How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "nervous system"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "nervous system"

44 terms
nervous system
neuron
nerve
sensory neuron
relay neuron (interneuron)
nerve cell
bundle of neurons
binds to / responds to external & internal stimulus
sends messages to relay or motor neurons
neuron
nerve cell
nerve
bundle of neurons
81 terms
Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous system
Autonomic Nervous System
Somatic Nervous System
(CNS) brain and spinal cord.
Body Nerves that connect to the central nervous system (brain…
Controls involuntary bodily functions (not consciously contro…
Controls voluntary bodily functions (consciously controlled),…
Central Nervous System
(CNS) brain and spinal cord.
Peripheral Nervous system
Body Nerves that connect to the central nervous system (brain…
56 terms
Nervous System
Functions: helps detect what....
subdivisions of the nervous system (2)
CNS controls what
CNS does what two things
detects changes in environment... initiate response, controls an…
CNS, PNS
brain and spinal cord
detects, integrates and evaluates information... controls the ac…
Functions: helps detect what....
detects changes in environment... initiate response, controls an…
subdivisions of the nervous system (2)
CNS, PNS
90 terms
Nervous System
Gray Matter
White Matter
Ventral Root
Dorsal Root
"butterfly shape" in the spinal cord, controlled by nerve cel…
outer part in the spinal cord, made up of axons
Axons of efferent neurons leaving spinal cord
Sensory info coming into spinal cord
Gray Matter
"butterfly shape" in the spinal cord, controlled by nerve cel…
White Matter
outer part in the spinal cord, made up of axons
14 terms
Nervous System
Nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Central nervous system
Synapse
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, con…
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
The brain and spinal cord
A junction or space where information is transmitted from one…
Nervous system
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, con…
Peripheral nervous system
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
9 terms
Nervous system
Motor neurons
Sensory neurons
Interneurons
Cerebrum
Send impulses from brain to muscles
Gather information about what is happening in and around your…
Connect sensory and motor neurons
Largest part of your brain that controls voluntary movement,…
Motor neurons
Send impulses from brain to muscles
Sensory neurons
Gather information about what is happening in and around your…
34 terms
The Nervous System !
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Neurons
Dendrite
Part of the nervous system that is made up of the brain and s…
Part of the nervous system that consists of all of the nerves…
Nerve cells. They carry electrical messages from one area of…
The branched part of the neuron that receives incoming messag…
Central nervous system
Part of the nervous system that is made up of the brain and s…
Peripheral nervous system
Part of the nervous system that consists of all of the nerves…
nervous system
meninges
reflex
dendrite
schwan cell
three layers of connective tissue in which the brain and spin…
An involuntary and almost immediate movement in response to a…
This part of the neuron transmits the impulse toward the cell…
Special type of glial cell that produces the myelin sheath
meninges
three layers of connective tissue in which the brain and spin…
reflex
An involuntary and almost immediate movement in response to a…
8 terms
Nervous System
nervous system
brain
spinal cord
CNS (central nervous system)
is made of the structures that control the actions and reacti…
the body's central command organ. 3 main parts; cerebrum, cer…
allows the brain to communicate with the rest of the body
includes the brain and the spinal cord
nervous system
is made of the structures that control the actions and reacti…
brain
the body's central command organ. 3 main parts; cerebrum, cer…
31 terms
Nervous System
axon
dendrite
schwann cells
myelin sheath
Long fiber that carries impulses away from the cell body of a…
Branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive…
Supporting cells of the peripheral nervous system responsible…
A layer of electrical insulation that surrounds the axon.
