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Study sets matching "neuro cranium"

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Study sets matching "neuro cranium"

83 terms
Cranium Bones
Frontal bone
Supraorbital notch/foramen (Frontal bo…
Parietal bone
Temporal fossa
Frontal bone
Supraorbital notch/foramen (Frontal bo…
54 terms
Cranium Ventricles Meninges (Neuro exam 1)
What are the three layers of Meninges…
Pia adheres to the?
Arachnoid adheres to the
What are the two layers of Dura, and w…
Dura--> Arachnoid --> Pia
Brain
Dura, its the spidery layer
Periosteal layer: adheres to skull... Meningeal layer: folds th…
What are the three layers of Meninges…
Dura--> Arachnoid --> Pia
Pia adheres to the?
Brain
Neuro 24 - Hydrocephalus og misdannelser i centralnervesystemet, cranium og columna
Hydrocephalus def
Kommunikerende vs ikke-kommunikerende…
Inddeles efter
CSF dannes
Forstørret ventrikelsystem med unormal forøget mængde CSF
Om ventrikler kommunikerer med subarachnoidalrummet. Kan ses…
Debutalder: Infantil, juvenil, adult... Patoanatomisk: Kommunike…
Plexus Chordieus
Hydrocephalus def
Forstørret ventrikelsystem med unormal forøget mængde CSF
Kommunikerende vs ikke-kommunikerende…
Om ventrikler kommunikerer med subarachnoidalrummet. Kan ses…
158 terms
Neuro 5 cranium ventricles meninges
possible cause of sudden explosive hea…
headaches caused by low CSF pressure
headaches with neoplasms
headache symptoms with meningitis
subarachnoid hemorrhage
typically after spinal tap... worse while standing, better lying…
worse while lying down, better standing
fever, signs of meningeal irritation (stiff neck, sensitivity…
possible cause of sudden explosive hea…
subarachnoid hemorrhage
headaches caused by low CSF pressure
typically after spinal tap... worse while standing, better lying…
77 terms
Neurology
affer/o
arachn/o
astr/o
autonom/o
combining term meaning toward the midline
spider-like or web-like combining form
combining form meaning star
combining form meaning independent or self-governing
affer/o
combining term meaning toward the midline
arachn/o
spider-like or web-like combining form
67 terms
Cranium, Meninges, and Ventricles
to support and protect the brain!
regulated (e.g. must have multiple pro…
10-100 billion
False! Nerve cells do NOT divide to re…
What is the purpose of the cranium, meninges, and ventricles?
The more complex a structure is, the more closely ___ its ope…
Brain has __-__ billion neurons that are all present at birth.
True or false: Nerve cells divide to replace their losses.
to support and protect the brain!
What is the purpose of the cranium, meninges, and ventricles?
regulated (e.g. must have multiple pro…
The more complex a structure is, the more closely ___ its ope…
12 terms
Brain Blood Supply
Vertebral arteries
Posterior inferior cerebellar arteries
Anterior inferior cerebellar arteries
Superior cerebellar arteries
Vertebral arteries
Posterior inferior cerebellar arteries
32 terms
Neurology Terms
Alert and Oriented x3 (A&O x3)
Altered Mental Status (AMS)
Ambulatory (AMB, amb)
Aneurysm
The patient is conscious and is able to recall person, place,…
A change in a patient's awareness
Able to move about; not confined to a bed
A widening of a blood vessel due to pressure on weakened tiss…
Alert and Oriented x3 (A&O x3)
The patient is conscious and is able to recall person, place,…
Altered Mental Status (AMS)
A change in a patient's awareness
12 terms
Cranium nerves
I
II
III
IV
OLFACTORY-SENSORY... SMELL
OPTIC-SENSORY... VISION-AWARENESS OF LIGHT DARK
OCCULARMOTOR-MOTOR... EYE MOVEMENT UP/DOWN MEDIAL
TROCHLEAR-MOTOR... EYE MOVEMENT MEDIAL DOWN
I
OLFACTORY-SENSORY... SMELL
II
OPTIC-SENSORY... VISION-AWARENESS OF LIGHT DARK
14 terms
Lab Practical 3, Internal Cranium
Crista Galli
Cribriform Plate (Olfactory N.)
