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Study sets matching "music chapter 4"

11 terms
Music, Chapter 4
clef
treble clef
bass clef
grand staff
placed at the beginning of the staff to show the pitch of eac…
used for relatively high ranges (usually played by a pianists…
used for relatively low ranges (usually played by a pianists…
a combination of the treble and bass staves
clef
placed at the beginning of the staff to show the pitch of eac…
treble clef
used for relatively high ranges (usually played by a pianists…
30 terms
Chapter 4: Music Notation (Music)
Notation
notating pitch
Note
Staff
System of writing down music so that specific pitches and rhy…
names for notes, A through G, notes are placed higher or lowe…
In notation, a black or white oval to which a stem and flags…
In notation, a set of five horizontal lines between or on whi…
Notation
System of writing down music so that specific pitches and rhy…
notating pitch
names for notes, A through G, notes are placed higher or lowe…
13 terms
Music Listening Chapter 4
Harmony
Chords
Triad
Tonality
two or more different tones/pitches sounding together... -depth…
a combination of three or more pitches sounded simultaneously…
the most common chord in western music... -two thirds stacked on…
the dominance of the tonic note over the other pitches in the…
Harmony
two or more different tones/pitches sounding together... -depth…
Chords
a combination of three or more pitches sounded simultaneously…
8 terms
Music chapter 4
Accent
Meter
Measure
Improvisation
The emphasis placed on a beat or sound
A rhythmic measure of a certain number of Beats the aural asp…
The division of Beats into a defined group separated by a bar…
Spontaneous musical invention
Accent
The emphasis placed on a beat or sound
Meter
A rhythmic measure of a certain number of Beats the aural asp…
Music Chapter 4- Music Notation
rhythm
beats
meter
duple meter
ordered flow of music through time; the pattern of durations…
regular, recurrent pulsations that divide music into equal un…
organization of beats into regular groups
pattern of 2 beats to the measure
rhythm
ordered flow of music through time; the pattern of durations…
beats
regular, recurrent pulsations that divide music into equal un…
21 terms
Chapter 4: Music Notation (Music)
Notation
Note
Staff
Ledger lines
System of writing down music so that specific pitches and rhy…
In notation, a black or white oval to which a stem and flags…
In notation, a set of five horizontal lines between or on whi…
Short, horizontal lines above or below the staff, used to ind…
Notation
System of writing down music so that specific pitches and rhy…
Note
In notation, a black or white oval to which a stem and flags…
20 terms
Chapter 4: Music Notation
___ is a system of writing music so th…
With music notation, we indicate exact…
A ___ is a set of five horizontal lines.
If a pitch falls above or below the ra…
notation
notes
staff
ledger lines
___ is a system of writing music so th…
notation
With music notation, we indicate exact…
notes
27 terms
World Music Chapter 4
Micronesia
Polynesia
Melanesia
Australia
The name of a group of Oceania islands that refers to the sma…
The name of the large region in Oceania that refers to the gr…
Refers to the dark skin of the people in this region of Oceania
the largest land area of Oceania
Micronesia
The name of a group of Oceania islands that refers to the sma…
Polynesia
The name of the large region in Oceania that refers to the gr…
9 terms
Music 101 Chapter 4 Terms
Articulation
Augmentation
Beat Subdivision
Slur
How pitch sounded, including various ways of bowing or plucki…
Lengthening the duration of a rhythm, often doubling them.
Further division of the beat, division into two parts; for ex…
Arc that connects two or more different pitches. Slurs affect…
Articulation
How pitch sounded, including various ways of bowing or plucki…
Augmentation
Lengthening the duration of a rhythm, often doubling them.
15 terms
music chapter4
accent
measure
ostinato
improvisation
the emphasis placed on a musical note/sound
the division of beats into defined groups separated by a bar…
repeated musical figure
spontaneous musical invention
accent
the emphasis placed on a musical note/sound
measure
the division of beats into defined groups separated by a bar…
Music Chapter 4 Vocab
Octave- note
Half Steps
Microtones
Chromatic Scale
When we hear any two notes an octave apart, we recognize that…
An octave divided into twelve equal semitones. From these you…
Some non-Western music features intervals even smaller than h…
The twelve half steps that make up the octave.
