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Study sets matching "nitrite"

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Study sets matching "nitrite"

8 terms
Nitrite
the presence of nitrite indicated sign…
test strip
principle of reaction
expected normal value
UTI
nitrite - Griess test
urine nitrates (bacteria reductase) --> urine nitrites... urine…
negative
the presence of nitrite indicated sign…
UTI
test strip
nitrite - Griess test
8 terms
Nitrite
Nitrate
Nitrite
Carbonate
Sulfate
NO3-
NO2-
CO3 2-
SO4 2-
Nitrate
NO3-
Nitrite
NO2-
17 terms
Nitrition
Nitrition
Nutrients are...
Six primary nutrients
Carbs are
The study of how food works in the body.
Chemicals the body needs to work properly
Water, protein, carbs, minerals, vitamins, fats
Main source of energy
Nitrition
The study of how food works in the body.
Nutrients are...
Chemicals the body needs to work properly
70 terms
nitrition
antioxidants
what vitamin functions as a hormone
what vitamin plays a role in epinephrin?
bioavailability
vitamin E, C, A
vitamin D- it is produced in the kidney and circulated throug…
vitamin C
the rate at and the extent to which nutrient is absorbed and…
antioxidants
vitamin E, C, A
what vitamin functions as a hormone
vitamin D- it is produced in the kidney and circulated throug…
14 terms
Nitrites
what do nitrites include?
what do the chemical look like?
when were they synthesized and used me…
what are they related too?
amyl, butyl, isobutil nitrie
yellow, volatile and flammable liquids having a fruity odour
1867
nitroglycerin and explosive substance
what do nitrites include?
amyl, butyl, isobutil nitrie
what do the chemical look like?
yellow, volatile and flammable liquids having a fruity odour
22 terms
Nitrition
健康
生活
食物
睡眠
jiàn kāng
shēng huó
shí wù
shuì mián
健康
jiàn kāng
生活
shēng huó
11 terms
Nitrite-Sulfite
Nitrite
Oxalate
Oxide
Perchlorate
NO *2 ^-1
C2O4^-2
O^-2
C1O*4^-1
Nitrite
NO *2 ^-1
Oxalate
C2O4^-2
11 terms
Amyl Nitrite
Class:
Mechanism of Action:
Indications:
Contraindications:
Antidote
Converts hemoglobin to methemoglobin which reacts with cyanid…
Cyanide Poisoning
None in the emergency setting
Class:
Antidote
Mechanism of Action:
Converts hemoglobin to methemoglobin which reacts with cyanid…
6 terms
Amyl Nitrite
Amyl Nitrite Class
Amyl Nitrite Pharmacology
Amyl Nitrite Indications
Amyl Nitrite Contraindications
Nitrate
Vasodilator / smooth muscle relaxant. Converts hemoglobin to…
Cyanide Poisoning
None - for acute cyanide poisoning
Amyl Nitrite Class
Nitrate
Amyl Nitrite Pharmacology
Vasodilator / smooth muscle relaxant. Converts hemoglobin to…
Amyl Nitrite
Amyl Nitrite: Class
Amyl Nitrite: Actions
Amyl Nitrite: Indications
Amyl Nitrite: Contraindications
Antidote, cyanide poisoning adjunct
Converts hemoglobin to methemoglobin, which reacts with cyani…
Cyanide poisoning
None in the emergency setting
Amyl Nitrite: Class
Antidote, cyanide poisoning adjunct
Amyl Nitrite: Actions
Converts hemoglobin to methemoglobin, which reacts with cyani…
10 terms
Amyl Nitrite
Amyl Nitrite- Class
Amyl Nitrite- Actions
Amyl Nitrite- Indications
Amyl Nitrite- Contraindications
Antidote... Cyanide poisoning adjunct
Converts hemoglobin to methemoglobin, which reacts with cyani…
Cyanide poisoning
None in the emergency setting
Amyl Nitrite- Class
Antidote... Cyanide poisoning adjunct
Amyl Nitrite- Actions
Converts hemoglobin to methemoglobin, which reacts with cyani…
10 terms
Nitrates and Nitrites
sources of plants that accumulate nitr…
T/F nitrates accumulate in grains or f…
what happens to the nitrate levels whe…
other sources of nitrates and nitrites
WEEDS: pigweed... lamb's quarter... jimsonweed... nightshade and tomoa…
false... (primarily stalks/leaves)
nitrates stay the same! don't leave is dried...... BUT if you en…
fertilizer (incl manure)... -fertilizer run-off (usually this wa…
sources of plants that accumulate nitr…
WEEDS: pigweed... lamb's quarter... jimsonweed... nightshade and tomoa…
T/F nitrates accumulate in grains or f…
false... (primarily stalks/leaves)
21 terms
Nitrates/Nitrites
General considerations
Nitrogen Cycle
Source
Plant Nitrates: Excessive accumulation…
The nitrate ion is both a reactant and a product in the biolo…
Atmospheric nitrogen is converted by nitrogen fixing bacteria…
Nitrite poisoning usually occurs when animals consume plants,…
Plant species, content and form of nitrogen in soil, soil con…
General considerations
The nitrate ion is both a reactant and a product in the biolo…
Nitrogen Cycle
Atmospheric nitrogen is converted by nitrogen fixing bacteria…
39 terms
Nitrates and Nitrites
most common exposure of nitrate and ni…
Big nitrate accumulator in crops?
