Study sets matching "neurology"

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Study sets matching "neurology"

Neurology
Neurons:
Neuroglia (glial cells):
Neuroglial Cells
Organs of the Nervous System
cells that send and receive signals
cells that support and protect neurons... Non-neuronal cells th…
Brain and spinal cord... Sensory receptors of sense organs (eyes…
Neurons:
cells that send and receive signals
Neuroglia (glial cells):
cells that support and protect neurons... Non-neuronal cells th…
39 terms
Neurology
Specific tests for DLB
Wilson's disease
Diencephelon
Mesencephalon
PET & SPECT (DaTSCAN)
ATP7B gene mutation (Ch-13)
thalamus, hypothalamus, epithalamus, subthalamus & optic vesi…
mid-brain
Specific tests for DLB
PET & SPECT (DaTSCAN)
Wilson's disease
ATP7B gene mutation (Ch-13)
NEUROLOGY
Dural Sinus Venous Thrombosis
Critical Illness Myopathy
Corticosteroid Myopathy
Atypical Parkinsonism Syndrome
•The diagnostic test of choice for diagnosing dural sinus ven…
•Critical illness myopathy can occur in severely ill patients…
Corticosteroid myopathy presents with predominantly proximal…
Absence of a response to levodopa is most suggestive of an at…
Dural Sinus Venous Thrombosis
•The diagnostic test of choice for diagnosing dural sinus ven…
Critical Illness Myopathy
•Critical illness myopathy can occur in severely ill patients…
28 terms
Neurology
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Neurons
Cell Body
Directs activity of the whole nervous system, made up of the…
Sensory receptors, (pain and tempterature)
Cells that transmit information in the form of nerve impulses…
The main part of a neuron, has a nucleus.
Central Nervous System
Directs activity of the whole nervous system, made up of the…
Peripheral Nervous System
Sensory receptors, (pain and tempterature)
25 terms
Neurology
Headaches, Pain sensitive structures,…
Pain Sensitive Structures (Extracrania…
Acute onset Headaches Etiology
Subacute Headaches Etiology
Venous Sinuses... Meningeal Arteries... Dura... CN V, IX, X... Proxim…
Skull Periosteum... Skin... Subcutaneous tissues, Muscles, Arteri…
-SAH... -CVD... -Meningitis or Encephalitis... -Ocular Disorders (…
-Giant Cell Arteritis- Temporal Arteritis... -Intracranial Mass…
Headaches, Pain sensitive structures,…
Venous Sinuses... Meningeal Arteries... Dura... CN V, IX, X... Proxim…
Pain Sensitive Structures (Extracrania…
Skull Periosteum... Skin... Subcutaneous tissues, Muscles, Arteri…
24 terms
Neurology
Neuron pathway
Cerebellum
How many neurons are there
Autonomic nervous system
The root traveled by nerve impulses
2nd largest part of brain
3
System of nerves and ganglia that innervates the blood vessels
Neuron pathway
The root traveled by nerve impulses
Cerebellum
2nd largest part of brain
130 terms
Neurology
Multiple sclerosis Lab
MS treatment acute
Acute inflammatory demyelinating polyr…
Acute inflammatory demyelinating polyr…
IgG in CSF, oligoclonal band is diagnostic. ... MRI(glod stander…
corticosteroid ... support treatment ... bladder control: cathereri…
1 Ascending muscle weakness and paralysis starts from lower e…
albuminocytologic separation ... increase CSF protein but normal…
Multiple sclerosis Lab
IgG in CSF, oligoclonal band is diagnostic. ... MRI(glod stander…
MS treatment acute
corticosteroid ... support treatment ... bladder control: cathereri…
121 terms
Neurology
what symptoms are indicative of a neur…
What is vomiting indicative of?
what are the different types of Headac…
what is a Neurogenic bladder?
vomiting, headache, bowel and bladder control, developmental…
Increased intracranial pressure (hemorrhage or hydrocephalus)…
Tension, migraines... Qs to ask... - related to activity... - type of…
Inability to urinate voluntarily combined with incontinence (…
what symptoms are indicative of a neur…
vomiting, headache, bowel and bladder control, developmental…
What is vomiting indicative of?
