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Study sets matching "neuromuscular rehabilitation"

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Study sets matching "neuromuscular rehabilitation"

39 terms
Neuromuscular rehabilitation
Brunnstrom
PNF scapula d1 flexion
PNF scapula d1 extension
PNF shoulder D1 flexion
Separates neurological recovery into seven separate stages ba…
Elevation, abduction, upward rotation
Depression, adduction, downward rotation
Function, adduction, lateral rotation
Brunnstrom
Separates neurological recovery into seven separate stages ba…
PNF scapula d1 flexion
Elevation, abduction, upward rotation
147 terms
Neuromuscular Rehabilitation-Unit 1
Somatic Nervous System
Autonomic (visceral) Nervous System
Nueron
Sensory
Controlled voluntarily, composed of all receptors & nerves wh…
Controlled involuntarily, effectors are smooth & cardiac musc…
excitable cells that receive and send signals to other excita…
Afferent, conducts impulses to spinal cord, brain
Somatic Nervous System
Controlled voluntarily, composed of all receptors & nerves wh…
Autonomic (visceral) Nervous System
Controlled involuntarily, effectors are smooth & cardiac musc…
68 terms
Neuromuscular Rehabilitation- CVA Unit
List the settings a patient might be i…
List the settings a patient might be i…
What do the following abbreviations st…
Very general function of brain lobes:…
Acute care... LTAC... IRF... SNF... Home
Acute care... LTAC... SNF... IRF... Home
1. Transient ischemic attack... 2. Cerebrovascular accident... 3. I…
1. Sensory & sensory processing... 2. Vision, visual recognition…
List the settings a patient might be i…
Acute care... LTAC... IRF... SNF... Home
List the settings a patient might be i…
Acute care... LTAC... SNF... IRF... Home
68 terms
Neuromuscular Rehabilitation- CVA Unit
List the settings a patient might be i…
List the settings a patient might be i…
What do the following abbreviations st…
Very general function of brain lobes:…
Acute care... LTAC... IRF... SNF... Home
Acute care... LTAC... SNF... IRF... Home
1. Transient ischemic attack... 2. Cerebrovascular accident... 3. I…
1. Sensory & sensory processing... 2. Vision, visual recognition…
List the settings a patient might be i…
Acute care... LTAC... IRF... SNF... Home
List the settings a patient might be i…
Acute care... LTAC... SNF... IRF... Home
40 terms
Neuromuscular Rehabilitation- CVA Unit
List the settings a patient might be i…
List the settings a patient might be i…
What do the following abbreviations st…
Very general function of brain lobes:…
Acute care... LTAC... IRF... SNF... Home
Acute care... LTAC... SNF... IRF... Home
1. Transient ischemic attack... 2. Cerebrovascular accident... 3. I…
1. Sensory & sensory processing... 2. Vision, visual recognition…
List the settings a patient might be i…
Acute care... LTAC... IRF... SNF... Home
List the settings a patient might be i…
Acute care... LTAC... SNF... IRF... Home
66 terms
Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation/CVA Rehabilitation
3 people responsible for PNF
Anatomical Concept
Sherington's Induction Theory
Reciprocal Inhibition/Innervation
Herman Kabat... Margaret Knott... Dorothy Voss
All actions have some rotational, flexion and extension, abdu…
When a muscle is taken to its end range it facilitates return…
When an agonist contracts its antagonist must relax to achiev…
3 people responsible for PNF
Herman Kabat... Margaret Knott... Dorothy Voss
Anatomical Concept
All actions have some rotational, flexion and extension, abdu…
15 terms
246 Neuromuscular Rehabilitation Quizlet III
What are the three motor responses to…
All of the following are correct with…
Which of the following facilitates fun…
Which is True regarding Contract Relax…
* ankle strategy/ hip strategy/ stepping strategy
a. stepping ... b. backward ... c. forward ... d. ankle
a. Slow Reversal Hold ... b. Rhythmic Stabilization ... c. Agonist…
a. To increase passive joint mobility (ROM) & to decrease mov…
What are the three motor responses to…
* ankle strategy/ hip strategy/ stepping strategy
All of the following are correct with…
a. stepping ... b. backward ... c. forward ... d. ankle
35 terms
Neuromuscular System: Muscle Strength and Rehabilitation
Where are Type I muscles usually found?
