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Study sets matching "nervous system chapter 10 language medicine"

15 terms
Language of Medicine - Chapter 10 - Nervous System
arachnoid membrane
astrocyte
autonomic nervous system
axon
middle layer of three membranes (meninges) that surround the…
type of glial (neuroglial) cell that transports water and sal…
nerves that control involuntary body functions of muscles, gl…
microscopic fiber that carries the nervous impulse along a ne…
arachnoid membrane
middle layer of three membranes (meninges) that surround the…
astrocyte
type of glial (neuroglial) cell that transports water and sal…
184 terms
The Language of Medicine - Chapter 10 (Nervous System)
acetylcholine
afferent nerve
arachnoid membrane
astrocyte
neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord (sensory ne…
middle layer of the meninges
glial cell that transports water and salts from capillaries
acetylcholine
neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
afferent nerve
carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord (sensory ne…
31 terms
Language of medicine Chapter 10- Nervous system
cerebell/o (cerebellar)
cerebr/o (cerebral cortex, cerebrospin…
dur/o (subdural hematoma, epidural)
encephal/o (encephalitis, encephalopat…
cerebellum
cerebrum
dura mater
brain
cerebell/o (cerebellar)
cerebellum
cerebr/o (cerebral cortex, cerebrospin…
cerebrum
128 terms
Language of Medicine Chapter 10 (Nervous System)
acetylcholine
afferent nerves
akinetic
anencephaly
neurotransmitter enabling learning and memory
carry impulses toward brain
loss of movement
small brain hemispheres
acetylcholine
neurotransmitter enabling learning and memory
afferent nerves
carry impulses toward brain
19 terms
The Language of Medicine: Chapter 10 Pathology (Nervous System)
Hydrocephalus
Spina Bifida
Alzheimer disease
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
Abnormal accumulation of fluid (CSF) in the brain
Congenital defects in the lumbar spinal column caused by impe…
Brain disorder marked by gradual and progressive mental deter…
Degenerative disorder of motor neurons in the spinal cord and…
Hydrocephalus
Abnormal accumulation of fluid (CSF) in the brain
Spina Bifida
Congenital defects in the lumbar spinal column caused by impe…
122 terms
Language of Medicine Chapter 10 - Nervous System
caus/o
cerebr/o
concuss/o
contus/o
burning, burn
cerebrum, brain
shaken together, violently agitated
bruise
caus/o
burning, burn
cerebr/o
cerebrum, brain
Chapter 10 - Language of Medicine Nervous system
Neurologist
Neurology
Sympathetic Nerves
Parasympathetic nerves
One who specializes in the disorders of the nervous system.
Study of the nerve
Stimulate the body in times of stress and crisis, increase he…
Act as a balance for the sympathetic nerves by slowing down t…
Neurologist
One who specializes in the disorders of the nervous system.
Neurology
Study of the nerve
30 terms
Chapter 10-Nervous System, Language of Medicine
cerebell/o
cerebr/o
dur/o
encephal/o
cerebellum
cerebrum
dura mater
brain
cerebell/o
cerebellum
cerebr/o
cerebrum
30 terms
Nervous System (Chapter 10 Language of Medicine)
cerebell/o
cerebr/o
dur/o
encephal/o
cerebellum
cerebrum
dura mater
brain
cerebell/o
cerebellum
cerebr/o
cerebrum
20 terms
Language of Medicine Chapter 10 Nervous System
nerve
nerve cells (neurons)
acetylcholine
Central nervous system (CNS)
carry electrical messages all over the body
fibers exit from _____
internal chemical that activate the cell membranes of nerve c…
One of the major divisions of the nervous system that consist…
nerve
carry electrical messages all over the body
nerve cells (neurons)
fibers exit from _____
50 terms
Language of Medicine Chapter 10 Nervous System
aceytylcholine
afferent nerves (sensory nerves)
arachnoid membrane
astrocyte
neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
carry messages toward the brain and spinal cord
middle layer of the three membranes that surround the brain a…
a type glial cell that transports water and salts from capill…
aceytylcholine
neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
afferent nerves (sensory nerves)
carry messages toward the brain and spinal cord
73 terms
Language Of Medicine; Chapter 10. Nervous System
nervous system
functions of nerves
nerves carry
receptors of nerves
one of the most complex of all human body system. more than 1…
voluntary and involuntary
electrical messages
external and internal
nervous system
one of the most complex of all human body system. more than 1…
functions of nerves
voluntary and involuntary
26 terms
language of medicine chapter 10 nervous system pathology
Alzheimer disease (AD)
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
epilepsy
Huntington disease(Huntington chorea)
Brain disorder maked by gradual and progressive mental deteri…
Degenerative disorder of motor neurons in the spinal cord and…
Chronic brain disorder characterized by recurrent seizure act…
Hereditary disorder marked by degenerative changes in the cer…
Alzheimer disease (AD)
Brain disorder maked by gradual and progressive mental deteri…
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
Degenerative disorder of motor neurons in the spinal cord and…
51 terms
The Language Of Medicine Chapter 10: Nervous System Terms
Acetylcholine
Afferent nerve
Arachnoid membrane
Astrocyte
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of the nerve c…
Carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord.
