Study sets matching "neuroanatomy"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "neuroanatomy"

97 terms
neuroanatomy
Postcentral Gyrus
Precentral Gyrus
Central Sulcus
Longitudinal Fissure
Name A
Name B
Name C
Name D
Postcentral Gyrus
Name A
Precentral Gyrus
Name B
Neuroanatomy
Anterior Commissure
Cerebellum
Cerebral Aqueduct
Cerebral Peduncle
Anterior Commissure
Cerebellum
60 terms
Neuroanatomy
What parts of the nervous system are i…
What parts of the nervous system are i…
What is the main function of the Auton…
What is the main function of the Somat…
This part of the nervous system includes the brain (cerebrum,…
The part of the nervous system which is located outside of th…
This part of the nervous system is involved with involuntary…
This part of the nervous system is involved in voluntary acti…
What parts of the nervous system are i…
This part of the nervous system includes the brain (cerebrum,…
What parts of the nervous system are i…
The part of the nervous system which is located outside of th…
Neuroanatomy
What forms the floor of the cranial ca…
Anterior cranial fossa
Middle cranial fossa
Posterior cranial fossa
-Anterior cranial fossa... -Middle cranial fossa... -Posterior cran…
Houses the frontal lobe
Houses the temporal lobe
Houses the cerebellum and brain stem
What forms the floor of the cranial ca…
-Anterior cranial fossa... -Middle cranial fossa... -Posterior cran…
Anterior cranial fossa
Houses the frontal lobe
182 terms
neuroanatomy
pretectum of midbrain... Superior collicu…
3rd ventricle
CN IV/trochlear nerve
cuneate tubercle of medulla... gracile tu…
pretectum of midbrain... Superior collicu…
3rd ventricle
110 terms
Neuroanatomy
gray matter
white matter
dorsal horn
ventral horn
a... cellular region
b... axon region
a... sensory/motor
b... sensory/motor
gray matter
a... cellular region
white matter
b... axon region
71 terms
Neuroanatomy
Sagittal Plane
Midsaggital Plane
Horizontal Plane
Cross/Transvere Plane
Across an Axis
Sagittal Plane
Midsaggital Plane
242 terms
Neuroanatomy
meninges
what fluid fills the ventricular space…
posterior horn of ventricle
anterior horn of ventricle
nonneural connective tissue that covers the brain for layers…
cerebrospinal fluid
number 1
meninges
nonneural connective tissue that covers the brain for layers…
what fluid fills the ventricular space…
cerebrospinal fluid
161 terms
NEUROANATOMY
vertebra prominens C7, acromion, great…
scapular spine, ribs 6-12, iliac spine
iliac crest, sacrum, greater trochante…
anterior thigh, knee, leg, ankle, foot
Name structures 1-3
Name sites 1-3
Name sites 1-4
Name regions 2,4,6,8,10
vertebra prominens C7, acromion, great…
Name structures 1-3
scapular spine, ribs 6-12, iliac spine
Name sites 1-3
423 terms
Neuroanatomy
Paired maxillae (maxillary bones)
Paired nasal bones
Unpaired mandible
Supraorbital notch (foramen)
Form the upper jaw, medial-inferior margins of orbits, latera…
Form the bridge of the nose and the superior margins of the a…
Forms the lower jaw and chin
Located above the orbits in the frontal bone; transmits the s…
Paired maxillae (maxillary bones)
Form the upper jaw, medial-inferior margins of orbits, latera…
Paired nasal bones
Form the bridge of the nose and the superior margins of the a…
Neuroanatomy
Dura Mater
Arachnoid Mater
Pia Mater
Subdural space
outermost, tough membrane
forms middle, has subdural spaces
has tiny blood vessels that cling to the brain like seran wrap
separates dura from the arachnoid mater
Dura Mater
outermost, tough membrane
Arachnoid Mater
forms middle, has subdural spaces
Neuroanatomy
3rd Ventricle
4th Ventricle
Lateral Ventricles
Anterior Median Fissure
After the 3rd ventricle, CSF flows through the cerebral aqued…
CSF goes from the 4th ventricle into either lateral apertures…
CSF is made in the choroid plexuses of the lateral ventricles…
3rd Ventricle
After the 3rd ventricle, CSF flows through the cerebral aqued…
4th Ventricle
CSF goes from the 4th ventricle into either lateral apertures…
18 terms
Neuroanatomy
What does the CNS (Central Nervous Sys…
What does the PNS (Peripheral Nervous…
Types of neurons
What does frontal lobe control?
