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Study sets matching "neuroanatomy"

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Study sets matching "neuroanatomy"

Neuroanatomy
Anterior Commissure
Cerebellum
Cerebral Aqueduct
Cerebral Peduncle
Anterior Commissure
Cerebellum
97 terms
neuroanatomy
Postcentral Gyrus
Precentral Gyrus
Central Sulcus
Longitudinal Fissure
Name A
Name B
Name C
Name D
Postcentral Gyrus
Name A
Precentral Gyrus
Name B
182 terms
neuroanatomy
pretectum of midbrain... Superior collicu…
3rd ventricle
CN IV/trochlear nerve
cuneate tubercle of medulla... gracile tu…
pretectum of midbrain... Superior collicu…
3rd ventricle
60 terms
Neuroanatomy
What parts of the nervous system are i…
What parts of the nervous system are i…
What is the main function of the Auton…
What is the main function of the Somat…
This part of the nervous system includes the brain (cerebrum,…
The part of the nervous system which is located outside of th…
This part of the nervous system is involved with involuntary…
This part of the nervous system is involved in voluntary acti…
What parts of the nervous system are i…
This part of the nervous system includes the brain (cerebrum,…
What parts of the nervous system are i…
The part of the nervous system which is located outside of th…
110 terms
Neuroanatomy
gray matter
white matter
dorsal horn
ventral horn
a... cellular region
b... axon region
a... sensory/motor
b... sensory/motor
gray matter
a... cellular region
white matter
b... axon region
Neuroanatomy
Tract
Nerve
Nucleus
Ganglion
A bundle of axons traveling in the CNS
A bundle of axons traveling in the PNS
A cluster of neuron cell bodies in the CNS
A cluster of neuron cell bodies in the PNS
Tract
A bundle of axons traveling in the CNS
Nerve
A bundle of axons traveling in the PNS
191 terms
Neuroanatomy
Cerebrum
Corpus Callosum
Hypophysis
Thalamus
Cerebrum
Corpus Callosum
71 terms
Neuroanatomy
Sagittal Plane
Midsaggital Plane
Horizontal Plane
Cross/Transvere Plane
Across an Axis
Sagittal Plane
Midsaggital Plane
16 terms
Neuroanatomy
Frontal Lobe
Parietal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Frontal Lobe
Parietal Lobe
114 terms
Neuroanatomy
Crista galli (ACF)
Cribriform plate of ethmoid bone (ACF)
Optic canal (ACF)
Superior orbital fossa (MCF)
Attachment for falx cerebri
Olfactory nerve branches
Optic nerve (CNII)
CNIII, IV, VI, V1 ... Superior Ophthalmic Artery
Crista galli (ACF)
Attachment for falx cerebri
Cribriform plate of ethmoid bone (ACF)
Olfactory nerve branches
132 terms
Neuroanatomy
Parietal Lobule
Calcarine Sulcus
Cingulate and Marginal Sulcus
Lingual Gyrus
Parietal Lobule
Calcarine Sulcus
102 terms
neuroanatomy
types of glial cells (2)
what neural tube develops into
frontal lobe
parietal
ependymal produces CSF... oligodendrocytes produce myelin sheat…
anterior end of neural tube enlarges into:... forebrain - telenc…
motor... memory... thought
sensory temp pressure pain... language
types of glial cells (2)
ependymal produces CSF... oligodendrocytes produce myelin sheat…
what neural tube develops into
anterior end of neural tube enlarges into:... forebrain - telenc…
52 terms
Neuroanatomy
Definition of Neurology/ Neuroscience
Definition of Anatomy
Definition of Physiology
Definition of Pathology
Study of the anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the nervou…
Study of the structure (of the nervous system)
Study of the function (of the nervous system)
Study of disease processes that affect anatomy and physiology.
