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Study sets matching "nervous system drugs biology"

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Study sets matching "nervous system drugs biology"

21 terms
Biology; Drugs & The Nervous System
psychoactive drug
dependence
addiction
tolerance
a chemical substance that alters perceptions and moods
the situation that occurs when the drug becomes part of the b…
a physiological or psychological dependence on a drug
a progressive decrease in a person's responsiveness to a drug
psychoactive drug
a chemical substance that alters perceptions and moods
dependence
the situation that occurs when the drug becomes part of the b…
91 terms
Human Biology - Nervous system and Drugs
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
neuron
sensory (afferent) nerves
made up of the brain and spinal cord
made up of cranial nerves (12), spinal nerves (31), and the a…
the cellular nervous system... a nerve cell... - made up of cell b…
carry impulses to the brain
Central Nervous System
made up of the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
made up of cranial nerves (12), spinal nerves (31), and the a…
30 terms
Biology 3201- Drugs and problems of the Nervous system
Stimulants
Depressent
Marijuana
Marijuana
Speeds up the Central nervous system
Slows down the central nervous system
Blocks pain receptors and increases levels of dopamine
Can cause hallucinations, lung cancer, infertility, speech pr…
Stimulants
Speeds up the Central nervous system
Depressent
Slows down the central nervous system
16 terms
Biology Pre-AP: Nervous System - Diseases & Drugs
meningitis
symptoms of meningitis
Alzheimer's Disease
symptoms of Alzheimer's
infection of the meninges
1) severe headache... 2) stiff neck... 3) fever
a buildup of protein plaques on neurons in the cerebrum, resu…
1) memory loss... 2) confusion... 3) emotional disturbances
meningitis
infection of the meninges
symptoms of meningitis
1) severe headache... 2) stiff neck... 3) fever
19 terms
Biology unit 17 nervous system and drugs
1. What is a neuron?
2. What is the "long" part of a neuron…
3. What is the structure that receives…
4. What is a synapse?
A specialized cell used to gather information from surroundings
Axon
Dendrite
It is the gap between the axon of one neuron and the dendrite…
1. What is a neuron?
A specialized cell used to gather information from surroundings
2. What is the "long" part of a neuron…
Axon
30 terms
Nervous system and Drug addiction-contemporary issues in biology
neuron
dendrites
sensory neurons
interneurons
composed of three primary parts: the dendrites, the cell body…
receive input from sensory receptors throughout the body or f…
carry impulses to the spinal cord and brain
"process" and "interpret" the incoming information
neuron
composed of three primary parts: the dendrites, the cell body…
dendrites
receive input from sensory receptors throughout the body or f…
102 terms
Drugs and the Nervous System
Why study drugs?
Good drugs vs. Bad drugs
Tobacco
Coffee
Combat drug abuse... Combat anxiety, sleeplessness, depression,…
Motivation (appropriate or not? abuse?)... Help us understand…
Plant... Nicotine
Plant... Caffeine
Why study drugs?
