Study sets matching "nervous system 2 first"

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Study sets matching "nervous system 2 first"

55 terms
Nervous System 2, The Nervous System 1
neuron
nerve
sensory neuron
relay neuron (interneuron)
nerve cell
bundle of neurons
binds to / responds to external & internal stimulus
sends messages to relay or motor neurons
neuron
nerve cell
nerve
bundle of neurons
234 terms
Nervous System (1), Nervous System (2)
Components of the CNS
Components of the PNS
# of cranial nerves
# of spinal nerves
spinal cord and brain
cranial nerves and spinal nerves
24- (12 pairs)
62 (31 pairs)
Components of the CNS
spinal cord and brain
Components of the PNS
cranial nerves and spinal nerves
83 terms
nervous system 1&2
cell body
dendrites
nissl bodies
nucleus neuron
h
cell body
dendrites
Nervous System 1, 2
Somatic motor pathway
Sensory pathway
Sensory axons enter
Motor axons exit
starts in brain, ventral side of spinal cord, synapses with m…
receptors pick up signal, send to axon (from finger), cell bo…
dorsally (soma in DRG)
ventrally (soma in ventral horn)... - have big cell bodies (moto…
Somatic motor pathway
starts in brain, ventral side of spinal cord, synapses with m…
Sensory pathway
receptors pick up signal, send to axon (from finger), cell bo…
Nervous System (2.1.2)
Nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Central nervous system
Synapse
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, con…
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
The brain and spinal cord (controls most function of the body…
A junction or space where information is transmitted from one…
Nervous system
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, con…
Peripheral nervous system
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
101 terms
nervous system 1 and 2
the leptomeninges are made up of
the cranial meninges are made up of the
superior sagittal sinus
cerebral falx
arachnoid... pia mater
dura mater... arachnoid mater... pia mater
separates the cranial cavity into vertical halves
the leptomeninges are made up of
arachnoid... pia mater
the cranial meninges are made up of the
dura mater... arachnoid mater... pia mater
Nervous System 1 & 2
Two principal divisions of the nervous…
____________ nerves arise from the brain
nerves that arise from the spinal cord…
another name for a sensory neuron is a…
1. Central nervous system - brain and spinal cord... 2. peripher…
cranial
spinal nerves
afferent neuron
Two principal divisions of the nervous…
1. Central nervous system - brain and spinal cord... 2. peripher…
____________ nerves arise from the brain
cranial
2.1 Nervous System
functions of the nervous tissue
CNS components
PNS components
somatic
cells w/ voltage changes in permeability to Na+ ions... excitabl…
brain... brainstem... spinal cord
sensory ganglia... autonomic ganglia... cranial peripheral nerves
locates w/in the body wall and limbs... conscious ... voluntary... der…
functions of the nervous tissue
cells w/ voltage changes in permeability to Na+ ions... excitabl…
CNS components
brain... brainstem... spinal cord
72 terms
1.2 The Nervous System
central nervous system, peripheral ner…
somatic nervous system, autonomic nerv…
central nervous system
12 cranial nerves, 31spinal nerves (pa…
structural divisions of the nervous system
functional division of the nervous system
functions: integrate and coordinate signals and execute highe…
components of the peripheral nervous system
central nervous system, peripheral ner…
structural divisions of the nervous system
somatic nervous system, autonomic nerv…
functional division of the nervous system
22 terms
Ch. 19.1 and 19.2 Nervous System
Axon
Brain
Brain stem
Central nervous system
carries impulses away from the cell body.
part of the CNS that controls most functions in the body.
controls the bodies involuntary activities such as breathing…
consists of the brain and the spinal cord.
Axon
carries impulses away from the cell body.
Brain
part of the CNS that controls most functions in the body.
