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Study sets matching "myology"

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Study sets matching "myology"

23 terms
Myology
Primary Components of Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
1. Irritability... 2. Contractibility... 3. Extensibility... 4. Elasti…
involuntary muscle in the heart with striated cells (ANS)
involuntary muscle in the internal organs (ANS) with elongati…
voluntary muscles that are elongated and striated
Primary Components of Muscle
1. Irritability... 2. Contractibility... 3. Extensibility... 4. Elasti…
Cardiac Muscle
involuntary muscle in the heart with striated cells (ANS)
14 terms
Myology
obturator internus m
piriformis m
tendinous arch of obturator fascia
puborectalis m
2
3
5
obturator internus m
2
piriformis m
3
Myology
Trapezius (Upper, Middle and Lower)
Levator Scapulae
Upward rotation of the scapula is the…
Downward rotation of the scapula is th…
Upward rotation of the scapula... Elevation of the scapula... Ret…
Elevates the medial margin of the scapula
Flexion and abduction at the shoulder joint
Extension and adduction at the shoulder joint
Trapezius (Upper, Middle and Lower)
Upward rotation of the scapula... Elevation of the scapula... Ret…
Levator Scapulae
Elevates the medial margin of the scapula
90 terms
Myology
frontalis
orbicularis oculi
zygomaticus minor
orbicularis oris
frontalis
orbicularis oculi
32 terms
Myology
Gluteus maximus
Gluteus medius
Psoas major
Iliacus
Extends and laterally rotates thigh; adducts the hip
Medially rotates thigh; abducts the hip
Flexes thigh at the hip; flexes vertebral column
Flexes thigh at the hip
Gluteus maximus
Extends and laterally rotates thigh; adducts the hip
Gluteus medius
Medially rotates thigh; abducts the hip
64 terms
myology
muscle
skeletal, cardiac, smooth
skeletal
cardiac
one of the four classes of tissue, including epithelial, conn…
what are the three common types of muscle?
what type of muscle is striated, voluntary, regulated via som…
what type of muscle is striated, regulated by the autonomic m…
muscle
one of the four classes of tissue, including epithelial, conn…
skeletal, cardiac, smooth
what are the three common types of muscle?
80 terms
Myology
Illustrate the layers of skeletal musc…
Illustrate the layers of skeletal musc…
How is a sarcomere related to a myofib…
What is the "functional" component of…
A sarcomere is a portion of a Myofibril
Muscle Fiber
Illustrate the layers of skeletal musc…
Illustrate the layers of skeletal musc…
22 terms
Myology
Muscle Functions
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
Cardiac Muscle Tissue
Smooth Muscle Tissue
1) produce body movement... -walking, movement along GI/urinary…
-lots of nuclei... -Striated and voluntary... -attach to bones allo…
-Striated and involuntary... -located in the walls of the heart…
-Nonstriated and involuntary... -located mostly in the walls of…
Muscle Functions
1) produce body movement... -walking, movement along GI/urinary…
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
-lots of nuclei... -Striated and voluntary... -attach to bones allo…
15 terms
Myology
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
Smooth Muscle Tissue
Cardiac Muscle Tissue
Fascia
1. Associated with bones and cartilage.... 2. Locomotion; walk,…
1. Associated with the walls of hollow viscera... 2. Peristalsis…
1. Associated with the walls of the heart... 2. Pulsatitle for f…
4... 1. A band of fibrous CT... 2. 3 types:... A. Superficial: imme…
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
1. Associated with bones and cartilage.... 2. Locomotion; walk,…
Smooth Muscle Tissue
1. Associated with the walls of hollow viscera... 2. Peristalsis…
55 terms
Myology
Function of muscles
fusiform
parallel
triangular (convergent)
1) movement... 2) stability (antigravity muscles)... 3) control of…
ex) biceps brachii, gastrocnemius
ex) rectus abdominis, sartorius, zygomaticus major, masseter
ex) pectorals major and temporalis
Function of muscles
1) movement... 2) stability (antigravity muscles)... 3) control of…
fusiform
ex) biceps brachii, gastrocnemius
40 terms
Myology
Skeletal muscle
Concentric contraction
Eccentric contraction
Sarcolemma
myocyte --> myofibrils --> sarcomeres
Muscles shorten... Movement against external force ... Speed does n…
Muscles lengthen... Movement with external force... Speed does matt…
Muscle cell membrane
Skeletal muscle