Middle layer of the three membranes that surround the brain a…
Type of glial cell that transports water and salts from capil…
Acetylcholine
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of the nerve c…
Afferent nerve
Carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord.
64 terms
Language of Medicine - Chapter 10 - Nervous System
arachnoid membrane
astrocyte
autonomic nervous system
axon
middle layer of three membranes (meninges) that surround the…
type of glial (neuroglial) cell that transports waters and sa…
nerves that control involuntary body functions of muscles, gl…
microscopic fiber that carries the nervous impulse along a ne…
arachnoid membrane
middle layer of three membranes (meninges) that surround the…
astrocyte
type of glial (neuroglial) cell that transports waters and sa…
26 terms
The Language of Medicine: Chapter 10 Terminology (Nervous System)
Cerebell/o
Cerebr/o
Dur/o
Encephal/o
Cerebellum
Cerebrum
Dura mater
Brain
Cerebell/o
Cerebellum
Cerebr/o
Cerebrum
30 terms
Nervous System (Chapter 10 Language of Medicine)
cerebell/o
cerebr/o
dur/o
encephal/o
cerebellum
cerebrum
dura mater
brain
cerebell/o
cerebellum
cerebr/o
cerebrum
19 terms
The Language of Medicine: Chapter 10 - Pathology of the Nervous System
Alzheimer disease (AD)
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
brain tumor
cerebral concussion
Brain disorder marked by gradual and progressive mental deter…
Degenerative disorder of motor neurons in the spinal cord and…
Abnormal growth of brain tissue and meninges.
Type of traumatic brain injury caused by a blow to the head.
Alzheimer disease (AD)
Brain disorder marked by gradual and progressive mental deter…
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
Degenerative disorder of motor neurons in the spinal cord and…
50 terms
The Language of Medicine: Chapter 10 Vocabulary (Nervous System)
Acetylcholine
Agreement nerve
Arachnoid membrane
Astrocyte
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
Carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord
Middle layer of the three membranes
Type of glial cell that transports water and salts from capil…
Acetylcholine
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
Agreement nerve
Carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord
21 terms
The Language of Medicine: Chapter 10 - Anatomy of the Nervous System
afferent nerve
axon
brainstem
central nervous system
Carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord (sensory ne…
Microscopic fiber that carries the nervous impulse along a ne…
Posterior portion of the brain that connects the cerebrum wit…
The brain and the spinal cord.
afferent nerve
Carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord (sensory ne…
axon
Microscopic fiber that carries the nervous impulse along a ne…
80 terms
Nervous System Chapter 10 The Language of Medicine
acetylcholine
afferent nerve
arachnoid membrane
astrocyte
neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord (sensory ne…
middle layer of the three membranes (meninges) that surround…
type of glial cell that transports water and salts from capil…
acetylcholine
neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
afferent nerve
carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord (sensory ne…
126 terms
Language of Medicine: Chp 10 Nervous System
Peripheral nervous system
Central nervous system
Sensory (afferent) nerves
Motor (efferent) nerves
The motor and sensory nerves and ganglia outside the brain an…
One of the two main divisions of the nervous system, consisti…
Nerves consisting of afferent fibers that conduct sensory imp…
Efferent nerves that convey impulses to the motor endplates o…
Peripheral nervous system
The motor and sensory nerves and ganglia outside the brain an…
Central nervous system
One of the two main divisions of the nervous system, consisti…
51 terms
Language of Medicine Ch 10 nervous system
acetylocholine
afferent nerve
arachnoid membrane
autonomic nervous system
neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
Carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord
middle layer of the three membranes that surround the brain a…
nerves that control involuntary body functions of muscles, gl…
acetylocholine
neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
afferent nerve
Carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord
75 terms
The language of medicine 11th edition chapter 10 - nervous system
what is one function of our glands?
what is one function of the nerves?
acetylcholine
CNS
to secrete hormones
to carry electrical messages all over the body
a compound that occurs throughout the nervous system, in whic…
central nervous system
what is one function of our glands?
to secrete hormones
what is one function of the nerves?
