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Study sets matching "nervous system chapter 10"

50 terms
Chapter 10 Nervous System
PNS
CNS
Cranial nerves
Plexus
Peripheral Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Carry impulses between the brain and the head and neck
A large network of nerves in the PNS
PNS
Peripheral Nervous System
CNS
Central Nervous System
74 terms
Chapter 10 The Nervous System
caus/o
cerebr/o
concuss/o
contus/o
burn, burning
Cerebrum, brain
shaken together, violently agitated
bruise
caus/o
burn, burning
cerebr/o
Cerebrum, brain
74 terms
Chapter 10 The Nervous System
caus/o
cerebr/o
concuss/o
contus/o
burn, burning
Cerebrum, brain
shaken together, violently agitated
bruise
caus/o
burn, burning
cerebr/o
Cerebrum, brain
68 terms
Chapter 10- Nervous System
alges/o
angi/o
caus/o
cephal/o
sensitivity to pain
vessel (blood)
burn, burning
head
alges/o
sensitivity to pain
angi/o
vessel (blood)
150 terms
Chapter 10 Nervous System
acetylcholine
afferent nerve
arachnoid membrane
astrocyte
neurotransmitter released at ends of nerve cells
carries message towards the brain and spinal cord (sensory ne…
middle layer of the three membranes (meninges) that surround…
type of glial (neurologlial) cell that transport water and sa…
acetylcholine
neurotransmitter released at ends of nerve cells
afferent nerve
carries message towards the brain and spinal cord (sensory ne…
51 terms
Chapter 10 Nervous System
Neuron
Axon
Dendrite
Synapse
nerve cell
carries impulse away from nerve cell
carries impulse toward nerve cell
space between neurons
Neuron
nerve cell
Axon
carries impulse away from nerve cell
109 terms
Chapter 10 - The Nervous System
The Nervous System
Nerve Cells
General Structure of the Nervous Syste…
Autonomic Nervous System
-contains 10 billion nerve cells... -voluntary and involuntary f…
-Microscopic... -Collected into macroscopic nerves... -Carry electr…
1 Central Nervous System - CNS... -Brain... -Spinal Cord... 2 Peripher…
Carries impulses from the central nervous system to organs.
The Nervous System
-contains 10 billion nerve cells... -voluntary and involuntary f…
Nerve Cells
-Microscopic... -Collected into macroscopic nerves... -Carry electr…
20 terms
Chapter 10 Nervous System
psych/o
encephal/o
contus/o
concuss/o
Mind
brain
bruise
shaken together
psych/o
Mind
encephal/o
brain
65 terms
Chapter 10 Nervous System
Central and Peripheral Nervous System
Somatic and Autonomic
Sympathetic
Parasympathetic
What are the two divisions of the nervous system
Two divisions of the Peripheral Nervous System
The system in control when your body is stressed
System in control during normal conditions (Peace)
Central and Peripheral Nervous System
What are the two divisions of the nervous system
Somatic and Autonomic
Two divisions of the Peripheral Nervous System
52 terms
Chapter 10 Nervous System Vocabulary
Acetycholine
Afferent nerve
Arachnoid membrane
Astrocyte
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of the nerve c…
Carries messages TOWARDS the brain and spinal cord
Middle layer of the three membrane that surrounds the brain a…
Type of glial cell that transports water and salts from capil…
Acetycholine
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of the nerve c…
Afferent nerve
Carries messages TOWARDS the brain and spinal cord
58 terms
Chapter 10: Nervous System I
Schwann Cells
Satellite Cells
Astrocytes
Oligodendrocytes
produce myelin on peripheral myelinated neurons (PNS)
provide nutritional support and help regulate the concentrati…
star-shaped cells, link neurons to blood vessels; part of blo…
"schwann cells of CNS" ; myelinate CNS axons, also provide st…
Schwann Cells
produce myelin on peripheral myelinated neurons (PNS)
Satellite Cells
provide nutritional support and help regulate the concentrati…
51 terms
Chapter 10 Nervous System Vocabulary
acetylcholine
afferent nerve
arachnoid nerve
astrocyte
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells.
Carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord.
Middle layer of the three membranes that surround the brain a…
Type of glial cell that transports water and salts from capil…
acetylcholine
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells.
afferent nerve
Carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord.
