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Study sets matching "muscular system anatomy physiology"

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Study sets matching "muscular system anatomy physiology"

10 terms
Anatomy and Physiology, Muscular System
Bicep
Tricep
Pectorals
Abdominals
This muscle is located on the front of the upper arm.
This muscle is located on the back of the upper arm.
These muscles are located at the front of the chest.
These muscles are in the middle of the body below the pectora…
Bicep
This muscle is located on the front of the upper arm.
Tricep
This muscle is located on the back of the upper arm.
31 terms
Anatomy and Physiology : Muscular System
Endomysium
Epimysium
perimysium
fascicle
skin around single muscle fiber ( between fibers)
connective tissue inciting the entire muscle.
connective tissue surronding a fascicle
A discrete bundle of muscle cells
Endomysium
skin around single muscle fiber ( between fibers)
Epimysium
connective tissue inciting the entire muscle.
72 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular System
Orbicularis Oculi
Orbicularis Oris
Temporalis
Masseter
Closes eye
Closes lips
Elevates mandible
Elevates mandible
Orbicularis Oculi
Closes eye
Orbicularis Oris
Closes lips
145 terms
Muscular System: Anatomy and Physiology
Muscle organization affects?
Fascicles:
Classification of skeletal muscles is…
Four patterns of fascicle organization…
Power, range and speed of muscle movement
Muscle cell (fibers) that are organized in bundles.
The way fascicles are organized and by relationships of fasci…
1. Parallel... 2. Convergent... 3. Pennate ... 4. Circular
Muscle organization affects?
Power, range and speed of muscle movement
Fascicles:
Muscle cell (fibers) that are organized in bundles.
44 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Muscular System
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
Produce movement, maintain posture, st…
Sacromere
Smooth Muscle
3 Basic Muscle Types:
Function of Skeletal Muscles
Contractile unit of a muscle fiber.
Uni-nucleate, involuntary, no striations.
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
3 Basic Muscle Types:
Produce movement, maintain posture, st…
Function of Skeletal Muscles
65 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Muscular System
frontal belly
occipital belly
epicranial aponeurosis
orbicularis oculi
frontal belly
occipital belly
81 terms
Anatomy & Physiology of the Muscular System
Abduction
Adduction
Actin
Acetylcholine
movement of the limb or structure away from the median plane…
movement of the limb or structure toward the median plane of…
thin protein filament
neurotransmitter used during neuromuscular junction
Abduction
movement of the limb or structure away from the median plane…
Adduction
movement of the limb or structure toward the median plane of…
48 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Muscular System
Sarcolemma
Myofibrils, Transverse Tubules, Sarcop…
Transverse Tubules and Sarcoplasmic re…
Myofibrils
Cell membrane that encloses each muscle cell
All of these are organelles of the sarcoplasm
Store and release calcium ions
Cylindrical organelles that make up about 80% of fiber's volume
Sarcolemma
Cell membrane that encloses each muscle cell
Myofibrils, Transverse Tubules, Sarcop…
All of these are organelles of the sarcoplasm
15 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular system
Muscular system
Things muscle cells must exhibit (CECEE)
Muscle cells ( REMEMBER HER PICTURE)
Muscle cross Section (LOOK AT HER PICT…
Group of cells working together... - striated skeletal... - smooth…
1. Excitability... --ability to respond to stimulus. If voltage…
-Muscle Tissue made up of many muscle cells... -- EX: Tendon con…
Her picture is a cross section of muscle cell... --Epimysium- Co…
Muscular system
Group of cells working together... - striated skeletal... - smooth…
Things muscle cells must exhibit (CECEE)
1. Excitability... --ability to respond to stimulus. If voltage…
