Study sets matching "neck health assessment"

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Study sets matching "neck health assessment"

60 terms
Health Assessment - Heart and Neck
Cardiovascular System
Right Side of the Heart
Left Side of the Heart
Base of the Heart
Highly complex system. Comprising heart & closed system of bl…
Pulmonary circulation
Systemic circulation
Located at the top of the heart, so the 2nd intercostal space…
Cardiovascular System
Highly complex system. Comprising heart & closed system of bl…
Right Side of the Heart
Pulmonary circulation
Health Assessment: Head and Neck
Cranium
Eight Bones of Cranium
Temporal Artery
Parotid Glands
houses and protects brain and major sensory organs
frontal (1)... parietal (2)... temporal (2)... occipital (1)... ethmoid (…
major artery located between eye and top of the ear
located on each side of face, anterior and inferior to ears a…
Cranium
houses and protects brain and major sensory organs
Eight Bones of Cranium
frontal (1)... parietal (2)... temporal (2)... occipital (1)... ethmoid (…
Health Assessment: Head & Neck
Assessment of head and neck includes:
During health history note:
Physical assessment of head and neck:
13 Questions to ask during health hist…
skull, face, eyes, ears, nose, sinuses, mouth, pharynx, trach…
headaches, dizziness, smoking (pt. teaching to stop)
shape, structure of cranial bones, function of special senses…
1. chg vision/hearing... 2. corrective lenses/hearing aids... 3. ar…
Assessment of head and neck includes:
skull, face, eyes, ears, nose, sinuses, mouth, pharynx, trach…
During health history note:
headaches, dizziness, smoking (pt. teaching to stop)
80 terms
Head and Neck- health assessment
Epistaxis
Hypogeusia
Dysgeusia
Diplopia
nosebleed
decreased sensitivity to taste
unpleasant taste
double vision
Epistaxis
nosebleed
Hypogeusia
decreased sensitivity to taste
Health Assessment head and neck
skull
frontal, parietal, occipital, temporal
parotid glands (in cheeks over mandibl…
Stensens - drains the parotid gland... Wh…
protects brain, supported by cervical vertebra
cranial bones
pairs of salivary glands:
Ducts of the salivary glands:
skull
protects brain, supported by cervical vertebra
frontal, parietal, occipital, temporal
cranial bones
80 terms
Head and Neck- health assessment
Epistaxis
Hypogeusia
Dysgeusia
Diplopia
nosebleed
decreased sensitivity to taste
unpleasant taste
double vision
Epistaxis
nosebleed
Hypogeusia
decreased sensitivity to taste
20 terms
Health Assessment: Head & Neck
The head contains the _______, made up…
The neck contains the great vessels su…
The _______________ lymph nodes are in…
The ___________ ______________ lymph n…
Skull (frontal, parietal, temporal, occipital)... Salivary (par…
Carotid... Trachea & Esophagus... Thyroid Gland... Lymph Nodes
preauricular
posterior auricular
The head contains the _______, made up…
Skull (frontal, parietal, temporal, occipital)... Salivary (par…
The neck contains the great vessels su…
Carotid... Trachea & Esophagus... Thyroid Gland... Lymph Nodes
72 terms
health assessment of the head and neck
assessment of the head and neck include
abnormal findings in the head and face
inspect the face for
assessment of the eyes includes
the skull, face, eyes, ears, nose and sinuses, mouth and phar…
lack of symmetry or unusual size or contour of the skull, and…
color, symmetry, and distribution of facial hair
the external eye structures, visual acuity, extraocular movem…
assessment of the head and neck include
the skull, face, eyes, ears, nose and sinuses, mouth and phar…
abnormal findings in the head and face
lack of symmetry or unusual size or contour of the skull, and…
33 terms
Health Assessment: Assessing Head and Neck
A nurse palpates an elderly client's t…
A client presents to the emergency dep…
The nurse is discharging an adult clie…
A 82 year old female presents with nec…
Correct response: Auscultate with the bell over the lateral l…
Correct response: Meningeal inflammation... Explanation: ... Mening…
Correct response: Encourage the use of safety equipment... Expla…
Correct response: Arthritic changes of the cervical spine... Exp…
A nurse palpates an elderly client's t…
Correct response: Auscultate with the bell over the lateral l…
A client presents to the emergency dep…
Correct response: Meningeal inflammation... Explanation: ... Mening…
