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Study sets matching "nervous system medical transcription"

51 terms
Medical Transcription Ch. 10 - Nervous System - Vocabulary
acetylcholine
afferent nerve
arachnoid membrane
astrocyte
neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord (sensory ne…
middle layer of the three membranes (meninges) that surround…
type of glial (neuroglial) cell that transports water and sal…
acetylcholine
neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
afferent nerve
carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord (sensory ne…
51 terms
Medical Transcription Ch. 10 - Nervous System - Vocabulary
acetylcholine
afferent nerve
arachnoid membrane
astrocyte
neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord (sensory ne…
middle layer of the three membranes (meninges) that surround…
type of glial (neuroglial) cell that transports water and sal…
acetylcholine
neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
afferent nerve
carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord (sensory ne…
19 terms
Medical Transcription Ch. 10 - Nervous System - Pathology
hydrocephalus
spina bifida
Alzheimer disease (AD)
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
abnormal accumulation of fluid (CSF) in the brain
congenital defects in the lumbar spinal column caused by impe…
brain disorder marked by gradual and progressive mental deter…
degenerative disorder of motor neurons in the spinal cord and…
hydrocephalus
abnormal accumulation of fluid (CSF) in the brain
spina bifida
congenital defects in the lumbar spinal column caused by impe…
28 terms
Medical Transcription Ch. 10 - Nervous System - Abbreviations
AD
AFP
ALS
AVM
Alzheimer disease
alpha-fetoprotein; elevated levels in amniotic fluid and mate…
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis - Lou Gehrig disease
arteriovenous malformation; congenital tangle of arteries and…
AD
Alzheimer disease
AFP
alpha-fetoprotein; elevated levels in amniotic fluid and mate…
19 terms
Medical Transcription Ch. 10 - Nervous System - Pathology
hydrocephalus
spina bifida
Alzheimer disease (AD)
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
abnormal accumulation of fluid (CSF) in the brain
congenital defects in the lumbar spinal column caused by impe…
brain disorder marked by gradual and progressive mental deter…
degenerative disorder of motor neurons in the spinal cord and…
hydrocephalus
abnormal accumulation of fluid (CSF) in the brain
spina bifida
congenital defects in the lumbar spinal column caused by impe…
10 terms
Medical Transcription Ch. 10 - Nervous System - Study Section
cerebrospinal fluid analysis
cerebral angiography
computed tomography (CT) of the brain
myelography
samples of CSF are examined
x-ray imaging of the arterial blood vessel in the brain after…
x-ray technique that generates computerized multiple images o…
x-ray imaging of the spinal canal after injection of contrast…
cerebrospinal fluid analysis
samples of CSF are examined
cerebral angiography
x-ray imaging of the arterial blood vessel in the brain after…
16 terms
Medical Transcription Ch. 10 - Nervous System - Study Section
absence seizure
aneurysm
astrocytoma
aura
minor (petit mal) form of seizure, consisting of momentary cl…
enlarged, weakened area in an arterial wall, which may ruptur…
malignant tumor of astrocytes (glial brain cells)
peculiar symptom or sensation occurring before the onset (pro…
absence seizure
minor (petit mal) form of seizure, consisting of momentary cl…
aneurysm
enlarged, weakened area in an arterial wall, which may ruptur…
15 terms
Medical Transcription Ch. 10 - Nervous System - Organ and Structure Combining Forms
cerebell/o
cerebr/o
dur/o
encephal/o
cerebellum
cerebrum
dura mater
brain
cerebell/o
cerebellum
cerebr/o
cerebrum
16 terms
Medical Transcription Ch. 10 - Nervous System - Signs and Symptoms CFs & Suffixes
alges/o, -algesia
-algia
caus/o
comat/o
excessive sensitivity to pain
pain
burning
deep sleep (coma)
alges/o, -algesia
excessive sensitivity to pain
-algia
pain
16 terms
Medical Transcription Ch. 10 - Nervous System - Signs and Symptoms CFs & Suffixes
alges/o, -algesia
-algia
caus/o
comat/o
excessive sensitivity to pain
pain
burning
deep sleep (coma)
alges/o, -algesia
excessive sensitivity to pain
-algia
pain
75 terms
Medical Terminology - The Nervous System
arach
-oid
arach/noid
cerebell/o
spider's web
resembling
structure resembling a spider's web
little brain
arach
spider's web
-oid
resembling
117 terms
Medical Terminology - Nervous system
Abducens nerve
Acetylcholine
Akathisia
-algia
Motor to a single extrinsic eye muscle
