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Study sets matching "neurobio"

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Study sets matching "neurobio"

25 terms
Neurobio
Frontal lobe
Parietal Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
Rostral (anterior) part of brain (in front of central sulcus)
Caudal (posterior) part of brain (behind central sulcus)
Lateral Parts of Brain
Most caudal part of brain (behind parietal lobe)
Frontal lobe
Rostral (anterior) part of brain (in front of central sulcus)
Parietal Lobe
Caudal (posterior) part of brain (behind central sulcus)
52 terms
neurobio
ratio of genes expressed in brain
amount of genes only found in brain
ratio of nerve to glial cells
Primary cells in Nervous system
14000/20,000
6000
1:3
Nerve cells and glial cells
ratio of genes expressed in brain
14000/20,000
amount of genes only found in brain
6000
22 terms
NEurobio
declarative memory
procedural memory
working memory
amnesia
Memory for facts and events; Everyday usage (explicit)
Memory for skills, habits, and behavior (implicit)
Temporary form of information storage that is limited in capa…
Loss of memory and/or the ability to learn
declarative memory
Memory for facts and events; Everyday usage (explicit)
procedural memory
Memory for skills, habits, and behavior (implicit)
neurobio
Which of the following differentiates…
Only EPSPs can act through spatial sum…
The synaptic vesicles containing acety…
Otto Loewi was credited for which of t…
The activation of NMDA receptors can cause widespread and las…
False.
False.
Showing that a soluble substance was released from the vagus…
Which of the following differentiates…
The activation of NMDA receptors can cause widespread and las…
Only EPSPs can act through spatial sum…
False.
274 terms
Neurobio
central nervous system (CNS)
sensory information vs. visceral infor…
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
somatic senses
division of the nervous system that includes the *brain and s…
sensory information = external environment... visceral informati…
division of the nervous system that contains *nerves that pro…
Sensations of touch, pressure, temperature, proprioception, a…
central nervous system (CNS)
division of the nervous system that includes the *brain and s…
sensory information vs. visceral infor…
sensory information = external environment... visceral informati…
52 terms
neurobio
ratio of genes expressed in brain
amount of genes only found in brain
ratio of nerve to glial cells
Primary cells in Nervous system
14000/20,000
6000
1:3
Nerve cells and glial cells
ratio of genes expressed in brain
14000/20,000
amount of genes only found in brain
6000
23 terms
neurobio
glia and functions
negative resting potential
summation
3 states of sodium channel
- astrocytes: nourish neurons, form BBB... - ependymal cells: li…
- -70mV... - due to negative proteins inside and relative super…
- PSPs ... - temporal (one firing over and over) or spatial (mul…
- open... - closed... - inactivated (at +35 mV peak)
glia and functions
- astrocytes: nourish neurons, form BBB... - ependymal cells: li…
negative resting potential
- -70mV... - due to negative proteins inside and relative super…
28 terms
Neurobio
Node of Ranvier
Astrocytes
Bipolar
Multipolar
Region where axonal membrane is exposed, ion transport
Most numerous glia in the brain, fill spaces between neurons,…
Two neurites
Multiple neurites
Node of Ranvier
Region where axonal membrane is exposed, ion transport
Astrocytes
Most numerous glia in the brain, fill spaces between neurons,…
61 terms
neurobio
Nissl Substance
axon hillock
lyosomes
cytoskeleton
combination of stacks of rough endoplasmic reticulum interpos…
region where materials either are committed to the axon or ar…
considered organelles of terminal degradation because of thei…
-determines shape of the cell... -anchors membrane constituents…
Nissl Substance
combination of stacks of rough endoplasmic reticulum interpos…
axon hillock
region where materials either are committed to the axon or ar…
27 terms
Neurobio
Forebrain
Midbrain
Hindbrain
Dilencephalon
Prosencephalon
Mesencephalon
Rhombencephalon
In the forebrain and is the space between the brain
Forebrain
Prosencephalon
Midbrain
Mesencephalon
Neurobio
Cell body
Dendrites
Axon
Knobs
contains nucleus
receives messages from other nerve cells which are then sent…
sends nerve impulses in only one direction - away from the ce…
pass the message on to the next neurone.
