How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "neuroscience"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "neuroscience"

Neuroscience
Neurons
Dendrites
Axon
Myelin sheath
Nerve cells
Parts of neurons that receive messages and conduct impulses t…
Extension of a neuron through which messages pass to other ne…
layer of fatty tissue encasing the fibers of many neurons; sp…
Neurons
Nerve cells
Dendrites
Parts of neurons that receive messages and conduct impulses t…
9 terms
Neuroscience
consistency
innovation
phenomenon
transmission
n. absence of contradictions; uniformity; degree of thickness…
(n.) something new, a change; the act of introducing a new me…
n. an occurrence that can be perceived by the senses; a remar…
n. the act or process by which something is spread or passed…
consistency
n. absence of contradictions; uniformity; degree of thickness…
innovation
(n.) something new, a change; the act of introducing a new me…
92 terms
neuroscience
astrocytes
oligodendrocytes
microglial
synaptic vesicles
maintain chemical enviornment for neuronal signaling; control…
lay myelin around axons
phagocytes- remove debris; secrete signaling molecules to mod…
(in the presynaptic terminal) organelles filled with neurotra…
astrocytes
maintain chemical enviornment for neuronal signaling; control…
oligodendrocytes
lay myelin around axons
31 terms
Neuroscience
Neurology
Biology
Biochemistry
Chemistry
Neurología
biología
Bioquímica
Química
Neurology
Neurología
Biology
biología
10 terms
Neuroscience
Backward
Retrospect
Bewilderment
Abstract
toward the back or rear.
contemplation of the past; a survey of past time, events, etc.
State of confusion
thought of apart from concrete realities, specific objects, o…
Backward
toward the back or rear.
Retrospect
contemplation of the past; a survey of past time, events, etc.
157 terms
Neuroscience
Cerebrum
Corpus Callosum
Cerebral Cortex
Frontal Lobe
The largest part of the human brain... Is associated with high…
Is what bridges the two hemispheres of the cerebrum together…
The outermost layer of the cerebrum... Also known as *grey mat…
Is responsible for initiating and... *coordinating motor movemen…
Cerebrum
The largest part of the human brain... Is associated with high…
Corpus Callosum
Is what bridges the two hemispheres of the cerebrum together…
157 terms
Neuroscience
Cerebrum
Corpus Callosum
Cerebral Cortex
Frontal Lobe
The largest part of the human brain... Is associated with high…
Is what bridges the two hemispheres of the cerebrum together…
The outermost layer of the cerebrum... Also known as *grey mat…
Is responsible for initiating and... *coordinating motor movemen…
Cerebrum
The largest part of the human brain... Is associated with high…
Corpus Callosum
Is what bridges the two hemispheres of the cerebrum together…
318 terms
Neuroscience
Spinal Cord - Brain stem... rostral:... caud…
Brain stem - Cortex... rostral:... caudal:…
Dorsal horn
Ventral horn
- toward the head... - toward the coccyx ... - anterior/towards the…
- towards the nose... - toward the back of the head... - toward the…
- sensory relay neurons that receive input from periphery
- groups of motor neurons and interneurons that regulate moto…
Spinal Cord - Brain stem... rostral:... caud…
- toward the head... - toward the coccyx ... - anterior/towards the…
Brain stem - Cortex... rostral:... caudal:…
- towards the nose... - toward the back of the head... - toward the…
7 terms
Neuroscience
Neuroscience
Neuron
Glial cells
Dendrites
Interdisciplinary field studying how biological processes rel…
Nerve cell that processes and transmits information; basic bu…
Cells that provide structural,nutritional, and other support…
Branching neuron structures that receive neural impulses from…
Neuroscience
Interdisciplinary field studying how biological processes rel…
Neuron
Nerve cell that processes and transmits information; basic bu…
63 terms
Neuroscience
Neuron
Dendrites
Axon
Myelin
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
Branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive…
A threadlike extension of a neuron that carries nerve impulse…
A layer of fatty tissue segmentally encasing the fibers of ma…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
Dendrites
Branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive…
324 terms
Neuroscience
nervous system (2 parts)
autonomic
somatic
