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Study sets matching "newborn prenatal development birth"

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Study sets matching "newborn prenatal development birth"

40 terms
Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn
Fertilization
Ovum
Ovulation
Gestational Age
The process by which a sperm penetrates an egg.
An unfertilized egg.
The release of a mature egg from an ovary.
The length of time since the conception of a developing organ…
Fertilization
The process by which a sperm penetrates an egg.
Ovum
An unfertilized egg.
19 terms
Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn
Zygote (weeks 1-2)
Embryo (weeks 3-8)
Cell division
Cell migration
fertilized egg; conception to implantation; rapid cell division
body parts are formed; differentiation of organs and organ sy…
begins 12 hours after fertilization and continues throughout…
cells more from point of origin to elsewhere in the embryo…
Zygote (weeks 1-2)
fertilized egg; conception to implantation; rapid cell division
Embryo (weeks 3-8)
body parts are formed; differentiation of organs and organ sy…
42 terms
Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn
Zygote period
Embryonic period
3 layers of Embryo... (Gastrulation proce…
Sexual dimorphism
Weeks 1-2... Ova and sperm mix... zygote/blastocyte= two layers w/…
weeks 3-8... proximodistal= trunk-outward... cephalocaudal= head-ta…
Ectoderm: nervous system, skin, neural tube first to develop…
male and female development... female is default
Zygote period
Weeks 1-2... Ova and sperm mix... zygote/blastocyte= two layers w/…
Embryonic period
weeks 3-8... proximodistal= trunk-outward... cephalocaudal= head-ta…
55 terms
Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn
Prenatal development
Zygote
Blastocyst
Implantation
the changes that transform a fertilized egg into a newborn hu…
a fertilized egg
a hollow ball of 100 cells 4 days after fertilization
blastocyst burrows into the uterine wall and establishes conn…
Prenatal development
the changes that transform a fertilized egg into a newborn hu…
Zygote
a fertilized egg
31 terms
Prenatal Development & Birth/Newborns
When the ovum is fertilized by sperm i…
Where does implantation occur?
How long does the period of the zygote…
When do the placenta and umbilical cor…
Conception
In the uterus
2 weeks
At the end of the 2nd week
When the ovum is fertilized by sperm i…
Conception
Where does implantation occur?
In the uterus
48 terms
Prenatal Development--> Birth--> Newborn Baby
Zygote
Blastocyst
Inner Cells of Blastocyst
Outer Cells of Blastocyst
as the zygote moves down the fallopian tube, it duplicates, a…
hollow, fluid-filled ball
aka embryonic disk--> becomes new organism
aka trophoblast--> provide protective covering
Zygote
as the zygote moves down the fallopian tube, it duplicates, a…
Blastocyst
hollow, fluid-filled ball
64 terms
Prenatal development, Birth and Newborn Baby
Prenatal development
conception
Period of zygote
implatation
...
-period of zygote... -period of the embryo... -period of the fetus
-last 2 weeks... zygote: zygote move down the fallopian tube, du…
- occurs between 7th and 9th day... -the blastocyst implant into…
Prenatal development
...
