Study sets matching "muscles joints"

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Study sets matching "muscles joints"

49 terms
Muscles and Joints
force
a
b
parallel muscles
When we are looking at the (blank) a muscle can produce... ◦corr…
• Muscle fascicies run parallel to axis of muscle... • Tendon on…
force
When we are looking at the (blank) a muscle can produce... ◦corr…
a
54 terms
muscles and joints
adhesive capsulitis
ankyl/o
spondyl/o
itis
stiffness of the shoulder "Frozen shoulder"
stiff
spine; vertebra
inflammation
adhesive capsulitis
stiffness of the shoulder "Frozen shoulder"
ankyl/o
stiff
103 terms
Muscles and Joints
erector spinae
Platysm
Flexion
Opposition
origin: iliac crest, sacrum, and lumbar vertabrae... insertion:…
origin: fascia of the deltoids and pectorals... insertion: mandi…
Decreases the angle between articulating bones
The movement of the thumb along the palm
erector spinae
origin: iliac crest, sacrum, and lumbar vertabrae... insertion:…
Platysm
origin: fascia of the deltoids and pectorals... insertion: mandi…
26 terms
Joints and muscles
Joint
Two kinds of joints
Immovable joints
Movable joints
a place where two bones meet
moveable and immovable
found where bones have fused together
allow for some kind of movement between the two bones
Joint
a place where two bones meet
Two kinds of joints
moveable and immovable
Muscles and Joints (Movement of Joints)
Flexion
Extension
Abduction
Adduction
A bending motion. It decreases the angle between two bones.
A straightening motion. It increases the angle between two bo…
Movement of a bone away from the midline of the body
Movement of a bone toward the midline of the body
Flexion
A bending motion. It decreases the angle between two bones.
Extension
A straightening motion. It increases the angle between two bo…
Muscles and Joints
bucc/o
dors/o
fasci/o
-graphy
cheek
back
band of fibrous tissue
process of recording
bucc/o
cheek
dors/o
back
Muscles and Joints (Classification of Joints)
Fibrous joint
Cartilaginous Joint
Synovial Joint
Hinge Joint
The surface of the bones fit closely together and are held to…
The bones are connected by cartilage, as in the symphysis (jo…
The bones have a space between them called the joint cavity.…
Allows movement in one direction - a back and forth type of m…
Fibrous joint
The surface of the bones fit closely together and are held to…
Cartilaginous Joint
The bones are connected by cartilage, as in the symphysis (jo…
53 terms
Muscles & Joints
Skeletal Muscle connective tissue layers
muscle fiber
fassicle
tendon
1. Epimyseum- outer isolates entire mucle ... 2. perimysium- fas…
cell
groupings of fibers
attaches muscle to periosteum of bone, many Sharpey's anchor…
Skeletal Muscle connective tissue layers
1. Epimyseum- outer isolates entire mucle ... 2. perimysium- fas…
muscle fiber
cell
Muscles and Joints (Vocabulary of Joints)
abduction
adduction
arthralgia
articular cartilage
Movement of a bone away from the midline of the body
Movement of a bone toward the midline of the body
Joint pain
Thin layer of cartilage protecting and covering the connectin…
abduction
Movement of a bone away from the midline of the body
adduction
Movement of a bone toward the midline of the body
10 terms
Joints/Muscles
Ball and Socket
Gliding
Hinge
Pivot
Shoulder, Hips
Wrist, Carpals, Tarsals, Ankle
Elbows, Knees
Neck, Forearm
Ball and Socket
Shoulder, Hips
Gliding
Wrist, Carpals, Tarsals, Ankle
Muscles & Joints
Mechanical Energy
Smooth Muscle Tissue
Cardiac Muscle Tissue
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
Movement, contracting & relaxing
Found in the walls of all your hollow visceral organs, like s…
Cells divide & converge, one nucleus per cell, striated, with…
Long multinucleate parallel cells, striations (fine black lin…
Mechanical Energy
Movement, contracting & relaxing
Smooth Muscle Tissue
Found in the walls of all your hollow visceral organs, like s…
20 terms
joints, muscles
an immovable joint
a slightly movable joint
a freely movable joint
synchondrosis
synarthrosis
amphiarthrosis
Diathrosis
Cartilaginous Joint. Connecting material: hylaline cartilage;…
an immovable joint
synarthrosis
a slightly movable joint
amphiarthrosis
Muscles & Joints
Muscle Tissue
Function of Muscular Tissue
Properties of Muscular Tissue
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
Skeletal ... Cardiac... Smooth... Makes up nearly half our body weight
Movement: Body parts and body contents... Control of body openin…
Electrical excitably: can respond to certain stimuli by produ…
Makes up 40% of body weight... Voluntary... Attched to bone... Skeleta…
Muscle Tissue
Skeletal ... Cardiac... Smooth... Makes up nearly half our body weight
Function of Muscular Tissue