Collection of axons = ... "______" are fo…
central --> brain and spinal chord... peripheral --> autonomic…
involuntary... --> sympathetic = "fight or flight"... --> parasympa…
voluntary... --> sensory nerves... --> motor nerves
nerves; tracts
nervous system (2 parts)
central --> brain and spinal chord... peripheral --> autonomic…
autonomic
involuntary... --> sympathetic = "fight or flight"... --> parasympa…
189 terms
Neuroscience
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Top section of vertebrae (C1-C8 nerves)
Second section of vertebrae (T1-T12 ne…
Brain, spinal cord
Autonomic ganglia, sensory ganglia, special sensory organs, e…
Cervical Vertebrae
Thoracic Vertebrae
Central Nervous System
Brain, spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Autonomic ganglia, sensory ganglia, special sensory organs, e…
163 terms
Neuroscience
Six major divisions of the CNS
Components of the brainstem
Cerebral Hemispheres
Diencephalon
1. Cerebral Hemispheres... 2. Diencephalon... 3. Midbrain... 4. Pons a…
The brainstem is the portion of the brain that lies between t…
controls muscle functions and also controls speech, thought,…
composed of thalamus (conveys sensory input to hemispheres) a…
Six major divisions of the CNS
1. Cerebral Hemispheres... 2. Diencephalon... 3. Midbrain... 4. Pons a…
Components of the brainstem
The brainstem is the portion of the brain that lies between t…
124 terms
Neuroscience
Forebrain is made up of the
Name parts of the diencephalon
Name parts of the brainstem
Name 3 major structures of basal ganglia
cerebral hemisphere and diencephalon
thalamus, hypothalamus, epithalamus & subthalamus
midbrain, pons & medulla
Caudate nucleus, putamen & globus pallidus
Forebrain is made up of the
cerebral hemisphere and diencephalon
Name parts of the diencephalon
thalamus, hypothalamus, epithalamus & subthalamus
135 terms
Neuroscience
Nervous system
Neuron structure
Axon
Axon hillock
includes all of the neural tissues in the body; neural tissue…
the neuron is an elongated cell conssiting of several dendrit…
a typically long extension, or process, of a neuron that carr…
the conical region of a neuron's axon where it joins the cell…
Nervous system
includes all of the neural tissues in the body; neural tissue…
Neuron structure
the neuron is an elongated cell conssiting of several dendrit…
112 terms
Neuroscience
Totipotent
Pluripotent
Multipotent
Morula
Cells which has the capability of differentiating into any ce…
Cells that are capable of developing into most, but not all,…
Cells that can develop into mores than one type of cell but a…
A solid ball of cells resulting from division of a fertiliser…
Totipotent
Cells which has the capability of differentiating into any ce…
Pluripotent
Cells that are capable of developing into most, but not all,…
10 terms
Neuroscience
Stimuli
Neurons
Dendrites
Axons
Anything that causes a response in the body
Nerve cells
Receive impulses from other neurons
Send impulses to other neurons
Stimuli
Anything that causes a response in the body
Neurons
Nerve cells
107 terms
Neuroscience
Neuroscience
Neural communication
Broca's area
Wernicke's area
Neuro-psychology: exploring the relationships between the bra…
We are a biopsychosocial system
The left frontal lobe of the brain. Paul Broca (1861) perform…
Left temporal lobe, subject to the ability to understand lang…
Neuroscience
Neuro-psychology: exploring the relationships between the bra…
Neural communication
We are a biopsychosocial system
104 terms
Neuroscience
Neuron
Synapse
Neurotransmitter
Action Potential
A nerve cell and the building block of the nervous system
The junction (space) between the axon of one neuron and the d…
Chemicals that carry messages across the synapse from one neu…
Action takes place due to positively charged ions rushing int…
Neuron
A nerve cell and the building block of the nervous system
Synapse
The junction (space) between the axon of one neuron and the d…
69 terms
Neuroscience
Astrocytes
oligodendrocytes
Ependymal cells
microglial cells
create a barrier
create the myelin sheath
create lining
clean up dead cells
Astrocytes
create a barrier
oligodendrocytes
create the myelin sheath
113 terms
Neuroscience
Structuralism
Introspection
Functionalism
Gestalt Theory
An approach to psychology asked on the idea that conscious ex…
A systematic examination of subjective mental experiences tha…
An approach to psychology concerned with the adaptive purpose…