2.1 The Nervous System
Neuron
Cell body(soma)
Terminal buttons(axon terminals)
Dendrites
- specialized nerve cell that receives, processes, and transm…
- the main part of the neuron, which contains the nucleus and…
- bulb-like structures that pass the information on to glands…
- finger-like structures on the end of a neuron that bring el…
Neuron
- specialized nerve cell that receives, processes, and transm…
Cell body(soma)
- the main part of the neuron, which contains the nucleus and…
46 terms
Nervous System 1 and 2
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Afferent neurons
Efferent Neurons
brain and spinal cord
-cranial, spinal, and peripheral nerves
neurons that carry information towards the CNS
neurons that carry information away from the CNS
Central Nervous System
brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
-cranial, spinal, and peripheral nerves
2.1 The Nervous System
neurons
nerves
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
nerve cells
neuron fiber bundles
brain and spinal cord
carries information from the central nervous system to the re…
neurons
nerve cells
nerves
neuron fiber bundles
23 terms
The nervous system 1.2
What does the nervous system allow you…
How does it do this?
What is your central nervous system?
What is a stimulus?
what is going on both inside and outside your body and respon…
by detecting stimuli and sending this information to your cen…
your brain and spinal chord
a change in the environment that we can detect
What does the nervous system allow you…
what is going on both inside and outside your body and respon…
How does it do this?
by detecting stimuli and sending this information to your cen…
29 terms
The Nervous System - Section 1 and 2
central and peripheral
brain and spinal cord
peripheral
cranial
What are the two major categories of the nervous system?
The central nervous system includes what two major organs?
The ________________ nervous system comprises the nerves that…
The ____________ nerves originate from the brain and extend t…
central and peripheral
What are the two major categories of the nervous system?
brain and spinal cord
The central nervous system includes what two major organs?
78 terms
Nervous system parts 1 and 2
anterior horn of spinal cord
posterior horn of spinal cord
gray commissure of spinal cord
gray matter of the spinal cord
anterior horn of spinal cord
posterior horn of spinal cord
37 terms
1.2 The Nervous System (continued)
viscera, glands, smooth muscle
visceral efferent
visceral afferent
sympathetic and parasympathetic
areas NOT supplied by the somatic nervous system through sens…
ANS supplies motor innervation to cardiac and smooth muscle,…
ANS supplies sensory innervation to cardiac and smooth muscle…
efferent nerve fibers and ganglia of ANS divided in this way;…
viscera, glands, smooth muscle
areas NOT supplied by the somatic nervous system through sens…
visceral efferent
ANS supplies motor innervation to cardiac and smooth muscle,…
12 terms
The Nervous system HBS 2.1.
Central Nervous system
Brain
Spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous system
includes brain and spinal cord... coordinator of the body's full…
movement, perception, memory, learning, emotion, consciousness
simple reflexes, rhythmic movements, sensory info (touch, tem…
receives information from body tissues and the outside world…
Central Nervous system
includes brain and spinal cord... coordinator of the body's full…
Brain
movement, perception, memory, learning, emotion, consciousness
12 terms
B1.2 - The nervous system
What is the nervous system made up of
Receptors in the eyes
receptors in the ears
receptors in the tongue
Brain, Spinal cord, neurones
Sensitive to light
sensitive to sound and changes in position
sensitive to chemicals and enable us to taste and smell
What is the nervous system made up of
Brain, Spinal cord, neurones
Receptors in the eyes
Sensitive to light
22 terms
Nervous System (S1&2)
stimulus
response
neuron
nerve impulse
any change or signal in the environment that can make an orga…
what the body does in reaction to a change in the environment
a cell that carries information through the nervous system
the message carried by a neuron
stimulus
any change or signal in the environment that can make an orga…
response
what the body does in reaction to a change in the environment
The nervous system CH1&2
Monism
Dualism
materialism monism
Descartes
