Study sets matching "nitrite"

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Study sets matching "nitrite"

Nitrite
the presence of nitrite indicated sign…
test strip
principle of reaction
expected normal value
UTI
nitrite - Griess test
urine nitrates (bacteria reductase) --> urine nitrites... urine…
negative
the presence of nitrite indicated sign…
UTI
test strip
nitrite - Griess test
Nitrite
Nitrate
Nitrite
Carbonate
Sulfate
NO3-
NO2-
CO3 2-
SO4 2-
Nitrate
NO3-
Nitrite
NO2-
Nitrition
Nitrition
Nutrients are...
Six primary nutrients
Carbs are
The study of how food works in the body.
Chemicals the body needs to work properly
Water, protein, carbs, minerals, vitamins, fats
Main source of energy
Nitrition
The study of how food works in the body.
Nutrients are...
Chemicals the body needs to work properly
nitrition
antioxidants
what vitamin functions as a hormone
what vitamin plays a role in epinephrin?
bioavailability
vitamin E, C, A
vitamin D- it is produced in the kidney and circulated throug…
vitamin C
the rate at and the extent to which nutrient is absorbed and…
antioxidants
vitamin E, C, A
what vitamin functions as a hormone
vitamin D- it is produced in the kidney and circulated throug…
Nitrites
what do nitrites include?
what do the chemical look like?
when were they synthesized and used me…
what are they related too?
amyl, butyl, isobutil nitrie
yellow, volatile and flammable liquids having a fruity odour
1867
nitroglycerin and explosive substance
what do nitrites include?
amyl, butyl, isobutil nitrie
what do the chemical look like?
yellow, volatile and flammable liquids having a fruity odour
22 terms
Nitrition
健康
生活
食物
睡眠
jiàn kāng
shēng huó
shí wù
shuì mián
健康
jiàn kāng
生活
shēng huó
Amyl Nitrite
Class
Pharmacology and Actions
Indications
Contraindications
Nitrate
Vasodilator and smooth muscle relaxant. Amyl nitrite converts…
Cyanide poisoning
None when used to manage an acute cyanide poisoning
Class
Nitrate
Pharmacology and Actions
Vasodilator and smooth muscle relaxant. Amyl nitrite converts…
Nitrite-Sulfite
Nitrite
Oxalate
Oxide
Perchlorate
NO *2 ^-1
C2O4^-2
O^-2
C1O*4^-1
Nitrite
NO *2 ^-1
Oxalate
C2O4^-2
AMYL NITRITE
Trade Name
Classifications
Indications
Dosage Adult and Pediatric
Vaporole
Vasoldilator
Acute Cyanide Poisones
0.3 ml ampule/min crushed and inhaled for about 30 secs
Trade Name
Vaporole
Classifications
Vasoldilator
5 terms
AMYL NITRITE
AMYL NITIRIE
MOA
TARGET INDICATIONS
CONTRAINDICATIONS
...
...
...
...
AMYL NITIRIE
...
MOA
...
11 terms
Amyl Nitrite
Class:
Mechanism of Action:
Indications:
Contraindications:
Antidote
Converts hemoglobin to methemoglobin which reacts with cyanid…
Cyanide Poisoning
None in the emergency setting
Class:
Antidote
Mechanism of Action:
Converts hemoglobin to methemoglobin which reacts with cyanid…
6 terms
Amyl Nitrite
Amyl Nitrite Class
Amyl Nitrite Pharmacology
Amyl Nitrite Indications
Amyl Nitrite Contraindications
Nitrate
Vasodilator / smooth muscle relaxant. Converts hemoglobin to…
Cyanide Poisoning
None - for acute cyanide poisoning
Amyl Nitrite Class
Nitrate
Amyl Nitrite Pharmacology
Vasodilator / smooth muscle relaxant. Converts hemoglobin to…
Amyl nitrite
Amyl nitrite class
Amyl nitrite indications
Amyl nitrite Contraindications
Amyl nitrite precautions
Vasodilator, cyanide antidote
Cyanide poisoning
None in cyanide poisoning
Medication of abuse should be locked up with narcotics
Amyl nitrite class
Vasodilator, cyanide antidote
Amyl nitrite indications
Cyanide poisoning
10 terms
Amyl Nitrite
(Amyl Nitrite)... Class
(Amyl Nitrite)... Action
(Amyl Nitrite)... Indications
(Amyl Nitrite)... Contraindications
Coronary vasodilator
Smooth muscle relaxant that converts hemoglobin into methemog…
Cyanide poisoning (should be given in conjunction with sodium…
None when used for cyanide poisoning