Octave- note
When we hear any two notes an octave apart, we recognize that…
Half Steps
An octave divided into twelve equal semitones. From these you…
9 terms
Music Chapter 4
Texture
Monophony
Heterophony
Polyphony
the interweaving of melodic lines with harmony in music
single - voiced music without accompaniment. Single melody bu…
multiple voices performing the variations of the same melody
two or more melodic lines of relative importance are played a…
Texture
the interweaving of melodic lines with harmony in music
Monophony
single - voiced music without accompaniment. Single melody bu…
25 terms
Music Chapter 4
Octave
Half Step
Chromatic Scale
Sharp (sign)
The interval spanning eight notes of the scale. In Western mu…
Smallest interval used in the Western system; the octave divi…
Melody or harmony built from many if not all twelve semitones…
Musical symbol (#) that indicates raising a pitch by a semito…
Octave
The interval spanning eight notes of the scale. In Western mu…
Half Step
Smallest interval used in the Western system; the octave divi…
32 terms
Music Appreciation Chapter 4, The Renaissance
L'Homme Arme,
Cantus firmus/L'Homme arme
Musical symbol of Christian warrior
Josquin Des Prez
The Armed Man; The Renaissance; 1450;
Preexisting melody that serves as starting point for polyphon…
L'Homme arme. Knights viewed as Christian warriors. War betwe…
Known by his first name; international figure in France and I…
L'Homme Arme,
The Armed Man; The Renaissance; 1450;
Cantus firmus/L'Homme arme
Preexisting melody that serves as starting point for polyphon…
20 terms
Music Theory Chapter 4: Chords
Harmony
Major Triad
Minor Triad
Diminished Triad
The musical result of tones sounding together. Refers to the…
M3 + P5
m3 + P5
m3 + d5
Harmony
The musical result of tones sounding together. Refers to the…
Major Triad
M3 + P5
6 terms
AP Music Theory Chapter 4
aural skills
melodic dictation
harmonic dictation
moveable-Do
the process of identifying, producing, and notating the eleme…
Writing down the pitch and rhythm of a melody
Listening to a four-part harmonization then writing down the…
A solfeggio where regardless of what key you are in, the toni…
aural skills
the process of identifying, producing, and notating the eleme…
melodic dictation
Writing down the pitch and rhythm of a melody
14 terms
Music Appreciation - Composers Test (Chapter 4)
Felix Mendelssohn
Johann Strauss II
Igor Stravinsky
Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Felix Mendelssohn
Johann Strauss II
23 terms
Music tech terms, chapter 4
PA
Sound diffusion
Sound projection
Input transducers
Public Address system, often a powered mixer. Used for record…
How sound is spread evenly throughout a given environment
Sound that has a penetrating quality
They turn acoustical energy into electrical energy (microphon…
PA
Public Address system, often a powered mixer. Used for record…
Sound diffusion
How sound is spread evenly throughout a given environment
8 terms
Music Chapter 4
beat
duple meter
meter
polyrhythm
marks a musical time in terms of pulses, either audibly, ment…
a metric pattern of two pulses per measure of time
the grouping of pulses into measures of time
two or more contrasting rhythms sounded simultaneously
beat
marks a musical time in terms of pulses, either audibly, ment…
duple meter
a metric pattern of two pulses per measure of time
9 terms
Music Chapter 4
Scott Joplin
Jelly Roll Morton
Louis Armstrong
Duke Ellington
Ragtime's greatest innovator
First jazz composer, grew up in Creole culture
New Orleans-born trumpet player and vocalist
Jazz pianist, bandleader, and one of the greatest American co…
Scott Joplin
Ragtime's greatest innovator
Jelly Roll Morton
First jazz composer, grew up in Creole culture
14 terms
Music chapter 4
Harmony
Chord
Triad
Tonality
When two or more tones are sounded together. Harmony adds depth
A combination of three or more pitches in a meaningful simult…
It's built from the interval of a third stacked on top of ano…
The dominance of the tonic over all other scale degrees
Harmony
When two or more tones are sounded together. Harmony adds depth
Chord
A combination of three or more pitches in a meaningful simult…
Chapter-4 Music Appreciation
Half step (semitone)
Chromatic scale
Sharp
Flat
12-tone scale comprised entirely of half steps
12- tone scale comprised entirely of half steps
Raises the note a half step
Lowers the note a half strp
Half step (semitone)
12-tone scale comprised entirely of half steps
Chromatic scale
12- tone scale comprised entirely of half steps
15 terms
music chapter 4
What is harmony?