includes the spinal cord, brainstem, diencephalon, cerebellum…
nerves that connect the CNS with peripheral structures (e.g.…
Motor (Efferent) - carry info away from CNS... Sensory (Afferent…
Motor control ... Primary motor strip- motor speech issues assoc…
What does the CNS (Central Nervous Sys…
includes the spinal cord, brainstem, diencephalon, cerebellum…
What does the PNS (Peripheral Nervous…
nerves that connect the CNS with peripheral structures (e.g.…
132 terms
Neuroanatomy
Parietal Lobule
Calcarine Sulcus
Cingulate and Marginal Sulcus
Lingual Gyrus
Parietal Lobule
Calcarine Sulcus
61 terms
Neuroanatomy
3rd ventricle
4th ventricle
anterior median fissure
arachnoid mater
#4
3rd ventricle
4th ventricle
Neuroanatomy
arachnoid villi
choroid plexus
dura mater
falx cerebri
outside covering
#9
arachnoid villi
choroid plexus
86 terms
Neuroanatomy
Medulla
Cerebellum
Pons
Midbrain/mesencephalon
vital reflexes, vegetative functions (respiration, heart rate…
motor control, balance, timing, muscle memory
bridge from cerebellum to rest of brain, superior olive, vest…
tectum (dorsal side) contains IC and SC
Medulla
vital reflexes, vegetative functions (respiration, heart rate…
Cerebellum
motor control, balance, timing, muscle memory
82 terms
Neuroanatomy
Parietal Lobule
Calcarine Sulcus
Parieto-Occipital Sulcus
Cuneus
Parietal Lobule
Calcarine Sulcus
29 terms
Neuroanatomy
Gyrus
Sulcus
Fissure
Olfactory Bulb
A convoluted ridge between anatomical grooves.
groove
the first brain structure to pick up smell information from t…
Gyrus
A convoluted ridge between anatomical grooves.
Sulcus
groove
neuroanatomy
neuron
dendrite
dendritic spine
axon
cell of NS
receives signals from cells
help send electrical signals
send signals away from cell
neuron
cell of NS
dendrite
receives signals from cells
50 terms
Neuroanatomy
The term rostral means
The term caudal means
When referring to the brain, dorsal me…
When referring to the brain, ventral m…
toward the nose
toward the tail
top of the brain
underside of the brain
The term rostral means
toward the nose
The term caudal means
toward the tail
42 terms
Neuroanatomy
Frontal lobe
Temporal lobe
Pariteal lobe
Occipital lobe
executive functioning... personality
Emotions... Memory circuits
Motor... sensory... speech (L)
vision... language formation... sensory
Frontal lobe
executive functioning... personality
Temporal lobe
Emotions... Memory circuits
Neuroanatomy
Components of N.S.
Bilateral symmetry of brain
Corpus Callosum
Common features of CNS i
brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves
survival advantages: a centrally located nervous system is mo…
joins left and right hemispheres (~mirror images)
•Precursors of neurons evolved about 600 million years ago.... •…
Components of N.S.
brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves
Bilateral symmetry of brain
survival advantages: a centrally located nervous system is mo…
neuroanatomy
Longitudinal Fissure
Olfactory bulb
Medulla
Pituitary Gland
Name D
Name A
Name C
Name H
Longitudinal Fissure
Name D
Olfactory bulb
Name A
73 terms
Neuroanatomy
olfactory bulb
cerebrum
cerebellum
brainstem
1
2
3
4
olfactory bulb
1
cerebrum
2
84 terms
Neuroanatomy
what forms from the prosencephalon?
what forms from the mesencephalon?
what forms from the rhombencephalon?
what primary and secondary brain struc…
Telecephalon = cerebrum... Diecephalon = thalamus + hypothalamu…
Midbrain component of the brainstem
Metencephalon:... 1. brain stem: pons... 2. cerebellum... Myelencepha…
Cerebrum arises from the Telencephalon, which arises from the…
what forms from the prosencephalon?
