Study sets matching "neuroanatomy block"

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Study sets matching "neuroanatomy block"

246 terms
Functional Neuroanatomy Block 1
CNS
PNS
somatic
autonomic
brain & spinal cord
nerves outside CNS (dorsal/ventral roots, spinal & cranial ne…
skeletal muscle/voluntary
visceral; smooth muscle, glands, organs/involuntary
CNS
brain & spinal cord
PNS
nerves outside CNS (dorsal/ventral roots, spinal & cranial ne…
Neuroanatomy block 1
nerve
tract
commissure
lateral geniculate nucleus
white matter in the peripheral system
white matter in the central nervous system
white matter crossing the midline
in the thalamus, obligatory stop on the visual system
nerve
white matter in the peripheral system
tract
white matter in the central nervous system
Neuroanatomy block 2
somatic motor system
alpha motor neuron
motor unit
motor neuron pool
the skeletal muscles and the parts of the nervous system that…
neuron that innervates the extrafusal fibers of skeletal muscle
one alpha motor neuron and all the skeletal muscle fibers it…
all the alpha motor neurons innervating the fibers of a singl…
somatic motor system
the skeletal muscles and the parts of the nervous system that…
alpha motor neuron
neuron that innervates the extrafusal fibers of skeletal muscle
Neuroanatomy block V
Pyramidal tract
Medial lemniscus
Medial longitudinal fasciculus (descen…
Medial longitudinal fasciculus (ascend…
Motor to limbs, CN IX, X, XII
Somatosensory from body (DCML)
Position of head
Position of eyes
Pyramidal tract
Motor to limbs, CN IX, X, XII
Medial lemniscus
Somatosensory from body (DCML)
Neuroanatomy Block 2
Parietal Lobule
Calcarine Sulcus
Cingulate and Marginal Sulcus
Lingual Gyrus
Parietal Lobule
Calcarine Sulcus
140 terms
Block 3 Neuroanatomy
cells of optic tract synapse in
optic radiation
primary visual cortex location
optic radiation lesion
lateral geniculate nucleus of thalamus
-tract of lateral geniculate nucleus neurons that projects to…
superior- contra inferior quadrantanopsia ... inferio- contra s…
cells of optic tract synapse in
lateral geniculate nucleus of thalamus
optic radiation
-tract of lateral geniculate nucleus neurons that projects to…
neuroanatomy Block 3
Name the chief a) excitatory b) inhibi…
Name the 2 main pathways from the glob…
name the chief pathway through which t…
name the primary neurotransmitter of c…
a) Glutamate... b) GABA
ansa lenticularis, fasciculus lenticularis (together: fascicu…
medial forebrain bundle
a) GABA... b) noradrenalin... c) dopamin... d) acetylcholine
Name the chief a) excitatory b) inhibi…
a) Glutamate... b) GABA
Name the 2 main pathways from the glob…
ansa lenticularis, fasciculus lenticularis (together: fascicu…
25 terms
Neuroanatomy - Block I
A patient presents with unilateral hea…
The Trochlear nerve leaves the midbrai…
Enlarged lateral ventricles in a 38 ye…
All of the following statements regard…
Pontomedullary junction
auditory
pituitary tumor obstructing the cerebral aqueduct ... early onse…
supplies the medial surface of the left hemisphere
A patient presents with unilateral hea…
Pontomedullary junction
The Trochlear nerve leaves the midbrai…
auditory
29 terms
BLOCK 5 Gross Neuroanatomy
what are the parts of the CNS?
what part of the brain is CN I related…
what part of the brain is CN II relate…
what cranial nerves are related to the…
Cerebrum:... -telencephalon... --cerebral cortex... --subcorital re…
cerebrum (mostly temporal lobe)
thalamus
CN III and CN IV
what are the parts of the CNS?
