Study sets matching "nervous system drugs biology"

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Study sets matching "nervous system drugs biology"

Biology; Drugs & The Nervous System
psychoactive drug
dependence
addiction
tolerance
a chemical substance that alters perceptions and moods
the situation that occurs when the drug becomes part of the b…
a physiological or psychological dependence on a drug
a progressive decrease in a person's responsiveness to a drug
psychoactive drug
a chemical substance that alters perceptions and moods
dependence
the situation that occurs when the drug becomes part of the b…
91 terms
Human Biology - Nervous system and Drugs
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
neuron
sensory (afferent) nerves
made up of the brain and spinal cord
made up of cranial nerves (12), spinal nerves (31), and the a…
the cellular nervous system... a nerve cell... - made up of cell b…
carry impulses to the brain
Central Nervous System
made up of the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
made up of cranial nerves (12), spinal nerves (31), and the a…
Biology 3201- Drugs and problems of the Nervous system
Multiple Sclerosis
Alzheimer's disease
Parkinson's disease
Meningitis
Auto immune disorder in which the immune system attacks the m…
Symptoms include; memory loss, personality change, aggressive…
A movement disorder, in which there is a gradual death of neu…
Caused by a viral or bacterial infection in the meninges, Usu…
Multiple Sclerosis
Auto immune disorder in which the immune system attacks the m…
Alzheimer's disease
Symptoms include; memory loss, personality change, aggressive…
Biology Pre-AP: Nervous System - Diseases & Drugs
meningitis
symptoms of meningitis
Alzheimer's Disease
symptoms of Alzheimer's
infection of the meninges
1) severe headache... 2) stiff neck... 3) fever
a buildup of protein plaques on neurons in the cerebrum, resu…
1) memory loss... 2) confusion... 3) emotional disturbances
meningitis
infection of the meninges
symptoms of meningitis
1) severe headache... 2) stiff neck... 3) fever
19 terms
Biology unit 17 nervous system and drugs
1. What is a neuron?
2. What is the "long" part of a neuron…
3. What is the structure that receives…
4. What is a synapse?
A specialized cell used to gather information from surroundings
Axon
Dendrite
It is the gap between the axon of one neuron and the dendrite…
1. What is a neuron?
A specialized cell used to gather information from surroundings
2. What is the "long" part of a neuron…
Axon
30 terms
Biology 3201- Drugs and problems of the Nervous system
Stimulants
Depressent
Marijuana
Marijuana
Speeds up the Central nervous system
Slows down the central nervous system
Blocks pain receptors and increases levels of dopamine
Can cause hallucinations, lung cancer, infertility, speech pr…
Stimulants
Speeds up the Central nervous system
Depressent
Slows down the central nervous system
20 terms
Nervous System - AP Biology
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Sympathetic
Parasympathetic
Brain and spinal cord
All the nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord to the…
system that controls the excitatory response
system that controls calming response
Central Nervous System
Brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
All the nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord to the…
102 terms
Drugs and the Nervous System
Why study drugs?
Good drugs vs. Bad drugs
Tobacco
Coffee
Combat drug abuse... Combat anxiety, sleeplessness, depression,…
Motivation (appropriate or not? abuse?)... Help us understand…
Plant... Nicotine
Plant... Caffeine
Why study drugs?