Health Assessment: Heart and Neck Vessels
The precordium overlies
The right ventricle occupies
The left ventricle is in the
The heart's shape
the heart and great vessels... *area on the upper, anterior chest
most of the anterior chest
left lateral margin
is an upside down triangle
The precordium overlies
the heart and great vessels... *area on the upper, anterior chest
The right ventricle occupies
most of the anterior chest
33 terms
Health Assessment: Assessing Head and Neck
A nurse palpates an elderly client's t…
A client presents to the emergency dep…
The nurse is discharging an adult clie…
A 82 year old female presents with nec…
Correct response: Auscultate with the bell over the lateral l…
Correct response: Meningeal inflammation... Explanation: ... Mening…
Correct response: Encourage the use of safety equipment... Expla…
Correct response: Arthritic changes of the cervical spine... Exp…
A nurse palpates an elderly client's t…
Correct response: Auscultate with the bell over the lateral l…
A client presents to the emergency dep…
Correct response: Meningeal inflammation... Explanation: ... Mening…
Health Assessment - Heart and Neck Vessels
midsternal line
midclavicular line
anterior axillary line
precordium
line that divides the body in equal halves left and right
line that divides one half of the chest along the clavicle
line that delineates the lateral border of the thorax at the…
area on the anterior chest directly overlying the heart and g…
midsternal line
line that divides the body in equal halves left and right
midclavicular line
line that divides one half of the chest along the clavicle
19 terms
Head & Neck Health Assessment
4 parts of the skull
Salivary glands
Lymphatics... Preauricular
Lymphatics... Posterior Auricular
Frontal bone... Parietal bone... Temporal bone... Occipital bone
Parotid gland... Submandibular gland
In front of the ear
In back of ear ... (Not bone)
4 parts of the skull
Frontal bone... Parietal bone... Temporal bone... Occipital bone
Salivary glands
Parotid gland... Submandibular gland
Health Assessment: Head and Neck
Anatomy
Chief concerns
OPpQRSTtU
Review of Systems
-skull and scalp: frontal, parietal, occipital, temporal... -fac…
-headache... -head injury ... -head or neck surgery... -traumatic brai…
Onset... Provoking... Quality... Radiating... Severity... Time Understanding
-headache... -head injury... -dizziness... -lightheadedness... -swollen g…
Anatomy
-skull and scalp: frontal, parietal, occipital, temporal... -fac…
Chief concerns
-headache... -head injury ... -head or neck surgery... -traumatic brai…
22 terms
Health Assessment Head and Neck
tension headache
cluster headache
migraine
hydrocephalus
S&S: steady pain, not throbbing in cervical area to the top o…
S&S: sudden, excrutiating pain on one side of the face, sprea…
S&S pulsating pain localized to side, front, or back of head…
S&S: enlargement of head in infants... cause: inadequate draina…
tension headache
S&S: steady pain, not throbbing in cervical area to the top o…
cluster headache
S&S: sudden, excrutiating pain on one side of the face, sprea…
20 terms
Health Assessment: Head & Neck
The head contains the _______, made up…
The neck contains the great vessels su…
The _______________ lymph nodes are in…
The ___________ ______________ lymph n…
Skull (frontal, parietal, temporal, occipital)... Salivary (par…
Carotid... Trachea & Esophagus... Thyroid Gland... Lymph Nodes
preauricular
posterior auricular
The head contains the _______, made up…
Skull (frontal, parietal, temporal, occipital)... Salivary (par…
The neck contains the great vessels su…
Carotid... Trachea & Esophagus... Thyroid Gland... Lymph Nodes
19 terms
Health Assessment Exam 3: Neck
Child lymph system is well developed at?
Lymph becomes "adult size" at what age
When does the lymph begin to slowly at…
Expected palpation of lymph nodes in c…
Birth
6 years old
After puberty
normally palpable, round, mobile, and non-tender
Child lymph system is well developed at?
Birth
Lymph becomes "adult size" at what age
6 years old
14 terms
Health Assessment: Head and Neck
What are the great vessels?
What are located in the midline struct…
Where are the preauricular lymph nodes…
Where are the posterior auricular lymp…
Carotid, jugular
Trachea, esophagus, thyroid gland
In front of the ear
In the back of the ear
What are the great vessels?
