Study sets matching "npte"

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Study sets matching "npte"

33 terms
NPTE Review
trapezoid at wrist
navicular and cuneiform at STJ
cuboid, calcaneusnat STJ for inv/ev
mandible
concave on convex
concave on convex
convex on concave
convex on concave
trapezoid at wrist
concave on convex
navicular and cuneiform at STJ
concave on convex
85 terms
NPTE - Neuromuscular
The anterior and lateral spinothalamic…
What sensation does the spinoreticular…
Are the medial and lateral vestibulosp…
Where does the rubrospinal tract origi…
Lissauer's tract... crude touch... temperature
deep chronic pain
descending... muscle tone, antigravity muscles, postural reflexes
Red nucleus
The anterior and lateral spinothalamic…
Lissauer's tract... crude touch... temperature
What sensation does the spinoreticular…
deep chronic pain
147 terms
NPTE: Prep
Ringworm is a __________ infection tha…
True or False - Athletes foot can prog…
What kind of precautions should you us…
This Autoimmune skin disorder is chara…
Fungal infection by direct contact
True
Standard precautions
Psoriasis
Ringworm is a __________ infection tha…
Fungal infection by direct contact
True or False - Athletes foot can prog…
True
346 terms
Exits and NPTE
Film Dressings
Foam Dressings
Amorphous Hydrogels Dressing
Fixed hydrogels Dressing
Moisture and oxygen permeable... 1. Minor abrasions... 2. Stage 1 p…
Polyurethane... Absorbs exudate from the wound while maintaining…
Polymers with high water content... Absorbs water. Fit into cavi…
- thin flexible sheets ... -swell in size until saturated... -absor…
Film Dressings
Moisture and oxygen permeable... 1. Minor abrasions... 2. Stage 1 p…
Foam Dressings
Polyurethane... Absorbs exudate from the wound while maintaining…
NPTE: Iontophoresis
How does it work?
What type of current?
Cathode
Anode
Like charges repel each other.... A positively charged medicati…
Continuous... Unidirectional/Monophasic
Negative... (cat bearing its claws=bad!)
Positive... (getting an A=good!)
How does it work?
Like charges repel each other.... A positively charged medicati…
What type of current?
Continuous... Unidirectional/Monophasic
20 terms
NPTE Vocab Part III
Pallanesthesia
Hypoesthesia
Amyloidosis
Peripheral Neuropathy
loss of vibration sensation
diminished sensation of touch
a rare conditions that results from the accumulation of impro…
impairment or dysfunction of the peripheral nerves; associate…
Pallanesthesia
loss of vibration sensation
Hypoesthesia
diminished sensation of touch
176 terms
NPTE Terminology
(Gait) Cadence: what is it and what is…
(Gait) Degree of toe out: what is normal
(Gait) How is the gait cycle defined?
(Gait) What is normal pelvic rotation?