Muscular System (Anatomy and Physiology)
Frontalis
Orbicularis Oculi
Zygomaticus Major
Zygomaticus Minor
Action: elevation of eyebrows... creases skin of forehead... moves…
Action: Closes eyelids (blink/wink)... Origin: Frontal bone... Max…
Action: Elevation of corner of mouth (smile)... Origin: Zygomat…
Action: Elevation of upper lip... Produces nasolabial furrow... Or…
Frontalis
Action: elevation of eyebrows... creases skin of forehead... moves…
Orbicularis Oculi
Action: Closes eyelids (blink/wink)... Origin: Frontal bone... Max…
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular system
Frontalis
Orbicularis oris
Orbicularis oculi
Occipitofrontalis
Frontalis
Orbicularis oris
44 terms
*Anatomy & Physiology of the Muscular System
*type of muscle that has striations an…
least moveable attachment of a muscle…
ability of muscle to stretch without h…
*rhythmic contractions and relaxations…
cardiac... striated... smooth... cardiac
origin... insertion
plasticity
peristalsis
*type of muscle that has striations an…
cardiac... striated... smooth... cardiac
least moveable attachment of a muscle…
origin... insertion
39 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Muscular System
Abduction
Adduction
Actin
Acetylcholine
movement of the limb or structure away from the median plane…
movement of the limb or structure toward the median plane of…
thin protein filament
neurotransmitter used during neuromuscular junction
Abduction
movement of the limb or structure away from the median plane…
Adduction
movement of the limb or structure toward the median plane of…
59 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Muscular System
skeletal
smooth
cardiac
striations
muscle tissue that is attached to bones, contains striated ce…
muscle tissue that is involuntary; doesn't contain striated c…
muscle tissue that is involuntary and contains striated cells…
stripes in the skeletal and cardiac tissues that cause muscle…
skeletal
muscle tissue that is attached to bones, contains striated ce…
smooth
muscle tissue that is involuntary; doesn't contain striated c…
25 terms
RHS Anatomy & Physiology: Muscular System
functions of muscles
properties of muscles
regulatory proteins of muscle
structural proteins of muscle
movement, maintain positions, moving and storing substances,…
electrical excitability, contractility, elasticity, and exten…
troponin and tropomyosin
dystrophin, myomesin, and titan
functions of muscles
movement, maintain positions, moving and storing substances,…
properties of muscles
electrical excitability, contractility, elasticity, and exten…
58 terms
Muscular System Anatomy & Physiology
three types of muscle
skeletal muscle characteristic
smooth muscle characteristic
cardiac muscle characteristic
skeletal/striated, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle
striated, and voluntary
involuntary, glistens and is smooth
deals with signals, control centers
three types of muscle
skeletal/striated, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle
skeletal muscle characteristic
striated, and voluntary
15 terms
Muscular System - Anatomy and Physiology
Skeletal Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Sphincter
Attached to bone, striated,and voluntary
Visceral, involuntary, found in digestive uterus and blood ve…
Striated,involuntary, fused cells, branched, found in the heart
Circular,located in urethra,intestines, mouth, anus
Skeletal Muscle
Attached to bone, striated,and voluntary
Smooth Muscle
Visceral, involuntary, found in digestive uterus and blood ve…
60 terms
Anatomy&Physiology Muscular System
Bony Joint/Synostosis
Fibrous Joint/ Synarthrosis
3 kinds of fibrous joints
Amphiarthrosis
an immobile joint formed when the gap between two bones ossif…
which adjacent bones are bound by collagen fibers that emerge…
Sutures, Gomphoses, Syndesmoses. ... In sutures and gomphoses th…
two bones are linked by cartilage
Bony Joint/Synostosis
an immobile joint formed when the gap between two bones ossif…
Fibrous Joint/ Synarthrosis
