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Study sets matching "neurological disorders"

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Study sets matching "neurological disorders"

15 terms
Neurological disorders
Traumatic brain injury
brain tumors
epilepsy
Parkinson's disease
Occurs when an external force traumatically injures the brain.
Occurs when abnormal cells form within the brain.
A brain disorder in which a person has repeated seizures (con…
A type of movement disorder.
Traumatic brain injury
Occurs when an external force traumatically injures the brain.
brain tumors
Occurs when abnormal cells form within the brain.
199 terms
neurological disorders
autonomic dysreflexia (hyperreflexia)
dorsiflexion
brudzinkski's sign
deceberate (extensor) posturing
syndrome characterized by paroxysmal hypertension, bradycardi…
babinski's signs is ____ of the big toe with extension; elici…
involuntary flexion of the hip and knee when the neck is pass…
stiff extension of one or both arms and possibly the legs; in…
autonomic dysreflexia (hyperreflexia)
syndrome characterized by paroxysmal hypertension, bradycardi…
dorsiflexion
babinski's signs is ____ of the big toe with extension; elici…
58 terms
Neurological disorders
Number of procedures used to diagnose…
Neurological disorders
Brain imaging techniques divided into…
Structural brain imaging techniques
-lab tests (e.g. blood, urine)... -cerebrospinal fluid analysis…
Disorders of nervous system and include: ... -Stroke... -Traumatic…
1) Structural techniques... 2) Functional techniques
-Useful for identifying blood clots, tumors,strokes, degenera…
Number of procedures used to diagnose…
-lab tests (e.g. blood, urine)... -cerebrospinal fluid analysis…
Neurological disorders
Disorders of nervous system and include: ... -Stroke... -Traumatic…
35 terms
Neurological Disorders
Myasthenia Gravis
Myasthenic Crisis
Cholinergic Crisis
Tensilon Test
Neuromuscular disease characterized by considerable weakness…
Acute exacerbation of Myasthenia Gravis. Caused by rapid, unr…
Associated with Myasthenia Gravis. Results in depolarization…
Performed my neurologist to dx Myasthenia Gravis/differentiat…
Myasthenia Gravis
Neuromuscular disease characterized by considerable weakness…
Myasthenic Crisis
Acute exacerbation of Myasthenia Gravis. Caused by rapid, unr…
89 terms
Neurological Disorders
Meningitis
Meningitis, etiology
Meningitis, symptoms
Obtund
Inflammation/infection of the __ (mostly pia and arachnoid la…
Viral, bacterial or fungal infection of the __. Viral is more…
Increasing temperature (fever); severe headache; photophobia…
Depressed level of consciousness, responsive but dulled... respo…
Meningitis
Inflammation/infection of the __ (mostly pia and arachnoid la…
Meningitis, etiology
Viral, bacterial or fungal infection of the __. Viral is more…
66 terms
Neurological Disorders
Amyotrophy
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Early Stages of ALS
half of motor neurons affected
without muscle nutrition or progressive muscle wasting/atrophy
Muscle atrophy results from motor neuron degeneration and scl…
surviving motor neurons sprout new branches to reinnervate af…
when reinnervation in early stages of ALS fails and weakness…
Amyotrophy
without muscle nutrition or progressive muscle wasting/atrophy
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Muscle atrophy results from motor neuron degeneration and scl…
48 terms
neurological disorders
tumor
benign tumor
malignant tumor
metastasis
uncontrollable growth of cells that serves no useful function
distint border between the tumor cells and the surrounding ti…
cancerous, tumor infiltrates the surrounding tissue
tumor cells travel through vascular system and grow elsewhere…
tumor
uncontrollable growth of cells that serves no useful function
benign tumor
distint border between the tumor cells and the surrounding ti…
43 terms
Neurological Disorders
Functions of Nervous System
Components of Nervous System
Basic unit of Nervous System
Support Cells
Integrates and coordinates all body activities... Helps maintain…
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System
Neuron
Glial Cells
Functions of Nervous System
Integrates and coordinates all body activities... Helps maintain…
Components of Nervous System
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System
77 terms
Neurological Disorders
ADHD
what is ADHD?
diagnosing ADHD
What other disorders might the child w…
1. besides asthma and ear infections, it is one of the most p…
Developmentally inappropriate degree of inattentiveness, impu…
The child must display the behavior in at least 2 settings be…
conduct and mood disorders... anxiety... cognitive and interpersona…
ADHD
1. besides asthma and ear infections, it is one of the most p…
what is ADHD?
