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Study sets matching "nervous system 2"

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Study sets matching "nervous system 2"

44 terms
nervous system
neuron
nerve
sensory neuron
relay neuron (interneuron)
nerve cell
bundle of neurons
binds to / responds to external & internal stimulus
sends messages to relay or motor neurons
neuron
nerve cell
nerve
bundle of neurons
31 terms
Nervous System 2
Neuron
CNS
PNS
Central
A nerve cell
The brain and the spinal cord form this system (abbreviation)
The nervous system not involving the brain or spinal cord. (a…
The brain and the spinal cord are called the ................…
Neuron
A nerve cell
CNS
The brain and the spinal cord form this system (abbreviation)
17 terms
Nervous System 2
cerebrum
voluntary
intelligence, learning, judgement
deep groove
largest region of the brain
the type of actions that the cerebrum is responsible for; the…
three other important things located in the cerebrum
divides the cerebrum into left and right hemispheres
cerebrum
largest region of the brain
voluntary
the type of actions that the cerebrum is responsible for; the…
162 terms
2. nervous system
Nervous system
2 nervous system categories
CNS
PNS
gathers information to monitor changes occurring inside and o…
central nervous system (CNS)... periferral nervous system (PNS)
brain and spinal cord
extremities (spinal & cranial nerves outside the brain and sp…
Nervous system
gathers information to monitor changes occurring inside and o…
2 nervous system categories
central nervous system (CNS)... periferral nervous system (PNS)
Nervous System review (2)
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous system
Autonomic Nervous System
Somatic Nervous System
(CNS) brain and spinal cord.
Body Nerves that connect to the central nervous system (brain…
Controls involuntary bodily functions (not consciously contro…
Controls voluntary bodily functions (consciously controlled),…
Central Nervous System
(CNS) brain and spinal cord.
Peripheral Nervous system
Body Nerves that connect to the central nervous system (brain…
24 terms
Nervous System #2
Rostral
Caudal
Brain
Gray Matter
(toward forehead)
(toward cord)
...
the darker tissue of the brain and spinal cord, consisting ma…
Rostral
(toward forehead)
Caudal
(toward cord)
15 terms
Nervous system 2
Sodium channels open
More sodium channels open
Sodium channels close
Potassium channels open
1
2
3
4
Sodium channels open
1
More sodium channels open
2
27 terms
Nervous System 2
Nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Central nervous system
Synapse
The body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, con…
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
The brain and spinal cord
A junction or space where information is transmitted from one…
Nervous system
The body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, con…
Peripheral nervous system
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
18 terms
Nervous System (P2)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Voluntary
Involuntary
Nerves on the outside, that branch off your central nervous s…
Processes incoming and outgoing messages.Contains Brain and S…
in control of your actions (ex. movement)
actions that you do not control, work automatically. (ex. hea…
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Nerves on the outside, that branch off your central nervous s…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Processes incoming and outgoing messages.Contains Brain and S…
12 terms
Nervous System Round 2
paraplegia
ataxia
aura
coma
paralysis of both legs and the lower part of the body
lack of muscle coordination
A sensation experienced prior to a seizure; serves as a warni…
deep prolonged unconsciousness caused by disease, poison, or…
paraplegia
paralysis of both legs and the lower part of the body
ataxia
lack of muscle coordination
8 terms
Science Nervous System #2
neurons
Nerve impulse
synapse
three types of neurons
nerve cells
message that a neuron carries
place where a neuron transfers an impulse to another structure
sensory neurons- picks up stimulus and changes it into sensor…
neurons
nerve cells
Nerve impulse
message that a neuron carries
59 terms
Nervous System 2
Meninges
Dura mater
Arachnoid Mater
Pia Mater
Membranes located between bone and soft tissues of the nervou…
Outermost layer of the meninges, has blood vessels
No blood vessels, middle layer of the meninges (resembles a s…
Inner membrane of the meninges, contains nerves and blood ves…
Meninges
Membranes located between bone and soft tissues of the nervou…
Dura mater
Outermost layer of the meninges, has blood vessels
36 terms
Biology: Nervous System 2
Major Regions of the Brain
Nervous
Lobes
Gyri
1. Cerebral hemispheres... 2. Diencephalon... 3. Brain stem... 4. Cere…
___________ tissue is soft and delicate and neurons do not re…
The brain (cerebrum) is divided into 4 ________.