Cerebrum:... -telencephalon... --cerebral cortex... --subcorital re…
what part of the brain is CN I related…
cerebrum (mostly temporal lobe)
46 terms
Functional Neuroanatomy Block2
bony encasement of the CNS
bony encasement function
meninges function
layers of the meninges
skull and vertebrae
protection of CNS from external injury
provide a mechanical suspension system anchored to the bones…
pia mater, arachnoid, dura mater
bony encasement of the CNS
skull and vertebrae
bony encasement function
protection of CNS from external injury
27 terms
Neuroanatomy Block 3
Alpha motor neurons
Gamma motor neurons
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
Anterior Corticospinal tract
stimulate extrafusal or striated muscle fibers to generate fo…
innervate muscle spindles or intrafusal muscel fibers
neurodegenerative disease that slowly degenerates alpha motor…
Direct pathway that projects to axial and proximal muscles; r…
Alpha motor neurons
stimulate extrafusal or striated muscle fibers to generate fo…
Gamma motor neurons
innervate muscle spindles or intrafusal muscel fibers
66 terms
Neuroanatomy Block 1
32 paried nerves
Dorsal root
Ventral Root
Motor Cortex
8 cervical... 12 thoracic... 5 lumbar... 5 sacral... 2 coccygeal
carry afferent (sensory) fibers to the dorsolateral spinal cord
carry efferent (motor) fibers that exits the ventrolateral sp…
planning, initiating, and directing voluntary movements
32 paried nerves
8 cervical... 12 thoracic... 5 lumbar... 5 sacral... 2 coccygeal
Dorsal root
carry afferent (sensory) fibers to the dorsolateral spinal cord
14 terms
Block 5 Neuroanatomy
Locus Ceruleus
Substantia Nigra
Raphe of Reticular Formation
Basan Forebrain, Basal Ganglia
-synthesizes norepineprhine: attention and arousal... -melanin g…
-in midbrain tectum... -synthesizes dopamine: addiction, movemen…
- midline of brainstem... - synthesizes serotonin: general arous…
-produced in forebrain... -parasympathetic... -synthesizes acetylch…
Locus Ceruleus
-synthesizes norepineprhine: attention and arousal... -melanin g…
Substantia Nigra
-in midbrain tectum... -synthesizes dopamine: addiction, movemen…
181 terms
Neuroanatomy Block 3 questions
1-What is the motor unit?
2-What is an alpha motor neuron?
3-Can single muscle fibers be innervat…
4-If I work out really really hard usi…
the lower motor neuron and all of the muscle fibers it innerv…
the power guys they innervate extrafusal muscles
No--- only if you're an insect
No you're increasing the size of the muscle fibers you have..…
1-What is the motor unit?
the lower motor neuron and all of the muscle fibers it innerv…
2-What is an alpha motor neuron?
the power guys they innervate extrafusal muscles
55 terms
Neuroanatomy - Block 2
CN4 exits:
Facial Colliculus
CN3 runs through
Edinger-Westphal Nuclei
dorsally and decussates immediately... ex. right CN4 comes from…
it is located in the 4th ventricle. It is the bump in the 4th…
Red Nucleus to exit through the interpeduncular fossa, so dam…
is parasym fibers to the ciliary ganglion to sphincter pupill…
CN4 exits:
dorsally and decussates immediately... ex. right CN4 comes from…
Facial Colliculus
it is located in the 4th ventricle. It is the bump in the 4th…
Neuroanatomy minimals (Block 3)
26) Which of the following muscles wil…
29. What is the sympathetic and parasy…
27. Name the CN nuclei which developed…
28. Which interneurons inhibitors loca…
...:
...
...
...
26) Which of the following muscles wil…
...:
29. What is the sympathetic and parasy…
...
151 terms
Neuroanatomy block 2
List commissural fiber tracts of the t…
Name the associate fibre tracts of the…
List the parts of the mesencephalon.
List the parts that develop from the m…
corpus callosum ... hippocampal commissure... anterior commissure... CHA
uncinate fasciculus ... arcuate fiber... superior/inferior longitud…
tectum ... tegmentum... basis
cerebellum ... pons
List commissural fiber tracts of the t…
corpus callosum ... hippocampal commissure... anterior commissure... CHA
Name the associate fibre tracts of the…
uncinate fasciculus ... arcuate fiber... superior/inferior longitud…
neuroanatomy block 3 - rony
What is the adequate stimulus of: a) f…
Name the type of contact between nerve…
Name the ascending pathways that carry…
Name two nuclei (only full answers are…
a) pain, temperature and non-discriminative (crude) touch b)…
electrical synapse - given by gap junctions
a) Dorsal trigeminothalamic tract... b) Dorsal column medial lem…
Ventral posterolateral nucleus of thalamus (VPL)... Ventral post…
What is the adequate stimulus of: a) f…
a) pain, temperature and non-discriminative (crude) touch b)…
Name the type of contact between nerve…
electrical synapse - given by gap junctions
48 terms
Neuroanatomy Block 5
What brain regions make up the cerebrum?
