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Study sets matching "newton chapter 5"

23 terms
Chapter 5: Newton's Laws of Motion
Force
Net Force
Inertia
Newton
A push or pull exerted on an object is called a(n) _____.
The term _____ refers to the vector sum of all the individual…
The tendency of an object to resist any change in its motion…
_____ is the unit used to measure forces.
Force
A push or pull exerted on an object is called a(n) _____.
Net Force
The term _____ refers to the vector sum of all the individual…
16 terms
Chapter 5: Newton's 2nd Law of Motion
Acceleration
Proportional
Inverse
F=ma
The rate at which velocity changes
the statement of equality between two ratios
mathematically opposite
Newton's 2nd Law
Acceleration
The rate at which velocity changes
Proportional
the statement of equality between two ratios
15 terms
Chapter 5 Forces & Newtons laws
Force
Net Force
Friction
Gravity
A push or a pull
The combination of all forces acting on an object
A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…
A force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
Force
A push or a pull
Net Force
The combination of all forces acting on an object
25 terms
Conceptual Physics - Chapter 5 (Newton's 2nd Law)
Mass
Force
Net Force
acceleration
The amount of matter that an object is made of
A push or pull on an object
The sum or difference of all of forces acting on an object.
When an object is at its terminal velocity, it has no ____.
Mass
The amount of matter that an object is made of
Force
A push or pull on an object
10 terms
chapter 5 newton second law:
force
tension
net force
gravity net force
push or pull on an object... Newtons is the unit
is the force through a string or a rope
combination on all forces acting on an object
down
force
push or pull on an object... Newtons is the unit
tension
is the force through a string or a rope
13 terms
Chapter 5: Newton's Law
Action
Dynamics
Equilibrium
Force
One of the two equal and opposite forces in an action-reactio…
The process of calculating three-dimensional motion from forc…
Occurs when the forces of an object are balanced
A push or pull; any action that has the ability to change an…
Action
One of the two equal and opposite forces in an action-reactio…
Dynamics
The process of calculating three-dimensional motion from forc…
15 terms
Ch 5. Newton's Laws of Motion
Force
Mass
Newton's First Law
Second Law
A push or a pull
A Measure of the difficulty in acceleratig an object. Equival…
If the net force on an object is zero, its velocity is consta…
A object of mass m has a acceleration given by the net force…
Force
A push or a pull
Mass
A Measure of the difficulty in acceleratig an object. Equival…
8 terms
Chapter 5 Newton's Second Law
proportional
inversely proportional
Newton's Second Law
pressure
A relationship between two quantities in which, as one quanti…
A relationship between two quantities in which, as one quanti…
The unbalanced force (net force) acting on an object equals t…
the force applied to a unit area of surface
proportional
A relationship between two quantities in which, as one quanti…
inversely proportional
A relationship between two quantities in which, as one quanti…
Chapter 5: Application of Newton's Laws
Necessary conditions for an object to…
Friction is a
Two types of friction
Kinetic Friction
Net force=0
force that opposes the relative motion of two contacting surf…
Kinetic & Static
occurs between surfaces in motion; its magnitude is fk=uk*n.…
Necessary conditions for an object to…
Net force=0
Friction is a
force that opposes the relative motion of two contacting surf…
14 terms
Chapter 5: Application of Newton's Laws
Friction is a
Two types of friction
Kinetic Friction
Static Friction
non-conservative force
Kinetic & Static
sliding friction; surfaces move relative to each other
surfaces do not move relative to each other
Friction is a
non-conservative force
Two types of friction
Kinetic & Static
Chapter 5 - Newton, Einstein, and Gravity
Perigee is
According to Aristotle, which of the f…
A comet near the sun whose orbit is __…
Newtonian physics tells us that Kepler…
the point in a object's orbit around Earth, when the object i…
a person pushing a car along the street
hyperbolic
is a result of the conservation of angular momentum
Perigee is
the point in a object's orbit around Earth, when the object i…
According to Aristotle, which of the f…
a person pushing a car along the street
11 terms
Physics Chapter 5: Newton's Laws
Newton's First Law: Law of Inertia
Equation for relationship between mass…
Unit of a Newton
Newton Conversions
Objects in motion (or at rest) tend to stay in motion (or at…
W=mg... W=N or newtons
kg*m/s^2
N/kg=m/s^2
Newton's First Law: Law of Inertia