The brain is covered with elevated ridges called ________.
Major Regions of the Brain
1. Cerebral hemispheres... 2. Diencephalon... 3. Brain stem... 4. Cere…
Nervous
___________ tissue is soft and delicate and neurons do not re…
7.2 nervous system
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Cranial Nerves
Afferent Spinal Nerves
one part of the nervous system, it functions by taking signal…
the second part of the nervous system, it is located in nerve…
the nerves that branch from the brain into the body. located…
the nerves that carry signals to the brain from the rest of t…
Central Nervous System
one part of the nervous system, it functions by taking signal…
Peripheral Nervous System
the second part of the nervous system, it is located in nerve…
55 terms
Nervous System 2
Inferior Oblique, Inferior Rectus, Sup…
Lacrimal Gland
Cornea
Sclera
Extrinsic Eye Muscles (6)
Inferior Oblique, Inferior Rectus, Sup…
Extrinsic Eye Muscles (6)
Lacrimal Gland
29 terms
Nervous system 2
Schwann cells
neurilemma
Three Functional Classes of Neurons
Sensory Neurons
Forms the myelin sheath in the PNS
Outer surface of Schwann cell
Sensory neurons... Interneurons... Motor neurons
Unipolar neurons... Deliver information from receptors to CNS al…
Schwann cells
Forms the myelin sheath in the PNS
neurilemma
Outer surface of Schwann cell
56 terms
Nervous System
Functions: helps detect what....
subdivisions of the nervous system (2)
CNS controls what
CNS does what two things
detects changes in environment... initiate response, controls an…
CNS, PNS
brain and spinal cord
detects, integrates and evaluates information... controls the ac…
Functions: helps detect what....
detects changes in environment... initiate response, controls an…
subdivisions of the nervous system (2)
CNS, PNS
12 terms
Nervous System 2
Central Nervous System
Cerebrum
Cerebellum
Spinal Cord
Brain and spinal cord
Area of the brain responsible for all voluntary activities of…
Controls muscles, balance, and coordination
Nerves that run up and down the length of the back and transm…
Central Nervous System
Brain and spinal cord
Cerebrum
Area of the brain responsible for all voluntary activities of…
36 terms
Nervous System 2
Pia mater
dura mater
arachnoid mater
subarachnoid space
brain membrane that follows the irregular cotours of the brai…
outermost brain membrane that lines the inside surface of the…
brain membrane layer that does not follow the contours of the…
space between meninges in which cerebrospinal fluid resides
Pia mater
brain membrane that follows the irregular cotours of the brai…
dura mater
outermost brain membrane that lines the inside surface of the…
12 terms
Nervous System Part 2
Reflex
Cerebellum
Brain Stem
Cerebrum
A fast, involuntary response. Can protect your body from gett…
Affects your balance and coordination
Controls involuntary functions such as heart rate.
