Study sets matching "neuroscience chapter 5"

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Study sets matching "neuroscience chapter 5"

39 terms
Neuroscience Chapter 5
Experimental ablation
Lesion study
Excitotoxic lesion
Sham lesion
The removal or destruction of a portion of the brain of a lab…
A synonym for experimental ablation
a brain lesion produced by intracerebral injection of an exci…
a "placebo" procedure that duplicates all the steps of produc…
Experimental ablation
The removal or destruction of a portion of the brain of a lab…
Lesion study
A synonym for experimental ablation
Chapter 5 Vocabulary: Neuroscience
Desensitization
Neuropharmacology
Inhibitors
Receptor Antagonists
Despite continued presence of ACh, the transmitter-gated chan…
The study of the effect of drugs on nervous system tissue
Drugs that inhibit the normal function of specific proteins i…
Inhibitors of neurotransmitter receptors that bind to the rec…
Desensitization
Despite continued presence of ACh, the transmitter-gated chan…
Neuropharmacology
The study of the effect of drugs on nervous system tissue
23 terms
Neuroscience Chapter 5
experimental ablation
excitotoxic lesions
sham lesion
stereotaxic surgery
destroying portions of brain tissue
injecting an excitotoxic amino acid(kainic acid)
placebo version of lesion studies
brain surgery using a specific apparatus and using bregma as…
experimental ablation
destroying portions of brain tissue
excitotoxic lesions
injecting an excitotoxic amino acid(kainic acid)
80 terms
Neuroscience Chapter 5
receptor cell
stimulus
labeled lines
generator potential
a specialized cell that responds to a particular substance or…
a physical event that triggers a sensory response
the concept that each nerve input to the brain reports only a…
a local change in the resting potential of a receptor cell th…
receptor cell
a specialized cell that responds to a particular substance or…
stimulus
a physical event that triggers a sensory response
43 terms
Neuroscience Chapter 5
Acetylcholine (ACh)
Epinephrine (EP, or adrenaline)
Norepinephrine (NE, or noradrenaline)
Neurotransmitter
First neurotransmitter discovered in the peripheral and centr…
Chemical messenger that acts a a hormone to mobilize the body…
Neurotransmitter found in the brain and in the sympathetic di…
Chemical released by a neuron onto a target with an excitator…
Acetylcholine (ACh)
First neurotransmitter discovered in the peripheral and centr…
Epinephrine (EP, or adrenaline)
Chemical messenger that acts a a hormone to mobilize the body…
Neuroscience Terms Chapter 5
Synaptic Transmission
Electrical Synapse
Chemical Synapse
Gap Junction
Process of information transfer at a synapse.
Process of electrical current transmission at a synapse.
Chemical neurotransmitters transfer information from one neur…
Where electrical synapses occur (almost every non-neuronal an…
Synaptic Transmission
Process of information transfer at a synapse.
Electrical Synapse
Process of electrical current transmission at a synapse.
88 terms
Neuroscience chapter 5
what are the 3 stages of human develop…
when is preembryonic stage?
when is embryonic?
when is fetal stage?
preembryonic... embryonic... fetal
from conception to 2 weeks
from 2nd to end of 8th week
from end of 8th week till birth
what are the 3 stages of human develop…
preembryonic... embryonic... fetal
when is preembryonic stage?
from conception to 2 weeks
55 terms
Behavioral Neuroscience Chapter 5
Proteome
Blood Cells and Sperm Cells
Genotype
Phenotype
The set of proteins encoded and expressed by the genome
DNA is the same in all cells except..
Set of genetic instructions that interacts with environment t…
Observable characteristics
Proteome
The set of proteins encoded and expressed by the genome
Blood Cells and Sperm Cells
DNA is the same in all cells except..
