Study sets matching "neuroscience"

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Study sets matching "neuroscience"

Neuroscience
neurons
neurotransmission
neural circuits
axon
cells specialized for transmission and conduction of electric…
process in which a substance s released by synaptic terminals…
a functional entity consisting of interconnected neurons that…
the neuronal process that carries the action potential from t…
neurons
cells specialized for transmission and conduction of electric…
neurotransmission
process in which a substance s released by synaptic terminals…
55 terms
Neuroscience
Forebrain (proencephalon)
Telencephalon
Nucleus dorsalis of Clarke (Rexed lami…
IML nucleus
Form: Telencephalon and diencephalon
Consists of the cerebral hemispheres and the basal nuclei. Th…
Rexed lamina VII... • found at the base of the posterior hom. ... •…
• contains the intermediolateral nucleus (column), a viscerom…
Forebrain (proencephalon)
Form: Telencephalon and diencephalon
Telencephalon
Consists of the cerebral hemispheres and the basal nuclei. Th…
43 terms
Neuroscience
Rostral to the mid-brain (Cerebral Hem…
Caudal to the mid-brain (Brain-stem)…
Define the terms Ipsilateral and Contr…
Somatic Nervous System
Dorsal: Towards the top of the head... Ventral: Toward the base…
Dorsal: Towards the back ... Ventral:Towards the belly... Rostral:…
Ipsilateral: On the same side with reference to a specific po…
Afferent and efferent components of all the peripheral nerves…
Rostral to the mid-brain (Cerebral Hem…
Dorsal: Towards the top of the head... Ventral: Toward the base…
Caudal to the mid-brain (Brain-stem)…
Dorsal: Towards the back ... Ventral:Towards the belly... Rostral:…
Neuroscience
ohmic channel
voltage channel
rectifying channel
potassium, sodium, chlorine
this channel shows a linear I-V curve, since voltage in propo…
this channels shows an exponential I-V curve
a voltage channel that acts to bring membrane potential towar…
three major ions involved in neurons
ohmic channel
this channel shows a linear I-V curve, since voltage in propo…
voltage channel
this channels shows an exponential I-V curve
49 terms
Neuroscience
dendrite
neuron
axon
myelin sheath
the bushy branch extension of a neuron that receive messages…
he extension of a neuron, ending in the terminal buttons, thr…
layer of fatty tissue segmentally encasing the fibers of many…
dendrite
the bushy branch extension of a neuron that receive messages…
neuron
40 terms
Neuroscience
sonic hedgehog
multiple sclerosis
Guillain Barre syndrome
body wall defects vs neural tube defects
- inducer from notochord to form neural tube
- body wall defects: increase AFP... - neural tube defects: incr…
sonic hedgehog
- inducer from notochord to form neural tube
multiple sclerosis
Neuroscience
Reticular theory
Neuron doctrine
Dendrites
Axons
Nervous system is a continuous cell network - proposed by Golgi
Nervous system made up of discrete cells called neurons - use…
Contain microtubules, but may have spines made of actin. Rece…
Propagate electrical signals - action potentials. Filled with…
Reticular theory
Nervous system is a continuous cell network - proposed by Golgi
Neuron doctrine
Nervous system made up of discrete cells called neurons - use…
NEUROSCIENCE
Three membranes (the dura mater, arach…
The Nervous System is divided into whi…
Which of the follow components of the…
Of the 3 anatomical planes, which plan…
MENINGES
PERIPHERAL; SPINAL; BRAINSTEM AND CEREBELLAR; CEREBRAL
POSTSYNAPTIC TERMINAL
CORONAL
Three membranes (the dura mater, arach…
MENINGES
The Nervous System is divided into whi…
PERIPHERAL; SPINAL; BRAINSTEM AND CEREBELLAR; CEREBRAL
92 terms
Neuroscience
Reticular Theory (Formation)
Who came up with Reticular Theory?
Neuron Doctrine
Who came up with it?
a network of neurons and axons that occupies the core of the…
Golgi
the concept that the nervous system is made up of discrete in…
discrete cells (Cajal) and synapses (Sherrington)
Reticular Theory (Formation)
a network of neurons and axons that occupies the core of the…
Who came up with Reticular Theory?
Golgi
16 terms
neuroscience
What does a neuron receive signals thr…
What do dendrites send signals through?
What enables faster transmission?