Largest Part of the Brain. Controls thinking, memory, and you…
Reflex
A fast, involuntary response. Can protect your body from gett…
Cerebellum
Affects your balance and coordination
30 terms
The Nervous System 2
Pons
Reflex Arc
Somatic reflex
Autonomic reflex
Contains reflex centers involved in regulating respiratory rh…
Route from sensory neuron to interneuron to motor neuron. Pat…
Type of reflex activation that involves the regulation of ske…
Type of reflex activation that involves regulation of heart m…
Pons
Contains reflex centers involved in regulating respiratory rh…
Reflex Arc
Route from sensory neuron to interneuron to motor neuron. Pat…
11 terms
Nervous System Vocabulary Part 2
sensory neurons
interneuron
motor neuron
synapse
Take incoming information from the sensory receptors to the b…
A neuron that is connected to other neurons, not to sense org…
Carry outgoing information from the brain and spinal cord t…
space between two neurons where neurotransmitters travel
sensory neurons
Take incoming information from the sensory receptors to the b…
interneuron
A neuron that is connected to other neurons, not to sense org…
14 terms
31.2 The nervous system
Homeostasis
human nervous system
The Brain and the Spinal Cord
spinal cord
The ability of a cell or organism to maintain stable... internal…
Two Parts:... Central Nervous System... a. Brain... b. Spinal…
Where does processing of information occur in the... nervous sys…
Nervous system impulses are transmitted by cells... called neuro…
Homeostasis
The ability of a cell or organism to maintain stable... internal…
human nervous system
Two Parts:... Central Nervous System... a. Brain... b. Spinal…
16 terms
Nervous System Part 2
Reflex
Cerebellum
Brain Stem
Cerebrum
A fast, involuntary response. Can protect your body from gett…
Affects your balance and coordination
Controls involuntary functions such as heart rate.
Largest Part of the Brain. Controls thinking, memory, and you…
Reflex
A fast, involuntary response. Can protect your body from gett…
Cerebellum
Affects your balance and coordination
12 terms
Nervous System part 2
cerebrum
cerebellum
brain stem
brain, nerves, and spinal cord
Which part of the brain controls memory, thinking, and learni…
Which part of the brain controls the muscular coordination an…
Which part of the brain controls involuntary functions like b…
What are the three main parts of the nervous system?
cerebrum
Which part of the brain controls memory, thinking, and learni…
cerebellum
Which part of the brain controls the muscular coordination an…
20 terms
Psych 2: Nervous system
Homeostasis
Nervous system
Reflexive Behavior
Species typical behavior
must maintain its own internal state in a condition which sus…
Animals use nervous system to adapt. Must be able to sense op…
Animals respond directly to stimuli with simple muscle contra…
"instinctive" behavior patterns typically seen in all normal…
Homeostasis
must maintain its own internal state in a condition which sus…
Nervous system
Animals use nervous system to adapt. Must be able to sense op…
21 terms
Nervous System week 2
Cephal/o
Encephal/o
Mening/o
Myel/o
Head
Inside the head (BRAIN)
Membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord
Spinal cord
Cephal/o
Head
Encephal/o
Inside the head (BRAIN)
17 terms
5-2 Nervous System
nervous system
nerve impulses
brain
cerebrum
the body system that gathers and interprets information about…
The nervous system uses these to transmit messages from one p…
mass of nervous tissue that is located inside your skull
largest part of the brain that controls your senses and volun…
nervous system
the body system that gathers and interprets information about…
nerve impulses
The nervous system uses these to transmit messages from one p…
31 terms
Drugs Nervous System 2
Timolol
Apraclonidine
Acetazolamide
Latanoprost
Occular Hypertension; Timoptic... MoA: B2 receptor antagonist i…
Occular Hypertension; Iodipine... MoA: Alpha-2 receptor agonist…
Occular Hypertension... MoA: Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor reduc…
Occular Hypertension, open-angle glaucoma; Xalatan... MoA: Pros…
Timolol
Occular Hypertension; Timoptic... MoA: B2 receptor antagonist i…
Apraclonidine
Occular Hypertension; Iodipine... MoA: Alpha-2 receptor agonist…
137 terms
Anatomy 2: Nervous System
What are 4 general functions of the ne…
Functions:... Examples of Sensations
Functions:... Motor Activity
Functions: ... Homeostasis
Sensations... Motor Activity... Integration/Interpretation... Homeosta…
Pain... Smell... Taste... Pressure... Heat... Sight
Movement/Response... Internal & External... Comes from CNS
Internal environment within tolerable range to external envir…
What are 4 general functions of the ne…
Sensations... Motor Activity... Integration/Interpretation... Homeosta…
Functions:... Examples of Sensations
Pain... Smell... Taste... Pressure... Heat... Sight
160 terms
Nervous System (Q2)
Electrical and Chemical signals
Sensory Input
Central Nervous System
Motor-Output
The Nervous System uses what kinds of signals to communicate…
What is the input called that is gathered from the sensory re…
What is the part of the Nervous System that processes and int…
What is the output called when effector organs (muscles/gland…
Electrical and Chemical signals
The Nervous System uses what kinds of signals to communicate…
Sensory Input
What is the input called that is gathered from the sensory re…
81 terms
Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous system
Autonomic Nervous System
Somatic Nervous System
(CNS) brain and spinal cord.