A chord that sounds stable and that of…
A chord that sounds unstable or tense…
What is musical texture?
the sounding at the same time of different pitches, in groupi…
consonant
dissonant
the way different melodic lines and sounds interact or blend…
What is harmony?
the sounding at the same time of different pitches, in groupi…
A chord that sounds stable and that of…
consonant
25 terms
chapter 4: music
audiotape
stereo
analog recording
digital recording
lightweight magnetized strands of ribbon that make possible s…
the recording of two separate channels or tracks of sound
a recording that is made by capturing the fluctuations of the…
music recorded and played back by laser beams rather than by…
audiotape
lightweight magnetized strands of ribbon that make possible s…
stereo
the recording of two separate channels or tracks of sound
25 terms
World Music Chapter 4
aborigines
bino
circular breathing
didjeridu
a generic term for an indigenous population, often used to de…
a sitting dance typical of traditional music and dance perfor…
a technique used to maintain a continuous airflow in aerophon…
a long trumpet made from a hollowed tree branch and performed…
aborigines
a generic term for an indigenous population, often used to de…
bino
a sitting dance typical of traditional music and dance perfor…
10 terms
Music Chapter 4
false
false
tonic
false
A change in the key in the middle of a piece is called a tran…
A flat sign is used to indicate that the pitch should be rais…
Harmonies built on the dominant (fifth scale degree) have a t…
If a major or minor scale is transposed to a different starti…
false
A change in the key in the middle of a piece is called a tran…
false
A flat sign is used to indicate that the pitch should be rais…
51 terms
Excursions in World Music: Chapter 4- Music of China
age of china
founding of prc
ethnic makeup
major performance piece
4000 years old
1949
56 official ethnic groups, 93% Han, rest are 55 minority groups
Peking/Bejing Opera
age of china
4000 years old
founding of prc
1949
21 terms
Chapter 4 Music & Ethnicity
Ethnicity
Jali/ jalolu music
madinka people
kora
groups bound by shared identity and common acestroy... 1. self,…
music in west africa that remembers life of elderly mandika c…
oral histroy by jalolu... 1.women do not play instruments... 2. use…
jali accompanies himself with plucked 21-stringed chordophone…
Ethnicity
groups bound by shared identity and common acestroy... 1. self,…
Jali/ jalolu music
music in west africa that remembers life of elderly mandika c…
8 terms
Medieval Music chapter 4
Gregorian chant
vespers
Mass
Ordinary (of the Mass)
A body of music to which the medieval Roman Catholic liturgy…
evening worship
The most solemn service of the Roman Catholic Church. The par…
The sections of the Mass that stay the same throughout the ch…
Gregorian chant
A body of music to which the medieval Roman Catholic liturgy…
vespers
evening worship
15 terms
Music105: Chapter 4
Octave
Half Steps
Whole step
Chromatic scale
Interval between tow notes eight diatonic pitches apart; the…
Smallest interval used in the western; the octave divides int…
Interval consisting of two half steps
Melody or harmony built from man if not all twelve pitches of…
Octave
Interval between tow notes eight diatonic pitches apart; the…
Half Steps
Smallest interval used in the western; the octave divides int…
14 terms
Music Appreciation Chapter 4
Psalm Singing
psalter
Lining out
Shape notes
verses of psalms set into hymn tunes
A book containing psalms often sung
A call and response style of hymn singing
an aid in learning to read music by giving each pitch a disti…
Psalm Singing
verses of psalms set into hymn tunes