37 terms
Chapter 10: Nervous System
cerbell/o
cerebr/o
dur/o
encephal/o
cerebellum
cerebrum
dura mater
brain
cerbell/o
cerebellum
cerebr/o
cerebrum
61 terms
Chapter 10 Nervous System
Brain
Spinal Cord
Neuron
Nissl Bodies
Brain
Spinal Cord
34 terms
Chapter 10 - Nervous System
cephal/o
cerebr/o
crani/o
encephal/o
head
cerebrum
cranium
brain
cephal/o
head
cerebr/o
cerebrum
10 terms
Chapter 10 Nervous System
Carry messages related to changes in t…
Carry messages from the spinal cord an…
Basic unit of the nervous system
Neuron
Sensory (afferent) nerves
Motor (efferent) nerves
Neuron
What recieves information, processes it and sends back an ans…
Carry messages related to changes in t…
Sensory (afferent) nerves
Carry messages from the spinal cord an…
Motor (efferent) nerves
15 terms
Chapter 10 Nervous System
caus/o
cerebr/o
concuss/o
encephala/o
burning, burn
cerebrum, brain
bruise
brain
caus/o
burning, burn
cerebr/o
cerebrum, brain
20 terms
Chapter 10 - Nervous system
The Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Sensory Function
The nervous system - master controlling and communication sys…
Brain... Spinal cord
Connects CNS to other body parts... Cranial nerves... Spinal nerves
Nervous system receives information ... Sensory receptors gather…
The Nervous System
The nervous system - master controlling and communication sys…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Brain... Spinal cord
75 terms
Chapter 10- Nervous System
Blood-brain barrier
efferent neurons
nervous impulse
viscer-al
Mechanism that blocks certain substances found in the stream…
neurons that transmit impulses from the central nervous syste…
external stimuli and internal chemicals activate cell membran…
Pertaining to internal organs
Blood-brain barrier
Mechanism that blocks certain substances found in the stream…
efferent neurons
neurons that transmit impulses from the central nervous syste…
28 terms
Chapter 10: Nervous System
vag/o
cephal/o
spondyl/o
cerebell/o
vagus nerve
head
vertebrae
cerebellum
vag/o
vagus nerve
cephal/o
head
143 terms
Chapter 10 : Nervous System
arthr/o
cerebello/o
crani/o
encephal/o
joint
little brain [cerebellum]
skull
entire brain
arthr/o
joint
cerebello/o
little brain [cerebellum]
45 terms
Chapter 10 - Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Neuron
Glial cell
Cell body
Subdivision of the PNS that regulates body's automatic or inv…
Conduct impulses, functional units of the nervous system
Support and insulation cells
Main part of neuron containing nucleus and organelles
Autonomic Nervous System
Subdivision of the PNS that regulates body's automatic or inv…
Neuron
Conduct impulses, functional units of the nervous system
58 terms
Chapter 10: Nervous System
nerves
receptors
nervous system in two major divisions
peripheral nervous system
nerve cells collected into bundles; carry electrical messages…
receive impulses and transmit them to complex network of nerv…
central nervous system and peripheral nervous system
12 pairs of cranial nerves; 31 pairs of spinal nerves (spinal…
nerves
nerve cells collected into bundles; carry electrical messages…
receptors
receive impulses and transmit them to complex network of nerv…
56 terms
Chapter 10 nervous system
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Sensory Nerves
Sensory information
Consists of brain and spinal cord
Nerves that CNS with rest of the body
Gather information from inside the body and the outside envir…
Brought to the CNS and interpreted and makes a plan
Central nervous system
Consists of brain and spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system
Nerves that CNS with rest of the body
54 terms
Chapter 10 Nervous System
action potential
Adrenergic fibers
Alpha-adrenergic receptors
Autonomic nervous system
Nerve impulse
Nerve fibers that secrete norepinephrine
receptors to norepinephrine that generally produce an excitat…
subdivision of the nervous system responsible for regulating…
action potential
Nerve impulse
Adrenergic fibers
Nerve fibers that secrete norepinephrine
73 terms
Chapter 10 Nervous System
Caus/o
cerebr/o
concuss/o
contus/o
burning,burn
cerebrum, brain
shaken together, violently agitated
bruise
Caus/o
burning,burn
cerebr/o
cerebrum, brain
29 terms
Chapter 10 Nervous System
Cerebell/o
Cerebr/o
Dur/o
Encephal/o
Cerebellum
Cerebrum
Dura matter
Brain
Cerebell/o
Cerebellum
Cerebr/o
Cerebrum
65 terms
Nervous System - Chapter 10
Functions of the nervous system
Divisions of Nervous System
Functional Divisions of PNS
Sensory PNS
1. Sensory Input... 2. Integration... 3. Motor Output
1. Central Nervous System... 2. Peripheral Nervous System
Sensory (afferent)... Motor (efferent)
Somatic afferent fibers—convey impulses from skin, skeletal m…
Functions of the nervous system
1. Sensory Input... 2. Integration... 3. Motor Output
Divisions of Nervous System