number of steps an individual will walk over a period of time…
7 degrees
From initial contact of one heel until IC of the same heel
4 degrees forward with swing and 4 degrees backwards during s…
(Gait) Cadence: what is it and what is…
number of steps an individual will walk over a period of time…
(Gait) Degree of toe out: what is normal
7 degrees
78 terms
NPTE special tests
Yergason's
Speed's test
Neer's impingement test
Empty can test
Integrity of transverse ligament
Bicipital tendonosis/tendonopathy
Impingement of long head of biceps and the supraspinatus
Impingement of the supraspinatus
Yergason's
Integrity of transverse ligament
Speed's test
Bicipital tendonosis/tendonopathy
6 terms
029a NPTE - Lab Values: ABGs
SpO2
PaO2
PaCO2
Blood pH
Normal: 98-100%... <88-90% usually requires supplemental O2
90-100 mmHg... ↑ in hyperoxygenation... ↓ in cardiac decompensati…
35-45 mmHg... ↑ in COPD, hypoventilation... ↓ in hyperventilation…
7.35-7.45... ↑ in sepsis, liver disease, fever, vomiting, pota…
SpO2
Normal: 98-100%... <88-90% usually requires supplemental O2
PaO2
90-100 mmHg... ↑ in hyperoxygenation... ↓ in cardiac decompensati…
59 terms
NPTE 1
Diaphragm Level of Innervation
Metabolic Syndrome Diagnosis
Hyperpnea
R scoliosis direction
C3, C4, C5
Fasting Glucose >100mg/dL... Blood pressure >130/85mmHg... Triglyce…
Increased depth of breathing when required to met metabolic d…
Convex portion is to the R. Spine has left side bend througho…
Diaphragm Level of Innervation
C3, C4, C5
Metabolic Syndrome Diagnosis
Fasting Glucose >100mg/dL... Blood pressure >130/85mmHg... Triglyce…
25 terms
NPTE Ortho
Meralgia Parasthetica
Superior Gluteal Nerve
Obturator + Femoral Nerve
Tibial Nerve
Lateral femoral cutaneous n. pain.... -lateral pain with increas…
L4-S1: glute med, glute min, TFL
L2 - L4... Obturator: adductors... Femoral: quads, iliopsoas, s…
L4-S3: hams, calves, tib post, flex dig long, flex hallucis…
Meralgia Parasthetica
Lateral femoral cutaneous n. pain.... -lateral pain with increas…
Superior Gluteal Nerve
L4-S1: glute med, glute min, TFL
Cardiopulm NPTE
atherosclerosis
Lymphedema
Heart failure
Beta blockers (functions)... "olol"
characterized by thickening of the blood vessel wall from foc…
excessive accumulation of fluid due to obstruction of lymphat…
when the heart muscle is unable to adequately pump blood to m…
Decreases HR, BP, contractility, and SV of the heart... - this d…
atherosclerosis
characterized by thickening of the blood vessel wall from foc…
Lymphedema
excessive accumulation of fluid due to obstruction of lymphat…
66 terms
NPTE Pharmacology
NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammator…
COX-2 Inhibitors
Tylenol (Acetominophen)
Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs…
Most commonly prescribed drug for musculoskeletal pain. Analg…
less GI irritation than NSAIDs. May have secondary relationsh…
Rx when NSAIDs not recommended. Analgesic, antipyretic effect…
Slow/stop rheumatic disease progression. Modify and inhibit p…
NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammator…
Most commonly prescribed drug for musculoskeletal pain. Analg…
COX-2 Inhibitors
less GI irritation than NSAIDs. May have secondary relationsh…
50 terms
NPTE - ROM
Shoulder Flexion
Shoulder Extension
Shoulder ABD
Shoulder ADD
180*
60*
180*
50-75*
Shoulder Flexion
180*
Shoulder Extension
60*
1,537 terms
MSK NPTE
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
Common areas of compression in TOS
Adson Manuever
Halstead maneuver
compression of neurovascular bundle (brachial plexus subclavi…
Superior thoracic outlet... scalene triangle... between clavicle…
FOR TOS... start in sit or stand. PT monitors the radial pulse…
FOR TOS... sitting over edge of a table. The therapist palpates…
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