myocyte --> myofibrils --> sarcomeres
Concentric contraction
Muscles shorten... Movement against external force ... Speed does n…
21 terms
Myology
Fascicle
Attachments
Connective Tissue Wrappings
Myofibril
Muslce fibers, (fyofiber)
Tendons=cable-like attachments... Aponeuroses=sheet-like attachm…
Epimysium = Surrounds entire muscle... Perimysium = Surrounds ea…
Composes each fiber cell... Cimposed of thick myofilaments:Conta…
Fascicle
Muslce fibers, (fyofiber)
Attachments
Tendons=cable-like attachments... Aponeuroses=sheet-like attachm…
30 terms
Myology
Myology
Muscular system functions
Skeletal Muscle
Skeletal Muscle cells
-The study of muscles, their function, and structure
-Produce movement of the entire body or parts... -Maintain posit…
-Striated, voluntary muscle... -Flesh... -Normally associated with…
-Long 1-40 microns... -Rounded or slightly tapered ends... -Multi-n…
Myology
-The study of muscles, their function, and structure
Muscular system functions
-Produce movement of the entire body or parts... -Maintain posit…
52 terms
Myology
Myology
Posture Maintence
Heat Production
Striated... (Skeletal Muscle Tissue)
Study of muscle tissue
Keep us upright
Thermoregulation (shivering)
Striped... Proteins overlaps... Relatively strong
Myology
Study of muscle tissue
Posture Maintence
Keep us upright
58 terms
Myology
endomyseium
perimysium
marbling in meat
Epimysium
covers individual muscle fibers. It is a very thin layer.
surrounds groups of muscle fibers
intramuscular fat in the region of the perimysium. In... the pic…
appears shiny. It surrounds the entire muscle and is in the d…
endomyseium
covers individual muscle fibers. It is a very thin layer.
perimysium
surrounds groups of muscle fibers
50 terms
Myology
Pectoralis Major
Pronator Teres
Pronator Quadratus
Extensor digiti minimi
Action: adduction of the arm at the shoulder... Innervation: Med…
Action: Rotates the radius on the ulna (pronation) and helps…
Action: Pronates hand... Innervation: Median Nerve, C8, T1
Action: Extends 5th digit at metacapophalangeal and interphal…
Pectoralis Major
Action: adduction of the arm at the shoulder... Innervation: Med…
Pronator Teres
Action: Rotates the radius on the ulna (pronation) and helps…
43 terms
Myology
myology
Excitability
contractility
extensibility
scientific study of muscles
ability to respond to a stimulus
ability to shorten when stimulated
ability to be stretched
myology
scientific study of muscles
Excitability
ability to respond to a stimulus
23 terms
Myology
Main functions of muscle
Typs of muscle
Skeletal
Cardiac
1. ATP for force (movement)... 2. Posture... 3. Stabilize joints ... 4…
Skeletal... Cardiac... Smooth
Voluntary, striated, long cells, 2 nucleus
Involuntary, striated, Branching cells, Intercalated disks (w…
Main functions of muscle
1. ATP for force (movement)... 2. Posture... 3. Stabilize joints ... 4…
Typs of muscle
Skeletal... Cardiac... Smooth
32 terms
Myology
Muscular System
Myology
Function of Muscles
Movement
about 600 muscles
study of muscular system
movement, stability, control of body openings and passages, h…
muscles enable body to move place to place
Muscular System
about 600 muscles
Myology
study of muscular system
27 terms
Myology
Approx. 640
Fasicles
Muscle fiber (myofiber, muscle cell)
Myofilaments
# of muscles in the body
Bundles of muscle fibers which comprise the muscle
Basic cellular unit of the muscle, an elongated contractile c…
The contractile proteins, thin actin and thick myosin, of mus…
Approx. 640
# of muscles in the body
Fasicles
Bundles of muscle fibers which comprise the muscle
Myology
Myology
3 types of muscle tissue
Non-straited (smooth) muscle
Striated Cardiac Muscle
study of muscle
Skeletal ... smooth... cardiac
short spindal shaped cells.... -lack striped (started appearance…
Long, branched fibers composed of many cells staked end to en…
Myology
study of muscle
3 types of muscle tissue
Skeletal ... smooth... cardiac
26 terms
Myology
Parallel
Oblique
Unipennate
Bipennate
muscle fibres that are parallel to the line of pull of the wh…
muscle fibres that are oblique to the line of pull of the who…
muscles attach to one side of the tendon only... e.g. extensor d…
muscles have a central septum with muscle fibres attaching to…
Parallel
muscle fibres that are parallel to the line of pull of the wh…
Oblique
muscle fibres that are oblique to the line of pull of the who…
69 terms
Myology
What are functions of the muscles?