which adjacent bones are bound by collagen fibers that emerge…
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Muscular System
Functions of skeletal muscle
Gross anatomy
muscle cells
fascicle
movement, maintain posture and body position, support soft ti…
composed of many cells called muscle fibers arranded in budle…
muscle fibers, myofibers
bundle of muscle cell
Functions of skeletal muscle
movement, maintain posture and body position, support soft ti…
Gross anatomy
composed of many cells called muscle fibers arranded in budle…
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular System
Orbicularis Oculi
Orbicularis Oris
Temporalis
Masseter
Closes eye
Closes lips
Elevates mandible
Elevates mandible
Orbicularis Oculi
Closes eye
Orbicularis Oris
Closes lips
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular system
Frontalis
Orbicularis oris
Orbicularis oculi
Masseter
Frontalis
Orbicularis oris
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular System
Adduction
Abduction
Cutaneous Trunci
Masseter
causes skin to twitch
Adduction
Abduction
48 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular System
Temporalis
Occipitalis
Frontalis
Masseter
Elevates mandible
Forehead
Elevates mandible
Temporalis
Elevates mandible
Occipitalis
27 terms
Muscular System: Anatomy and Physiology
Skeletal Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscles
Skeletal Muscle cell is known as
connected to bone... helps with the movement of the body ... volunt…
surrounds various organs and tubes ... blood vessels- lining of…
heart muscle ... involuntary
muscle fiber
Skeletal Muscle
connected to bone... helps with the movement of the body ... volunt…
Smooth Muscle
surrounds various organs and tubes ... blood vessels- lining of…
28 terms
muscular system anatomy and physiology
muscle in the human body
skeleton muscle function
muscle contraction
types of muscle contractions
skeletal-connected to bone, responsible for moving the skelet…
muscles pull on bones to allow movement (producing force)... mai…
provide the basis for all human movement
static/isometric... eccentric (lengthening) ... concentric (shorten…
muscle in the human body
skeletal-connected to bone, responsible for moving the skelet…
skeleton muscle function
muscles pull on bones to allow movement (producing force)... mai…
53 terms
Anatomy and physiology- muscular system
Myology
Muscular system
Number of muscles in the body
Types of muscle tissue
The study of The nature, structure, function, and diseases of…
Covers, shapes, and supports the skeletal tissue. Contains fi…
630, which accounts for approximately 40% of the body's weigh…
Striated muscles, non-striated muscles, cardiac muscle.
Myology
The study of The nature, structure, function, and diseases of…
Muscular system
Covers, shapes, and supports the skeletal tissue. Contains fi…
18 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Muscular System
Biceps Brachii
Triceps Brachii
Obicularis Oculi
Masseter
anterior upper arm
posterior upper arm
encircles the eye
jaw or mandible
Biceps Brachii
anterior upper arm
Triceps Brachii
posterior upper arm
23 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Muscular System
Frontals
Orbicularis Oculi
Orbicularis Oris
Masseter
Origin- Cranial Aponeurosis... Insertion- Eyebrows & Root of Nos…
Origin- Frontal & Maxillary bones... Insertion- Tissue of eyelid…
Origin- Maxillary bones and Mandible... Insertion- Muscle & Skin…
Origin- Zygomatic arch... Insertion- Mandible... Action- closes jaw…
Frontals
Origin- Cranial Aponeurosis... Insertion- Eyebrows & Root of Nos…
Orbicularis Oculi
Origin- Frontal & Maxillary bones... Insertion- Tissue of eyelid…
31 terms
Anatomy and Physiology : Muscular System
Endomysium
Epimysium
perimysium
fascicle
skin around single muscle fiber ( between fibers)
connective tissue inciting the entire muscle.
connective tissue surronding a fascicle
A discrete bundle of muscle cells
Endomysium
skin around single muscle fiber ( between fibers)
Epimysium
connective tissue inciting the entire muscle.
