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Study sets matching "nervous system chapter 8 anatomy physiology"

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Study sets matching "nervous system chapter 8 anatomy physiology"

56 terms
NERVOUS SYSTEM chapter 8 (ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY)
Structure of the Nervous System
Functions of the Nervous System
function of the myelin sheat
How neuron fibers are built
The central nervous system (CNS) is the brain and spinal cord…
Together, these organs are responsible for the control of the…
The myelin sheath is a greatly extended and modified plasma…
A nerve fiber is a threadlike extension of s nerve cell conta…
Structure of the Nervous System
The central nervous system (CNS) is the brain and spinal cord…
Functions of the Nervous System
Together, these organs are responsible for the control of the…
64 terms
Surgical Anatomy & Physiology Nervous System Chapter 8
2 major categories of human nervous sy…
2 components of the central nervous sy…
3 functions of the nervous system
Sensory Function of the nervous system
Central Nervous System - CNS... Peripheral Nervous System - PNS
Brain ... Spinal cord
Sensory Function... Integrative Function... Motor Function
Gathers internal & external environmental information
2 major categories of human nervous sy…
Central Nervous System - CNS... Peripheral Nervous System - PNS
2 components of the central nervous sy…
Brain ... Spinal cord
66 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8 Nervous System
Cell Body
Neurons
Neuroglia
Axon
Portion of a neuron that contains the nucleus and organelles.
Nerve cells; generate and transmit nerve signals.
Support and nourish the neurons.
Portion of the neuron that conducts nerve signals.
Cell Body
Portion of a neuron that contains the nucleus and organelles.
Neurons
Nerve cells; generate and transmit nerve signals.
279 terms
Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology, Chapter 8, Nervous System
Peripheral nervous system
The nervous system has two functional…
The efferent division is further divid…
Neural tissue consists of two kinds of…
All the neural tissue's outside of the central nervous system…
The afferent division... and ... the efferent division
The somatic nervous system. ... And... The automatic nervous syst…
Neurons and neuroglia
Peripheral nervous system
All the neural tissue's outside of the central nervous system…
The nervous system has two functional…
The afferent division... and ... the efferent division
128 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Nervous System Chapter 8
Nervous System
The main structures of the Nervous Sys…
Sensing
Two categories of receptors
is a unified collection of neurons and supporting cells that…
Brain, spinal cord, and nerves.... Brain is the master controlle…
is the detection of change by the sensory receptors specializ…
Receptors from this of special senses (eyes, ears) Sensory re…
Nervous System
is a unified collection of neurons and supporting cells that…
The main structures of the Nervous Sys…
Brain, spinal cord, and nerves.... Brain is the master controlle…
201 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 8: The Nervous System
Peripheral nervous system
Ganglion
Afferent nerves
Efferent nerves
A.k.a. PNS.... Contains 12 pairs of cranial nerves and 31 pairs…
A knot like mass of nerve cells located outside the CNS
A.k.a. sensory nerves.... (A part of the PNS)... Carry impulses fr…
A.k.a. motor nerves... (A part of the PNS).... Carry impulses from…
Peripheral nervous system
A.k.a. PNS.... Contains 12 pairs of cranial nerves and 31 pairs…
Ganglion
A knot like mass of nerve cells located outside the CNS
42 terms
Human anatomy and physiology chapter 8 nervous system
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
afferent division
efferent division
consist of the brain and spinal cord, integrates and coordina…
all neural tissues outside of the CNS, connection between the…
where information is processed , includes sensory receptors(s…
where CNS sends motor commands, includes neurons that send in…
central nervous system
consist of the brain and spinal cord, integrates and coordina…
peripheral nervous system
all neural tissues outside of the CNS, connection between the…
10 terms
Nervous System Chapter 8 (anatomy&physiology)
Action Potential
Brain Stem
Cerebellum
Cerebrum
A nerve impulse; a rapid change in membrane potential that in…
The portion of the brain, between the diencephalon and spinal…
Second largest part of the human brain, located posterior to…
The largest and uppermost part of the human brain, which id c…
Action Potential
A nerve impulse; a rapid change in membrane potential that in…
Brain Stem
The portion of the brain, between the diencephalon and spinal…
96 terms
Anatomy and Physiology II Chapter 8 Nervous System
The nervous system consists of?
