Study sets matching "neuro"

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Study sets matching "neuro"

Neurology
central nervous system
how is the nervous system divided stru…
how is the nervous system divided acco…
how is the nervous system divided func…
brain and spinal cord
- central nervous system... - peripheral nervous system
- afferent... - efferent
- somatic... - autonomic
central nervous system
brain and spinal cord
how is the nervous system divided stru…
- central nervous system... - peripheral nervous system
105 terms
Neurology
Mechanical System of the Body Includes…
What controls the mechanical system?
CNS
PNS
-bones... -muscles... -force transmitters... -ligaments... -cartilage
The nervous system
Integrative and control centers. The brain and spinal cord.
Communication pathway between the CNS and the body. Cranial a…
Mechanical System of the Body Includes…
-bones... -muscles... -force transmitters... -ligaments... -cartilage
What controls the mechanical system?
The nervous system
42 terms
neurology
Optic neuritis
The pupillary light reflex
relative afferent pupillary defect
Anterior to the Chiasma
is inflammation of the optic nerve. It occurs more commonly i…
is used to assess the function of the brain stem in a... comatos…
afferent pupillary defect, transmission of the signal to her…
Damage to the light-transmitting parts of the eye, the retina…
Optic neuritis
is inflammation of the optic nerve. It occurs more commonly i…
The pupillary light reflex
is used to assess the function of the brain stem in a... comatos…
58 terms
Neurology
Orthostatic hypotension treatment
Sick sinus syndrome treatment
questions to ask during a seizure
Pseudo seizure characteristic
Salt intake, fludrocortisone
Pacing permanent
loss of consciousness, tongue biting, urinary incontinence, s…
Bilateral seizure involvement without loss of consciousness o…
Orthostatic hypotension treatment
Salt intake, fludrocortisone
Sick sinus syndrome treatment
Pacing permanent
16 terms
Neurology
Chiari II Formation
Dandy-Walker formation
Norepinephrine
Dopamine
a posterior fossa malformation in which there is significant…
a posterior fossa malformation in which there is *agenesis o…
Neurotransmitter synthesized in the locus ceruleus (pons)... In…
Neurotransmitter synthesized in the Ventral tementum and subs…
Chiari II Formation
a posterior fossa malformation in which there is significant…
Dandy-Walker formation
a posterior fossa malformation in which there is *agenesis o…
33 terms
Neurology
Cranial nerves
Bell's Palsy
Primary Headache
Secondary headache
I: Olfactory (smell) 1 nose... II: Optic (vision) 2 eyes... III: Oc…
CN VII- seen without other s/s... Believed to be the result of i…
Not associated with other diseases... Likely associated with gen…
Associated/caused by other conditions... -brain tumor, intracran…
Cranial nerves
I: Olfactory (smell) 1 nose... II: Optic (vision) 2 eyes... III: Oc…
Bell's Palsy
CN VII- seen without other s/s... Believed to be the result of i…
188 terms
Neurology
Subarachnoid and intracerebral bleeds…
Subdural and epidural bleeds are gener…
amaurosis fugax
Wallenberg syndrome
hemorrhagic stroke
trauma
TIA or infarction of optic nerve or retina caused by ocular i…
occlusion of distal vertebral artery causing infarction of la…
Subarachnoid and intracerebral bleeds…
hemorrhagic stroke
Subdural and epidural bleeds are gener…
trauma
448 terms
Neurology
What percent of patients with Bell's p…
Apart from facial palsy, what other sy…
Apart from classic Bells palsy, what a…
What is the most common cause of asept…
85%
Hyperacusis and hypogeusia.
Lyme disease, Ramsay Hunt Syndrome, parotid tumors.
Enteroviruses (echovirus and Coxsackievirus. These make up 80…
What percent of patients with Bell's p…
85%
Apart from facial palsy, what other sy…
Hyperacusis and hypogeusia.