Combat drug abuse... Combat anxiety, sleeplessness, depression,…
Good drugs vs. Bad drugs
Motivation (appropriate or not? abuse?)... Help us understand…
26 terms
Autonomic Nervous System Drugs
Cholinomimetic Drugs
Cholinomimetic Drugs Names
Nicotine
Bethanecol
Mimic Acetocholine
Nicotine... Bethanecol... Neostigmine
Agonist at nicotinic receptors (Nn) binds and opens cation ch…
Agonist at muscarinic receptors
Cholinomimetic Drugs
Mimic Acetocholine
Cholinomimetic Drugs Names
Nicotine... Bethanecol... Neostigmine
20 terms
Nervous System - AP Biology
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Sympathetic
Parasympathetic
Brain and spinal cord
All the nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord to the…
system that controls the excitatory response
system that controls calming response
Central Nervous System
Brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
All the nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord to the…
32 terms
Nervous System Drugs
Baclofen
Lioresal
Diazepam
Valium
Liorseal ... treat reversible spasticity
Baclofen ... treat reversible spasticity
Valium ... best muscle relaxer
Diazepam ... best muscle relaxer
Baclofen
Liorseal ... treat reversible spasticity
Lioresal
Baclofen ... treat reversible spasticity
30 terms
Nervous system and Drug addiction-contemporary issues in biology
neuron
dendrites
sensory neurons
interneurons
composed of three primary parts: the dendrites, the cell body…
receive input from sensory receptors throughout the body or f…
carry impulses to the spinal cord and brain
"process" and "interpret" the incoming information
neuron
composed of three primary parts: the dendrites, the cell body…
dendrites
receive input from sensory receptors throughout the body or f…
45 terms
Drugs Nervous System 3
Modafinil
Armodafinil
Zolpidem
Zaleplon
Narcolepsy/Shift work - Provigil... MoA: Increased release of N…
Narcolepsy/Shift work - Nuvigil... MoA: Increased release of NE…
Insomnia (non-benzo) - Ambien... MoA: Potentiate GABAs ability…
Insomnia (non-benzo) - Sonata... MoA: Potentiate GABAs ability…
Modafinil
Narcolepsy/Shift work - Provigil... MoA: Increased release of N…
Armodafinil
Narcolepsy/Shift work - Nuvigil... MoA: Increased release of NE…
92 terms
Pharmacology - Nervous System Drugs
acetylcholine
norepinephrine
cholinergic
adrenergic
preganglionic neurotransmitter in both sympathetic and parasy…
postganglionic neurotransmitter in sympathetic nervous system
Parasympathetic nervous system receptors; includes muscarinic…
Sympathetic nervous system receptors; includes alpha 1, alpha…
acetylcholine
preganglionic neurotransmitter in both sympathetic and parasy…
norepinephrine
postganglionic neurotransmitter in sympathetic nervous system
13 terms
Human Biology - Nervous System
nervous system
central nervous sytem
brain
cerebrum
system that controls and coordinates your body's activities a…
part of the nervous system made up of your brain and spinal c…
important organ that has three parts with different functions…
part of the brain that controls your thoughts and voluntary a…
nervous system
system that controls and coordinates your body's activities a…
central nervous sytem
part of the nervous system made up of your brain and spinal c…
105 terms
Autonomic Nervous System Drugs
How does the autonomic nervous system…
Three main activities (Homeostatis Mai…
Sympathetic (Adrenergic) branches incl…
Parasympathetic (Cholinergric) Branch…
It has involuntary control over vital functions of the cardio…
1. Contraction of the bronchi, blood vessels, gastrointestina…
Alpha and Beta drugs
Nicotinic and Muscarinic
How does the autonomic nervous system…
It has involuntary control over vital functions of the cardio…
Three main activities (Homeostatis Mai…
1. Contraction of the bronchi, blood vessels, gastrointestina…
77 terms
Drugs and the Nervous system
myelin
action potential
Axon terminals
synapse
a fatty white substance that covers the axons of some neurons
the electrical impuls along the axon that occurs when a neuro…
enlarged buttonlike structures at the ends of axon branches
the junction between neurons
myelin