Lesser Wing of Sphenoid
Optic Canal (Optic N, Opthalmic A)
Identify #3
Identify #4
Identify #6
Identify #10
Crista Galli
Identify #3
Cribriform Plate (Olfactory N.)
Identify #4
25 terms
NeuroSV (Patho, Neuro, WEEK 5)
Overview:
spinal cord overview
The Spinal Cord Ends at the Conus Medu…
The Spinal Cord is Divided into Five S…
CNS-Spinal Cord... Motor Pathways... Sensory Pathways... Protective St…
Overview:
CNS-Spinal Cord... Motor Pathways... Sensory Pathways... Protective St…
spinal cord overview
30 terms
Brain Anatomy
Dura mater
Periosteal layer of dura mater
Meningeal layer of dura mater
Falx cerebri... Large, crescent-shaped f…
Dura mater
Periosteal layer of dura mater
49 terms
Intro/neuro review
neuroglia
3 types of neurons
afferent neuron
interneuron
supportive cells of the nervous system
- afferent... - interneron... - efferent
- sensory... - receive sensory input and transmit to CNS
- connect neuron to neuron... - organize info for later interpre…
neuroglia
supportive cells of the nervous system
3 types of neurons
- afferent... - interneron... - efferent
19 terms
Cranium Assessment
Cranial Nerve I
Cranial Nerve II
Cranial Nerve III
Cranial Nerve IV
Olfactory, smell
Optic, vision
Oculomotor, raise and move muscles around eyes
Trochlear, elevate eyes
Cranial Nerve I
Olfactory, smell
Cranial Nerve II
Optic, vision
33 terms
Cranium and meninges
Bones of Skull
Bones of Facial Skeleton
Anterior Aspect of Cranium foramina
Lateral Aspect Main Features
Calvaria:... Frontal, Parietal, Temporal, linked ogether by temp…
Nasal Bones... Palatine Bones ... Maxilla ... Zygomatic... Lacrimal ... etc
Superior and inferior orbital foramen: Supraorbital nerves an…
Pterion: Where sutures between frontal, temporal, sphenoid an…
Bones of Skull
Calvaria:... Frontal, Parietal, Temporal, linked ogether by temp…
Bones of Facial Skeleton
Nasal Bones... Palatine Bones ... Maxilla ... Zygomatic... Lacrimal ... etc
126 terms
Ch 10 Neurology
Afferent nerves
Autonomic nervous system
Brain
Central nervous system
Nerves that carry sensory nerve pulses from the body to the b…
Division of the peripheral nervous system that carries nerve…
Largest organ in the nervous system
Division of the nervous system that includes the brain and th…
Afferent nerves
Nerves that carry sensory nerve pulses from the body to the b…
Autonomic nervous system
Division of the peripheral nervous system that carries nerve…
160 terms
Ch 10 Neurology
Afferent nerves
Autonomic nervous system
Brain
Central nervous system
Nerves that carry sensory nerve pulses from the body to the b…
Division of the peripheral nervous system that carries nerve…
Largest organ in the nervous system
Division of the nervous system that includes the brain and th…
Afferent nerves
Nerves that carry sensory nerve pulses from the body to the b…
Autonomic nervous system
Division of the peripheral nervous system that carries nerve…
82 terms
Chapter 10: Neurology
afferent nerves
autonomic nervous system
brain
central nervous system
Nerves that carry sensory nerve impulses from the body to the…
Division of the peripheral nervous system that carries nerve…
Largest organ of the nervous system. It is part of the centra…
Division of the nervous system that includes the brain and th…
afferent nerves
Nerves that carry sensory nerve impulses from the body to the…
autonomic nervous system
Division of the peripheral nervous system that carries nerve…
20 terms
Neurology
Cerebrum
corpus callosum
midbrain
pons
parietal, frontal, temporal and occipital
connects hemispheres
reflex to sight and sound
relays nerve impulses from spinal cord
Cerebrum
parietal, frontal, temporal and occipital
corpus callosum
connects hemispheres
52 terms
Brain and Environs: Cranium, Ventricles, and Meninges
Cervicomedullary junction
anterior fossa
middle fossa
posterior fossa
point where spinal cord meets the medulla
contains frontal lobe
contains temporal lobe