Mind and Body are one whole
Mind and body are separate
mind and body, and everything else are physical
french philosopher, used hydraulic model and concluded animal…
Monism
Mind and Body are one whole
Dualism
Mind and body are separate
44 terms
Nervous system (2) pt. 1
The brain and spinal cord are protecte…
3 connective tissue membranes in menin…
Dura mater
Arachnoid mater
1.meninges... 2.cerebrospinal fluid... 3.blood-brain barrier... 4.bone
1.dura mater... 2.arachnoid mater... 3.pia mater
Outermost double layer thick and leathery
Spider web like middle layer
The brain and spinal cord are protecte…
1.meninges... 2.cerebrospinal fluid... 3.blood-brain barrier... 4.bone
3 connective tissue membranes in menin…
1.dura mater... 2.arachnoid mater... 3.pia mater
162 terms
2. nervous system
Nervous system
2 nervous system categories
CNS
PNS
gathers information to monitor changes occurring inside and o…
central nervous system (CNS)... periferral nervous system (PNS)
brain and spinal cord
extremities (spinal & cranial nerves outside the brain and sp…
Nervous system
gathers information to monitor changes occurring inside and o…
2 nervous system categories
central nervous system (CNS)... periferral nervous system (PNS)
31 terms
Nervous System 2
Neuron
CNS
PNS
Central
A nerve cell
The brain and the spinal cord form this system (abbreviation)
The nervous system not involving the brain or spinal cord. (a…
The brain and the spinal cord are called the ................…
Neuron
A nerve cell
CNS
The brain and the spinal cord form this system (abbreviation)
The Nervous System 6.1 - 6.2
Central nervous system (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
The 2 main functions of the nervous sy…
Autonomic responses
Part of the nervous system that is made up of the brain and s…
Part of the nervous system that consists of all of the nerves…
1. To coordinate / control all bodily functions ... 2. To respon…
Without conscious thought (reflexes)
Central nervous system (CNS)
Part of the nervous system that is made up of the brain and s…
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Part of the nervous system that consists of all of the nerves…
17 terms
Nervous System 2
cerebrum
voluntary
intelligence, learning, judgement
deep groove
largest region of the brain
the type of actions that the cerebrum is responsible for; the…
three other important things located in the cerebrum
divides the cerebrum into left and right hemispheres
cerebrum
largest region of the brain
voluntary
the type of actions that the cerebrum is responsible for; the…
20 terms
Nervous System 1
Axon
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
White Matter
Long slender projection of a nerve cell
Brain and spinal cord
Cranial and peripheral nerves (everything other than brain an…
Contains axons that are surrounded by myelin
Axon
Long slender projection of a nerve cell
Central Nervous System
Brain and spinal cord
Nervous System CP1
CNS (Central Nervous System)
PNS (Peripheral Nervous System)
Neuron
Axon
Brain and Spinal Cord; Coordinates, controls, and responds.
Sensory and Motor Neurons
A specialized cell used that processes and sends information…
The long "arm" of a neuron; conducts the nerve signal away fr…
CNS (Central Nervous System)
Brain and Spinal Cord; Coordinates, controls, and responds.
PNS (Peripheral Nervous System)
Sensory and Motor Neurons
38 terms
nervous system 1
neurons
neurons and glia
glia
neuron anatomy
functional units ... information processing
2 types of nervous system cells
supportive ... maintain homeostasis ... most common cell
dendrite, cell body (Perikaryon), axon, synapse
neurons
functional units ... information processing
neurons and glia
2 types of nervous system cells
Psych 2.1 Nervous System
Nervous System
neuroscience
Central Nervous System consists of...
Peripheral Nervous System consists of...
a network of cells that carries information to and from all p…
a branch of the life sciences that deal with the structure an…
Spinal Cord and Brain
Autonomic and Somatic N.S.
Nervous System
a network of cells that carries information to and from all p…
neuroscience
a branch of the life sciences that deal with the structure an…
25 terms
1.09 Nervous System 2
What are three different structural cl…
Just note - sensory, afferent. Motor,…
Neuroglia perform supplementary functi…
Astrocytes - General function? What ro…
Unipolar, bipolar, multipolar
Interneurons
...