Combat drug abuse... Combat anxiety, sleeplessness, depression,…
Good drugs vs. Bad drugs
Motivation (appropriate or not? abuse?)... Help us understand…
20 terms
Nervous System - AP Biology
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Sympathetic
Parasympathetic
Brain and spinal cord
All the nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord to the…
system that controls the excitatory response
system that controls calming response
Central Nervous System
Brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
All the nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord to the…
26 terms
Autonomic Nervous System Drugs
Cholinomimetic Drugs
Cholinomimetic Drugs Names
Nicotine
Bethanecol
Mimic Acetocholine
Nicotine... Bethanecol... Neostigmine
Agonist at nicotinic receptors (Nn) binds and opens cation ch…
Agonist at muscarinic receptors
Cholinomimetic Drugs
Mimic Acetocholine
Cholinomimetic Drugs Names
Nicotine... Bethanecol... Neostigmine
32 terms
Nervous System Drugs
Baclofen
Lioresal
Diazepam
Valium
Liorseal ... treat reversible spasticity
Baclofen ... treat reversible spasticity
Valium ... best muscle relaxer
Diazepam ... best muscle relaxer
Baclofen
Liorseal ... treat reversible spasticity
Lioresal
Baclofen ... treat reversible spasticity
27 terms
Drugs Nervous System I
Lidocaine
Procaine
Cocaine
Side effects of all opioids
Amide - Local Anesthetic... MoA: Blocks VGSC; Medium Acting... Si…
Ester - Local Anesthetic... MoA: Blocks VGSC; Short Acting... Sid…
Amide - Local Anesthetic... MoA: Blocks VGSC; Blocks NE reuptak…
Constipation and decrease respiratory drive
Lidocaine
Amide - Local Anesthetic... MoA: Blocks VGSC; Medium Acting... Si…
Procaine
Ester - Local Anesthetic... MoA: Blocks VGSC; Short Acting... Sid…
31 terms
Drugs Nervous System 2
Timolol
Apraclonidine
Acetazolamide
Latanoprost
Occular Hypertension; Timoptic... MoA: B2 receptor antagonist i…
Occular Hypertension; Iodipine... MoA: Alpha-2 receptor agonist…
Occular Hypertension... MoA: Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor reduc…
Occular Hypertension, open-angle glaucoma; Xalatan... MoA: Pros…
Timolol
Occular Hypertension; Timoptic... MoA: B2 receptor antagonist i…
Apraclonidine
Occular Hypertension; Iodipine... MoA: Alpha-2 receptor agonist…
92 terms
Pharmacology - Nervous System Drugs
acetylcholine
norepinephrine
cholinergic
adrenergic
preganglionic neurotransmitter in both sympathetic and parasy…
postganglionic neurotransmitter in sympathetic nervous system
Parasympathetic nervous system receptors; includes muscarinic…
Sympathetic nervous system receptors; includes alpha 1, alpha…
acetylcholine
preganglionic neurotransmitter in both sympathetic and parasy…
norepinephrine
postganglionic neurotransmitter in sympathetic nervous system
105 terms
Autonomic Nervous System Drugs
How does the autonomic nervous system…
Three main activities (Homeostatis Mai…
Sympathetic (Adrenergic) branches incl…
Parasympathetic (Cholinergric) Branch…
It has involuntary control over vital functions of the cardio…
1. Contraction of the bronchi, blood vessels, gastrointestina…
Alpha and Beta drugs
Nicotinic and Muscarinic
How does the autonomic nervous system…
It has involuntary control over vital functions of the cardio…
Three main activities (Homeostatis Mai…
1. Contraction of the bronchi, blood vessels, gastrointestina…
77 terms
Drugs and the Nervous system
myelin
action potential
Axon terminals
synapse
a fatty white substance that covers the axons of some neurons
the electrical impuls along the axon that occurs when a neuro…
enlarged buttonlike structures at the ends of axon branches
the junction between neurons
myelin
a fatty white substance that covers the axons of some neurons
action potential
the electrical impuls along the axon that occurs when a neuro…
20 terms
Nervous System - AP Biology
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Sympathetic
Parasympathetic
Brain and spinal cord
All the nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord to the…
system that controls the excitatory response
system that controls calming response
Central Nervous System
Brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
All the nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord to the…
13 terms
Human Biology - Nervous System
nervous system
