid
Buccinator
Extends and rotates the head
Extends, rotates and flexes laterally the head
Origin: Manubrium and clavicle... Insertion: Mastoid process and…
Compresses (Pulls inward) cheeks.... ex: Whistling and kissing
Semispinalis Capitis
Extends and rotates the head
Splenius Capitis
Extends, rotates and flexes laterally the head
Muscle
Muscle cells
Specialization of Muscle Cells
-----------------------------------
Comparison of Muscles (Skeletal)
1) Contractility ... 2) Irritability... 3) Conductivity
- Microfilaments: actin... - Thick Filaments: myosin... - Mitochond…
---------------------------------------
- Cylindrical, long striations... - Multinucleated, nucleus on p…
Muscle cells
1) Contractility ... 2) Irritability... 3) Conductivity
Specialization of Muscle Cells
- Microfilaments: actin... - Thick Filaments: myosin... - Mitochond…
Muscle
Skeletal muscle structure
The sarcomere
Thick and thin filaments
Titin filaments
Muscles are connected to the skeleton by tendons.... Bundles of…
Skeletal muscle structure
Muscles are connected to the skeleton by tendons.... Bundles of…
The sarcomere
Muscle
Sternocleidomastoid
Trapezius
Inferior Rectus
Lateral Rectus
Attaches to sternum and mastoid process Origin - Sternum Inse…
Origin - Vertebra Cervical and Thoracic Insertion - Clavicle
Origin - Tendinous ring Insertion - Sclera
Origin - Tendinous ring Insertion - Sclera 2
Sternocleidomastoid
Attaches to sternum and mastoid process Origin - Sternum Inse…
Trapezius
Origin - Vertebra Cervical and Thoracic Insertion - Clavicle
16 terms
Muscle
Muscle Fiber
Fascicle
Myofibril
Motor Neuron
individual skeletal muscle cells
Bundles of muscle fiber
Bundles of protein filaments with the muscle fibers
Carry information from the central nervous system to muscles…
Muscle Fiber
individual skeletal muscle cells
Fascicle
Bundles of muscle fiber
27 terms
Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
Myofiber
Muscle cell
Muscle Fascicle
Striated; voluntary w/ some involuntary reflex
Each fiber (cell) is actually an elongate, multi-nucleate syn…
Fiber is surrounded by ENDOMYSIUM of external lamina plus ret…
Functionally coordinated gorup of myofibers surrounded by a t…
Skeletal Muscle
Striated; voluntary w/ some involuntary reflex
Myofiber
Each fiber (cell) is actually an elongate, multi-nucleate syn…
22 terms
Muscle
Titin
Nebulin
Alpha-actinin
Tropomodulin
--> anchors myosin to Z line... --> stabalizes yhe centering of…
--> anchors actin to z-line... --> attached to z-line... --> elonga…
--> anchors actin to z-line... --> arranges actin in parallel bu…
--> caps free end of actin to regulate its length... --> protein
Titin
--> anchors myosin to Z line... --> stabalizes yhe centering of…
Nebulin
--> anchors actin to z-line... --> attached to z-line... --> elonga…
muscle
What is an oxygen deficit?
The refractory period
Positively charged
Tetanus of a muscle is caused by
after exercise, the oxygen taken in that exceeds the oxygen r…
The amount of time it takes for an excitable membrane to be r…
The outside of the resting plasma membrane is _____ relative…
high calcium ion concentrations in the sarcoplasm
What is an oxygen deficit?
after exercise, the oxygen taken in that exceeds the oxygen r…
The refractory period
The amount of time it takes for an excitable membrane to be r…
21 terms
Muscle
Tetanus
Basic Functions of Muscles
Types of Muscle
Basic Properties of Skeletal Muscles
Constant muscle stimulation, can't relax. ... ALSO... A bacteria (c…
MSSG ... Movement (origin-across joint-to insertion)... Stabilize (…
Smooth, Skeletal and Cardiac.
Electrical Excitability - change in ions... Contractility - movi…
Tetanus
Constant muscle stimulation, can't relax. ... ALSO... A bacteria (c…
Basic Functions of Muscles
MSSG ... Movement (origin-across joint-to insertion)... Stabilize (…
58 terms
Muscle
tension develops, no shortening is __…
tension develops, shortening; tension…
tension develops, shortening is __ dyn…
tension maintained, lengthing is __ dy…
isometric; tendons are stretching
isotonic; "same tome"
concentric dynamic
eccentric dynamic; when drop a weight
tension develops, no shortening is __…
isometric; tendons are stretching
tension develops, shortening; tension…
isotonic; "same tome"
muscle
Tendon
Fascia
Ligament
Origin
attaches muscle to bone
encloses muscles and separates them into groups
attaches bone to bone or bone to cartilage
the less movable of the two points of attachment... attaches to…
Tendon
attaches muscle to bone
Fascia
encloses muscles and separates them into groups
38 terms
Muscle
Types of Muscle
Where is muscle derived from?
Smooth Muscle-Location and Organization
Smooth Muscle Shape
Smooth: involuntary, weak and slow contractions... Skeletal: Vol…
Muscle comes from mesoderm.... Mesoderm --> Mesenchyme --> Muscle
Smooth muscle is located in all tubular organs -->Blood vesse…
Fusiform shape, centrally located nucleus. When the cells con…
Types of Muscle
Smooth: involuntary, weak and slow contractions... Skeletal: Vol…
Where is muscle derived from?
Muscle comes from mesoderm.... Mesoderm --> Mesenchyme --> Muscle
45 terms
Muscle
Orbicularis Oculi
Orbicularis Oris
Masseter
Temporalis
Blinking, Squinting
Kissing, whistling
Elevates Mandible
Elevates/ Retracts Mandible
Orbicularis Oculi
Blinking, Squinting
Orbicularis Oris
Kissing, whistling
muscle
anterior deltoid
pectorials major
bicep
wrist flexors
Shoulder Flexiontpo
Can be strenghened by performing bench presses and or pushups
The muscle that flexes and supinates the forearm and covers t…
Muscle that causes flexion at the wrist
anterior deltoid
Shoulder Flexiontpo
pectorials major
Can be strenghened by performing bench presses and or pushups
Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Muscle Fiber
Muscular System
Myofibril
is involuntary, striated muscle that is found in the walls an…
in Medicine Expand. muscle fiber n. A cylindrical multinuclea…
The muscular system is an organ system consisting of skeletal…
any of the elongated contractile threads found in striated mu…
Cardiac Muscle
is involuntary, striated muscle that is found in the walls an…
Muscle Fiber
in Medicine Expand. muscle fiber n. A cylindrical multinuclea…
Muscle
Epimysium
Perimysium
Endomysium
What are the three layers of the Fasica?
the outer layer which covers the entire muscle
surrounds the bundles of fibers or fascicles
the layer of fascia that surrounds the individual muscle fibers
epimysium, perimysium, and endomysium
Epimysium
the outer layer which covers the entire muscle
Perimysium
surrounds the bundles of fibers or fascicles
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