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Study sets matching "muscles joints"

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Study sets matching "muscles joints"

29 terms
Muscles & Joints
Muscle Tissue
Function of Muscular Tissue
Properties of Muscular Tissue
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
Skeletal ... Cardiac... Smooth... Makes up nearly half our body weight
Movement: Body parts and body contents... Control of body openin…
Electrical excitably: can respond to certain stimuli by produ…
Makes up 40% of body weight... Voluntary... Attched to bone... Skeleta…
Muscle Tissue
Skeletal ... Cardiac... Smooth... Makes up nearly half our body weight
Function of Muscular Tissue
Movement: Body parts and body contents... Control of body openin…
49 terms
Muscles and Joints
force
a
b
parallel muscles
When we are looking at the (blank) a muscle can produce... ◦corr…
• Muscle fascicies run parallel to axis of muscle... • Tendon on…
force
When we are looking at the (blank) a muscle can produce... ◦corr…
a
54 terms
muscles and joints
adhesive capsulitis
ankyl/o
spondyl/o
itis
stiffness of the shoulder "Frozen shoulder"
stiff
spine; vertebra
inflammation
adhesive capsulitis
stiffness of the shoulder "Frozen shoulder"
ankyl/o
stiff
26 terms
Joints and muscles
Joint
Two kinds of joints
Immovable joints
Movable joints
a place where two bones meet
moveable and immovable
found where bones have fused together
allow for some kind of movement between the two bones
Joint
a place where two bones meet
Two kinds of joints
moveable and immovable
111 terms
Chapter 7 Muscles and Joints
striated
smooth muscle
cardiac muscle
muscle fibers
having a striped appearance
also known as Visceral; found in the walls of hollow organs
specialized type of muscle found in the wall of the heart
individual muscle cells
striated
having a striped appearance
smooth muscle
also known as Visceral; found in the walls of hollow organs
53 terms
Muscles & Joints
Skeletal Muscle connective tissue layers
muscle fiber
fassicle
tendon
1. Epimyseum- outer isolates entire mucle ... 2. perimysium- fas…
cell
groupings of fibers
attaches muscle to periosteum of bone, many Sharpey's anchor…
Skeletal Muscle connective tissue layers
1. Epimyseum- outer isolates entire mucle ... 2. perimysium- fas…
muscle fiber
cell
10 terms
Joints/Muscles
Ball and Socket
Gliding
Hinge
Pivot
Shoulder, Hips
Wrist, Carpals, Tarsals, Ankle
Elbows, Knees
Neck, Forearm
Ball and Socket
Shoulder, Hips
Gliding
Wrist, Carpals, Tarsals, Ankle
40 terms
Muscles & Joints
Joint Structures
Fibrous
Cartilaginous
Synovial
Fibrous, Cartilaginous, Synovial
Dense connective tissue, no joint cavity. Found in sutures, i…
Cartilage.Synchondrosis (hyaline), found in the ribs.Symphysi…
Joint Cavity, most common
Joint Structures
Fibrous, Cartilaginous, Synovial
Fibrous
Dense connective tissue, no joint cavity. Found in sutures, i…
10 terms
Muscles & Joints
Mechanical Energy
Smooth Muscle Tissue
Cardiac Muscle Tissue
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
Movement, contracting & relaxing
Found in the walls of all your hollow visceral organs, like s…
Cells divide & converge, one nucleus per cell, striated, with…
Long multinucleate parallel cells, striations (fine black lin…
Mechanical Energy
Movement, contracting & relaxing
Smooth Muscle Tissue
Found in the walls of all your hollow visceral organs, like s…
20 terms
joints, muscles
an immovable joint
a slightly movable joint
a freely movable joint
synchondrosis
synarthrosis
amphiarthrosis
Diathrosis
Cartilaginous Joint. Connecting material: hylaline cartilage;…
an immovable joint
synarthrosis
a slightly movable joint
amphiarthrosis
101 terms
Muscles and joints
Fasicles
Fascia
Z Disc
Myosin
Muscle fibers are packed in bundles called what?