Where are Type II muscles usually found?
All muscles only have a specific type…
As you generate force, how do the diff…
- Largely in muscles working close to joints providing more s…
- Largely in muscles that are for the limbs, enabling power f…
False! All muscles have BOTH type I and type II.
- First type I are recruited so as to stabilize the body befo…
Where are Type I muscles usually found?
- Largely in muscles working close to joints providing more s…
Where are Type II muscles usually found?
- Largely in muscles that are for the limbs, enabling power f…
36 terms
Rehabilitation
SAID Principle
Dynamic Stretching
Cardiorespiratory Endurance
VO2 Max
After/When body is exposed to stresses and overloads of varyi…
active stretch / warm-up
ability to perform whole-body, large muscle activities for ex…
greatest rate at which oxygen can be taken in and used during…
SAID Principle
After/When body is exposed to stresses and overloads of varyi…
Dynamic Stretching
active stretch / warm-up
16 terms
Neuromuscular device
Wheelchair with *rear wheel axies post…
Heel wedge is too stiff
Excessive redness over the patella
Patient with unilateral transtibial am…
-for both LE amputated patient... -adjusting the rear wheel axl…
->knee flexes too soon and excessively on initial contact…
-residual limb sits too low in the prosthesis... -often *caus…
enter inpatient rehabilitation for one or two weeks for pro…
Wheelchair with *rear wheel axies post…
-for both LE amputated patient... -adjusting the rear wheel axl…
Heel wedge is too stiff
->knee flexes too soon and excessively on initial contact…
14 terms
Rehabilitation
AD LIB
CWP
CWI
ADL
As desired
Cold whirlpool
Crutch walking instructions
Activities of daily living
AD LIB
As desired
CWP
Cold whirlpool
14 terms
Rehabilitation
AD LIB
CWP
CWI
ADL
as tolerated
cold whirlpool
crutch walking instructions
activities of daily living
AD LIB
as tolerated
CWP
cold whirlpool
14 terms
Rehabilitation
AD LIB
CWP
CWI
ADL
As tolerate
Cold whielpool
Crutch walking instructions
Activities of daily living
AD LIB
As tolerate
CWP
Cold whielpool
31 terms
NEURO REHABILITATION
GENERAL GOALS FOR STROKE CLIENTS
CVA INTERVENTIONS
CVA POSITIONING
CVA: SROM
Prevention of secondary complications and injury... 2. Encourag…
Positioning... Facilitative/Inhibitory techniques... safety awarene…
Proper positioning after CVA is important to minimize the eff…
Should be pain free... Should be performed in a slow, controlle…
GENERAL GOALS FOR STROKE CLIENTS
Prevention of secondary complications and injury... 2. Encourag…
CVA INTERVENTIONS
Positioning... Facilitative/Inhibitory techniques... safety awarene…
32 terms
Neuromuscular Control
Neuromuscular control
Mechanoreceptors
Pacinian Corpuscle (articular)
Golgi-Mazzoni Corpuscles (articular)
1. The body's reception, interpretation and motor response to…
(input going in)... 1. Articular- specialized nerve endings that…
1. Located throughout the joint capsule... 2. Sensitive to compr…
1. Located within the joint capsule... 2. Sensitive to compression
Neuromuscular control
1. The body's reception, interpretation and motor response to…
Mechanoreceptors
(input going in)... 1. Articular- specialized nerve endings that…
26 terms
Rehabilitation
Therapeutic Exercises
Conditioning Exercise
Philosophy of A.I. Rehabilitation
Long term rehab requires supervision o…
Exercise used as part of rehabilitation program... -recover from…
Activities that are used to minimize injury & maximize perfor…
-Most injuries do not involve long term rehab... -Long term reha…
Athletic trainer should design, implement & supervise rehabil…
Therapeutic Exercises
Exercise used as part of rehabilitation program... -recover from…
Conditioning Exercise
Activities that are used to minimize injury & maximize perfor…
14 terms
Rehabilitation
Ad lib
CWP
CWI
ADL
As tolerated
Cold whirlpol
Crutch walking instructions
Activities of daily living
Ad lib
As tolerated
CWP
Cold whirlpol
153 terms
Neuromuscular and Nervous System Pathology
Alzheimer's Disease
Etiology of Alzheimer's Disease
Signs & Symptoms of Alzheimer's Disease
Treatment for Alzheimer's Disease