conception
-period of zygote... -period of the embryo... -period of the fetus
56 terms
Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn Baby
Ovum
Sperm
Ovaries
Fallopian tubes
tiny sphere, measuring 1/175 inch in diameter
measures 1/500 inch... may live up to 6 days in women body
two walnut-sized organs located deep inside the abdomen (wome…
Long, thin structures that lead to the hollow, soft-lined ute…
Ovum
tiny sphere, measuring 1/175 inch in diameter
Sperm
measures 1/500 inch... may live up to 6 days in women body
56 terms
Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn Baby
Ovum
Sperm
Ovaries
Fallopian tubes
tiny sphere, measuring 1/175 inch in diameter
measures 1/500 inch... may live up to 6 days in women body
two walnut-sized organs located deep inside the abdomen (wome…
Long, thin structures that lead to the hollow, soft-lined ute…
Ovum
tiny sphere, measuring 1/175 inch in diameter
Sperm
measures 1/500 inch... may live up to 6 days in women body
31 terms
Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn Baby
implantation
amnion
chorion
umbilical cord
between the seventh and ninth days; the blastocyst burrows de…
membranes that encloses the developing organism in amniotic f…
surrounds the amnion; from the chronion, tiny hairlike villi;…
connects placenta to developing organism; first appears as a…
implantation
between the seventh and ninth days; the blastocyst burrows de…
amnion
membranes that encloses the developing organism in amniotic f…
12 terms
Prenatal development,birth and the newborn infant
behavioural genetics
dominant trait
recessive trait
genotype
the study of the effects of heredity on behaviour and psychol…
the one trait that is expressed when two competing traits are…
a trait within an organism that is present but is not expressed
genetic material that is not observable
behavioural genetics
the study of the effects of heredity on behaviour and psychol…
dominant trait
the one trait that is expressed when two competing traits are…
38 terms
Prenatal Development, Birth, and Newborn Baby
Stage 1
Stage 2
Stage 3
Where does the birth take place
Dilation and effacement of the cervix; contractions are 15 to…
Pushing; baby's head starts to move through the cervix into t…
Delivery of the placenta
U.S. - 99% take place in the hospital and 1% in the home; oth…
Stage 1
Dilation and effacement of the cervix; contractions are 15 to…
Stage 2
Pushing; baby's head starts to move through the cervix into t…
56 terms
Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn Baby
Ovum
Sperm
Ovaries
Fallopian tubes
tiny sphere, measuring 1/175 inch in diameter
measures 1/500 inch... may live up to 6 days in women body
two walnut-sized organs located deep inside the abdomen (wome…
Long, thin structures that lead to the hollow, soft-lined ute…
Ovum
tiny sphere, measuring 1/175 inch in diameter
Sperm
measures 1/500 inch... may live up to 6 days in women body
29 terms
Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn Baby
Where does the egg implant?
When does conception result?
How long is pregnancy?
How many zygotes don't survive?
Lining of the uterus
3 day window on the day of ovulation and the 2 days preceding…
38 weeks
30%
Where does the egg implant?
Lining of the uterus
When does conception result?
3 day window on the day of ovulation and the 2 days preceding…
34 terms
Chapter 3 prenatal development, birth, and the newborn baby
age of viability
alcohol-related neurodevelopment disor…
amnion
anoxia
the age at which a baby can survive in the event of a prematu…
functional or mental problems linked to prenatal alcohol expo…
Innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus
deprivation of (state of being without) oxygen
age of viability
the age at which a baby can survive in the event of a prematu…
alcohol-related neurodevelopment disor…
functional or mental problems linked to prenatal alcohol expo…
32 terms
Chapter 3: Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn Baby
implantation
amnion
chorion
placenta
between the 7th and 9th days; the blastocyst burrows deep int…
that encloses the developing organism in amniotic fluid which…
surrounds the amnion in which tiny hairlike villi or blood ve…
brings the embryo's and mother's blood close together to perm…
implantation
between the 7th and 9th days; the blastocyst burrows deep int…
amnion
that encloses the developing organism in amniotic fluid which…
33 terms
Chapter 3: Prenatal Development, Birth, Newborn
Zygote
Blastocyst
Implantation
Germ Disc
Fertilized Egg. Implants self in wall of uterus
Zygote consists of 100 cells and resembles a hollow ball.
Blastocyst burrows into uterine wall, establishes connections…
Small cluster of cells near center of blastocyst. Eventually…
Zygote
Fertilized Egg. Implants self in wall of uterus
Blastocyst
Zygote consists of 100 cells and resembles a hollow ball.