a fatty white substance that covers the axons of some neurons
action potential
the electrical impuls along the axon that occurs when a neuro…
11 terms
Biology | Chapter 35 - Section 5: Drugs and the Nervous System
drug
synapses
stimulants
depressants
any substance, other than food, that changes the structure or…
the nervous system performs its regulatory functions through…
drugs called _________ increase the actions regulated by the…
drugs called _________ decrease the rate of functions regulat…
drug
any substance, other than food, that changes the structure or…
synapses
the nervous system performs its regulatory functions through…
18 terms
Drugs and the nervous system
neural transmission
Locks are
keys are
inotropic receptor
occurs via neujtrasnmitters through a lock-key mechanism
receptor sites which are specialized areas on the neurons
transmitter substances
a one step process where ions of different kinds are able to…
neural transmission
occurs via neujtrasnmitters through a lock-key mechanism
Locks are
receptor sites which are specialized areas on the neurons
20 terms
AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM DRUGS
neostigmine (Prostigmin)
pilocarpine (Pilocar)
atropine sulfate (Atropine)
benztropine (Cogentin)
Myasthenia Gravis
constricts pupil; i.e., glaucoma
dilates pupil for eye exams
Parkinson's Disease
neostigmine (Prostigmin)
Myasthenia Gravis
pilocarpine (Pilocar)
constricts pupil; i.e., glaucoma
43 terms
AP Biology: Nervous System
neuron
nerve
dendrites
axon
nerve cells
bundle of neurons
receive chemical signals and converts to electrical single
one end has receptor, other has axon terminals
neuron
nerve cells
nerve
bundle of neurons
17 terms
autonomic nervous system drugs
Norepinephrine (epinephrine, dopamine)
Acetylcholine
MAO and COMT
Alpha 1 (excitatory)
neurotransmitter of the Sympathetic Nervous System
neurotransmitter of the Parasympathetic Nervous System
metabolize norepinephrine (SNS neurotransmitters)
Receptors that constrict blood vessels, dilate pupils, affect…
Norepinephrine (epinephrine, dopamine)
neurotransmitter of the Sympathetic Nervous System
Acetylcholine
neurotransmitter of the Parasympathetic Nervous System
7 terms
Nervous System and Drugs
Heroin
Ecstasy
Marijuana
Methamphetamine
Deactivates inhibitors of dopamine to increase dopamine relea…
Confuses transporters by being taken in and forcing serotonin…
Suppresses natural dopamine inhibitors by mimicking anandamin…
taken up by dopamine transporters and forces dopamine out of…
Heroin
Deactivates inhibitors of dopamine to increase dopamine relea…
Ecstasy
Confuses transporters by being taken in and forcing serotonin…
65 terms
Nervous System/ AP Biology
Neuron
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Nerve
A nerve cell; the fundamental unit of the nervous system, hav…
the brain and spinal cord
the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervou…
one or more bundles of neurons that connect the brain and the…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the fundamental unit of the nervous system, hav…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
the brain and spinal cord
10 terms
Nervous System related drugs
Lunesta (brand)
Ativan (brand)
Namenda (brand)
Celexa (brand)
Eszopiclone (generic)
Lorazepam (generic)
Memantine (generic)
Citalopram (generic)
Lunesta (brand)
Eszopiclone (generic)
Ativan (brand)
Lorazepam (generic)
31 terms
Drugs Nervous System 2
Timolol
Apraclonidine
Acetazolamide
Latanoprost
Occular Hypertension; Timoptic... MoA: B2 receptor antagonist i…
Occular Hypertension; Iodipine... MoA: Alpha-2 receptor agonist…
Occular Hypertension... MoA: Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor reduc…
Occular Hypertension, open-angle glaucoma; Xalatan... MoA: Pros…
Timolol
Occular Hypertension; Timoptic... MoA: B2 receptor antagonist i…
Apraclonidine
Occular Hypertension; Iodipine... MoA: Alpha-2 receptor agonist…
12 terms
Drugs and the Nervous system
any substance that changes the structu…
drugs that affect the synapse
increase your heart rate, blood pressu…
lower heart rate, blood pressure, and…
drug
stimulants and depresents
stimulants