Body Nerves that connect to the central nervous system (brain…
Controls involuntary bodily functions (not consciously contro…
Controls voluntary bodily functions (consciously controlled),…
Central Nervous System
(CNS) brain and spinal cord.
Peripheral Nervous system
Body Nerves that connect to the central nervous system (brain…
32 terms
(2) Nervous System
Cervical Enlargement
Lumbar Enlargement
Cauda Equina
Cerebrum
Cervical Enlargement
Lumbar Enlargement
101 terms
The Nervous System 2
Meninges
Dura Mater
Endosteal layer
Menigeal layer
1. Dura Mater... 2. Arachnoid Mater... 3. Pia Mater
outermost "tough" layer that protects the brain from displace…
lies against the inside of the cranium
lies on top of the arachnoid mater (but separated by subdural…
Meninges
1. Dura Mater... 2. Arachnoid Mater... 3. Pia Mater
Dura Mater
outermost "tough" layer that protects the brain from displace…
90 terms
Nervous System
Gray Matter
White Matter
Ventral Root
Dorsal Root
"butterfly shape" in the spinal cord, controlled by nerve cel…
outer part in the spinal cord, made up of axons
Axons of efferent neurons leaving spinal cord
Sensory info coming into spinal cord
Gray Matter
"butterfly shape" in the spinal cord, controlled by nerve cel…
White Matter
outer part in the spinal cord, made up of axons
30 terms
2. Autonomic Nervous System
Describe the difference in:... *The anato…
Describe the difference in:... *Neurotran…
*Describe the major receptors for the…
*Describe the involvement of the ANS i…
Sympathetic -- shorter preganglionic axon... longer post-ganglio…
Parasympathetic only uses ACh... Sympathetic uses ACh on post-g…
cholinergic -- Ach: Nicotinic on skeletal muscle endplates…
Immune cells have receptors for Adrenonergic and cholinergic…
Describe the difference in:... *The anato…
Sympathetic -- shorter preganglionic axon... longer post-ganglio…
Describe the difference in:... *Neurotran…
Parasympathetic only uses ACh... Sympathetic uses ACh on post-g…
81 terms
Benyo 2: Nervous System
Functions of the Nervous System
2 Nervous system divisions
3 parts of Central Nervous System and…
Peripheral Nervous System function, se…
1.Sensory: input from external & internal environment... 2. Inte…
1. Central nervous system... 2. Peripheral nervous system
a. Spinal Cord... - Conduit from PNS to brain and vice versa... - R…
- Sensory (afferent) sends information to Motor (efferent) ... -…
Functions of the Nervous System
1.Sensory: input from external & internal environment... 2. Inte…
2 Nervous system divisions
1. Central nervous system... 2. Peripheral nervous system
96 terms
Nervous System 2
a junction that mediates information t…
neuron that conducts impulses toward t…
neuron that transmits impulses away fr…
synapses specialized for the release a…
synapses
presynaptic neuron
postsynaptic neuron
chemical synapses
a junction that mediates information t…
synapses
neuron that conducts impulses toward t…
presynaptic neuron
11 terms
Nervous System 2 (Electrical Event)
Polarization
Threshold Potential
Action Potential
Depolarization
Resting Membrane Potential. Most commonly -70 mV.