Cell body
contains nucleus
Dendrites
receives messages from other nerve cells which are then sent…
163 terms
neurobio
types of movements
reflexive movement
rhythmic movement
voluntary movement
reflexive... rhythmic... voluntary
involuntary coordinated patterns of muscle contraction and re…
repetitive motor patterns, spontaneous but with peripheral st…
initiated to accomplish a specific goal
types of movements
reflexive... rhythmic... voluntary
reflexive movement
involuntary coordinated patterns of muscle contraction and re…
15 terms
Neurobio
norepinephrine
dopamine
serotonin
glutamate
excites and inhibits
pleasure motivation movement aggression, target by antipsycho…
sleep-wakefulness, CNS arousal and modulation, target by anti…
upstream of dopamine, associated with schizophrenia
norepinephrine
excites and inhibits
dopamine
pleasure motivation movement aggression, target by antipsycho…
44 terms
Neurobio
ionotrophic
1) long term downstream effects, gene…
nACHr, GABA, AMPA/NMDA/Kainate
GABA/glycene
receptor in neuromuscular junction, fast acting
benefits/drawbacks of metabotrophic receptors
examples of ionotrophic receptors
two major inhibitory NT
ionotrophic
receptor in neuromuscular junction, fast acting
1) long term downstream effects, gene…
benefits/drawbacks of metabotrophic receptors
26 terms
neurobio
coronal (frontal)
sagittal
transverse (horizontal)
lamina
vertical plane dividing structure into anterior and posterior…
vertical plane divifing structure into right and let halves
divides into superior and inferior portions
i. Row or layer of cell bodies separated from another row or…
coronal (frontal)
vertical plane dividing structure into anterior and posterior…
sagittal
vertical plane divifing structure into right and let halves
49 terms
Neurobio
Seigel
Roeder
Lorenz
Frisch
Rat and Heroin study, situational specificity tolerance
Moths and their evasive strategies; A2 cells (30m) elicit avo…
Imprinting on Ducks
Bees and their dancing language
Seigel
Rat and Heroin study, situational specificity tolerance
Roeder
Moths and their evasive strategies; A2 cells (30m) elicit avo…
61 terms
Neurobio
fast adapting receptors
slow adapting receptors
AP firing ability- photoreceptors, bip…
axon bundle formed off the ganglion cell
detect rapidly changing signals
detect long, continuous signals
only ganglion cells
optic nerve so that the the ganglion cells can send informati…
fast adapting receptors
detect rapidly changing signals
slow adapting receptors
detect long, continuous signals
55 terms
Neurobio
Neuron
Dentrite
Axon
Myelin sheath
Nerve cell; basic building block of the nervous system
The bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
Extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fibers, t…
A layer of fatty tissue segmentally encasing the fibers of ma…
Neuron
Nerve cell; basic building block of the nervous system
Dentrite
The bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
12 terms
Neurobio
prefrontal cortex
lesions in executive function
hypothalamus
limbic system
executive function, higher cognition, working memory, persona…
emotional changes, personality changes, intellectual changes,…
engages in fight or flight response
important in regulation of emotion and memory
prefrontal cortex
executive function, higher cognition, working memory, persona…
lesions in executive function
emotional changes, personality changes, intellectual changes,…
174 terms
Neurobio
Ancient Greece
Roman Empire
Neuron
Cell theory
Brain is the seat of intelligence ... Heart was the center of in…
Cerebrum was soft and cerebellum was hard
The basic functional unit of the brain... Process information, s…
Cell is the individual functioning unit which was difficult b…
Ancient Greece
Brain is the seat of intelligence ... Heart was the center of in…
Roman Empire
Cerebrum was soft and cerebellum was hard
104 terms
Neurobio
megachiroptera
microchiroptera
spallanzani
griffin
bats with excellent vision that primarily feed on fruit
bats that primarily feed on insects. rely on echolocation ins…
researcher who first determined that bats use echolocation to…
researcher who used recent technology to record and analyze t…
megachiroptera
bats with excellent vision that primarily feed on fruit
microchiroptera
bats that primarily feed on insects. rely on echolocation ins…
34 terms
Neurobio
Soma
-70mv
Outside
Inside
Cell body is called
Resting potential voltage
Sodium is
Potassium is
Soma
Cell body is called
-70mv
Resting potential voltage
33 terms
neurobio
Homeostasis
Joseph Selve
acute stressor
Shy-Drager Syndrome
amount for any given measure in body-> automatic... body adju…
Rats dropped then developed peptic ulcers, thought of stress…
greater nutrient use, less log-term expensive building, less…
cant stand without rippling muscles, dizziness, drop in blood…
Homeostasis
amount for any given measure in body-> automatic... body adju…
Joseph Selve
Rats dropped then developed peptic ulcers, thought of stress…
neurobio
medulla
ventral pons
dorsal pons
midbrain
regulates blood pressure and respiration. relays for taste, h…
relay between cortex and cerebellum
respiration, taste, sleep
motor relays. auditory, visual, eye movement.
