How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "nr 324"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "nr 324"

34 terms
NR 324 Electrolytes
causes of hyperkalemia (>5.0)
causes of excessive K intake
causes of K shifting out of cells
causes of failure to eliminate K
excessive K intake... shift of K out of cells... failure to elimina…
excessive or rapid parenteral administration... potassium-contai…
acidosis... tissue catabolism (e.g., fever, sepsis, burns)... crush…
renal disease... potassium-sparing diuretics... adrenal insufficien…
causes of hyperkalemia (>5.0)
excessive K intake... shift of K out of cells... failure to elimina…
causes of excessive K intake
excessive or rapid parenteral administration... potassium-contai…
28 terms
NR 324: Immunity and GI
antibodies
antigens
innate immunity
acquired immunity
...
-elicit an immune response... -composed of protein ... -cells have…
Present at birth, is first-line defense against pathogens.
Development of immunity actively or passively
antibodies
...
antigens
-elicit an immune response... -composed of protein ... -cells have…
NR-324 Fluid & Electrolytes
Sodium is found in the ?
Potassium is found in the ?
What happens to a cell in an Isotonic…
What happens to a cell in a hypotonic…
ECF
ICF
Stays the same
It swells and could burst
Sodium is found in the ?
ECF
Potassium is found in the ?
ICF
34 terms
NR 324 Cardiac handouts
Arterial
Venous
Intermittent claudication
Peripheral edema
- Intermittent claudication pain... - No edema... - No/weak pulse... -…
- Dull, achy pain... - Lower leg edema... - Pulse present... - Drainag…
- Muscle pain with walking/exercise
- Right side HF
Arterial
- Intermittent claudication pain... - No edema... - No/weak pulse... -…
Venous
- Dull, achy pain... - Lower leg edema... - Pulse present... - Drainag…
63 terms
nr 324 fluid and electrolyte
3 things that maintain homeostasis
2/3 of body water is located and const…
What does ECF consist of?
Examples of cations (+)
kidneys, hormones, and mechanisms
intracellular fluid
interstitial fluid (the fluid in the spaces between cells), p…
sodium (Na+), potassium (K+), calcium (Ca2+), and magnesium (…
3 things that maintain homeostasis
kidneys, hormones, and mechanisms
2/3 of body water is located and const…
intracellular fluid
72 terms
NR 324 Exam 2 Review
PR Interval
QRS Interval
Cardiac markers for MI?
Cardiac markers for HF?
<0.2
<0.12
Troponin, CK-MB, myoglobin
BNP and ANP
PR Interval
<0.2
QRS Interval
<0.12
42 terms
NR 324 final
Considerations for the eldery in relat…
What affect does gastric surgery have…
Teaching points for a client undergoin…
What is an Upper Endoscopy? What are t…
-increased periodontal disease → loss of teeth, xerostomia (d…
decreases intrinsic factor= pernicious (b12) anemia, b12 defi…
Scope the intestines; procedure to see polyps/cancer/inflamma…
direct visualization (by lighted fiberoptic camera) of upper…
Considerations for the eldery in relat…
-increased periodontal disease → loss of teeth, xerostomia (d…
What affect does gastric surgery have…
decreases intrinsic factor= pernicious (b12) anemia, b12 defi…
25 terms
EXAM 3 NR 324
To what is the increase in emerging an…
The three antibiotic-resistant bacteri…
What are the recommended measures to p…
A patient with diarrhea has been diagn…
a, b, c, e. Infectious agents, such as the human immunodefici…
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA); vancomyci…
d, e. Hand washing and the use of alcohol-based sanitizers an…
b. Contact precautions are used with standard precautions whe…
To what is the increase in emerging an…
a, b, c, e. Infectious agents, such as the human immunodefici…
The three antibiotic-resistant bacteri…
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA); vancomyci…
88 terms
NR 324 chapter 34
most common type of cardiovascular dis…
the most serious manifestations of CAD
what is CAD
atheromas
CAD
- MI and unstable angina (CP); termed acute coronary syndrome…
- type of blood vessel disorder... - major cause of CAD is ather…
fatty deposits
most common type of cardiovascular dis…
CAD
the most serious manifestations of CAD
- MI and unstable angina (CP); termed acute coronary syndrome…
20 terms
EXAM 3 NR 324
While in the holding area, a patient r…
After the home health nurse teaches a…
The nurse should plan to use a wet-to-…
A patient with second-degree burns has…
C. Alert the anesthesia care provider of the family member's…
D.The family member dries the wound using a hair dryer set on…
b. A patient who has a wound with purulent drainage and dry b…
a. Consult with the health care provider about using a differ…
While in the holding area, a patient r…
C. Alert the anesthesia care provider of the family member's…
After the home health nurse teaches a…
D.The family member dries the wound using a hair dryer set on…
44 terms
NR 324 Chapter 33
blood pressure
regulation of BP involves
BP =
normal BP
- the force exerted by the blood against the walls of blood v…
nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, endothelial, and renal fu…
CO x SVR
systolic less than 120, diastolic less than 80
blood pressure
- the force exerted by the blood against the walls of blood v…
regulation of BP involves
nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, endothelial, and renal fu…
66 terms
NR 324 Chapter 32
The heart has 4 chambers
The heart is composed of 3 layers
the fibroserous sac surround heart
what do valves do?