Progressive... -Deterioration and irreversible damage within t…
-Exact etiology is unknown.... -Low levels of neurotransmitters.…
Onset:... -Change in higher cortical functions (difficulty with…
No cure... -Medications used to inhibit acetylcholinesterase,…
Alzheimer's Disease
Progressive... -Deterioration and irreversible damage within t…
Etiology of Alzheimer's Disease
-Exact etiology is unknown.... -Low levels of neurotransmitters.…
20 terms
Rehabilitation
Rehabilitation
Prehabilitation
Preseason conditioning
Adaptation
The process of restoring function through programmed exercise…
Trying to prevent injuries before they occur, through a preve…
Program beginning six to eight weeks prior to sport participa…
The systematic application of exercise stress sufficient to s…
Rehabilitation
The process of restoring function through programmed exercise…
Prehabilitation
Trying to prevent injuries before they occur, through a preve…
12 terms
Rehabilitation
RICE
Muscle spasms
Controlled inflamation
Moving
Rest, ice, compression, elevation... Reduces severity of inflamm…
Body's way of protecting itself against further injury
Improved comfort, decreased swelling, decreased edema (swelli…
Progress to exercises that increase joint mobility as soon as…
RICE
Rest, ice, compression, elevation... Reduces severity of inflamm…
Muscle spasms
Body's way of protecting itself against further injury
29 terms
Rehabilitation
Therapeutic Exercise
Conditioning Exercise
Concentric
Eccentric
Exercise used as part of a rehabilitation program
Activities that are used to minimize injury and maximize perf…
contraction while muscles shorten
contraction while muscle lengthens
Therapeutic Exercise
Exercise used as part of a rehabilitation program
Conditioning Exercise
Activities that are used to minimize injury and maximize perf…
82 terms
Vestibular Rehabilitation
purpose of vestibular system
3 reflexes
peripheral vestibular system
membranous labyrinth
• Sensory input... - Visual... - Vestibular (peripheral sensory app…
• Vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR)... - Generates eye movements tha…
• Bony labyrinth... - 3 semicircular canals (SCC)... - Cochlea and…
• 5 sensory organs... - Membranous portions of the 3 SCCs, with…
purpose of vestibular system
• Sensory input... - Visual... - Vestibular (peripheral sensory app…
3 reflexes
• Vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR)... - Generates eye movements tha…
Rehabilitation
Principles of Rehabilitation
Effects of Injury and Immobilization
Phases of Rehab (4)
Preoperative rehab
"Treatment Plan"- combination of modalities, rehab exercises,…
◊ Increase Laxity of a joint... ◊ Atrophy... ◊ Stiffness... ◊ Decrease…
1. Preoperative rehab (if applicable)... 2. Phase 1 Acute Inflam…
Decrease Pain... Decrease swelling... increase ROM... Increase Strengt…
Principles of Rehabilitation
"Treatment Plan"- combination of modalities, rehab exercises,…
Effects of Injury and Immobilization
◊ Increase Laxity of a joint... ◊ Atrophy... ◊ Stiffness... ◊ Decrease…
16 terms
Disability and rehabilitation
Long term condition
Neuromuscular long term conditions
Rehabilitation
WHO rehabilitation theory- what effect…
those that cannot, at present be cured, but can be controlled…
-ms... -epilepsy ... -muscular dustrophy ... -PD... -old polio
A process of active change by which a person who has become d…
• Pathology and impairment... - Is the body impaired? What are t…
Long term condition
those that cannot, at present be cured, but can be controlled…
Neuromuscular long term conditions
-ms... -epilepsy ... -muscular dustrophy ... -PD... -old polio
268 terms
Rehabilitation
What is EDX testing used for?
what are the components of the EDX ?
how are responses recorded during a ne…
What are the basic elements of nerve c…
to assess the function and integrity of the peripheral nervou…
Nerve conduction studies... Electromyography... special tests
compound motor action potential... sensory nerve action potentia…
Motor nerve conductions, sensory nerve conductions, late resp…
What is EDX testing used for?
to assess the function and integrity of the peripheral nervou…
what are the components of the EDX ?