A theory based on the idea that the whole of personal experie…
Structuralism
An approach to psychology asked on the idea that conscious ex…
Introspection
A systematic examination of subjective mental experiences tha…
65 terms
Neuroscience
Psychology
Neurons
Nervous system
Neural impulse
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Building blocks of nervous system
our bodies major communication center
electrical signal traveling down the axon
Psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Neurons
Building blocks of nervous system
42 terms
Neuroscience
Terms to describe orientations of brai…
Organisation of the nervous system
Two main divisions of nervous system
Cross section spinal cord
Medial-Lateral... Anterior-Posterior (rostal-caudal)... Ventral-Dor…
Central nervous system (CNS) which consists of brain and spin…
Terms to describe orientations of brai…
Medial-Lateral... Anterior-Posterior (rostal-caudal)... Ventral-Dor…
Organisation of the nervous system
24 terms
neuroscience
Describe the anatomical relationships…
List/name the 12 cranial nerves
Describe the anatomical relationships…
Describe the basic location and the re…
Falx cerebri - reflections between the 2 cerebral hemispheres…
look at photo
Tentorial Notch is a "triangular opening in the tentorial cer…
Describe the anatomical relationships…
Falx cerebri - reflections between the 2 cerebral hemispheres…
List/name the 12 cranial nerves
look at photo
71 terms
Neuroscience
What are the 2 systems in the nervous…
peripheral nervous system
autonomic nervous system:
sympathetic vs parasympathetic
central nervous system and peripheral nervous system
- sensory nerves... - motor nerves... - autonomic nervous system:
- controls many non-voluntary oddly functions... - digestion, h…
- sympathetic: action for emergencies... - parasympathetic: rest…
What are the 2 systems in the nervous…
central nervous system and peripheral nervous system
peripheral nervous system
- sensory nerves... - motor nerves... - autonomic nervous system:
85 terms
neuroscience
sagittal
coronal
horizontal
dorsal
cut of brain from middle of forehead to back of head
from top down, right through the center
like taking top half of head off
top of head
sagittal
cut of brain from middle of forehead to back of head
coronal
from top down, right through the center
189 terms
Neuroscience
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Top section of vertebrae (C1-C8 nerves)
Second section of vertebrae (T1-T12 ne…
Brain, spinal cord
Autonomic ganglia, sensory ganglia, special sensory organs, e…
Cervical Vertebrae
Thoracic Vertebrae
Central Nervous System
Brain, spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Autonomic ganglia, sensory ganglia, special sensory organs, e…
33 terms
neuroscience
neural communication
all-or-none
reuptake
myelin sheath
-polarized neuron (-70 mV)... -threshold... -action potential/all o…
A law about nerve impulses stating that when depolarization r…
excess neurotransmitter molecules are reabsorbed by the sendi…
insulates motor neurons, fatty tissue, speed, linked with int…
neural communication
-polarized neuron (-70 mV)... -threshold... -action potential/all o…
all-or-none
A law about nerve impulses stating that when depolarization r…
58 terms
Neuroscience
Biological Perspective
Neuron
Dendrites
Axon
Concerned with the links between biology and behavior
Or nerve cell, is the basic building block of the nervous sys…
Dendrites of a neuron are the bushy, branching extensions tha…
The axon of a neuron is the extension that sends impulses to…
Biological Perspective
Concerned with the links between biology and behavior
Neuron
Or nerve cell, is the basic building block of the nervous sys…
63 terms
Neuroscience
temporal lobe location
temporal lobe function
parietal lobe location
parietal lobe function
temples
auditory cortex, language comprehension, pitch discrimination
top of head
spacial navigation, touch
temporal lobe location
temples
temporal lobe function
auditory cortex, language comprehension, pitch discrimination
40 terms
Neuroscience
biological psychology
neuron
dendrite
axon
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
the extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
biological psychology
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
83 terms
Neuroscience
What is the central nervous system?