Right atrium, Left atrium, Right ventricle, Left ventricle
1. endocardium - innermost layer, 2. myocardium - muscle laye…
pericardium
One way blood flow, prevent back flow
The heart has 4 chambers
Right atrium, Left atrium, Right ventricle, Left ventricle
The heart is composed of 3 layers
1. endocardium - innermost layer, 2. myocardium - muscle laye…
42 terms
NR 324 final
Considerations for the eldery in relat…
What affect does gastric surgery have…
Teaching points for a client undergoin…
What is an Upper Endoscopy? What are t…
-increased periodontal disease → loss of teeth, xerostomia (d…
decreases intrinsic factor= pernicious (b12) anemia, b12 defi…
Scope the intestines; procedure to see polyps/cancer/inflamma…
direct visualization (by lighted fiberoptic camera) of upper…
Considerations for the eldery in relat…
-increased periodontal disease → loss of teeth, xerostomia (d…
What affect does gastric surgery have…
decreases intrinsic factor= pernicious (b12) anemia, b12 defi…
49 terms
NR 324 Chapter 35
Heart Failure (HF)
Pts with CHF generally have an EF of ?
HF is primarily a disease of
CHF: systolic failure results from
- abnormal clinical syndrome that involves inadequate pumping…
less than 45%
- older adults ... - approximately 10 in every 1000 persons over…
- the heart not pumping blood effectively.... - caused by impair…
Heart Failure (HF)
- abnormal clinical syndrome that involves inadequate pumping…
Pts with CHF generally have an EF of ?
