Study sets matching "nervous system 2"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "nervous system 2"

6 terms
Nervous System 2
Vagus
Sciatic
Arachnoid Layer
Dura Mater
cranial nerve serving neck and chest area
longest/widest nerve in the body running from the lower back…
mid layer of meninges, web-like and cushioning
durable outer layer of meninges; protects, senses pain
Vagus
cranial nerve serving neck and chest area
Sciatic
longest/widest nerve in the body running from the lower back…
62 terms
Nervous System 2
Cervical Plexuses
Thoracic Nerves
Cervical Enlargement
Lumbar Enlargement
Nerves that form networking by joining with adjacent nerves o…
Are Distributed directly to the struduies they supply in inte…
Nerves supply the upper extremeties.
Nerves supply the lower extremeties.
Cervical Plexuses
Nerves that form networking by joining with adjacent nerves o…
Thoracic Nerves
Are Distributed directly to the struduies they supply in inte…
11 terms
Nervous System 2
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Brain
Spinal Cord
(Brain Nervous System)
The area that is responsible for all voluntary activities of…
The mass of nerve tissue that is the main control center of t…
Nerves that run up and down the length of the back and transm…
Central Nervous System
(Brain Nervous System)
Peripheral Nervous System
The area that is responsible for all voluntary activities of…
11.2 Nervous System
brain and spinal cord
protected by the cranium, meninges, an…
coordinates functions necessary to liv…
coordinates muscle movements, balance,…
central nervous system
brain
brain stem
cerebellum
brain and spinal cord
central nervous system
protected by the cranium, meninges, an…
brain
Nervous System2
Brain Spinal cord
nerves linking CNS to rest of body
glial cells
astrocytes
2 parts of the CNS
what makes up the PNS?
structurally and functionally support and protect neurons
type of cells making up the blood-brain barrier
Brain Spinal cord
2 parts of the CNS
nerves linking CNS to rest of body
what makes up the PNS?
18 terms
Topic 2: The Nervous System
Central nervous system (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Glial cells
Membrane potential
-Brain and spinal cord... -Can act as an integration center and/…
-Peripheral nerves... -Send signals to the effectors... -Afferent/e…
Supporting cells... - surround neurons and hold them in place ... -…
Measure of the difference in charge between the cell cytoplas…
Central nervous system (CNS)
-Brain and spinal cord... -Can act as an integration center and/…
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
-Peripheral nerves... -Send signals to the effectors... -Afferent/e…
2. Peripheral Nervous System
Spinal Nerves
Names of Spinal Nerves
Phrenic Nerve
Phrenic Nerve Medical Application
31 pairs of spinal nerves... All are mixed nerves named for poi…
7 cervical vertebrae give rise to 8 pairs of cervical spinal…
Originates from cervical region ... Innervates the diaphragm an…
Irritation of the phrenic nerve causes spasms of the diaphrag…
Spinal Nerves
31 pairs of spinal nerves... All are mixed nerves named for poi…
Names of Spinal Nerves
7 cervical vertebrae give rise to 8 pairs of cervical spinal…
Bio2 - Chap 37 - Nervous system
ax- (axon)
inter (interneuron)
moto- (motor neuron)
multi- (multipolar neuron)
axle
between
moving
many
ax- (axon)
axle
inter (interneuron)
between
Nervous System Block 2
Medulla Oblongata
Pons
Midbrain
Cerebellum
Helps regulate breathing, heart and blood vessel function, di…
Relays sensory signals
Part of the brain associated with vision, hearing, motor cont…
Receives information from sensory systems. Coordinates postur…
Medulla Oblongata
Helps regulate breathing, heart and blood vessel function, di…
Pons
Relays sensory signals
23 terms
Nervous System 2
Cauda Equina
Name of spinal nerves
The spinal cord is encased by
The roots of spinal nerves emerge from
Roots of spinal nerves extending inferior to the spinal cord
cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, coccygeal
vertebral canal
intervertebral foramen
Cauda Equina
Roots of spinal nerves extending inferior to the spinal cord
Name of spinal nerves
cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, coccygeal
23 terms
Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Afferent Nerves
Efferent Nerves
Part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal…
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
nerves that carry sensory nerve impulses to the brain or to t…
Also called motor nerves; nerves that carry information out o…
Central Nervous System
Part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal…
Peripheral Nervous System
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
31 terms
week 2 Nervous System
Myel/o
Cephal/o
Neur/o
Mening/o
Spinal Cord
Head
Nerve
Membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord
Myel/o
Spinal Cord