to carry electrical messages all over the body
71 terms
Chabner, The Language of Medicine, Nervous System, CH.10
Cerebell/o
Cerebr/o
Dur/o
Encephal/o
Cerebellum
Cerebrum
Dura mater
Brain
Cerebell/o
Cerebellum
Cerebr/o
Cerebrum
92 terms
The Language of Medicine: Ch 10- Nervous System
acetylcholine
afferent nerve
arachnoid membrane
astrocyte
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
Carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord
Middle layer of the three membranes surrounding the brain and…
Type of glial cell that transports water and salts from capil…
acetylcholine
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
afferent nerve
Carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord
53 terms
The Language of Medicine 10th edicion- Chapter 10 Nervous System
cerebell/o
cerebr/o
dur/o
encephal/o
cerebellum
cerebrum
dura mater
brain
cerebell/o
cerebellum
cerebr/o
cerebrum
67 terms
The Language of Medicine 11th Edition, Chapter 10 - NERVOUS SYSTEM
aura
grand mal
petit mal
contusion
A peculiar sensation experienced by the affected person befor…
Another name for a tonic-clonic seizure
A type of absence seizure
Bruising of brain tissue as a result of direct trauma to the…
aura
A peculiar sensation experienced by the affected person befor…
grand mal
Another name for a tonic-clonic seizure
16 terms
The Language of Medicine: Chapter 10 Pathology Study Section (Nervous System)
Absence seizure
Aneurysm
Astrocytoma
Aura
Form of seizure consisting of momentary clouding of conscious…
Enlarged, weakened area in an arterial wall, which may ruptur…
Malignant tumor of astrocytes (Glial brain cells)
Peculiar symptom or sensation occurring before the onset (pro…
Absence seizure
Form of seizure consisting of momentary clouding of conscious…
Aneurysm
Enlarged, weakened area in an arterial wall, which may ruptur…
109 terms
Language of Medicine Ch 10 Nervous System
acetylcholine
afferent nerve
arachnoid membrane
astrocyte
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of the nerve c…
Carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord (sensory ne…
middle layer of the three membranes (meninges) that surround…
type of glial (neuroglial) cell that transports water and sal…
acetylcholine
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of the nerve c…
afferent nerve
Carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord (sensory ne…
118 terms
Language of Medicine ch10 Nervous System
algesia-
caus-
comat-
esthesi-, -esthesia
excessive sensitivity to pain
burning
deep sleep
feeling, nervous sensation
algesia-
excessive sensitivity to pain
caus-
burning
79 terms
Language of Medicine Chp.10: Nervous System
acetylcholine
afferent nerve
arachnoid membrane
astrocyte
neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
carries message toward the brain
middle layer of the three layers that surround the brain and…
type of glial cell that transports water and salts from capil…
acetylcholine
neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
afferent nerve
carries message toward the brain
119 terms
Language of Medicine Ch 10 LOM Nervous System Review
cerebell/o
cerebr/o
cerebellar
Cerebrospinal Fluid
cerebellum
cerebrum
pertaining to the cerebellum
Fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord
cerebell/o
cerebellum
cerebr/o
cerebrum
9 terms
The Language of Medicine: Chapter 10 Lab Tests (Nervous System)
Cerebrospinal fluid analysis
Cerebral angiography
Computed tomography (CT) of the brain
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Samples of CSF are examined
X-Ray imaging of the arterial blood vessels in the brain afte…
Computerized x-Ray technique that generates multiple images o…
Magnetic field and pulses of radio wave energy create images…
Cerebrospinal fluid analysis
Samples of CSF are examined
Cerebral angiography
X-Ray imaging of the arterial blood vessels in the brain afte…
28 terms
Ch.10 nervous system (language of medicine 9th)
Function of Nervous system?
PNS
PNS:Autonomic n.s.
Cerebell/o
1.Controls muscle and glands... 2.Communicates,processes & store…
1.somatic nervouse system-voluntary control... 2.autonomic nervo…
Parasympathetic n.s.=rest and digest... Sympathetic n.s.= fight…
Cerebellum
Function of Nervous system?