What is the peripheral nervous system?
Name the cerebral lobes.
What are the functions of the frontal…
Includes the brain and the spinal cord
includes the cranial nerves, spinal nerves, autonomic nervous…
frontal, parietal, temporal, occipital, insula
Involved in executive planning and functioning. The frontal l…
What is the central nervous system?
Includes the brain and the spinal cord
What is the peripheral nervous system?
includes the cranial nerves, spinal nerves, autonomic nervous…
71 terms
Neuroscience
What are the 2 systems in the nervous…
peripheral nervous system
autonomic nervous system:
sympathetic vs parasympathetic
central nervous system and peripheral nervous system
- sensory nerves... - motor nerves... - autonomic nervous system:
- controls many non-voluntary oddly functions... - digestion, h…
- sympathetic: action for emergencies... - parasympathetic: rest…
What are the 2 systems in the nervous…
central nervous system and peripheral nervous system
peripheral nervous system
- sensory nerves... - motor nerves... - autonomic nervous system:
103 terms
Neuroscience
Nernst equation
Name the equilibrium potential for:... 1.…
What effect does a rise in [Ca2+]i cau…
For fast anterograde transport, which…
1. +52mV... 2. -91mV... 3. -78mV... 4. +150mV
Activates a complex of proteins in the terminal which cause s…
a.
Nernst equation
Name the equilibrium potential for:... 1.…
1. +52mV... 2. -91mV... 3. -78mV... 4. +150mV
105 terms
Neuroscience*
What are 4 differentials that have the…
Tabes dorsalis (tertiary syphilis) in…
How is "Poliomyelitis" different from…
Aneurysm of which vessel would lead to…
- Tabes dorsalis (tertiary syphilis)... - Brown sequard... - Subacu…
Argyll-Robertson Pupil
Poliomyelitis - LMN disease at Anterior Horn due to infection…
PCA on the RIGHT.... "CN 3 courses between the PCA and the SCA…
What are 4 differentials that have the…
- Tabes dorsalis (tertiary syphilis)... - Brown sequard... - Subacu…
Tabes dorsalis (tertiary syphilis) in…
Argyll-Robertson Pupil
200 terms
Neuroscience
Gray Matter Consists of:
White Matter consists of:
Sympathetic Nervous System:
Parasympathetic Nervous System:
Neuronal Cell bodies
Long axons that run up and down spinal cord
Fight or Flight. Energetic Action
Rest and Digest. Restorative Function
Gray Matter Consists of:
Neuronal Cell bodies
White Matter consists of:
Long axons that run up and down spinal cord
108 terms
Neuroscience
Neurosystem
Neurons
Soma
Dendrites
Neurons and Glia
Individual cells int he nervous system that receive, integrat…
cell body, contains the cell nucleus and much of the chemical…
Parts of the neuron specialized to receive information
Neurosystem
Neurons and Glia
Neurons
Individual cells int he nervous system that receive, integrat…
151 terms
Neuroscience
give an example of a noiceceptive and…
what are the key inputs to the somatos…
which ascending tract that is part of…
what is the most inportant neurotransm…
withdrawal reflex and tendon stretch reflex
from the VPL of the thalamus, which receives afferent supply…
Spinoparabrachial tract
glutamate
give an example of a noiceceptive and…
withdrawal reflex and tendon stretch reflex
what are the key inputs to the somatos…
from the VPL of the thalamus, which receives afferent supply…
24 terms
Neuroscience
Structure of Neuron
Synapse Structure
Functions of the parts of a neuron... 1.…
Synaptic cleft
1. control center of cell... 2. contains nucleus and chromosomes…
the space between neurons at a nerve synapse across which a n…
Structure of Neuron
Synapse Structure
47 terms
Neuroscience
Neuron
Cell Body
Dendrites
Axon
A long, thin cell of nerve tissue along which messages travel…
Keeps the neuron alive
Short fibers that receive messages
Small fibers that send messages to other neurons
Neuron
A long, thin cell of nerve tissue along which messages travel…
Cell Body
Keeps the neuron alive
14 terms
neuroscience
amygdala
pons
cerebellum
basal ganglia
杏仁核
橋腦
小腦
基底核
amygdala
杏仁核
pons
橋腦
99 terms
Neuroscience
Nervous system
Neuroscience
Biological psychology
Neuron
An extensive network of specialized cells that carries inform…
A branch of the life sciences that deals with the structure a…
Branch of neuroscience that focuses on the biological bases o…
The basic cell that makes up the nervous system and that rece…
Nervous system
An extensive network of specialized cells that carries inform…
Neuroscience
A branch of the life sciences that deals with the structure a…
10 terms
Neuroscience
synaptic vesicles
calcium
snare, tagmin, brevin
tag and trap others
Where are neurotransmitters stored?