contains cerebellum and brainstem
Cervicomedullary junction
point where spinal cord meets the medulla
anterior fossa
contains frontal lobe
109 terms
Neurology chapter 10
Affer/o
Arachn/o
Astr/o
Autonom/o
Bring toward the center
Spider, spider web
Star like structure
Independent, self gathering
Affer/o
Bring toward the center
Arachn/o
Spider, spider web
9 terms
Neurology
Central Nervous system
Peripheral Nervous system
Parasympathetic divison
Sympathetic system
the brain and spinal cord
cranial nerves and spinal nerves: autonomic (parasympathetic…
rest and digest
active and alert
Central Nervous system
the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous system
cranial nerves and spinal nerves: autonomic (parasympathetic…
10 terms
Chapter 10 Neurology
neurology
cranial
cranium
cerebral
study of nerves
pertaining to the skull.
pertaining to the skull
pertaining to the cerebrum
neurology
study of nerves
cranial
pertaining to the skull.
71 terms
Chapter 10: Neurology
Access/o-
Affer/o-
Arachn/o-
Astr/o-
Supplemental or contributing part
Bring toward the front
Spider; spider web
Star-like structure
Access/o-
Supplemental or contributing part
Affer/o-
Bring toward the front
149 terms
Chapter 10 - Neurology
affer/o
autonom/o
nerv/o
effer/o
bring toward the center
independent ; self-governing
nerve
go out from the center
affer/o
bring toward the center
autonom/o
independent ; self-governing
96 terms
Textbook of Basic Nursing Rosdahls- Neurology System
Ataxia
Aura
Autonomic Dysreflexia
Bradykinesia
Defective muscular coordination, esp. that manifested when vo…
A subjective sensation prior to seizure, such as before epile…
Hyperreflexia or exaggerated autonomic nervous system reflexe…
Slowness of movement
Ataxia
Defective muscular coordination, esp. that manifested when vo…
Aura
A subjective sensation prior to seizure, such as before epile…
neurology
meninges
pia mater
archnoid
dura mater
membranes covering the central nervous system
inner layer containing nerve tissue
middle layer made of delicate,lace-like membranes
outer layer that protects CNS from damage from contact with b…
meninges
membranes covering the central nervous system
pia mater
inner layer containing nerve tissue
104 terms
Neurology lecture 1 neuroanatomy
What are the main functions of the ner…
What is the difference between general…
What is dura mater?
What is the foramen magnum?
motor, sensory, special sensory, associations of input
general= reception and interpretation of pain, touch, pressur…
dense CT that suspends the brain and the spinal cord
large hole in the cranium that houses the medulla.
What are the main functions of the ner…
motor, sensory, special sensory, associations of input
What is the difference between general…
general= reception and interpretation of pain, touch, pressur…
251 terms
Neuro exam 1
PNS
cephalic flexure
pons and medulla (metencephalon and my…
telencephalon and diencephalon
nerves that connect the CNS with peripheral structures (inclu…
a bend that occurs between the midbrain (mesencephalon) and t…
what does the hindbrain (rhombencephalon) develop into?
what does the forebrain (prosencephalon) develop into
PNS
nerves that connect the CNS with peripheral structures (inclu…
cephalic flexure
a bend that occurs between the midbrain (mesencephalon) and t…
87 terms
Chapter 10 neurology
Nervous system
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Automatic nervous system
Body system that consists of the brain, spinal cord, cranial…
Division of he nervous system that includes the brain and the…
Division of the nervous system that includes the cranial nerv…
Division of the peripheral nervous system that carries nerve…
Nervous system
Body system that consists of the brain, spinal cord, cranial…
Central nervous system
Division of he nervous system that includes the brain and the…
61 terms
Neuro Anatomy
2 parts of nervous System?