26 terms
CHAPTER 3: PRENATAL DEVELOPMENT, BIRTH, AND THE NEWBORN BABY
Implantation
Amnion
Chorion
Neural tube
occurs when the blastocyst burrows deep into the uterine lini…
Innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus
Outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo;…
Formed when the neural folds meet at the midline and fuse. Wi…
Implantation
occurs when the blastocyst burrows deep into the uterine lini…
Amnion
Innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus
31 terms
Chapter 3: Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn Baby
Period of the Embryo
Sensitive Periods in Prenatal Developm…
Emotional Stress during pregnancy
Teratogens
Lasts from implantation through the 8th week of pregnancy... > A…
Each organ/structure has a sensitive period, during which its…
When women experience severe emotional stress during pregnanc…
Any environmental agent that causes damage during the prenata…
Period of the Embryo
Lasts from implantation through the 8th week of pregnancy... > A…
Sensitive Periods in Prenatal Developm…
Each organ/structure has a sensitive period, during which its…
33 terms
Chapter 3: Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn Baby
implantation
amnion
amniotic fluid
chorion
this occurs between the seventh and ninth days after concepti…
a membrane that is formed on the trophoblast and encloses the…
a substance that helps keep the temperature of the prenatal w…
a protective membrane which surrounds the amnion; from this m…
implantation
this occurs between the seventh and ninth days after concepti…
amnion
a membrane that is formed on the trophoblast and encloses the…
34 terms
Chapter 3 prenatal development, birth, and the newborn baby
age of viability
alcohol-related neurodevelopment disor…
amnion
anoxia
the age at which a baby can survive in the event of a prematu…
functional or mental problems linked to prenatal alcohol expo…
Innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus
deprivation of (state of being without) oxygen
age of viability
the age at which a baby can survive in the event of a prematu…
alcohol-related neurodevelopment disor…
functional or mental problems linked to prenatal alcohol expo…
93 terms
Chapter 3: Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn Baby
Ovaries
Fallopian Tubes
Corpus Luteum
Testes
Two walnut sized organs located deep inside the abdomen
Long, thin structures that lead to the hollow, soft-lined ute…
The spot on the ovary from which the ovum was released
Two glands located in the scrotum
Ovaries
Two walnut sized organs located deep inside the abdomen
Fallopian Tubes
Long, thin structures that lead to the hollow, soft-lined ute…
16 terms
Chapter 3 Prenatal Development, Birth, & the Newborn Baby
Conception
Placenta
Umbilical Cord
Embryo
After fertilization until implantation, 7th-9th days
food & oxygen
blood & removal of waste products
From implantation 8th week, & dev. for body & organs
Conception
After fertilization until implantation, 7th-9th days
Placenta
food & oxygen
42 terms
Development Overview Prenatal Developement, Birth, and the Newborn Baby
Stages of Childbirth
The Baby's Adaptation to Delivery
Apgar Scale
What is a babies most obvious organize…
(1) Dilation and effacement of the cervix, longest stage, 12-…
Stress hormones caused by the force of the contractions send…
Used to assess the infant's physical condition, based on 5 cr…
Reflexes.