30 terms
Neurology
ilioinguinal n
genitofemoral n
genital branch of the genitofemoral n
femoral branch of the genitofemoral n
C
G
8
7
ilioinguinal n
C
genitofemoral n
G
Neurology
Symptoms of anterior circulation TIA(…
Brain electrical failure occurs when...
Brain ion pumps fail when....
Cerebral perfusion pressure
Transient monocular blindness(amarousis fugax), hemiparesis,…
Cerebral blood flow is less than 18 ml per 100 g per minute
CBF drops below 8 ml per 100 g per minute
Difference between mean arterial pressures and intracranial p…
Symptoms of anterior circulation TIA(…
Transient monocular blindness(amarousis fugax), hemiparesis,…
Brain electrical failure occurs when...
Cerebral blood flow is less than 18 ml per 100 g per minute
18 terms
Neurology
Neuron
Myelin
Sensory receptors
The nervous system provides-
Transmits nerve impulses along nerve fibers
white covering around axon-... (main purpose of a myelin layer…
at the ends of peripheral nerves that gather information and…
Sensory, integrative & motor functions
Neuron
Transmits nerve impulses along nerve fibers
Myelin
white covering around axon-... (main purpose of a myelin layer…
Neurology
Moro reflex
Erb-Duchenne - spinal levels affected
Erb-Duchenne - treatment
neuroplasty
infantile reflex present from birth to 5 months in response t…
C5-C6
refer for neuroplasty if not better by 3-6 months
surgical nerve decompression
Moro reflex
infantile reflex present from birth to 5 months in response t…
Erb-Duchenne - spinal levels affected
C5-C6
38 terms
Neurology
Neurology
What is the nervous system
What is a Neurological examination
A test to diagnose neurological problems
Branch of medicine that deals with the nervous system and dis…
the network of nerve cells and fibers that transmits nerve im…
it assesses motor and sensory skills, the functioning of one…
computerized tomography. It is important for us to know that…
Neurology
Branch of medicine that deals with the nervous system and dis…
What is the nervous system
the network of nerve cells and fibers that transmits nerve im…
40 terms
neurology
what are bundles of nerve fibers enclo…
the PNS includes...
What are nerves?
all spinal nerves are _________ nerves
connective tissue
all the nerves of the body and ganglia
bundle of nerve fibers enclosed by connective tissue
mixed
what are bundles of nerve fibers enclo…
connective tissue
the PNS includes...
all the nerves of the body and ganglia
400 terms
Neurology
What originates from the neuroectoderm?
What originates from the neural crest…
What originates from the mesoderm?
What are neurons? What is the Nissl su…
CNS Neurons, Ependymal Cells (inner lining of ventricles, mak…
Schwann Cells and PNS Neurons
Microglia, like Macrophages
Large cells with prominent nucleoli that comprise the nervous…
What originates from the neuroectoderm?
CNS Neurons, Ependymal Cells (inner lining of ventricles, mak…
What originates from the neural crest…
Schwann Cells and PNS Neurons
58 terms
Neurology
What is a CT scan ?
Whats an MRI ?
What is EEG?
What is lumbar puncture ?
Differentiates between bone and soft tissue
Shows location of tumors , brain, spinal cord, surrounding so…
Recording if electrical impulses in the brain by electrodes o…
Needle into subarachnoid space between L4 and L5 vertebrae to…
What is a CT scan ?
Differentiates between bone and soft tissue
Whats an MRI ?
Shows location of tumors , brain, spinal cord, surrounding so…
53 terms
Neurology
Spinal cord ends at level
MCA supplies... Arms/face/legs
Why would a catheter injection on the…
What aa supplies the visual cortex?
L2
Arms and face... ACA-legs
Left carotid arises direct from the aorta
PCA
Spinal cord ends at level
L2
MCA supplies... Arms/face/legs
Arms and face... ACA-legs
33 terms
Neurology
Functions of: Basal Ganglia
Functions of: Thalamus
Functions of: Hypothalamus
Result of damage: Broca's Area
- contralateral innervation... - contains substantia nigra... - coo…
- processes sensory information and relay to cortex
- input to the pituitary gland... - maintains homeostasis... - regu…
- expressive apahsia (non-fluent)... - hallmark is "telegraphic…
Functions of: Basal Ganglia
- contralateral innervation... - contains substantia nigra... - coo…
Functions of: Thalamus
- processes sensory information and relay to cortex
448 terms
Neurology
What percent of patients with Bell's p…
Apart from facial palsy, what other sy…
Apart from classic Bells palsy, what a…
What is the most common cause of asept…
85%
Hyperacusis and hypogeusia.