plants normally extract nitrates from…
soils high in nitrate or NH3 supply mo…
PIGWEEDS... lamb's quarter... jimsonweed... smartweed... dock... nightshade…
CORN(stalks) ... SOYBEANS... SUDAN GRASS
use in amino acids
true
most common exposure of nitrate and ni…
PIGWEEDS... lamb's quarter... jimsonweed... smartweed... dock... nightshade…
Big nitrate accumulator in crops?
CORN(stalks) ... SOYBEANS... SUDAN GRASS
49 terms
Nitrates/Nitrites
General considerations... o The nitrate i…
Nitrogen cycle... • Atmospheric nitrogen…
Nitrogen cycle... • The nitrites in the s…
Nitrogen cycle... • Animals produce metab…
nitrogen
nitrates (NO3-)... nitrites (NO2-)
protein... animals... ammonia (NH3) and nitrates
ammonia and nitrates
General considerations... o The nitrate i…
nitrogen
Nitrogen cycle... • Atmospheric nitrogen…
nitrates (NO3-)... nitrites (NO2-)
9 terms
Nitrates/Nitrites
Nitrite poisoning:
Source: Plant Nitrates
Toxicity: Susceptible species
Accumulation of nitrites
Usually occurs when animals (ruminants) consume plants, feed,…
Plants take up nitrates by the roots and what is not used for…
-Ruminants are susceptible to nitrate toxicity because rumen…
-The nitrate ion (NO3-) is converted to the nitrite ion (NO2-…
Nitrite poisoning:
Usually occurs when animals (ruminants) consume plants, feed,…
Source: Plant Nitrates
Plants take up nitrates by the roots and what is not used for…
8 terms
Nitrates and Nitrites
The blood pressure-lowering benefits o…
Beetroot juice appears to reduce the o…
What ingredient in beetroot juice is l…
Individuals should avoid using which o…
C. nitric oxide
D. a and b
A. Nitrate
E. All of the above
The blood pressure-lowering benefits o…
C. nitric oxide
Beetroot juice appears to reduce the o…
D. a and b
21 terms
Nitrition and metabolism
Functions of protein
Essential amino acid
Nonessential amino acid
Characteristics of lipids
Used to make skin, hair, nails, muscle. Hemoglobin. Act of en…
9/20 amino acids, gets from diet
11/22 amino acids, gets from body
Insoluble in water, broken down into Glycerol and fatty acids…
Functions of protein
Used to make skin, hair, nails, muscle. Hemoglobin. Act of en…
Essential amino acid
9/20 amino acids, gets from diet
13 terms
Nitrates & Nitrites
Amyl nitrite
Isosorbide dinitrate
Isosorbide dinitrate
Isosorbide dinitrate oral SR
...
Isordil
Isoket
Isochron
Amyl nitrite
...
Isosorbide dinitrate
Isordil
25 terms
Nitrition- Vitamins
Vitamins
Minerals
water soluble
fat solube
organic compounds.
Have a definite chemical... composition; minerals are inorganic…
Some can cause toxicity
Can accumulate in the body
Vitamins
organic compounds.
Minerals
Have a definite chemical... composition; minerals are inorganic…
10 terms
MQ: AMYL NITRITE
AMYL NITRITE CLASS:
AMYL NITRITE ACTIONS:
AMYL NITRITE INDICATIONS:
AMYL NITRITE CONTRAINDICATIONS:
Antidote, cyanide poisoning adjunct
Converts hemoglobin to methemoglobin, which reacts with cyani…
1. Cyanide poisoning
1. None in the emergency setting
AMYL NITRITE CLASS:
Antidote, cyanide poisoning adjunct
AMYL NITRITE ACTIONS:
Converts hemoglobin to methemoglobin, which reacts with cyani…
22 terms
Ferric - Nitrite (Second 22)
ferric
ferrous
flouride
hydrogen
Fe+3
Fe+2
F-
H+
ferric
Fe+3
ferrous
Fe+2
15 terms
4, Nitrate & Nitrite
Look at slide 1-3
What are the factors that favor plant…
True or false (slide 5): Decreased lig…
Which of the following contains the mo…
.