Developmentally inappropriate degree of inattentiveness, impu…
20 terms
Neurological Disorders
reticular activating system
vegetative state
coma
locked-in syndrome
Located in the upper brain stem; responsible for maintenance…
Wakefulness without awareness
state of unconsciousness and a level of unresponsiveness to a…
_______ refers to a condition in which an individual with bra…
reticular activating system
Located in the upper brain stem; responsible for maintenance…
vegetative state
Wakefulness without awareness
6 terms
Neurological Disorders
Multiple Sclerosis
Alzheimer's disease
Epilepsy
Parkinson's disease
progressive destruction of the myelin sheaths of neurons in t…
a loss of neurons that make acetylcholine, a key neurotransmi…
initiated by abnormal electrical discharges from neurons in t…
related to the loss of dopamine secreting cells in the substa…
Multiple Sclerosis
progressive destruction of the myelin sheaths of neurons in t…
Alzheimer's disease
a loss of neurons that make acetylcholine, a key neurotransmi…
21 terms
neurological disorders
Abulia
Bell's palsy
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT)
Dravet syndrome
Lack of will or initiative and can be seen as a disorder of d…
Bell's palsy is a type of facial paralysis that results in an…
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is one of the hereditary mo…
Dravet syndrome, also known as severe myoclonic epilepsy of i…
Abulia
Lack of will or initiative and can be seen as a disorder of d…
Bell's palsy
Bell's palsy is a type of facial paralysis that results in an…
21 terms
Neurological Disorders
Dementia
Etiology of dementia
Treatment of Dementia
Alzheimers Disease (AD)
progressive failure of multiple cerebral functions that lead…
-Compression: Trauma & Tumors... _vascular disorders... -Infection…
-Treat underlying cause... -Infections... -Nutritional Issues... Main…
Progressive memory loss (insidious) ... Impaired thinking, disor…
Dementia
progressive failure of multiple cerebral functions that lead…
Etiology of dementia
-Compression: Trauma & Tumors... _vascular disorders... -Infection…
41 terms
Neurological Disorders
Aphasia
What is the most common cause of aphas…
Wernicke's (Sensory) Aphasia
Broca's (Production) Aphasia
Disturbance in the comprehension or production of language.
85% are due to strokes. Other causes include tumors, brain di…
Inability to comprehend speech produced by other people or on…
Speech production deficits, abnormal prosody, impaired syntac…
Aphasia
Disturbance in the comprehension or production of language.
What is the most common cause of aphas…
85% are due to strokes. Other causes include tumors, brain di…
74 terms
Neurological Disorders
Gullian Barre Sydrome
Alcoholic Neuropathy
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Bells Palsy
Patient presents with weakness and paresthesias (SYMMETRIC &…
Patient with Gradually Progressive, numbness, paresthesia, bu…
Patient with Pain or paresthesia (numbness and tingling) of m…
Patient with Sudden Onset. Ear Pain (ipsilateral hyperacusis)…
Gullian Barre Sydrome
Patient presents with weakness and paresthesias (SYMMETRIC &…
Alcoholic Neuropathy
Patient with Gradually Progressive, numbness, paresthesia, bu…
78 terms
Neurological Disorders
Right and Left Hemipshere
Dominate Hemisphere
Broca Area
Wernicke Area
These are Similar in Structure but not in Function
The hemisphere that controls language,
Area of Motor or Expressive speech
Integreation center, comprehends language recieved
Right and Left Hemipshere
These are Similar in Structure but not in Function
Dominate Hemisphere
The hemisphere that controls language,
22 terms
Neurological Disorders
Hydrocephalus
CSF
Hydrocephalus Manifestations
External Ventricular Drain-EVD
-accumulation of CSF in the brain... -flow is blocked after exit…
-secreted by choroid plexus... -circulates through ventricles, a…
-infant: abnormal head growth, bulging fontanel, irritable, h…
-drain placed in lateral ventricles to remove CSF... -closed, st…
Hydrocephalus
-accumulation of CSF in the brain... -flow is blocked after exit…
CSF
-secreted by choroid plexus... -circulates through ventricles, a…
57 terms
Neurological Disorders
Headaches
Headache
Two types of headache
Primary headache
Most common head pain. Most often does not indicate a serious…
This is a symptom, not a disease.