Lyme disease, Ramsay Hunt Syndrome, parotid tumors.
Enteroviruses (echovirus and Coxsackievirus. These make up 80…
What percent of patients with Bell's p…
85%
Apart from facial palsy, what other sy…
Hyperacusis and hypogeusia.
Neurology
Findings in Arnold Chiari Type II Malf…
Findings in Syringomyelia
Laboratory findings of screening for A…
Nucleus of hypothalamus responsible fo…
Syringomyelia, Thoracolumbar myelomeningocele an Hydrocephaly
Bilateral loss of pain and temperature sensation in the upper…
1) Elevated AFP... 2) Elevated acetylcholinesterase
Suprachiasmatic nucleus
Findings in Arnold Chiari Type II Malf…
Syringomyelia, Thoracolumbar myelomeningocele an Hydrocephaly
Findings in Syringomyelia
Bilateral loss of pain and temperature sensation in the upper…
Neurology
Nieman Pick vs Tay Sachs
steppage gait
EEG with... sharp... triphasic... synchcronou…
pendular knee reflex
- BOTH cherry red macula... NP: sphingomyelinase... - HSM... - hypOto…
- foot drop... - excessive hip + knee flexion ... - slapping qual…
- CJD
- indicates cerebellar degeneration!
Nieman Pick vs Tay Sachs
- BOTH cherry red macula... NP: sphingomyelinase... - HSM... - hypOto…
steppage gait
- foot drop... - excessive hip + knee flexion ... - slapping qual…
Neurology
Neuron
Axon
Dendrite
Action potential
Nerve cell
Extension of cell body, covered in myelin
Extensions of cell body that detect stimulus from environment
Electrical current that travels down the length of the axon
Neuron
Nerve cell
Axon
Extension of cell body, covered in myelin
Neurology
cerebell/o
cerebr/o
encephal/o
medull/o
cerebellum
cerebro
brain
medulla oblongata
cerebell/o
cerebellum
cerebr/o
cerebro
90 terms
Neurology
What is the best way to prevent neonat…
Foot drop + steppage gait + What nerve?
What will become absent if you lose pr…
Recurrent respiratory infection + chro…
Maternal vaccination during pregnancy
Common peroneal
Secretory vesicles in nerve terminals
Vitamin E deficiency
What is the best way to prevent neonat…
Maternal vaccination during pregnancy
Foot drop + steppage gait + What nerve?
Common peroneal
39 terms
Neurology
migraine preventative
migraine abortive
atenolol
metoprolol
beta blocker, calcium channel blocker, antidepressant
serotonin 5-HT receptor agonist
beta blocker
beta blocker
migraine preventative
beta blocker, calcium channel blocker, antidepressant
migraine abortive
serotonin 5-HT receptor agonist
Neurology
When is the lumbar puncture contraindi…
NLP returns of CSF with high cell coun…
NLP returns a slightly elevated cell c…
A lumbar puncture returns normal cell…
If you suspect increased intracranial pressure or subarachnoi…
Bacterial meningitis.
Viral meningitis
Pseudotumor cerebri.
When is the lumbar puncture contraindi…
If you suspect increased intracranial pressure or subarachnoi…
NLP returns of CSF with high cell coun…
Bacterial meningitis.
68 terms
Neurology
What is the HINTs exam?
What is the HINTs examination for?
Which patients with dizziness do you p…
What is a head impulse test in the HIN…
HINTS stands for Head Impulse, Nystagmus, and Test of Skew, a…
used to differentiate between stroke and vestibular neuritis…
patients with hours or days of persistent nystagmus/dizziness
Rapid head rotation by the examiner with the subject's vision…
What is the HINTs exam?