Carotid, jugular
What are located in the midline struct…
Trachea, esophagus, thyroid gland
52 terms
health assessment: head and neck
what nerve is responsible for muscle m…
neck pain may accompany what problems?
what can increase neck pain?
sudden head and neck pain seen with el…
cranial nerve XI
muscular problems... cervical spinal cord problems
stress and tension
meningeal inflammation
what nerve is responsible for muscle m…
cranial nerve XI
neck pain may accompany what problems?
muscular problems... cervical spinal cord problems
60 terms
Health Assessment - Heart / Neck Vessels
precordium
apical pulse
great vessels
pericardium
the area on the anterior chest directly overlying the heart a…
during contraction, apex beats against the chest wall... -normal…
lie behind base of heart
tough, fibrous, double-walled sac that surrounds and protects…
precordium
the area on the anterior chest directly overlying the heart a…
apical pulse
during contraction, apex beats against the chest wall... -normal…
health assessment - head and neck
head techniques
hair
hair quality
hair color
inspect and palpate
inspect for quality, quantity, distribution
texture, coarse or fine... dry, coarse = hypothyroidism ... silky =…
no relationship, but maybe sudden color change
head techniques
inspect and palpate
hair
inspect for quality, quantity, distribution
Health Assessment | Head and Neck
normocephalic
microcephaly
acromegaly
a horizontal jerking movement
usually the head is symmetric, round, erect, and in midline a…
an abnormally small head
skull and facial bones are larger and thicker
neuro logic disorders may cause this
normocephalic
usually the head is symmetric, round, erect, and in midline a…
microcephaly
an abnormally small head
104 terms
health assessment Heart&Neck
precordium
great vessels
pericardium
myocardium
The ___ is the area on the anterior chest directly overlying…
The ___ ___ lie bunched above the base of the heart
tough, fibrous, double-walled sac that surrounds and protects…
The ___ is the muscular wall of the heart; it does the pumping
precordium
The ___ is the area on the anterior chest directly overlying…
great vessels
The ___ ___ lie bunched above the base of the heart
103 terms
Health Assessment: Heart and Neck Vessels
The Precordium
The Right Ventricle
Top of the Heart
Bottom of the Heart
-The area on the anterior chest... -Overlies the heart and great…
Occupies most of the anterior chest
Broader, known as the base
Narrower, known as the apex
The Precordium
-The area on the anterior chest... -Overlies the heart and great…
The Right Ventricle
Occupies most of the anterior chest
HEALTH ASSESSMENT - Head, Face, Neck
Fontanels
Posterior fontanel
Anterior fontanel
Enlarges slightly due to hyperplasia o…
Space between skull bones in infants
Triangle-shaped fontanel that closes by 1-2 months
Diamond-shaped fontanel that closes between 9 months and 2 ye…
Expected changes to thyroid gland of pregnant woman
Fontanels
Space between skull bones in infants
Posterior fontanel
Triangle-shaped fontanel that closes by 1-2 months
Head and Neck Health Assessment
frontal, parietal, occipital, and temp…
join bones together; coronal, sagittal…
carotid arteries
trigeminal nerve
bones of the cranium
Sutures
blood supply to the head
nerve supply to the head
frontal, parietal, occipital, and temp…
bones of the cranium
join bones together; coronal, sagittal…
Sutures
25 terms
Health Assessment: Chapter 15 Assessing the Head and Neck
Anterior triangle
Posterior triangle
Internal jugular veins
Carotid arteries
Under mandible anterior to sternomastoid muscle
Between trapezius and sternomastoid muscles
Parallel and anterior to sternomastoid muscle
Parallel and anterior to sternomastoid
Anterior triangle
Under mandible anterior to sternomastoid muscle
Posterior triangle
Between trapezius and sternomastoid muscles
Health Assessment Head, Face, and Neck
coronal sutures
sagittal sutures
lambdoid sutures
palpebral fissures
goes from ear to ear, and is the union of the frontal and par…
separates the head lengthwise, between the two parietal bones
separates the parietal bones crosswise from the occipital bone
the opening between the eyelids
coronal sutures
goes from ear to ear, and is the union of the frontal and par…
sagittal sutures
separates the head lengthwise, between the two parietal bones
67 terms
Head and Neck: Health Assessment
Cranium
Eight Bones of Cranium
Temporal Artery
Parotid Glands
houses and protects brain and major sensory organs
frontal (1)... parietal (2)... temporal (2)... occipital (1)... ethmoid (…
major artery located between eye and top of the ear
located on each side of face, anterior and inferior to ears a…
Cranium
houses and protects brain and major sensory organs
Eight Bones of Cranium
frontal (1)... parietal (2)... temporal (2)... occipital (1)... ethmoid (…
7 terms
Health Assessment for Head and Neck
Skull contains 4 bones
Head has two salivary glands
Head also has one artery
Lymphatics of the head and neck
Temporal, occipital, frontal, and parietal
Parotid gland and submandibular gland
Superficial temporal artery
Preauricular, Posterior Auricular, Occipital, Submental, Subm…
Skull contains 4 bones
Temporal, occipital, frontal, and parietal
Head has two salivary glands
Parotid gland and submandibular gland
Health Assessment- Head, Face, & Neck
Torticollis (Wryneck)
Goiter
Pilar Cyst
Parotoid Gland Enlargement
A hematome in one sternocleomastoid muscle, resulting in head…
Enlargement of the thyroid gland.