If combined received signals exceed a…
dendrites
axons
myelin sheath
threshold
What does a neuron receive signals thr…
dendrites
What do dendrites send signals through?
axons
Neuroscience
Functional vs. Structural plasticity
Neurogenesis & where it occurs
Medulla Oblongata *
Pons *
Functional Plasticity: ... -refers to the brain's ability to shi…
-The development of new neurons. ... -generally accepted that ma…
-Controls breathing, heartbeat, and other vital life function…
-Helps coordinate movements on left and right sides of body…
Functional vs. Structural plasticity
Functional Plasticity: ... -refers to the brain's ability to shi…
Neurogenesis & where it occurs
-The development of new neurons. ... -generally accepted that ma…
19 terms
Neuroscience
Abducens nerve
Accommodation
acetylcholine
Distal
cranial nerve VI, efferent nerve that controls the lateral re…
Dynamic changes in the lens of the eye that enable the viewer…
neurotransmitter at motor neuron synapses, in autonomic gangl…
further from trunk
Abducens nerve
cranial nerve VI, efferent nerve that controls the lateral re…
Accommodation
Dynamic changes in the lens of the eye that enable the viewer…
10 terms
Neuroscience
Nervous system
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous system (PNS)
Somatic nervous system
Made up of all the nerve cells - body's speedy electrochemica…
In the center... -brain... -spinal cord
Sensory / motor neurons... Connects the central nervous system t…
Controls body's skeletal muscles ... - dabbing, whip, nae nae
Nervous system
Made up of all the nerve cells - body's speedy electrochemica…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
In the center... -brain... -spinal cord
Neuroscience
Declarative memory
procedural memory
working memory
Dorsal visual stream
conscious, explicit, cognitive, requires attention, 3 stages-…
nonconscious or implicit, motor learning, 3 stages- cognitive…
central cognition, prefrontal and parietotemporal association…
action stream, from visual cortex to frontal lobe- goes throu…
Declarative memory
conscious, explicit, cognitive, requires attention, 3 stages-…
procedural memory
nonconscious or implicit, motor learning, 3 stages- cognitive…
Neuroscience
Oligodendrocyte
Glial Cell
Leukodystrophy
Sclerosis
are non-neuronal cells that maintain homeostasis, form myelin…
White/lack of/Growth
Scar
Oligodendrocyte
Glial Cell
are non-neuronal cells that maintain homeostasis, form myelin…
71 terms
Neuroscience
What are the 2 systems in the nervous…
peripheral nervous system
autonomic nervous system:
sympathetic vs parasympathetic
central nervous system and peripheral nervous system
- sensory nerves... - motor nerves... - autonomic nervous system:
- controls many non-voluntary oddly functions... - digestion, h…
- sympathetic: action for emergencies... - parasympathetic: rest…
What are the 2 systems in the nervous…
central nervous system and peripheral nervous system
peripheral nervous system
- sensory nerves... - motor nerves... - autonomic nervous system:
10 terms
Neuroscience
What is the neuron doctrine?... The nerv…
Neurons that receive and form synaptic…
Axon hillock is considered what functi…
Thin synaptic spines...... receive stabl…
The nervous system is comprised of individual cells.
Interneurons
Integrative
are motile and transient
What is the neuron doctrine?... The nerv…
The nervous system is comprised of individual cells.