central nervous sytem
brain
cerebrum
system that controls and coordinates your body's activities a…
part of the nervous system made up of your brain and spinal c…
important organ that has three parts with different functions…
part of the brain that controls your thoughts and voluntary a…
nervous system
system that controls and coordinates your body's activities a…
central nervous sytem
part of the nervous system made up of your brain and spinal c…
30 terms
Central Nervous System Drugs
dantrolene
cyclobenzaprine
methocarbamol
carisoprodol
Dantrium
Flexeril
Robaxin
Soma
dantrolene
Dantrium
cyclobenzaprine
Flexeril
42 terms
Autonomic Nervous System Drugs
Cholinomimetic Drugs
Cholinomimetic Drugs Names
Nicotine
Bethanecol
Mimic Acetocholine
Nicotine... Bethanecol... Neostigmine
Agonist at nicotinic receptors (Nn) binds and opens cation ch…
Agonist at muscarinic receptors
Cholinomimetic Drugs
Mimic Acetocholine
Cholinomimetic Drugs Names
Nicotine... Bethanecol... Neostigmine
9 terms
Drugs Nervous System 3
Modafinil
Armodafinil
Zolpidem
Zaleplon
Narcolepsy/Shift work - Provigil... MoA: Increased release of N…
Narcolepsy/Shift work - Nuvigil... MoA: Increased release of NE…
Insomnia (non-benzo) - Ambien... MoA: Potentiate GABAs ability…
Insomnia (non-benzo) - Sonata... MoA: Potentiate GABAs ability…
Modafinil
Narcolepsy/Shift work - Provigil... MoA: Increased release of N…
Armodafinil
Narcolepsy/Shift work - Nuvigil... MoA: Increased release of NE…
11 terms
Biology | Chapter 35 - Section 5: Drugs and the Nervous System
drug
synapses
stimulants
depressants
any substance, other than food, that changes the structure or…
the nervous system performs its regulatory functions through…
drugs called _________ increase the actions regulated by the…
drugs called _________ decrease the rate of functions regulat…
drug
any substance, other than food, that changes the structure or…
synapses
the nervous system performs its regulatory functions through…
10 terms
Nervous System related drugs
Lunesta (brand)
Ativan (brand)
Namenda (brand)
Celexa (brand)
Eszopiclone (generic)
Lorazepam (generic)
Memantine (generic)
Citalopram (generic)
Lunesta (brand)
Eszopiclone (generic)
Ativan (brand)
Lorazepam (generic)
30 terms
Nervous System/Drugs
Nerves
Impulse
Brain
Main Parts of the Nervous System
Cells that carry messages throughout the nervous system
Message
Main control center of the body
Brain... Spinal cord... Nerves
Nerves
Cells that carry messages throughout the nervous system
Impulse
Message
25 terms
Nervous System Drugs
Flexeril
Robaxin
Soma
Zemuron
cyclobenzaprine
methocarbamol
carisoprodol
rocuronium
Flexeril
cyclobenzaprine
Robaxin
methocarbamol
34 terms
NERVOUS SYSTEM DRUGS
MAJOR USE:
WORKS WITH ENDOCRINE SYSTEM:
THREE FUNCTIONS:
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM (CNS)
Communication and control center
- Respond and adapt to environment.... - Maintain homeostasis.
- Sensory - receives input.... - Integrative - analyzes.... - Motor…
Brain & Spinal cord
MAJOR USE:
Communication and control center
WORKS WITH ENDOCRINE SYSTEM:
- Respond and adapt to environment.... - Maintain homeostasis.
61 terms
Autonomic Nervous System Drugs
Direct Acting Muscarinic Agonists
Direct Agonist Activity at Muscarinic…
Adverse effects of direct acting musca…
Contraindications and Precautions in t…
Acetylcholine... Bethanechol... Carbachol... Cevimeline... methacholine... m…
Increased GI mobility and secretion... decreased heart rate... decr…
bradycardia... hypotension... bronchoconstriction... diarrhea... cramping…
use with caution with:... asthma... bradycardia, hypotension, vasom…
Direct Acting Muscarinic Agonists
Acetylcholine... Bethanechol... Carbachol... Cevimeline... methacholine... m…
Direct Agonist Activity at Muscarinic…
Increased GI mobility and secretion... decreased heart rate... decr…
60 terms
Drugs for nervous system disorders
Seizures
heat stroke, fever, head injury, tumor…
seizure disorder
focal seizures/partial seizures
when normal electrical activity of the brain is interrupted b…
What causes seizures?
What do they call it when you have recurring seizures?
seizures that involve only one area of the brain
Seizures
when normal electrical activity of the brain is interrupted b…
heat stroke, fever, head injury, tumor…
What causes seizures?