What is the outermost covering of a muscle that connects to t…
Each end of a sarcomere is marked by what?
The thick myofilament in a muscle fiber is what
Fasicles
Muscle fibers are packed in bundles called what?
Fascia
What is the outermost covering of a muscle that connects to t…
62 terms
Joints and Muscles
Synarthrosis
Types of synarthrosis joints
Amphiarthrosis
Types of amphiarthrosis joints
An immobile or essentially immobile joint
-Suture... -Gomphosis... -Synchondrosis... -Synostosis
Limited movement of joint
-Syndesmosis... -Synchondrosis... -Symphysis
Synarthrosis
An immobile or essentially immobile joint
Types of synarthrosis joints
-Suture... -Gomphosis... -Synchondrosis... -Synostosis
joints/muscles
synathrosis
Amphionthrosis
diarthrosis
fibrous joint
immovable ... -made up of fibrous and ligamentous structure
slight movement... -made up of cartilaginous structure
freely moving... -made up of synovial structure
-held together by fibrous connective tissue... - No joint cavity…
synathrosis
immovable ... -made up of fibrous and ligamentous structure
Amphionthrosis
slight movement... -made up of cartilaginous structure
110 terms
Muscles and joints
suture (skull), syndesmosis (fibrous t…
fibrous, cartilaginous, synovial
hyaline cartilage between bones, often…
wedge of fibro cartilage between layer…
fibrous joint types
Joint types
primary cartilaginous joint
secondary cartilaginous/symphysis joint and location
suture (skull), syndesmosis (fibrous t…
fibrous joint types
fibrous, cartilaginous, synovial
Joint types
65 terms
Muscles & Joints
Buccinator
Depressor anguli oris
Frontalis
Masseter
(head, face & neck)
(head, face & neck)
(head, face & neck)
(head, face & neck)
Buccinator
(head, face & neck)
Depressor anguli oris
(head, face & neck)
60 terms
Muscles and Joints
skeletal muscle
cardiac muscle
arthralgia
smooth muscle aka viceral
individual muscle cells
forms the wall of the heart
join pain
muscles founds in the wall of the hollow organs and tubes... mov…
skeletal muscle
individual muscle cells
cardiac muscle
forms the wall of the heart
83 terms
Joints + Muscles
Synarthrosis
Synarthrosis (fibrous)-suture
Synarthrosis (fibrous)-gomphosis
Synarthrosis (cartilaginous)-synchondr…
Immovable joint, very strong, can be fibrous or cartilaginous
Between bones of skull
Binds teeth to bony sockets
Rigid bridge between two articulating bones
Synarthrosis
Immovable joint, very strong, can be fibrous or cartilaginous
Synarthrosis (fibrous)-suture
Between bones of skull
96 terms
joints and muscles
fibrous
cartilaginous
synovial
architecture of a synovial joint
synarthroses- do not move at all
amphiarthroses- move a little
diarthroses- move freely
cartilage... joint cavity... joint capsule... synovial membrane synovi…
fibrous
synarthroses- do not move at all
cartilaginous
amphiarthroses- move a little
41 terms
Muscles and Joints
Skeletal muscles
Voluntary muscles
Striated muscles
Contracts
Attach to the bones of the skeleton
Operate under conscious control
Skeletal muscles; have a striped appearance under the microsc…
Shortens
Skeletal muscles
Attach to the bones of the skeleton