Smooth, firm, fluctuant swelling on the scalp that contains s…
Rapid, painful inflammation of the parotid gland, occurs with…
Torticollis (Wryneck)
A hematome in one sternocleomastoid muscle, resulting in head…
Goiter
Enlargement of the thyroid gland.
Advanced Health Assessment Head and Neck
Tics
•Webbing
Parotid glands
•Submandibular gland:
which are spasmodic muscular contractions of the face, head,…
excessive posterior cervical skin, or an unusually short neck…
are a pair of mainly serous salivary glands located inferior…
Lying superior to the digastric muscles, each submandibular g…
Tics
which are spasmodic muscular contractions of the face, head,…
•Webbing
excessive posterior cervical skin, or an unusually short neck…
6 terms
Health Assessment: Neck
mandible
hyoid bone
thyroid cartilage
trachea
midline of the neck
suspended in the neck approximately 2 cm (1 in) above the lar…
largest cartilage of the larynx and is formed by the joining…
commonly called the WINDPIPE, descends from the larynx to the…
mandible
midline of the neck
hyoid bone
suspended in the neck approximately 2 cm (1 in) above the lar…
43 terms
Health Assessment | Head & Neck
Common chief complaints of the head
Common chief complaints of the neck
Headache red flags
Percussion to head and face not routin…
Headache, hx of head injury
Stiffness, decreased ROM, neck mass
- Progressive frequent or severe over last 3 months... - Sudden…
Chvostek's sign - hyperactive reflex when percussing masseter…
Common chief complaints of the head
Headache, hx of head injury
Common chief complaints of the neck
Stiffness, decreased ROM, neck mass
60 terms
Health Assessment - Heart / Neck Vessels
precordium
apical pulse
great vessels
pericardium
the area on the anterior chest directly overlying the heart a…
during contraction, apex beats against the chest wall... -normal…
lie behind base of heart
tough, fibrous, double-walled sac that surrounds and protects…
precordium
the area on the anterior chest directly overlying the heart a…
apical pulse
during contraction, apex beats against the chest wall... -normal…
90 terms
Health Assessment - Head and Neck
two main muscles in neck:
coronal suture
which of the following is most easily…
soft spot on baby's head
stermomastoid and temporal
cross top of scalp from ear to ear
c7, t1 (landmark for resp)
anterior fontanel
two main muscles in neck:
stermomastoid and temporal
coronal suture
cross top of scalp from ear to ear
16 terms
Head and and neck health assessment
Facial bones
Vertebra prominens
Palpebral fissures
Nasolabial folds
14
Cranium is supported by C1 and C2 down to C7- easily pal paye…
Opening between eyelids
Creases extending from nose to corners of mouth
Facial bones
14
Vertebra prominens
Cranium is supported by C1 and C2 down to C7- easily pal paye…
33 terms
Health Assessment: Assessing Head and Neck
A nurse palpates an elderly client's t…
A client presents to the emergency dep…
The nurse is discharging an adult clie…
A 82 year old female presents with nec…
Correct response: Auscultate with the bell over the lateral l…
Correct response: Meningeal inflammation... Explanation: ... Mening…
Correct response: Encourage the use of safety equipment... Expla…
Correct response: Arthritic changes of the cervical spine... Exp…
A nurse palpates an elderly client's t…
Correct response: Auscultate with the bell over the lateral l…
A client presents to the emergency dep…
Correct response: Meningeal inflammation... Explanation: ... Mening…
33 terms
Health Assessment: Assessing Head and Neck
A nurse palpates an elderly client's t…
A client presents to the emergency dep…
The nurse is discharging an adult clie…
A 82 year old female presents with nec…
Correct response: Auscultate with the bell over the lateral l…
Correct response: Meningeal inflammation... Explanation: ... Mening…
Correct response: Encourage the use of safety equipment... Expla…
Correct response: Arthritic changes of the cervical spine... Exp…
A nurse palpates an elderly client's t…
Correct response: Auscultate with the bell over the lateral l…
A client presents to the emergency dep…
Correct response: Meningeal inflammation... Explanation: ... Mening…
30 terms
Health Assessment - Head/Neck/Eyes
located below thyroid cartilage
bulbar conjunctiva, sclera, cornea, ir…
central/color vision
True
Cricoid cartilage
Internal Eye
Macula is responsible for
The sclera has no blood supply (T/F)
located below thyroid cartilage
Cricoid cartilage
bulbar conjunctiva, sclera, cornea, ir…
Internal Eye
36 terms
Head, neck and face- Health Assessment
Types of Headache
Tension headache
Migraine headache
Cluster
tension... migraine... cluster
