Study sets matching "npte"

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Study sets matching "npte"

124 terms
NPTE
Palmar grasp
Plantar grasp
Moro reflex
ATNR... (Asymmetric Tonic Neck Reflex)
0-4 mo
0-9 mo
0-4 mo... Neck ext --> Shoulder abd/elbow ext --> Shoulder add/…
0-5 mo... Archer's position... Once integrated, baby can turn head…
Palmar grasp
0-4 mo
Plantar grasp
0-9 mo
58 terms
NPTE
5 Characteristics of Synovial joints
Name the 5 Joint receptors
Class 1 lever
Class 2 lever
synovial fluid, synovial membrane, joint cavity, articular ca…
Free nerve endings, golgi ligament endings, golgi-mazzoni cor…
Axis of rotation (fulcrum) between the effort (force) and the…
Load between fulcrum and force. Wheelbarrow is an example. Le…
5 Characteristics of Synovial joints
synovial fluid, synovial membrane, joint cavity, articular ca…
Name the 5 Joint receptors
Free nerve endings, golgi ligament endings, golgi-mazzoni cor…
986 terms
NPTE
Vex/Cave Rule for capitate, lunate, sc…
Loose packed position for GH Joint?
Loose packed position for Humeroulnar…
Loose packed Position for Proximal Rad…
Vex=Opp
50-70 Deg Abd, 35 Deg Horz Abd
70 deg flex, 10 deg Sup
Full Ext 35 deg Sup
Vex/Cave Rule for capitate, lunate, sc…
Vex=Opp
Loose packed position for GH Joint?
50-70 Deg Abd, 35 Deg Horz Abd
52 terms
NPTE
cemented THR
Non cementental THR
Post op complications associated w/THR
Post op TKR complications
Immediate WBAT (weight bearing as tolerated). May require mor…
TTWB for up to 6 wks. longer life expectancy than cemented. A…
DVT, dislocation/subluxation, pulmonary embolus, infection, h…
DVT, chronic jt effusion, infection, periprosthetic fracture,…
cemented THR
Immediate WBAT (weight bearing as tolerated). May require mor…
Non cementental THR
TTWB for up to 6 wks. longer life expectancy than cemented. A…
990 terms
NPTE
Vex/Cave Rule for capitate, lunate, sc…
Loose packed position for GH Joint?
Loose packed position for Humeroulnar…
Loose packed Position for Proximal Rad…
Vex=Opp
55° Abd, 30° Horz Abd
70° flex, 10° Sup
Full Ext 35° Sup
Vex/Cave Rule for capitate, lunate, sc…
Vex=Opp
Loose packed position for GH Joint?
55° Abd, 30° Horz Abd
43 terms
NPTE - Muscle Action
TMJ Depress
TMJ Elevation
TMJ Protrusion
TMJ Retraction
Lateral pteryoid, Suprahyoid, Infrahyoid
Medial pterygoid, Masseter, Temporalis
Lateral pterygoid, Medial pterygoid, Masseter
Masseter, Temporalis, Digastric
TMJ Depress
Lateral pteryoid, Suprahyoid, Infrahyoid
TMJ Elevation
Medial pterygoid, Masseter, Temporalis
15 terms
NPTE
What is the Q-angle?
What are common symptoms of Bell's Pal…
What are normal cholesterol levels? HD…
Name the Cranial nerves and their acti…
Angle created by quadriceps muscle and patellar tendon. An an…
Facial droop on one side, decreased closure of one eye, and i…
Total cholesterol <200 mg / dL... HDL >40 mg/ dL... LDL< 90 mg / dL
1. Olfactory- smell... 2. Optic- vision... 3. Oculomotor- pupillary…
What is the Q-angle?