Voluntary muscles
Operate under conscious control
76 terms
MUSCLES AND JOINTS
chondr/o
ankyl/o
burs/o
ligament/o
cartilage
stiff
bursa
ligament
chondr/o
cartilage
ankyl/o
stiff
31 terms
Joints And Muscles
Annular Ligament
Radial Collateral Ligament
Ulnar Collateral Ligament
Coracoacromion Ligament
Wraps around the Radial Head
Connects Radius to Humerus... Like a "V"
Connects Ulna to Humerus ... Medial side
Connects Coracoid Process and Acromial Process... "Bridge" "C"
Annular Ligament
Wraps around the Radial Head
Radial Collateral Ligament
Connects Radius to Humerus... Like a "V"
14 terms
Joints and Muscles
joint
cushion
cartilage
flexible
a connection between two bones in your body
to protect with something soft
a flexible tissue that cushions the joints where your bones m…
bendable
joint
a connection between two bones in your body
cushion
to protect with something soft
135 terms
Muscles and Joints
Quadratus lumborum
Erector spinae
Transverse abdominis
Serratus anterior
Quadratus lumborum
Erector spinae
109 terms
muscles and joints
206
5 roles of bones
shapes of bones
long bone
# of bones in the body
support... protect... attachment for muscles(movement)... reservoir... bl…
long(humerus)... short(wrist)... flat(ribs)... irregular(vertebrae)... se…
206
# of bones in the body
5 roles of bones
support... protect... attachment for muscles(movement)... reservoir... bl…
13 terms
Muscles and Joints
bucc/o
dors/o
fasci/o
-graphy
cheek
back
band of fibrous tissue
process of recording
bucc/o
cheek
dors/o
back
32 terms
Muscles and Joints (Vocabulary of Joints)
abduction
adduction
arthralgia
articular cartilage
Movement of a bone away from the midline of the body
Movement of a bone toward the midline of the body
Joint pain
Thin layer of cartilage protecting and covering the connectin…
abduction
Movement of a bone away from the midline of the body
adduction
Movement of a bone toward the midline of the body
10 terms
Joints and Muscles
Fibrous Joint (3 examples)
Cartilaginous Joint (3 examples)
Synovial Joint
Joint capsule
tight inflexible joint bound by ligaments, found where streng…
very little movement allowed, bound by cartilage. Called sync…
free moving joint, articular surfaces are coated with hyaline…
Contains a synovial joint, bound by a membraneous tissue and…
Fibrous Joint (3 examples)
tight inflexible joint bound by ligaments, found where streng…
Cartilaginous Joint (3 examples)
very little movement allowed, bound by cartilage. Called sync…
61 terms
joints and muscles
articular cartilage
humerus
raidus
ulna
on end of bones where they touch
bone connected to shoulder and elbow joints
bone that rotates when hand is supinated ... lateral
bone that stays still when hand is supinated... medial
articular cartilage
on end of bones where they touch
humerus
bone connected to shoulder and elbow joints
51 terms
Muscles and Joints
skeletal muscle
cardiac muscle
arthralgia
atrophy
attached to the bone of the skeleton.
forms of the wall of the heart
pain in joint
wasting away ... Decrease in muscle size
skeletal muscle
attached to the bone of the skeleton.