medulla
regulates blood pressure and respiration. relays for taste, h…
ventral pons
relay between cortex and cerebellum
13 terms
neurobio
1) Phosphatases add phosphate groups t…
1) There is only one axon per neuron.…
1) The main function of neurofilaments…
1) The main function of the Golgi comp…
4) Cytosolic proteins are synthesized by free ribosomes.... 2)…
1) There is only one axon per neuron.
2) Slow axonal transport involves largely cytoskeletal and cy…
3) Different types of neurons have different composition of m…
1) Phosphatases add phosphate groups t…
4) Cytosolic proteins are synthesized by free ribosomes.... 2)…
1) There is only one axon per neuron.…
1) There is only one axon per neuron.
NEUROBIO
Hippocrates believed that the brain is…
Difference between a nerve and a neuron
What experiments were done to figure o…
From a list of organisms with the # of…
-believed that the brain was a cooling mechanism for the bloo…
Nerve: transmit signals from the CNS to various muscles and g…
1.Paul Broca: studied patients that could understand language…
The organisms with a smaller number of neurons would be easie…
Hippocrates believed that the brain is…
-believed that the brain was a cooling mechanism for the bloo…
Difference between a nerve and a neuron
Nerve: transmit signals from the CNS to various muscles and g…
55 terms
Neurobio
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
Myelin sheath
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
Bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive messages…
The extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
A layer of fatty tissue encasing the fibers of many neurons;…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
Dendrite
Bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive messages…
20 terms
neurobio
width of electrical synapse
three factors that affect AP propagation
width of unmyelinated axon
speed of AP in an unmyelinated axon
3-4 nm (Very narrow)
myelination, axon diameter, and extracellular K+
1-2 micrometers
~2m/s
width of electrical synapse
3-4 nm (Very narrow)
three factors that affect AP propagation
myelination, axon diameter, and extracellular K+
20 terms
neurobio
What are the 5 broad classes of social…
What does it mean to say the neurobiol…
To what extent is GABA signaling alter…
Why/how are these alterations adaptive…
Aggression / dominance (agonistic)... Vocal communication... Courts…
Research is translational in that it is applicable to many di…
Tissue levels of GABA were elevated in the Lateral Septum and…
Glutamate and GABA are critical for modulating several behavi…
What are the 5 broad classes of social…
Aggression / dominance (agonistic)... Vocal communication... Courts…
What does it mean to say the neurobiol…
Research is translational in that it is applicable to many di…
29 terms
Neurobio scientists
Spallanzani
Griffin
Pierce
Suga
barn owls navigate in dim light , bats in no light
tested ultrasound (from Pierce) on bats
designed ultrasound instruments
mustached bats CF-FM calls
Spallanzani
barn owls navigate in dim light , bats in no light
Griffin
tested ultrasound (from Pierce) on bats
18 terms
Neurobio III
Chemische Synapsen
Chemische Synapsen, Vorgang
Ligandengesteuerte Ionenkanäle
NTM: Membran wird depolarisiert
Meisten Synapsen: chemische Synapsen. Präsynaptische Neuron s…
AP trifft ein → Depolarisation → Sp.g. Ionenkanäle öffnen sic…
Membran der posts. Zelle gegenüber dem synaptisches Endknöpfc…
NTM bindet an Kanal für K+ und Na+ = posts. Membran depolaris…
Chemische Synapsen
Meisten Synapsen: chemische Synapsen. Präsynaptische Neuron s…
Chemische Synapsen, Vorgang
AP trifft ein → Depolarisation → Sp.g. Ionenkanäle öffnen sic…
70 terms
Neurobio test 1
Merkel cell
Pacinian corpuscle
Eimer's organ
Duct gland
slowly adapting mechanoreceptor that's contacted by neurite a…
rapidly adapting mechanoreceptor nerve ending surrounded by s…
covers star on star nosed mole
...