Migraine and cluster
Has no organic cause. (Tumor or cranial pressure)
Headaches
Most common head pain. Most often does not indicate a serious…
Headache
This is a symptom, not a disease.
54 terms
Neurological Disorders
ALS (Ameiotrophic lateral sclerosis)
ALS for OT
CVA (Cardio Vascular Accident) and
CIMT and weight bear
disease that destroy somatic motor neuron... no known cause ... exc…
educate family (all stages)... EARLY STAGE: ROM strengthening an…
blood flow to a certain area is blocked/stopped
OT strategies for CVA... common constraint induced movement ther…
ALS (Ameiotrophic lateral sclerosis)
disease that destroy somatic motor neuron... no known cause ... exc…
ALS for OT
educate family (all stages)... EARLY STAGE: ROM strengthening an…
49 terms
Neurological Disorders
Neurological disorders Causes
Most important for neurologic evaluation
CNS
Anasmia
Nutrition excess/deficiencies... Secondary to disease... Vitamin de…
Medical and health history
Involves muscle, nerve, spinal cord, brain
Abcense of smell
Neurological disorders Causes
Nutrition excess/deficiencies... Secondary to disease... Vitamin de…
Most important for neurologic evaluation
Medical and health history
15 terms
Neurological Disorders
Alzheimer's Disease
Cerebral Palsy
Concussion
Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease
Progressive disorder that destroys memory and other important…
A disorder of the movement, muscle tone, and/or posture that…
A traumatic brain injury caused by a hit to the head or viole…
Human form of Mad Cow Disease; a rapidly progressive degenera…
Alzheimer's Disease
Progressive disorder that destroys memory and other important…
Cerebral Palsy
A disorder of the movement, muscle tone, and/or posture that…
239 terms
Neurological Disorders
Structure and function of neurons
What electrolytes are important for ne…
What is able to cross the blood brain…
What is unable to cross the blood brai…
- GABA... - Acetylcholine... - Serotonin... - Dopamine... - NE... - E
- Potassium (muscular issues if low)... - Sodium
- glucose... - some amino acids... - gases... - H20
- urea... - creatinine... - proteins... - some toxins... - most abxs... bas…
Structure and function of neurons
- GABA... - Acetylcholine... - Serotonin... - Dopamine... - NE... - E
What electrolytes are important for ne…
- Potassium (muscular issues if low)... - Sodium
196 terms
Neurological Disorders
What two divisions of the nervous syst…
The Central nervous system involves wh…
The peripheral nervous system is invol…
The PNS sort of acts as a ____________…
Central and Peripheral
Brain and Spinal Cord
Everything else except brain and spinal cord, like the limbs…
Communicator (or carrier)
What two divisions of the nervous syst…
Central and Peripheral
The Central nervous system involves wh…
Brain and Spinal Cord
105 terms
Neurological Disorders
What does ABCDEF stand for and what ar…
What is included in the LOC continuum?
What is the max score for GCS?
What is decorticate movement?
Airway: consider inserting airway. C-spine precautions. ... Brea…
Personality change, Anxious... Confused/Disoriented... Delirium (mo…
15 (best, opens eyes spontaneously, orientated, obeys commands)
decortication( flexion of arms, wrists, fingers with adductio…
What does ABCDEF stand for and what ar…
Airway: consider inserting airway. C-spine precautions. ... Brea…
What is included in the LOC continuum?