CNS consists of ....
PNS consists of ....
What are the functions of the nervous…
CNS And PNS
Brain and Spinal cord
Nerves
Regulates and coordinate all body activities; dghtetect chang…
The nervous system consists of?
CNS And PNS
CNS consists of ....
Brain and Spinal cord
347 terms
Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology, Chapter 8, Nervous System
What two systems coordinate organ syst…
The nervous system responds ________,…
Functions of the nervous system.
The nervous system has two major anato…
Nervous System and ... Endocrine System
Nervous system is fast... Endocrine system is slow
Monitors the body's internal and External environment. ... Inte…
Central nervous system or CNS... And... Peripheral nervous system o…
What two systems coordinate organ syst…
Nervous System and ... Endocrine System
The nervous system responds ________,…
Nervous system is fast... Endocrine system is slow
Essentials of Anatomy and physiology 6th edition chapter 8 Nervous system
sensory, intergration, and motor
sensory
intergration
motor
what are the three basic functions that make up the nervous s…
monitors internal and external environment through presence o…
interpretation of sensory information (information processing…
response to information processed trough stimulation of affec…
sensory, intergration, and motor
what are the three basic functions that make up the nervous s…
sensory
monitors internal and external environment through presence o…
39 terms
Chapter 8 THE NERVOUS SYSTEM Vocabulary Development: Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology
a-
af
arachne
astro-
without; aphasia
to; afferent
spider; arachnoid membrane
star; astrocyte
a-
without; aphasia
af
to; afferent
84 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 8 - Nervous System
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
neurons
neuroglia
brain and spinal cord
cranial and spinal nervous
nerve cells that transmit impulses
support and nourish neurons
central nervous system
brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
cranial and spinal nervous
45 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 8: Fundamentals of the Nervous System (Tahseen)
Sensory Input
Integration
Motor Output
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Information gathered by sensory receptors about internal and…
Interpretation (process) of sensory input
Activation of effector organs (muscles and glands) produces a…
Brain and spinal cord; integration and command center
Sensory Input
Information gathered by sensory receptors about internal and…
Integration
Interpretation (process) of sensory input
33 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Ch8 The Nervous System
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
autonomic nervous system
neurons
A subdivision of the human nervous system comprising the brai…
The other subdivision of the human nervous system. All the ot…
A subdivision of the peripheral nervous system. Controls invo…
One type of cell found in the nervous system. Conducts impuls…
central nervous system
A subdivision of the human nervous system comprising the brai…
peripheral nervous system
The other subdivision of the human nervous system. All the ot…
154 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 8 The Nervous System
1. collect sensory information... 2. proc…
receptors
organs
impulses
3 Functions of the Nervous System:
_____ in skin and sense organs collect information from envir…
receptors in _____ collect internal information
receptors send information by ______ to the brain
1. collect sensory information... 2. proc…
3 Functions of the Nervous System:
receptors
_____ in skin and sense organs collect information from envir…
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology for Surgical Tech Students Chapter 8 The Nervous System
Dura Mater
Arachnoid Layer
Pia Mater
Subdural Layer
Hard, outer protective meningeal layer of the brain and spina…
Web-like, middle layer or space of the meningeal layer of the…
Soft, inner vascular meningeal layer of the brain and spinal…
Cavity beneath the dura that is filled mostly with serous flu…
Dura Mater
Hard, outer protective meningeal layer of the brain and spina…
Arachnoid Layer
Web-like, middle layer or space of the meningeal layer of the…
39 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 8 - Nervous system PART 1
Nervous System
Main structures of the nervous system
Sensing
Two categories of receptors... Sensory…
a unified cllection of neurons and supporting cells that, wit…
Brain - master controller of the body... Spinal chord - an exten…
detection of change by sensory receptors, specialized structu…
are those from our special senses(eyes, ears, etc.) of which…
Nervous System
a unified cllection of neurons and supporting cells that, wit…
Main structures of the nervous system
Brain - master controller of the body... Spinal chord - an exten…