Stages of Childbirth
(1) Dilation and effacement of the cervix, longest stage, 12-…
The Baby's Adaptation to Delivery
Stress hormones caused by the force of the contractions send…
38 terms
Chapter 4: Prenatal Development, Birth and the Newborn
Ovum
Ovulation
Germinal stage
Blastocyst
An unfertilized egg
The release of a mature egg from an ovary
The prenatal stage that lasts from conception to 2 weeks post…
A hollow ball of cells that consists of the inner cell mass,…
Ovum
An unfertilized egg
Ovulation
The release of a mature egg from an ovary
32 terms
Chapter 3: Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn Baby
implantation
amnion
chorion
placenta
between the 7th and 9th days; the blastocyst burrows deep int…
that encloses the developing organism in amniotic fluid which…
surrounds the amnion in which tiny hairlike villi or blood ve…
brings the embryo's and mother's blood close together to perm…
implantation
between the 7th and 9th days; the blastocyst burrows deep int…
amnion
that encloses the developing organism in amniotic fluid which…
62 terms
Chapter 3- Prenatal Development, Birth and the Newborn
Prenatal development
Period of the Zygote
Blastocyst
Implantation
-The changes that transform the fertilized egg into a newborn…
- weeks 1-2... -begins with fertilization and lasts about 2 week…
- during zygote period... - after about 4 days, the zygote compr…
- period of the zygote... - end of the first week, blastocyst bu…
Prenatal development
-The changes that transform the fertilized egg into a newborn…
Period of the Zygote
- weeks 1-2... -begins with fertilization and lasts about 2 week…
129 terms
Intro, theories, heredity, prenatal development, birth, newborn
Learning Perspectives
Psychoanalytic Perspectives
Cognitive Theories
Biological Perspective
Behaviorism and Social Cognitive Theory; Children learn how t…
Psychoanalytic approach; Psychosexual Development, Psychosoci…
Cognitive Developmental Theory, Information Processing Theory…
Ethology, Behavioral genetics, and Evolution; emphasizes natu…
Learning Perspectives
Behaviorism and Social Cognitive Theory; Children learn how t…
Psychoanalytic Perspectives
Psychoanalytic approach; Psychosexual Development, Psychosoci…
18 terms
chapter 3: Prenatal development, birth and the newborn baby
Stages of childbirth(3)
Baby's adaptation to labor/delivery
The apgar scale(4)... /10
Birth complications
1)Dilatation and effacement of cervix (contraction)... →4-14hou…
→High level od stress hormones:... -Help baby whistand oxygen de…
→ assessment done at 1 and 5 min... →determining abt how the bby…
→Anoxia: umbilical cord around bbys neck... →Breech position: He…
Stages of childbirth(3)
1)Dilatation and effacement of cervix (contraction)... →4-14hou…
Baby's adaptation to labor/delivery
→High level od stress hormones:... -Help baby whistand oxygen de…
26 terms
Chapter 5: Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn
Germinal period
Embryonic period
Ectoderm
Mesoderm
Through 2 weeks after conception... -Creation of the zygote... -11-…
-2-8 weeks after contraception... -Organogenesis ... -Critical peri…
Skin, sense organs, brain, and spinal chord
Muscles, blood, bones, and circulatory system
Germinal period
Through 2 weeks after conception... -Creation of the zygote... -11-…
Embryonic period
-2-8 weeks after contraception... -Organogenesis ... -Critical peri…
Chapter 3- Prenatal Development, Birth and the Newborn
3 Stages
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
Zygote, Embryo, Fetus
Begins when egg is fertilized in fallopian tube. Ends 2 weeks…
From 3-8 weeks after conception. Body parts are formed during…
From 9 weeks after conception t birth. Organ systems finish d…
3 Stages
Zygote, Embryo, Fetus
Zygote
Begins when egg is fertilized in fallopian tube. Ends 2 weeks…
27 terms
Chapter 3: Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn Baby
Teratogens
Milestones of Prenatal Development
Processes of Prenatal Development