Cephal/o
Head
40 terms
Week 2 Nervous System
cephal/o
encephal/o
mening/o
myel/o
head
inside the head (brain)
membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord
spinal cord
cephal/o
head
encephal/o
inside the head (brain)
11 terms
Nervous system 15.2
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Brain
Spinal Cord
Brain and Spinal Cord
All nerves located out of the Central Nervous System
Part of CNS and controls the body
Thick column of nervous tissue that links brain to nerves in…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Brain and Spinal Cord
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
All nerves located out of the Central Nervous System
18 terms
2. Autonomic Nervous System
autonomic nervous system (ANS)
preganglionic neuron
postganglionic neurons
sympathetic division
this nervous system controls all body functions that are not…
this is a cell body in the CNS. axons go out to the ganglion…
this is a cell body in the autonomic ganglion. the axon trave…
a division of the autonomic nervous system that gets the body…
autonomic nervous system (ANS)
this nervous system controls all body functions that are not…
preganglionic neuron
this is a cell body in the CNS. axons go out to the ganglion…
130 terms
Lecture 2: The Nervous System
hippocampus
neurotransmitters; local mediators; ho…
nervous system
paracrine system
is critical for the consolidation of memory
communication in the nervous system is accomplished chemicall…
controls neurotransmitters
controls local mediators
hippocampus
is critical for the consolidation of memory
neurotransmitters; local mediators; ho…
communication in the nervous system is accomplished chemicall…
Nervous System 2
anatomy
physiology
taxonomy
botany
study of structure
study of function
study of organism calssification
study of plants
anatomy
study of structure
physiology
study of function
6 terms
Nervous System 2
Excitatory Postsynaptic potentials (EP…
Inhibitory Postsynaptic Potentials (lP…
Peripheral Nervous System
Afferent Neurons
Bring the membrane potential closer to threshold
Make the membrane potential more negative
Composed of neurons outside the CNS;somatic nervous system (v…
Transmit sensory info
Excitatory Postsynaptic potentials (EP…
Bring the membrane potential closer to threshold
Inhibitory Postsynaptic Potentials (lP…
Make the membrane potential more negative
12 terms
Nervous System 2
Parasympathetic Function
Increased parasympathetic nervous syst…
Medulla oblongata
Thalamus
Resting and digesting, this function conserves energy and mai…
increased digestive activity
functions of _____; controls breathing, heart function, blood…
functions of ____; sensory perception and regulation of motor…
Parasympathetic Function
Resting and digesting, this function conserves energy and mai…
Increased parasympathetic nervous syst…
increased digestive activity
60 terms
Nervous System
Major function of the nervous system
subdivisions of the nervous system (2)
CNS controls what
PNS controls what
maintain homeostasis
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System
brain and spinal cord
cranial and spinal nerves
Major function of the nervous system
maintain homeostasis
subdivisions of the nervous system (2)
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System
Nervous system 2
Glia
Hypo
Inter
Lexis
Glue
Below
Between
Diction
Glia
Glue
Hypo
Below
Nervous System 2
Central nervous system
The spinal cord
Meninges
Dura mater
Consist of the spinal cord and the brain
Transmits impulses to and from the brain and integrates refle…
Consist of dura mater, arachnoid mater, and the pia mater
A tough two-layered connective tissue membrane that forms the…
Central nervous system
Consist of the spinal cord and the brain
The spinal cord
Transmits impulses to and from the brain and integrates refle…
99 terms
Nervous System 2 (Systems 3)
What is the effect of THC (in cannabis)?
What is the effect of cannabidiol (in…
Name a CB1 receptor antagonist, what a…
Which receptors do hallucinogens act at?
Euphoria
'Stoned' feeling
Rimonabant... Anti-obesity, anti-smoking, decreases cocaine and…
5-HT and NMDA receptors
What is the effect of THC (in cannabis)?
Euphoria
What is the effect of cannabidiol (in…
'Stoned' feeling
Nervous system 2
Cephal
Chiasm
Flacc
Funi
Head
Cross
Flabby
Small cord or fiber
Cephal
Head
Chiasm
Cross
12 terms
Anatomy- Nervous System 2
ax
dendr
funi
gangli
axon
dendrite
funiculus
ganglion
ax
axon
dendr
dendrite
16 terms
Nervous System pt. 2
Acetylcholine
Antagonist
Agonist
Dopamine
A neurotransmitter that triggers muscle contractions and effe…
A drug that blocks the effect of a neurotransmitter.
A drug that boosts the effect of a neurotransmitter.
A neurotransmitter that affects learning, attention, and emot…
Acetylcholine
A neurotransmitter that triggers muscle contractions and effe…
Antagonist
A drug that blocks the effect of a neurotransmitter.