What brain regions does telecephalon r…
What brain regions does diencephalon r…
List the brain regions in caudal to ro…
The telencephalon and Diencephalon
Cerebral cortex and Subcortical regions
Thalamus and Hypothalamus
Spinal cord, Medulla oblongata, Pons/Cerebellum, Midbrain, Hy…
What brain regions make up the cerebrum?
The telencephalon and Diencephalon
What brain regions does telecephalon r…
Cerebral cortex and Subcortical regions
neuroanatomy block 3 - rony
What is the adequate stimulus of: a) f…
Name the type of contact between nerve…
Name the ascending pathways that carry…
Name two nuclei (only full answers are…
a) pain, temperature and non-discriminative (crude) touch b)…
electrical synapse - given by gap junctions
a) Dorsal trigeminothalamic tract... b) Dorsal column medial lem…
Ventral posterolateral nucleus of thalamus (VPL)... Ventral post…
What is the adequate stimulus of: a) f…
a) pain, temperature and non-discriminative (crude) touch b)…
Name the type of contact between nerve…
electrical synapse - given by gap junctions
Block 3, Exam 1 Neuroanatomy
Lobes of the cerebrum
CNS
Gray matter
white matter
Frontal... Parietal ... Occipital... Temporal
Contains:... Brain... Spinal cord... -Gray matter... -White matter
nerve cell bodies and unmyelinated axons... In the "butterfly" o…
contains myelinated axons, support cells
Lobes of the cerebrum
Frontal... Parietal ... Occipital... Temporal
CNS
Contains:... Brain... Spinal cord... -Gray matter... -White matter
Block 3 Exam 2 Neuroanatomy
maechanoreceptive somatic senses
termoreceptive senses
pain sense
Pacini's corpuscles
both tactile and positional senses... stimulated by the mechanic…
senses of hot or cold
activated by any factor that damages the tissues
...
maechanoreceptive somatic senses
both tactile and positional senses... stimulated by the mechanic…
termoreceptive senses
senses of hot or cold
19 terms
MBB Block 3 Neuroanatomy of the telencephalon
Primary Motor Cortex
Frontal Eye field is where and what ar…
Lesions in the BROCA create what kind…
Primary somatosensory cortex (3,1,2) r…
-area 4... - damage to it causes contralateral UMN lesion ... -Prim…
- Area 8... -frontal gyrus... -deviation of eyes to the opposite si…
Motor
Thalamus
Primary Motor Cortex
-area 4... - damage to it causes contralateral UMN lesion ... -Prim…
Frontal Eye field is where and what ar…
- Area 8... -frontal gyrus... -deviation of eyes to the opposite si…
Neuroanatomy, Block 5, Year 1
What are the major parts of the CNS?
What is the meaning of rostral-caudal?
What is the meaning of superior-inferi…
Axis is _____ to rostral-caudal axis.
o Cerebrum (cerebral hemispheres)... - Telencephalon... • Cerebra…
head to toe
dorsal-ventral
perpendicular
What are the major parts of the CNS?
o Cerebrum (cerebral hemispheres)... - Telencephalon... • Cerebra…
What is the meaning of rostral-caudal?
head to toe
Neuroanatomy Block 3 Test Questions
1-What is the motor unit?
2-What is an alpha motor neuron?
3-Can single muscle fibers be innervat…
4-If I work out really really hard usi…
the lower motor neuron and all of the muscle fibers it innerv…
the "power guys" they innervate EXTRAFUSAL muscles
No--- only if you're an insect
No......you're increasing the size of the muscle fibers you h…
1-What is the motor unit?
the lower motor neuron and all of the muscle fibers it innerv…
2-What is an alpha motor neuron?
the "power guys" they innervate EXTRAFUSAL muscles
41 terms
Neuro block 5: "Gross Neuroanatomy 2017"
What two parts make up the diencephalon?
What part of the brain do the thalamus…
What part of the brain is CN1 found?
What part of the brain is CN2 found?
-Thalamus... -hypothalamus
Diencephalon
Cerebrum/temporal lobe
Thalamus
What two parts make up the diencephalon?
-Thalamus... -hypothalamus
What part of the brain do the thalamus…
Diencephalon
Neuroanatomy Block 3 questions FINAL LIST
1-What is the motor unit?
2-What is an alpha motor neuron?
3-Can single muscle fibers be innervat…
4-If I work out really really hard usi…
the lower motor neuron and all of the muscle fibers it innerv…
the power guys they innervate extrafusal muscles
No--- only if you're an insect
No you're increasing the size of the muscle fibers you have..…
1-What is the motor unit?
the lower motor neuron and all of the muscle fibers it innerv…
2-What is an alpha motor neuron?
the power guys they innervate extrafusal muscles
MBB Block 3 Neuroanatomy of the basal ganglia
Basal ganglia
Where is the corpus striatum located?