CNS
PNS
Afferent neurons - sensory
CNS, PNS
Brain, spinal cord
Outside cranium and spinal cord (cranaial + spianl nerves)... So…
Receive sensory input from periphery transfer it to CNS
2 parts of nervous System?
CNS, PNS
CNS
Brain, spinal cord
64 terms
Neurology Key Terms
Absence (petit mal) seizures
Acoustic Neuroma
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (…
Amaurosis fugax
A childhood d/o characterized by rhythmic electrical brain di…
A benign neoplasm of the Schwann cells of the 8th CN, mostly…
Acute/subacute inflammatory process of CNS. Histologically- m…
Transient complete or partial monocular blindness d/t retinal…
Absence (petit mal) seizures
A childhood d/o characterized by rhythmic electrical brain di…
Acoustic Neuroma
A benign neoplasm of the Schwann cells of the 8th CN, mostly…
48 terms
Neurological System Assessment - Undergrad
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
afferent messages
efferent messages
Brain and spinal cord
the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervou…
Carries sensory information to CNS
Carries motor information from the CNS
central nervous system
Brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervou…
20 terms
Neurology & Special Senses
afferent nerves
meninges
epilepsy
status epilepticus
conduct impulses toward the brain and spinal cord
protective covering of brain and spinal cord
chronic recurring seizures
life-threatening emergency involving the whole cortex
afferent nerves
conduct impulses toward the brain and spinal cord
meninges
protective covering of brain and spinal cord
86 terms
Chapter 10: Neurology
afferent nerves
autonomic nervous system
central nervous system
efferent nerves
nerves that carry sensory nerve impulses from the body to the…
division of the peripheral nervous system that carries nerve…
division of the nervous system that includes the brain and sp…
nerves that carry motor nerve impulses from the spinal cord o…
afferent nerves
nerves that carry sensory nerve impulses from the body to the…
autonomic nervous system
division of the peripheral nervous system that carries nerve…
20 terms
Neuro Instruments Study List
Kerrison Rongeur, downbiting
Kerrison Rongeur, angled upbiting
Bayonet pick ups
Pituitary Rongeur, straight/upbiting
Biting small pieces of bone
Biting small pieces of bone
Grasping delicate tissue
Removing small pieces of disc material and pituitary gland
Kerrison Rongeur, downbiting
Biting small pieces of bone
Kerrison Rongeur, angled upbiting
Biting small pieces of bone
94 terms
Neurology Test 2 Chapters 4 and 5
This is maintained by an unequal distr…
A client with weakness of the voluntar…
What are 3 types of spina bifida?
Degeneration of the distal portion of…
Membrane Potential
Impulse is not adequate enough to reach the muscle
Cystica, Occulta, and Malformation
Walerian Degeneration
This is maintained by an unequal distr…
Membrane Potential
A client with weakness of the voluntar…
Impulse is not adequate enough to reach the muscle
10 terms
Neurology
Syncope
Ischemic Stroke
Intracranial Hemorrhage
Hemiparesis
Temporary loss of Conciousness caused by fall in blood pressu…
Deprovation of blood flow to an area of brain
Escape of blood within the cranium
Weakness on one side of body
Syncope
Temporary loss of Conciousness caused by fall in blood pressu…
Ischemic Stroke
Deprovation of blood flow to an area of brain
60 terms
Test 3- HO14 Blood Supply to the Cranium
Main blood supply
maxillary artery
Middle meningeal artery (external caro…
- Internal carotid arteries... - Vertebra…
Carotid and Vertebra arteries
supply dura
- branch of maxillary... - supply blood to dura mater and bony c…
Blood supply to the brain:
Main blood supply
Carotid and Vertebra arteries
maxillary artery
supply dura
93 terms
Neurology
gemin/o-
acess/o-
arffer/o-
arachn/o-
set or group
suplimentary
bring twords the center
spider
gemin/o-
set or group
acess/o-
suplimentary