To provide metabolic/structural support of neurons... Tight junc…
What are three different structural cl…
Unipolar, bipolar, multipolar
Just note - sensory, afferent. Motor,…
Interneurons
Nervous System 1 (Exam 2)
central nervous system (CNS)
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
sensory (afferent) division
somatic sensory
brain and spinal cord... "control center"
cranial nerves, spinal nerves, and ganglia... -sensory division…
under PNS, transmits information TO the CNS from sensory rece…
under PNS and sensory (afferent) division, receives sensory i…
central nervous system (CNS)
brain and spinal cord... "control center"
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
cranial nerves, spinal nerves, and ganglia... -sensory division…
29 terms
The Nervous System General 1
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Neurons
Dendrite
Part of the nervous system that is made up of the brain and s…
Part of the nervous system that consists of all of the nerves…
Nerve cells. They carry electrical messages from one area of…
The branched part of the neuron that receives incoming messag…
Central nervous system
Part of the nervous system that is made up of the brain and s…
Peripheral nervous system
Part of the nervous system that consists of all of the nerves…
22 terms
nervous system lesson 1 and 2
stimulus
response
neuron
nerve impulse
any change or signal in the environment that can make an orga…
an action or change in behavior that occurs.
a cell that carries information through the nervous system.
the message carried by a neutron.
stimulus
any change or signal in the environment that can make an orga…
response
an action or change in behavior that occurs.
47 terms
Nervous System 1 Exam #2
Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System
Neuron (Nerve Cell)
Specialized cells sense environment/allow rapid, long distanc…
Brain and Spinal Cord
All nerves attached to the CNS
Special cells that conduct electrical impulses
Nervous System
Specialized cells sense environment/allow rapid, long distanc…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Brain and Spinal Cord
24 terms
Nervous System 2 AP 1
Cranial Meninges... surround the ____ and…
Application of interest: blow to ___,…
Mkst cerebrospinal fluid seems to aris…
Three parts of brainstem
brain, spinal meninges... dura mater... arachnoid... pia mater... arachno…
temple, meningeal artery, extradural hemorrhage, cranial pres…
lateral ventricles
medulla, pons, midbrain
Cranial Meninges... surround the ____ and…
brain, spinal meninges... dura mater... arachnoid... pia mater... arachno…
Application of interest: blow to ___,…
temple, meningeal artery, extradural hemorrhage, cranial pres…
33 terms
Nervous System notes 1 and 2
What are the jobs of the nervous system?
What is the stimulus?
What is the response?
A beach ball is tossed to you and you…
1. receive info from inside and outside of body... 2. Allow to r…
Change in environment that makes you react
what your body does in reaction to stimulus
Stimulus: beachball... Response: catching the ball
What are the jobs of the nervous system?
1. receive info from inside and outside of body... 2. Allow to r…
What is the stimulus?
Change in environment that makes you react
Quizzes (Nervous System 1 & 2)
The nervous system is classified funct…
Which statement about myelin is true?
Which supporting cell in not the in CNS?
The parasympathetic division of the au…
Afferent...efferent
It is found covering axon only
Schwann Cells
"resting and digesting" (slowing)
The nervous system is classified funct…
Afferent...efferent
Which statement about myelin is true?
It is found covering axon only
Nervous system pg. 1 & 2
Sensory input
Integration
Motor output
Central nervous system (CNS)
Gathered info from stimulus
Processing and interpreting sensory input
Response that activates muscles or glands
Brain and spinal cord
Sensory input
Gathered info from stimulus
Integration
Processing and interpreting sensory input
HAP1 - Nervous system 2
Protection of the brain
Three meninge layers and their propert…
Ventricles and their function
Cerebral spinal fluid functions
Flat cranial bone surrounding brain ... Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF…
Dura mater - Hard leathery protective layer attaches to crani…
Third, Fourth and lateral ventricles ... Production and distribu…
Soft blow protection ... Makes brain float to make it lighter ... W…
Protection of the brain
Flat cranial bone surrounding brain ... Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF…
Three meninge layers and their propert…
Dura mater - Hard leathery protective layer attaches to crani…
Nervous System review (2)
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous system
Autonomic Nervous System
Somatic Nervous System
(CNS) brain and spinal cord.
Body Nerves that connect to the central nervous system (brain…
Controls involuntary bodily functions (not consciously contro…
Controls voluntary bodily functions (consciously controlled),…
Central Nervous System
(CNS) brain and spinal cord.