154 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 8 The Nervous System
1. collect sensory information... 2. proc…
receptors
organs
impulses
3 Functions of the Nervous System:
_____ in skin and sense organs collect information from envir…
receptors in _____ collect internal information
receptors send information by ______ to the brain
1. collect sensory information... 2. proc…
3 Functions of the Nervous System:
receptors
_____ in skin and sense organs collect information from envir…
154 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 8 The Nervous System
1. collect sensory information... 2. proc…
receptors
organs
impulses
3 Functions of the Nervous System:
_____ in skin and sense organs collect information from envir…
receptors in _____ collect internal information
receptors send information by ______ to the brain
1. collect sensory information... 2. proc…
3 Functions of the Nervous System:
receptors
_____ in skin and sense organs collect information from envir…
22 terms
Chapter 8 physiology nervous system
Afferent pathways
5 basic types of receptors
Chemoreceptors
Mechanoreceptors
1. Somatic sensory... 2. Autonomic/ visceral sensory... 3. Special…
•chemoreceptors ... •mechanoreceptors... •thermoreceptors... •photorec…
Smell
Hearing
Afferent pathways
1. Somatic sensory... 2. Autonomic/ visceral sensory... 3. Special…
5 basic types of receptors
•chemoreceptors ... •mechanoreceptors... •thermoreceptors... •photorec…
190 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 8A- The Nervous System
what are the three general functions o…
general functions are performed by ner…
neuroglia surrounds neurons for ______…
what are the two major anatomical subd…
-monitors the internal and external environments... -integrates…
neurons; neuroglia
support and protection
CNS and PNS
what are the three general functions o…
-monitors the internal and external environments... -integrates…
general functions are performed by ner…
neurons; neuroglia
128 terms
Chapter 8 Nervous System - Anatomy
What does the nervous system coordinat…
What do the Endocrine and Nervous Syst…
Describe the changes in the Endocrine…
Describe the changes in the Nervous Sy…
The nervous system coordinates organ system activities in ord…
The Endocrine and Nervous Systems both cause changes in the b…
The Endocrine System's changes are very long and slow. An exa…
The Nervous System's changes are very fast (impulses).
What does the nervous system coordinat…
The nervous system coordinates organ system activities in ord…
What do the Endocrine and Nervous Syst…
The Endocrine and Nervous Systems both cause changes in the b…
The Nervous System, Chapter 11, Anatomy and Physiology
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
What are the four major parts of the b…
What are the three functions of the ne…
(CNS) Consists of the brain and spinal cord
(PNS) Consists of all nerves and receptors that are not part…
Cerebrum, Cerebellum, Brain Stem, and Diencephalon
Sensory Function (Afferent), Integrative Function, and Motor…
Central Nervous System
(CNS) Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
(PNS) Consists of all nerves and receptors that are not part…
177 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Nervous System
Frontal Lobe
Parietal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Frontal Lobe
Parietal Lobe
25 terms
anatomy chapter 8 nervous system
divisions of the nervous system
nerve tissue
types of neurons
neuroglia
anatomical divisions: ... -central nervous system (CNS)... -periphe…
there are two types of cells that compose primarily of nerve…
-multipolar neurons... -bipolar neurons ... -unipolar neurons... -gang…
-neuroglia (neuroglial cells)... -schwann cells... -neurilemma ... -ol…
divisions of the nervous system
anatomical divisions: ... -central nervous system (CNS)... -periphe…
nerve tissue
there are two types of cells that compose primarily of nerve…
437 terms
Nervous system // Anatomy& Physiology
PNS
nerve
Ganglion
Endoneurium
Nerves and ganglia outside the central nervous system
Bundle of neuron fibers in PNS
group of nerve cell bodies in PNS
connective tissue sheath that surrounds each fiber
PNS
Nerves and ganglia outside the central nervous system
nerve
Bundle of neuron fibers in PNS
36 terms
Chapter 8 Anatomy (nervous system)
Acetylcholine
action potential
arachnoid membrane
Association area
neurotransmitter secreted at the ends of many neurons (across…
change in potential propagated along the membrane of a neuron…
web like middle covering of the central nervous system (one o…
region of the cerebral cortex related to memory, reasoning, j…
Acetylcholine
neurotransmitter secreted at the ends of many neurons (across…
action potential
change in potential propagated along the membrane of a neuron…
98 terms
Chapter 8: The Muscular System; Anatomy and Physiology
Smooth, skeletal, cardiac
Walls of hollow organs (stomach, urina…
Not striated
Involuntarily
What are the three types of muscle tissue?