52 terms
Neuroscience Chapter 5
contrast x-ray techniques
cerebral angiography
computed tomography (CT)
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
x-ray techniques that involve the injection into one compartm…
a contrast x-ray technique for visualizing the cerebral circu…
a computer-assisted x-ray procedure that can be used to visua…
a procedure in which high-resolution images are constructed f…
contrast x-ray techniques
x-ray techniques that involve the injection into one compartm…
cerebral angiography
a contrast x-ray technique for visualizing the cerebral circu…
15 terms
Neuroscience Chapter 5
What is meant by quantal release of ne…
The elementary unit of a neurotransmit…
The amplitude of postsynaptic EPSP is…
Nicotonic ACh receptors are permeable to
- The total amount of transmitter released is a multiple of t…
The content of one synaptic vesicle
the response to the contents of one vesicle
both sodium and potassium
What is meant by quantal release of ne…
- The total amount of transmitter released is a multiple of t…
The elementary unit of a neurotransmit…
The content of one synaptic vesicle
26 terms
Neuroscience Chapter 5
This stage of development lasts from c…
This stage of development occurs from…
During this stage the ectoderm, mesode…
Develops insto the sensory organs, epi…
pre-embryonic Stage
Embryonic stage
Embryonic stage
ectoderm
This stage of development lasts from c…
pre-embryonic Stage
This stage of development occurs from…
Embryonic stage
34 terms
Cognitive Neuroscience Chapter 5
Medial Geniculate Nucleus
Multisensory Integration
Inferior Colliculus
Primary Auditory Cortex
A collection of cell bodies in the medial portion of the thal…
The integration of information from more than one sensory mod…
A part of the midbrain that is involved in auditory processing
The initial cortical processing area of he auditory system
Medial Geniculate Nucleus
A collection of cell bodies in the medial portion of the thal…
Multisensory Integration
The integration of information from more than one sensory mod…
Behavioral Neuroscience Chapter 5
Otto Loewi
Acetylcholine
neurotransmitter
electron microscope
scientist who discovered the roles of the vagus nerve and the…
activates skeletal muscles in the somatic nervous system; exc…
chemical released by a neuron onto a target with an excitator…
machine that projects a beam of electrons through a very thin…
Otto Loewi
scientist who discovered the roles of the vagus nerve and the…
Acetylcholine
activates skeletal muscles in the somatic nervous system; exc…
Behavioral Neuroscience Chapter 5
Mitochondrial DNA (mDNA)
Central Dogma
Genotype
Gene
Originates only from mother; round structure
DNA -> RNA -> Proteins
Genetic composition of an organism
A functional hereditary unit of DNA that occupies a fixed loc…
Mitochondrial DNA (mDNA)
Originates only from mother; round structure
Central Dogma
DNA -> RNA -> Proteins
108 terms
Neuroscience 3000 chapter 5
synaptic transmission
why can action potentials propagate wi…
electrical synapses
chemical synapses
the process of information transfer at a synapse
because the axonal membrane is excitable and has voltage-gate…
-their existence was proven by 1959 by Edwin Furshpan and Dav…
-chemical neurotransmitters transfer information from one neu…
synaptic transmission
the process of information transfer at a synapse
why can action potentials propagate wi…
because the axonal membrane is excitable and has voltage-gate…
Chapter 5 Cognitive Neuroscience
What creates the perception of motion?
What are CONSTRUCTED?
Why did the celebrity faces become "ug…
What type of properties does this ugly…
Various, specific cells
Perceptual systems
- Brain exaggerates features
Metric properties
What creates the perception of motion?
Various, specific cells
What are CONSTRUCTED?
Perceptual systems
158 terms
Intro to Neuroscience Chapter 5
What was the ironic case of Professor P?
Contrast X-rays
Cerebral angiography
Why does cerebral angiography help in…
Had a brain tumor on right auditory-vestibular cranial nerve;…
Inject a substance that absorbs x-rays less/more than surroun…
Infuse radio-opaque dye into cerebral artery to visualize cer…
The displacement of the blood vessels from their normal posit…
What was the ironic case of Professor P?