Peripheral Nervous system
Body Nerves that connect to the central nervous system (brain…
21 terms
Peripheral Nervous System 1
olfactory nerve (I)
optic nerve (II)
oculomotor nerve (III)
trochlear nerve (IV)
consists of sensory neurons for smell that pass through the c…
contains sensory axons for vision that originate from the ret…
contains motor axons for 4 extrinsic eye muscles (superior re…
contains motor axons for one extrinsic eye muscle (superior o…
olfactory nerve (I)
consists of sensory neurons for smell that pass through the c…
optic nerve (II)
contains sensory axons for vision that originate from the ret…
42 terms
Anatomy 2: Nervous System 1
Nervous System
4 effectors
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
the bodies primary communication and control system,... integrat…
Skeletal muscle (voluntary)... smooth muscle... cardiac muscle... glands
brain and spinal cord
includes nerves and ganglia
Nervous System
the bodies primary communication and control system,... integrat…
4 effectors
Skeletal muscle (voluntary)... smooth muscle... cardiac muscle... glands
22 terms
Group #2 - Nervous System (Pd. 1)
Peripheral Nervous System
Lens
Eardrum
Semicircular Canal
the nervous system outside the brain and spinal cord.
Focuses the object that you are processing through your eyes.
...a membrane of the middle ear that vibrates in response to…
three fluid-filled bony channels in the inner ear. They are s…
Peripheral Nervous System
the nervous system outside the brain and spinal cord.
Lens
Focuses the object that you are processing through your eyes.
22 terms
Group #1 Nervous System (pd 2)
Central Nervous System
Spinal Cord
Cerebrum
Sensory Nerves
the brain and the spinal cord
The main communication highway of the nervous system
Controls body movements, consists of two hemispeheres
...Carries sensory information throughout the body
Central Nervous System
the brain and the spinal cord
Spinal Cord
The main communication highway of the nervous system
13 terms
Nervous System B1.2.1
Stimulus (Stimuli)
Receptor
Light Receptors
Sound Receptors
Change in the environment
A cell which detects a stimulus
Eye
Ears
Stimulus (Stimuli)
Change in the environment
Receptor
A cell which detects a stimulus
Nervous System Section 1 and 2 Review
The 3 functions of the nervous system
The definition of Integration
The two ways we divide the nervous sys…
The two structural divisions of the ne…
Sensory Input, Integration, Motor Output
To process and interpret sensory input and decide if action i…
structurally and functionally
central nervous system and peripheral nervous system
The 3 functions of the nervous system
Sensory Input, Integration, Motor Output
The definition of Integration
To process and interpret sensory input and decide if action i…
24 terms
Nervous System 2 (P1)
Brainstem
Pons
Midbrain
Medulla
Survival functions - alert/awake
regulates breathing
coordinates hearing and visual
Controls heart rate, swallowing, vomiting, resting, and diges…
Brainstem
Survival functions - alert/awake
Pons
regulates breathing
36 terms
Central Nervous System 1/2
Brain
Development of Brain
Primary Brain Vesicals... (Three regions)
Prosecephalon divides into 2 regions
Men 1600 g... Women 1450 g
Folding of neural tube 4th week ... Expansion and constriction o…
Prosencephalon... Mesencephalon... Rhombencephalon
Telencephalon- becomes cerebrum ... Diencephalon- Thalamus and h…
Brain
Men 1600 g... Women 1450 g
Development of Brain
Folding of neural tube 4th week ... Expansion and constriction o…
82 terms
Nervous system 2nd 1/2
Light Refraction
Focus distance
Convergence
Far vision
Light rays are bent refracted as they enter the eye which dir…
Distance it takes for light rays to converge on the fovea aft…
Light rays come together/merge, converge into a point directl…
Refraction & Conversion occur easily when focusing on a dista…
Light Refraction
Light rays are bent refracted as they enter the eye which dir…
Focus distance
Distance it takes for light rays to converge on the fovea aft…
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