situational in times of stress or depression... treated with res…
occurs 2x a month for 1-3 days... nausea and vomiting... treat with…
occur multiple times in a day and can last 45-90 min... relieved…
Types of Headache
tension... migraine... cluster
Tension headache
situational in times of stress or depression... treated with res…
50 terms
Health Assessment - Heart and Neck Vessels
midsternal line
midclavicular line
anterior axillary line
precordium
line that divides the body in equal halves left and right
line that divides one half of the chest along the clavicle
line that delineates the lateral border of the thorax at the…
area on the anterior chest directly overlying the heart and g…
midsternal line
line that divides the body in equal halves left and right
midclavicular line
line that divides one half of the chest along the clavicle
18 terms
Health Assessment: Head, Face, and Neck
Skull
Sutures
coronal suture
saggital suture
rigid bony box that protects the brain
immovable joints
crowns the head from ear to ear at the union of the frontal a…
separates the head length wise between the two parietal bones
Skull
rigid bony box that protects the brain
Sutures
immovable joints
66 terms
Health Assessment - Heart and Neck Vessels
The heart
Between the lungs... Behind the left of t…
2nd and 5th
Right border of the sternum
A hollow, muscular organ about the size of a closed fist
The heart is located
The heart is located between the __ and ___ intercostal space
The right border of the heart lines up with the
The heart
A hollow, muscular organ about the size of a closed fist
Between the lungs... Behind the left of t…
The heart is located
42 terms
Health Assessment: Heart & Neck Vessels
aortic regurgitation
clubbing
coarctation of aorta
cor pulmonale
(aortic insufficiency) incompetent aortic valve that allows b…
bulbous enlargement of distal phalanges of fingers and toes t…
severe narrowing of teh descending aorta, a congenital heart…
right ventricle hypertrophy and heart failure due to pulmonar…
aortic regurgitation
(aortic insufficiency) incompetent aortic valve that allows b…
clubbing
bulbous enlargement of distal phalanges of fingers and toes t…
78 terms
Health Assessment Chapter 14 Head and Neck (3)
22
parietal, temporal, occipital, mandible
maxilla, zygomatic, sphenoid, frontal
sutures
the head includes the cranium and facial skeleton, so togethe…
which bones are each of these: A, D, E, L
which bones are each of these: M, N, R, S
what is the term for the what joins the cranial bones together
22
the head includes the cranium and facial skeleton, so togethe…
parietal, temporal, occipital, mandible
which bones are each of these: A, D, E, L
54 terms
Health Assessment- Heart and Neck Vessels
precordium
mediastinum
right ventricle
superior/inferior vena cava
area on the anterior chest directly overlying the heart and g…
location of the heart and major vessels, between the lungs in…
located immediately behind the sternum and forms the greatest…
return unoxygenated venous blood to the right side of the heart
precordium
area on the anterior chest directly overlying the heart and g…
mediastinum
location of the heart and major vessels, between the lungs in…
Health Assessment: Heart and Neck Vessels
Angina Pectoris
Aortic regurgitation
Aortic stenosis
Location of Apex of the heart
ACUTE CHEST PAIN. Occurs when myocardial demand exceeds its o…
Aortic insufficiency. Incompetent aortic valve that allows BA…
Calcification of aortic valve cusps that restricts forward fl…
Left 5th intercostal space
Angina Pectoris
ACUTE CHEST PAIN. Occurs when myocardial demand exceeds its o…
Aortic regurgitation
Aortic insufficiency. Incompetent aortic valve that allows BA…
8 terms
Health Assessment: Heart and Neck Vessels
S1
S2
S3
S4
S1- Normally the first sound heard; "LUB;" best heard in mitr…
Normally second heard; "DUB;" best heard over the Aortic area…
(Abnormal) heard immediately following S2; normal in children…
(Abnormal); heard immediately before S1; may be present in in…
S1
S1- Normally the first sound heard; "LUB;" best heard in mitr…
S2
Normally second heard; "DUB;" best heard over the Aortic area…
60 terms
Health Assessment - Heart / Neck Vessels
precordium
apical pulse
great vessels
pericardium
the area on the anterior chest directly overlying the heart a…
during contraction, apex beats against the chest wall... -normal…
lie behind base of heart
tough, fibrous, double-walled sac that surrounds and protects…
precordium
the area on the anterior chest directly overlying the heart a…
apical pulse
during contraction, apex beats against the chest wall... -normal…
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