D.
True
A. ... # D. has least amount... Stalk>stem>Leaf>seed
Look at slide 1-3
.
What are the factors that favor plant…
D.
35 terms
NITRITE (PINK AZODYE)
Rapid screening
Bladder, renal pelvis, tubules
T
T
The reagent pad for nitrite provides a _____ test for the pre…
UTI can involve the _____, the ____ and ____ or both
T OR F... One possible route for UTI is movement of bacteria up…
T OR F... Movement of bacteria from the bloodstream into the ki…
Rapid screening
The reagent pad for nitrite provides a _____ test for the pre…
Bladder, renal pelvis, tubules
UTI can involve the _____, the ____ and ____ or both
10 terms
Nitrite reduction Ex 23
Nitrogen is important for
amino acids make
assimilatory
dissimilatory
growth
proteins
many bacteria, fungi and plants
some bacteria, terminal electron acceptor. surive without oxy…
Nitrogen is important for
growth
amino acids make
proteins
18 terms
Nitrate and Nitrite reduction and MORE
assimilatory nitrate reduction
using nitrate as an electron acceptor…
nitrate is found in___habitats
nitrate is reduced to nitrite by
reducing nitrate to ammonium ion for use as an N- source
dissimilatory nitrate reduction
aerobic habitates where it is usually formed from ammoniua ox…
nitrate reductase (Nar)
assimilatory nitrate reduction
reducing nitrate to ammonium ion for use as an N- source
using nitrate as an electron acceptor…
dissimilatory nitrate reduction
29 terms
Nitrate/nitrite Toxicology
What are the three overall routes of n…
What are the various ways by which a p…
What are the physical properties of ni…
How can nitrates be removed from water?
1. Accidental... 2. Abuse... 3. Medications
-Ammonium nitrate in cold packs... -Nitrous gases from welding... -…
Colourless, tasteless, odourless and cannot be removed by boi…
By ion exchange, distillation or reverse osmosis
What are the three overall routes of n…
1. Accidental... 2. Abuse... 3. Medications
What are the various ways by which a p…
-Ammonium nitrate in cold packs... -Nitrous gases from welding... -…
8 terms
amyl nitrite---scope
class
mech of action
indications
contraindications
anitdote, cyanide poisoning adjunct
converts hemoglobin to methemoglobin, which reacts with cyani…
cyanide poisioning
none emergency setting
class
anitdote, cyanide poisoning adjunct
mech of action
converts hemoglobin to methemoglobin, which reacts with cyani…
5 terms
Organic Nitrates and nitrites
AMYL NITRITE... volatile put in ampules…
NITROGLYCERIN... can be sublingual spray…
ISOSORBIDE MONONITRATE... longer DOA tha…
PENTAERYTHRITOL TETRANITRATE... taken of…
AMYL NITRITE... volatile put in ampules…
NITROGLYCERIN... can be sublingual spray…
6 terms
Paramedic Drug Profile - Amyl Nitrite
Classification
Mechanism of Action
Indications
Contraindications
Nitrate vasodilator ... Antidote
1. Relaxes vascular smooth muscle, decreasing vascular resist…
1. Angina... 2. Hypertension... 3. Cyanide poisoning
1. Hypotension... 2. Erectile Dysfunction (PDE 5 inhibitors) me…
Classification
Nitrate vasodilator ... Antidote
Mechanism of Action
1. Relaxes vascular smooth muscle, decreasing vascular resist…
38 terms
Nitrition And Diets Chapter 11
absorption
anorexia
antioxidants
atherosclerosis
taking in of nutrients
loss of appetite
enzymes or organic molecules
form of arteriosclerosis characterised by accumulation of fat…
absorption
taking in of nutrients
anorexia
loss of appetite
32 terms
Chapter 2 food and nitrition
Cholesterol
Complete protein
Dietary supplement
Fiber
Fat like substance that occurs naturally
Contains all nine of the essential amino acids
Purified nutrient manufactured or extracted from natural sour…
Indigestible material
Cholesterol
Fat like substance that occurs naturally
Complete protein
Contains all nine of the essential amino acids
9 terms
antianginals nitrates & nitrites
common drugs
moa
indications for nitroglycerin