Definition of Neurology/ Neuroscience
Study of the anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the nervou…
Definition of Anatomy
Study of the structure (of the nervous system)
61 terms
Neuroanatomy
3rd ventricle
4th ventricle
anterior median fissure
arachnoid mater
#4
3rd ventricle
4th ventricle
161 terms
NEUROANATOMY
vertebra prominens C7, acromion, great…
scapular spine, ribs 6-12, iliac spine
iliac crest, sacrum, greater trochante…
anterior thigh, knee, leg, ankle, foot
Name structures 1-3
Name sites 1-3
Name sites 1-4
Name regions 2,4,6,8,10
vertebra prominens C7, acromion, great…
Name structures 1-3
scapular spine, ribs 6-12, iliac spine
Name sites 1-3
242 terms
Neuroanatomy
meninges
what fluid fills the ventricular space…
posterior horn of ventricle
anterior horn of ventricle
nonneural connective tissue that covers the brain for layers…
cerebrospinal fluid
number 1
meninges
nonneural connective tissue that covers the brain for layers…
what fluid fills the ventricular space…
cerebrospinal fluid
18 terms
Neuroanatomy
What does the CNS (Central Nervous Sys…
What does the PNS (Peripheral Nervous…
Types of neurons
What does frontal lobe control?
includes the spinal cord, brainstem, diencephalon, cerebellum…
nerves that connect the CNS with peripheral structures (e.g.…
Motor (Efferent) - carry info away from CNS... Sensory (Afferent…
Motor control ... Primary motor strip- motor speech issues assoc…
What does the CNS (Central Nervous Sys…
includes the spinal cord, brainstem, diencephalon, cerebellum…
What does the PNS (Peripheral Nervous…
nerves that connect the CNS with peripheral structures (e.g.…
191 terms
Neuroanatomy
Cerebrum
Corpus Callosum
Hypophysis
Thalamus
Cerebrum
Corpus Callosum
30 terms
Neuroanatomy
Dura Mater
Arachnoid Mater
Pia Mater
Subdural space
outermost, tough membrane
forms middle, has subdural spaces
has tiny blood vessels that cling to the brain like seran wrap
separates dura from the arachnoid mater
Dura Mater
outermost, tough membrane
Arachnoid Mater
forms middle, has subdural spaces
30 terms
Neuroanatomy
3rd ventricle
4th ventricle
anterior median fissure
arachnoid mater
3rd ventricle
4th ventricle
129 terms
Neuroanatomy
Lingual Gyrus
sulcus of the Corpus Callosum
Precuneus
Parieto-Occipital Sulcus
Lingual Gyrus
sulcus of the Corpus Callosum
20 terms
Neuroanatomy
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Somatic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Composed of Brain (cerebrum, cerebellum, brainstem) & spinal…
12 pairs of cranial nerves, 31 pairs spinal nerves, sensory r…
(PNS) Voluntary control. Sensory and motor nerves innervate m…
(PNS) Involuntary control. Sensory and motor nerves innervate…
Central Nervous System
Composed of Brain (cerebrum, cerebellum, brainstem) & spinal…
Peripheral Nervous System
12 pairs of cranial nerves, 31 pairs spinal nerves, sensory r…
58 terms
Neuroanatomy
3rd Ventricle
4th Ventricle
Lateral Ventricles
Anterior Median Fissure
After the 3rd ventricle, CSF flows through the cerebral aqued…
CSF goes from the 4th ventricle into either lateral apertures…
CSF is made in the choroid plexuses of the lateral ventricles…
3rd Ventricle
After the 3rd ventricle, CSF flows through the cerebral aqued…
4th Ventricle
CSF goes from the 4th ventricle into either lateral apertures…
82 terms
Neuroanatomy
Parietal Lobule
Calcarine Sulcus
Parieto-Occipital Sulcus
Cuneus
Parietal Lobule
Calcarine Sulcus
423 terms
Neuroanatomy
Paired maxillae (maxillary bones)
Paired nasal bones
Unpaired mandible
Supraorbital notch (foramen)
Form the upper jaw, medial-inferior margins of orbits, latera…
Form the bridge of the nose and the superior margins of the a…
Forms the lower jaw and chin
Located above the orbits in the frontal bone; transmits the s…
Paired maxillae (maxillary bones)
Form the upper jaw, medial-inferior margins of orbits, latera…
Paired nasal bones
Form the bridge of the nose and the superior margins of the a…
643 terms
Neuroanatomy
Approximately how many neurones does t…
Describe the basic neurone structure
What is the 'terminal bouton' of a neu…
What is the resting potential of neuro…
10^10
The presynaptic ending of an axon
-70mV ... (negative inside with respect to the outside)
Approximately how many neurones does t…
10^10
Describe the basic neurone structure
206 terms
neuroanatomy
neuron
dendrite
dendritic spine
axon
cell of NS
receives signals from cells
help send electrical signals
send signals away from cell
neuron
cell of NS
dendrite
receives signals from cells
25 terms
Neuroanatomy
arachnoid villi
choroid plexus
dura mater
falx cerebri
outside covering
#9
arachnoid villi
choroid plexus
58 terms
Neuroanatomy
Components of N.S.