65 terms
anatomy and physiology the muscular system
Skeletal muscle
cardiac muscle
smooth muscle
excitability
muscle also called voluntary muscle, activated by reflexes... on…
only found in the heart.... involuntary, banded appearance... figur…
lines walls of all hallow organs. ... involuntary
responsiveness; the ability of a cell to receive and respond…
Skeletal muscle
muscle also called voluntary muscle, activated by reflexes... on…
cardiac muscle
only found in the heart.... involuntary, banded appearance... figur…
60 terms
Muscular System Anatomy & Physiology
Actin
Acetylcholine
Aerobic
Aponeurosis
thin protein filament
neurotransmitter used during neuromuscular junction
requires oxygen
broad fibrous sheet to connect muscle to muscle
Actin
thin protein filament
Acetylcholine
neurotransmitter used during neuromuscular junction
38 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Muscular System
skeletal muscle
smooth muscle
peristalsis
cardiac muscle
voluntary or striated; attaches to bone; stimulated consciously
involuntary or visceral; single nucleus; controlled by autono…
alternating contraction of smooth muscle cells which allow or…
muscle of the heart
skeletal muscle
voluntary or striated; attaches to bone; stimulated consciously
smooth muscle
involuntary or visceral; single nucleus; controlled by autono…
32 terms
Anatomy and physiology muscular system
Cutaneous trunci
Superficial pectoral
Deep pectoral
Brachiocephalicus
Thin muscle that covers dorsal, lateral, and ventral walls of…
Origin: cranial sternum... Insertion: greater tubercle of humeru…
Origin: sternum... Insertion: greater tubercle of humerus... Action…
Origin: clavicular intersection... Insertion: ulna, mastoid, dor…
Cutaneous trunci
Thin muscle that covers dorsal, lateral, and ventral walls of…
Superficial pectoral
Origin: cranial sternum... Insertion: greater tubercle of humeru…
26 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular System
Muscles of the Neck
Sternocleido-mastoid
Muscles of Shoulder (Pectoral Girdle)
Pectoralis Minor
Sternocleido-mastoid
Origin: Sternum... Insertion: Mastoid Process (of Temporal Bone)…
Pectoralis Minor... Trapezius... Rhomboids
Origin: Ribs... Insertion: Scapula... Action: Moves scapula forward…
Muscles of the Neck
Sternocleido-mastoid
Sternocleido-mastoid
Origin: Sternum... Insertion: Mastoid Process (of Temporal Bone)…
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- muscular system
prime movers
antagonists
synergists
fixators
agonists... -provide the major force for producing a specific mo…
oppose or reverse a particular movement... -keep prime mover in…
-add force to movement... -reduce undesirable or unnecessary mov…
synergists that immobilize a bone or muscle's origin
prime movers
agonists... -provide the major force for producing a specific mo…
antagonists
oppose or reverse a particular movement... -keep prime mover in…
44 terms
Anatomy and physiology, muscular system
Perimysium
Fascicle
Sarcomere
Fiber
connective tissue surrounding a bundle of muscle cells
Bundle of muscle cells
contractile unit of muscle
a muscle cell
Perimysium
connective tissue surrounding a bundle of muscle cells
Fascicle
Bundle of muscle cells
214 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular System
Movement
Stability
Communication
Control of body opening
-Generate focus to move bones ... -Generate force to move body c…
-Muscle tone resists force of gravity and hooks stabilize som…
-Speaking, writing, facial expressions, etc...
Sphincter muscles control openings of eyes, mouth, digestive…
Movement
-Generate focus to move bones ... -Generate force to move body c…
Stability
-Muscle tone resists force of gravity and hooks stabilize som…
203 terms
Anatomy and physiology - muscular system
what causes cells to lengthen an short…
what is the function of muscle tissue?
give an example of ectotherm
what is an individual that gets its he…
protein filament (myofilaments) composing cytoskeleton
movement, support boy (maintain posture), stabilize joints, p…
reptiles
endotherm
what causes cells to lengthen an short…
protein filament (myofilaments) composing cytoskeleton
what is the function of muscle tissue?
movement, support boy (maintain posture), stabilize joints, p…
53 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Muscular system
Sphincter
Skeletal Muscle Function
3 types of muscle tissue
Perimysium
Circular muscle, Fascicles are concentrically arranged around…
Guard entrances and exits, Maintain body temperature, Provide…
Smooth, Cardiac, Skeletal
Connective tissue partition that separates adjacent fasciculi…
Sphincter
Circular muscle, Fascicles are concentrically arranged around…
Skeletal Muscle Function
Guard entrances and exits, Maintain body temperature, Provide…
76 terms
RHS Anatomy & Physiology: Muscular System Identification
Right Adductor longus
Right Adductor magnus
Right Biceps brachii
Right Biceps femoris
Right Adductor longus
Right Adductor magnus
77 terms
Anatomy and Physiology---> Muscular System
Fascia
Motor unit
Involuntary muscle
Striated muscle
The protective connective tissue surrounding a muscle to sepa…
The nerve fiber and all the muscles fibers it controls
A muscle that moves without conscious thought.... Ex: Your Heart…
Alternating light and dark cross bands of a myofibril... Ex: Fou…
Fascia
The protective connective tissue surrounding a muscle to sepa…
Motor unit
The nerve fiber and all the muscles fibers it controls
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Muscular System
Excitability
Contractility
Elasticity
Extensibility
Ability to respond to stimuli.