HINTS stands for Head Impulse, Nystagmus, and Test of Skew, a…
What is the HINTs examination for?
used to differentiate between stroke and vestibular neuritis…
Neurology
Nervous System Heirarchy
Motor Function Heirarchy
Brain Stem
Brain Stem dysfunction
- Central vs peripheral... - somatic vs autonomic... - Parasympathe…
Direct motor control... 1. Cerebral Cortex... 2. Brain Stem... 3. Spin…
- intermediate level of motor control... - integrates visual, ve…
- Can disconnect upper brain from spinal cord
Nervous System Heirarchy
- Central vs peripheral... - somatic vs autonomic... - Parasympathe…
Motor Function Heirarchy
Direct motor control... 1. Cerebral Cortex... 2. Brain Stem... 3. Spin…
129 terms
Neurology
List 8 non neurological causes of weak…
List 7 non emergency causes of periphe…
List 15 causes of NM disease
Describe how the following toxins caus…
1. dehydration... 2. glucose or electrolyte abnormalities... 3. ane…
1. CTD... 2. external compression... 3. endocrinopathy... 4. toxin... 5.…
-Autoimmune... 1. ALS... 2. GBS... 3. MG... 4. TM... 5. polymyositis... -Elect…
1. botulism... -toxin prevents release of ACH at NMJ... -tx - triva…
List 8 non neurological causes of weak…
1. dehydration... 2. glucose or electrolyte abnormalities... 3. ane…
List 7 non emergency causes of periphe…
1. CTD... 2. external compression... 3. endocrinopathy... 4. toxin... 5.…
72 terms
Neurology
AIDS patient... Ring enhancing lesion on…
Neurfibrillary tangles - *hyperphospho…
Loss of pigmented dopaminergic neurons…
Normal pressure hydrocephalus treatment
Primary CNS lymphoma
Alzheimer's disease
Parkinson disease
Ventricular shunt - relieves CSF pressure
AIDS patient... Ring enhancing lesion on…
Primary CNS lymphoma
Neurfibrillary tangles - *hyperphospho…
Alzheimer's disease
56 terms
Neurology
NT increases in schizophrenia, decreas…
Decreased in anxiety and in depression
Decreased in Alzheimer's/Huntington's
3 histological components of the blood…
Dopamine
5-HT
Ach
• Tight junctions between non-fenestrated capillary endotheli…
NT increases in schizophrenia, decreas…
Dopamine
Decreased in anxiety and in depression
5-HT
262 terms
Neurology
What period of time does a pt have to…
T/F: Most seizures last <3 minutes.
What position would you put a person w…
Instances to call EMS if you see someo…
6-12mo
True
Turn person on side with head inclined toward ground to keep…
1. prolonged seizure... 2. person not awakening... 3. new onset sei…
What period of time does a pt have to…
6-12mo
T/F: Most seizures last <3 minutes.
True
58 terms
Neurology
What are the types of neurodegenerativ…
What is Parkinson's disease?
What is the pathogenesis of Parkinson'…
What are some key clincal features of…
Dementia - neocortical neurons... Parkinsons - Nigral neurons... Mo…
Progressive, degenerative disease ... Causes:... - sporadic... - famil…
1. Degeneration of the dopaminergic neutrons in the substanti…
HINT: "Parkinson TRAPS your body"... • Tremor - 4 / second; pil…
What are the types of neurodegenerativ…
Dementia - neocortical neurons... Parkinsons - Nigral neurons... Mo…
What is Parkinson's disease?
Progressive, degenerative disease ... Causes:... - sporadic... - famil…
34 terms
Neurology
How to tell stroke versus Bells palsy
Findings of anterior cerebral artery o…
Findings of middle cerebral artery occ…
Findings of posterior cerebral artery…
Strokes spare upper 1/3 of face (from eyes up)
Profound LE weakness, mild UE weakness, personality changes/p…
Profound UE weakness, aphasia, apraxia/neglect, eye deviates…
Prosopagnosia
How to tell stroke versus Bells palsy
Strokes spare upper 1/3 of face (from eyes up)
Findings of anterior cerebral artery o…
Profound LE weakness, mild UE weakness, personality changes/p…
46 terms
Neurology
What are the sx of Miege's syndrome?