Where is smooth muscle tissue found?
Is smooth muscle tissue striated?
Is smooth muscle tissue controlled voluntarily or involuntari…
Smooth, skeletal, cardiac
What are the three types of muscle tissue?
Walls of hollow organs (stomach, urina…
Where is smooth muscle tissue found?
63 terms
RHS Anatomy & Physiology: Nervous System
neurons
nerve impulses
cell body
dendrites
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Self-propagating wave of electrical disturbance that travels…
The part of a neuron that contains the nucleus
Branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive…
neurons
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
nerve impulses
Self-propagating wave of electrical disturbance that travels…
94 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Nervous System Chapters 8 & 9
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Somatic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Includes the brain and spinal cord.
Cranial nerves carry impulses to & from brain and spinal nerv…
Voluntary. Affects the skeletal muscles.
Involuntary. Controls smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, and glan…
Central Nervous System
Includes the brain and spinal cord.
Peripheral Nervous System
Cranial nerves carry impulses to & from brain and spinal nerv…
177 terms
the nervous system chapter 8 BRADY ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY FOR EMERGENCEY CARE SECOND EDITION
neuroglia
autonomic nervous system
sensory neurons
dual innervation
supporting cells, glue
controls smooth and cardiac muscle, glands, and fat cells
afferent division of the PNS
opposing effects
neuroglia
supporting cells, glue
autonomic nervous system
controls smooth and cardiac muscle, glands, and fat cells
68 terms
anatomy nervous system chapter 8
Site of regulation of water balance an…
Contains reflex centers involved in re…
Responsible for the regulation of post…
Important relay station for afferent f…
Hypothalamus
Pons
Cerebellum
Thalamus
Site of regulation of water balance an…
Hypothalamus
Contains reflex centers involved in re…
Pons
40 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8 - Nervous system
Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Afferent Division
Monitors environments, integrates sensory information, and co…
Consists of brain and spinal cord. Integrates and coordinates…
System of which all communication between the CNS and the res…
division of nervous system which transmits sensory informatio…
Nervous System
Monitors environments, integrates sensory information, and co…
Central Nervous System
Consists of brain and spinal cord. Integrates and coordinates…
61 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8: Nervous System
Midbrain
Pons
Cerebrum
Cerebellum
Relay station for tracts passing between the cerecrum and the…
Turns head as a reaction to a stimulus
Controls highest level of thought process like reasoning, pla…
Controls all voluntary motor skills like muscle tone, posture…
Midbrain
Relay station for tracts passing between the cerecrum and the…
Pons
Turns head as a reaction to a stimulus
38 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Nervous System (anatomy)
cerebrum
corpus callosum
corpus callosum
frontal lobe
cerebrum
corpus callosum
98 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Nervous System
Functions
Ectoderm
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
The ______ of the Nervous System include:... 1. sensation - sens…
The ______ germ layer gives rise to the central nervous syste…
(CNS) Part of nervous system containing brain and spinal cord…
(PNS) Part of nervous system including everything OTHER THAN…
Functions
The ______ of the Nervous System include:... 1. sensation - sens…
Ectoderm
The ______ germ layer gives rise to the central nervous syste…
97 terms
Nervous System: LCHS Anatomy and Physiology
Neuron
Nerve Impulse
Cell Body
Dendrites
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
depolarization and repolarization along an axon
largest part of a typical neuron; contains the nucleus and mu…
branching extensions of neuron that receives messages from ne…
Neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
Nerve Impulse
depolarization and repolarization along an axon
39 terms
Anatomy : Chapter 8 - Central Nervous System
General Information
Nerve Cells - Neurons
Types of neurons
Synapse
* Communication and coordination ... * Receives and Responds ... *…
* Consists of nucleus, cytoplasm's and cell membranes. ... * The…
* Sensory (Afferent): From organs toward the spinal cord and…
* Messages go from one cell to the next. ... * The space between…
General Information
* Communication and coordination ... * Receives and Responds ... *…
Nerve Cells - Neurons
* Consists of nucleus, cytoplasm's and cell membranes. ... * The…
20 terms
Nervous System Chapter 8 Anatomy
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Sensory Neurons
Motor Division
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Lies outside the CNS and consists of nerves and ganglia