Merkel cell
slowly adapting mechanoreceptor that's contacted by neurite a…
Pacinian corpuscle
rapidly adapting mechanoreceptor nerve ending surrounded by s…
75 terms
Neurobio final
Afferent
efferent
ganglia
nucleus
Towards cns
away from cns
in pns; cluster of cells with similar function
in cns; cluster of cells with similar function
Afferent
Towards cns
efferent
away from cns
737 terms
Neurobio Final
What are the 2 types of cells in the w…
What are glia?
What do neurons do?
Number of neurons as child vs neurons…
Glia... Neurons
Make environment for neurons
Process information and send it out in packets
More in child... Less in adult... Tryouts
What are the 2 types of cells in the w…
Glia... Neurons
What are glia?
Make environment for neurons
89 terms
Neurobio Exam 2
Gary and Audrey Revell
Schwenk
Eastern American Mole
Noam Sobel
worm grunters
studied forked tongues
animal w no eimer's organs, which is unusual for its species
studied that humans can follow a scent trail
Gary and Audrey Revell
worm grunters
Schwenk
studied forked tongues
165 terms
Neurobio Final
The brain has an orderly representatio…
Extrapersonal space is represented in…
T/F: much of mental processing is unco…
The major goal of cognitive neural sci…
Ex: cortex has a sensory map for each sensory modality... These…
posterior parietal association cortex
T
neural representations of mental processes
The brain has an orderly representatio…
Ex: cortex has a sensory map for each sensory modality... These…
Extrapersonal space is represented in…
posterior parietal association cortex
49 terms
Neurobio Exam 3 (final)
Humboldt
Faraday
Volta
passive electroreception
studied eels and caught them in the amazon by using wild horses
used eels to study electricity (wondered if eels can generate…
developed the 1st battery, inspired by electric fish (torpedo)
can be used to detect nearby living things via their heartbeat
Humboldt
studied eels and caught them in the amazon by using wild horses
Faraday
used eels to study electricity (wondered if eels can generate…
11 terms
Neurobio: Somatosensory
Pacinian Corpuscle
Meissner Corpuscle
Merkel's Disk
Ruffini Endings
Rapid/Large
Rapid/Small
Slow/Small
Slow/Large
Pacinian Corpuscle
Rapid/Large
Meissner Corpuscle
Rapid/Small
18 terms
Neurobio 3
Gyrus
Sulcus
Purpose of gyri and sulci
Right hemisphere
Brain folds
Brain grooves
Increase surface area of the neocortex to accommodate more ne…
Involved in spatial reasoning/parallel processing
Gyrus
Brain folds
Sulcus
Brain grooves
18 terms
Neurobio 1
Hippocrates
Aristotle
Galen
Versalius
Brain=seat of intelligence and sensation (founder of medicine)
Heart= seat of consciousness and brain cooled blood heated by…
Found ventricles filled with fluid (sheep).... -Cerebrum stores…
Anatomist- body and brain
Hippocrates
Brain=seat of intelligence and sensation (founder of medicine)
Aristotle
Heart= seat of consciousness and brain cooled blood heated by…
15 terms
Neurobio 2
Neurons
Glia
Microglia
Ependymal cells
Reside in grey matter in nuclei and ganglia
Residue in Grey and white matter ... -Oligodendrocytes (CNS)... -As…
Carry out immune function
Line ventricles
Neurons
Reside in grey matter in nuclei and ganglia
Glia
Residue in Grey and white matter ... -Oligodendrocytes (CNS)... -As…
24 terms
Neurobio Anatomy
bregma
lambda
olfactory bulb
corpus callosum
bregma
lambda
28 terms
Dev Neurobio
Gastrulation
Neural induction
Neural induction and neural crest indu…
Neurulation
Creates a three layered embryo
Neural plate develops from the ectoderm
Signals converge on the middle region of the ectoderm and ind…