depressants
any substance that changes the structu…
drug
drugs that affect the synapse
stimulants and depresents
Human Biology- The Nervous System
Neurons
Nerves
Neuroglia
CNS
Transmit nerve impulses
Made up of bundles of nerve fibers
Found in brain to carry out a variety of functions to aid and…
Made up of brain and spinal cord (thinking)
Neurons
Transmit nerve impulses
Nerves
Made up of bundles of nerve fibers
30 terms
Nervous System/Drugs
Nerves
Impulse
Brain
Main Parts of the Nervous System
Cells that carry messages throughout the nervous system
Message
Main control center of the body
Brain... Spinal cord... Nerves
Nerves
Cells that carry messages throughout the nervous system
Impulse
Message
Nervous System Drugs
Flexeril
Robaxin
Soma
Zemuron
cyclobenzaprine
methocarbamol
carisoprodol
rocuronium
Flexeril
cyclobenzaprine
Robaxin
methocarbamol
14 terms
IGCSE Biology - Nervous system
Neurone
Synapse
Receptor
Sensory neurone
A specialised nerve cell
A junction between 2 neurones
Specialised cells that detect stimuli
This carries the nerve impulse from the receptor to the centr…
Neurone
A specialised nerve cell
Synapse
A junction between 2 neurones
Central Nervous System Drugs
dantrolene
cyclobenzaprine
methocarbamol
carisoprodol
Dantrium
Flexeril
Robaxin
Soma
dantrolene
Dantrium
cyclobenzaprine
Flexeril
42 terms
Autonomic Nervous System Drugs
Cholinomimetic Drugs
Cholinomimetic Drugs Names
Nicotine
Bethanecol
Mimic Acetocholine
Nicotine... Bethanecol... Neostigmine
Agonist at nicotinic receptors (Nn) binds and opens cation ch…
Agonist at muscarinic receptors
Cholinomimetic Drugs
Mimic Acetocholine
Cholinomimetic Drugs Names
Nicotine... Bethanecol... Neostigmine
Nervous System Drugs
Morphine
Codiene
Hydromoraphone (Dilaudid)
Meperidine (Demerol)
Narcotic Analgesic
Narcotic Analgesic
Narcotic Analgesic
Narcotic Analgesic
Morphine
Narcotic Analgesic
Codiene
Narcotic Analgesic
Autonomic Nervous System Drugs
Direct Acting Muscarinic Agonists
Direct Agonist Activity at Muscarinic…
Adverse effects of direct acting musca…
Contraindications and Precautions in t…
Acetylcholine... Bethanechol... Carbachol... Cevimeline... methacholine... m…
Increased GI mobility and secretion... decreased heart rate... decr…
bradycardia... hypotension... bronchoconstriction... diarrhea... cramping…
use with caution with:... asthma... bradycardia, hypotension, vasom…
Direct Acting Muscarinic Agonists
Acetylcholine... Bethanechol... Carbachol... Cevimeline... methacholine... m…
Direct Agonist Activity at Muscarinic…
Increased GI mobility and secretion... decreased heart rate... decr…
34 terms
NERVOUS SYSTEM DRUGS
MAJOR USE:
WORKS WITH ENDOCRINE SYSTEM:
THREE FUNCTIONS:
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM (CNS)
Communication and control center
- Respond and adapt to environment.... - Maintain homeostasis.
- Sensory - receives input.... - Integrative - analyzes.... - Motor…
Brain & Spinal cord
MAJOR USE:
Communication and control center
WORKS WITH ENDOCRINE SYSTEM:
- Respond and adapt to environment.... - Maintain homeostasis.
94 terms
Nervous System Drugs
CNS
PNS
Autonomic
Somatic
Brain and Spinal Cord ... Regs. body function
Signals that are carried AWAY efferent ... Signals TO are afferent
Monitors internal and external environment ... Sympathetic & Par…
Skeletal Muscle - Voluntary
CNS
Brain and Spinal Cord ... Regs. body function
PNS
Signals that are carried AWAY efferent ... Signals TO are afferent
20 terms
Nervous System Drugs, Drug Class
lorazepam
clonazepam
diazepam
alprazolam
Benzodiazepine
Benzodiazepine
Benzodiazepine
Benzodiazepine
lorazepam
Benzodiazepine
clonazepam
Benzodiazepine
35 terms
Central Nervous System Drugs
Most seizure medications are pregnancy…
Pts on seizure medications should avoid:
Serum blood levels, alert bracelets, a…
Barbiturates treat all types of seizur…
D
ETOH
seizures
absence
Most seizure medications are pregnancy…
D
Pts on seizure medications should avoid:
ETOH
20 terms
The Nervous System - Drugs/ The Synapse
Heroin causes more of the neurotransmi…
The medical drug ... is similar to her…
Ecstasy confuses the ... transporter a…
Serotonin causes ...