Telecephalon = cerebrum... Diecephalon = thalamus + hypothalamu…
what forms from the mesencephalon?
Midbrain component of the brainstem
62 terms
Neuroanatomy
Name the 5 parts of brain developement
Telencephalon
Diencephalon
Mesencephalon
Telencephalon... Diencephalon... Mesencephalon... Mesencephalon... Myelen…
-becomes the cerebrum... - gyrus and sulci here... - The various lo…
- becomes the Thalamus, Hypothalamus, etc. ... - hidden by cereb…
- "Midbrain"... - superior to the pons
Name the 5 parts of brain developement
Telencephalon... Diencephalon... Mesencephalon... Mesencephalon... Myelen…
Telencephalon
-becomes the cerebrum... - gyrus and sulci here... - The various lo…
134 terms
Neuroanatomy
Medulla
Major External Landmarks of Medulla
Pyramids
Olive
Pyramids & Pyramidal Decussation... Olive... Fasciculus Gracilis... Fa…
region of cells that contains corticospinal tract
produced by the inferior olivary nucleus which projects fiber…
Medulla
Major External Landmarks of Medulla
Pyramids & Pyramidal Decussation... Olive... Fasciculus Gracilis... Fa…
18 terms
Neuroanatomy
Brain parts
Gyri/Sulci
Frontal Lobe
Temporal Lobes
Executive, planning, moral (Primary motor cortex)
Long term memory, Knowledge, Language (Primary auditory cortex)
Brain parts
Gyri/Sulci
34 terms
Neuroanatomy
Axons are
How long does an electrical impulse tr…
Axons trasmissions are
What color is myelin? Why?
specialized dendrites ... long... uniform in diameter
0.5 ms
Unidirectional
White; because it is fatty
Axons are
specialized dendrites ... long... uniform in diameter
How long does an electrical impulse tr…
0.5 ms
Neuroanatomy
Definition of Neurology/ Neuroscience
Definition of Anatomy
Definition of Physiology
Definition of Pathology
Study of the anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the nervou…
Study of the structure (of the nervous system)
Study of the function (of the nervous system)
Study of disease processes that affect anatomy and physiology.
Definition of Neurology/ Neuroscience
Study of the anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the nervou…
Definition of Anatomy
Study of the structure (of the nervous system)
Neuroanatomy
Tract
Nerve
Nucleus
Ganglion
A bundle of axons traveling in the CNS
A bundle of axons traveling in the PNS
A cluster of neuron cell bodies in the CNS
A cluster of neuron cell bodies in the PNS
Tract
A bundle of axons traveling in the CNS
Nerve
A bundle of axons traveling in the PNS
114 terms
Neuroanatomy
Crista galli (ACF)
Cribriform plate of ethmoid bone (ACF)
Optic canal (ACF)
Superior orbital fossa (MCF)
Attachment for falx cerebri
Olfactory nerve branches
Optic nerve (CNII)
CNIII, IV, VI, V1 ... Superior Ophthalmic Artery
Crista galli (ACF)
Attachment for falx cerebri
Cribriform plate of ethmoid bone (ACF)
Olfactory nerve branches
23 terms
Neuroanatomy
Nervous system
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Somatic Nervous system
communication network consisting of nerve cells, both inside…
brain and spinal cord
somatic and autonomic (parasympathetic and sympathetic)
Interacts with external environment
Nervous system
communication network consisting of nerve cells, both inside…
Central Nervous System
brain and spinal cord
Neuroanatomy
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Detection
Analysis
Brain and spinal cord
Any other neural structure that is not in the central nervous…
Afferent/ input
Analysis
Central nervous system
Brain and spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system
Any other neural structure that is not in the central nervous…
61 terms
Neuroanatomy
glia
neurons--signaling methods
glial cells name & location (5)
astrocytes
-support cells (main function=support neurons)... -large portion…
-electrical-transmit through the length of its nerve fiber (a…
atrocytes (CNS)... microglia (CNS)... oligodentrocytes (CNS)... Schwan…
-star-shaped glial cells of CNS... -provide a supporting network…
glia
-support cells (main function=support neurons)... -large portion…
neurons--signaling methods
-electrical-transmit through the length of its nerve fiber (a…