Neurotransmitter that produces an impulse in a muscle cell
inability to remain still; motor restlessness and anxiety
(Suffix) pain
Abducens nerve
Motor to a single extrinsic eye muscle
Acetylcholine
Neurotransmitter that produces an impulse in a muscle cell
15 terms
Nervous System Medical Terminology
arach-
cauda-
cephal-
cerebr-
spider's web
tail
head
brain
arach-
spider's web
cauda-
tail
75 terms
Nervous System Medical Terms
anxi/o
cephal/o
cerebell/o
cerebr/o
anxious; uneasy
head
cerebellum
cerebrum
anxi/o
anxious; uneasy
cephal/o
head
42 terms
Nervous System Medical Terms
cephalalgia
cerebellar
cerebellitis
cerebral
head pain
pertaining to the cerebellum
cerebellum inflammation
pertaining to the cerebrum
cephalalgia
head pain
cerebellar
pertaining to the cerebellum
50 terms
Medical Terminology - The Nervous System
arach
-oid
arach/noid
cerebell
spider's web
resembling
structure resembling a spider's web
little brain
arach
spider's web
-oid
resembling
140 terms
Medical Terminology: Nervous System
cephal/o
cerebell/o
cerebr/o, encephal/o
gangli/o
head
cerebellum
brain
ganglion
cephal/o
head
cerebell/o
cerebellum
94 terms
Medical Terminology Nervous System
cerebr/o
encephal/o
gli/o
kinesi/o
cerebrum
brain
glue; neuroglial tissue
movement
cerebr/o
cerebrum
encephal/o
brain
14 terms
Medical Definitions - Nervous System
symptom
sign
infarction
mitral valve
something the patient observes
something the doctor observes
blockage of blood resulting in death of muscle tissue
valve separating the upper and lower chamber of the heart on…
symptom
something the patient observes
sign
something the doctor observes
37 terms
Medical Transcription Ch. 11 - Cardiovascular System - Vocabulary
aorta
arteriole
artery
atrioventricular bundle (bundle of His)
largest artery in the body
small artery
largest type of blood vessel; carries blood away from the hea…
specialized muscle fibers connecting the atria with the ventr…
aorta
largest artery in the body
arteriole
small artery
nervous system medical term
encephal
mening
myel
neur
brain
membrane
spinal cord
nerve
encephal
brain
mening
membrane
91 terms
Medical Terminology - Nervous System
neurons
2 divisions of the nervous system
peripheral nervous system
central nervous system
structural and functional units of the nervous system act as…
peripheral and central nervous system
links the central nervous system with the other part
brain
neurons
structural and functional units of the nervous system act as…
2 divisions of the nervous system
peripheral and central nervous system
117 terms
Medical Terminology - Nervous system
Abducens nerve
Acetylcholine
Akathisia
-algia
Motor to a single extrinsic eye muscle
Neurotransmitter that produces an impulse in a muscle cell
inability to remain still; motor restlessness and anxiety
(Suffix) pain
Abducens nerve
Motor to a single extrinsic eye muscle
Acetylcholine
Neurotransmitter that produces an impulse in a muscle cell
117 terms
Medical Terminology - Nervous system
Abducens nerve
Acetylcholine
Akathisia
-algia
Motor to a single extrinsic eye muscle
Neurotransmitter that produces an impulse in a muscle cell
inability to remain still; motor restlessness and anxiety
(Suffix) pain
Abducens nerve
Motor to a single extrinsic eye muscle
Acetylcholine
Neurotransmitter that produces an impulse in a muscle cell
21 terms
Medical Terminology: Nervous System
-gia
Cephal/o
Encephal/o
Mening/o
pain
head
inside the head (brain)
membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord
-gia
pain
Cephal/o
head
15 terms
Medical Terminology: Nervous System
cerebr/o
encephal/o
neur/o
-algia
brain
brain
nerve
pain
cerebr/o
brain
encephal/o
brain
75 terms
Medical terminology Nervous system
caus/o
cerebr/o
concuss/o
contus/o
burning, burn
cerebrum, brain
shaken together, violently agitated
bruise
caus/o
burning, burn
cerebr/o
cerebrum, brain
53 terms
Medical Terminology: Nervous System
encephalitis
hydrocephalus
neuralgia
syncope
inflammation of the brain or spinal cord tissue, largely caus…
abnormal increase of the CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) in the bra…
sharp and paroxysmal pain along the course of a nerve
fainting
encephalitis
inflammation of the brain or spinal cord tissue, largely caus…
hydrocephalus
abnormal increase of the CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) in the bra…
10 terms
Medical Terminology - Nervous System
Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA)
Concussion
Epilepsy
Paraplegia
A condition caused when the blood supply to the brain is cut…
A head injury that occurs from a banging movement of the brai…
Disorder that causes recurring seizures.