Increased intracranial pressure (hemorrhage or hydrocephalus)…
96 terms
Neurology
C4 level injury
C7 level injury
T1 level injury
T5 level injury
total loss of respiratory muscle function --> intubation
loss of accessory work muscles --> tetrapeligia and watch for…
parapalegia
hypomobility of bowels
C4 level injury
total loss of respiratory muscle function --> intubation
C7 level injury
loss of accessory work muscles --> tetrapeligia and watch for…
Neurology
Todd's Palsy
Ramsay-Hunt Syndrome
Tullio's Phenomenon
Acoustic Neuroma
Focal weakness in a part of the body after a seizure
(Herpes Zoster Oticus): shingles of the geniculate ganglion... A…
Nystagmus evoked by loud sound... Indicates lymph-perilymph fist…
= Vestibular Schwannoma... (Cerebellopontine Angle tumour)
Todd's Palsy
Focal weakness in a part of the body after a seizure
Ramsay-Hunt Syndrome
(Herpes Zoster Oticus): shingles of the geniculate ganglion... A…
103 terms
Neurology
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Somatic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Consists of the brain and the spinal cord.
Somatic and Autonomic
Voluntary functions
Sympathetic and Parasympathetic
Central Nervous System
Consists of the brain and the spinal cord.
Peripheral Nervous System
Somatic and Autonomic
Neurology
notochord induces ____ to differentiat…
neural plate give rise to _____ & ____…
alar plate (anatomical location and fcn)
basal plate (anatomical location and f…
overlying ectoderm, neuroectoderm, neural plate
neural tube and neural crest cells
dorsal, sensory
ventral, motor
notochord induces ____ to differentiat…
overlying ectoderm, neuroectoderm, neural plate
neural plate give rise to _____ & ____…
neural tube and neural crest cells
127 terms
Neurology
2 types of nervous tissue
6 types of glial cells
clusters of cell bodies in CNS and PNS
bundles of processes (dendrites and ax…
neurons-transmit electrical signals ... Neuroglia (glial cells)…
astrocytes (CNS)-repair cells... microglia (CNS)-defensive cells…
CNS- nuclei... PNS- ganglia
Tracts in CNS ... Nerves in PNS
2 types of nervous tissue
neurons-transmit electrical signals ... Neuroglia (glial cells)…
6 types of glial cells
astrocytes (CNS)-repair cells... microglia (CNS)-defensive cells…
153 terms
Neurology
Dyskinesia
Dysmetria
Ataxia
Chorea
Abnormal, involuntary movements
Past-pointing, lack of coordination - cerebellar
Loss of coordination of muscle movement... Often in cerebellar d…
Continuous jerky movement - sudden, hold posture for a few se…
Dyskinesia
Abnormal, involuntary movements
Dysmetria
Past-pointing, lack of coordination - cerebellar
Neurology
Seizure, tremors, diaphoresis, 2-3 day…
Delirium tremens - symptoms
Delirium tremens - when does peak inte…
Delirium tremens - treatment
Delirium tremens
Confusion, stupor, loss of consciousness... Nervous / angry beha…
4-5 days after last drink
Benzodiazepines... - PO Lorazepam - 12 doses of 2-4 mg q 4 h…
Seizure, tremors, diaphoresis, 2-3 day…
Delirium tremens
Delirium tremens - symptoms
Confusion, stupor, loss of consciousness... Nervous / angry beha…
153 terms
Neurology
Musculocutaneous nerve
Radial nerve
Femoral nerve
Peroneal nerve
(C6), C7-C8, (T1)
C7-C8, T1, (T2)
(L3), L4-L5, (L6)
L6-L7, S1
Musculocutaneous nerve
(C6), C7-C8, (T1)
Radial nerve
C7-C8, T1, (T2)
308 terms
Neurology
tick borne neuro illness
GBS
botulism
when can tpa be given
- progressive ascending paralysis over hours to days... - *no…
- ascending symmetric paralysis over days to weeks... - autonomi…
- descending paralysis and early cranial nerve involvement
- 4.5 hours of symptom onset ... - BP for fibinolutic therapy sh…
tick borne neuro illness
- progressive ascending paralysis over hours to days... - *no…
GBS
- ascending symmetric paralysis over days to weeks... - autonomi…
597 terms
Neurology
CNS/PNS origins (germ cell layers)
Neurons - details?