Bilateral symmetry of brain
Corpus Callosum
Common features of CNS i
brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves
survival advantages: a centrally located nervous system is mo…
joins left and right hemispheres (~mirror images)
•Precursors of neurons evolved about 600 million years ago.... •…
Components of N.S.
brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves
Bilateral symmetry of brain
survival advantages: a centrally located nervous system is mo…
30 terms
Neuroanatomy
Frontal Lobe
Parietal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Frontal Lobe
Parietal Lobe
59 terms
neuroanatomy
Longitudinal Fissure
Olfactory bulb
Medulla
Pituitary Gland
Name D
Name A
Name C
Name H
Longitudinal Fissure
Name D
Olfactory bulb
Name A
23 terms
Neuroanatomy
anterior median fissure
arbor vitae
Brachial plexus
conus medullaris
anterior median fissure
arbor vitae
73 terms
Neuroanatomy
olfactory bulb
cerebrum
cerebellum
brainstem
1
2
3
4
olfactory bulb
1
cerebrum
2
42 terms
Neuroanatomy
Frontal lobe
Temporal lobe
Pariteal lobe
Occipital lobe
executive functioning... personality
Emotions... Memory circuits
Motor... sensory... speech (L)
vision... language formation... sensory
Frontal lobe
executive functioning... personality
Temporal lobe
Emotions... Memory circuits
29 terms
Neuroanatomy
Gyrus
Sulcus
Fissure
Olfactory Bulb
A convoluted ridge between anatomical grooves.
groove
the first brain structure to pick up smell information from t…
Gyrus
A convoluted ridge between anatomical grooves.
Sulcus
groove
134 terms
Neuroanatomy
Medulla
Major External Landmarks of Medulla
Pyramids
Olive
Pyramids & Pyramidal Decussation... Olive... Fasciculus Gracilis... Fa…
region of cells that contains corticospinal tract
produced by the inferior olivary nucleus which projects fiber…
Medulla
Major External Landmarks of Medulla
Pyramids & Pyramidal Decussation... Olive... Fasciculus Gracilis... Fa…
84 terms
Neuroanatomy
what forms from the prosencephalon?
what forms from the mesencephalon?
what forms from the rhombencephalon?
what primary and secondary brain struc…
Telecephalon = cerebrum... Diecephalon = thalamus + hypothalamu…
Midbrain component of the brainstem
Metencephalon:... 1. brain stem: pons... 2. cerebellum... Myelencepha…
Cerebrum arises from the Telencephalon, which arises from the…
what forms from the prosencephalon?
Telecephalon = cerebrum... Diecephalon = thalamus + hypothalamu…
what forms from the mesencephalon?
Midbrain component of the brainstem
62 terms
Neuroanatomy
Name the 5 parts of brain developement
Telencephalon
Diencephalon
Mesencephalon
Telencephalon... Diencephalon... Mesencephalon... Mesencephalon... Myelen…
-becomes the cerebrum... - gyrus and sulci here... - The various lo…
- becomes the Thalamus, Hypothalamus, etc. ... - hidden by cereb…
- "Midbrain"... - superior to the pons
Name the 5 parts of brain developement
Telencephalon... Diencephalon... Mesencephalon... Mesencephalon... Myelen…
Telencephalon
-becomes the cerebrum... - gyrus and sulci here... - The various lo…
Neuroanatomy
3rd ventricle
4th ventricle
anterior median fissure
arachnoid mater
3rd ventricle
4th ventricle
34 terms
Neuroanatomy
Axons are
How long does an electrical impulse tr…
Axons trasmissions are
What color is myelin? Why?