compression of neurovascular bundle (brachial plexus subclavi…
Common areas of compression in TOS
Superior thoracic outlet... scalene triangle... between clavicle…
152 terms
NPTE Innervation
iliocostalis, longissimus, interspinal…
obliquus capitis, rectus capitis poste…
abductor digiti minimi (hand)
abductor pollicis brevis
dorsal primary rami of spinal nerves C1-S5
suboccipital nerve (DPR of C1)
ulnar nerve
median nerve
iliocostalis, longissimus, interspinal…
dorsal primary rami of spinal nerves C1-S5
obliquus capitis, rectus capitis poste…
suboccipital nerve (DPR of C1)
18 terms
Research NPTE
1A
1B
2
3
systematic review... - summary of all literature on topic... meta a…
RCT
Cohort Study... - longitudinal study... - subjects with risk factor…
Case Control Study... - retrospective... - subjects who already hav…
1A
systematic review... - summary of all literature on topic... meta a…
1B
RCT
10 terms
NPTE MMT
0/5
1/5
2-/5
2/5
no contraction
able to palpate contraction but no movement
unable to complete ROM in gravity eliminated position
full ROM in gravity eliminated position
0/5
no contraction
1/5
able to palpate contraction but no movement
Trivials NPTE
T3 or higher SCI
T4-T6
T7
Afterload
Will not reach the Age predicted maxHR
Variable
Can reach age-predicted maxHR
Total peripheral resistance.... Inversely prop with SV
T3 or higher SCI
Will not reach the Age predicted maxHR
T4-T6
Variable
NPTE Mnemonics
Deep tendon reflexes:... One, two-- buckl…
Atrioventricular valves... "LAB RAT":
Cubital Fossa Content... "Really Need Boo…
Flexor digitorum muscles: how they ins…
S1,2 = ankle jerk... L3,4 = knee jerk... C5,6 = biceps and brachior…
Left Atrium: Bicuspid... Right Atrium: Tricuspid
• From lateral to medial:... Radial Nerve... Biceps Tendon... Brachial…
Superficialis Splits in two,... To Permit Profundus Passing thro…
Deep tendon reflexes:... One, two-- buckl…
S1,2 = ankle jerk... L3,4 = knee jerk... C5,6 = biceps and brachior…
Atrioventricular valves... "LAB RAT":
Left Atrium: Bicuspid... Right Atrium: Tricuspid
30 terms
NPTE - Cardiopulm
Alpha Adrenergic Antagonist Agents... (zo…
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) In…
Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonist Age…
Antiarrhythmic Agents - Action by Class
Action: reduce peripheral vascular tone by blocking alpha-1-a…
Action: Decrease blood pressure and afterload by suppressing…
Action: block angiotensin II receptors which limit vasoconstr…
Class I - Sodium Channel Blockers: ... - control cardiac excitat…
Alpha Adrenergic Antagonist Agents... (zo…
Action: reduce peripheral vascular tone by blocking alpha-1-a…
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) In…
Action: Decrease blood pressure and afterload by suppressing…
58 terms
NPTE HIP
OPP
CPP
Capsular Pattern
Weak Hip Abductors Compensation
30 abduction, 30 flexion, slight ER
Full extension, IR
Flexion, abduction, IR
increased lateral trunk and TFL
OPP
30 abduction, 30 flexion, slight ER
CPP
Full extension, IR
24 terms
NPTE random
cushings syndrome
klinefelters
phenylketonuria
wilsons disease
adrenal dysfunction that produces excessive cortisol as well…
primary hypogonadism that presents with deficiency of testost…
autosomal recessive inherited trait in which an enzyme defici…
autosomal recessive inherited trait that produces a defect in…
cushings syndrome
adrenal dysfunction that produces excessive cortisol as well…
klinefelters
primary hypogonadism that presents with deficiency of testost…
208 terms
NPTE: Neuro
efferent fibers
afferent fibers
Left hemisphere brain functions
Right hemisphere brain functions
carry motor information away from CNS (anterior root)
carry sensory information to CNS (posterior root)
-Language... - Logic... - Language- written and spoken... - sequence o…
- nonverbal processing... - artistic abilities... - hand eye coordi…
efferent fibers