less than 45%
26 terms
EXAM 3 NR 324
The nurse provides discharge instructi…
A new mother expresses concern about h…
A patient is being evaluated for possi…
An older adult patient who is having a…
Screening for malignancy
Breastfeeding her infant
IgE
Consequences of aging on cell-mediated immunity
The nurse provides discharge instructi…
Screening for malignancy
A new mother expresses concern about h…
Breastfeeding her infant
31 terms
NR 324 Fluid/Hydration
fluid spacing
first spacing
second spacing
third spacing
the distribution of body water
normal distribution of fluid in ICF and ECF compartments
abnormal accumulation of interstitial fluid
occurs when fluid accumulates in a portion of the body from w…
fluid spacing
the distribution of body water
first spacing
normal distribution of fluid in ICF and ECF compartments
20 terms
exam 3 NR 324
While in the holding area, a patient r…
After the home health nurse teaches a…
The nurse should plan to use a wet-to-…
A patient with second-degree burns has…
C. Alert the anesthesia care provider of the family member's…
D.The family member dries the wound using a hair dryer set on…
b. A patient who has a wound with purulent drainage and dry b…
a. Consult with the health care provider about using a differ…
While in the holding area, a patient r…
C. Alert the anesthesia care provider of the family member's…
After the home health nurse teaches a…
D.The family member dries the wound using a hair dryer set on…
32 terms
EXAM 3 NR 324
A client is brought to the emergency d…
A client with no history of respirator…
A client is admitted to an emergency d…
A client in sinus bradycardia, with a…
2. Assess for airway patency.... 3. Administer oxygen as prescri…
3. Pao2 49 mm Hg, Paco2 52 mm Hg
1. Cardiogenic shock
4. Prepare for transcutaneous pacing.
A client is brought to the emergency d…
2. Assess for airway patency.... 3. Administer oxygen as prescri…
A client with no history of respirator…
3. Pao2 49 mm Hg, Paco2 52 mm Hg
16 terms
NR 324 Hematologic System
Functions of blood
Transportation:
Regulation:
Protection:
-transportation... -regulation... -protection
-O2 from lungs to cells... -nutrients from GI tract to cells... -ho…
-fluid and electrolyte balance... -acid base balance... -body temp…
-maintaining homeostasis of blood coagulation... -combating inva…
Functions of blood
-transportation... -regulation... -protection
Transportation:
-O2 from lungs to cells... -nutrients from GI tract to cells... -ho…
40 terms
NR 324 Electrolytes
fluid volume excess etiology
fluid volume excess assessment
fluid volume excess treatment
fluid volume excess interventions
-excess intake ... -excess isotonic/hypotonic IV fluids ... -compro…
-headache, agitation, confusion ... -Labs: decreased HCT, BUN, N…
-treat the underlying cause ... -diuretics, fluid restriction, N…
-restict fluids, low sodium diet, diuretics, elevate affected…
fluid volume excess etiology
-excess intake ... -excess isotonic/hypotonic IV fluids ... -compro…
fluid volume excess assessment
-headache, agitation, confusion ... -Labs: decreased HCT, BUN, N…
44 terms
nr 324 respiratory
thoracentesis
bronchoscopy
Acute bronchitis
CM of acute bronchitis
a surgical procedure done to remove fluid from the pleural sp…
is a procedure in which the bronchi are visualized through a…
Inflammation of bronchi of lower respiratory tract
-cough that lasts up to 3 weeks... -clear or purulent sputum... -Se…
thoracentesis
a surgical procedure done to remove fluid from the pleural sp…
bronchoscopy
is a procedure in which the bronchi are visualized through a…
61 terms
NR 324 - Exam 2 - Hematology
Normal WBC
Normal RBC
Hemoglobin
Hematocrit
4-11
4.3-6
13-18
40-53%
Normal WBC
4-11
Normal RBC
4.3-6
25 terms
NR 324 Chapter 37
Infective Endocarditis (IE)
Endocardium
IE can be classified as
Subacute IE
- infection of the endocardial layer of the heart. ... - It also…
- innermost layer of the heart and heart valves. ... - IE affect…
- subacute or acute.
- subacute form typically affects those with preexisting valv…
Infective Endocarditis (IE)