The corpus striatum is divided into wh…
The caudate nucleus extends where?
collection of gray matter inside white matter ... -initiates ske…
- Inside the caudate nucleus in the wall of teh lateral ventr…
-caudate and lentiform
-Into temporal lobe... -becomes continous w/ AMYGDYLOID nucleus
Basal ganglia
collection of gray matter inside white matter ... -initiates ske…
Where is the corpus striatum located?
- Inside the caudate nucleus in the wall of teh lateral ventr…
32 terms
Block 5 Neuro wk1 Intro/Gross Neuroanatomy
compression of the spinal cord
compression of the spinal roots
compression of the spinal nerves
pain with sensory and motor loss at th…
What is myelopathy?
What is rhizopathy or radiculopathy?
What is neuropathy?
What are manifestations of myelopathy?
compression of the spinal cord
What is myelopathy?
compression of the spinal roots
What is rhizopathy or radiculopathy?
11 terms
AUA med 1 mbb Neuroanatomy of diencephalon block 3 dr Rakesh
what are the 5 parts of the diencephal…
what are the different structures of t…
true or false... the diencephalon consist…
all sensation goes to area 3, 1,2 exce…
=>thalamus ---sensation... =>epithalamus---circadian rhythm--se…
Hippocampus--> fimbria & fornix-->mammylary bodies--> anterio…
true
olfactory which go to the limbic system.
what are the 5 parts of the diencephal…
=>thalamus ---sensation... =>epithalamus---circadian rhythm--se…
what are the different structures of t…
Hippocampus--> fimbria & fornix-->mammylary bodies--> anterio…
33 terms
aua med 1 neuroanatomy of the telencephalon MBB block 3 Dr rakesh
what are the 6 cortex of the neocortex…
what lobe is found beneath the lateral…
which lobe can only be seen in the med…
what are the function of each lobe
molecular... external granular... external pyramidal... internal granu…
insular lobe, seen in the lateral surface
the limbic lobe which is responsible for smell
frontal=>motor and social behavior... parietal=>sensation... occipi…
what are the 6 cortex of the neocortex…
molecular... external granular... external pyramidal... internal granu…
what lobe is found beneath the lateral…
insular lobe, seen in the lateral surface
49 terms
AUA med 1 mbb Neuroanatomy of brainstem block 3 dr Rakesh
what are the three parts of the brain…
the cerebellum is located dorsally to…
what are the 6 structures of the cereb…
in brainstems all the nerves present c…
midbrain=>associated with vision, hearing, motor control, sle…
cerebellum used a series of nerve bundles called peduncles to…
superior cerebellar peduncle=>primary output of the cerebellu…
4th cranial nerve that comes out posteriorly in the midbrain
what are the three parts of the brain…
midbrain=>associated with vision, hearing, motor control, sle…
the cerebellum is located dorsally to…
cerebellum used a series of nerve bundles called peduncles to…
18 terms
AUA med 1 mbb Neuroanatomy of basal ganglia block 3 dr Rakesh
what are the 4 structures that the bas…
what the subdivision of the corpus str…
what separate the caudate nucleus from…
what separate the thalamus from the le…
corpus striatum... subthalmus nucleus--avoid unwanted movement…
caudate and lentiform (lentiform divides into inner globus pa…
the anterior limb of the internal capsule
the posterior limb of the internal capsule
what are the 4 structures that the bas…
corpus striatum... subthalmus nucleus--avoid unwanted movement…
what the subdivision of the corpus str…
caudate and lentiform (lentiform divides into inner globus pa…
Neuroanatomy minimals (Block II - QUESTIONS ONLY) For answers look at Melissa's notes
45.Determine the term and physioloigca…
46.List the major factors that inhibit…
47.List the major factors playing a ro…
49.Define the term "Wallerian degenrat…
...
...
...
...
45.Determine the term and physioloigca…
...
46.List the major factors that inhibit…
...
