# Study sets matching "newton chapter 5"

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Newton's first law

Newton's second law

Force

Acceleration

an object at rest will stay at rest, an object that is moving…

the unbalanced force acting on an object equals the objects ma…

A push or a pull

The rate at which velocity changes

Newton's first law

an object at rest will stay at rest, an object that is moving…

Newton's second law

the unbalanced force acting on an object equals the objects ma…

Function

Input

Output

Linear Equation

Operates according to a rule to produce exactly one output val…

The value substituted into the function.

The value that results from the substitution of a given input…

An equation whose graph is a line.

Function

Operates according to a rule to produce exactly one output val…

Input

The value substituted into the function.

Recall the portion of the video in whic…

According to Newton's first law, when t…

An elevator moves straight upward at a…

Imagine holding a basketball in both ha…

equal to; Since the sled is moving with constant velocity, so…

When the net force is zero, the acceleration is zero, so the v…

be zero

-when you hold the ball still in your hands after catching it…

Recall the portion of the video in whic…

equal to; Since the sled is moving with constant velocity, so…

According to Newton's first law, when t…

When the net force is zero, the acceleration is zero, so the v…

Force

Newton

Net force

Friction

Push or a pull

A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerate…

The overall force on an object when all the individual forces…

The force that two surfaces exert on each other when they rub…

Force

Push or a pull

Newton

A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerate…

force

tension

net force

gravity net force

push or pull on an object... Newtons is the unit

is the force through a string or a rope

combination on all forces acting on an object

down

force

push or pull on an object... Newtons is the unit

tension

is the force through a string or a rope

Newton's First Law

unbalanced force

inertia

Newton's Second Law of Motion

an object at rest will stay at rest and an object in motion wi…

result in a net force on an object that can cause changes in m…

the property of an object that resists changes in its motion.

acceleration is force divided by mass

Newton's First Law

an object at rest will stay at rest and an object in motion wi…

unbalanced force

result in a net force on an object that can cause changes in m…

Force

Net Force

Inertia

Newton

A push or pull exerted on an object is called a(n) _____.

The term _____ refers to the vector sum of all the individual…

The tendency of an object to resist any change in its motion i…

The _____ is the unit used to measure forces.

Force

A push or pull exerted on an object is called a(n) _____.

Net Force

The term _____ refers to the vector sum of all the individual…

Force

Net Force

Friction

Gravity

A push or a pull

The combination of all forces acting on an object

A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in c…

A force of attraction between objects that is due to their mas…

Force

A push or a pull

Net Force

The combination of all forces acting on an object

Perigee is

According to Aristotle, which of the fo…

A comet near the sun whose orbit is ___…

Newtonian physics tells us that Kepler'…

the point in a object's orbit around Earth, when the object is…

a person pushing a car along the street

hyperbolic

is a result of the conservation of angular momentum

Perigee is

the point in a object's orbit around Earth, when the object is…

According to Aristotle, which of the fo…

a person pushing a car along the street

Solving Problems with Multiple Objects

Uniform Circular Motion

Centripetal Force

Friction

The force is in the same direction of acceleration- towards th…

A force that opposes the relative motion of two forces in cont…

Solving Problems with Multiple Objects

Uniform Circular Motion

Mass

Force

Net Force

acceleration

The amount of matter that an object is made of

A push or pull on an object

The sum or difference of all of forces acting on an object.

When an object is at its terminal velocity, it has no ____.

Mass

The amount of matter that an object is made of

Force

A push or pull on an object

A force is a ........ between 2 things

Forces are _____ & _____ in direction

3rd Law of Motion

A soccer player kicks a ball with 1500…

Interaction

Action and reaction. Both objects will feel the force equally…

For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.

B. 1500N

A force is a ........ between 2 things

Interaction

Forces are _____ & _____ in direction

Action and reaction. Both objects will feel the force equally…

Necessary conditions for an object to b…

Friction is a

Two types of friction

Kinetic Friction

Net force=0

force that opposes the relative motion of two contacting surfa…

Kinetic & Static

occurs between surfaces in motion; its magnitude is fk=uk*n.... u…

Necessary conditions for an object to b…

Net force=0

Friction is a

force that opposes the relative motion of two contacting surfa…

Friction is a

Two types of friction

Kinetic Friction

Static Friction

non-conservative force

Kinetic & Static

sliding friction; surfaces move relative to each other

surfaces do not move relative to each other

Friction is a

non-conservative force

Two types of friction

Kinetic & Static

Force

Contact Forces

Field Forces

Add Forces

A push or a pull on an object, vector, can change motion (acce…

Objects must be touching, throwing a ball or friction

Objects are at a distance (don't have to touch), gravity

Net force (resultant)

Force

A push or a pull on an object, vector, can change motion (acce…

Contact Forces

Objects must be touching, throwing a ball or friction

Force

Contact Force

Field Force

Net Force

a push or pull on an object... can cause a change in motion

objects are touching

forces that act at a distance

when forces are added together

Force

a push or pull on an object... can cause a change in motion

Contact Force

objects are touching

Force

Dynamic

Newton (N)

Inertia

Any action on a body that causes it to change motion... A push/p…

Relating to motion of an object or system under the influence…

The SI metric unit of force

The resistance of a body to a change in motion

Force

Any action on a body that causes it to change motion... A push/p…

Dynamic

Relating to motion of an object or system under the influence…

Field Forces

Gravity/Weight

Electrostatic

Magnetic

interactions without contact, mediated by a "field of f=influe…

a pull in between all objects with mass

a push or pull between charged particles, push comes from like…

a push or pull between magnets

Field Forces

interactions without contact, mediated by a "field of f=influe…

Gravity/Weight

a pull in between all objects with mass

Equal and opposite force

To every action there is always and opp…

Force pairs

Mass

When one object exerts a force on a second object, the second…

What is Newton's third law?

Force occurs in...

What is the measure of inertia??

Equal and opposite force

When one object exerts a force on a second object, the second…

To every action there is always and opp…

What is Newton's third law?

Interaction

Newton's third law

vector quantity

scalar quantity

mutual interaction between objects where each object exerts an…

whenever one object exerts a force on a second object, the sec…

requires both magnitude and direction.

requires magnitude only. not involving direction

Interaction

mutual interaction between objects where each object exerts an…

Newton's third law

whenever one object exerts a force on a second object, the sec…

The wall pushes on the skateborder

Make an action-reaction pair of forces

5 units

3000 N

When a skateboarder pushes on a wall

While you stand on the floor you are pulled downward by gravit…

A vertical vecotr of 3 units combined with a horizontal vector…

When a karate chop breaks a board with a 3000-N blow, the amou…

The wall pushes on the skateborder

When a skateboarder pushes on a wall

Make an action-reaction pair of forces

While you stand on the floor you are pulled downward by gravit…

directly

inversely

a= F/m

acceleration

acceleration is __________ proportional to force (a~F)

acceleration is __________ proportional to mass

equation of Newton's Second Law

net force over mass (F/m)

directly

acceleration is __________ proportional to force (a~F)

inversely

acceleration is __________ proportional to mass