(Amyl Nitrite)... Class
Coronary vasodilator
(Amyl Nitrite)... Action
Smooth muscle relaxant that converts hemoglobin into methemog…
Amyl Nitrite
Amyl Nitrite: Class
Amyl Nitrite: Actions
Amyl Nitrite: Indications
Amyl Nitrite: Contraindications
Antidote, cyanide poisoning adjunct
Converts hemoglobin to methemoglobin, which reacts with cyani…
Cyanide poisoning
None in the emergency setting
Amyl Nitrite: Class
Antidote, cyanide poisoning adjunct
Amyl Nitrite: Actions
Converts hemoglobin to methemoglobin, which reacts with cyani…
Amyl Nitrite
Class
Actions
Indications
Contraindications
Nitrate
Vasodilator ... Smooth Muscle Relaxant... Converts hemoglobin to me…
Cyanide Poisoning
None with acute cyanide poisoning
Class
Nitrate
Actions
Vasodilator ... Smooth Muscle Relaxant... Converts hemoglobin to me…
10 terms
Amyl Nitrite
Amyl Nitrite- Class
Amyl Nitrite- Actions
Amyl Nitrite- Indications
Amyl Nitrite- Contraindications
Antidote... Cyanide poisoning adjunct
Converts hemoglobin to methemoglobin, which reacts with cyani…
Cyanide poisoning
None in the emergency setting
Amyl Nitrite- Class
Antidote... Cyanide poisoning adjunct
Amyl Nitrite- Actions
Converts hemoglobin to methemoglobin, which reacts with cyani…
39 terms
Nitrates and Nitrites
most common exposure of nitrate and ni…
Big nitrate accumulator in crops?
plants normally extract nitrates from…
soils high in nitrate or NH3 supply mo…
PIGWEEDS... lamb's quarter... jimsonweed... smartweed... dock... nightshade…
CORN(stalks) ... SOYBEANS... SUDAN GRASS
use in amino acids
true
most common exposure of nitrate and ni…
PIGWEEDS... lamb's quarter... jimsonweed... smartweed... dock... nightshade…
Big nitrate accumulator in crops?
CORN(stalks) ... SOYBEANS... SUDAN GRASS
10 terms
Nitrates and Nitrites
sources of plants that accumulate nitr…
T/F nitrates accumulate in grains or f…
what happens to the nitrate levels whe…
other sources of nitrates and nitrites
WEEDS: pigweed... lamb's quarter... jimsonweed... nightshade and tomoa…
false... (primarily stalks/leaves)
nitrates stay the same! don't leave is dried...... BUT if you en…
fertilizer (incl manure)... -fertilizer run-off (usually this wa…
sources of plants that accumulate nitr…
WEEDS: pigweed... lamb's quarter... jimsonweed... nightshade and tomoa…
T/F nitrates accumulate in grains or f…
false... (primarily stalks/leaves)
Nitrates/Nitrites
General considerations
Nitrogen Cycle
Source
Plant Nitrates: Excessive accumulation…
The nitrate ion is both a reactant and a product in the biolo…
Atmospheric nitrogen is converted by nitrogen fixing bacteria…
Nitrite poisoning usually occurs when animals consume plants,…
Plant species, content and form of nitrogen in soil, soil con…
General considerations
The nitrate ion is both a reactant and a product in the biolo…
Nitrogen Cycle
Atmospheric nitrogen is converted by nitrogen fixing bacteria…
49 terms
Nitrates/Nitrites
General considerations... o The nitrate i…
Nitrogen cycle... • Atmospheric nitrogen…
Nitrogen cycle... • The nitrites in the s…
Nitrogen cycle... • Animals produce metab…
nitrogen
nitrates (NO3-)... nitrites (NO2-)
protein... animals... ammonia (NH3) and nitrates
ammonia and nitrates
General considerations... o The nitrate i…
nitrogen
Nitrogen cycle... • Atmospheric nitrogen…
nitrates (NO3-)... nitrites (NO2-)
21 terms
Nitrition and metabolism
Functions of protein
Essential amino acid
Nonessential amino acid
Characteristics of lipids
Used to make skin, hair, nails, muscle. Hemoglobin. Act of en…
9/20 amino acids, gets from diet
11/22 amino acids, gets from body
Insoluble in water, broken down into Glycerol and fatty acids…
Functions of protein
Used to make skin, hair, nails, muscle. Hemoglobin. Act of en…
Essential amino acid
9/20 amino acids, gets from diet
16 terms
Inhalants - Nitrites
Amyl, Butyl, and Isobutyl nitrite.