Had a brain tumor on right auditory-vestibular cranial nerve;…
Contrast X-rays
Inject a substance that absorbs x-rays less/more than surroun…
Cognitive Neuroscience Chapter 5
Pick's disease
Damage to the brain can produce select…
Transparency
Reversible functional lesions
The medical diagnosis in the preponderance of cases of semant…
The fractionation assumption holds that:
The _ assumption is less likely to be violated in adult relat…
Scopolamine is a pharmacological agent that is often employed…
Pick's disease
The medical diagnosis in the preponderance of cases of semant…
Damage to the brain can produce select…
The fractionation assumption holds that:
Cognitive Neuroscience Chapter 5
Memory
Long-term memory (weight-based memory)
Declarative memory (explicit memory)
episodic memory
the internal repository of stored information, relies on a se…
information that is acquired in the course of an experience a…
forms of long-term memory that can ordinarily be consciously…
-the memory of events in our own personal past... -the consciou…
Memory
the internal repository of stored information, relies on a se…
Long-term memory (weight-based memory)
information that is acquired in the course of an experience a…
40 terms
Neuroscience chapter 5
Imaging techniques (4)
Computerized Tomography (CT scan)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI scan)
Problem with CT and MRI
- CT scan... - PET scan... - MRI... - fMRI
- Computer assisted 3-D X-ray used to see brain... - Image is ba…
- Passes a strong magnetic current through tissue... - Image is…
- Can only investigate brain structure, but not brain function
Imaging techniques (4)
- CT scan... - PET scan... - MRI... - fMRI
Computerized Tomography (CT scan)
- Computer assisted 3-D X-ray used to see brain... - Image is ba…
60 terms
Chapter 5 Cognitive Neuroscience
action tremor
akinesia
alien limb syndrome
anterior cingulate cortex
Staggered, jerky, and zigzag motion that occurs during the pe…
Inability to initiate spontaneous movement.
Rare disorder of motor function in which patients feel as if…
Brain region located above the corpus callosum and below the…
action tremor
Staggered, jerky, and zigzag motion that occurs during the pe…
akinesia
Inability to initiate spontaneous movement.
Neuroscience Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Cell Body
Cytoplasm
Axon
Dendrites
the compact area of a nerve cell that constitutes the nucleus…
Substances present within the cellular plasma but external to…
Neuronal process capable of conducting neuronal impulses to o…
cellular processes that receive impulses from other cells
Cell Body
the compact area of a nerve cell that constitutes the nucleus…
Cytoplasm
Substances present within the cellular plasma but external to…
Neuroscience Chapter 5
synaptic transmission
electrical synapses
gap junctions
synaptic cleft
the process of information transfer at a synapse
allow direct transfer of ionic current from one cell t the next
occur between cells in nearly every part of the body and inte…
separates presynaptic and postsynaptic membranes
synaptic transmission
the process of information transfer at a synapse
electrical synapses
allow direct transfer of ionic current from one cell t the next
Neuroscience Chapter 5
synaptic transmission
electrical synapse
chemical synapse
gap junction
process of information transfer at a synapse
allows the direct transfer of ionic (electrical) current from…
chemical neurotransmitters transfer information from one neur…
narrow gap between two cells is spanned by protein channels (…
synaptic transmission
process of information transfer at a synapse
electrical synapse
allows the direct transfer of ionic (electrical) current from…
Neuroscience Chapter 5
Epinephrine
Norepinephrine
Electron Microscope
Presynaptic Membrane (axon terminal)
Adrenaline
nor adrenaline; accelerates heart rate
Projects a beam of electrons
Where the action potential terminates to release a chemical m…
Epinephrine
Adrenaline
Norepinephrine
nor adrenaline; accelerates heart rate
48 terms
NEUROSCIENCE CHAPTER 5
synaptic termination
electrical synapse
chemical synapse
gap junction
The process of transferring information from one cell to anot…
A synapse in which electrical current flows directly from one…