cardiac muscle
forms of the wall of the heart
122 terms
Muscles and Joints
occipitofrontalis (frontal belly)
occipitofrontalis (occipital belly)
epicranial aponeurosis
orbicularis oculi
forehead muscle
back of head muscle
tendon connecting frontal and occipital belly of occipitofron…
eye muscle
occipitofrontalis (frontal belly)
forehead muscle
occipitofrontalis (occipital belly)
back of head muscle
90 terms
The Joints and muscles
Fibrous Joint
Cartilaginous Joints
Synovial Joints
Fibrous Capsule
Little to no movement. Skull, teeth. (Structural Class)
Limited movement. Intervertebral discs, pubic symphysis (Stru…
Synovial Cavity. Greatest amount of movement. Most abundant j…
Outer layer of the articular capsule
Fibrous Joint
Little to no movement. Skull, teeth. (Structural Class)
Cartilaginous Joints
Limited movement. Intervertebral discs, pubic symphysis (Stru…
128 terms
Joints and muscles
Anterior cruciate ligament
Posterior cruciate ligament
Quadriceps tendon
Patellar ligament
Name this ligament no 4
Name this ligament no 5
Name this ligament
Name this ligament
Anterior cruciate ligament
Name this ligament no 4
Posterior cruciate ligament
Name this ligament no 5
13 terms
Joints and Muscles
Abduction
Abduction
Circumduction
Dorsiflexion
movement away from the midline
movement away from the midline
movement at a synovial join in which the distal end of the bo…
bending the foot in the direction of the dorsum (upper surface)
Abduction
movement away from the midline
Abduction
movement away from the midline
40 terms
Muscles and Joints
Neuromuscular System
Musculotendinous Unit
Concentric Contraction
Eccentric Contraction
combination of nervous system and muscles... -referred together…
refers to muscle and tendon
muscle shortens when contracting ... - bicep during flexion of b…
muscle is lengthening while contracting... - biceps during exten…
Neuromuscular System
combination of nervous system and muscles... -referred together…
Musculotendinous Unit
refers to muscle and tendon
115 terms
Joints and muscle
Joint
Classification of joints is based on
Three groups of joints
Fibrous joints are united by
union between two bones
the way two bones are held together
fibrous, cartilaginous, synovial
collagen
Joint
union between two bones
Classification of joints is based on
the way two bones are held together
60 terms
Joints and Muscles
Classification of Joints
Syndesmoses (Fibrous)
Sutures (Fibrous)
Gomphoses
Fibrous (Synarthroses), Cartilaginous (Amphiarthroses), Synov…
ligaments connect the joint
only in skull
unique to teeth
Classification of Joints
Fibrous (Synarthroses), Cartilaginous (Amphiarthroses), Synov…
Syndesmoses (Fibrous)
ligaments connect the joint
44 terms
Muscles and Joints
gluteus
quadriceps
arm and hands (flexor and Extensor of…
ankle and feet
Gluteus maximus... Gluteus minimus... Gluteus medius... movement: move…
Vastus lateralis... Rictus femoris... Vastus medialis ... Sartorius... mo…
Flexor pollicis longus ... Flexor digitorium superficials ... Exten…
Extensor digitorium longus ... Flexor hallucis longus... Flexor dig…
gluteus
Gluteus maximus... Gluteus minimus... Gluteus medius... movement: move…
quadriceps
Vastus lateralis... Rictus femoris... Vastus medialis ... Sartorius... mo…
107 terms
joints and muscles
pectoral girdle
pelvic girdle
medial longitudinal arch
lateral longitudinal arch
-sternoclavicular joint ... -only connection between axial and a…
-sacroiliac joint ... -help support abdominal and pelvic organs
pectoral girdle
-sternoclavicular joint ... -only connection between axial and a…
pelvic girdle
-sacroiliac joint ... -help support abdominal and pelvic organs
14 terms
Muscles and Joints
bicep brachii
trapezius
rectus abdominus
tricep brachii
elbow
neck
waist
elbow
bicep brachii
elbow
trapezius
neck
10 terms
Muscles and Joints (Movement of Joints)
Flexion
Extension
Abduction
Adduction
A bending motion. It decreases the angle between two bones.
A straightening motion. It increases the angle between two bo…
Movement of a bone away from the midline of the body
Movement of a bone toward the midline of the body
Flexion
A bending motion. It decreases the angle between two bones.