13 terms
Bio 2 Nervous System
gross anatomy
Peripheral NS (3 componenets)
CNS
Cranial nerves
apparent to the naked eye (of nervous system, in this case)
nerves/neurons outside brain/spinal column (motor and sensory…
brain, spinal cord
1 sun: olfactory... 2 eyes: optic... 3 triangle: Oculomotor, trochl…
gross anatomy
apparent to the naked eye (of nervous system, in this case)
Peripheral NS (3 componenets)
nerves/neurons outside brain/spinal column (motor and sensory…
Nervous system (9.2)
Nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Motor nervous system
Sensory neurone
Made up of the central nervous system and the peripheral nerv…
Made up of sensory neurones and motor neurones.
Made up of a voluntary nervous system and an autonomic nervou…
Carries nerve impulses FROM receptors TOWARDS the central ner…
Nervous system
Made up of the central nervous system and the peripheral nerv…
Peripheral nervous system
Made up of sensory neurones and motor neurones.
25 terms
Nervous system 2
Nervous system
Sensory input
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Sensory division
Master controlling and communicating center of the body
Information gathered by processing changing stimuli
Part nervous system outside of the central nervous system
Consists of nerves that convey nerve impulses to the central…
Nervous system
Master controlling and communicating center of the body
Sensory input
Information gathered by processing changing stimuli
24 terms
Nervous system vocab 2
Diencephalon
Fissure
Pons
Autonomic nervous system
Portion of the brain in the region of the third ventricle tha…
Narrow cleft separating parts
Portion of the brain stem above the medulla oblongata and bel…
Portion of the nervous system that controls the viscera
Diencephalon
Portion of the brain in the region of the third ventricle tha…
Fissure
Narrow cleft separating parts
Chp. 2: The Nervous System
Human movement system
Nervous System
Sensory Function
Integrative Function
The combination and interrelation of the nervous, muscular, a…
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
The ability of the nervous system to sense changes in either…
The ability of the nervous system to analyze and interpret se…
Human movement system
The combination and interrelation of the nervous, muscular, a…
Nervous System
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
82 terms
Nervous System BSF 2
Auto ; nomic
Conduction
Cyton
Dendrites
Self; law
To lead together
Cell
Tree like
Auto ; nomic
Self; law
Conduction
To lead together
6 terms
Nervous system 2
Interneurons
Nerve
Brain
Stimulus
A neuron that transmits impulses between other neurons
A collection of nerve fibers through which impulses travel be…
The mass of a nerve tissue that is the main control center of…
Anything that causes a reaction or change in an organism or a…
Interneurons
A neuron that transmits impulses between other neurons
Nerve
A collection of nerve fibers through which impulses travel be…
68 terms
Psychology 2 (Nervous System)
Peripheral Nervous System
Somatic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Sympathetic Nervous System
everything but brain and spinal chord
part of PNS, muscles and senses
part of PNS, vital functions (heart rate, breathing, digestio…
part of ANS, arousal: mobilizes for emergency (speeds heart a…
Peripheral Nervous System
everything but brain and spinal chord
Somatic Nervous System
part of PNS, muscles and senses
2.1 Nervous System
functions of the nervous tissue
CNS components
PNS components
somatic
cells w/ voltage changes in permeability to Na+ ions... excitabl…
brain... brainstem... spinal cord
sensory ganglia... autonomic ganglia... cranial peripheral nerves
locates w/in the body wall and limbs... conscious ... voluntary... der…
functions of the nervous tissue
cells w/ voltage changes in permeability to Na+ ions... excitabl…
CNS components
brain... brainstem... spinal cord
Nervous system 2
Cephal-
Chiasm-
Flacc-
Funi-
Head
Cross
Flabby
Small cord or fiber
Cephal-
Head
Chiasm-
Cross
62 terms
Bild 2 Nervous system
For the survival of species all organi…
mass increases as a function of
the advantages of being a multicellula…
features of a multicellular organism
-stay alive (obtain nutrients and oxygen, get rid of toxins a…
r^3
1) more flexibility in living area (wider selection of habita…
-specialization of cells... -differentiated biological functions…
For the survival of species all organi…
-stay alive (obtain nutrients and oxygen, get rid of toxins a…
mass increases as a function of
r^3
Nervous System 2
Depolarization
Action potential
Repolarization
Refractory period
When resting potential decreases (as inside of the membrane b…
Electrical signal that affect entire membrane surface, conduc…
...
...