1.Controls muscle and glands... 2.Communicates,processes & store…
PNS
1.somatic nervouse system-voluntary control... 2.autonomic nervo…
The Language of Medicine: Ch 10- Nervous System 2
acetylcholine
afferent nerve
arachnoid membrane
astrocyte
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
Carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord
Middle layer of the three membranes surrounding the brain and…
Type of glial cell that transports water and salts from capil…
acetylcholine
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
afferent nerve
Carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord
92 terms
The Language of Medicine: Ch 10- Nervous System
acetylcholine
afferent nerve
arachnoid membrane
astrocyte
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
Carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord
Middle layer of the three membranes surrounding the brain and…
Type of glial cell that transports water and salts from capil…
acetylcholine
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
afferent nerve
Carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord
The Language of Medicine: Ch 10- Nervous System
synapse
thalamus
ventricles of the brain
cerebell/o
The space through which a nervous impulse is transmitted from…
Main relay center of the brain. It conducts impulses between…
Reservoirs in the interior of the brain that contain CSF.
cerebellum
synapse
The space through which a nervous impulse is transmitted from…
thalamus
Main relay center of the brain. It conducts impulses between…
92 terms
The Language of Medicine: Ch 10- Nervous System
acetylcholine
afferent nerve
arachnoid membrane
astrocyte
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
Carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord
Middle layer of the three membranes surrounding the brain and…
Type of glial cell that transports water and salts from capil…
acetylcholine
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
afferent nerve
Carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord
92 terms
The Language of Medicine: Ch 10- Nervous System
acetylcholine
afferent nerve
arachnoid membrane
astrocyte
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
Carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord
Middle layer of the three membranes surrounding the brain and…
Type of glial cell that transports water and salts from capil…
acetylcholine
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
afferent nerve
Carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord
29 terms
Language of Medicine Abbreviations on Nervous System (10)
AD
AFP
ALS
AVM
Alzheimer disease
alpha-fetoprotein
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
arteriovenous malformation
AD
Alzheimer disease
AFP
alpha-fetoprotein
32 terms
Language of Medicine Pathology on Nervous System (10)
hydrocephalus
spina bifida
spina bifida occulta
spina bifida cystica
abnormal accumulation of fluid (CSF) in the brain
congenital defects in the lumbar spinal column caused by impe…
the vetebral defect is covered over with skin and evident onl…
a more severe form, with cyst-like protrusions
hydrocephalus
abnormal accumulation of fluid (CSF) in the brain
spina bifida
congenital defects in the lumbar spinal column caused by impe…
71 terms
MT041 Chabner, The Language of Medicine, Nervous System, CH.10
Cerebell/o
Cerebr/o
Dur/o
Encephal/o
Cerebellum
Cerebrum
Dura mater
Brain
Cerebell/o
Cerebellum
Cerebr/o
Cerebrum
298 terms
The Language of Medicine - Ch. 10 - Nervous System
nerve cells (neurons)
The _______ is the parenchyma of the n…
nerve
Fibers exiting from microscopic ______…
nerve cell that carries impulses throughout the body
neuron
a macroscopic cord-like collection of fibers (axons and dendr…
nerve cells (neurons)
nerve cells (neurons)
nerve cell that carries impulses throughout the body
The _______ is the parenchyma of the n…
neuron
68 terms
Language of Medicine Ch. 10: The Nervous System
alges/o
angi/o
caus/o
cephal/o
Excessive sensitivity to pain
vessel (blood)
burning
head
alges/o
Excessive sensitivity to pain
angi/o
vessel (blood)
21 terms
Central nervous system language of medicine
AIDS
Alzheimer disease
cerebral palsy
cerebral plasticity
collection of abnormalities caused by advanced HIV infection…
syndrome characterized by dementia, usually beginning in mid…
disorder in which damage to motor control areas of the brain…
characteristic of the cerebrum that permits the relocation of…
AIDS
collection of abnormalities caused by advanced HIV infection…
Alzheimer disease
syndrome characterized by dementia, usually beginning in mid…
51 terms
The Language of Medicine (Vocabulary) Ch. 10 Nervous System
Acetylcholine
Afferent nerve
Arachnoid membrane
Astrocyte
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
Carries messages TOWARD the brain and spinal cord
Middle layer of the three membranes (meninges) that surround…
Type of glial cell that transports water and salts from capil…
Acetylcholine
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
Afferent nerve
Carries messages TOWARD the brain and spinal cord
95 terms
Language of Medicine Ch. 10 Nervous System
Cerebr/o
Dur/o
Encephal/o
Gil/o
Cerebrum
Dura mater
Brain
Glial cells
Cerebr/o
Cerebrum
Dur/o
Dura mater
32 terms
Language of Medicine Ch. 10 Nervous System
cerebell/o
cerebr/o
dur/o
encephal/o
cerebellum
cerebrum
dura mater
brain
cerebell/o
cerebellum
cerebr/o
cerebrum
119 terms
Language of Medicine Ch 10 LOM Nervous System Review
cerebell/o
cerebr/o
cerebellar
Cerebrospinal Fluid
cerebellum
cerebrum
pertaining to the cerebellum
Fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord
cerebell/o
cerebellum
cerebr/o
cerebrum
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