Nerve conduction studies... Electromyography... special tests
12 terms
YL7_ORR_16.24_Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Heation
Conduction
Convect
Conversion
Based on form of transfer and depth of penetration
Transfer between two bodies
Uses movement of a medium to transport thermal energy
Transformation of energy to sound
Heation
Based on form of transfer and depth of penetration
Conduction
Transfer between two bodies
12 terms
Improving Neuromuscular Control
Neuromuscular Control
Neuromuscular Rehabilitation (NMR)
3 Components of NMR
Proprioceptive retraining
involves the detection, perception and utilization of relevan…
aims to improve ability of CNS/PNS to generate a fast and opt…
proprioceptive retraining, balance retraining and stabilizati…
enhancing the body's ability to sense joint position in space…
Neuromuscular Control
involves the detection, perception and utilization of relevan…
Neuromuscular Rehabilitation (NMR)
aims to improve ability of CNS/PNS to generate a fast and opt…
Rehabilitation
What is the ATC responsible for as far…
What is the purpose of rehabilitation?
What is the purpose of conditioning?
5 Components of Rehab
design, implementation, and supervision of the program
to restore normal body function after an injury
to improve performance levels or to correct biomechanics defi…
1. Reduce pain and edema... 2. Restore ROM... 3. Restore Strength... 4…
What is the ATC responsible for as far…
design, implementation, and supervision of the program
What is the purpose of rehabilitation?
to restore normal body function after an injury
27 terms
Physical Rehabilitation Abbreviations - N-Q
N
NCV
NK
NWB
Normal
Nerve Conduction Velocity
Neck
Non Weight Bearing
N
Normal
NCV
Nerve Conduction Velocity
28 terms
Neuromuscular Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Huntington's Disease
Parkinson's Disease
Spinocerebellar Degeneration
Disorders that are limited mainly to the motor system, causin…
An inherited disease of the CNS of progressive dementia with…
A chronic nervous disease characterized by a fine slowly spre…
Along with cerebellar degeneration, used to describe changes…
Neuromuscular Diseases
Disorders that are limited mainly to the motor system, causin…
Huntington's Disease
An inherited disease of the CNS of progressive dementia with…
27 terms
Physical Rehabilitation N,O,P,Q
N
NWB
NCV
N/T
Normal
Non Weight Bearing
Nerve conduction velocity
Numbness and Tingling or not tested
N
Normal
NWB
Non Weight Bearing
9 terms
Bobath Theory Of Neurological Rehabilitation
Neuromuscular Developmental Treatment…
Facilitation
Inhibition
Key Points of Control
Based on the hierarchial model of neurophysiologic function.…
A technique utilized to elicit voluntary muscular contraction.
A technique utilized to decrease excessive tone or movement.
Specific handeling of designated areas of the body (shoulder,…
Neuromuscular Developmental Treatment…
Based on the hierarchial model of neurophysiologic function.…
Facilitation
A technique utilized to elicit voluntary muscular contraction.
25 terms
ACL Rehabilitation
Functions of ACL
ACL Injuries Stats
ACL Injury Rates
ACL Injury Etiology
1. Restraint of anterior tibial displacement... 2. Restraint of…
Common injury in sports and strenuous work... Most common severe…
Higher incidence in "high risk" sports: run, cut, decel, twis…
Non-contact injury: twists knee with foot firmly planted and…
Functions of ACL
1. Restraint of anterior tibial displacement... 2. Restraint of…
ACL Injuries Stats
Common injury in sports and strenuous work... Most common severe…
Neurological Rehabilitation
Motor Control
Motor Learning
3 Stages of Motor Learning
Cognitive Stage
A
A
1.