carry motor information away from CNS (anterior root)
afferent fibers
carry sensory information to CNS (posterior root)
58 terms
NPTE Orthoses
metatarsal pad
Cushion-heel
UCBL insert
Scaphoid pad
Soft insert... Positioned posterior to met heads... Takes pressure…
Cushions and absorbs forces at heel contact... Used to relieve s…
"University of California Biomechanics Laboratory" insert... Sem…
Used to support the longitudinal arch
metatarsal pad
Soft insert... Positioned posterior to met heads... Takes pressure…
Cushion-heel
Cushions and absorbs forces at heel contact... Used to relieve s…
407 terms
NPTE NM
Frontal lobe
Parietal lobe
Temporal lobe
Occipital lobe
precentral gyrus (motor cortex); prefrontal cortex (emotions)…
postcentral gyrus (sensory cortex)
primary/associative auditory cortex, Wernick's area (language…
primary visual cortex, visual assoc cortex
Frontal lobe
precentral gyrus (motor cortex); prefrontal cortex (emotions)…
Parietal lobe
postcentral gyrus (sensory cortex)
266 terms
NPTE - Neuromuscular
Caudate Loop
Putamen Loop
Limbic Circuit
Flocculonodular Lobe
Oculomotor Circuit... From frontal motor eye fields to caudate... d…
Motor Loop... From precentral and post central gyrus to putamen…
Prefrontal and limbic areas to basal ganglia... Organize behavio…
Archicerebellum... Connects with vestibulum... equilibrium and musc…
Caudate Loop
Oculomotor Circuit... From frontal motor eye fields to caudate... d…
Putamen Loop
Motor Loop... From precentral and post central gyrus to putamen…
36 terms
NPTE: EBP
range of correlation coefficient scoress
independent variable
dependent variable
null hypothesis
closer to 1.0 is more correlated, closer to 0.0 is less corre…
the intervention
the effect of the intervention
there is no relationship between the independent and dependen…
range of correlation coefficient scoress
closer to 1.0 is more correlated, closer to 0.0 is less corre…
independent variable
the intervention
77 terms
NPTE neuro
spontaneous contractions of all or mos…
spontaneous contractions fo all or mos…
insertional activity is _______ in den…
number of motor unit potentials is ___…
fibrillations
fasciculations
increased
decreased
spontaneous contractions of all or mos…
fibrillations
spontaneous contractions fo all or mos…
fasciculations
21 terms
NPTE SCI
symptoms of anterior cord syndrome
what is brown sequards
symptoms of brown-sequard
is cauda equina injury peripheral or c…
loss of motor, pain and temp sensation below level of lesion
hemisection of spinal cord - usually stab wound
ipsilateral loss of motor control, vibration and propriocepti…
peripheral
symptoms of anterior cord syndrome
loss of motor, pain and temp sensation below level of lesion
what is brown sequards
hemisection of spinal cord - usually stab wound
196 terms
NPTE Peds
1 month
2 months
3 months
4 months
dec flexion, momentary head elevation w forearm support, trac…
head elevated to 45* in prone, prone on elbows, head bobs in…
prone on elbows, WB on forearms, elbows in line with shoulder…
rolls from prone or supine to side, sits with support, no hea…
1 month
dec flexion, momentary head elevation w forearm support, trac…
2 months
head elevated to 45* in prone, prone on elbows, head bobs in…
30 terms
Neuro (NPTE)
Akinesia
Apraxia
ideational vs. ideomotor apraxia
Ataxia
inability to initiate movement
person cannot perform tasks that they previously could despit…
ideational: person no longer gets the idea of how to do a tas…
Uncoordinated movement, especially gait
Akinesia
inability to initiate movement
Apraxia
person cannot perform tasks that they previously could despit…
NPTE Musculo
Muscles TMJ elevation
Muscles TMJ depression
Muscles TMJ protrusion
Muscles TMJ lateral deviation
Temporalis, massester, medial pterygoid
Suprahyoids, infrahyoids, inferior lateral pterygoid
Med and lateral pterygoids