Movement: Body parts and body contents... Control of body openin…
111 terms
Chapter 7 Muscles and Joints
striated
smooth muscle
cardiac muscle
muscle fibers
having a striped appearance
also known as Visceral; found in the walls of hollow organs
specialized type of muscle found in the wall of the heart
individual muscle cells
striated
having a striped appearance
smooth muscle
also known as Visceral; found in the walls of hollow organs
joints/muscles
synathrosis
Amphionthrosis
diarthrosis
fibrous joint
immovable ... -made up of fibrous and ligamentous structure
slight movement... -made up of cartilaginous structure
freely moving... -made up of synovial structure
-held together by fibrous connective tissue... - No joint cavity…
synathrosis
immovable ... -made up of fibrous and ligamentous structure
Amphionthrosis
slight movement... -made up of cartilaginous structure
Muscles & Joints
Buccinator
Depressor anguli oris
Frontalis
Masseter
(head, face & neck)
(head, face & neck)
(head, face & neck)
(head, face & neck)
Buccinator
(head, face & neck)
Depressor anguli oris
(head, face & neck)
Muscles and Joints
Skeletal muscles
Voluntary muscles
Striated muscles
Contracts
Attach to the bones of the skeleton
Operate under conscious control
Skeletal muscles; have a striped appearance under the microsc…
Shortens
Skeletal muscles
Attach to the bones of the skeleton
Voluntary muscles
Operate under conscious control
96 terms
joints and muscles
fibrous
cartilaginous
synovial
architecture of a synovial joint
synarthroses- do not move at all
amphiarthroses- move a little
diarthroses- move freely
cartilage... joint cavity... joint capsule... synovial membrane synovi…
fibrous
synarthroses- do not move at all
cartilaginous
amphiarthroses- move a little
14 terms
Joints and Muscles
joint
cushion
cartilage
flexible
a connection between two bones in your body
to protect with something soft
a flexible tissue that cushions the joints where your bones m…
bendable
joint
a connection between two bones in your body
cushion
to protect with something soft
Joints And Muscles
Annular Ligament
Radial Collateral Ligament
Ulnar Collateral Ligament
Coracoacromion Ligament
Wraps around the Radial Head
Connects Radius to Humerus... Like a "V"
Connects Ulna to Humerus ... Medial side
Connects Coracoid Process and Acromial Process... "Bridge" "C"
Annular Ligament
Wraps around the Radial Head
Radial Collateral Ligament
Connects Radius to Humerus... Like a "V"
Muscles and Joints
Quadratus lumborum
Erector spinae
Transverse abdominis
Serratus anterior
Quadratus lumborum
Erector spinae
Joints and Muscles
Fibrous Joint (3 examples)
Cartilaginous Joint (3 examples)
Synovial Joint
Joint capsule
tight inflexible joint bound by ligaments, found where streng…
very little movement allowed, bound by cartilage. Called sync…
free moving joint, articular surfaces are coated with hyaline…
Contains a synovial joint, bound by a membraneous tissue and…
Fibrous Joint (3 examples)
tight inflexible joint bound by ligaments, found where streng…
Cartilaginous Joint (3 examples)
very little movement allowed, bound by cartilage. Called sync…
61 terms
joints and muscles
articular cartilage
humerus
raidus
ulna
on end of bones where they touch
bone connected to shoulder and elbow joints
bone that rotates when hand is supinated ... lateral
bone that stays still when hand is supinated... medial
articular cartilage
on end of bones where they touch
humerus
bone connected to shoulder and elbow joints
122 terms
Muscles and Joints
occipitofrontalis (frontal belly)
occipitofrontalis (occipital belly)
epicranial aponeurosis
orbicularis oculi
forehead muscle
back of head muscle
tendon connecting frontal and occipital belly of occipitofron…
eye muscle
occipitofrontalis (frontal belly)
forehead muscle
occipitofrontalis (occipital belly)
back of head muscle
The Joints and muscles
Fibrous Joint
Cartilaginous Joints
Synovial Joints
Fibrous Capsule
Little to no movement. Skull, teeth. (Structural Class)
Limited movement. Intervertebral discs, pubic symphysis (Stru…
Synovial Cavity. Greatest amount of movement. Most abundant j…
Outer layer of the articular capsule
Fibrous Joint
Little to no movement. Skull, teeth. (Structural Class)
Cartilaginous Joints
Limited movement. Intervertebral discs, pubic symphysis (Stru…
128 terms
Joints and muscles
Anterior cruciate ligament
Posterior cruciate ligament
Quadriceps tendon
Patellar ligament
Name this ligament no 4
Name this ligament no 5
Name this ligament
Name this ligament
Anterior cruciate ligament
Name this ligament no 4
Posterior cruciate ligament
Name this ligament no 5
60 terms
Muscles and Joints
skeletal muscle
cardiac muscle
arthralgia
smooth muscle aka viceral