How do muscles maintain stability?
Sphincters
Glycemic control
-movement... -stability ... -control of openings... -heat production…
-antigravity muscles: prevent us from falling over ... -stabiliz…
internal muscular rings that control the movement of food, bl…
-muscles absorb and store glucose which helps regulate blood…
What are functions of the muscles?
-movement... -stability ... -control of openings... -heat production…
How do muscles maintain stability?
-antigravity muscles: prevent us from falling over ... -stabiliz…
41 terms
Myology
Motor/Efferent
Sensory/Afferent
Origin
Insertion
neuron conducts impulses to the muscle fibers from the CNS
neuron conducts impulses away from the muscle fibers to the CNS
proximal attachment (less moveable)
distal attachment (more moveable)
Motor/Efferent
neuron conducts impulses to the muscle fibers from the CNS
Sensory/Afferent
neuron conducts impulses away from the muscle fibers to the CNS
111 terms
Myology
Synchondrosis Synphysis
Synchondrosis intersternebrales Symphy…
art. Coxae lig. Capitis ossis femoris
Pars cervicalis pars mastoidea
Types of cartilage joints?
List 3 examples of articulation cartilagineae?
Which joint is located at acetabulum? Which ligament at aceta…
Name the two parts of m. Cleidocephalicus (from m. brachiocep…
Synchondrosis Synphysis
Types of cartilage joints?
Synchondrosis intersternebrales Symphy…
List 3 examples of articulation cartilagineae?
68 terms
Myology
What are the three types of muscle tis…
Location of skeletal muscle tissue
Function of skeletal muscle tissue
Appearance of skeletal muscle tissue
skeletal muscle tissue... cardiac muscle tissue... smooth muscle ti…
attached to bone and skin
voluntary movement of the skeleton or body part and generates…
striated and has many peripheral nuclei
What are the three types of muscle tis…
skeletal muscle tissue... cardiac muscle tissue... smooth muscle ti…
Location of skeletal muscle tissue
attached to bone and skin
21 terms
Myology
Skeletal Muscle: Characteristics
Skeletal Muscle: Main Function
skeletal muscle organization: 3 levels
other functions of skeletal muscle
- voluntary... - striated (looked striped)... - contractile
produce movement
(small to large)... 1. myofibers... 2. fascicle... 3. muscle as a whole
maintain posture, stabilize joints and generate heat as they…
Skeletal Muscle: Characteristics
- voluntary... - striated (looked striped)... - contractile
Skeletal Muscle: Main Function
produce movement
29 terms
Myology
Belly
Insertion
Origin
Action
thicker region of the muscle
the attachment site at its more mobile end
the attachment site at the stationary end
the effect produced by a muscle
Belly
thicker region of the muscle
Insertion
the attachment site at its more mobile end
8 terms
Myology
3 types of muscle
Slow twitch muscle
Fast twitch muscle
Sarcomere
Skeletal (voluntary, striated)... Smooth (involuntary, unstriate…
"red", dense with capillaries... Sustains aerobic activity using…
contract quickly and powerfully... fatigue rapidly... Sustain shor…
Unit of muscle function
3 types of muscle
Skeletal (voluntary, striated)... Smooth (involuntary, unstriate…
Slow twitch muscle
"red", dense with capillaries... Sustains aerobic activity using…
38 terms
Myology
Smooth muscle tissue
Cardiac Muscle
How many skeletal muscle des the body…
Myofibril
found on the walls of hollow organs and systems
involentilary functioning muscle
640
thread of muscle fibers
Smooth muscle tissue
found on the walls of hollow organs and systems
Cardiac Muscle
involentilary functioning muscle
54 terms
LE myology
What is the difference between a penna…
T/F? From proximal to distal, the popl…
T/F? The sustentacular groove allows f…
What is the function of the popliteus m?