Astrocytes - details?
Microglia - details?
Neuroectoderm - CNS neurons, ependymal cells (inner lining of…
Compose nervous system. Permanent cells - do not divide in ad…
Physical support, repair, K+ metabolism, removal of excess ne…
CNS phagocytes. Mesodermal origin. Not readily discernible in…
CNS/PNS origins (germ cell layers)
Neuroectoderm - CNS neurons, ependymal cells (inner lining of…
Neurons - details?
Compose nervous system. Permanent cells - do not divide in ad…
223 terms
Neurology
superior rectus
inferior rectus
medial rectus
inferior oblique
CNIII... elevation (maximal on lateral gaze)... intorsion... adduction
CNIII... depression (maximal on lateral gaze)... extorsion... adduction
CNIII... adduction
CNIII... excyclotorsion... elevation (maximal on medial gaze)... abduc…
superior rectus
CNIII... elevation (maximal on lateral gaze)... intorsion... adduction
inferior rectus
CNIII... depression (maximal on lateral gaze)... extorsion... adduction
Neurology
Absence seizure
Afferent
Alzheimer's disease
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis ALS
Type of generalized seizure with sudden onset, characterized…
carrying impulses toward the central nervous system. Sensory…
a degenerative brain disorder; the most common cause of demen…
progressive degeneration of specific nerve cells that control…
Absence seizure
Type of generalized seizure with sudden onset, characterized…
Afferent
carrying impulses toward the central nervous system. Sensory…
222 terms
Neurology
Tension HA S/S
What is the common HA:
Tension HA Tx
Triggers for Tension HA
-Bilateral, non-throbbing, Band like... "dull," "pressure," "hea…
Tension HA
1st NSAIDS... 2nd ... Relaxation exercises
Stress, fatigue
Tension HA S/S
-Bilateral, non-throbbing, Band like... "dull," "pressure," "hea…
What is the common HA:
Tension HA
183 terms
Neurology
Would a patient with bacterial meningi…
Treatment of Trigeminal Neuralgia
What is a typical finding in MS?
What does an onset of HA with exertion…
LOW, 30% of serum levels.
High dose of anticonvulsants... i.e. Carbamazepine (Tegretol) or…
Demyelinating Plaques
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
Would a patient with bacterial meningi…
LOW, 30% of serum levels.
Treatment of Trigeminal Neuralgia
High dose of anticonvulsants... i.e. Carbamazepine (Tegretol) or…
1,365 terms
Neurology
Intra/extracellular concentrations of Na
Intra/extracellular concentrations of K
Intra/extracellular concentrations of Ca
Intra/extracellular concentrations of Cl
Intracellular: 10-15 mmol/L... Extracellular: 135-145 mmol/L... "Ce…
Intracellular: 120-145 mmol/L... Extracellular: 3.5-5 mmol/L... "Ce…
Intracellular: <<1 mmol/L... Extracellular: 2.2-2.6 mmol/L
Intracellular: 5-10 mmol/L... Extracellular: 95-105 mmol/L
Intra/extracellular concentrations of Na
Intracellular: 10-15 mmol/L... Extracellular: 135-145 mmol/L... "Ce…
Intra/extracellular concentrations of K
Intracellular: 120-145 mmol/L... Extracellular: 3.5-5 mmol/L... "Ce…
39 terms
Neurology
Signifcance of Upper motor neuron signs
Endovascular therapy Guidelines for st…
Signifcance of Lower motor neuron signs
Non-emergent causes of peipheral neuro…
signify a lesion within the cerebral cortex or corticospinal…
Lesions in the anterior horn of the spinal cord and its axona…
Connective tissue disorder... External compression (entrapment s…
Signifcance of Upper motor neuron signs
signify a lesion within the cerebral cortex or corticospinal…
Endovascular therapy Guidelines for st…
79 terms
Neurology
Broca's Aphasia
Wernicke's Aphasia
Conduction Aphasia
Global Aphasia