individual muscle cells
forms the wall of the heart
join pain
muscles founds in the wall of the hollow organs and tubes... mov…
skeletal muscle
individual muscle cells
cardiac muscle
forms the wall of the heart
13 terms
Joints and Muscles
Abduction
Abduction
Circumduction
Dorsiflexion
movement away from the midline
movement away from the midline
movement at a synovial join in which the distal end of the bo…
bending the foot in the direction of the dorsum (upper surface)
Abduction
movement away from the midline
Abduction
movement away from the midline
40 terms
Muscles and Joints
Neuromuscular System
Musculotendinous Unit
Concentric Contraction
Eccentric Contraction
combination of nervous system and muscles... -referred together…
refers to muscle and tendon
muscle shortens when contracting ... - bicep during flexion of b…
muscle is lengthening while contracting... - biceps during exten…
Neuromuscular System
combination of nervous system and muscles... -referred together…
Musculotendinous Unit
refers to muscle and tendon
83 terms
Joints + Muscles
Synarthrosis
Synarthrosis (fibrous)-suture
Synarthrosis (fibrous)-gomphosis
Synarthrosis (cartilaginous)-synchondr…
Immovable joint, very strong, can be fibrous or cartilaginous
Between bones of skull
Binds teeth to bony sockets
Rigid bridge between two articulating bones
Synarthrosis
Immovable joint, very strong, can be fibrous or cartilaginous
Synarthrosis (fibrous)-suture
Between bones of skull
Joints and Muscles
Classification of Joints
Syndesmoses (Fibrous)
Sutures (Fibrous)
Gomphoses
Fibrous (Synarthroses), Cartilaginous (Amphiarthroses), Synov…
ligaments connect the joint
only in skull
unique to teeth
Classification of Joints
Fibrous (Synarthroses), Cartilaginous (Amphiarthroses), Synov…
Syndesmoses (Fibrous)
ligaments connect the joint
14 terms
Muscles and Joints
bicep brachii
trapezius
rectus abdominus
tricep brachii
elbow
neck
waist
elbow
bicep brachii
elbow
trapezius
neck
38 terms
Muscles and Joints
Immovable Joints
Slightly Movable Joints
Freely Movable Joints
Ligaments
Usually called sutures; joints in which the bones are held fi…
Joints in which the bones are joined by fibrocartilage, as in…
Also known as synovial joints; joints in which the bones are…
Heavy bands of white fibers that bind the bones together at a…
Immovable Joints
Usually called sutures; joints in which the bones are held fi…
Slightly Movable Joints
Joints in which the bones are joined by fibrocartilage, as in…
44 terms
Muscles and Joints
gluteus
quadriceps
arm and hands (flexor and Extensor of…
ankle and feet
Gluteus maximus... Gluteus minimus... Gluteus medius... movement: move…
Vastus lateralis... Rictus femoris... Vastus medialis ... Sartorius... mo…
Flexor pollicis longus ... Flexor digitorium superficials ... Exten…
Extensor digitorium longus ... Flexor hallucis longus... Flexor dig…
gluteus
Gluteus maximus... Gluteus minimus... Gluteus medius... movement: move…
quadriceps
Vastus lateralis... Rictus femoris... Vastus medialis ... Sartorius... mo…
107 terms
joints and muscles
pectoral girdle
pelvic girdle
medial longitudinal arch
lateral longitudinal arch
-sternoclavicular joint ... -only connection between axial and a…
-sacroiliac joint ... -help support abdominal and pelvic organs
pectoral girdle
-sternoclavicular joint ... -only connection between axial and a…
pelvic girdle
-sacroiliac joint ... -help support abdominal and pelvic organs
Muscles and Joints (Vocabulary of Muscles)
arthralgia
atrophy
cardiac muscle
contract/contraction
Pain in the joints; symptoms present in many joint diseases
Wasting away; literally "without development"
Specialized type of muscle that forms the wall of the heart;…
A reduction in size, especially of muscle fibers
arthralgia
Pain in the joints; symptoms present in many joint diseases
atrophy
Wasting away; literally "without development"
76 terms
MUSCLES AND JOINTS
chondr/o
ankyl/o
burs/o
ligament/o
cartilage
stiff
bursa
ligament
chondr/o
cartilage
ankyl/o
stiff
40 terms
Muscles & Joints
Joint Structures
Fibrous
Cartilaginous
Synovial
Fibrous, Cartilaginous, Synovial
Dense connective tissue, no joint cavity. Found in sutures, i…
Cartilage.Synchondrosis (hyaline), found in the ribs.Symphysi…
Joint Cavity, most common
Joint Structures
Fibrous, Cartilaginous, Synovial
Fibrous
Dense connective tissue, no joint cavity. Found in sutures, i…
27 terms
Muscles and Joints
Ball and Socket - Hip and Shoulder
Saddle Joint - Opposing Thumb
Condyloid Joint - Fingers
Pivot Joint - Neck
Ball and Socket - Hip and Shoulder
Saddle Joint - Opposing Thumb
45 terms
Muscles & Joints
Synaethroses
Amphiartroses
Diarthroses
Fibrous
Immovable
Slightly moveable
Freely moveable
Mostly synarthrotic, no joint cavity.