Objects in motion (or at rest) tend to stay in motion (or at…
Equation for relationship between mass…
W=mg... W=N or newtons
26 terms
Chapter 5: Newton's Laws of Motion
Force
Contact Forces
Field Forces
Add Forces
A push or a pull on an object, vector, can change motion (acc…
Objects must be touching, throwing a ball or friction
Objects are at a distance (don't have to touch), gravity
Net force (resultant)
Force
A push or a pull on an object, vector, can change motion (acc…
Contact Forces
Objects must be touching, throwing a ball or friction
8 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 5: Newton's Second Law of Motion
Friction
Mass
Kilogram
Newton
The resistive force that opposes the motion or attempted moti…
The quantity of matter in an object. More specifically, it is…
The fundamental SI unit of mass (metric)
The SI unit of force. One newton (symbol N) is the force that…
Friction
The resistive force that opposes the motion or attempted moti…
Mass
The quantity of matter in an object. More specifically, it is…
26 terms
Chapter 5: Forces & Newton's Law of Motion
Field Forces
Gravity/Weight
Electrostatic
Magnetic
interactions without contact, mediated by a "field of f=influ…
a pull in between all objects with mass
a push or pull between charged particles, push comes from lik…
a push or pull between magnets
Field Forces
interactions without contact, mediated by a "field of f=influ…
Gravity/Weight
a pull in between all objects with mass
14 terms
Chapter 5 Newton's Laws of Force and Motion
Force
Dynamic
Newton (N)
Inertia
Any action on a body that causes it to change motion... A push/…
Relating to motion of an object or system under the influence…
The SI metric unit of force
The resistance of a body to a change in motion
Force
Any action on a body that causes it to change motion... A push/…
Dynamic
Relating to motion of an object or system under the influence…
Chapter 5: Newton's Third Law of Motion
Equal and opposite force
To every action there is always and op…
Force pairs
Mass
When one object exerts a force on a second object, the second…
What is Newton's third law?
Force occurs in...
What is the measure of inertia??
Equal and opposite force
When one object exerts a force on a second object, the second…
To every action there is always and op…
What is Newton's third law?
12 terms
Chapter 5: Newton's Laws: Force and Motion
(re)action
dynamics
equilibrium
force
one of the two equal and opposite forces in an action-reactio…
the process of calculating 3D motion from forces and accelera…
in physics, occurs when the forces on an object are balanced
any action on a body that causes it to change motion; a vecto…
(re)action
one of the two equal and opposite forces in an action-reactio…
dynamics
the process of calculating 3D motion from forces and accelera…
9 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 5: Newton's Third Law of Motion
Newton's Third Law
Vector quantity
Scalar quantity
Resultant
Whenever one object exerts a force on a second object, the se…
A quantity that has both magnitude and direction. Examples ar…
A quantity that has magnitude but not direction. Examples are…
The net result of a combination of two or more vectors.
Newton's Third Law
Whenever one object exerts a force on a second object, the se…
Vector quantity
A quantity that has both magnitude and direction. Examples ar…
9 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 5: Newton's Third Law of Motion
Newton's Third Law
Vector quantity
Scalar quantity
Resultant
Whenever one object exerts a force on a second object, the se…
A quantity that has both magnitude and direction. Examples ar…
A quantity that has magnitude but not direction. Examples are…
The net result of a combination of two or more vectors.
Newton's Third Law
Whenever one object exerts a force on a second object, the se…
Vector quantity
A quantity that has both magnitude and direction. Examples ar…
16 terms
Chapter 5 Force and Newton's Laws
force
Newton's first law
mass
weight
- a push or a pull... - vector quantity measured in newtons
- states that an object remains at rest, or maintains a const…
- a property of an object that determines how much it will re…
- the force of gravity on an object ... - measured in newtons
force
- a push or a pull... - vector quantity measured in newtons
Newton's first law
- states that an object remains at rest, or maintains a const…
9 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 5: Newton's Third Law of Motion
Newton's Third Law
Vector quantity
Scalar quantity
Resultant
Whenever one object exerts a force on a second object, the se…
A quantity that has both magnitude and direction. Examples ar…
A quantity that has magnitude but not direction. Examples are…
The net result of a combination of two or more vectors.