Nonpennate- more flexible... Pennate- high F production
F. lateral to medial
F. Allows for the MEDIAL passage of the tibialis anterior m.
Unlocks knee from extension (tibial IR), aids in leg flexion
What is the difference between a penna…
Nonpennate- more flexible... Pennate- high F production
T/F? From proximal to distal, the popl…
F. lateral to medial
43 terms
Myology
Skeletal, Cardiac, Visceral
75% Water, 20% Protein, 3-6% Salt
660+
Agonist, Antagonist, Synergist, Specia…
3 Major Types of Muscles
Fiber Content of Muscles
Total number of muscles
4 Units of Muscle
Skeletal, Cardiac, Visceral
3 Major Types of Muscles
75% Water, 20% Protein, 3-6% Salt
Fiber Content of Muscles
10 terms
Myology
Excitability
Contractility
Extensibility
elasticity
Nervous Stimulation
Force
Returns after shortening
Returns when stretched
Excitability
Nervous Stimulation
Contractility
Force
34 terms
Myology
Retraction
Protraction
Elevation
Depression
movement of the scapula medially towards vertebral column
movement of the scapula laterally away from the vertebral col…
upward movement of the scapula without any rotation
downward movement of the scapula without any rotation
Retraction
movement of the scapula medially towards vertebral column
Protraction
movement of the scapula laterally away from the vertebral col…
38 terms
Myology
Stability
Control of body openings
Heat production
Glycemic control
Muscles maintain posture by preventing unwanted movements. So…
Muscles encircling the mouth, the eyelid, the pupil, internal…
The skeletal muscles produce as much as 85% of one's body hea…
Muscles regulate blood glucose concentration to its normal ra…
Stability
Muscles maintain posture by preventing unwanted movements. So…
Control of body openings
Muscles encircling the mouth, the eyelid, the pupil, internal…
57 terms
Myology
Chemical Composition
H2O
Electolytes (Etc.)
Protein
H2O... Electrolytes... Protein
75- 80%
1%
20- 25%... 4% 1. Stroma Protein= structural proteins (COLLAGEN &…
Chemical Composition
H2O... Electrolytes... Protein
H2O
75- 80%
37 terms
Myology
What is myology?
How many muscles are in the human body?
Where did the word muscle come from?
Functions of muscles
study of the muscular system
About 600
It means "little mouse" because muscles rippling under the sk…
movement... stability... control of body openings and passages... heat…
What is myology?
study of the muscular system
How many muscles are in the human body?
About 600
238 terms
MYOLOGY
38 terms
Myology
Explain the differences in skeletal mu…
Explain why sometimes after having eat…
Describe the problems with short or lo…
Can you draw and label the components…
Multiple Striations and more nucleated. Cardiac muscle becaus…
Your diaphragm is compressed because your stomach is full whe…
Muscle atrophy can set in due to lack of nervous stimulation…
The sarcomere is the smallest unit.
Explain the differences in skeletal mu…
Multiple Striations and more nucleated. Cardiac muscle becaus…
Explain why sometimes after having eat…
Your diaphragm is compressed because your stomach is full whe…
40 terms
Myology
Myology
What is A Muscle
Classification of Muscles
Three Types of Muscles
the study of muscle
a specialized connective tissue that, when stimulated by a ne…
-Striated: contractile myofibers are divided by bands of cros…
-Smooth Muscles ... -Cardiac Muscles... -Skeletal Muscles
Myology
the study of muscle
What is A Muscle
a specialized connective tissue that, when stimulated by a ne…
12 terms
Myology
What are the three types of muscle?
What are the five levels of organizati…
What 7 criteria are used to name muscl…
What are tendons made of?
Skeletal ... Smooth... Cardiac
Muscle... Fasicle... Fiber... Myofibril... Myofilament
Fiber direction or arrangement... Size... Shape... Action... Number o…
Fasicles of type I collagen
What are the three types of muscle?
Skeletal ... Smooth... Cardiac
What are the five levels of organizati…
Muscle... Fasicle... Fiber... Myofibril... Myofilament
45 terms
Myology
Why is it important for a massage ther…
How does knowing the anatomy of skelet…
Identify (3) types of muscle tissue:
Where is non-striated (smooth) muscle…
The therapist that understands can more effectively serve the…
It allows the therapist to realize the difference between a l…
Non-Striated (Smooth)... Striated Cardiac... Striated Skeletal
Visceral organs throughout the body i.e. stomach, uterus, etc.