A synapse in which presynaptic activity stimulates the releas…
A specialized junction where a narrow gap between two cells i…
synaptic termination
The process of transferring information from one cell to anot…
electrical synapse
A synapse in which electrical current flows directly from one…
Neuroscience Chapter 5
Ablation
Types of Ablation
Clinical use of Chemical Lesions
Microscopic Structure of Tissues
Removal or destruction of a portion of the brain, often to st…
- Electrical using inserted electrodes or chemical using inse…
Can stop dizzy spells in Meniere's disease
1) Perfusion to replace blood, usually with saline... 2) Fixativ…
Ablation
Removal or destruction of a portion of the brain, often to st…
Types of Ablation
- Electrical using inserted electrodes or chemical using inse…
Neuroscience - Chapter 5 terms
Experimental ablation
Lesion study
Sham lesion
Sterotaxic surgery
one of the most important research methods used to investigat…
an experiment in which part of the brain is damaged and the a…
a "placebo" procedure that duplicates all the steps of produc…
brain surgery using a stereotaxic apparatus to position an el…
Experimental ablation
one of the most important research methods used to investigat…
Lesion study
an experiment in which part of the brain is damaged and the a…
24 terms
Neuroscience Chapter 5
gap junction
connexon
electrical synapses
chemical synapses
electrical synapse; narrow gap between the pre and post synap…
formed by 6 connexins that form the pore for a gap junction
very fast transmission; PSPs
via neurotransmitters and receptors
gap junction
electrical synapse; narrow gap between the pre and post synap…
connexon
formed by 6 connexins that form the pore for a gap junction
neuroscience chapter 5
acetylcholine (ACh)
epinephrine (adrenaline)
norepinephrine
neurotransmitter
the 1st neurotransmitter discovered in the peripheral and cen…
chemical messanger that acts as a hormone to mobilize the bod…
chemical messenger found in the brain and the sympathetic div…
Chemical messengers that cross the synaptic gaps between neur…
acetylcholine (ACh)
the 1st neurotransmitter discovered in the peripheral and cen…
epinephrine (adrenaline)
chemical messanger that acts as a hormone to mobilize the bod…
45 terms
Neuroscience Chapter 5
Acetylcholine
Activating System
Alzheimer's Disease
Associative Learning
The first neurotransmitter discovered in the peripheral and c…
Neural pathways that coordinate brain activity through a sing…
Degenerative brain disorder related to aging that first appea…
Linkage of two or more unrelated stimuli to illicit a behavio…
Acetylcholine
The first neurotransmitter discovered in the peripheral and c…
Activating System
Neural pathways that coordinate brain activity through a sing…
Neuroscience Chapter 5
Korsakoff's syndrome
alcohol barbiturates and benzodiazepines
Medial forebrain bundle, ventral tegme…
damage to the pre frontal cortex
memory loss, motor problems; caused by alcohol abuse, NOT ass…
all influence the activity of GABA
Rats will inject drugs into these brain structures
cocaine addicts compulsive drug using behavior is a result of…
Korsakoff's syndrome
memory loss, motor problems; caused by alcohol abuse, NOT ass…
alcohol barbiturates and benzodiazepines
all influence the activity of GABA
Neuroscience Chapter 5 Terms
X-ray photograph
Contrast X-rays
Cerebral Angiography
Computed Tomography (CT) -structural
effective in characterizing internal structures that differ s…
injecting into one compartment of the body a substance that a…
uses the infusion of a radio-opaque dye into a cerebral arter…
computer-assisted X-ray that can be used to visualize the bra…
X-ray photograph
effective in characterizing internal structures that differ s…
Contrast X-rays
injecting into one compartment of the body a substance that a…
Neuroscience Chapter 5
synaptic transmission
electrical Synapse
Chemical Synapse
Gap Junctions
process of info transfer at a synapse
electrical current flowing from one neuron to the next, allow…
chemical neurotransmitters transfer into from one neuron to a…
occur between cells in nearly every part of the body and inte…
synaptic transmission
process of info transfer at a synapse