Dopamine
Morphine
Serotonin
Feelings of euphoria
Heroin causes more of the neurotransmi…
Dopamine
The medical drug ... is similar to her…
Morphine
13 terms
List of drugs nervous system
Anticholinergics
Adrenergics
Phenothiazines
Dissociatives
Atropine... Glycopyrolate... Pralidoxime (2 pam)
Epinephrine... Norepinephrine... Dopamine... Dobutamine
Acepromazine
Ketamine CIII... Tiletamine (found in telazol) CIII
Anticholinergics
Atropine... Glycopyrolate... Pralidoxime (2 pam)
Adrenergics
Epinephrine... Norepinephrine... Dopamine... Dobutamine
20 terms
Nervous System Drugs, IFU
lorazepam
clonazepam
diazepam
alprazolam
Anxiety
Anxiety
Anxiety
Anxiety
lorazepam
Anxiety
clonazepam
Anxiety
Autonomic Nervous System Drugs
acetylcholine
norepinephrine
acetylcholine
acetylcholine
What is the neurotransmitter at ANS preganglionic neurons?
What is the neurotransmitter at end organs in the SNS?
What is the neurotransmitter at sweat glands of the SNS?
What is the neurotransmitter at end organs of the PSNS?
acetylcholine
What is the neurotransmitter at ANS preganglionic neurons?
norepinephrine
What is the neurotransmitter at end organs in the SNS?
17 terms
nervous system drugs: cholinergics
cholinergic agents
clinical uses of cholinergic agents
direct acting cholinergics
acetycholine
drugs that stimulate receptor sites mediated by acetycholine.…
aid in the diagnosis of myasthenia gravis.... reduce the intraoc…
acetycholine, bethanechol, pilocarpine, metoclopramide
direct acting.... seldom used clinically because it is broken do…
cholinergic agents
drugs that stimulate receptor sites mediated by acetycholine.…
clinical uses of cholinergic agents
aid in the diagnosis of myasthenia gravis.... reduce the intraoc…
18 terms
Nervous System Drugs
pseudoephedrine
epinephrine
metropolol
prazosin
allergy/cold/cough/nasal decongestant ... causes CNS stimulation…
antiasthma/bronchodilator/vasopressor... causes bronchospasms, n…
antiangina/antiHTN... causes depression of CNS, bradycardia, HF,…
antiangina/antiHTN... causes depression of CNS, bradycardia, pul…
pseudoephedrine
allergy/cold/cough/nasal decongestant ... causes CNS stimulation…
epinephrine
antiasthma/bronchodilator/vasopressor... causes bronchospasms, n…
17 terms
nervous system drugs-adrenergics
adrenergic agents (sympathomimetics)
adrenergic agents dosage forms
adrenergic agents side effects
epinephrine (adrenalin)
bring about action at receptors mediated by epinephrine or no…
epinephrine, norepinephrine, isoproterenol, dopamine, dobutam…
tachycardia, hypertension, arrhythmias
agent.... stimulates all receptors to cause an increase in heart…
adrenergic agents (sympathomimetics)
bring about action at receptors mediated by epinephrine or no…
adrenergic agents dosage forms
epinephrine, norepinephrine, isoproterenol, dopamine, dobutam…
The Central Nervous System Drugs
Desflurane
Enflurane
Ketamine
Fentanyl
Suprane
Ethrane
Ketalar
Actiq
Desflurane
Suprane
Enflurane
Ethrane
24 terms
drugs in nervous system + imbalances
rubella
smoking
cerebral palsy
anacephaly
infection during early pregnancy that can cause deafness, CNS…
this action decreases O2 in blood -> causes death of neurons…
-Neuromuscular disability in which the voluntary muscles are…
Failure of cerebrum to develop - child cannot hear, see, or p…
rubella
infection during early pregnancy that can cause deafness, CNS…
smoking
this action decreases O2 in blood -> causes death of neurons…
Nervous System/Drugs/Alcohol
Homeostasis
Stress
Eustress
Distress
the condition in which an organism's internal environment is…
the reaction of your body to possibly threatening, challengin…
positive stress
negative stress
Homeostasis
the condition in which an organism's internal environment is…
Stress
the reaction of your body to possibly threatening, challengin…
Nervous System Drug List
Risperdal
Zyprexa
Seroquel
Abilify
risperdone
olanzapine
quetiapine
aripiprazole
Risperdal
risperdone
Zyprexa
olanzapine
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