Ipsilateral massester, ipsilateral temporalis, contralateral…
Muscles TMJ elevation
Temporalis, massester, medial pterygoid
Muscles TMJ depression
Suprahyoids, infrahyoids, inferior lateral pterygoid
334 terms
NPTE - Musculoskeletal
First Class Lever
Second Class Lever
Third Class Levers
Vertebral Loose Packed
Triceps
Toe Raises
Biceps - most common in human body
Mid Flex and Ext
First Class Lever
Triceps
Second Class Lever
Toe Raises
191 terms
NPTE Integ
epidermis
dermis
hypodermis
eccrine glands
outermost layer; no BV; 5 stratum: corneum, lucidum, granulos…
inner layer with collagen and elastin; contains hair follicle…
loose CT and fat provides insulation and cushion
help control body temp
epidermis
outermost layer; no BV; 5 stratum: corneum, lucidum, granulos…
dermis
inner layer with collagen and elastin; contains hair follicle…
18 terms
NPTE MSK
rhomboid
teres minor
deltoid
subscapularis
dorsal scapular
axillary
axillary
upper subscapular ... lower subscapular
rhomboid
dorsal scapular
teres minor
axillary
115 terms
Random NPTE
pH of skin
Ratio Data
Interval Data
Ordinal Data
3-4
- true 0... - rank order... ex. height, length
- no true 0... - rank order... ex. temperatue
- rank order... ex. MMTs, balance scores
pH of skin
3-4
Ratio Data
- true 0... - rank order... ex. height, length
181 terms
NPTE Therex
mm are composed of
when a mm contracts
when a mm relaxes
Slow twitch - Type 1 fibers
myofibrils; made of a series of sarcomeres; made of overlappi…
the actin-myosin filaments slide together and the mm shortens
the cross-bridges slide apart
slow contraction, low force, fatigue resistant
mm are composed of
myofibrils; made of a series of sarcomeres; made of overlappi…
when a mm contracts
the actin-myosin filaments slide together and the mm shortens
296 terms
NPTE Cardiopulmonary
Systolic pressure
Diastolic pressure
Typical response to exertion: systolic…
Non-typical response to exertion: Syst…
Measurement of force exerted against the arteries during the…
Measurement of force exerted against the arteries during rest
• ^ with exertion in a linear progression... • ^ rate of 8-12mmH…
If systolic pressure doesn't rise with increased workload, ma…
Systolic pressure
Measurement of force exerted against the arteries during the…
Diastolic pressure
Measurement of force exerted against the arteries during rest
Neuromuscular NPTE
agnosia
akinesia
aphasia
Expressive aphasia
inability to recognize familiar objects with one form of sens…
inability to initiate movement
disturbance in language that results in errors in word choice…
(Broca's, non-fluent) severe difficulty in verbal expression…
agnosia
inability to recognize familiar objects with one form of sens…
akinesia
inability to initiate movement
162 terms
NPTE: Integ
layers of skin from superficial to deep
epidermis layer: stratum corneum
epidermis layer: stratum lucidum
epidermis layer: stratum granulosum
Epidermis... Dermis... Subcutaneous (hypodermis)
outermost layer, shingle like dead cels filled with keratin
formed from dead cells and only occurs in thick portions of t…
contains live keratinocytes and langerhans
layers of skin from superficial to deep
Epidermis... Dermis... Subcutaneous (hypodermis)
epidermis layer: stratum corneum
outermost layer, shingle like dead cels filled with keratin
5 terms
NPTE reflexes
Patella
Achilles
Biceps
Brachioradialis
L4
S1
C5
C6
Patella
L4
Achilles
S1
NPTE - GAIT
Terminology
Determinants of Gait
Heel Strike
Foot Flat
Rancho Los Amigos vs Traditional... Initial Contact -- Heel Str…
Knee FLEX, ankle DF, and subtalar joint PRONation at midstanc…
HIP: 20-40° FLEX; slight ADD and ER... Gluteus maximus & Hamstri…
HIP: moving into EXT, ADD, IR... Gluteus Maximus & Hamstrings co…
Terminology
Rancho Los Amigos vs Traditional... Initial Contact -- Heel Str…
Determinants of Gait
Knee FLEX, ankle DF, and subtalar joint PRONation at midstanc…