Loss of function to the lower body and legs.
Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA)
A condition caused when the blood supply to the brain is cut…
Concussion
A head injury that occurs from a banging movement of the brai…
52 terms
Medical Terms: Nervous System
cephal/o
cerebr/o
myel/o
neur/o
head
brain
spinal cord
nerves
cephal/o
head
cerebr/o
brain
73 terms
Nervous System-Medical Terminology
Neurons are made up of
Dendrite
Cell Body
Axon
dendrite, cell body, axon and myelin sheath (generally)
receive info from other cells
(Soma)
projection from cell body that transmits signal to other cells
Neurons are made up of
dendrite, cell body, axon and myelin sheath (generally)
Dendrite
receive info from other cells
40 terms
Medical Terminology- Nervous System
agoraphobia
aphasia
atrophy
cephalalgia
fear of public places
without speech
wasting away or decrease in the size of a body part or organ
headache
agoraphobia
fear of public places
aphasia
without speech
10 terms
Medical Terminology - Nervous System
cerebrovascular accident
concussion
epilepsy
paraplegia
condition caused when a blood supply to the brain is cut off…
a head injury that occurs from a banging movement of the brai…
a disorder that causes recurring seizures
the loss of function of the lower body and legs
cerebrovascular accident
condition caused when a blood supply to the brain is cut off…
concussion
a head injury that occurs from a banging movement of the brai…
46 terms
medical terminology nervous system
cerebr/o, encephala/o
myel/o
neur/i, neur/o
caus/o
brain
spinal cord
nerves, nerve tissue
burning
cerebr/o, encephala/o
brain
myel/o
spinal cord
27 terms
Medical Terminology: Nervous System
Acetylcholine
Akinesia
Amnesia
Analgesia
A chemical released from the ends of certain nerve fibers. It…
Loss or lack of power of voluntary motion.
Loss of memory, usually a memory of a specific period of time.
The relief of pain.
Acetylcholine
A chemical released from the ends of certain nerve fibers. It…
Akinesia
Loss or lack of power of voluntary motion.