Angle created by quadriceps muscle and patellar tendon. An an…
What are common symptoms of Bell's Pal…
Facial droop on one side, decreased closure of one eye, and i…
932 terms
NPTE
dysarthria
Upper, Middle, and Lower Subscapular N…
Beginning of impaired balance in Parki…
3 Phases of Fracture Healing ... **they…
difficult or unclear articulation of speech that is otherwise…
1) Upper Subscapular Nerve --> Upper Subscapularis... 2) Middle…
H&Y Stage III
1) INFLAMMATION PHASE: bleeding, migration of bioactive cells…
dysarthria
difficult or unclear articulation of speech that is otherwise…
Upper, Middle, and Lower Subscapular N…
1) Upper Subscapular Nerve --> Upper Subscapularis... 2) Middle…
80 terms
NPTE Terms
Athetosis
Dysmetria
Dysdiadochokinesia
Preservation of Achilles reflex
Characterized by extraneous and involuntary movements, slowne…
Occurs w/ cerebellar lesions and defined as inability to appr…
Occurs with cerebellar lesions and is defined as the inabilit…
Absence of achilles reflex is characteristic of tibial nerve…
Athetosis
Characterized by extraneous and involuntary movements, slowne…
Dysmetria
Occurs w/ cerebellar lesions and defined as inability to appr…
124 terms
NPTE Conditions
Degenerative joint disease; Osteoarthr…
Ankylosing spondylitis / Marie-Strumpe…
Gout
Psoriatic arthritis
Affects weight bearing joints... Films will show diminished join…
Rheumatoid condition... Progressive inflammatory disorder that i…
Rheumatoid condition... Genetic disorder of purine metabolism... In…
Rheumatoid condition... Associated with psoriasis... Occurs in join…
Degenerative joint disease; Osteoarthr…
Affects weight bearing joints... Films will show diminished join…
Ankylosing spondylitis / Marie-Strumpe…
Rheumatoid condition... Progressive inflammatory disorder that i…
1,749 terms
Neuromuscular NPTE
Meniere's disease
BPPV
Optimal positions for ventilation of a…
Semi-Fowler's position
chronic vestibular disorder characterized by nausea and vomit…
episodic vertigo, nausea, blurred vision and autonomic change…
Supine, HOB flat
head is raised between 15-45 degree
Meniere's disease
chronic vestibular disorder characterized by nausea and vomit…
BPPV
episodic vertigo, nausea, blurred vision and autonomic change…
361 terms
NPTE Exam Terms
Cor Pulmonale
Anemia
Diaphoresis
Dysphonia
Right-sided heart failure arising from disease of the lungs.…
Decrease in the number of red blood cells that carry oxygen i…
profuse perspiration and is often associated with shock or ot…
Disorder of vocalization characterized by an abnormal product…
Cor Pulmonale
Right-sided heart failure arising from disease of the lungs.…
Anemia
Decrease in the number of red blood cells that carry oxygen i…
47 terms
NPTE Pharmacology
Seconal (secobarbital)
Klonopin (clonazepam)
Depakote (valproic acid)
Dilantin (phenytoin)
Antileptic Agent
Antileptic Agent
Antileptic Agent
Antileptic Agent
Seconal (secobarbital)
Antileptic Agent
Klonopin (clonazepam)
Antileptic Agent
28 terms
NPTE - Muscles
Dorsal scapular
Long thoracic
Subclavius
Suprascapular
Rhomboids... Levator scap
Serratus anterior
Subclavius
Infraspinatus ... Supraspinatus
Dorsal scapular
Rhomboids... Levator scap
Long thoracic
Serratus anterior
17 terms
Neuromuscular NPTE:
Where do ascending tracts relay feedba…
Fasciculus Cuneatus (portion of Poster…
Fasciculus Gracilis (portion of poster…
Spinal Cerebellar Tract (Dorsal)
Relay sensory feedback to the cerebrum (frontal, parietal, te…
ASCENDING TRACT... Sensory tract for trunk, neck and upper extre…
ASCENDING TRACT... sensory tract for trunk and lower extremity p…
ASCENDING TRACT... Sensory tract that ascends to the cerebellum…
Where do ascending tracts relay feedba…
Relay sensory feedback to the cerebrum (frontal, parietal, te…
Fasciculus Cuneatus (portion of Poster…
ASCENDING TRACT... Sensory tract for trunk, neck and upper extre…
66 terms
NPTE Pharmacology
NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammator…
COX-2 Inhibitors
Tylenol (Acetominophen)
Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs…
Most commonly prescribed drug for musculoskeletal pain. Analg…
less GI irritation than NSAIDs. May have secondary relationsh…