- infection of the endocardial layer of the heart. ... - It also…
Endocardium
- innermost layer of the heart and heart valves. ... - IE affect…
100 terms
NR 324: Final
ISO
LCA
LCI
LCIA
International Organization for Standardization
Life Cycle Assessment... -purpose is to address the environmenta…
The life cycle inventory phase... -second phase of the LCA ... -inv…
The life cycle impact assessment phase... -third phase of the LC…
ISO
International Organization for Standardization
LCA
Life Cycle Assessment... -purpose is to address the environmenta…
16 terms
NR 324 Exam 1
normal range for K+
normal range for Mg2+
normal range for Na+
normal range for total Ca2+
3.5 - 5.0 mEq/L
1.5 - 2.5 mEq/L
135 - 145 mEq/L
8.6 - 10.2 mg/dL
normal range for K+
3.5 - 5.0 mEq/L
normal range for Mg2+
1.5 - 2.5 mEq/L
25 terms
EXAM 3 NR 324
To what is the increase in emerging an…
The three antibiotic-resistant bacteri…
What are the recommended measures to p…
A patient with diarrhea has been diagn…
a, b, c, e. Infectious agents, such as the human immunodefici…
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA); vancomyci…
d, e. Hand washing and the use of alcohol-based sanitizers an…
b. Contact precautions are used with standard precautions whe…
To what is the increase in emerging an…
a, b, c, e. Infectious agents, such as the human immunodefici…
The three antibiotic-resistant bacteri…
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA); vancomyci…
81 terms
NR 324: Midterm
Why are the "50 simple things" not eno…
Why were the agricultural and industri…
Properties of complex Systems
Sustainability Revolution Characterist…
Because sustainability, sufficiency, and equity require a str…
Because they both advanced, sustained, and grew populations;…
-information is the key to transformation... -systems strongly r…
-will come from the insights, visions, and experiments of man…
Why are the "50 simple things" not eno…
Because sustainability, sufficiency, and equity require a str…
Why were the agricultural and industri…
Because they both advanced, sustained, and grew populations;…
32 terms
EXAM 3 NR 324
A client is brought to the emergency d…
A client with no history of respirator…
A client is admitted to an emergency d…
A client in sinus bradycardia, with a…
2. Assess for airway patency.... 3. Administer oxygen as prescri…
3. Pao2 49 mm Hg, Paco2 52 mm Hg
1. Cardiogenic shock
4. Prepare for transcutaneous pacing.
A client is brought to the emergency d…
2. Assess for airway patency.... 3. Administer oxygen as prescri…
A client with no history of respirator…
3. Pao2 49 mm Hg, Paco2 52 mm Hg
12 terms
NRS 324 Quiz 2
Common Porcupine
Harbor Seal
Family Balaenopteridae
Minke Whale
Erethizon dorsatum... Family: Erithizontidae... Order: Rodentia
Phoca vitulina ... Family: Phocidae... Order: Carnivora
Rorquals
Balaenoptera acutorostrata... Family: Balaenopteridae... Order: Ce…
Common Porcupine
Erethizon dorsatum... Family: Erithizontidae... Order: Rodentia
Harbor Seal
Phoca vitulina ... Family: Phocidae... Order: Carnivora
61 terms
NR 324 - Exam 2 - Hematology
Normal WBC
Normal RBC
Hemoglobin
Hematocrit
4-11
4.3-6
13-18
40-53%
Normal WBC
4-11
Normal RBC
4.3-6
95 terms
NR 324 - Exam 3 - Gastrointestinal
Promotion of Normal Elimination
Stool Tests
Ultrasound
CT
Position ... Output... Offer Fluids... Privacy... Exercise... Report Results…
- Blood ... - Ova (eggs)/Parasites... - Fat (may be indication of f…
- abdominal tumors/cysts... - abscess in liver (can measure asci…
- check for allergies if using contrast... - will show liver, bi…
Promotion of Normal Elimination
Position ... Output... Offer Fluids... Privacy... Exercise... Report Results…
Stool Tests
- Blood ... - Ova (eggs)/Parasites... - Fat (may be indication of f…
28 terms
Exam 2 Meds NR324
Spironclactone (Aldactone)
Furosemide (lasix)
Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ)
Metoprolol (Lopressor)
Potassium-sparing diuretic ... -Monitor for s/sx hyperkalmeia ... -…
Use with caution in clients taking digoxin, lithium, aminogly…
Thiazide diuretic... -Use with caution in patients taking digoxi…
Cardio selective beta blocker ... -Decrease HR and BP and decrea…
Spironclactone (Aldactone)
Potassium-sparing diuretic ... -Monitor for s/sx hyperkalmeia ... -…
Furosemide (lasix)
Use with caution in clients taking digoxin, lithium, aminogly…
54 terms
NR 324 Week 2 Respiratory
compliance
ventilation
tidal volume
allergic rhinitis
Distensibility, is a measure of the ease of expansion of the…
Inspiration of air into the lungs and expiration of air out o…
The volume of air exchanged with each breath. Normal level in…
Is the reaction of the nasal mucosa to a specific allergen. I…
compliance
Distensibility, is a measure of the ease of expansion of the…
ventilation
Inspiration of air into the lungs and expiration of air out o…
97 terms
NR 324 - Exam 2 - Cardiovascular System
How does blood flow through the heart?
Diastole
Systole
Normal Cardiac Output
- Vena Cava ... - Right Atria... - Right Ventricle ... - Pulmonary Art…
relaxation, blood fills ventricles
when the ventricles contract
4-6 L/Min
How does blood flow through the heart?