643 terms
Neuroanatomy
Approximately how many neurones does t…
Describe the basic neurone structure
What is the 'terminal bouton' of a neu…
What is the resting potential of neuro…
10^10
The presynaptic ending of an axon
-70mV ... (negative inside with respect to the outside)
Approximately how many neurones does t…
10^10
Describe the basic neurone structure
12 terms
neuroanatomy
1
2
3
4
SVA... sensory
SSA ... SVA... sensory
GVE... GSE... motor
GSE... motor
1
SVA... sensory
2
SSA ... SVA... sensory
13 terms
Neuroanatomy
Peri
Para
Hypo
Pre
Around
Beside
Below
In front of
Peri
Around
Para
Beside
191 terms
Neuroanatomy
Cerebrum
Corpus Callosum
Hypophysis
Thalamus
Cerebrum
Corpus Callosum
118 terms
Neuroanatomy
central nervous system
31
8
12
brain and spinal cord
spinal nerves
cervical neves
thoracic nerves
central nervous system
brain and spinal cord
31
spinal nerves
neuroanatomy
types of glial cells (2)
what neural tube develops into
frontal lobe
parietal
ependymal produces CSF... oligodendrocytes produce myelin sheat…
anterior end of neural tube enlarges into:... forebrain - telenc…
motor... memory... thought
sensory temp pressure pain... language
types of glial cells (2)
ependymal produces CSF... oligodendrocytes produce myelin sheat…
what neural tube develops into
anterior end of neural tube enlarges into:... forebrain - telenc…
Neuroanatomy
Approximately how many neurones does t…
Describe the basic neurone structure
What is the 'terminal bouton' of a neu…
What is the resting potential of neuro…
10^10
The presynaptic ending of an axon
-70mV ... (negative inside with respect to the outside)
Approximately how many neurones does t…
10^10
Describe the basic neurone structure
Neuroanatomy
Cerebrum
Cerebellum
Basal ganglia
Somatic sensors
part of brain that controls voluntary actions
part of brain that coordinates movement
group of cells that serve as a checking mechanism and control…
sensors that sense pain and temperature
Cerebrum
part of brain that controls voluntary actions
Cerebellum
part of brain that coordinates movement
Neuroanatomy
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Somatic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Composed of Brain (cerebrum, cerebellum, brainstem) & spinal…
12 pairs of cranial nerves, 31 pairs spinal nerves, sensory r…
(PNS) Voluntary control. Sensory and motor nerves innervate m…
(PNS) Involuntary control. Sensory and motor nerves innervate…
Central Nervous System
Composed of Brain (cerebrum, cerebellum, brainstem) & spinal…
Peripheral Nervous System
12 pairs of cranial nerves, 31 pairs spinal nerves, sensory r…
191 terms
Neuroanatomy
Cerebrum
Corpus Callosum
Hypophysis
Thalamus
Cerebrum
Corpus Callosum
Neuroanatomy
Parts of the brain
Cerebrum
Diencephalon
Brain Stem
Cerebrum, diencephalon, brain stem, cerebellum
Largest part of the brain
Thalamus, Hypothalamus, Epithalamus & Subthalamus
MIdbrain, POnds, Medulla Oblongata
Parts of the brain
Cerebrum, diencephalon, brain stem, cerebellum
Cerebrum
Largest part of the brain
30 terms
Neuroanatomy
3rd ventricle
4th ventricle
anterior median fissure
arachnoid mater
3rd ventricle
4th ventricle
158 terms
Neuroanatomy
divisions of the nervous system
anatomical divisions of nervous system
central nervous system includes
the brain is made up of
anatomical and functional
CNS and PNS
brain, meningeal linings, cerebrospinal fluid, myelinated fib…
cerebrum, cerebellum, brainstem, subcortex
divisions of the nervous system
anatomical and functional
anatomical divisions of nervous system
CNS and PNS
Neuroanatomy
Primary functions of the nervous system
Function of sensory system
Function of Higher systems
Basal Ganglia
1. communication with external environment and internal envir…
Detection of stimuli (transduction), transmission of neural s…
Integration of neural signals, further processing of signals,…
Motor signals sent here
Primary functions of the nervous system
1. communication with external environment and internal envir…
Function of sensory system
Detection of stimuli (transduction), transmission of neural s…
1 of 10