Muscle cell's ability to move by shortening
The property of returning to an initial form or state followi…
Is the ability of a muscle cell to recoil and resume its rest…
Excitability
Ability to respond to stimuli.
Contractility
Muscle cell's ability to move by shortening
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Muscular System
muscles
cardiac, skeletal, smooth
voluntary muscles
involuntary muscle
bundles of parallel muscle tissue fibers; produce movement th…
three types of muscle tissue
muscles for which a person consciously chooses to contract an…
muscles under the control of the subconscious regions of the…
muscles
bundles of parallel muscle tissue fibers; produce movement th…
cardiac, skeletal, smooth
three types of muscle tissue
72 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Muscular System
define the function of a tendon
what are aponeuroses?
what are the six functions of the musc…
what are the four basic properties of…
connects muscle to bone
broad tendinous sheets
-skeletal movement... -maintains posture... -stabilizes joints and…
-excitability... -contractility... -extensibility... -elasticity
define the function of a tendon
connects muscle to bone
what are aponeuroses?
broad tendinous sheets
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: The Muscular System
What is the most essential function of…
Cardiac Muscle Cells
Skeletal Muscle Cells
Smooth Muscle Cell
It's most essential function is contraction and in doing so i…
Striated, involuntary and has intercalated discs//Walls of th…
Striated, voluntary (however may be involuntary if activated…
Flat, non striated, involuntary//Mostly in walls of hollow vi…
What is the most essential function of…
It's most essential function is contraction and in doing so i…
Cardiac Muscle Cells
Striated, involuntary and has intercalated discs//Walls of th…
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology---> Muscular System
Fascia
Motor unit
Involuntary muscle
Striated muscle
Separates muscles from each other
The nerve fiber and all the muscles fibers it controls
A muscle that moves without conscious thought
A mixture of fast-twitch and slow-twitch muscle fibers. Alter…
Fascia
Separates muscles from each other
Motor unit
The nerve fiber and all the muscles fibers it controls
25 terms
Physiology of the Muscular System (Anatomy)
Produces movement
maintain body position and posture
support soft tissue
guard entrance and exits
skeletal muscle contractions pull on tendons and move bones o…
continuous muscle contractions maintain body posture
abdominal wall and floor of pelvic cavity consist of layer of…
skeletal muscles encircle openings to the digestive and urina…
Produces movement
skeletal muscle contractions pull on tendons and move bones o…
maintain body position and posture
continuous muscle contractions maintain body posture
77 terms
Anatomy and Physiology---> Muscular System
Fascia
Motor unit
Involuntary muscle
Striated muscle
The protective connective tissue surrounding a muscle to sepa…
The nerve fiber and all the muscles fibers it controls
A muscle that moves without conscious thought.... Ex: Your Heart…
Alternating light and dark cross bands of a myofibril... Ex: Fou…
Fascia
The protective connective tissue surrounding a muscle to sepa…
Motor unit
The nerve fiber and all the muscles fibers it controls
62 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: the Muscular System
Calcium binds to this molecule in skel…
This holds a reserve supply of oxygen…
A sarcomere is located between what
What is used to store energy that will…
troponin
Myoglobin
Z lines
Creatine phosphate
Calcium binds to this molecule in skel…
troponin
This holds a reserve supply of oxygen…
Myoglobin
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology---> Muscular System
Fascia
Motor unit
Involuntary muscle
Striated muscle
Separates muscles from each other
The nerve fiber and all the muscles fibers it controls
A muscle that moves without conscious thought
A mixture of fast-twitch and slow-twitch muscle fibers. Alter…
Fascia
Separates muscles from each other
Motor unit
The nerve fiber and all the muscles fibers it controls
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