1. Central Nervous System... 2. Peripheral Nervous System
33 terms
Chapter 10: Nervous System
caus/o
cerebr/o
concuss/o
contus/o
Burning, burn
Cerebrum, brain
Shaken together, violently agitated
Bruise
caus/o
Burning, burn
cerebr/o
Cerebrum, brain
48 terms
Chapter 10 - Nervous System
SENSORY NEURONS
MOTOR NEURONS
INTERNEURONS
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
Also called afferent neurons, transmit impulses to the centra…
Also called efferent neurons, transmit impulses from the cent…
Provide connections between sensory and motor neurons and bet…
Brain and spinal cord
SENSORY NEURONS
Also called afferent neurons, transmit impulses to the centra…
MOTOR NEURONS
Also called efferent neurons, transmit impulses from the cent…
54 terms
chapter 10 nervous system
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
central nervous system (CNS)
Resting nerve cells
Potential differences
is outside the CNS. nerves system that extend from the brain…
brain and spinal cord.it receives incoming sensory singals th…
Cell membrane is said to be polarized electrically charged
The difference in electrical charge between 2 points across t…
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
is outside the CNS. nerves system that extend from the brain…
central nervous system (CNS)
brain and spinal cord.it receives incoming sensory singals th…
65 terms
nervous system chapter 10
cerebell/o
cerebr/o
dur/o
encephal/o
cerebellum
cerebrum
dura mater
brain
cerebell/o
cerebellum
cerebr/o
cerebrum
143 terms
Chapter 10 : Nervous System
arthr/o
cerebello/o
crani/o
encephal/o
joint
little brain [cerebellum]
skull
entire brain
arthr/o
joint
cerebello/o
little brain [cerebellum]
34 terms
Chapter 10 - Nervous System
What does nervous system do?
What are glial cells?
Describe neurons
Dendrite
controls movement, reflexes, and thought processes
Non-conducting and provide structural support and are involve…
-functional unit of cells... -5 parts: dendrite, axon, schwann c…
conducts impulses TO cell body
What does nervous system do?
controls movement, reflexes, and thought processes
What are glial cells?
Non-conducting and provide structural support and are involve…
70 terms
chapter 10 Nervous system
neurons
nerves
CNS
PNS
transmit electrical signal... cell body... cell processes
picks up signal and takes the change from external environmen…
neurons think
Nerves think more....
neurons
transmit electrical signal... cell body... cell processes
nerves
picks up signal and takes the change from external environmen…
124 terms
Chapter 10 Nervous System
is the name of the nervous system divi…
is the name of the nervous system divi…
A group of peripheral axons bundled to…
The two types of cells found in the ne…
PNS
CNS
Nerve
Neuron and Glia
is the name of the nervous system divi…
PNS
is the name of the nervous system divi…
CNS
58 terms
Chapter 10 Control And Coordination (Nervous System)
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
somatic system
autonomic system
What major division of the nervous system is made up of the b…
What major division of the nervous system is made up of all t…
What division of the peripheral nervous system controls volun…
What division of the peripheral nervous system controls invol…
central nervous system
What major division of the nervous system is made up of the b…
peripheral nervous system
What major division of the nervous system is made up of all t…
31 terms
The Nervous System - Chapter 10
central nervous system
brain
nerves
sensory neurons
the movements and processes of an animal are controlled by th…
the control center for the nervous system
long fiberlike structures that carry messages from the brain…
nerves that send impulses from the body back to the brain. Al…
central nervous system
the movements and processes of an animal are controlled by th…
brain
the control center for the nervous system
64 terms
Chapter 10: The Nervous System
ambul/o
cephal/o
concuss/o
contus/o
walking
head
shaken violently
bruise
ambul/o
walking
cephal/o
head
64 terms
Chapter 10: Nervous System
Nissl Bodies/Chromatophilic Substance
Neurofibrils
Dendrite
Collateral
Corresponds to rough endoplasmic reticulum in other cells; sc…
Network of fine threads within nerve fiber which extend into…
Neuron process with many branches that conducts an impulse to…
Branch of an axon
Nissl Bodies/Chromatophilic Substance
Corresponds to rough endoplasmic reticulum in other cells; sc…
Neurofibrils
Network of fine threads within nerve fiber which extend into…
41 terms
Chapter 10 Nervous System Pathology
hydrocephalus
spina bifida
spina bifida occulta
spina bifida cystica
Abnormal accumulation of fluid (CSF) in the brain. If circula…
Congenital defects in the lumbar spinal column caused by impe…
The vertebral defect is covered over with skin and evident on…
A more severe form of spina bifida, cyst like protrusions.