Neural plate rolls up into a tube... Lumen filled with fluid
Gastrulation
Creates a three layered embryo
Neural induction
Neural plate develops from the ectoderm
60 terms
Neurobio III
Elektrische Synapsen
Elektrische Synapsen zwischen Riesenax…
Chemische Synapsen
Chemische Synapsen, Vorgang
Enthalten Gab Junctions. Durch diese kann der elektrische Str…
Erleichtern eine rache Flucht- bzw. Verfolgungsreaktion. Im W…
Meisten Synapsen: chemische Synapsen. Präsynaptische Neuron s…
AP trifft ein → Depolarisation → Sp.g. Ionenkanäle öffnen sic…
Elektrische Synapsen
Enthalten Gab Junctions. Durch diese kann der elektrische Str…
Elektrische Synapsen zwischen Riesenax…
Erleichtern eine rache Flucht- bzw. Verfolgungsreaktion. Im W…
24 terms
Neurobio IV
NTM: Acetylcholin
NTM: Biogene Amine: Noradrenalin
NTM: biogene Amine: Dopamin
NTM: biogene Amine: Serotonin
Erregend an neuromuskulären Endplatten von Wirbeltieren; ande…
Erregend oder hemmend. ZNS, PNS
Meist erregend; gelegentlich hemmend. ZNS, PNS
Meist erregend. ZNS
NTM: Acetylcholin
Erregend an neuromuskulären Endplatten von Wirbeltieren; ande…
NTM: Biogene Amine: Noradrenalin
Erregend oder hemmend. ZNS, PNS
102 terms
Neurobio Lectures
Receptor potential
Synaptic potential
Action potential
Resting potential
terminal of dendrite... ex. sensory neurons on finger
middle of dendrite
axon - neuron fires
sitting voltage of cell ~-58mV
Receptor potential
terminal of dendrite... ex. sensory neurons on finger
Synaptic potential
middle of dendrite
144 terms
Neurobio Psych
Neurons
1 billion
Santiago Ramon y Cajal
The Neuron Doctrine
Primary information processing units of the nervous system.
approximate number of neurons in the nervous system
Used microscopy to demonstrate that cells of nervous system w…
Santiago Ramon y Cajal came up with the ... that overturned t…
Neurons
Primary information processing units of the nervous system.
1 billion
approximate number of neurons in the nervous system
48 terms
Neurobio 3
Monkey (Goldman-Rakic) - what part of…
Monkey (Goldman-Rakic) where does it p…
What is the synapses role in the long-…
Short vs long-term changes in synapse…
1. principal sulcus... 2. lesions lead to failure to "hold" memo…
projects to hippocampus... Schizophrenia (impairment in scratchp…
Storage element of memory!
short-term: secondary messengers -> phosphatases, kinases ->…
Monkey (Goldman-Rakic) - what part of…
1. principal sulcus... 2. lesions lead to failure to "hold" memo…
Monkey (Goldman-Rakic) where does it p…
projects to hippocampus... Schizophrenia (impairment in scratchp…
32 terms
Neurobio I
Kegelschnecke
Kalmar
Kalmar Abbildung
3 Stadien der Informationsverarbeitung…
Jagt und tötet Fische. Giftinjektion → unterbricht neuronale…
Aktiver Räuber. Extrem grosse Nervenzellen. Dignale über Ries…
Kegelschnecke
Jagt und tötet Fische. Giftinjektion → unterbricht neuronale…
Kalmar
Aktiver Räuber. Extrem grosse Nervenzellen. Dignale über Ries…
38 terms
Neurobio II
Hyperpolarisation
Depolarisation
Intrazelluläre Ableitung, Arbeitstechnik
Erzeugung vom Aktionpotenzial (AP). Sp…
Nettodiffusion von K+ aus Neuron heraus. Innenseite wird nega…
Verringerung der Grosse des MP's. Häufig durch gesteuerte Nat…
Das MP kann von Neuronen und anderen Zellen kann gemessen wer…
Öffnen/schliessen sich Infolge Veränderung des MP's. Depolari…
Hyperpolarisation
Nettodiffusion von K+ aus Neuron heraus. Innenseite wird nega…
Depolarisation
Verringerung der Grosse des MP's. Häufig durch gesteuerte Nat…
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