Synaethroses
Immovable
Amphiartroses
Slightly moveable
Joints & Muscles
Orgin
Insertion
Ligament
Tendon
Point of attachment that does not move when the muscle contra…
Point of attachment that moves when the muscle contracts
Connects bone to bone
Connects bone to muscle
Orgin
Point of attachment that does not move when the muscle contra…
Insertion
Point of attachment that moves when the muscle contracts
48 terms
joints/muscles
bony joint/synostosis
cartilaginous joint/amphiarthrosis
synchondrosis
symphysis
gap btwn 2 bones that ossifies into a single bone
2 bones linked by cartilage
bones bound by hyaline cartilage
bones joined by fibrocartilage
bony joint/synostosis
gap btwn 2 bones that ossifies into a single bone
cartilaginous joint/amphiarthrosis
2 bones linked by cartilage
41 terms
Muscles & Joints
Striated Muscle
Muscle Fiber
Myofibrils
Fasciculus
striped, voluntary muscles, all function the same, most used…
range in size, basic unit of muscle contraction, when fibers…
make up muscle fibers, each is surrounded by a membrane to co…
group of myofibrils
Striated Muscle
striped, voluntary muscles, all function the same, most used…
Muscle Fiber
range in size, basic unit of muscle contraction, when fibers…
185 terms
Joints/Muscles
joints are also called ___________ are…
the body contains over ________ joints
the body contains over _____ muscles
the muscles comprise about _____ of an…
articulations
300
600
40%
joints are also called ___________ are…
articulations
the body contains over ________ joints
300
63 terms
Muscles and Joints
What are the three types of muscle tis…
What are ways that the muscle tissue v…
What are the Functions of Muscle?
What are the properties of muscle tiss…
1. Skeletal Muscle Tissue... 2. Smooth Muscle Tissue... 3. Cardiac…
1. Location... 2. Microscopic Anatomy... 3. Neural Control
1. Produce movement... 2. Maintain posture/stabilize joints... 3. G…
1. Electrical Excitability (produces alternating contraction/…
What are the three types of muscle tis…
1. Skeletal Muscle Tissue... 2. Smooth Muscle Tissue... 3. Cardiac…
What are ways that the muscle tissue v…
1. Location... 2. Microscopic Anatomy... 3. Neural Control
Muscles & Joints
Recruitment
Hypertone
2 types of contraction
Isometric
Appropriate amount of muscle fiber to complete a task.
Too much contraction
Isometric... Isotonic
When muscles contract but no movement occurs. Increases fasci…
Recruitment
Appropriate amount of muscle fiber to complete a task.
Hypertone
Too much contraction
12 terms
Joints & muscles
Joints
hinge joints
gliding joints
pivot joints
where 2 bones meet
found in the patella... moves in 1 direction back and forth
found in carpals and tarsels... enables bones to slide over over…
between neck and cranium... moves side to side and up and down... a…
Joints
where 2 bones meet
hinge joints
found in the patella... moves in 1 direction back and forth
Joints muscles
Arthr/o
Ancyl/o
Chondr/o
Sarc/o
Joint
Stiff
Cartilage
Flesh
Arthr/o
Joint
Ancyl/o
Stiff
53 terms
Joints & Muscles
ankyl/o
arthr/o
articul/o
burs/o
stiff
joint
joint
bursa
ankyl/o
stiff
arthr/o
joint
Muscles & Joints
Ankyl/o
Arthr/o... Articul/o
Burs/o
-centesis
Stiff
Joint
Bursa
Surgical procedure
Ankyl/o
Stiff
Arthr/o... Articul/o
Joint
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