59 terms
Nervous System Medical Terms
acrophobia
Alzheimer's disease
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
anesthetic
an excessive fear of heights
a group of disorders involving the parts of the brain that co…
a rapidly progressive neurological disease that attacks the n…
the absence of normal sensation, especially sensitivity to pain
acrophobia
an excessive fear of heights
Alzheimer's disease
a group of disorders involving the parts of the brain that co…
28 terms
Medical Foundations- Nervous System
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
afferent
efferent
integrates information
sends information to and from the CNS
convey information to the CNS from sensory receptors
carries info from the CNS to effector organs
central nervous system
integrates information
peripheral nervous system
sends information to and from the CNS
52 terms
Medical Terminology - Nervous System
Brain (primary function)
Major parts of the brain
Cerebrum
Cerebral Lobes
Coordinates all activities of the body by receiving... and trans…
• Cerebrum... • Thalamus... • Hypothalamus... • Cerebellum... • Brainstem
- largest and upper most portion of brain... - divided into righ…
- frontal lobe: controls skilled motor functions,... memory, beh…
Brain (primary function)
Coordinates all activities of the body by receiving... and trans…
Major parts of the brain
• Cerebrum... • Thalamus... • Hypothalamus... • Cerebellum... • Brainstem
58 terms
Medical Transcription Ch. 5 - Digestive System - Vocabulary
absorption
amino acids
amylase
anus
passage of materials through the walls of the small intestine…
small building blocks of proteins (like links in a chain), re…
enzyme secreted by the pancreas to digest starch
terminal end or opening of the digestive tract to the outside…
absorption
passage of materials through the walls of the small intestine…
amino acids
small building blocks of proteins (like links in a chain), re…
35 terms
Nervous System - Medical Terminilogy
caus/o
concuss/o
contus/o
encephal/o
burning sensation
shaken together
bruise
Brain
caus/o
burning sensation
concuss/o
shaken together
15 terms
Medical Terms for Nervous System
Neurology
neur/o
-logy
psych/o
Medical specialty of the nervous system
nerve
study of
soul, mind
Neurology
Medical specialty of the nervous system
neur/o
nerve
31 terms
Medical Transcription Ch. 7 - Urinary System - Vocabulary
arteriole
calyx or calix
catheter
cortex
small artery
cup-like collecting region of the renal pelvis
tube for injecting or removing fluids
outer region of an organ; the renal cortex is the outer regio…
arteriole
small artery
calyx or calix
cup-like collecting region of the renal pelvis
11 terms
NERVOUS SYSTEM MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY
Parkinson's Disease
peripheral neuropathy
pia mater
post traumatic stress disorder
chronic degenerative central nervous disorder characterized b…
disorder that affect the nerves carrying the information betw…
the third layer of the meninges, located nearest to the brain…
Intense, persistent feelings of anxiety caused by traumatic e…
Parkinson's Disease
chronic degenerative central nervous disorder characterized b…
peripheral neuropathy
disorder that affect the nerves carrying the information betw…
53 terms
Medical Terminology: Nervous System
encephalitis
hydrocephalus
neuralgia
syncope
inflammation of the brain or spinal cord tissue, largely caus…
abnormal increase of the CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) in the bra…
sharp and paroxysmal pain along the course of a nerve
fainting
encephalitis
inflammation of the brain or spinal cord tissue, largely caus…
hydrocephalus
abnormal increase of the CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) in the bra…
26 terms
Nervous system medical abb
CSF
ICP
OD
OS
cerebral spinal fluid
intracranial pressure
right eye
left eye
CSF
cerebral spinal fluid
ICP
intracranial pressure
32 terms
Medical Transcription Ch. 7 - Urinary System - Abbreviations
ADH
ARF
BILI
BUN
antidiuretic hormone - vasopressin
acute renal failure
bilirubin
blood urea nitrogen
ADH
antidiuretic hormone - vasopressin
ARF
acute renal failure
154 terms
Nervous System; Medical terminology
acetylcholine
afferent nerve
arachnoid membrane
astrocyte
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
Carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord (sensory ne…
middle layer of the 3 membranes (meninges) that surround the…
type of glial (neuroglial) cell that transports water and sal…
acetylcholine
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
afferent nerve
Carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord (sensory ne…
15 terms
Medical Terminology Nervous System
arach
cauda
cephal
cerebr
spider's web
tail
head
brain
arach
spider's web
cauda
tail
27 terms
nervous system medical terms
alges/o
astr/o
cephal/o
cerebell/o
sense of pain
star
head
cerebellum
alges/o
sense of pain
astr/o
star
163 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 10-Nervous System
Neurology
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Study of the nerves.
Made of the brain and spinal cord.
Made of the cranial and spinal nerves and their branches ther…
A branch of the peripheral nervous system that reaches the he…
Neurology
Study of the nerves.
Central Nervous System
Made of the brain and spinal cord.
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