hydrocephalus
Abnormal accumulation of fluid (CSF) in the brain. If circula…
spina bifida
Congenital defects in the lumbar spinal column caused by impe…
24 terms
Chapter 10 - The Nervous System
Epilepsy
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Encephalitis
Multiple Sclerosis
Seizures of varying severity
Better known as Lou Gehrig's disease
inflammation of the brain
autoimmune disorder; inflammation that causes demyelination o…
Epilepsy
Seizures of varying severity
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Better known as Lou Gehrig's disease
74 terms
Chapter 10 The Nervous System
caus/o
cerebr/o
concuss/o
contus/o
burn, burning
Cerebrum, brain
shaken together, violently agitated
bruise
caus/o
burn, burning
cerebr/o
Cerebrum, brain
Chapter 10: The Nervous System
Nerve net
ganglia
neurons
Neuron
found in the hydra... nerve cell network, the impulse of which t…
clumps of nerve cells
specialized cells
consists of a cell body, dendrites, and a axon. Cell body con…
Nerve net
found in the hydra... nerve cell network, the impulse of which t…
ganglia
clumps of nerve cells
33 terms
Chapter 10 Nervous System
Nervous System
Homeostasis
Central nervous system (cns)
Afferent peripheral system (PNS)
Control Center and communication network. Directs function of…
balanced internal environment, operates off of negative feedb…
Brain and spinal cord
Sensory system taking in information from the environment. se…
Nervous System
Control Center and communication network. Directs function of…
Homeostasis
balanced internal environment, operates off of negative feedb…
119 terms
Nervous system Chapter 10
nervous tissue function
Axon
Dendrites
Gila-Neurogila
rapid communication
transmits a nerve impulse away from the body
transmits a nerve impulse toward the body
is the glue, protects, support, regenerate
nervous tissue function
rapid communication
Axon
transmits a nerve impulse away from the body
CHAPTER 10: NERVOUS SYSTEM
Central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
12
31
includes brain and spinal cord
functions to send impulses to and from the central nervous sy…
number of pairs of cranial nerves
number of pairs of spinal nerves
Central nervous system
includes brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
functions to send impulses to and from the central nervous sy…
55 terms
Chapter 10 nervous system
Central nervous system
Peripheal nervous system
Plexus
Arachnoid membrane
Consists of brain and spinal cord
Consists of cranial nerves, spinal nerves, plexuses, and peri…
Is a large network of nerves in the peripheral nervous system.
Middle layer of the three membranes(meninges) that surround t…
Central nervous system
Consists of brain and spinal cord
Peripheal nervous system
Consists of cranial nerves, spinal nerves, plexuses, and peri…
24 terms
Chapter 10 Nervous System
cerebellar
cerebroespinal fluid
cerebral cortex
subdural hematoma
-Involving the part of the brain (cerebellum), which controls…
-The clear fluid that surrounds the spinal cord and brain and…
outer region of the largest part of the brain; composed of th…
collection of blood on the surface of the brain
cerebellar
-Involving the part of the brain (cerebellum), which controls…
cerebroespinal fluid
-The clear fluid that surrounds the spinal cord and brain and…
36 terms
Chapter 10 nervous system
Ambulo
Cephalo
Concusso
Contuso
Walk
Head
Shaken together, agitated
Bruise
Ambulo
Walk
Cephalo
Head
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