What is Hallevorden-Spatz syndrome?
What are the sx of a syringomyelia?
What are Pacinian corpuscles for/where…
Blepharospasm and oral/mandibular dystonia
Dementia/Parkinsonism in CHILDREN due to iron deposition in b…
LMN signs (paralysis), pain, loss of pain/temp but preserved…
Vibration, pressure, found in deep skin/joints
What are the sx of Miege's syndrome?
Blepharospasm and oral/mandibular dystonia
What is Hallevorden-Spatz syndrome?
Dementia/Parkinsonism in CHILDREN due to iron deposition in b…
9 terms
Neurology
Action potentials
central nervous system protective stru…
43 pairs of nerves originate from the
12 pars of cranial nerves originate wh…
jump down axon from node to node
The meninges
CNS to form PNS
brain
Action potentials
jump down axon from node to node
central nervous system protective stru…
The meninges
Neurology
Glasgow Coma Scale
Early signs of ICP
Late signs of ICP
Cushing's Triad
eye opening... verbal response... motor response
HA,blurry vision, NV, pupils not as reactive, dizziness, slig…
Cushing's triad... Bradycardia... Irregular RR... Fixed pupils... Loss of…
inc systolic BP... Bradycardia... irregular respiration pattern
Glasgow Coma Scale
eye opening... verbal response... motor response
Early signs of ICP
HA,blurry vision, NV, pupils not as reactive, dizziness, slig…
69 terms
Neurology
Define common migraine (w/o Aura)
Do migraines occur in families?
Migraine acute attack Tx
Migraine prophylaxis
unilateral, pulsatile, severe, increase with PE activity
yes
NSAID, Zofran... Triptans... Opiods
BB/CCB... TCA... Anticonvulsants... Methysergide
Define common migraine (w/o Aura)
unilateral, pulsatile, severe, increase with PE activity
Do migraines occur in families?
yes
90 terms
Neurology
Subdural Hematoma
Subdural Hematoma
Epidural Hematoma
Epidural Hematoma
Subdural Hematoma
Subdural Hematoma
185 terms
Neurology
Which part of the nervous system can b…
Where are Schwann Cells found?
Where are oligodendrocytes found?
What part of the neuron receives input…
The Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
PNS
Central Nervous System (CNS)
The Dendrites
Which part of the nervous system can b…
The Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Where are Schwann Cells found?
PNS
28 terms
Neurology
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Neurons
Cell Body
Directs activity of the whole nervous system, made up of the…
Sensory receptors, (pain and tempterature)
Cells that transmit information in the form of nerve impulses…
The main part of a neuron, has a nucleus.
Central Nervous System
Directs activity of the whole nervous system, made up of the…
Peripheral Nervous System
Sensory receptors, (pain and tempterature)
95 terms
neurology
Neurology... • Mental status: aphasia... • C…
what receptive aphasia is and where it…
what expressive aphasia is and where i…
what is global aphasia?
...
= wernicke's... unable to understand language... localized in tempo…
= broca's... unable to speak but can understand language... localiz…
elements of both receptive and expressive aphasia
Neurology... • Mental status: aphasia... • C…
...