Nonfluent aphasia with intact comprehension and impaired repe…
Fluent aphasia with impaired comprehension and repetition. We…
Poor repetition but fluent speech, intact comprehension. Can…
Nonfluent aphasia with impaired comprehension... Arcuate fascic…
Broca's Aphasia
Nonfluent aphasia with intact comprehension and impaired repe…
Wernicke's Aphasia
Fluent aphasia with impaired comprehension and repetition. We…
Neurology
__% of strokes are ischemia and ___% a…
MCA stroke: eyes look _____ side of le…
ACA stroke: leg ___ arm weakness
location of stroke: urinary incontinence
85; 15
toward
>
ACA
__% of strokes are ischemia and ___% a…
85; 15
MCA stroke: eyes look _____ side of le…
toward
289 terms
Neurology
how to treat warfarin-associated intra…
Use for tranexamic acid
presentation of wilsons dz in children…
risk factors for idiopathic intracrani…
vitamin K ... prothrombin complex conentration: contain vitamin…
treat heavy menstrual bleeding + prevent excessive blood loss…
children/adolescents - liver dz (range from asymptomatic amin…
1. Overweight women of childbearing age... 2. Meds (tetracylines…
how to treat warfarin-associated intra…
vitamin K ... prothrombin complex conentration: contain vitamin…
Use for tranexamic acid
treat heavy menstrual bleeding + prevent excessive blood loss…
Neurology
Chiari II
Dandy-Walker
Locus ceruleus (pons)
Ventral tegmentum, substantia nigra pa…
Significant herniation of cerebellar tonsils and vermis throu…
Agenesis of the cerebellar vermis... Cystic enlargement of 4th v…
Location of production of norepinephrine
Location of synthesis of dopamine
Chiari II
Significant herniation of cerebellar tonsils and vermis throu…
Dandy-Walker
Agenesis of the cerebellar vermis... Cystic enlargement of 4th v…
Neurology
Stroke
Anterior cerebral artery occlusion
Middle cerebral artery occlusion
Nondominant hemisphere stroke
A sudden onset of a focal neurologic deficit
-contralateral weakness and sensory loss in the leg more than…
contralateral hemiplegia, hemisensory loss, and homonymous he…
preserved speech, comprehension with confusion, and apraxia w…
Stroke
A sudden onset of a focal neurologic deficit
Anterior cerebral artery occlusion
-contralateral weakness and sensory loss in the leg more than…
109 terms
Neurology
Oligodendrocytes
Schwann Cells
GFAP
Oligodendroglia damaged in
Myelin in CNS
Myelin in PNS
Astroctyes (neuroectoderm)
PML ... Leukodystrophies: Crabbe, metachromic... MS
Oligodendrocytes
Myelin in CNS
Schwann Cells
Myelin in PNS
36 terms
Neurology
Meninges
Dura Mater
Arachnoid Membrane
Pia Mater
The three membranes that line the skull and vertebral canal a…
The tough outermost membrane enveloping the brain and spinal…
Fine delicate membrane/meninge between the dura mater and pia…
The delicate innermost membrane enveloping the brain and spin…
Meninges
The three membranes that line the skull and vertebral canal a…
Dura Mater
The tough outermost membrane enveloping the brain and spinal…
63 terms
Neurology
Cell body... Outside and inside
Nucleus
Neurofibrils
Dendrites
Cell body... Outside and inside
Nucleus
40 terms
Neurology
Cerebrum
Hemisphere
Corpus Callosum
Frontal Lobe
The largest and most obvious part of the brain
Each half of the cerebrum
The only connection between the right and left hemispheres
Originates conscious thought and intelligence
Cerebrum
The largest and most obvious part of the brain
Hemisphere
Each half of the cerebrum
Neurology
What percent of patients with Bell's p…
Apart from facial palsy, what other sy…
Apart from classic Bells palsy, what a…
What is the most common cause of asept…
85%
Hyperacusis and hypogeusia.