43 terms
Neurology
Affer/o
Arachn/o-
Astr/o
Autonom/o
Bring towards the center
Spider or spider web
Starlike structure
Independent
Affer/o
Bring towards the center
Arachn/o-
Spider or spider web
35 terms
Neurology
Affer/o-
Arachn/o-
Astr/o-
Autonom/o-
Bring toward the center
Spider, spider web
Starlike structure
Independent; self governing
Affer/o-
Bring toward the center
Arachn/o-
Spider, spider web
20 terms
Neuro Instruments
Kerrison Rongeur, downbiting (2)... biti…
Kerrison Rongeur, angled upbiting... bit…
Bayonet pick ups (2)... grasping delicat…
Pituitary Rongeur, straight/upbiting…
Kerrison Rongeur, downbiting (2)... biti…
Kerrison Rongeur, angled upbiting... bit…
24 terms
Chapter 11 Neurological Systems
Neurological disorders in athletes are…
2 main components of the skull
Cerebral Cranium is made up of
Facial Skeleton is made up of
Life Threatening Conditions... Chronic Implications
Cerebral Cranium... Facial Skeleton
Frontal bone... 2 Temporal bone... 2 Parietal bone... Occipital bone... S…
Mandible bone... 2 Zygomatic bones... 2 Maxillary bones... 2 Nasal bones
Neurological disorders in athletes are…
Life Threatening Conditions... Chronic Implications
2 main components of the skull
Cerebral Cranium... Facial Skeleton
116 terms
ch. 10 Medical terminology Neurology Kennedy
access/o-
affer/o-
alg/o-
alges/o-
supplemental or contributing part
bring toward the center
pain
sensation of pain
access/o-
supplemental or contributing part
affer/o-
bring toward the center
29 terms
Neurology
Neurology
Functions of neurology
Central Nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
study of anatomy and function of the nervous system
sensation: internal and external stimuli are transmitted as c…
consists of the brain and spinal cord... Complex circuitry of ne…
nerves that emerge from the brain and spinal cord... if nerve i…
Neurology
study of anatomy and function of the nervous system
Functions of neurology
sensation: internal and external stimuli are transmitted as c…
10 terms
Neurology
Bilateral
Disorientation
Encephalopathy
Headaches
Having or relating to two sides; affecting both sides.
The loss of proper bearing, or state of mental confusion as t…
A degenerative disease most often associated with the brain o…
Pain in the head, caused by dilation of cerebral arteries, mu…
Bilateral
Having or relating to two sides; affecting both sides.
Disorientation
The loss of proper bearing, or state of mental confusion as t…
50 terms
Acquired and Congenital Neurological Disorders in the Pediatric Patient
What is hydrocephalus?
Acquired/Communicating Hydrocephalus
Congenital/Non-Communicating Hydroceph…
Symptoms of hydrocephalus in infant
1. Symptom of something else- not its own disease... 2. Excess c…
Problem with CSF absorption. Not caused by obstruction- fluid…
Block in the ventricular system causing a lack of communicati…
1. RAPID HEAD GROWTH/bulging fontanels... 2. sun setting eyes... 3.…
What is hydrocephalus?
1. Symptom of something else- not its own disease... 2. Excess c…
Acquired/Communicating Hydrocephalus
Problem with CSF absorption. Not caused by obstruction- fluid…
19 terms
Gutman Section 5 & 6: The Cranium & The Meninges
Skull bones
Cranium bones
Suture Lines
Fontanels
supports, anchors and protects the brain, consists of 14 bone…
encloses the brain and consists of 8 separate fused bones- fr…
junctions between skull bones (areas where bones have fused).…
soft spots located between the cranial bones of a fetus and n…
Skull bones
supports, anchors and protects the brain, consists of 14 bone…
Cranium bones
encloses the brain and consists of 8 separate fused bones- fr…
15 terms
Neurology terms
Affer/o
Astr/o
Autonom/o
Cerebell/o
Bring toward the center
Starlike structure
Independent; self governing
Cerebellum (posterior to brain)
Affer/o
Bring toward the center
Astr/o
Starlike structure
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