Neurons that receive and form synaptic…
Interneurons
18 terms
Neuroscience
biological psychologists
neurons
dendrite
axon
people who study links between biology and behavior
nerve cells; basic building block of nervous system
bushy branchy extensions of a neuron that receive messages
extension of a neuron that sends messages away from the cell…
biological psychologists
people who study links between biology and behavior
neurons
nerve cells; basic building block of nervous system
29 terms
Neuroscience
Neuron
Sensory Neurons
Interneurons
Motor Neurons
Nerve cell; building block of nervous system
Take information from sense to the brain; pain is felt throug…
Take messages from the sensory neurons to motor neurons or to…
Take information from the brain to the rest of the body
Neuron
Nerve cell; building block of nervous system
Sensory Neurons
Take information from sense to the brain; pain is felt throug…
59 terms
Neuroscience
Neurons
glial cells (glia)
Dendrites
Cell body
Cells that transmit information within the nervous system. A…
Cells in the nervous system that comprise the support system…
Fibers projecting out of the cell body whose function is to r…
The part of the neuron that contains its nucleus and the othe…
Neurons
Cells that transmit information within the nervous system. A…
glial cells (glia)
Cells in the nervous system that comprise the support system…
121 terms
Neuroscience
Neuron
Dendrites
Axons
Myelin Sheath
Neural cells that transmit messages across synapses
Short fibers that extend from the cell body to receive signal…
Fibers of a neuron that carries signals away from the cell body
White fatty material that insulates and speeds neural transmi…
Neuron
Neural cells that transmit messages across synapses
Dendrites
Short fibers that extend from the cell body to receive signal…
158 terms
Neuroscience
Outermost meningeal layer
The three gyri of the temporal lobe
The three gyri of the frontal lobe
Primary motor cortex
Dura mater
Superior temporal, middle temporal, and inferior temporal
Superior frontal, middle frontal, and inferior frontal
Area 4 or Precentral gyrus
Outermost meningeal layer
Dura mater
The three gyri of the temporal lobe
Superior temporal, middle temporal, and inferior temporal
12 terms
Neuroscience
Dopamine
Serotonin
Endorphins
Acetylcholine
neurotransmitter associated with movement, attention and lear…
neurotransmitters that influence eating, sleeping, mood, depr…
neurotransmitters that give one a feeling of well-being, euph…
A neurotransmitter that enables learning and memory and also…
Dopamine
neurotransmitter associated with movement, attention and lear…
Serotonin
neurotransmitters that influence eating, sleeping, mood, depr…
94 terms
Neuroscience
resting potential
Depolarization
Repolarization
Hyperpolarization
Sodium potassium pump. Inside negative, outside positive. Mor…
sodium gated channel open. sodium goes in. charges change.
Sodium channels close. Potassium channels open. Potassium lea…
too much leaves. Makes inside super negative.
resting potential
Sodium potassium pump. Inside negative, outside positive. Mor…
Depolarization
sodium gated channel open. sodium goes in. charges change.
24 terms
Neuroscience
Axon
Dendrites
Axon terminal
Neuron
Long fiber that carries electric signals away from the cell b…
Extensions from the neuron cell body that bring information (…
The endpoint of a neuron where neurotransmitters are stored a…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Axon
Long fiber that carries electric signals away from the cell b…
Dendrites
Extensions from the neuron cell body that bring information (…
30 terms
NEUROSCIENCE
Pathology
CNS
Cerebral cortex
What is the goal of neuroscience?
The science of the causes and effects of diseases.
Brain and Spinal cord.
The outter layer of the cerebrum
To identify and explain the mechanisms the brain uses to acqu…
Pathology
The science of the causes and effects of diseases.
CNS
Brain and Spinal cord.
74 terms
Neuroscience
Is the inside of the cell negatively o…
What is the relative concentrations of…
Most widely distributed inhibitory tra…
Where are nicotinic and muscarinic rec…
The internal cellular environment is more negatively charged…
K inside the cell is high (5 mM outside, 140 mM inside)... Na ou…
GABA
Nicotinic: found in skeletal muscle and blocked by CURARE... Mus…
Is the inside of the cell negatively o…
The internal cellular environment is more negatively charged…
What is the relative concentrations of…
K inside the cell is high (5 mM outside, 140 mM inside)... Na ou…
Neuroscience
Which ion is responsible for the resti…
What ion rushes into the cell during d…
Frontal lobe functions (3)?
Parietal lobe functions (2)?
Potassium... Intracellular (K brought in, Na pumped out)
Na+... K+ is pumped out of the cell causing Na+ to close leading…
General reasoning and planning... Planning and execution of moto…
Sensory activity and recognition
Which ion is responsible for the resti…
Potassium... Intracellular (K brought in, Na pumped out)
What ion rushes into the cell during d…
Na+... K+ is pumped out of the cell causing Na+ to close leading…
158 terms
Neuroscience
Circadian Rhythm controls the release…
What is the sequence of events leading…
What are 4 differentials that have the…
How is "Poliomyelitis" different from…
1. ACTH... 2. Norepinephrine... 3. Prolactin... 4. Melatonin... "AM & PM…
Light --> Retina --> Suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) --> Norepi…
- Tabes dorsalis (tertiary syphilis)... - Brown sequard... - Subacu…
Poliomyelitis - LMN disease at Anterior Horn due to infection…
Circadian Rhythm controls the release…
1. ACTH... 2. Norepinephrine... 3. Prolactin... 4. Melatonin... "AM & PM…
What is the sequence of events leading…
Light --> Retina --> Suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) --> Norepi…
Neuroscience
What are the basic elements of the ner…
What are the two main parts of the cen…
What is the basic function of the thal…
What glands produce testosterone?