psalter
A book containing psalms often sung
23 terms
Worlds of Music Chapter 4
hymn
melismatically
lining out
stanzas
A song of praise to God
the singing of a single syllable of text while moving between…
A form of call-and-response in psalm or hymn singing A leader…
A song form in which successive verses are set to the same me…
hymn
A song of praise to God
melismatically
the singing of a single syllable of text while moving between…
9 terms
Music Theory Chapter 4
beat subdivision
ties
slurs
articulation
one step further than beat division
arcs connecting the note heads of two identical pitches
arcs that connect two or more different pitches
tell a performer how to play the music
beat subdivision
one step further than beat division
ties
arcs connecting the note heads of two identical pitches
18 terms
Rock Music: Chapter 4
The Ink Spots & The Mills Brothers
Ray Charles With hits such as "I got a…
Doo-Wop vocals such as Sam Cooke and d…
Chicago, New York, Detroit, Memphis, a…
Who started the basic style if Soul music?
Who was the first person to successfully merge pop & rb into…
The late 50's and early 60's had a specific sound
Soul Music Developed in which 5 major cities
The Ink Spots & The Mills Brothers
Who started the basic style if Soul music?
Ray Charles With hits such as "I got a…
Who was the first person to successfully merge pop & rb into…
17 terms
Music chapter 4
Siren
Courtesan
Geisha
Edo period
Half human half animal female who tempts men via song
Female court attendant who is educated or trained as a perfor…
Courtesan of the Japanese tradition associated with performan…
Japanese historical period from 1603-1868 associated with the…
Siren
Half human half animal female who tempts men via song
Courtesan
Female court attendant who is educated or trained as a perfor…
22 terms
Western Music Chapter 4
syllabic singing
melismatic singing
mass
Gregorian chant
only one or two notes for each syllable of text
many notes sung to just one syllable
symbolic reenactment of the Last Supper
a unique collection of thousands of religious songs, sung in…
syllabic singing
only one or two notes for each syllable of text
melismatic singing
many notes sung to just one syllable
33 terms
Music History Chapter 4
Vernacular
Carmina Burana
Epic
song of deeds
Language of the people
Selection of 13 poems, Bavarian Monastery, set to music by Ca…
Long heroic narrative
"chanson de geste" translation
Vernacular
Language of the people
Carmina Burana
Selection of 13 poems, Bavarian Monastery, set to music by Ca…
51 terms
Music History Chapter 4
Goliards
Carmina Burana
conductus
planctus
-clerical dropouts, nomads... -patron saint was Goliath... -wrote a…
-"wheel of fortune" ... -parodies, obscene, satire... -6 liturgical…
-not liturgical text, but used in liturgy for processions... -ne…
lament
Goliards
-clerical dropouts, nomads... -patron saint was Goliath... -wrote a…
Carmina Burana
-"wheel of fortune" ... -parodies, obscene, satire... -6 liturgical…
8 terms
Music 110 chapter 4
Gregorian chant
Dies irae
syllabic singing
melismatic singing
unique collection of thousands of religious songs which carry…
the signature melody of the burial service of the church
one or two notes for each syllable of text
many notes sung to just one syllable
Gregorian chant
unique collection of thousands of religious songs which carry…
Dies irae
the signature melody of the burial service of the church
56 terms
Music Appreciation - Knowledge Test (Chapter 4)
A-B-A form
Air
Allemande
Johann Sebastian Bach
Refers to any piece with an overall three-part structure. Als…
A lyrical type of dance music, but not a real dance, often in…
French dance in a fast 4/4 time.