Rx when NSAIDs not recommended. Analgesic, antipyretic effect…
Slow/stop rheumatic disease progression. Modify and inhibit p…
NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammator…
Most commonly prescribed drug for musculoskeletal pain. Analg…
COX-2 Inhibitors
less GI irritation than NSAIDs. May have secondary relationsh…
92 terms
NPTE Mnemonics
Deep tendon reflexes:... One, two-- buckl…
Atrioventricular valves... "LAB RAT":
Cubital Fossa Content... "Really Need Boo…
Flexor digitorum muscles: how they ins…
S1,2 = ankle jerk... L3,4 = knee jerk... C5,6 = biceps and brachior…
Left Atrium: Bicuspid... Right Atrium: Tricuspid
• From lateral to medial:... Radial Nerve... Biceps Tendon... Brachial…
Superficialis Splits in two,... To Permit Profundus Passing thro…
Deep tendon reflexes:... One, two-- buckl…
S1,2 = ankle jerk... L3,4 = knee jerk... C5,6 = biceps and brachior…
Atrioventricular valves... "LAB RAT":
Left Atrium: Bicuspid... Right Atrium: Tricuspid
62 terms
NPTE - Integumentary
Dermatitis
Herpes Simplex
Herpes 2
Psoriasis Treatment
Inflammation - itching, redness, weeping, crusted lesions... no…
Face/mouth cold sore
Genital herpes
Long wave UV Light
Dermatitis
Inflammation - itching, redness, weeping, crusted lesions... no…
Herpes Simplex
Face/mouth cold sore
pediatrics npte
score of good on apgar test
apgar screening test
ROM of newborns
flexor withdrawal reflex
7
administered to newborns at 1,5, and 10 minutes after birth
phsiological flexion but increased dorsiflexion at ankles
sharp quick pressure to sole or palm causes withdrawal
score of good on apgar test
7
apgar screening test
administered to newborns at 1,5, and 10 minutes after birth
20 terms
NPTE Vocab Part III
Pallanesthesia
Hypoesthesia
Amyloidosis
Peripheral Neuropathy
loss of vibration sensation
diminished sensation of touch
a rare conditions that results from the accumulation of impro…
impairment or dysfunction of the peripheral nerves; associate…
Pallanesthesia
loss of vibration sensation
Hypoesthesia
diminished sensation of touch
49 terms
NPTE - Integument
key fn of integumentary system
phases of wound healing
primary intention - healing
secondary intention - healing
protection... sensation... thermoregulation... sweating... vit D synthesis
1. inflammatory (1-10 d) - reestablish homeostasis with clott…
-acute wounds with min tissue loss... -smooth edges reapproximat…
-wounds cloase on their own... -significant tissue loss/necrosis…
key fn of integumentary system
protection... sensation... thermoregulation... sweating... vit D synthesis
phases of wound healing
1. inflammatory (1-10 d) - reestablish homeostasis with clott…
NPTE Wounds
a selective method of natural debridem…
Indications:... -individuals on anticoagu…
A selective methof of chemical debride…
Indications:... -all moist necrotic wound…
Autolytic
Autolytic
enzymatic
enzymatic
a selective method of natural debridem…
Autolytic
Indications:... -individuals on anticoagu…
Autolytic
1,537 terms
MSK NPTE
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
Common areas of compression in TOS
Adson Manuever
Halstead maneuver
compression of neurovascular bundle (brachial plexus subclavi…
Superior thoracic outlet... scalene triangle... between clavicle…
FOR TOS... start in sit or stand. PT monitors the radial pulse…
FOR TOS... sitting over edge of a table. The therapist palpates…
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
compression of neurovascular bundle (brachial plexus subclavi…
Common areas of compression in TOS
Superior thoracic outlet... scalene triangle... between clavicle…
334 terms
NPTE - Musculoskeletal
First Class Lever
Second Class Lever
Third Class Levers
Vertebral Loose Packed
Triceps
Toe Raises
Biceps - most common in human body
Mid Flex and Ext
First Class Lever
Triceps
Second Class Lever
Toe Raises
86 terms
NPTE CARDIOVASCULAR
Normal FEV1/FVC Ratios...
Inspiratory capacity
Define Cor Pulmonale
Glossopharangeal breathing is most lik…
Are closer to 1 OR >70%
The maximal volume that can be inspired following normal expi…
Failure or hypertrophy of R ventricle resulting from disorder…
High spinal cord injuries
Normal FEV1/FVC Ratios...