Neuron
brain and spinal cord
serving as a relay station for sensory stimulation
ovaries and testes
What are the basic elements of the ner…
Neuron
What are the two main parts of the cen…
brain and spinal cord
Neuroscience
Where is the Cerebellum
Function of the Cerebellum
Where is the Cerebrum
Function of the Cerebrum
coordinates messages from the spinal cord and limbs to modera…
The whole upper brain
oversees functions such as motor movement, sensory impulse, c…
Where is the Cerebellum
Function of the Cerebellum
coordinates messages from the spinal cord and limbs to modera…
137 terms
Neuroscience
Location of cranial nerve nuclei
oculomotor nucleus... - location... - lesion…
trochlear nucleus... - location... - lesion…
abducens nucleus... - location... - lesion d…
BRAINSTEM:... Midbrain (III, IV) ... Pons (V, VI, VII, VIII) ... Medul…
midbrain; eye deviation inferiorly and laterally (down & out)…
midbrain; weakness in depression of adducted eye; diplopia
pons; Inability to abduct the eye, medial deviation of the ey…
Location of cranial nerve nuclei
BRAINSTEM:... Midbrain (III, IV) ... Pons (V, VI, VII, VIII) ... Medul…
oculomotor nucleus... - location... - lesion…
midbrain; eye deviation inferiorly and laterally (down & out)…
82 terms
Neuroscience
Name the 3 functional neuron classes
Do afferent neurons generate action po…
Are motor neurons bipolar or multipolar?
What neurons are bipolar?
1) Sensory/afferent: towards CNS... 2)Motor/efferent: away from…
No,they generate action potentials towards the CNS. Motor/eff…
Multipolar
Sensory neurons in the retina eye and olfactory system
Name the 3 functional neuron classes
1) Sensory/afferent: towards CNS... 2)Motor/efferent: away from…
Do afferent neurons generate action po…
No,they generate action potentials towards the CNS. Motor/eff…
282 terms
Neuroscience
Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Ancient views... Greek... Roman... Egyptian
Da Vinci
All sciences that study the human nervous system and brain (e…
Scientific discipline to understand the biological bias of co…
Cognition and emotion have their roots in physical mechanisms…
started of with 3 cell theory, but improved anatomical drawin…
Neuroscience
All sciences that study the human nervous system and brain (e…
Cognitive Neuroscience
Scientific discipline to understand the biological bias of co…
Neuroscience
generator potentials
weber's law & graded potentials
free endings
example of specialised endings
produced by changes in the behaviour of non specific ion chan…
mechanoreceptors... relationship between stimulus and response i…
at peripheral ends sensory terminals may be attached to speci…
in the skin... - merkel's discs (slow) pressure.touch... - meissner…
generator potentials
produced by changes in the behaviour of non specific ion chan…
weber's law & graded potentials
mechanoreceptors... relationship between stimulus and response i…
127 terms
Neuroscience
pharmacokinetics
intravenous injection (IV)
intraperitoneal injection (IP)
peritoneal cavity
process by which drugs are absorbed, distributed within the b…
injection of a substance directly into a vein
injection of a substance into the peritoneal cavity... most com…
space that surrounds stomach, intestines, liver, and other ab…
pharmacokinetics
process by which drugs are absorbed, distributed within the b…
intravenous injection (IV)
injection of a substance directly into a vein
41 terms
Neuroscience
What is the anatomy of a neuron?
What is myelin?
What are glia?
What are oligodendrocytes?
The myelin sheath acts as an insulator that minimizes dissipa…
Glia guide neurons to their destinations, buffer ions and har…
glia cells that form myelin sheaths around neurons in the CNS…
What is the anatomy of a neuron?
What is myelin?
The myelin sheath acts as an insulator that minimizes dissipa…
23 terms
Neuroscience
Sensory neurons
Motor neurons
Communication neuron
Computation neuron
Tell the rest of the brain about the external and internal en…
Contract muscles and mediate behavior and other output neuron…
Transmit signals from one brain to another
Extract and process information to what's in memory and use i…
Sensory neurons
Tell the rest of the brain about the external and internal en…
Motor neurons
Contract muscles and mediate behavior and other output neuron…
14 terms
neuroscience
amygdala
pons
cerebellum
basal ganglia
杏仁核
橋腦
小腦
基底核
amygdala
杏仁核
pons
橋腦
47 terms
Neuroscience
Neuron
Cell Body
Dendrites
Axon
A long, thin cell of nerve tissue along which messages travel…
Keeps the neuron alive
Short fibers that receive messages
Small fibers that send messages to other neurons
Neuron
A long, thin cell of nerve tissue along which messages travel…
Cell Body
Keeps the neuron alive
10 terms
Neuroscience
synaptic vesicles
calcium
snare, tagmin, brevin
tag and trap others
Where are neurotransmitters stored?