The potential charge the neuron must reach to allow for an ac…
Nerve Impulse
If the axon reaches the threshold charge, the Na+ gates will…
Polarization
Resting Membrane Potential. Most commonly -70 mV.
Threshold Potential
The potential charge the neuron must reach to allow for an ac…
14 terms
Nervous System
Nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Central nervous system
Synapse
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, con…
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
The brain and spinal cord
A junction or space where information is transmitted from one…
Nervous system
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, con…
Peripheral nervous system
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
17 terms
2.3a The Nervous System
Brain
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Cerebellum
Cerebrum
Organ of the central nervous system of mammals where vital fu…
Part of the nervous system made up of the brain and spinal cord
Part of the brain that controls balance and coordination of m…
Large folded part of the brain that controls memory, thoughts…
Brain
Organ of the central nervous system of mammals where vital fu…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Part of the nervous system made up of the brain and spinal cord
28 terms
#2 The Nervous System
Anterior
Autonomic nervous system (ANS)
Brainstem
Brodmann area
Toward the front end (antonym of posterior).
The part of the PNS that influences the function of internal…
The posterior part of the brain, adjoining and structurally c…
A region of the cerebral cortex that is defined by its cytoar…
Anterior
Toward the front end (antonym of posterior).
Autonomic nervous system (ANS)
The part of the PNS that influences the function of internal…
82 terms
2.2 Nervous system
Chemical Synapse
Electrical synapse
Electrical
Chemical receptors
these synapses use paracrine communication and are one way.
these synapses use direct communication via gap junctions and…
these events influence integration which occurs at the synaps…
sensory information of taste, smell, and visceral (ph of body).
Chemical Synapse
these synapses use paracrine communication and are one way.
Electrical synapse
these synapses use direct communication via gap junctions and…
11 terms
Nervous System Lesson 2
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
brain
spinal cord
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervou…
Control center of the nervous system
The thick column of nerve tissue that links the brain to most…
central nervous system
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervou…
79 terms
Nervous System 2
Gray matter
White matter
Cerebral Hemisphere
Cerebral cortex
What type of matter is this?
What type of matter are these
Region of the brain that contains ... cerebral cortex... Cerebral w…
region of the brain that contains... primary motor cortex... premot…
Gray matter
What type of matter is this?
White matter
What type of matter are these
35 terms
Bio 2- Nervous System
Neurons
3 classes of neurons
Structure of a neuron
Resting Potential (difference in 2 are…
basic units of communication in nearly all nervous systems ... -…
- sensory neurons (eyes, ears, skin)... -interneurons (brain)... -m…
-Charge difference across the plasma membrane of a neuron ... -f…
Neurons
basic units of communication in nearly all nervous systems ... -…
3 classes of neurons
- sensory neurons (eyes, ears, skin)... -interneurons (brain)... -m…
28 terms
Nervous System Practical 2
Cell Body
Axon
Dendrites
Axon Terminal
Cell Body
Axon
16 terms
Nervous system development 2
Pial layer... 6 layers of cells... Ventricle…
What cell helps guide neurons
which level do neurons go to first?
How do axons grow out?
Glial cells
The closest layer, level 6
there are repellent and attractant and friends that guide the…
Pial layer... 6 layers of cells... Ventricle…
What cell helps guide neurons
Glial cells
35 terms
The Nervous System Modified For Div 2
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
autonomic nervous system
somatic nervous system
Part of the nervous system that is made up of the brain and s…
Part of the nervous system that consists of all of the nerves…
This part of your nervous system controls body functions not…
This part of your nervous system controls body functions unde…
central nervous system
Part of the nervous system that is made up of the brain and s…
peripheral nervous system
Part of the nervous system that consists of all of the nerves…
234 terms
Nervous System (1), Nervous System (2)
Components of the CNS
Components of the PNS
# of cranial nerves
# of spinal nerves
spinal cord and brain
cranial nerves and spinal nerves
24- (12 pairs)
62 (31 pairs)
Components of the CNS
spinal cord and brain
Components of the PNS
cranial nerves and spinal nerves
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