German composer of both orchestral and solo instrumental danc…
A-B-A form
Refers to any piece with an overall three-part structure. Als…
Air
A lyrical type of dance music, but not a real dance, often in…
18 terms
Chapter 4 Music Terms and Concepts
pitch
dynamics
tone color
genre
how high or low a sound is; high sounds-faster frequency, fas…
volume of sound, measure of amplitude
the overtones created characterize the quality and individual…
a distinctive type or category of music characterized by a pa…
pitch
how high or low a sound is; high sounds-faster frequency, fas…
dynamics
volume of sound, measure of amplitude
22 terms
Understanding Music Chapter 4
Liturgical Music
Secular Song
Plainchant
Syllabic
Music designed for use in the Christian liturgy.
Nonreligious music.
Vocal music for church services. It is monophonic, only one l…
One note for every syllable of the text.
Liturgical Music
Music designed for use in the Christian liturgy.
Secular Song
Nonreligious music.
15 terms
Chapter 4: Medieval Music, 476-1450
Mass
Gregorian chant
Musical notation
Dies Irae
symbolic reenactment of the Last Super, celebrated at about n…
plainsong; unique collection of thousands of religious songs,…
wholly new medium of communication
signature melody of the burial service of the Church
Mass
symbolic reenactment of the Last Super, celebrated at about n…
Gregorian chant
plainsong; unique collection of thousands of religious songs,…
18 terms
Music appreciation Chapter 4
Halfsteps
Microtones
Chromatic scale
Sharp
A half of a whole step... 12 equal semitones
Smaller than half steps
12 half steps
Raises a half step
Halfsteps
A half of a whole step... 12 equal semitones
Microtones
Smaller than half steps
57 terms
Chapter 4 : the structures of music
melody
phrase
climax
cadence
a succession of single pitches going somewhere with an appeal…
a sequence of notes that form a unit in music, each leading to
the most exciting or important moment, or point a melody or e…
notes that give pause or end, to a passage , or work, with so…
melody
a succession of single pitches going somewhere with an appeal…
phrase
a sequence of notes that form a unit in music, each leading to
44 terms
Music Chapter 4 and 5
Accent
Meter
Measure
Taiko drumming
Emphasis placed on musical sound
The aural aspect of music in which a certain number of beats…
The division of beats into defined groups separated by a bar…
Japanese percussion instrument
Accent
Emphasis placed on musical sound
Meter
The aural aspect of music in which a certain number of beats…
20 terms
Music Theory Chapter 4
harmony
chord
triad
tertian
is the musical result of tones sounding together
is a harmonic unit with at least three different tones soundi…
is any three tone chord
refers to the note on which a triad is built
harmony
is the musical result of tones sounding together
chord
is a harmonic unit with at least three different tones soundi…
Music app chapter 4
Syllabic
Mellismatic
Vernacular
Gregorian Chant
if each word is set to seperate note, a musical line is sylla…
is one syllable spread over several notes in a melody line
the texts for secular music in the Middle Ages were written i…
was developed in the Middle Ages, is was always sung in Latin…
Syllabic
if each word is set to seperate note, a musical line is sylla…
Mellismatic
is one syllable spread over several notes in a melody line
20 terms
Music Theory - Chapter 4
chords made up only of notes from the…
all other chords using notes not in th…
I, IV, V
ii, iii, vi
Diatonic chords
altered or chromatic chords
DtriadM: Major
DtriadM: minor
chords made up only of notes from the…
Diatonic chords
all other chords using notes not in th…
altered or chromatic chords
16 terms
Chapter 4 Film Music
2 early sound systems
Lee De Forest
DON JUAN
THE JAZZ SINGER
1. Sound on film Phonofilm ... 2. Sound on disc Vitaphone
Perfected a vacuum tube that greatly improved the "sound on f…
First feature length sound film without dialogue. Also firs f…
First feature film to contain some spoken dialogue, considere…
2 early sound systems
1. Sound on film Phonofilm ... 2. Sound on disc Vitaphone
Lee De Forest
Perfected a vacuum tube that greatly improved the "sound on f…
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