Are closer to 1 OR >70%
Inspiratory capacity
The maximal volume that can be inspired following normal expi…
33 terms
NPTE Review
trapezoid at wrist
navicular and cuneiform at STJ
cuboid, calcaneusnat STJ for inv/ev
mandible
concave on convex
concave on convex
convex on concave
convex on concave
trapezoid at wrist
concave on convex
navicular and cuneiform at STJ
concave on convex
1,749 terms
Neuromuscular NPTE
Meniere's disease
BPPV
Optimal positions for ventilation of a…
Semi-Fowler's position
chronic vestibular disorder characterized by nausea and vomit…
episodic vertigo, nausea, blurred vision and autonomic change…
Supine, HOB flat
head is raised between 15-45 degree
Meniere's disease
chronic vestibular disorder characterized by nausea and vomit…
BPPV
episodic vertigo, nausea, blurred vision and autonomic change…
37 terms
NPTE - Gait
Heel Strike/Initial Contact
Foot Flat/Loading Response
Mid Stance
Heel Off/Terminal Stance
Instant heel strikes ground... Muscles... -Knee Extensors eccentri…
From initial contact to when opposite leg comes off ground... M…
From contralateral foot off to ipsilateral heel off... Muscles…
As heel starts to leave ground, at end initial contact of oth…
Heel Strike/Initial Contact
Instant heel strikes ground... Muscles... -Knee Extensors eccentri…
Foot Flat/Loading Response
From initial contact to when opposite leg comes off ground... M…
25 terms
NPTE-Modalities
Superficial Tissues
Amplitude
Conventional TENS
Iontophoresis
If the electrodes are and close proximity the current is more…
Refers to the magnitude of the current. Often expressed in vo…
Characterized by delivery of electrical pulses having short d…
Process by which ions are introduced into the body through sk…
Superficial Tissues
If the electrodes are and close proximity the current is more…
Amplitude
Refers to the magnitude of the current. Often expressed in vo…
212 terms
NPTE - Cardiopulmonary
End Systolic Volume
End Diastolic Volume
Stroke Volume
Frank Starling Law
Amount of blood in ventricles after systole - about 50 ml
Amount of blood in the ventricles after diastole - about 120ml
Blood ejected per contraction. Normal 55-100ml
The greater the amount of diastolic filling (preload), the gr…
End Systolic Volume
Amount of blood in ventricles after systole - about 50 ml
End Diastolic Volume
Amount of blood in the ventricles after diastole - about 120ml
34 terms
Neuro- NPTE
Choroid plexus
syringomyelia
Blood brain barrier
brain hemisphere- language
makes CSF
excess CSF in spinal cord
meninges, glial cells, capillary bed
left hemisphere
Choroid plexus
makes CSF
syringomyelia
excess CSF in spinal cord
266 terms
NPTE - Neuromuscular
Caudate Loop
Putamen Loop
Limbic Circuit
Flocculonodular Lobe
Oculomotor Circuit... From frontal motor eye fields to caudate... d…
Motor Loop... From precentral and post central gyrus to putamen…
Prefrontal and limbic areas to basal ganglia... Organize behavio…
Archicerebellum... Connects with vestibulum... equilibrium and musc…
Caudate Loop
Oculomotor Circuit... From frontal motor eye fields to caudate... d…
Putamen Loop
Motor Loop... From precentral and post central gyrus to putamen…
85 terms
NPTE - Neuromuscular
The anterior and lateral spinothalamic…
What sensation does the spinoreticular…
Are the medial and lateral vestibulosp…
Where does the rubrospinal tract origi…
Lissauer's tract... crude touch... temperature
deep chronic pain
descending... muscle tone, antigravity muscles, postural reflexes
Red nucleus
The anterior and lateral spinothalamic…
Lissauer's tract... crude touch... temperature
What sensation does the spinoreticular…
deep chronic pain
5 terms
031 NPTE - Wheelchair Measurements
Seat Height
Seat Depth
Seat Width
Back Height
Pt's heel to popliteal fold plus 2 inches
Pt's posterior buttock, along lateral thigh, to popliteal fol…
Widest asepct of pt's buttucks, hips, or thighs plus 2 inches
Pt's axilla to seat minus 4 inches... (if seat cushion is used,…
Seat Height
Pt's heel to popliteal fold plus 2 inches
Seat Depth
Pt's posterior buttock, along lateral thigh, to popliteal fol…
417 terms
NPTE Neuro
Autonomic dysreflexia
Gaze evoked nystagmus is present in…
Gray matter
White matter
Massive sympathetic discharge associated with spinal cord inj…
multiple sclerosis
Unmyelinated neurons → contains capillaries, *glial cells,…
Myelinated neurons → contains nerve fiberss* without dendri…
Autonomic dysreflexia
Massive sympathetic discharge associated with spinal cord inj…
Gaze evoked nystagmus is present in…
multiple sclerosis
203 terms
NPTE: Ortho
Which tests would you use for biceps t…
What tests would you use for RCT/patho…
What tests would you use for TOS?