Lyme disease, Ramsay Hunt Syndrome, parotid tumors.
Enteroviruses (echovirus and Coxsackievirus. These make up 80…
What percent of patients with Bell's p…
85%
Apart from facial palsy, what other sy…
Hyperacusis and hypogeusia.
203 terms
Neurology
Dermatomyositis... Concerned about malign…
Medical tx with DA antagonists:... Bromoc…
Cabergoline for both
If they cannot tolerate DA antagonists…
A pt has a rash over her eyes and her knuckles. She also has…
A pt has a prolactinoma. What is the first step in tx regardl…
Which drug is more effective in tx prolactinomas, bromocripti…
Why would pts with prolactinomas get estrogen therapy?
Dermatomyositis... Concerned about malign…
A pt has a rash over her eyes and her knuckles. She also has…
Medical tx with DA antagonists:... Bromoc…
A pt has a prolactinoma. What is the first step in tx regardl…
33 terms
Neurology
Brain metabolism
Diabetics signs and symptoms who took…
Mechanism of injury
Hypoxic
1. energy metabolism- obligatory glucose users... 2. effect of…
excessive sweat and hunger... excited combative
-Hypoxic and ischemic injury... -Excitatory amino acids- glutama…
global term lack of oxygen to the brain (CO2 poison)
Brain metabolism
1. energy metabolism- obligatory glucose users... 2. effect of…
Diabetics signs and symptoms who took…
excessive sweat and hunger... excited combative
100 terms
Neurology
two basic categories of cells that mak…
neurons
Glial Cells
Nervous Central s System (CNS)
Neurons- functional unit of the nervous system... Glial Cells-…
functional unit of the nervous system
support cells of the nervous system
Brain & Spinal Cord
two basic categories of cells that mak…
Neurons- functional unit of the nervous system... Glial Cells-…
neurons
functional unit of the nervous system
Neurology
nucleus
ganglion
Lissencephaly
What is another term for the telenceph…
group of nerves in the CNS
group of nerves outside the CNS
smooth brain (rabbits)
Forebrain
nucleus
group of nerves in the CNS
ganglion
group of nerves outside the CNS
Neurology
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Somatic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Consists of the brain and the spinal cord.
Somatic and Autonomic
Voluntary functions
Sympathetic and Parasympathetic
Central Nervous System
Consists of the brain and the spinal cord.
Peripheral Nervous System
Somatic and Autonomic
68 terms
Neurology
CNS
Brain Structures
Brainstem structures
Reticular Activating System
brain & spinal cord
-brainstem ... -RAS, reticular activating system... -diencephalon…
-Midbrain - motor/sensory (posture/eyes/head), cnx to cerebel…
-integrates motor & sensory, located in brainstem, midbrain,…
CNS
brain & spinal cord
Brain Structures
-brainstem ... -RAS, reticular activating system... -diencephalon…
57 terms
Neurology
Dangerous Headaches
Acute onset of high fever, severe HA,…
Acute Bacterial Meningitis: management
Acute onset of HA that is located on o…
Abrupt onset, first onset of HA age 50 yrs, exertional headac…
Acute Bacterial Meningitis - Refer to ED
LP, CT head, CBC.... Rocephin for infants, adults (PLUS choramph…
Temporal Arteritis
Dangerous Headaches
Abrupt onset, first onset of HA age 50 yrs, exertional headac…
Acute onset of high fever, severe HA,…
Acute Bacterial Meningitis - Refer to ED
1,365 terms
Neurology
Intra/extracellular concentrations of Na
Intra/extracellular concentrations of K
Intra/extracellular concentrations of Ca
Intra/extracellular concentrations of Cl
Intracellular: 10-15 mmol/L... Extracellular: 135-145 mmol/L... "Ce…
Intracellular: 120-145 mmol/L... Extracellular: 3.5-5 mmol/L... "Ce…
Intracellular: <<1 mmol/L... Extracellular: 2.2-2.6 mmol/L
Intracellular: 5-10 mmol/L... Extracellular: 95-105 mmol/L
Intra/extracellular concentrations of Na
Intracellular: 10-15 mmol/L... Extracellular: 135-145 mmol/L... "Ce…
Intra/extracellular concentrations of K
Intracellular: 120-145 mmol/L... Extracellular: 3.5-5 mmol/L... "Ce…
Neurology
affer/o
arachn/o
astr/o
autonom/o
combining term meaning toward the midline
spider-like or web-like combining form
combining form meaning star
combining form meaning independent or self-governing
affer/o
combining term meaning toward the midline
arachn/o
spider-like or web-like combining form
331 terms
Neurology
What induces the ectoderm to different…
What does the neural plate give rise to?