axon
Long fiber that carries impulses away from the cell body of a…
dendrite
Branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive…
22 terms
Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Brain
Spinal Cord
Includes the brain and the spinal cord
Includes the limbs and all parts from the CNS
This has billions of neurons and is the control center for th…
This organ carries messages to and from the CNS to the PNS. I…
Central Nervous System
Includes the brain and the spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Includes the limbs and all parts from the CNS
14 terms
Nervous System
Nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Central nervous system
Synapse
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, con…
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
The brain and spinal cord
A junction or space where information is transmitted from one…
Nervous system
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, con…
Peripheral nervous system
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
12 terms
Nervous System, nervous system
Nervous system
Neuron
Axon
Dendrite
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, con…
Another name for nerve cell
A threadlike extension of a neuron that carries nerve impulse…
Branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive…
Nervous system
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, con…
Neuron
Another name for nerve cell
60 terms
Nervous System
Major function of the nervous system
subdivisions of the nervous system (2)
CNS controls what
PNS controls what
maintain homeostasis
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System
brain and spinal cord
cranial and spinal nerves
Major function of the nervous system
maintain homeostasis
subdivisions of the nervous system (2)
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System
10 terms
Nervous System
The nervous system is the main communi…
The central nervous system,The periphe…
The central nervous system comprises o…
The function of the spinal cord is onl…
True
True
False
False... It allows and co-ordinates spinal reflex actions.... whic…
The nervous system is the main communi…
True
The central nervous system,The periphe…
True
64 terms
Nervous System
Neuron
CNS
PNS
Central
A nerve cell
The brain and the spinal cord form this system (abbreviation)
The nervous system not involving the brain or spinal cord. (a…
The brain and the spinal cord are called the ................…
Neuron
A nerve cell
CNS
The brain and the spinal cord form this system (abbreviation)
11 terms
Nervous System
Nervous System
Sensory Nerve
Motor Nerve
Neuron
Enables up to react to our enviroment
carry messages from the sense organs to your brain.
messages ordering muscle to move.
is especially designed to carry messages called nerve impulse…
Nervous System
Enables up to react to our enviroment
Sensory Nerve
carry messages from the sense organs to your brain.
8 terms
Nervous system
nervous system
central N. S. (CNS)
peripheral N. S. (PNS)
neurons
your body's message and control center
your brain and spinal cord
all nerves that connect the CNS to all parts of the body
specialized nerve cells
nervous system
your body's message and control center
central N. S. (CNS)
your brain and spinal cord
29 terms
Nervous System
Astrocytes
Ependymal Cells
Oligodendrocytes
Satalite cells
Abundant star shaped cells that anchor neurons in the CNS
Line and circulate fluid in the CNS
Pruduce myelin that wraps around the axon the CNS
Protective cushioning cells in the PNS
Astrocytes
Abundant star shaped cells that anchor neurons in the CNS
Ependymal Cells
Line and circulate fluid in the CNS
24 terms
Nervous System
Ganglia
Axon
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Nerve cell cluster; group of nerve cell bodies
Long slender projection of a nerve cell
Brain and spinal cord
Cranial and peripheral nerves (everything other than brain an…
Ganglia
Nerve cell cluster; group of nerve cell bodies
Axon
Long slender projection of a nerve cell
29 terms
Nervous System
Nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Central nervous system
Synapse
The body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, con…
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
The brain and spinal cord
A junction or space where information is transmitted from one…
Nervous system
The body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, con…
Peripheral nervous system
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
113 terms
Nervous system
Nervous system
2 nervous system categories
CNS
PNS
gathers information to monitor changes occurring inside and o…
central nervous system (CNS)... periferral nervous system (PNS)
brain and spinal cord
extremities (spinal & cranial nerves outside the brain and sp…
Nervous system
gathers information to monitor changes occurring inside and o…
2 nervous system categories
central nervous system (CNS)... periferral nervous system (PNS)
23 terms
Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Afferent Nerves
Efferent Nerves
Part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal…
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
nerves that carry sensory nerve impulses to the brain or to t…
Also called motor nerves; nerves that carry information out o…
Central Nervous System
Part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal…
Peripheral Nervous System
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
Nervous System
Brain
Brain Stem
Spinal Cord
Neurons
This organ is the center of the nervous system.
This part of the nervous system connects the brain and the sp…
A thick bunch of nerves that start at the brain stem and go d…
These cells transmit information in the form of electrical si…
Brain
This organ is the center of the nervous system.
Brain Stem
This part of the nervous system connects the brain and the sp…
40 terms
Nervous system:Nervous tissue
Describe a neuron
Describe a glial cell
Describe the cell body of the neuron
Describe the axon
Neurons are excitable cells that initiate and transmit electr…
Glial cells are nonexcitable cells that primarily support and…
The cell body is also called the soma.It is enclosed by a pla…
The axon ( or nerve fiber) is a longer process emanating from…
Describe a neuron
Neurons are excitable cells that initiate and transmit electr…
Describe a glial cell
Glial cells are nonexcitable cells that primarily support and…
8 terms
The Nervous System
brain
cerebellum
brain stem
spinal cord
major organ of the central nervous system, protected by your…
controls balance and coordination
located at the base of the brain, controls vital involuntary…
an extension of the brain stem composed of a bundle of nerves…
brain
major organ of the central nervous system, protected by your…
cerebellum
controls balance and coordination
43 terms
nervous and central nervous system
Two functions of the neuron
What is the CNS made of?
What is the PNS made of?