When an action potential arrives, ___________ ion-channels op…
Three presynaptic proteins
What do presynaptic proteins do?
synaptic vesicles
Where are neurotransmitters stored?
calcium
When an action potential arrives, ___________ ion-channels op…
9 terms
Neuroscience
Motor Neuron
Sensory Neuron
Interneuron
Glial Cell vs Neuron
Input from brain. Output to muscles/glands
Input from external stimuli. Output internal impulses to CNS
Relays signals from afferent neurons to efferent neurons.
100 billion neurons. 10-50 times more glial cells
Motor Neuron
Input from brain. Output to muscles/glands
Sensory Neuron
Input from external stimuli. Output internal impulses to CNS
49 terms
Neuroscience
neuroscience
biological psychology
reductionism
materialism
the biology of the mind
an effort to understand the biological basis of psychology
understand things by taking them apart and studying the pieces.
the complexity of behavior can be understood in terms of the…
neuroscience
the biology of the mind
biological psychology
an effort to understand the biological basis of psychology
64 terms
Neuroscience
CT scan
PET scan
MRI scan
fMRI scan
Examines the brain by taking X-ray photographs that can revea…
Depicts brain activity by showing each brain area's consumpti…
Provide a detailed picture of the brain's soft tissue. Have a…
Reveal the brain's functioning as well as its structure - mos…
CT scan
Examines the brain by taking X-ray photographs that can revea…
PET scan
Depicts brain activity by showing each brain area's consumpti…
49 terms
Neuroscience
Dopamine
VTA, Nucleus Accumbens
DA
Dopamine, Serotonin
All drugs stimulate ________ release from the VTA to the Nucl…
All drugs stimulate dopamine release from the ________ to the…
The abbreviation for dopamine.
The operation of the nucleus accumbens is based chiefly on tw…
Dopamine
All drugs stimulate ________ release from the VTA to the Nucl…
VTA, Nucleus Accumbens
All drugs stimulate dopamine release from the ________ to the…
35 terms
Neuroscience
neuron
neural networks
presynaptic neuron
post synaptic neuron
the basic unit of processing and the building block of the br…
interconnected neural cell; neurons connected to lots of othe…
the neuron that is sending information
neuron that receives the message
neuron
the basic unit of processing and the building block of the br…
neural networks
interconnected neural cell; neurons connected to lots of othe…
37 terms
Neuroscience
Neuroscience
Neuron
Sensory Neuron
Motor Neuron
The study of the nervous system, especially the brain
Highly specialized cell that communicates information in elec…
Type of neuron that conveys information to the brain from spe…
Type of neuron that signals muscles to relax or contract
Neuroscience
The study of the nervous system, especially the brain
Neuron
Highly specialized cell that communicates information in elec…
15 terms
Neuroscience
the structure of a neuron
neurons
glial cells
dendrites
neurons... glial cells... dendrites... cell body... axon... axon terminals... m…
responsible for information transmission throughout the nervo…
helps keep neurons healthy... "schwann cell"
fibers that project out of the cell body like the branches of…
the structure of a neuron
neurons... glial cells... dendrites... cell body... axon... axon terminals... m…
neurons
responsible for information transmission throughout the nervo…
1 of 10