electrical Synapse
electrical current flowing from one neuron to the next, allow…
48 terms
Neuroscience chapter 5
synaptic transmission
electrical synapse
chemical synapse
gap junction
The process of transferring... information from one cell to anot…
A synapse in which electrical... current flows directly from one…
A synapse in which presynaptic... activity stimulates the releas…
A specialized junction where a narrow... gap between two cells i…
synaptic transmission
The process of transferring... information from one cell to anot…
electrical synapse
A synapse in which electrical... current flows directly from one…
64 terms
Neuroscience Chapter 5
synaptic transmission
chemical synapses
gap junctions
connexin
the process of information transfer at a synapse
a chemical in which presynaptic activity stimulates the relea…
a specialized junction where a narrow gap between two cells i…
special proteins that are clustered in the gap junctions
synaptic transmission
the process of information transfer at a synapse
chemical synapses
a chemical in which presynaptic activity stimulates the relea…
36 terms
Neuroscience Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Synaptic Transmission
Electrical Synapses
Chemical Synapses
Gap junctions
The process of information transfer at the synapse
Electric current flowing from one neuron to the next (bidirec…
Chemical neurotransmitters transfer information from one neur…
Specialized sites where electrical synapses occur
Synaptic Transmission
The process of information transfer at the synapse
Electrical Synapses
Electric current flowing from one neuron to the next (bidirec…
39 terms
Neuroscience chapter 5
experimental ablation
lesion study
excitotoxic lesion
sham lesion
the removal of destruction of a portion of the brain of a lab…
a synonym for experimental ablation
a brain lesion produced by intracerebral injection of an exci…
a "placebo" procedure that duplicates allthe steps of produci…
experimental ablation
the removal of destruction of a portion of the brain of a lab…
lesion study
a synonym for experimental ablation
Neuroscience Chapter 5
synaptic transmission
electrical synapse
chemical synapse
gap junction
the process of transferring information from one cell to anot…
a synapse in which electrical current flows directly from one…
a synapse in which presynaptic activity stimulates the releas…
a specialized junction in which a narrow gap between two cell…
synaptic transmission
the process of transferring information from one cell to anot…
electrical synapse
a synapse in which electrical current flows directly from one…
48 terms
Neuroscience Chapter 5
synaptic transmission
electrical synapse
chemical synapse
gap junction
the process of transferring information from one cell to anot…
a synapse in which electrical current flows directly from one…
a synapse in which presynaptic activity stimulates the releas…
a specialized junction where a narrow gap between two cells i…
synaptic transmission
the process of transferring information from one cell to anot…
electrical synapse
a synapse in which electrical current flows directly from one…
39 terms
Behavioral Neuroscience Chapter 5
Experimental Ablation
Lesion Study
Excitotoxic Lesion
Sham Lesion
The removal or destruction of a portion of the brain of a lab…
A synonym for experimental ablation.
A brain lesion produced by intracerebral injection of an exci…
A "placebo" procedure that duplicates all the steps of produc…
Experimental Ablation
The removal or destruction of a portion of the brain of a lab…
Lesion Study
A synonym for experimental ablation.
67 terms
Neuroscience Chapter 5
Synaptic integration
Quantal release of neurotransmitters
Miniature postsynaptic potential
Quantal analysis
When multiple synaptic potentials combine in one post synapti…
The lowest unit of neurotransmitter released in one vesicle,…
Size of the postsynaptic response to minimal release of neuro…
Comparison of amperage of miniature postsynaptic potential an…
Synaptic integration
When multiple synaptic potentials combine in one post synapti…
Quantal release of neurotransmitters
The lowest unit of neurotransmitter released in one vesicle,…
102 terms
Neuroscience Chapter 5
What are X-rays substantial in doing?