When an action potential arrives, ___________ ion-channels op…
Three presynaptic proteins
What do presynaptic proteins do?
synaptic vesicles
Where are neurotransmitters stored?
calcium
When an action potential arrives, ___________ ion-channels op…
77 terms
Neuroscience
Neurons
Biological psychology
Cell body
Dendrites
Carries messages and information throughout the body, 100 bil…
Studies how the body influences mental and behavioral processes
Contains nucleus, cells life support center
Receives messages from other cells
Neurons
Carries messages and information throughout the body, 100 bil…
Biological psychology
Studies how the body influences mental and behavioral processes
neuroscience
astrocytes
oligodendrocytes
microglial
synaptic vesicles
maintain chemical enviornment for neuronal signaling; control…
lay myelin around axons
phagocytes- remove debris; secrete signaling molecules to mod…
(in the presynaptic terminal) organelles filled with neurotra…
astrocytes
maintain chemical enviornment for neuronal signaling; control…
oligodendrocytes
lay myelin around axons
8 terms
Neuroscience
Brain
Anatomy
Cortex
Cerebral
...
...
...
...
Brain
...
Anatomy
...
Neuroscience
sensory neurons
motor neurons
interneurons
dendrites
carry messages from tissues, senses and organs to brain and s…
carry outgoing information from the brain/spinal to muscles a…
neurons that process information between sensory input and mo…
receives message from other cells
sensory neurons
carry messages from tissues, senses and organs to brain and s…
motor neurons
carry outgoing information from the brain/spinal to muscles a…
44 terms
Neuroscience
dorsal
ventral
volatile
gustation
the back of the animal
being or located near or on the anterior or lower surface of…
unstable, (of a liquid) changing rapidly into vapour
taste
dorsal
the back of the animal
ventral
being or located near or on the anterior or lower surface of…
91 terms
Neuroscience
Nervous system
Neuron structure
Axon
Axon hillock
includes all of the neural tissues in the body; neural tissue…
the neuron is an elongated cell conssiting of several dendrit…
a typically long extension, or process, of a neuron that carr…
the conical region of a neuron's axon where it joins the cell…
Nervous system
includes all of the neural tissues in the body; neural tissue…
Neuron structure
the neuron is an elongated cell conssiting of several dendrit…
Neuroscience
1. L'électroencéphalographie (EEG) off…
2. L'effet d'une stimulation magnétiqu…
3. L'imagerie par résonance magnétique…
4. Avec la magnétoencéphalographie (ME…
Faux, l'EEG offre une excellente précision temporelle mais pa…
Vrai.
Faux, fonctionne grâce au champ magnétique produit par un app…
Faux, mesure les champs magnétiques induits par l'activité él…
1. L'électroencéphalographie (EEG) off…
Faux, l'EEG offre une excellente précision temporelle mais pa…
2. L'effet d'une stimulation magnétiqu…
Vrai.
30 terms
Neuroscience
autonomic nervous System
ANS is important in 3 situations/parts:
You are coming to class, and Dr. Pitts…
parasympathetic nervous System
Regulates functions of our internal organs (viscera)... Heart, s…
Fight or Flight (Sympathetic Nervous System)... Rest and Digest…
The sympathetic nervous system uses energy: blood pressure in…
The parasympathetic nervous system saves energy: blood pressu…
autonomic nervous System
Regulates functions of our internal organs (viscera)... Heart, s…
ANS is important in 3 situations/parts:
Fight or Flight (Sympathetic Nervous System)... Rest and Digest…
Neuroscience
Glial cells
Afferent and Efferent
Neurotransmission
Brainstem
Support neurons and communicate with other cells... 1. Schwann c…
Both are neurons; Afferent carry info from our sensory recept…
The way in which neurons communicate with each other... 1. Neuro…
The oldest evolutionary part of our brain and is in charge of…
Glial cells
Support neurons and communicate with other cells... 1. Schwann c…
Afferent and Efferent
Both are neurons; Afferent carry info from our sensory recept…
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