indications for isosorbide dinitrate &…
Nitroglycerin, isosorbide dinitrate, isosorbide mononitrate
dilate BV= reduced lower left ventricular pressure
given at onset of angina, PE
prevention of recurrent angina
common drugs
Nitroglycerin, isosorbide dinitrate, isosorbide mononitrate
moa
dilate BV= reduced lower left ventricular pressure
12 terms
Antianginal Drugs: Nitrates and Nitrites
Antianginals dialate all of these in t…
Antinginal drug... Generic: Isosorbide di…
Antianginal drug... Generic: Isosorbide m…
Antianginal drug... Generic:Nitroglycerin
blood vessels
Trade: Isordil
Trade: Imdur
Trade: Nitrostate, nitrobid, ntg
Antianginals dialate all of these in t…
blood vessels
Antinginal drug... Generic: Isosorbide di…
Trade: Isordil
37 terms
Nitrition Chapter 8
Vitamin
Fat-soluble vitamins
Water-soluble vitamins
Coenzyme
Compound needed in small amounts in the diet to help regulate…
Vitamins that dissolve in fat and such substances as ether an…
Vitamins that dissolve in water. These vitamins are the B,C
A compound that combines with an inactive enzyme to form a ca…
Vitamin
Compound needed in small amounts in the diet to help regulate…
Fat-soluble vitamins
Vitamins that dissolve in fat and such substances as ether an…
20 terms
Nitrition Chapter 4 Vocab
chelating agents
complex carbohydrates
diverticula
fasting plasma glucose test
Molecules that attract or bind with other molecules and are t…
Long chains of sugar units arranged to form starch or fiber,…
Sacs or pouches that balloon out of the intestinal wall, caus…
A blood test that measures current blood glucose in a person…
chelating agents
Molecules that attract or bind with other molecules and are t…
complex carbohydrates
Long chains of sugar units arranged to form starch or fiber,…
47 terms
CLin Lab: urine: Protien-- Nitrite
What is normal levels of Protien in th…
What are the 6 types of proteins that…
What is the most common Protien found…
What Protien in the urine is the most…
NONE detected
1)albumins... 2)globulins... 3)hemoglobin... 4)fibrinogen... 5)nucleoprot…
Albumin
Albumin... Why?... -kidney pathology, especially glomerular damage…
What is normal levels of Protien in th…
NONE detected
What are the 6 types of proteins that…
1)albumins... 2)globulins... 3)hemoglobin... 4)fibrinogen... 5)nucleoprot…
21 terms
LA tox 818: Nitrates & Nitrites
What is the most common cause of expos…
Name some sources of Nitrates. What ar…
Name some conditions/situations leadin…
What part of the plant do not accumula…
Consumption of nitrate accumulating WEEDS!! ... Pigweed... Lamb's Q…
Nitrate accumulators - crops... Oats... Beets ... **SOYBEANS... **SUDAN G…
- Soils high in NItrate or NH3... - Drought (incr. nitrate in pl…
Grains and fruits.
What is the most common cause of expos…
Consumption of nitrate accumulating WEEDS!! ... Pigweed... Lamb's Q…
Name some sources of Nitrates. What ar…
Nitrate accumulators - crops... Oats... Beets ... **SOYBEANS... **SUDAN G…
20 terms
L10: Nitrate and Nitrite Toxicity
Denitrifying bacteria
Nitrogen-fixing bacteria
Nitrogen cycle
Sources of nitrate in groundwater
A group of bacteria that reduce nitrates or nitrites to nitro…
fix atmospheric nitrogen into ammonia
Nitrogen in atmosphere is fixed by nitrogen-fixing bacteria i…
- fertiliser... - manure... - decaying organic matter... - natural... th…
Denitrifying bacteria
A group of bacteria that reduce nitrates or nitrites to nitro…
Nitrogen-fixing bacteria
fix atmospheric nitrogen into ammonia
28 terms
Nitrates/Nitrites/chlorates
What species are affected by nitrates?
What animals are affected by nitrites…
Give examples of plants to accumulate…
T/F Nitrates frequently accumulate in…
Ruminants
all animals
Corn (BIG ONE), Pigweed, Lamb's quarter, Jimsonweed, Smartwee…
False! DO NOT! Accumulate in stalk and maybe in leaves
What species are affected by nitrates?