Depolarization
When resting potential decreases (as inside of the membrane b…
Action potential
Electrical signal that affect entire membrane surface, conduc…
Nervous System P. 2
cephal
chiasm
flacc
funi
head
cross
flabby
small cord or fiber
cephal
head
chiasm
cross
NERVOUS SYSTEM 2
PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
IN THE PNS YOU HAVE TWO TYPES OF NEURONS
AFFERENT NEURONS
EFFERENT NEURONS
TRANSMITS INFO TO AND FROM THE CNS AND REGULATES MOVEMENT AND…
AFFERENT NEURONS AND EFFERENT NEURONS
TRANSMIT INFO TO CNS
TRANSMIT INFO AWAY FROM CNS
PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
TRANSMITS INFO TO AND FROM THE CNS AND REGULATES MOVEMENT AND…
IN THE PNS YOU HAVE TWO TYPES OF NEURONS
AFFERENT NEURONS AND EFFERENT NEURONS
19 terms
Nervous System 2
Nodes of Ranvier
white matter
grey matter
sensory/afferent neurons
a gap in the myelin sheath of a nerve, between adjacent Schwa…
primarily contains myelinated fibers and is nearly white in c…
mostly nerve cell bodies and unmyelinated fibers
transmit impulses from sensory receptors in the skin or inter…
Nodes of Ranvier
a gap in the myelin sheath of a nerve, between adjacent Schwa…
white matter
primarily contains myelinated fibers and is nearly white in c…
152 terms
Nervous System (part 2)
What types of nervous tissue is there?…
What is gray matter composed of?
What are neuron somas responsible for?
In the PNS and CNS gray matter has oth…
1. gray matter... 2. White matter
Neuron somas
Processing information
1. Ganglion... 2. Nucleus/ center
What types of nervous tissue is there?…
1. gray matter... 2. White matter
What is gray matter composed of?
Neuron somas
44 terms
Nervous system 2
Nerons
Dendrites
Reflex arc
Action potential
Specialized cells that help you gather information about your…
Receive impulses from other neurons and conduct the impulses…
A nerve pathway the consists of a sensory neuron, an I terneu…
Nerve impulse
Nerons
Specialized cells that help you gather information about your…
Dendrites
Receive impulses from other neurons and conduct the impulses…
29 terms
Nervous system 2
Meninges
Dura mater
Arachnoid mater
Pia mater
Consit of 1. Dura mater 2. The arachnoid mater 3. The pia mater
Is a tough two layered connective tissue membrane that forms…
Is located between the dura mater and the pia mater.
Is composed of soft connective tissue which covers the outer…
Meninges
Consit of 1. Dura mater 2. The arachnoid mater 3. The pia mater
Dura mater
Is a tough two layered connective tissue membrane that forms…
Nervous system vocab #2
Interneuron
Effector cell
Nodes of Ranvier
Resting potential
Located within the CNS and integrates information
A cell that carries out the bodies response to a stimulus
Spaces in the myelin shealth on the axon
The voltage of a cell at rest
Interneuron
Located within the CNS and integrates information
Effector cell
A cell that carries out the bodies response to a stimulus
113 terms
Anatomy- Nervous System 2
Epideral Space
Dura Mater
Arachnoid
Pia Mater
Only around the spinal cord space between dura matter and ver…
Thickest and toughest layer connect directly to Bone part of…
Solid layer that connects to dura mater sub arkanoid space fi…
Very thin layer between sub arkanoid space and brain
Epideral Space
Only around the spinal cord space between dura matter and ver…
Dura Mater
Thickest and toughest layer connect directly to Bone part of…
10 terms
HAP Nervous System 2
dura mater
arachnoid mater
pia mater
spinal cord
outermost layer of tough, white fibrous connective tissue
thin, membranous without blood vessels
very thin with many blood vessels; goes into depressions and…
31 segments each with two nerves
dura mater
outermost layer of tough, white fibrous connective tissue
arachnoid mater
thin, membranous without blood vessels
Nervous System 2
Dura Mater
Aracoid mater
Pia mater
Spinal chord
Tough outer layer
Web-like middle layer
Inner layer that encloses the brain and spinal chord
Slender nerve column that passes downward from the brain to t…
Dura Mater
Tough outer layer
Aracoid mater
Web-like middle layer
nervous system voc 2
brain stem
cerebrum
concussion
reflex
the part tof the brain that controls the body`s involuntary a…
the part of the brain that interprets input from the senses,…
a bruiselike injury of the brain
an automatic response that occurs very rapidly and without co…
brain stem
the part tof the brain that controls the body`s involuntary a…
cerebrum
the part of the brain that interprets input from the senses,…
Anatomy 2 Nervous System
Functional Divisions
Anatomical Divisions
Somatic
Autonomic
-autonomic nervous system... -somatic nervous system
-central nervous system... -peripheral nervous system
-voluntary part of the system... -responsible for observable act…
-Involuntary part of the system... -Responsible for life-sustain…
Functional Divisions
-autonomic nervous system... -somatic nervous system
Anatomical Divisions
-central nervous system... -peripheral nervous system
10 of 10