The neurons that transmit action potentials from the peripher…
Conducts action potentials from the CNS to effector organs su…
Central Nervous System
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Lies outside the CNS and consists of nerves and ganglia
41 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8 Nervous System
central nervous system (CNS)
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
autonomic nervous system (ANS)
neurons
brain and spinal cord
cranial and spinal nerves
subdivision of PNS; autonomic motor nerves, somatic motor ner…
nerve cells
central nervous system (CNS)
brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
cranial and spinal nerves
105 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8: The Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Neuron
Neuroglia
The brain and spinal cord; composed of gray matter and white…
Nerves and ganglia of the nervous system that branch off and…
Nerve cell that characteristically has three parts: dendrite,…
Nonconducting nerve cells that are intimately associated with…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
The brain and spinal cord; composed of gray matter and white…
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Nerves and ganglia of the nervous system that branch off and…
53 terms
Chapter 8 Nervous System Anatomy
CNS includes:
CNS function:
Peripheral nervous system (PNS) includ…
Afferent divisions
Brain and spinal cord
Integrates sensory info... Coordinates involuntary and voluntary…
All neural tissue outside of CNS
Carries messages to the CNS
CNS includes:
Brain and spinal cord
CNS function:
Integrates sensory info... Coordinates involuntary and voluntary…
40 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Nervous System
Nervous System
Sensory Input
Sensory Receptors
Stimuli
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Information gathered by sensory receptors about internal and…
Specialized cells unique to each sense organ that respond to…
Changes in the environment
Nervous System
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Sensory Input
Information gathered by sensory receptors about internal and…
213 terms
Chapter 8 nervous system ANATOMY
The hypothalamus
Hypothalamus regulates
Thalamus
Pituitary gland
Stimulates visceral responses during emotional situation
Body rhythms-secretion of hormones,mood,sleep cycle
Relay station ... Relays messages to brain to tell it what to do
Thalamus tells it what to do
The hypothalamus
Stimulates visceral responses during emotional situation
Hypothalamus regulates
Body rhythms-secretion of hormones,mood,sleep cycle
56 terms
Physiology Chapter 8: Central Nervous System
CNS composed of
overall function of CNS
association neurons
gray matter
-brain... -spinal cord
-receives input from sensory neurons... -directs activity of mot…
-integrate sensory information and help direct the appropriat…
forms cortex and deep nuclei
CNS composed of
-brain... -spinal cord
overall function of CNS
-receives input from sensory neurons... -directs activity of mot…
57 terms
chapter 8 anatomy nervous system
central nervous system (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system
General Somatic Sensory (info from ski…
special Somatic Sensory
brain and spinal cord
nerves to and from CNS... a sensory division carry impulses to CNS
touch, pain, pressure, temperature, hot, cold, tickle, itch,…
vision, hearing, equilibrium, smell
central nervous system (CNS)
brain and spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system
nerves to and from CNS... a sensory division carry impulses to CNS
21 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8 - The Nervous System
Action Potential
Synapse
Sulci
Gyri
an electrical impulse moving through a membrane
where the end of an axon is in contact w a neuron or a muscle…
"valleys" of the brain, inward folds
"hills" of the brain, stick up
Action Potential
an electrical impulse moving through a membrane
Synapse
where the end of an axon is in contact w a neuron or a muscle…
57 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8 The Nervous System
CNS (Central Nervous System) PNS (Peri…
brain and spinal cord
1. Integrates sensory information ... 2.…
intelligence, memory, and emotion
two anatomical subdivision
CNS includes both
Function of CNS
CNS is the site of
CNS (Central Nervous System) PNS (Peri…
two anatomical subdivision
brain and spinal cord
CNS includes both
38 terms
anatomy chapter 8 the nervous system
nervous system
endocine system
functions of the nervous system
divisions of the nervous system (anato…
-fast, short acting ... -coordinates other organ systems to main…
-slower but long lasting... -coordinates other organ systems to…
-monitors the body's internal and external environments... -inte…
CNS ... PNS
nervous system
-fast, short acting ... -coordinates other organ systems to main…
endocine system
-slower but long lasting... -coordinates other organ systems to…
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