What does the notochord become?
What is derived from the telencephalon?
Notochord
Neutral tube and neural crest cells
Nucleus pulposus
Telencephalon comes from the prosencephalon (forebrain) and m…
What induces the ectoderm to different…
Notochord
What does the neural plate give rise to?
Neutral tube and neural crest cells
33 terms
Neurology
Cerebrum
Corpus callosum
Thalamus
Hypothalamus
Responsible for sensing, thinking, learning, emotion, conscio…
Bridge of fiber passing information between the two cerebral…
Relay center for cortex; handles incoming and outgoing signals
Responsible for regulating basic biological needs: hunger, th…
Cerebrum
Responsible for sensing, thinking, learning, emotion, conscio…
Corpus callosum
Bridge of fiber passing information between the two cerebral…
41 terms
Neurology
Biological psychology
Neuron
Sensory neurons
Motor neurons
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
a nerve cell; basic building block of the nervous system
Carry incoming information form the sensory receptors to the…
carry outgoing information from the brain and spinal cord to…
Biological psychology
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Neuron
a nerve cell; basic building block of the nervous system
132 terms
Neurology
Lesion localisation and the neurologic…
Basics
What are the divisions of the nervous…
What are the anatomical regions of the…
...
...
Central nervous system vs peripheral nervous system... PNS... Som…
Cervical: 8 (8 segments but only 7 vertebrae)... Thoracic: 13…
Lesion localisation and the neurologic…
...
Basics
...
116 terms
Neurology
What is important about C8 nerve? 2 th…
Phrenic nerve... - roots?... - symptoms?... - w…
T10
Reflexes... - Achilles (roots?)... - Patell…
1) There IS no C8 vertebra (7 cervical vertebra)... 2) C8 comes…
- C3, 4, 5 keeps the diaphragm alive... - referred shoulder pain…
- T10 at the belly BUT TEN... - Referred pain for appendicitis (…
1+ is LMN lesion... 2+ is NORMAL... 3+ and up is an UMN... - C5, C6 "…
What is important about C8 nerve? 2 th…
1) There IS no C8 vertebra (7 cervical vertebra)... 2) C8 comes…
Phrenic nerve... - roots?... - symptoms?... - w…
- C3, 4, 5 keeps the diaphragm alive... - referred shoulder pain…
36 terms
Neurology
56 year-old male arrives in the Emerge…
25 year-old male involved in a motor v…
63 year-old male presenting with alter…
23 year-old male presenting with visio…
We are worried about stroke ... Perform a non-enhanced CT of th…
Coup injury: ... Left frontal EDH ... Fracture... Contra-coup:... Post…
This lesion is inside the brain (inside axial) because the br…
Posterior Cerebral Artery Infarct.... This is cytotoxic edema a…
56 year-old male arrives in the Emerge…
We are worried about stroke ... Perform a non-enhanced CT of th…
25 year-old male involved in a motor v…
Coup injury: ... Left frontal EDH ... Fracture... Contra-coup:... Post…
Neurology
CNS vs PNS
somatic vs autonomic motor nerve fiber…
internuncial neurons
neuroglia
CNS: brain/spinal cord (UMN)... PNS: spinal nerves and perip…
somatic: terminate on skeletal muscle (voluntary)... *autonomi…
a neuron connecting two other neurons
supportive cells of nervous system
CNS vs PNS
CNS: brain/spinal cord (UMN)... PNS: spinal nerves and perip…
somatic vs autonomic motor nerve fiber…
somatic: terminate on skeletal muscle (voluntary)... *autonomi…
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