Personality change, Anxious... Confused/Disoriented... Delirium (mo…
9 terms
Neurological Disorders
_____ is a reflex that often indicates…
Brudzinski sign
Which is more serious, decerebrate or…
A common manifestation of Reye syndrom…
Posturing
decerebrate
hypoglycemia
_____ is a reflex that often indicates…
Posturing
Brudzinski sign
106 terms
Neurological Disorders
Increased Intracranial pressure (ICP)
ICP can affect?
effects of normal aging on nervous sys…
prevention of neurological problems
increase in any content of the cranium; can be caused by trau…
circulation to the brain, absorption of CSF, functioning of n…
loss of brain weight, neurons, reduction in cerebral flow, de…
avoid drug and alcohol use, safe use of motor vehicles/swimmi…
Increased Intracranial pressure (ICP)
increase in any content of the cranium; can be caused by trau…
ICP can affect?
circulation to the brain, absorption of CSF, functioning of n…
16 terms
Neurological Disorders
Alzheimer's Disease
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
Asperger's Syndrome
Bell's Palsy
-cognitive degeneration... -personality change... -increases with age
-muscle wasting disease... -2-5 year life expectancy... -can slow p…
-impaired social skills... -obsessive behavior ... -mild form of au…
-temporary facial paralysis... -nerve damage from viral infection
Alzheimer's Disease
-cognitive degeneration... -personality change... -increases with age
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
-muscle wasting disease... -2-5 year life expectancy... -can slow p…
84 terms
Neurological Disorders
dilantin
Increased Intracranial Pressure (IICP)…
Assessment of IIP (7)
Level of responsiveness IIP
an anticonvulsant drug (trade name Dilantin) used to treat ep…
- refers to the pressure of the subarachnoidal fluid that is…
1. level of responsiveness ... 2. change in behavior (early sign…
AKA level of wakefulness, comatosed
dilantin
an anticonvulsant drug (trade name Dilantin) used to treat ep…
Increased Intracranial Pressure (IICP)…
- refers to the pressure of the subarachnoidal fluid that is…
78 terms
Neurological Disorders
Tardy Ulnar Palsy
Myasthenia Gravis
Alcoholism
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
compression - ulnar nerve
motor end plate
toxic
compression - median nerve
Tardy Ulnar Palsy
compression - ulnar nerve
Myasthenia Gravis
motor end plate
42 terms
Neurological Disorders
Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria me…
the immune response
TNF-alpha and IL-1
*increased intracranial pressure and e…
Which pathogens cause meningitis?
What causes the symptoms of meningitis?
Which cytokines/chemokines contribute to the symptoms of meni…
What symptoms are observed in meningitis (especially bacteria…
Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria me…
Which pathogens cause meningitis?
the immune response
What causes the symptoms of meningitis?
29 terms
Neurological Disorders
Depression
Underlying causes of depression
Alzheimer Disease
Parkinson Disease
A mental disorder characterized by sadness, hopelessness, pes…
Biogenic amine theory: deficiency of neurotransmitters in the…
Decreased activity of choline acetyl transferase (responsible…
Chronic, progressive, debilitating neurologic disease of the…
Depression
A mental disorder characterized by sadness, hopelessness, pes…
Underlying causes of depression
Biogenic amine theory: deficiency of neurotransmitters in the…
23 terms
Neurological Disorders
tumors
benign
malignant
compression
mass of uncontrolled growth of cells that serves no useful fu…
noncancerous tumor, has a distinct border
cancerous, lacks distinct border, may metastasize
directly destroy tissue, block flow of cerebrospinal fluid (b…
tumors
mass of uncontrolled growth of cells that serves no useful fu…
benign
noncancerous tumor, has a distinct border
146 terms
Neurological Disorders
How many cranial nerves do we have
What cranial nerves are typically invo…
CN V
CN VII
12
CN V, VII, VII
Trigeminal nerve, ophthalmic, maxillary, and mandibular
Facial nerve, facial movement and expressions
How many cranial nerves do we have
12
What cranial nerves are typically invo…
CN V, VII, VII
46 terms
neurological disorders
cerebrovascular accident (CVA)
ischemic stroke
hemorrhagic stroke
Warning Signs of Stroke
also know as stroke, results in anoxia and damage or death of…
caused by a blockage of a blood vessel supplying the brain, i…
result from the rupturing of an artery, causing blood to leak…
-sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or leg, especi…
cerebrovascular accident (CVA)
also know as stroke, results in anoxia and damage or death of…
ischemic stroke
caused by a blockage of a blood vessel supplying the brain, i…
62 terms
neurological disorders
meningitis
symptoms of meningitis
severs forms of meningitis may lead to
is meningitis bacterial or viral
inflammation of the lining of the brain
headache, fever and stiff neck
paralysis coma and death
it can be both
meningitis
inflammation of the lining of the brain
symptoms of meningitis
headache, fever and stiff neck
17 terms
Neurological Disorders
Infarct
Haemorrhage
Ischemic
Haemorrhagic
A blood clot
A burst blood vessel
Type of stroke caused by a narrowing or blockage of the blood…
Type of stroke caused by a burst blood vessel
Infarct
A blood clot
Haemorrhage
A burst blood vessel
45 terms
Neurological Disorders
ALS is a degen dz that involves...