what receptive aphasia is and where it…
= wernicke's... unable to understand language... localized in tempo…
Neurology
afferent neurons
efferent neurons
upper motor neurons
lower motor neurons
sensory info - carry it from peripheral receptors to CNS
motor info - carry it away from CNS
-neurons in CNS... -synapses with lower motor neuron... -corticospi…
-neurons originate in the nucleus of the brain stem (cranial…
afferent neurons
sensory info - carry it from peripheral receptors to CNS
efferent neurons
motor info - carry it away from CNS
23 terms
Neurology
Myasthenia Gravis (MG)... eye symptoms…
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)... eye symptoms…
Guillain-Barré Syndrome
Status Epilepticus
Myasthenia Gravis... Autoimmune destruction of Ach receptors... Pr…
Demyelinating disorder... Caucasian females ... ssx: ... Optic neurit…
Antecedent pulmonary or GI illness (Campylobacter jejuni)... Rap…
Seizure lasting > 5 minutes or > 2 discrete seizures without…
Myasthenia Gravis (MG)... eye symptoms…
Myasthenia Gravis... Autoimmune destruction of Ach receptors... Pr…
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)... eye symptoms…
Demyelinating disorder... Caucasian females ... ssx: ... Optic neurit…
96 terms
Neurology
"worst headache of my life"... "Thundercl…
Intense headache (Lateralized and thro…
Prophylactic Tx of migraines... 1. When t…
Vise-like, band like, tight sensation…
SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE (an acute HA)... 1. CT non-contrast (r/…
MIGRAINE (chronic HA)-dilation of blood vessels innervated by…
1. If 1-3 times/month or disabling... 2. ... -Cardio: Propanolol, T…
TENSION HA... 1. Exacerbated: emotional stress, fatigue, noise,…
"worst headache of my life"... "Thundercl…
SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE (an acute HA)... 1. CT non-contrast (r/…
Intense headache (Lateralized and thro…
MIGRAINE (chronic HA)-dilation of blood vessels innervated by…
37 terms
Neurology
3 Diseases that have onset usually mid…
Excessive alcohol consumption can caus…
Excess B6 can lead to...
B12 deficiency assoc. with malabsorpti…
Epilepsy: highest incidence is actually in the very young and…
B1- thiamin
Polyneuropathy
corticospinal and posterior column degeneration... dementia
3 Diseases that have onset usually mid…
Epilepsy: highest incidence is actually in the very young and…
Excessive alcohol consumption can caus…
B1- thiamin
126 terms
Neurology
What are the two types of stokes?
What is the most significant and treat…
What is the most common type of stroke?
What are some s/s of strokes?
Ischemic and Hemorrhagic
Hypertension
Ischemic ... -specifically thrombotic
-aphasia ... -hemiparesis ... -apraxia ... -visual field loss ... -coma…
What are the two types of stokes?
Ischemic and Hemorrhagic
What is the most significant and treat…
Hypertension
Neurology
What is the treatment for essential tr…
What are secondary causes of restless…
What are the common complications of s…
What is Dejerine Roussy Syndrome?
Propanolol ... Primidone-converted to phenobarbital (increases c…
-Iron deficiency ... -Uremia... -Pregnancy... -Anti-depressants, metoc…
24 hours: rebleeding... 3 days: vasospasm (give Nimodipine to he…
STROKE of the VPL thalamus that transmits sensory information…
What is the treatment for essential tr…
Propanolol ... Primidone-converted to phenobarbital (increases c…
What are secondary causes of restless…
-Iron deficiency ... -Uremia... -Pregnancy... -Anti-depressants, metoc…
45 terms
Neurology
What is membrane potential
Where is potential found
Potentials can be "graded" - What does…
Action potentials (nerve impulses) are…
Slight excess of positively charged ions on the outside of th…
At the axon hillock
Changes in membrane potential that vary in size, as opposed t…
The membrane potential of a neuron that is conducting an impu…
What is membrane potential
Slight excess of positively charged ions on the outside of th…
Where is potential found
At the axon hillock
150 terms
Neurology
define central hypotonia?
define peripheral hypotonia?
what antenatal occurrence is associate…
what does hypotonia look like?
prob w/ upper motor neurons (which are in cortical pyramidal…
prob w/ lower motor neurons (which are spinal motor neurons a…
breech position... neonatal seizures
weak cry, frog leg position (externally rotated/flexed legs),…
define central hypotonia?
prob w/ upper motor neurons (which are in cortical pyramidal…
define peripheral hypotonia?
prob w/ lower motor neurons (which are spinal motor neurons a…
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