65 terms
Nervous System/ AP Biology
Neuron
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Nerve
A nerve cell; the fundamental unit of the nervous system, hav…
the brain and spinal cord
the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervou…
one or more bundles of neurons that connect the brain and the…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the fundamental unit of the nervous system, hav…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
the brain and spinal cord
11 terms
Nervous System Drugs
donepezil HCl
amphetamine / destroamphetamine
cyclobenzaprin
carisoprodol
Aricept (acetylcholinesterase inhibitor - anti-alzheimer's)
Adderall (stimulant - for ADHD)
Flexeril (muscle relaxant)
Soma (muscle relaxant)
donepezil HCl
Aricept (acetylcholinesterase inhibitor - anti-alzheimer's)
amphetamine / destroamphetamine
Adderall (stimulant - for ADHD)
14 terms
IGCSE Biology - Nervous system
Neurone
Synapse
Receptor
Sensory neurone
A specialised nerve cell
A junction between 2 neurones
Specialised cells that detect stimuli
This carries the nerve impulse from the receptor to the centr…
Neurone
A specialised nerve cell
Synapse
A junction between 2 neurones
13 terms
Nervous System-Drugs, Damage and Disease
Opiates
Marijuana
MDMA
Cocaine
opium and its derivatives, such as morphine and heroin; they…
a drug, often smoked, whose effects include relaxation, impai…
A compound drug related to both amphetamines and hallucinogen…
an addictive stimulant that overstimulates dopamine by blocki…
Opiates
opium and its derivatives, such as morphine and heroin; they…
Marijuana
a drug, often smoked, whose effects include relaxation, impai…
20 terms
AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM DRUGS
neostigmine (Prostigmin)
pilocarpine (Pilocar)
atropine sulfate (Atropine)
benztropine (Cogentin)
Myasthenia Gravis
constricts pupil; i.e., glaucoma
dilates pupil for eye exams
Parkinson's Disease
neostigmine (Prostigmin)
Myasthenia Gravis
pilocarpine (Pilocar)
constricts pupil; i.e., glaucoma
42 terms
Nervous System/Drugs/Alcohol
Homeostasis
Stress
Eustress
Distress
the condition in which an organism's internal environment is…
the reaction of your body to possibly threatening, challengin…
positive stress
negative stress
Homeostasis
the condition in which an organism's internal environment is…
Stress
the reaction of your body to possibly threatening, challengin…
18 terms
Drugs and the nervous system
neural transmission
Locks are
keys are
inotropic receptor
occurs via neujtrasnmitters through a lock-key mechanism
receptor sites which are specialized areas on the neurons
transmitter substances
a one step process where ions of different kinds are able to…
neural transmission
occurs via neujtrasnmitters through a lock-key mechanism
Locks are
receptor sites which are specialized areas on the neurons
11 terms
Nervous System Drugs
donepezil HCl
amphetamine / destroamphetamine
cyclobenzaprin
carisoprodol
Aricept (acetylcholinesterase inhibitor - anti-alzheimer's)
Adderall (stimulant - ADHD)
Flexeril (muscle relaxant)
Soma (muscle relaxant)
donepezil HCl
Aricept (acetylcholinesterase inhibitor - anti-alzheimer's)
amphetamine / destroamphetamine
Adderall (stimulant - ADHD)
20 terms
Central Nervous System Drugs
Suprane
Ethrane
Ketalar
Actiq
desflurane
enflurane
ketamine
fentanyl
Suprane
desflurane
Ethrane
enflurane
Human Biology- The Nervous System
Neurons
Nerves
Neuroglia
CNS
Transmit nerve impulses
Made up of bundles of nerve fibers
Found in brain to carry out a variety of functions to aid and…
Made up of brain and spinal cord (thinking)
Neurons
Transmit nerve impulses
Nerves
Made up of bundles of nerve fibers
10 terms
Drugs and Disorders of Nervous System
Drugs
Medicine
Antibiotics
Nicotine and alcohol
A drug is a chemical substance that can alter the way in whic…
A medicine is a chemical treatment for an illness or disorder.
These are drugs which are medicines
These are drugs, for instance, but are not usually thought of…
Drugs
A drug is a chemical substance that can alter the way in whic…
Medicine
A medicine is a chemical treatment for an illness or disorder.