specialized dendrites ... long... uniform in diameter
0.5 ms
Unidirectional
White; because it is fatty
Axons are
specialized dendrites ... long... uniform in diameter
How long does an electrical impulse tr…
0.5 ms
50 terms
Neuroanatomy
The term rostral means
The term caudal means
When referring to the brain, dorsal me…
When referring to the brain, ventral m…
toward the nose
toward the tail
top of the brain
underside of the brain
The term rostral means
toward the nose
The term caudal means
toward the tail
86 terms
Neuroanatomy
Medulla
Cerebellum
Pons
Midbrain/mesencephalon
vital reflexes, vegetative functions (respiration, heart rate…
motor control, balance, timing, muscle memory
bridge from cerebellum to rest of brain, superior olive, vest…
tectum (dorsal side) contains IC and SC
Medulla
vital reflexes, vegetative functions (respiration, heart rate…
Cerebellum
motor control, balance, timing, muscle memory
5 terms
Neuroanatomy
3 pounds
Dura Maner
Arachnoid Mater
Pia Mater
Brains weight
Outer fibrous layer of Meninges
Middle layer of Meninges
Innermost layer of Meninges
3 pounds
Brains weight
Dura Maner
Outer fibrous layer of Meninges
33 terms
Neuroanatomy
Frontal lobe
Parietal lobe
Temporal lobe
Occipital lobe
- executive function (pre-frontal cortex)... - higher level cogn…
- sensation (touch)... - kinesthesia (body movement)... - perceptio…
- auditory processing... - olfactory... - semantics (word meaning)…
- vision... - primary visual area receives input from optic trac…
Frontal lobe
- executive function (pre-frontal cortex)... - higher level cogn…
Parietal lobe
- sensation (touch)... - kinesthesia (body movement)... - perceptio…
164 terms
Neuroanatomy
neuroglia
astrocytes
oligodendrocytes
ependyma
literally translates to "nerve glue"; four kinds in CNS are a…
appear as radiant starbursts; isolate neurons from environmen…
make myelin for many axons in CNS; akin to Schwann cells in PNS
epithelial cells that provide lining of nervous system on ins…
neuroglia
literally translates to "nerve glue"; four kinds in CNS are a…
astrocytes
appear as radiant starbursts; isolate neurons from environmen…
643 terms
Neuroanatomy
Approximately how many neurones does t…
Describe the basic neurone structure
What is the 'terminal bouton' of a neu…
What is the resting potential of neuro…
10^10
The presynaptic ending of an axon
-70mV ... (negative inside with respect to the outside)
Approximately how many neurones does t…
10^10
Describe the basic neurone structure
40 terms
Neuroanatomy
Anterior (Rostral)
Posterior (Caudal)
Dorsal
Ventral
Anterior (Rostral)
Posterior (Caudal)
43 terms
Neuroanatomy
cranial meninges
dura mater
arachnoid mater
pia mater
protect, support and enclose the brain
tough outer layer made of falx cerebelli and falx cerebri;
spider-web like; contains fibroblasts, collagen fibres, and s…
thinner than arachnoid, highly vascularized, gives brain shin…
cranial meninges
protect, support and enclose the brain
dura mater
tough outer layer made of falx cerebelli and falx cerebri;
12 terms
Neuroanatomy
Neurons
Neuron Doctrine
Neurons are made of these three parts
Neurons are categorized by
-These things COMMUNICATE to each other.... -About 86 billion ne…
By Santiago Ramon y Cajal. ... neurons exist as discrete entitie…
Dendrites= branches... Cell body/ perikaryon... Axon = trunk
Function (sensory, motor);... Location (cortical, spinal); NT... (c…
Neurons
-These things COMMUNICATE to each other.... -About 86 billion ne…
Neuron Doctrine
By Santiago Ramon y Cajal. ... neurons exist as discrete entitie…
Neuroanatomy
olfactory bulb
cerebrum
cerebellum
brainstem
1
2
3
4
olfactory bulb
1
cerebrum
2
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