ALS s/s:
ALS treatments:
Bell's Palsy affects...
-upper and lower motor neurons... -CN
-muscle weakness is progressive and can affect muscles of res…
-maintain respiratory function and activity levels... -PROM exer…
-inflammatory response affecting the facial nerve (CN VII)... -r…
ALS is a degen dz that involves...
-upper and lower motor neurons... -CN
ALS s/s:
-muscle weakness is progressive and can affect muscles of res…
90 terms
Neurological Disorders
Aphasia- describe, causes 4x?
Apraxia of speech... - define, site of le…
AOS assessment... Describe the process
Wernicke's Aphasia: ... fluent/non-fluent…
acquired communication disorder caused by brain damage charac…
- motor PLANNING disorder ... -Unable to plan motor sequences fo…
- repetitive production (pupupu, kukuku, & words)... - repetitio…
- fluent... - LF superior temporal gyrus, Auditory ASSOc cortex…
Aphasia- describe, causes 4x?
acquired communication disorder caused by brain damage charac…
Apraxia of speech... - define, site of le…
- motor PLANNING disorder ... -Unable to plan motor sequences fo…
6 terms
neurological disorders
huntigton disease
transient ischemic attack
cerebral aneurysm
migrain headache
an inherited degenitive disorder effects motor skills. mental…
a brief episode of impaired functioning caused by a reduction…
a localized weakness in a blood vessel wall that bulges outwa…
migraine headaches are sever and recurrant headaches they are…
huntigton disease
an inherited degenitive disorder effects motor skills. mental…
transient ischemic attack
a brief episode of impaired functioning caused by a reduction…
46 terms
Neurological Disorders
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Geh…
amyotrophy
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
ALS
Neurologically degenerative, rapidly progressive and fatal... W…
without muscle nutrition or progressive muscle wasting/atrophy
During early stages surviving motor neurons sprout new branch…
Most common motor neuron disease in the US... 90-95% of cases o…
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Geh…
Neurologically degenerative, rapidly progressive and fatal... W…
amyotrophy
without muscle nutrition or progressive muscle wasting/atrophy
77 terms
Neurological Disorders
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
ALS muscle atropy
Initial ALS progression
When is weakness evidenced in ALS?
neurologically degenerative, rapidly progressive and fatal di…
results from motor neuron degeneration
have weakness then progress to flaccid and/or spastic paralysis
when 1/2 motor neurons are affected
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
neurologically degenerative, rapidly progressive and fatal di…
ALS muscle atropy
results from motor neuron degeneration
82 terms
Neurological Disorders
Dysphasia
expressive
expressive
Expressive
_______ is an impairment in the comprehension of or the produ…
In ______ dysphasia the person is unable to find the words to…
With _____ dysphasia, they can follow commands. They can unde…
______ dysphasia affects the Broca's area of the frontal lobe.
Dysphasia
_______ is an impairment in the comprehension of or the produ…
expressive
In ______ dysphasia the person is unable to find the words to…
77 terms
Neurological Disorders
Primitive Reflexes
Who 1st described primitive reflex?