28 terms
Peripheral Nervous System Drugs
Adrenergic Receptors (sympathetic nerv…
Flow chart
Body chart
Subtypes
Alpha... beta... dopaminergic
alpha-1 ... ---- eyes, blood vessels, male sex organs, prostatic…
Adrenergic Receptors (sympathetic nerv…
Alpha... beta... dopaminergic
Flow chart
26 terms
IGCSE Biology - The Nervous System
Stimulus
Response
Transduction
Central Nervous System (CNS)
A change in an animal's surroundings
A reaction to a change in one's surroundings
When energy is changed from one form to another
Consists of the brain and spinal cord and is linked to sense…
Stimulus
A change in an animal's surroundings
Response
A reaction to a change in one's surroundings
26 terms
Nervous System and drugs vocabulary
Reflex
Neurone
Effector
Nervous system
Involuntary response that is an immediate reaction to a stimu…
Specialised nerve cell which transmit information through ner…
A muscle or gland that brings about a response
The vast network of nerves in the body
Reflex
Involuntary response that is an immediate reaction to a stimu…
Neurone
Specialised nerve cell which transmit information through ner…
135 terms
Central Nervous System Drugs
caused by excessive dosages or... when im…
the body's decreased response to a dru…
List the three drugs that are Non-Narc…
1950s... MOA: Analgesic action unknown, A…
toxicity
tolerance
Tylenol (acetaminophen)... Aspirin (ASA- acetylsalicylic acid)…
Tylenol (acetaminophen)
caused by excessive dosages or... when im…
toxicity
the body's decreased response to a dru…
tolerance
32 terms
Nervous system drugs
Common Indications for Benzodiazepines
Mechanism of actions of benzodiazepines
How can benzodiazepines treat acute al…
Adverse effects of benzodiazepines
1) First line management of seizures and status epilepticus... 2…
Benzodiazepines facilitate and enhance binding of GABA to the…
Alcohol acts on the GABAa receptor, and in chronic use as pat…
Dose dependent drowsiness, sedation and coma. ... Relatively lit…
Common Indications for Benzodiazepines
1) First line management of seizures and status epilepticus... 2…
Mechanism of actions of benzodiazepines
Benzodiazepines facilitate and enhance binding of GABA to the…
43 terms
AP Biology: Nervous System
neuron
nerve
dendrites
axon
nerve cells
bundle of neurons
receive chemical signals and converts to electrical single
one end has receptor, other has axon terminals
neuron
nerve cells
nerve
bundle of neurons
26 terms
IGCSE Biology - The Nervous System
Stimulus
Response
Transduction
Central Nervous System (CNS)
A change in an animal's surroundings
A reaction to a change in one's surroundings
When energy is changed from one form to another
Consists of the brain and spinal cord and is linked to sense…
Stimulus
A change in an animal's surroundings
Response
A reaction to a change in one's surroundings
26 terms
IGCSE Biology - The Nervous System
Stimulus
Response
Transduction
Central Nervous System (CNS)
A change in an animal's surroundings
A reaction to a change in one's surroundings
When energy is changed from one form to another
Consists of the brain and spinal cord and is linked to sense…
Stimulus
A change in an animal's surroundings
Response
A reaction to a change in one's surroundings
94 terms
Nervous System Drugs
CNS
PNS
Autonomic
Somatic
Brain and Spinal Cord ... Regs. body function
Signals that are carried AWAY efferent ... Signals TO are afferent
Monitors internal and external environment ... Sympathetic & Par…
Skeletal Muscle - Voluntary
CNS
Brain and Spinal Cord ... Regs. body function
PNS
Signals that are carried AWAY efferent ... Signals TO are afferent
12 terms
Drugs and the Nervous system
any substance that changes the structu…
drugs that affect the synapse
increase your heart rate, blood pressu…
lower heart rate, blood pressure, and…
drug
stimulants and depresents
stimulants
depressants
any substance that changes the structu…
drug
drugs that affect the synapse
stimulants and depresents
22 terms
The Nervous System - Drugs and Behavior
Where do drugs have their target sites?
Electrochemical transmission
Chemical messages
How does a neuron generate electricity?
The Brain
Electrical signals and chemical messages
Sent into the synaptic gap or synapse
Action potential:... Exchange of charged particles that occurs w…
Where do drugs have their target sites?
The Brain
Electrochemical transmission
Electrical signals and chemical messages
35 terms
Central Nervous System Drugs
Most seizure medications are pregnancy…
Pts on seizure medications should avoid:
Serum blood levels, alert bracelets, a…
Barbiturates treat all types of seizur…
D
ETOH
seizures
absence
Most seizure medications are pregnancy…
D
Pts on seizure medications should avoid:
ETOH
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