Extension
A straightening motion. It increases the angle between two bo…
8 terms
Muscles and Joints
inspiration
musculovenous pump
expiration
3 layers of vessels
diaphragm pushed downwards, IVC shortens, blood gets chance t…
musculovenous pump Milking the blood towards the heart with m…
SVC shortens, IVC lengthens, blood into the heart and at the…
intima, media, adventitia (own blood supply)
inspiration
diaphragm pushed downwards, IVC shortens, blood gets chance t…
musculovenous pump
musculovenous pump Milking the blood towards the heart with m…
27 terms
Muscles and Joints
Ball and Socket - Hip and Shoulder
Saddle Joint - Opposing Thumb
Condyloid Joint - Fingers
Pivot Joint - Neck
Ball and Socket - Hip and Shoulder
Saddle Joint - Opposing Thumb
24 terms
muscles and joints
what are the movements in the wrist?
what are the muscles in the wrist that…
what are the muscles in the wrist that…
what are the movements in the Radio -…
flexion and extension
Wrist flexors
wrist extensors
Pronation and suprination
what are the movements in the wrist?
flexion and extension
what are the muscles in the wrist that…
Wrist flexors
30 terms
muscles and joints
what are the movements in the wrist?
what are the muscles in the wrist that…
what are the muscles in the wrist that…
what are the movements in the Radio -…
flexion and extension
Wrist flexors
wrist extensors
Pronation and suprination
what are the movements in the wrist?
flexion and extension
what are the muscles in the wrist that…
Wrist flexors
63 terms
Muscles and Joints
What are the three types of muscle tis…
What are ways that the muscle tissue v…
What are the Functions of Muscle?
What are the properties of muscle tiss…
1. Skeletal Muscle Tissue... 2. Smooth Muscle Tissue... 3. Cardiac…
1. Location... 2. Microscopic Anatomy... 3. Neural Control
1. Produce movement... 2. Maintain posture/stabilize joints... 3. G…
1. Electrical Excitability (produces alternating contraction/…
What are the three types of muscle tis…
1. Skeletal Muscle Tissue... 2. Smooth Muscle Tissue... 3. Cardiac…
What are ways that the muscle tissue v…
1. Location... 2. Microscopic Anatomy... 3. Neural Control
38 terms
Muscles and Joints
Immovable Joints
Slightly Movable Joints
Freely Movable Joints
Ligaments
Usually called sutures; joints in which the bones are held fi…
Joints in which the bones are joined by fibrocartilage, as in…
Also known as synovial joints; joints in which the bones are…
Heavy bands of white fibers that bind the bones together at a…
Immovable Joints
Usually called sutures; joints in which the bones are held fi…
Slightly Movable Joints
Joints in which the bones are joined by fibrocartilage, as in…
185 terms
Joints/Muscles
joints are also called ___________ are…
the body contains over ________ joints
the body contains over _____ muscles
the muscles comprise about _____ of an…
articulations
300
600
40%
joints are also called ___________ are…
articulations
the body contains over ________ joints
300
9 terms
Joints, Muscles
Ligaments
Synarthrodial joints
Diarthrodial joints
Classifying joints by movement
Made of collagen, they make sure the bones are correctly alig…
Connections between bones that resist movement. Cartilaginous…
A freely moveable joint. Bone surfaces are covered in hyaline…
Gliding/moving through 2 planes (hand), uniaxial (elbow), bia…
Ligaments
Made of collagen, they make sure the bones are correctly alig…
Synarthrodial joints
Connections between bones that resist movement. Cartilaginous…
9 terms
Joints/muscles
3 types of joints
Ball and socket joints
Hinge joint
Pivot joint
Ball and socket... Hinge... Pivot
Allows movement in all directions ( shoulder,hip)
Allows movement in one direction (elbow)
Allows turning frome side to side (skull,axis)
3 types of joints
Ball and socket... Hinge... Pivot
Ball and socket joints
Allows movement in all directions ( shoulder,hip)
26 terms
Joints/muscles
Types of joints
Gliding
Hinge
Pivot
Gliding... Hinge... Pivot... Condyloid ... Saddle... Ball & socket
-Flat articulating surfaces ... -Side to side & back and & fourt…
-Convex surface of one bone fits into concave surface of anot…
Allows rotation-head of radius
Types of joints
Gliding... Hinge... Pivot... Condyloid ... Saddle... Ball & socket
Gliding
-Flat articulating surfaces ... -Side to side & back and & fourt…
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