Newton's Third Law
Whenever one object exerts a force on a second object, the se…
Vector quantity
A quantity that has both magnitude and direction. Examples ar…
Chapter 5 - Newton's Laws of Motion
Dynamics
A force
What are two quantities that character…
As such, what is a force?
-the study of the causes of motion
-a push or a pull
-magnitude and direction
-a vector
Dynamics
-the study of the causes of motion
A force
-a push or a pull
93 terms
Chapter 5 - Newton's Laws of Motion
Dynamics
A force
What are two quantities that character…
As such, what is a force?
-the study of the causes of motion
-a push or a pull
-magnitude and direction
-a vector
Dynamics
-the study of the causes of motion
A force
-a push or a pull
11 terms
Chapter 5 Newton's Second Law
Newton's Second Law
pressure
fluid
air resistance
The unbalanced force (net force) acting on an object equals t…
the force applied to a unit area of surface
a continuous substance that tends to flow and to conform to t…
the fluid friction experienced by objects falling through the…
Newton's Second Law
The unbalanced force (net force) acting on an object equals t…
pressure
the force applied to a unit area of surface
7 terms
Newton's Law of Motion Chapter 5 Vocab
Force
Contact Force
Field Force
Net Force = 0
A push or pill on an object... can cause a change in motion (Acc…
Objects are touching (throwing a ball)
Forces that act at distance (gravity, magnetism)
"Balanced forces" book sitting on a table
Force
A push or pill on an object... can cause a change in motion (Acc…
Contact Force
Objects are touching (throwing a ball)
6 terms
Chapter 5: Newton's Third Law
Lift
Reaction force
Resolution
Action force
The net upward force produced by the difference between upwar…
The force that is equal in strength and opposite in direction…
1. A method of separating a vector into its component parts…
The force acting in one direction
Lift
The net upward force produced by the difference between upwar…
Reaction force
The force that is equal in strength and opposite in direction…
13 terms
Physics Chapter 5: Newton's Laws of Motion
Force
Contact Force
Field Force
Net Force
a push or pull on an object... can cause a change in motion
objects are touching
forces that act at a distance
when forces are added together
Force
a push or pull on an object... can cause a change in motion
Contact Force
objects are touching
31 terms
Chapter 5: Newton's Laws of Motion
dynamics
force
mangnitude
direction
the study of the causes of motion
a push or pull
strength of force
which way is the object being pushed or pulled
dynamics
the study of the causes of motion
force
a push or pull
18 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 5: Newton's Second Law of Motion
Friction
Mass
Kilogram
Newton
The force that acts to resist the relative motion of objects…
The quantity of matter in an object. More specifically, it is…
The fundamental SI unit of mass (metric)
The SI unit of force. One newton (symbol N) is the force that…
Friction
The force that acts to resist the relative motion of objects…
Mass
The quantity of matter in an object. More specifically, it is…
10 terms
Chapter 5 - Additional Applications of Newton's Laws
Friction
Static Friction
Kinetic Friction
Rolling Friction
Two objects in contact exert frictional forces on each other.…
friction <= uN (munormal force). It is usually impossible t…
f=u*N Where mu is the coefficient of kinetic friction and N i…
f = mu*N where mu is the coefficient of rolling friction
Friction
Two objects in contact exert frictional forces on each other.…
Static Friction
friction <= uN (munormal force). It is usually impossible t…
9 terms
Chapter 5: Newtons 3rd law
Newtons 3rd law
What is a force?