Yellow, volatile, and flammable liquid…
1867.
Nitroglycerin.
Name the 3 Nitrites.
What are the qualitative descriptions of nitrites?
When were nitrites first synthesized and used medically?
Nitrites are related to which explosive substance?
Amyl, Butyl, and Isobutyl nitrite.
Name the 3 Nitrites.
Yellow, volatile, and flammable liquid…
What are the qualitative descriptions of nitrites?
8 terms
Nitrates and Nitrites
The blood pressure-lowering benefits o…
Beetroot juice appears to reduce the o…
What ingredient in beetroot juice is l…
Individuals should avoid using which o…
C. nitric oxide
D. a and b
A. Nitrate
E. All of the above
The blood pressure-lowering benefits o…
C. nitric oxide
Beetroot juice appears to reduce the o…
D. a and b
MQ: AMYL NITRITE
AMYL NITRITE CLASS:
AMYL NITRITE ACTIONS:
AMYL NITRITE INDICATIONS:
AMYL NITRITE CONTRAINDICATIONS:
Antidote, cyanide poisoning adjunct
Converts hemoglobin to methemoglobin, which reacts with cyani…
1. Cyanide poisoning
1. None in the emergency setting
AMYL NITRITE CLASS:
Antidote, cyanide poisoning adjunct
AMYL NITRITE ACTIONS:
Converts hemoglobin to methemoglobin, which reacts with cyani…
22 terms
Ferric - Nitrite (Second 22)
ferric
ferrous
flouride
hydrogen
Fe+3
Fe+2
F-
H+
ferric
Fe+3
ferrous
Fe+2
7 terms
Amyl Nitrite (P)
Actions
Indications
Contraindications
Precautions
Causes coronary vasodilation. Removes cyanide ion via complex…
Cyanide poisoning (bitter almond smell)
None in management of cyanide poisoning
Has tendency for abuse
Actions
Causes coronary vasodilation. Removes cyanide ion via complex…
Indications
Cyanide poisoning (bitter almond smell)
11 terms
Nitrates/Nitrites
Nitrates
Nitrite poisoning:
Ruminants convert Nitrates to
Nitrates source
present in the nitrogen cycle
Usually occurs when animals (ruminants) consume too much (pla…
Nitrites: bad for everything
Plants. ... -take up nitrates by the roots and what is not used…
Nitrates
present in the nitrogen cycle
Nitrite poisoning:
Usually occurs when animals (ruminants) consume too much (pla…
Nitrates/Nitrites
Nitrate ion
Nitrogen Cycle
Plant Decay & Animal Waste
Nitrite Poisoning
both a reactant and a product in the biological nitrogen cycle
1. Atmospheric nitrogen is converted by nitrogen-fixing bacte…
Produce ammonia and nitrates that can be converted back to ni…
usually occurs when animals consume plants, feed, or water co…
Nitrate ion
both a reactant and a product in the biological nitrogen cycle
Nitrogen Cycle
1. Atmospheric nitrogen is converted by nitrogen-fixing bacte…
Nitrates and Nitrite Esters
Amyl Nitrite
glyceryl trinitrate
Nitroglycerin
Isosorbide dinitrate
...
...
...
Isordil
Amyl Nitrite
...
glyceryl trinitrate
...
13 terms
Nitrates & Nitrites
Amyl nitrite
Isosorbide dinitrate
Isosorbide dinitrate
Isosorbide dinitrate oral SR
...
Isordil
Isoket
Isochron
Amyl nitrite
...
Isosorbide dinitrate
Isordil
Nitrition- Vitamins
Vitamins
Minerals
water soluble
fat solube
organic compounds.
Have a definite chemical... composition; minerals are inorganic…
Some can cause toxicity
Can accumulate in the body
Vitamins
organic compounds.