What tests would you use for epicondyl…
Speed's, Yergason's
Drop arm, Hawkin's Kennedy, Neer impingement, Supraspinatus t…
Adson maneuver, allen test, Roos test, costoclavicular syndro…
Cozen's ... Lateral or medial epicondylitis test... Mills ... Tinels-…
Which tests would you use for biceps t…
Speed's, Yergason's
What tests would you use for RCT/patho…
Drop arm, Hawkin's Kennedy, Neer impingement, Supraspinatus t…
268 terms
NPTE: Ortho
What is the normal range for shoulder…
What is the normal ROM for shoulder IR…
What is normal ROM for elbow flexion?
What is normal ROM for pronation/supin…
0-60 degrees
IR= 0- (60-100)... ER= 0-90
0-150
80-90/90
What is the normal range for shoulder…
0-60 degrees
What is the normal ROM for shoulder IR…
IR= 0- (60-100)... ER= 0-90
317 terms
NPTE Cardiopulmonary.
Systolic pressure
What is Paget-Schroetter syndrome?
Describe the location of pain often co…
Diastolic pressure
Measurement of force exerted against the arteries during the…
DVT of the upper extremity caused by weight lifting; it r…
- Pain in buttock/hip/thigh: ... • aorta... • iliac... - *Pain in c…
Measurement of force exerted against the arteries during rest
Systolic pressure
Measurement of force exerted against the arteries during the…
What is Paget-Schroetter syndrome?
DVT of the upper extremity caused by weight lifting; it r…
NPTE: Iontophoresis
How does it work?
What type of current?
Cathode
Anode
Like charges repel each other.... A positively charged medicati…
Continuous... Unidirectional/Monophasic
Negative... (cat bearing its claws=bad!)
Positive... (getting an A=good!)
How does it work?
Like charges repel each other.... A positively charged medicati…
What type of current?
Continuous... Unidirectional/Monophasic
42 terms
Peds NPTE
1 month
2 month
3 months
4 months
Decreased Flexion... Momentary head elevation... Tracks moving obje…
Head elevation to 45 degrees in prone; prone on elbows w/ elb…
Prone on elbows, weight bearing on forearms... Elbows in line w/…
Rolls prone to side, supine to side... Sits with support... No head…
1 month
Decreased Flexion... Momentary head elevation... Tracks moving obje…
2 month
Head elevation to 45 degrees in prone; prone on elbows w/ elb…
346 terms
Exits and NPTE
Film Dressings
Foam Dressings
Amorphous Hydrogels Dressing
Fixed hydrogels Dressing
Moisture and oxygen permeable... 1. Minor abrasions... 2. Stage 1 p…
Polyurethane... Absorbs exudate from the wound while maintaining…
Polymers with high water content... Absorbs water. Fit into cavi…
- thin flexible sheets ... -swell in size until saturated... -absor…
Film Dressings
Moisture and oxygen permeable... 1. Minor abrasions... 2. Stage 1 p…
Foam Dressings
Polyurethane... Absorbs exudate from the wound while maintaining…
152 terms
Muscles NPTE
Serratus anterior
Trapezius
Levator scapulae
• Rhomboideus major
o Origin: Nearly all ribs (wraps around front)... o Insertion:…
O: occipital bone, spines of C7-T4 (mainly thoracic spines)…
o Origin: cervical vertebrae 1-4... o Insertion: superior angle…
o Origin: Thoracic spines 2-5... o Insertion: medial boarder of…
Serratus anterior
o Origin: Nearly all ribs (wraps around front)... o Insertion:…
Trapezius
O: occipital bone, spines of C7-T4 (mainly thoracic spines)…
270 terms
NPTE Musculoskeletal
ATP-PC System
Anaerobic Glycolysis
Aerobic Metabolism
Fibrous Joints
•Energy for high intensity, short duration... • 2-3x more phosph…