If all forces appear to be equal, then…
When two objects colloid (one heavy &…
Whenever an object exerts a force on a second object, the sec…
push or pull, interaction between two things (contact & non-c…
The object moves because the acceleration of the forces my va…
Neither, according to newtons 3rd law both experience the sam…
Newtons 3rd law
Whenever an object exerts a force on a second object, the sec…
What is a force?
push or pull, interaction between two things (contact & non-c…
9 terms
Chapter 5: Newton's Third Law of Motion
Newton's Third Law
Vector quantity
Scalar quantity
Resultant
Whenever one object exerts a force on a second object, the se…
A quantity that has both magnitude and direction. Examples ar…
A quantity that has magnitude but not direction. Examples are…
The net result of a combination of two or more vectors.
Newton's Third Law
Whenever one object exerts a force on a second object, the se…
Vector quantity
A quantity that has both magnitude and direction. Examples ar…
20 terms
chapter 5 (newton's law of motion)
kinematics
dynamics
Force (N)
contact force
the study of HOW objects move
the study of WHY objects move the way the do
any push or pull on an object ... -vector quantity) ... - 1 N = 1 k…
involves contact with an object
kinematics
the study of HOW objects move
dynamics
the study of WHY objects move the way the do
16 terms
Chapter 5 / Balance /unbalance forces / Newtons law 1
Balanced force
Unbalanced forces
object's motion + BALANCED forces =
object's motion + UNBALANCED forces =
Forces acting on an object that combine and form a net force…
Forces acting on an object that combine and form a net force…
CONSTANT velocity
CHANGED velocity
Balanced force
Forces acting on an object that combine and form a net force…
Unbalanced forces
Forces acting on an object that combine and form a net force…
14 terms
Physics Chapter 5: Newton's Law of Motion
Force
Inertia
Newton's 1st Law(Law of Inertia)
Net force
Push or pull... Magnitude- strength... Ex: shopping cart, golf ball
Tendency of an object to resist any change in its motion.
- an object at rest, remains at rest, as long as no net force…
Vector sum of all individual forces that act on an object
Force
Push or pull... Magnitude- strength... Ex: shopping cart, golf ball
Inertia
Tendency of an object to resist any change in its motion.
20 terms
Chapter 5: Newton's Laws of Motion
What are unbalanced forces?
What is inertia?
What is Newton's First Law?
What is Newton's Second Law?
Unbalanced forces are forces that result in a net force on an…
Inertia is the property of an object that resists changes in…
Newton's First Law says that an object at rest will stay at r…
Newton's Second Law tell us that acceleration is force divide…
What are unbalanced forces?
Unbalanced forces are forces that result in a net force on an…
What is inertia?
Inertia is the property of an object that resists changes in…
18 terms
Chapter 5: Newton's 3rd Law of Motion
What does the term magnitude mean when…
How many objects are involved when loo…
Why can a boxer only exert a small amo…
In figure 5.6, a small car collides wi…
Magnitude is the value of the force or the strength. It's the…
There are always two separate forces acting on two separate o…
The boxer can only hit something as hard as it hits back. The…
The forces they exert on each other are the same magnitude (a…
What does the term magnitude mean when…
Magnitude is the value of the force or the strength. It's the…
How many objects are involved when loo…
There are always two separate forces acting on two separate o…
18 terms
Chapter 5: Newton's 3rd Law of Motion
Newton's 3rd Law of Motion
A soccer player kicks a ball with 1500…
When you step off a curb, Earth pulls…
Action and Reaction on Different Masse…
Whenever one object exerts a force on a second object, the 2n…
b. 1500 N
c. you pulling Earth upward
the same force exerted on a small mass produces a large accel…
Newton's 3rd Law of Motion
Whenever one object exerts a force on a second object, the 2n…
A soccer player kicks a ball with 1500…
b. 1500 N
18 terms
Chapter 5 newtons third law of motion
For an action force, there must be a r…
And archer shoots and arrow. Consider…
Hey player catches the ball. Consider…
Baseball player bats a ball with a for…
Is exactly equal in magnitude
Arrow pushed against the bowstring
Force the glove excerpts on the ball
1250N
For an action force, there must be a r…
Is exactly equal in magnitude
And archer shoots and arrow. Consider…
Arrow pushed against the bowstring
11 terms
Chapter 5- Newtons 2nd Law of Motion
Newtons 2nd law
Pressure
P
SI unit is
Acceleration~ Net force divided by mass
Force/ area apllication
= F/A
Pascal
Newtons 2nd law
Acceleration~ Net force divided by mass
Pressure
Force/ area apllication
27 terms
Chapter 5; Additional Applications of Newton's Laws
WS4: L01 through L03... An applied force…
WS4: L04 and L05... A woman pushing a pa…
WS5: D1. Textbook page 163 problem #43…
WS5: D2. Textbook page 163 problem #44…
...