Neuroanatomy
Anterior Commissure
Cerebellum
Cerebral Aqueduct
Cerebral Peduncle
Anterior Commissure
Cerebellum
182 terms
neuroanatomy
pretectum of midbrain... Superior collicu…
3rd ventricle
CN IV/trochlear nerve
cuneate tubercle of medulla... gracile tu…
pretectum of midbrain... Superior collicu…
3rd ventricle
110 terms
Neuroanatomy
gray matter
white matter
dorsal horn
ventral horn
a... cellular region
b... axon region
a... sensory/motor
b... sensory/motor
gray matter
a... cellular region
white matter
b... axon region
191 terms
Neuroanatomy
Cerebrum
Corpus Callosum
Hypophysis
Thalamus
Cerebrum
Corpus Callosum
40 terms
Neuroanatomy: Descending motor pathways
vestibulospinal tracts
vermis (cerebellum)
VCST (Ventral Corticospinal Tract)
VCST (Ipsilateral to lesion
vestibulospinal tracts
vermis (cerebellum)
82 terms
Neuroanatomy photo set
Cerebrum
Frontal Lobe
Parietal Lobe
Temporal Lobe
80% of Brain mass ... -paired (left and right hemispheres) ... -mad…
* Motor Functions... * Higher Order Functions... * Planning... * Reaso…
can be divided into two functional regions. One involves sens…
associated with hearing... - coordinate auditory and visual aspe…
Cerebrum
80% of Brain mass ... -paired (left and right hemispheres) ... -mad…
Frontal Lobe
* Motor Functions... * Higher Order Functions... * Planning... * Reaso…
56 terms
Neuroanatomy
olfactory bulbs
olfactory tracts
olfactory striae
piriform lobe
olfactory bulbs
olfactory tracts
199 terms
Neuroanatomy
white matter
central canal
gray matter
dorsal root
Label A is?
Label b is?
Label M is?
Label D is?
white matter
Label A is?
central canal
Label b is?
30 terms
Neuroanatomy - Cerebrum - Lateral - Quizlet
Angular Gyrus
Central Sulcus
Frontal Lobe
Inferior Frontal Gyrus
Angular Gyrus
Central Sulcus
Neuroanatomy Gyri/Sulci
Angular Gyrus
Central Sulcus
Frontal Lobe
Inferior Frontal Gyrus
Angular Gyrus
Central Sulcus
Neuroanatomy
rostral
caudal
lemniscus
funiculus
anterior... closer to the front
posterior... closer to the tail
ascending sensory channel... bundle of fibers headed to cortex
white column of spinal cord... bundle of white matter (axons)... ca…
rostral
anterior... closer to the front
caudal
posterior... closer to the tail
Neuroanatomy Test 1 Vocab
Broca's aphasia
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Central Sulcus
Cerebral cortex
A language disturbance in which a person can understand langu…
Brain and spinal cord
Sulcus in the cerebrum that divides the frontal and parietal…
Layer of gray matter that lies just under the surface of the…
Broca's aphasia
A language disturbance in which a person can understand langu…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Brain and spinal cord
306 terms
Neuroanatomy Exam 1
Nervous System
Somatic supplies
Autonomic Supplies
CNS function
Somatic or Autonomic (Totally Motor)
Skin and Skeletal Muscle
Smooth Muscle, glands (In glands its called the Myoepithelial…
Processing Center
Nervous System
Somatic or Autonomic (Totally Motor)
Somatic supplies
Skin and Skeletal Muscle
108 terms
Neuroanatomy Terms
what are the four directions of the br…
Planes of the brain
Unilateral
bilateral
1. Anterior (or rostal) - front half... 2. Posterior (or caudal)…
1. coronal - separates anterior from posterior... 2. Horizontal…
one sides
both sides
what are the four directions of the br…
1. Anterior (or rostal) - front half... 2. Posterior (or caudal)…
Planes of the brain
1. coronal - separates anterior from posterior... 2. Horizontal…
37 terms
Neuroanatomy Lab1 quiz from 2013 - brain
1 Postcentral Gyrus... 2 Middle Temporal…
3 Lumbar Enlargement... 4 Cauda Equina
5 Orbital Gyri... 6 Olfactory Bulb
7 Inferior Parietal Lobule... 8 Inferior…
1 Postcentral Gyrus... 2 Middle Temporal…
3 Lumbar Enlargement... 4 Cauda Equina
62 terms
PPT 1 Neuroanatomy
the information processing system that…
nervous system
what parts of the brain make up the ce…
what parts of the brain make up the pe…
nervous system
the information processing system that regulates all physiolo…
spinal cord, brainstem, diencephalon, cerebellum, and cerebra…
nerves that connect the CNS to the peripheral structures such…
the information processing system that…
nervous system
nervous system
the information processing system that regulates all physiolo…
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