Ruminants
What animals are affected by nitrites…
all animals
35 terms
LA Tox: Nitrates & Nitrites
What is the most common source of nitr…
What are some nitrate-accumulating wee…
What are some nitrate-accumulating cro…
T/F: Plants extract nitrates from soil…
Consumption of nitrate-accumulating plants:... weeds and crops
Pigweed... Lamb's quarter... Jimsonweed... Smartweed... Dock... Nightshades…
Corn*... Soybeans*... Sudan Grass*... Oats... Beets... Wheat... Barley... Rye... *Em…
False. Plants extract nitrates from soil for use in amino aci…
What is the most common source of nitr…
Consumption of nitrate-accumulating plants:... weeds and crops
What are some nitrate-accumulating wee…
Pigweed... Lamb's quarter... Jimsonweed... Smartweed... Dock... Nightshades…
8 terms
Nitrate, Nitrites, NO
main source of Nitrates
potential risks of nitrate
potential benefits of nitrate
how does the FDA regulate Nitrite?
veggies
- methaemoglobinaemia... - carcinogenesis (NO formation)
- cardiovascular (fruits and veggie vit. + min./ NO and thiol…
as a food additive... - must be listed on label... - requires prema…
main source of Nitrates
veggies
potential risks of nitrate
- methaemoglobinaemia... - carcinogenesis (NO formation)
56 terms
Module XIV - Nitrites/Nitrates
Nitrate
Nitrite
N-nitroso/nitrosoamines compounds
Nitric Oxide (NO)
NO3... Rarely used as a food additive... May have health benefits f…
NO2... Main food additive used in cured meat, poultry and fish... A…
Used in cured foods but less is used now adays
Beneficial in normal metabolism and present in the body natur…
Nitrate
NO3... Rarely used as a food additive... May have health benefits f…
Nitrite
NO2... Main food additive used in cured meat, poultry and fish... A…
Equine Nitrition-Vitamins
What does vitamin stand for/mean?
How do you classify vitamins?
What are the fat soluble vitamins? 4
What are the water soluble vitamins? 2
Vital in minimal amounts
by how they're absorbed
A, D, E, K
B vitamins, vitamin C
What does vitamin stand for/mean?
Vital in minimal amounts
How do you classify vitamins?
by how they're absorbed
13 terms
3: Nitrates and Nitrites
What are the sources of nitrates and n…
What are some weeds that are causes?
What crops are causes? which are main?
How does nitrates accumulate? why are…
Most common is consumption of plants which accumulate nitrate…
Pigweed... Lamb's Quatter... Jimsonweed... Smartweek... Dock... Nightshade a…
Oats... Beets... SOYBEANS... SUDAN GRASS... Wheat... Barley... Rye... CORN STALKS
Normally plants extract nitrates from soil for use in amino a…
What are the sources of nitrates and n…
Most common is consumption of plants which accumulate nitrate…
What are some weeds that are causes?
Pigweed... Lamb's Quatter... Jimsonweed... Smartweek... Dock... Nightshade a…
101 terms
Nitrition 251 Exam 4
How many times does a child need to be…
In general, what is a good age to begi…
What % of US children fail to meet the…
What does the term "natural" mean on a…
at least 10 times
4 to 6 months
93 percent of children didn't eat enough vegetables.
does not contain artificial ingredients or preservatives and…
How many times does a child need to be…
at least 10 times
In general, what is a good age to begi…
4 to 6 months
12 terms
Drugs Used in Angina: Nitrites and Nitrates
ischemia hypoxia
reduced increased
nitric oxide
amyl nitrite
angina pectoris is due to BLANK or BLANK
angina pectoris is caused by BLANK blood supply to heart or B…
BLANK is a vasodialator
BLANK is an inhalant that has a rapid onset which is used to…
ischemia hypoxia
angina pectoris is due to BLANK or BLANK
reduced increased
angina pectoris is caused by BLANK blood supply to heart or B…
40 terms
4VD SPORTS & NITRITION deel 1
to wrestle
to compete
competition
endurance
worstelen
concureren
wedstrijd
uithoudingsvermogen
to wrestle
worstelen
to compete
concureren
47 terms
4VD SPORTS & NITRITION deel 2
referee
tenacity
strength
winded
scheidsrechter
vasthoudendheid
fysieke en mentale kracht
buiten adem
referee
scheidsrechter
tenacity
vasthoudendheid
60 terms
Mod 6- urine chemistry: blood, nitrite and leukocytes
In normal urine, how many red blood ce…
What is hematuria?
What are 4 causes of hematuria?
What can cause trauma to the kidneys?
2-5 per high powered field (HPF)
An increased number of RBC's in urine (>5/HPF)
1. Trauma to kidneys... 2. Bleeding in lower urinary tract... 3. Ex…
-glomerulonephritis... -pyelonephritis... -tumors... -a blow to the ki…
In normal urine, how many red blood ce…
2-5 per high powered field (HPF)
What is hematuria?
An increased number of RBC's in urine (>5/HPF)
1 of 10