...
...
...
WS4: L01 through L03... An applied force…
...
WS4: L04 and L05... A woman pushing a pa…
...
13 terms
Chapter 5 Further Applications of Newtons Laws
deformation
drag force
friction
Hooke's Law
change in shape due to the application of force
Fd found to be proportional to the square of the speed of the…
a force that opposes relative motion or attempts at motion be…
proportional relationship b/w the force F on a material and t…
deformation
change in shape due to the application of force
drag force
Fd found to be proportional to the square of the speed of the…
9 terms
Chapter 5 Study Guide (Newtons laws of motion)
1. According to Newtons second law of…
A rocket launching is an example of ne…
to keep a self accelerating downhill,…
Friction always act in the _____ to th…
acceleration
third
...
opposite
1. According to Newtons second law of…
acceleration
A rocket launching is an example of ne…
third
32 terms
Honor's Physics Chapter 5 (Projectile Motion, Newton's Laws, and Friction) 2016
Apparent Weight is due to the force ex…
A measure of the gravitational force e…
Greek letter which represents summatio…
Net Force
Apparent Weight is due to the force exerted through contact w…
Weight (Newtons)
Σ (Sigma)
Sum of the forces that are acting on an object.
Apparent Weight is due to the force ex…
Apparent Weight is due to the force exerted through contact w…
A measure of the gravitational force e…
Weight (Newtons)
15 terms
Chapter 5 / Balance /unbalance forces / Newtons law 1
Balanced force
Unbalanced forces
object's motion + BALANCED forces =
object's motion + UNBALANCED forces =
Forces acting on an object that combine and form a net force…
Forces acting on an object that combine and form a net force…
CONSTANT velocity
CHANGED velocity
Balanced force
Forces acting on an object that combine and form a net force…
Unbalanced forces
Forces acting on an object that combine and form a net force…
9 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 5: Newton's Third Law of Motion
Newton's Third Law
Vector quantity
Scalar quantity
Resultant
Whenever one object exerts a force on a second object, the se…
A quantity that has both magnitude and direction. Examples ar…
A quantity that has magnitude but not direction. Examples are…
The net result of a combination of two or more vectors.
Newton's Third Law
Whenever one object exerts a force on a second object, the se…
Vector quantity
A quantity that has both magnitude and direction. Examples ar…
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 5: Newton's Second Law of Motion
Friction
Mass
Kilogram
Newton
The force that acts to resist the relative motion of objects…
The quantity of matter in an object. More specifically, it is…
The fundamental SI unit of mass (metric)
The SI unit of force. One newton (symbol N) is the force that…
Friction
The force that acts to resist the relative motion of objects…
Mass
The quantity of matter in an object. More specifically, it is…
9 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 5: Newton's Third Law of Motion
Newton's Third Law
Vector quantity
Scalar quantity
Resultant
Whenever one object exerts a force on a second object, the se…
A quantity that has both magnitude and direction. Examples ar…
A quantity that has magnitude but not direction. Examples are…
The net result of a combination of two or more vectors.
Newton's Third Law
Whenever one object exerts a force on a second object, the se…
Vector quantity
A quantity that has both magnitude and direction. Examples ar…
30 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 5: Newton's Second Law of Motion
Friction
Mass
Kilogram
Newton
The force that acts to resist the relative motion of objects…
The quantity of matter in an object. More specifically, it is…
The fundamental SI unit of mass (metric)
The SI unit of force. One newton (symbol N) is the force that…
Friction
The force that acts to resist the relative motion of objects…
Mass
The quantity of matter in an object. More specifically, it is…
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