DEFINITION:... CHARACTIZED BY:
Motor Control
A
Motor Learning
A
48 terms
Rehabilitation (Y3)
What are the short term goals of Rehab…
What are the Long Term goals of Rehabi…
What information is important to know…
What is Phase 1 of healing and how lon…
- Control Pain and Inflammation... - Maintain or improve ROM... - R…
- Return individual to Active Daily Lifestyle (ADL) - sports…
- Mechanism of Injury (MOI)... - Structures injured... - Severity o…
Acute Inflammatory Response Phase - up to 4 days
What are the short term goals of Rehab…
- Control Pain and Inflammation... - Maintain or improve ROM... - R…
What are the Long Term goals of Rehabi…
- Return individual to Active Daily Lifestyle (ADL) - sports…
Rehabilitation of the Shoulder Complex
Immobilization
General Body Conditioning
Shoulder Joint Mobilization
Flexibility
Will vary depending on injury... Isometrics can be performed dur…
Maintain cardiovascular endurance through cycling, running an…
Used to re-establish appropriate joint arthrokinematics... Used…
Codman's pendulum exercises and sawing motions should begin e…
Immobilization
Will vary depending on injury... Isometrics can be performed dur…
General Body Conditioning
Maintain cardiovascular endurance through cycling, running an…
19 terms
Vestibular Rehabilitation
Physiologic Nystagmus
Physiologic Nystagmus Produced By
Pathologic nystagmus
Pathologic nystagmus Produced By
Induced with natural or experimental stimuli in individuals w…
vestibular stimulation ... Visual stimulation (optokinetics)... Ext…
appears with or without external stimulation in patients with…
gaze-evolved (not extreme)... Positional... Spontaneous
Physiologic Nystagmus
Induced with natural or experimental stimuli in individuals w…
Physiologic Nystagmus Produced By
vestibular stimulation ... Visual stimulation (optokinetics)... Ext…
27 terms
rehabilitation and modalities
Phase 1
Phase 2
Flexibility
PNF
Control Inflammation-PRICE- Protect Injury with elastic wrap,…
Increase ROM and flexibility-Scar tissue not as strong ... Prol…
Increase muscle length... Ballistic stretching... Static Stretchi…
to enhance both active and passive range of motion in order t…
Phase 1
Control Inflammation-PRICE- Protect Injury with elastic wrap,…
Phase 2
Increase ROM and flexibility-Scar tissue not as strong ... Prol…
Rehabilitation of Hand and Fingers
General Body Conditioning
Joint Mobilizations
Flexibility
Strength
Must maintain pre-injury level of conditioning... Cardiorespirat…
Fingers respond to traction and mobilization techniques... Can b…
Full pain free ROM is a major goal of rehabilitation... The prog…
Exercises should not aggravate condition or disrupt healing p…
General Body Conditioning
Must maintain pre-injury level of conditioning... Cardiorespirat…
Joint Mobilizations
Fingers respond to traction and mobilization techniques... Can b…
36 terms
Kabat, Knott, and Voss Theories of Neuroligical Rehabilitation
Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitat…
Chopping
Developmental sequence
Mass Movement Patterns
Original goal of treatment was to lay down gross motor patter…
A combination of bilateral upper extremity asymmetrical exten…
A progression of motor skill acquisition. The stages of motor…
The hip, knee, and ankle move into flexion or extension simul…
Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitat…
Original goal of treatment was to lay down gross motor patter…
Chopping
A combination of bilateral upper extremity asymmetrical exten…
12 terms
Injury Rehabilitation
PREs
Isometric Exercise
Muscular Strength
Muscular endurance
Uses concentric and eccentric exercises in which there is a c…
Uses a static contraction to increase strength without motion…
The ability of a muscle to generate force
The ability to sustain a muscle contraction over a period of…
PREs
Uses concentric and eccentric exercises in which there is a c…
Isometric Exercise
Uses a static contraction to increase strength without motion…
45 terms
Using Therapeutic Exercise in Rehabilitation
Athletic Trainer's Approach to Rehabil…
Athletic Trainer's Approach to Rehabil…
Therapeutic Exercise Versus Conditioni…
Sudden Physical Inactivity and Injury…
Begins immediately after injury... Initial first aid has a subst…
Due to competitive nature of sports, rehab must be aggressive…
Basic principles of strength training apply to rehabilitation…
Body requires physical activity to maintain proper physical f…
Athletic Trainer's Approach to Rehabil…
Begins immediately after injury... Initial first aid has a subst…
Athletic Trainer's Approach to Rehabil…
Due to competitive nature of sports, rehab must be aggressive…
28 terms
Rehabilitation (2)
Initial response to injury
Edema control
PRICED
Protection
The most important and sets stage for recovery.... Edema control
May be contained within a joint (joint effusion) or bursa.... If…
Protection, Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation, Drugs
Especially used when a joint, bone, or soft tissue is unstabl…
Initial response to injury
The most important and sets stage for recovery.... Edema control
Edema control
May be contained within a joint (joint effusion) or bursa.... If…
25 terms
Neuromuscular Dysfunction
Acetylcholine
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
Astrocyte
Bradykinesia
...