Zygote Stage
Any environmental agent that causes damage during the prenata…
1. Zygote: Conception-2 weeks... 2. Embryo: 3 to 8 weeks... 3. Fet…
Cell division, cell migration, cell differentiation, and cell…
Weeks 0-2... Attaches to uterine wall and there is rapid cell di…
Teratogens
Any environmental agent that causes damage during the prenata…
Milestones of Prenatal Development
1. Zygote: Conception-2 weeks... 2. Embryo: 3 to 8 weeks... 3. Fet…
32 terms
Chapter 3 Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn Baby
How long does a woman's ovum live afte…
3 Periods of Prenatal Development
Zygote
Embryo
1 Day
Zygote, Embryo, Fetus
2 weeks... Fertilization, Implantation, and Start of Placenta
6 weeks... Groundwork laid for all body structures and internal…
How long does a woman's ovum live afte…
1 Day
3 Periods of Prenatal Development
Zygote, Embryo, Fetus
11 terms
Chapter 3: Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn
Teratogens
Period of the zygote (1st and 2nd week)
Embryonic period (implantation - 8th w…
Fetal period
Drugs: legal and illegal, Tobacco, Alcohol, Radiation, Enviro…
Stage in which teratogen damage is unlikely
Teratogens may cause major structural abnormalities in this p…
Teratogens may cause physiological defects and minor structur…
Teratogens
Drugs: legal and illegal, Tobacco, Alcohol, Radiation, Enviro…
Period of the zygote (1st and 2nd week)
Stage in which teratogen damage is unlikely
33 terms
Chapter 3 Prenatal development, birth & newborn
Stages of prenatal development
The zygote stage
The embryo stage
Placenta
1) The zygote stage... 2) The embryo stage... 3) The fetal period
-the developing organism from the time of the union of sperm…
2-8 week post conception... -common time for miscarriage ... - cons…
-Consists of a disk-shaped structure... - formed from uterus... - w…
Stages of prenatal development
1) The zygote stage... 2) The embryo stage... 3) The fetal period
The zygote stage
-the developing organism from the time of the union of sperm…
33 terms
Chapter 3: Prenatal Development, Birth & Newborn
Age of Viability
Alcohol Related Neurodevelopmental Dis…
Amnion
Anoxia
...
...
...
...
Age of Viability
...
Alcohol Related Neurodevelopmental Dis…
...
29 terms
CH 3 Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn Baby
Germinal Stage
Embryonic Stage
Fetus Stage
Organogenesis
Conception-2 weeks; fertilization, implantation, start of pla…
2-8 weeks; embryo, organogenesis, development of ectoderm, me…
8 weeks-birth; fetus, growth and finishing, you have a gender…
organs form during this
Germinal Stage
Conception-2 weeks; fertilization, implantation, start of pla…
Embryonic Stage
2-8 weeks; embryo, organogenesis, development of ectoderm, me…
35 terms
Ch. 3 Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn Baby
Implantation of blastocyte occurs on _…
Amnion
Chorion
Placenta
7th-9th day
Membrane enclosing the developing organism in amniotic fluid…
Another protective membrane that surround amnion... From it, vil…
Permits food and oxygen to reach organism and waste to be car…
Implantation of blastocyte occurs on _…
7th-9th day
Amnion
Membrane enclosing the developing organism in amniotic fluid…
Chapter 3: Prenatal Development, Birth, & the Newborn
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
5 Steps to a Healthy Baby
Fertilized egg that turns into a blastocyst(hollow ball of ce…
grows rapidly; most body parts formed.
Growth continues, most systems begin to function.
1. Regular check-ups 2. Healthy foods 3. Exercise 4. Adequate…
Zygote
Fertilized egg that turns into a blastocyst(hollow ball of ce…
Embryo
grows rapidly; most body parts formed.
27 terms
chapter 3 prenatal development, birth and the newborn
Germinal stage
Blastocyst
embryonic disk
Traphoplast
begins with conception, and ends with implantation (7th-ith d…
...
...
...
Germinal stage
begins with conception, and ends with implantation (7th-ith d…
Blastocyst
...