Purpose of Myelin Sheath
Structural units of the nervous system and to transmit electr…
Astrocytes, microglia, oligodendrocytes, brain and spinal chord
Satellite cells and Schwann cells
Surround and protect nerve fiber core
Two functions of the neuron
Structural units of the nervous system and to transmit electr…
What is the CNS made of?
Astrocytes, microglia, oligodendrocytes, brain and spinal chord
81 terms
Nervous System
Action Potential
cerebrum
Corpus Callosum
Midbrain
A neural impulse; a brief electrical charge that travels down…
Area of the brain responsible for all voluntary activities of…
A thick band of axons that connects the two cerebral hemisphe…
A small part of the brain above the pons that integrates sens…
Action Potential
A neural impulse; a brief electrical charge that travels down…
cerebrum
Area of the brain responsible for all voluntary activities of…
12 terms
Nervous System
Nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Central nervous system
Neuron
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, con…
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
The brain and spinal cord
Another name for nerve cell
Nervous system
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, con…
Peripheral nervous system
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
10 terms
Nervous System
Nervous System
Brain
cerebrum
Cerebellum
Communication and Control system of the body; the boss of the…
The major organ of the nervous system
Area of the brain responsible for all voluntary (things you a…
Coordinates voluntary movement and regulates muscle tone and…
Nervous System
Communication and Control system of the body; the boss of the…
Brain
The major organ of the nervous system
28 terms
The Nervous System
central nervous system (CNS)
somatic nervous system
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
autonomic nervous system
Brain and spinal cord
Controls voluntary activities (activation of skeletal muscl…
Cranial nerves and spinal nerves
Regulates the activity of the *cardiac muscle, smooth muscle,…
central nervous system (CNS)
Brain and spinal cord
somatic nervous system
Controls voluntary activities (activation of skeletal muscl…
50 terms
Nervous System
nervous system
neuron
soma
dendrite
As the fast-acting control system of the body, it responds to…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Division of the PNS that controls the body's skeletal muscles.
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
nervous system
As the fast-acting control system of the body, it responds to…
neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
9 terms
Nervous System
Cerebrum
Cerebellum
Brain Stem/ Medulla
Spinal Cord
the part of the brain that interprets input from the senses,…
the part of the brain that coordinates muscle action and help…
the part of the brain that lies between the cerebellum and sp…
thick column of nerve tissue that links the brain to the nerv…
Cerebrum
the part of the brain that interprets input from the senses,…
Cerebellum
the part of the brain that coordinates muscle action and help…
12 terms
Nervous System
cerebrum
cerebellum
medulla
brain, nerve cells, and spinal cord
Which part of the brain controls memory, thinking, and learni…
Which part of the brain controls the muscular coordination an…
Which part of the brain controls involuntary functions like b…
What are the three main parts of the nervous system?
cerebrum
Which part of the brain controls memory, thinking, and learni…
cerebellum
Which part of the brain controls the muscular coordination an…
6 terms
Nervous System
Nervous System
Brain
Spinal Cord
Nerves
Uses electrical impulses to communicate with the body.
processes information
main pathway for sending information
transmits impulses of stimuli
Nervous System
Uses electrical impulses to communicate with the body.
Brain
processes information
12 terms
Nervous system
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) (where)
Two parts of the peripheral nervous sy…
Central Nervous system function
made up of the brain and spinal cord
nerves go from spinal cord to arms, hands, legs, and feet.
Somatic and Autonomic
Control center of body, all information is brought to it
Central Nervous System (CNS)
made up of the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) (where)
nerves go from spinal cord to arms, hands, legs, and feet.