Nuerodevelopmental therapy (NDT)
Reflexes of Bobath
Postural Reactions, abnormal postural -Presence indicates CNS…
Berta Bobath
Inhibition of tone... - control... - proximal control ... - use of ro…
1. Supporting reactions ... 2. Tonic Neck & Labyrinthine reacti…
Primitive Reflexes
Postural Reactions, abnormal postural -Presence indicates CNS…
Who 1st described primitive reflex?
Berta Bobath
Neurology Disorders
involuntary jerking of a muscle or gro…
loss of cognitive ability
Alpers disease:
Treacher Collins syndrome:
Myoclonus
Dementia
Gray matter gradually reduces. Seen in kids 3 months to 5 yea…
Affects bone and tissue development in the face. Underdevelop…
involuntary jerking of a muscle or gro…
Myoclonus
loss of cognitive ability
Dementia
50 terms
Neurological Disorders
What type of headache is more common i…
A 63-year-old man develops transient e…
A 27-year-old woman has temporal lobe…
A teenage girl has a long history of d…
Answer: B... Explanation: Cluster headaches affect men more oft…
Answer: D... Explanation: The episodic nature of the patient's…
Answer: B... Explanation: The most common type of seizure arisi…
Answer: D... Explanation: Absence seizures, formerly called pet…
What type of headache is more common i…
Answer: B... Explanation: Cluster headaches affect men more oft…
A 63-year-old man develops transient e…
Answer: D... Explanation: The episodic nature of the patient's…
82 terms
NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS
) Benign tumors... A) spread rapidly thro…
A ________ is a mass of cells without…
Which of the following is not a charac…
A key reason as to why malignant tumor…
e
a
d
b
) Benign tumors... A) spread rapidly thro…
e
A ________ is a mass of cells without…
a
56 terms
Neurologic Disorders
Myasthenia Gravis - background, diagno…
Myasthenia Gravis clinical features
Left superior MCA infarct
Left inferior MCA infarct
immune-mediated disorder of NMJ and skeletal muscle cells inv…
generalized symmetrical weakness, especially proximal limb mu…
deficits include: -R face and arm weakness... -nonfluent (Broca'…
deficits include: ... -fluent (wernicke's) aphasia... -R visual fie…
Myasthenia Gravis - background, diagno…
immune-mediated disorder of NMJ and skeletal muscle cells inv…
Myasthenia Gravis clinical features
generalized symmetrical weakness, especially proximal limb mu…
6 terms
Neurological Disorders
Epilepsy
Huntington's disease
Parkinson's disease
ALS
-Neurons randomly and rapidly fire... -seizures, altered behavio…
-Dominant disease, progressive breakdown of nerve cells... -depr…
-progressive neurologival disorder affecting nerves in the br…
-progressive degenerative disease that affects motor neuron i…
Epilepsy
-Neurons randomly and rapidly fire... -seizures, altered behavio…
Huntington's disease
-Dominant disease, progressive breakdown of nerve cells... -depr…
24 terms
Neurological Disorders
Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy
Teratogen
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Neural Adhesion Protein
Form of Traumatic Brain Injury; Neurodegeneration due to repe…
Any chemical or toxin that results in abnormal development of…
Birth defect caused by ingestion of alcohol by pregnant woman
Protein that plays role in brain development
Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy
Form of Traumatic Brain Injury; Neurodegeneration due to repe…
Teratogen
Any chemical or toxin that results in abnormal development of…
38 terms
Neurological Disorders
Seizure disorders
Epilepsy
Prodrome
Incidence of seizure disorders
Temporary involuntary disturbance of brain function ... -may sho…
a group of disorders with multiple seizures ... -all epileptics…
Mood/Behavior change or unusual sensation before a seizure st…
- 0.5% of population ... -4% in kids (0-15)
Seizure disorders
Temporary involuntary disturbance of brain function ... -may sho…
Epilepsy
a group of disorders with multiple seizures ... -all epileptics…
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