•Major supplier of ATP during high intensity, short duration…
• Low intensity, long duration... • Yields the most ATP through…
•Composed of bone,... Nonsynovial... • Minimal to no movement... • Typ…
ATP-PC System
•Energy for high intensity, short duration... • 2-3x more phosph…
Anaerobic Glycolysis
•Major supplier of ATP during high intensity, short duration…
NPTE - Musculoskeletal
First Class Lever
Second Class Lever
Third Class Levers
Vertebral Loose Packed
Triceps
Toe Raises
Biceps - most common in human body
Mid Flex and Ext
First Class Lever
Triceps
Second Class Lever
Toe Raises
176 terms
NPTE Terminology
(Gait) Cadence: what is it and what is…
(Gait) Degree of toe out: what is normal
(Gait) How is the gait cycle defined?
(Gait) What is normal pelvic rotation?
number of steps an individual will walk over a period of time…
7 degrees
From initial contact of one heel until IC of the same heel
4 degrees forward with swing and 4 degrees backwards during s…
(Gait) Cadence: what is it and what is…
number of steps an individual will walk over a period of time…
(Gait) Degree of toe out: what is normal
7 degrees
77 terms
NPTE- Pediatrics
Which direction does motor development…
What is Gestational age?
What is the normal Gestational period?
At how many weeks is an infant conside…
Cephalocaudal and proximal to distal
Age of fetus or newborn in weeks after mother's last menstrua…
38-42 weeks
<37 weeks
Which direction does motor development…
Cephalocaudal and proximal to distal
What is Gestational age?
Age of fetus or newborn in weeks after mother's last menstrua…
1,176 terms
Cardiovascular NPTE
.
120 ml
Arise directly from aorta near aortic…
R atrium... Most of R ventricle... Inferior…
.
Typical end-diastolic volume
Coronary Arteries: Origin
Coronary Arteries: Area supplied by RCA
.
.
120 ml
Typical end-diastolic volume
52 terms
NPTE Nonsystem
A hemi- or low-seat wheelchair has a s…
standard seat height for wheelchair
why would a relatively long ramp-up ti…
what is the most commonly prescribed t…
17.5... propel the WC using the sound U&LEs
20"
to minimize stimulating muscle too quickly and increasing spa…
SACH solid ankle cushion heel (it is non-articulated)... contain…
A hemi- or low-seat wheelchair has a s…
17.5... propel the WC using the sound U&LEs
standard seat height for wheelchair
20"
53 terms
028a NPTE - Cardiovascular
Cholesterol... (normal values)
Blood glucose... (normal)
HbA1c... (normal)
Blood pressure... (desired)
Total: < 200 mg/dL... LDL: < 160 mg/dL (low risk)... HDL: *> 40…
fasting: < 110... glucose tolerance test: < 140
< 7%... (measuring glycated Hb, so lower is better)
S: 90-119 (<120)... D: 60-79 (<80)
Cholesterol... (normal values)
Total: < 200 mg/dL... LDL: < 160 mg/dL (low risk)... HDL: *> 40…
Blood glucose... (normal)
fasting: < 110... glucose tolerance test: < 140
54 terms
026 NPTE - O&P
Transfemoral Components:... Socket
Transfemoral Components:... Suspension
Transfemoral Components:... Knee
Transfemoral Components:... Shank
- Quadrilateral... - Ischial Containment
Complete suction or Partial suction (bandage or band)
- Single axis knee or Polycentric knee... - Constant, variable,…
- Exoskeleton (rigid)... - Endoskeleton (pylon with foam)
Transfemoral Components:... Socket
- Quadrilateral... - Ischial Containment
Transfemoral Components:... Suspension
Complete suction or Partial suction (bandage or band)
2 of 10