20 terms
Nervous system
reflex arc
muscle tissue
dendrite
nervous tissue
The pathway an impulse travels
Enable the body to move
Extend from cell body,... Short branched extensions carry impuls…
Transmits nerve impulses throughout body
reflex arc
The pathway an impulse travels
muscle tissue
Enable the body to move
14 terms
Nervous System
Nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Central nervous system
Synapse
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, con…
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
The brain and spinal cord
A junction or space where information is transmitted from one…
Nervous system
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, con…
Peripheral nervous system
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
7 terms
Nervous System
Nervous System
brain
spinal cord
nerve cells
Controls all functions of the body; made up of the brain, spi…
Control center of the nervous system; uses electrical energy
thick column of nervous tissue that links the brain to the ne…
Send information from different parts of the body to the brai…
Nervous System
Controls all functions of the body; made up of the brain, spi…
brain
Control center of the nervous system; uses electrical energy
Nervous System
CNS
PNS
sensory input
integration
Central Nervous System -- the brain & spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System -- all the nervous tissue located O…
the part of your PNS that gathers information using the 5 sen…
the process that happens in your CNS which allows you to inte…
CNS
Central Nervous System -- the brain & spinal cord
PNS
Peripheral Nervous System -- all the nervous tissue located O…
17 terms
Nervous System
Nervous System is divided into two par…
Central Nervous System includes:
Peripheral Nervous System has two parts:
Brain is the main part of the nervous…
Central Nervous System & Peripheral Nervous System
brain & spinal cord
somatic nervous system & automatic nervous system
cerebrum, cerebellum, brain stem
Nervous System is divided into two par…
Central Nervous System & Peripheral Nervous System
Central Nervous System includes:
brain & spinal cord
12 terms
Nervous System
Brain
Spinal Cord
Nerves-Neurons
Central Nervous System
main organ of nervous system
bundle of nerves-runs down spine
Carry messages or impulses-Neurons are nerve cells
CNS-brain and spinal cord
Brain
main organ of nervous system
Spinal Cord
bundle of nerves-runs down spine
25 terms
The Nervous System
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Neurons
Dendrite
Part of the nervous system that is made up of the brain and s…
Part of the nervous system that consists of all of the nerves…
Nerve cells. They carry electrical messages from one area of…
The branched part of the neuron that receives incoming messag…
Central nervous system
Part of the nervous system that is made up of the brain and s…
Peripheral nervous system
Part of the nervous system that consists of all of the nerves…
30 terms
The Nervous System !
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Neurons
Dendrite
Part of the nervous system that is made up of the brain and s…
Part of the nervous system that consists of all of the nerves…
Nerve cells. They carry electrical messages from one area of…
The branched part of the neuron that receives incoming messag…
Central nervous system
Part of the nervous system that is made up of the brain and s…
Peripheral nervous system
Part of the nervous system that consists of all of the nerves…
116 terms
The Nervous System
synapse
central
peripheral
dendrite
A ________ is a small space across which an impulse travels t…
The ________ nervous system is made up of the brain and spina…
The ________ nervous system is made up of all the nerves outs…
What is the branch part of the neuron that receives messages…
synapse
A ________ is a small space across which an impulse travels t…
central
The ________ nervous system is made up of the brain and spina…
33 terms
Nervous System & Nervous System Disorders
Multiple sclerosis
Meningitis
Hydrocephaly
Concussion
A disease in which the myelin sheath is attacked by the patie…
This disease is caused by a viral or bacterial infection of t…
An obstruction blocks the drainage of CSF and allows it to ac…
This can occur as a result of a blow in which the brain ricoc…
Multiple sclerosis
A disease in which the myelin sheath is attacked by the patie…
Meningitis
This disease is caused by a viral or bacterial infection of t…
44 terms
Nervous System
What provide the main receptive surfac…
List the 5 types of neuroglial cells.
When a nerve fiber is polarized, the c…
List the parts of a reflex in the corr…
Dendrites
Microglial, oligodendrocytes, astrocytes, ependymal, Schwann
Higher, outside, potassium
Receptor, sensory neuron, interneuron, motor neuron, effector
What provide the main receptive surfac…
Dendrites
List the 5 types of neuroglial cells.
Microglial, oligodendrocytes, astrocytes, ependymal, Schwann
10 terms
The Nervous System
neuron
dendrite
cell body
axon
Neurons are specialized cells that help you gather informatio…
Dendrites receive signals called impulses from other neurons…
The nucleus of the neuron and many of the cell organelles are…
An axon carries the nerve impulse from the cell body to other…
neuron
Neurons are specialized cells that help you gather informatio…
dendrite
Dendrites receive signals called impulses from other neurons…
22 terms
The Nervous System
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Neurons
Dendrite
Part of the nervous system that is made up of the brain and s…
Part of the nervous system that consists of all of the nerves…
Nerve cells. They carry electrical messages from one area of…
The branched part of the neuron that receives incoming messag…
Central nervous system
Part of the nervous system that is made up of the brain and s…
Peripheral nervous system
Part of the nervous system that consists of all of the nerves…
11 terms
The Nervous System
Cerebrum
Cerebullum
Medulla
Spinal Cord
Processes complex thoughts and starts motor functions (moveme…
Balance and coordination of movement.
Reflex functions of breathing, swallowing, regulation of hear…
Connects the central nervous system to the peripheral nervous…
Cerebrum
Processes complex thoughts and starts motor functions (moveme…
Cerebullum
Balance and coordination of movement.
1 of 10