Contrast X-ray techniques
What is cerebral angiography an exampl…
Cerebral Angiography
characterizing internal structures that differ largely from t…
involve injecting into one compartment of the body a substanc…
contrast x-ray techniques
uses the infusion of a radio-opaque dye into a cerebral arter…
What are X-rays substantial in doing?
characterizing internal structures that differ largely from t…
Contrast X-ray techniques
involve injecting into one compartment of the body a substanc…
Neuroscience Chapter 5
what experiment did Otto Loewi do in 1…
acetylcholine is the first neurotransm…
what 2 neurotransmitters were found su…
epinephrine
frog heart experiment where the vagus nerve is stimulated and…
sns - activates skeletal muscles... ans - may excite or inhibit…
epinephrine/adrenaline and norepinephrine
chemical messenger that acts as a hormone to mobilize fight o…
what experiment did Otto Loewi do in 1…
frog heart experiment where the vagus nerve is stimulated and…
acetylcholine is the first neurotransm…
sns - activates skeletal muscles... ans - may excite or inhibit…
34 terms
Cognitive Neuroscience Chapter 5
achromatopsia
akinetopsia
area MT
area V4
a selective disorder of color perception resulting from a les…
a selective disorder of motion perception resulting from a le…
a region in the visual cortex containing cells that are highl…
a region in the visual cortex containing cells that are thoug…
achromatopsia
a selective disorder of color perception resulting from a les…
akinetopsia
a selective disorder of motion perception resulting from a le…
48 terms
Neuroscience Chapter 5
Ventricles
4 ventricles
Lateral venticles
5 parts of lateral ventricle
Hollow core of embryonic neural tube... lined with ependymal cells
Lateral ... 3rd... 4th
C shaped ... go through all lobes except limbic
Anterior horn... Posterior horn... Inferior horn... Trigone... Body
Ventricles
Hollow core of embryonic neural tube... lined with ependymal cells
4 ventricles
Lateral ... 3rd... 4th
62 terms
Neuroscience chapter 5
nerve cell
what do more than 15 to 20 billion ner…
the CNS consists of these two types of…
how do the nerve cells in the CNS driv…
basic functional unit in the central nervous system
nerve impulses
neurons and neuroglia
through excitatory and inhibitory impulses
nerve cell
basic functional unit in the central nervous system
what do more than 15 to 20 billion ner…
nerve impulses
65 terms
Neuroscience Exam 1 (Chapter 5)
Sensation
Perception
Two types of perception
Bottom up perception
- Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding…
The process of selecting, organizing, creating/interpreting m…
1. bottom up... 2. top down
creating meaning starting from sensory information
Sensation
- Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding…
Perception
The process of selecting, organizing, creating/interpreting m…
28 terms
Neuroscience - Chapter 5
Describe the cycle of use of neurotran…
What is a gap junction?
Name two characteristics of electrical…
What is the general purpose of electri…
1) synthesis and packing into vesicles... 2) release from the pr…
- precisely aligned, paired channels (hexameric complexes for…
- can be bidirectional... - passive current flow through the jun…
- to synchronize electrical activity among populations of neu…
Describe the cycle of use of neurotran…
1) synthesis and packing into vesicles... 2) release from the pr…
What is a gap junction?
- precisely aligned, paired channels (hexameric complexes for…
Neuroscience Chapter 5
What is meant by quantal release of ne…
The elementary unit of a neurotransmit…
The amplitude of postsynaptic EPSP is…
Nicotonic ACh receptors are permeable to
- The total amount of transmitter released is a multiple of t…
The content of one synaptic vesicle
the response to the contents of one vesicle
both sodium and potassium
What is meant by quantal release of ne…
- The total amount of transmitter released is a multiple of t…
The elementary unit of a neurotransmit…
The content of one synaptic vesicle
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