6 terms
Cardiopulmonary (NPTE)
Distinguish b/w rales and rhonchi
Normal blood pH:
Phase 1 of cardiac rehabilitation
Phase 2 of cardiac rehabilitation
Rales (crackles)... -discontinuous breath sounds heard during i…
7.35-7.45
-inpatient rehab phase (acute)... Activities:... -Self-care... -ARO…
Outpatient/HEP (subacute)... Activities:... Indep. in ADLs... begin…
Distinguish b/w rales and rhonchi
Rales (crackles)... -discontinuous breath sounds heard during i…
Normal blood pH:
7.35-7.45
NPTE Pharmacology
NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammator…
COX-2 Inhibitors
Tylenol (Acetominophen)
Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs…
Most commonly prescribed drug for musculoskeletal pain. Analg…
less GI irritation than NSAIDs. May have secondary relationsh…
Rx when NSAIDs not recommended. Analgesic, antipyretic effect…
Slow/stop rheumatic disease progression. Modify and inhibit p…
NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammator…
Most commonly prescribed drug for musculoskeletal pain. Analg…
COX-2 Inhibitors
less GI irritation than NSAIDs. May have secondary relationsh…
38 terms
NPTE Modalities
Physiological effects of general heat…
Physiological effects on body systems…
Indications for superficial thermother…
Precautions for superficial thermother…
Increased: cardiac output, metabolic rate, pulse rate, respir…
Increased: blood flow - dilation of arteries and arterioles;…
Modulate pain, increase connective tiss extensibility, reduce…
Cardiac insufficiency, edema, impaired circulation, impaired…
Physiological effects of general heat…
Increased: cardiac output, metabolic rate, pulse rate, respir…
Physiological effects on body systems…
Increased: blood flow - dilation of arteries and arterioles;…
45 terms
More NPTE
plantar grasp reflex
moro reflex
Landau reflex
galant reflex
stimulated by putting pressure on the ball of the foot genral…
infants head falls into extension and infant is :stratled" wi…
equilibrium response in response to prone where child aligns…
stimluated by touching skin along spine from shoudler to hip…
plantar grasp reflex
stimulated by putting pressure on the ball of the foot genral…
moro reflex
infants head falls into extension and infant is :stratled" wi…
41 terms
NPTE Musculoskeletal
Length-tension relationship
Active Insufficiency
Passive Insufficiency
Arthrokinematics vs Osteokinematics
Muscle contraction depends on the length of the muscle before…
Contracted/agonist mm (flexors in wrist flexion, two joint mm…
Lengthened/antagonist mm (extensors in wrist flexion) -> inac…
Arthrokinematics - b/w joint surfaces (roll, glide, spin). Os…
Length-tension relationship
Muscle contraction depends on the length of the muscle before…
Active Insufficiency
Contracted/agonist mm (flexors in wrist flexion, two joint mm…
NPTE Neuromuscular
Basal ganglia is comprised of
Striatum is comprised of
Lenticular nucleus is comprised of
Oculomotor circuit (caudate loop)
striatum, globus pallidus, subthalamic nucleus, and substanti…
caudate nucleus, nucleus accumbens, putamen
putamen and globus pallidus
frontal and supplementary eye fields to caudate - saccadic ey…
Basal ganglia is comprised of
striatum, globus pallidus, subthalamic nucleus, and substanti…
Striatum is comprised of
caudate nucleus, nucleus accumbens, putamen
67 terms
NPTE MS
Syndesmosis
Golgi-mazzoni corpuscles
Pacinian corpuscle
ruffini endings
Joint connected by fibrous membrane
Receptor located in joint capsule detecting compression of ca…
Receptor located in fibrous layer of joint capsule detecting…
receptor located in fibrous layer of joint capsule detecting…
Syndesmosis
Joint connected by fibrous membrane
Golgi-mazzoni corpuscles
Receptor located in joint capsule detecting compression of ca…
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