Minerals
Have a definite chemical... composition; minerals are inorganic…
15 terms
4, Nitrate & Nitrite
Look at slide 1-3
What are the factors that favor plant…
True or false (slide 5): Decreased lig…
Which of the following contains the mo…
.
D.
True
A. ... # D. has least amount... Stalk>stem>Leaf>seed
Look at slide 1-3
.
What are the factors that favor plant…
D.
10 terms
Nitrite reduction Ex 23
Nitrogen is important for
amino acids make
assimilatory
dissimilatory
growth
proteins
many bacteria, fungi and plants
some bacteria, terminal electron acceptor. surive without oxy…
Nitrogen is important for
growth
amino acids make
proteins
18 terms
Nitrate and Nitrite reduction and MORE
assimilatory nitrate reduction
using nitrate as an electron acceptor…
nitrate is found in___habitats
nitrate is reduced to nitrite by
reducing nitrate to ammonium ion for use as an N- source
dissimilatory nitrate reduction
aerobic habitates where it is usually formed from ammoniua ox…
nitrate reductase (Nar)
assimilatory nitrate reduction
reducing nitrate to ammonium ion for use as an N- source
using nitrate as an electron acceptor…
dissimilatory nitrate reduction
6 terms
Leukocytes and Nitrite CM Lab
Leukocytes
Indoxylcarbonic acid ester... Diazonium s…
Purple
Nitrite
Reagent Strip Test Granulocytic Esterase Reaction (Test for w…
Reagent Strip Test Granulocytic Esterase Reaction (Reagent/s)
Reagent Strip Test Granulocytic Esterase Reaction (Positive R…
Reagent Strip Test Greiss Reaction (Test for what?)
Leukocytes
Reagent Strip Test Granulocytic Esterase Reaction (Test for w…
Indoxylcarbonic acid ester... Diazonium s…
Reagent Strip Test Granulocytic Esterase Reaction (Reagent/s)
NITRITE (PINK AZODYE)
Rapid screening
Bladder, renal pelvis, tubules
T
T
The reagent pad for nitrite provides a _____ test for the pre…
UTI can involve the _____, the ____ and ____ or both
T OR F... One possible route for UTI is movement of bacteria up…
T OR F... Movement of bacteria from the bloodstream into the ki…
Rapid screening
The reagent pad for nitrite provides a _____ test for the pre…
Bladder, renal pelvis, tubules
UTI can involve the _____, the ____ and ____ or both
8 terms
amyl nitrite---scope
class
mech of action
indications
contraindications
anitdote, cyanide poisoning adjunct
converts hemoglobin to methemoglobin, which reacts with cyani…
cyanide poisioning
none emergency setting
class
anitdote, cyanide poisoning adjunct
mech of action
converts hemoglobin to methemoglobin, which reacts with cyani…
29 terms
Nitrate/nitrite Toxicology
What are the three overall routes of n…
What are the various ways by which a p…
What are the physical properties of ni…
How can nitrates be removed from water?
1. Accidental... 2. Abuse... 3. Medications
-Ammonium nitrate in cold packs... -Nitrous gases from welding... -…
Colourless, tasteless, odourless and cannot be removed by boi…
By ion exchange, distillation or reverse osmosis
What are the three overall routes of n…
1. Accidental... 2. Abuse... 3. Medications
What are the various ways by which a p…
-Ammonium nitrate in cold packs... -Nitrous gases from welding... -…
47 terms
CLin Lab: urine: Protien-- Nitrite
What is normal levels of Protien in th…
What are the 6 types of proteins that…
What is the most common Protien found…
What Protien in the urine is the most…
NONE detected
1)albumins... 2)globulins... 3)hemoglobin... 4)fibrinogen... 5)nucleoprot…
Albumin
Albumin... Why?... -kidney pathology, especially glomerular damage…
What is normal levels of Protien in th…
NONE detected
What are the 6 types of proteins that…
1)albumins... 2)globulins... 3)hemoglobin... 4)fibrinogen... 5)nucleoprot…
20 terms
L10: Nitrate and Nitrite Toxicity
Denitrifying bacteria
Nitrogen-fixing bacteria
Nitrogen cycle
Sources of nitrate in groundwater
A group of bacteria that reduce nitrates or nitrites to nitro…
fix atmospheric nitrogen into ammonia
Nitrogen in atmosphere is fixed by nitrogen-fixing bacteria i…