...
...
...
Acetylcholine
...
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
...
Rehabilitation of the Forearm and Wrist
General Body Conditioning
Joint Mobilizations
Flexibility
Strength
-Must maintain pre-injury level of conditioning... -Cardiorespir…
-Wrist and hand respond to traction and mobilization techniqu…
-Full pain free ROM is a major goal of rehabilitation... -The pr…
-Exercises should not aggravate condition or disrupt healing…
General Body Conditioning
-Must maintain pre-injury level of conditioning... -Cardiorespir…
Joint Mobilizations
-Wrist and hand respond to traction and mobilization techniqu…
9 terms
RMS Injury Rehabilitation
RICE
ROM
Scar Tissue
Early Mobilization
Rest Ice Compression Elevation
range of motion, passive rom (PROM), active rom (AROM)
is sticky limiting ROM
is often indicated after the acute phase 2-4 days post ... -1-4…
RICE
Rest Ice Compression Elevation
ROM
range of motion, passive rom (PROM), active rom (AROM)
9 terms
Therapeutic Rehabilitation
What are the components of a rehabilit…
What four elements are crucial for ree…
Proprioception
Kinesthesia
-Minimizing swelling... -Controlling pain... -Reestablishing neurom…
-Proprioceptive and kinesthesia... -Dynamic stability... -Preparato…
-The ability to determine the position of a joint in space.
-The ability to detect movement.
What are the components of a rehabilit…
-Minimizing swelling... -Controlling pain... -Reestablishing neurom…
What four elements are crucial for ree…
-Proprioceptive and kinesthesia... -Dynamic stability... -Preparato…
25 terms
Basic Rehabilitation
Components of A Rehab Program
Controlling Swelling
Controlling Pain
Cold Modalities
Controlling swelling, Reducing pain, Restoring full range of…
protection, rest, ice, compression, elevation
price for an acute injury, Using therapeutic modalities throu…
decreases blood flow (bf), decreases pain
Components of A Rehab Program
Controlling swelling, Reducing pain, Restoring full range of…
Controlling Swelling
protection, rest, ice, compression, elevation
Medial Abb: Rehabilitation
AD LIB
CWP
CWI
ADL
As tolerated
Cold whirlpool
Cruth walking instructions
Activities of daily living
AD LIB
As tolerated
CWP
Cold whirlpool
17 terms
Rehabilitation Considerations
Goals of Demolition Stage (11)
Goals of Early Healing stage
Goals of Mid Healing stage
Goals of late Healing stage
-Move waste products out... - Decrease residual swelling... - preve…
make the tissue do what its suppose to do
stress the laying down of the right type of tissue and the co…
begin to gear towards the demands of the athletes sport. Gett…
Goals of Demolition Stage (11)
-Move waste products out... - Decrease residual swelling... - preve…
Goals of Early Healing stage
make the tissue do what its suppose to do
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