Why is it important for a massage ther…
The therapist that understands can more effectively serve the…
How does knowing the anatomy of skelet…
It allows the therapist to realize the difference between a l…
60 terms
Myology
What are the functions of muscles?
What are the two type of muscle tissues?
What are the two types of striated mus…
Which type of striated muscle do you h…
Movement of the body, maintenance of posture and body positio…
Smooth and striated
Cardiac and Skeletal
Cardiac
What are the functions of muscles?
Movement of the body, maintenance of posture and body positio…
What are the two type of muscle tissues?
Smooth and striated
44 terms
Myology
Flexors
Extensors
Flex shoulder
Extend shoulder
Teres major... Teres minor... Deltoideus... Biceps brachii... Bracialis... C…
Supraspinatus... Subscapularis... Infraspinatus... Triceps brachii... Ten…
Teres major... Teres minor... Deltoideus
Supraspinatus:located above the spine of scapula... Subscapulari…
Flexors
Teres major... Teres minor... Deltoideus... Biceps brachii... Bracialis... C…
Extensors
Supraspinatus... Subscapularis... Infraspinatus... Triceps brachii... Ten…
24 terms
Myology
What are the main components of skelet…
What is the structure of connective ti…
Each skeletal muscle fiber (cell) is c…
Each myofibril is composed of ____?
fascicles... each fascicle is made of up muscle fibers (= muscle…
entire muscle (composed of fascicles) is surrounded by epimys…
myofibrils
myofilaments
What are the main components of skelet…
fascicles... each fascicle is made of up muscle fibers (= muscle…
What is the structure of connective ti…
entire muscle (composed of fascicles) is surrounded by epimys…
45 terms
Myology
Why is it important for a massage ther…
How does knowing the anatomy of skelet…
Identify (3) types of muscle tissue:
Where is non-striated (smooth) muscle…
The therapist that understands can more effectively serve the…
It allows the therapist to realize the difference between a l…
Non-Striated (Smooth)... Striated Cardiac... Striated Skeletal
Visceral organs throughout the body i.e. stomach, uterus, etc.
Why is it important for a massage ther…
The therapist that understands can more effectively serve the…
How does knowing the anatomy of skelet…
It allows the therapist to realize the difference between a l…
41 terms
Myology
Types of muscles
Skeletal Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Skeletal, cardiac, smooth
- Moves the bones of the skeleton... - Is striated due to alteri…
- Found only in the heart... - Is striated... - Is involuntary
- In walls of hollow internal structures... - No striations... - In…
Types of muscles
Skeletal, cardiac, smooth
Skeletal Muscle
- Moves the bones of the skeleton... - Is striated due to alteri…
37 terms
Myology
Function Muscle
Types of Muscle
Structural Types of Muscles
Sarcomere Proteins (active tension)
convert chemical energy to mechanical energy. (F=ma)
-Cardiac... -Skeletal... -Smooth
-Longitudinal... -Fusiform... -Radiate... -Unipennate... -Bipennate... -Circ…
Actin and myosin
Function Muscle
convert chemical energy to mechanical energy. (F=ma)
Types of Muscle
-Cardiac... -Skeletal... -Smooth
30 terms
Myology
Contractility
Excitability
Contractility
Extensibility
Provides for movement phenomena appropriate to achieve Homeos…
An ability to receive and respond to stimuli
An ability to markedly shorten and thicken
An ability to stretch
Contractility
Provides for movement phenomena appropriate to achieve Homeos…
Excitability
An ability to receive and respond to stimuli
11 terms
Myology
types of muscle tissue
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Striated Muscle
Skeletal Striated Muscle
Smooth Muscle (non-striated.)... Striated Cardiac Muscle... Striate…
Involuntary, Spindle shaped, non striated muscle. Muscle of t…
Involuntary, striped appearance, branching muscles of the hea…
Voluntary muscle, dense fibers, and multinucleated cells. Res…
types of muscle tissue
Smooth Muscle (non-striated.)... Striated Cardiac Muscle... Striate…
Smooth Muscle
Involuntary, Spindle shaped, non striated muscle. Muscle of t…
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