11 terms
Biological Foundations, prenatal development, birth and newborn
Phenotype
Genotype
Mutations
Ionizing Radiation
Directly observable characteristics
Blend of genetic information that determines our species and…
Sudden, permanent, change in a segment of DNA affects one, tw…
Radiation is known to cause mutations if there is prenatal ex…
Phenotype
Directly observable characteristics
Genotype
Blend of genetic information that determines our species and…
13 terms
chapter 3: prenatal development, birth and newborn baby
egg
sperm
zygote
embryo
conception... the largest cell in body... one released every mont…
conception... males process 300 million of this / day... 300 - 50…
first trimester... at 1 - 2 weeks... placenta connects to baby th…
first trimester... at 3 - 8 weeks... primitive brain and spinal c…
egg
conception... the largest cell in body... one released every mont…
sperm
conception... males process 300 million of this / day... 300 - 50…
Chapter 3 - Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn Baby
Implantation
Amnion
Chorion
Placenta
Attachment of the blastocyst to the uterine lining, which occ…
Membrane that encloses the developing organism in amniotic fl…
Protective membrane which surrounds the amnion. From this, ti…
Brings the embryo's and mother's blood close together, permit…
Implantation
Attachment of the blastocyst to the uterine lining, which occ…
Amnion
Membrane that encloses the developing organism in amniotic fl…
12 terms
Chapter 3: Prenatal Development, Birth, and The Newborn Baby
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
Second Trimester
• About 2 weeks ... • By the 4th day, 60 to 70 new cells exist t…
From implantation through the eight week of pregnancy. ... Duri…
From the 9th week to the end of pregnancy, is the longest pre…
17 - 20 weeks, mother can feel movements... o A white, cheese-li…
Zygote
• About 2 weeks ... • By the 4th day, 60 to 70 new cells exist t…
Embryo
From implantation through the eight week of pregnancy. ... Duri…
41 terms
Ch. 3 Prenatal Development, Birth and Newborn
Zygote -->blastocyte
Implantation
Ectopic Pregnancy
Embryonic Period
-weeks 1-2... starts to divide while traveling down fallopian tu…
7-10 days after conception... -burrows into uterine wall... -highes…
blastocyte implants somewhere other than uterine wall, usuall…
-weeks 3-8... -start to see specific development occur
Zygote -->blastocyte
-weeks 1-2... starts to divide while traveling down fallopian tu…
Implantation
7-10 days after conception... -burrows into uterine wall... -highes…
15 terms
Ch. 3 Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn
prenatal development
zygote
implantation
ectoderm
Changes that transform a fertilized egg into a newborn human
result of fertilization of egg by sperm. grows through mitosi…
zygote burrows into uterine wall and connects with mom's bloo…
outer layer of cells that develop into skin, hair, and the CNS
prenatal development
Changes that transform a fertilized egg into a newborn human
zygote
result of fertilization of egg by sperm. grows through mitosi…
39 terms
Chapter 3: Prenatal Development, Birth, & the Newborn Baby
zygote->blastocyst
embryonic disk
trophoblast
period of the zygote
fluid-filled ball of 60-70 cells (4th day)
cells on the inside of the blastocyst that become the new org…
outer ring of cells that become the outer covering
2 weeks
zygote->blastocyst
fluid-filled ball of 60-70 cells (4th day)
embryonic disk
cells on the inside of the blastocyst that become the new org…
39 terms
Chapter 3: Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn Baby
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus (First Trimester)
Fetus (Second Trimester)
1-2 weeks... - Blastocyte = burrows into uterine lining
3-8 weeks... - Brain, spinal cord, heart, muscles, backbone, rib…
9-12 weeks... - Systems organize ... - Kicking, sucking, mouth open…
13-24 weeks ... - Movements felt by mother... - Vernix and lanugo f…
Zygote
1-2 weeks... - Blastocyte = burrows into uterine lining
Embryo
3-8 weeks... - Brain, spinal cord, heart, muscles, backbone, rib…
105 terms
Chapter 3: Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn
the changes that transform a fertilize…
prenatal development takes an average…
period that lasts weeks 1-2
period that lasts week 3-8
prenatal development
38, zygote, embryo, fetus
zygote
embryo
the changes that transform a fertilize…
prenatal development
prenatal development takes an average…
38, zygote, embryo, fetus
36 terms
Chapter 3: Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn
Conception
Implantation
Amnion
Chorion
A single sperm cell (male) penetrates the outer coating of th…
Between the seventh and ninth days, implantation occurs, blas…
A membrane that encloses the developing organism in amniotic…
Protective membrane that surrounds the amnion, tiny hairlike…
Conception
A single sperm cell (male) penetrates the outer coating of th…
Implantation
Between the seventh and ninth days, implantation occurs, blas…
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