- fertiliser... - manure... - decaying organic matter... - natural... th…
Denitrifying bacteria
A group of bacteria that reduce nitrates or nitrites to nitro…
Nitrogen-fixing bacteria
fix atmospheric nitrogen into ammonia
Nitrition And Diets Chapter 11
absorption
anorexia
antioxidants
atherosclerosis
taking in of nutrients
loss of appetite
enzymes or organic molecules
form of arteriosclerosis characterised by accumulation of fat…
absorption
taking in of nutrients
anorexia
loss of appetite
5 terms
Organic Nitrates and nitrites
AMYL NITRITE... volatile put in ampules…
NITROGLYCERIN... can be sublingual spray…
ISOSORBIDE MONONITRATE... longer DOA tha…
PENTAERYTHRITOL TETRANITRATE... taken of…
AMYL NITRITE... volatile put in ampules…
NITROGLYCERIN... can be sublingual spray…
Chapter 2 food and nitrition
Cholesterol
Complete protein
Dietary supplement
Fiber
Fat like substance that occurs naturally
Contains all nine of the essential amino acids
Purified nutrient manufactured or extracted from natural sour…
Indigestible material
Cholesterol
Fat like substance that occurs naturally
Complete protein
Contains all nine of the essential amino acids
5 terms
Organic Nitrates and nitrites
AMYL NITRITE... volatile put in ampules…
NITROGLYCERIN... can be sublingual spray…
ISOSORBIDE MONONITRATE... longer DOA tha…
PENTAERYTHRITOL TETRANITRATE... taken of…
AMYL NITRITE... volatile put in ampules…
NITROGLYCERIN... can be sublingual spray…
antianginals nitrates & nitrites
common drugs
moa
indications for nitroglycerin
indications for isosorbide dinitrate &…
Nitroglycerin, isosorbide dinitrate, isosorbide mononitrate
dilate BV= reduced lower left ventricular pressure
given at onset of angina, PE
prevention of recurrent angina
common drugs
Nitroglycerin, isosorbide dinitrate, isosorbide mononitrate
moa
dilate BV= reduced lower left ventricular pressure
Antianginal Drugs: Nitrates and Nitrites
Antianginals dialate all of these in t…
Antinginal drug... Generic: Isosorbide di…
Antianginal drug... Generic: Isosorbide m…
Antianginal drug... Generic:Nitroglycerin
blood vessels
Trade: Isordil
Trade: Imdur
Trade: Nitrostate, nitrobid, ntg
Antianginals dialate all of these in t…
blood vessels
Antinginal drug... Generic: Isosorbide di…
Trade: Isordil
37 terms
Nitrition Chapter 8
Vitamin
Fat-soluble vitamins
Water-soluble vitamins
Coenzyme
Compound needed in small amounts in the diet to help regulate…
Vitamins that dissolve in fat and such substances as ether an…
Vitamins that dissolve in water. These vitamins are the B,C
A compound that combines with an inactive enzyme to form a ca…
Vitamin
Compound needed in small amounts in the diet to help regulate…
Fat-soluble vitamins
Vitamins that dissolve in fat and such substances as ether an…
20 terms
Nitrition Chapter 4 Vocab
chelating agents
complex carbohydrates
diverticula
fasting plasma glucose test
Molecules that attract or bind with other molecules and are t…
Long chains of sugar units arranged to form starch or fiber,…
Sacs or pouches that balloon out of the intestinal wall, caus…
A blood test that measures current blood glucose in a person…
chelating agents
Molecules that attract or bind with other molecules and are t…
complex carbohydrates
Long chains of sugar units arranged to form starch or fiber,…
6 terms
LA Tox- Nitrates and nitrites
Sources of Nitrates & Nitrites
Toxicity of Nitrates & Nitrites
Chronic nitrates & nitrites?
Diagnosis of Nitrates & Nitrites
Most common exposure is consumption of plants which accum nit…
Nitrates (NO3-) are conv to nitrites (NO2-) in the rumen & to…
-Chronic effects of nitrates from field reports, not reproduc…
-Hx of sudden death or deaths assoc with dyspnea in cattle on…
Sources of Nitrates & Nitrites
Most common exposure is consumption of plants which accum nit…
Toxicity of Nitrates & Nitrites
Nitrates (NO3-) are conv to nitrites (NO2-) in the rumen & to…
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