- Vena Cava ... - Right Atria... - Right Ventricle ... - Pulmonary Art…
Diastole
relaxation, blood fills ventricles
26 terms
immune EXAM 3 NR 324
The nurse provides discharge instructi…
A new mother expresses concern about h…
A patient is being evaluated for possi…
An older adult patient who is having a…
Screening for malignancy
Breastfeeding her infant
IgE
Consequences of aging on cell-mediated immunity
The nurse provides discharge instructi…
Screening for malignancy
A new mother expresses concern about h…
Breastfeeding her infant
93 terms
NR 324 - Exam 2 - Cardiovascular System
Heart blood flow
Diastole
Systole
Normal Cardiac Output
- Vena Cava ... - Right Atria... - Right Ventricle ... - Pulmonary Art…
relaxation, blood fills ventricles
when the ventricles contract
4-6 L/Min
Heart blood flow
- Vena Cava ... - Right Atria... - Right Ventricle ... - Pulmonary Art…
Diastole
relaxation, blood fills ventricles
63 terms
NR 324 - Exam 1 - Problems of Oxygenation: Ventilation
Ventilation
Diffusion
Perfusion
Diaphragm
movement of air in and out of the lungs
exchange of gases at the cellular level
blood supply available to lungs
major work of inspiration
Ventilation
movement of air in and out of the lungs
Diffusion
exchange of gases at the cellular level
26 terms
NRS 324 EXAM 1 TAXONOMY
Virginia Opossum
Northern short-tailed Shrew
Masked Shrew
Common Water Shrew
Didelphis virginiana... Family: Didelphidae... Order: Didelphimorpha
Blarina brevicauda... Family: Soricidae... Order: Insectivora
Sorex cinereus... Family: Soricidae... Order: Insectivora
Sorex palustris... Family: Soricidae... Order: Insectivora
Virginia Opossum
Didelphis virginiana... Family: Didelphidae... Order: Didelphimorpha
Northern short-tailed Shrew
Blarina brevicauda... Family: Soricidae... Order: Insectivora
50 terms
NR 324 - Immune System Alterations - Exam 3
Antigen
Bacterial
Fungi
Viruses
any substance that can trigger an immune response
- microorganisms in the environment... - grow rapidly and compet…
- organisms like mold and yeast... - absorbs nutrients
- proteins and nucleic acid... - take over cell and generate the…
Antigen
any substance that can trigger an immune response
Bacterial
- microorganisms in the environment... - grow rapidly and compet…
42 terms
MED SURG exam 2 NR 324
The nurse is unable to flush a central…
The heart is composed of 3 layers
The heart is covered by a fibroserous…
____ prevent blood from regurgitating…
Correct answer: d. instruct the patient to change positions,…
endocardium - a thin inner lining... myocardium - a layer of mus…
the pericardium.... this sac consists of 2 layers: the inside (…
The pulmonic and aortic valves (also known as semilunar valves)
The nurse is unable to flush a central…
Correct answer: d. instruct the patient to change positions,…
The heart is composed of 3 layers
endocardium - a thin inner lining... myocardium - a layer of mus…
68 terms
NR324 Med-Surg Exam 2
Platelet Count Normal Range
WBC Normal Range
RBC Normal Range
Hemoglobin Normal Range
150,000 - 400,000
5,000-11,000
3.5-4.5 mEq/L
F: 12-16% ... M: 13-17%
Platelet Count Normal Range
150,000 - 400,000
WBC Normal Range
5,000-11,000
42 terms
MED SURG exam 2 NR 324
The nurse is unable to flush a central…
The heart is composed of 3 layers
The heart is covered by a fibroserous…
____ prevent blood from regurgitating…
Correct answer: d. instruct the patient to change positions,…
endocardium - a thin inner lining... myocardium - a layer of mus…
the pericardium.... this sac consists of 2 layers: the inside (…
The pulmonic and aortic valves (also known as semilunar valves)
The nurse is unable to flush a central…
Correct answer: d. instruct the patient to change positions,…
The heart is composed of 3 layers
endocardium - a thin inner lining... myocardium - a layer of mus…
55 terms
NR 324 - Endocrine/Diabetes - Exam 1
Anterior Pituitary Hormones
Growth (GH)
Thyroid Stimulating (TSH)
Adrenocorticotropic (ACTH)
- Growth... - Thyroid Stimulating... - Adrenocorticotropic... - Gonado…
- promotes protein growth and tissue repair... - lipid mobilizat…
- Stimulates synthesis and release of thyroid hormones... - grow…
- Fosters growth of adrenal cortex... - stimulates secretion of…
Anterior Pituitary Hormones
- Growth... - Thyroid Stimulating... - Adrenocorticotropic... - Gonado…
Growth (GH)
- promotes protein growth and tissue repair... - lipid mobilizat…
115 terms
NR 324 - Exam 1- Fluid and Electrolytes
Body Fluids
Homeostasis
Intracellular Fluid
Extracellular Fluid
- transport nutrients, electrolytes and oxygen to cells... - rem…
- naturally maintained by adaptive responses... - body fluids an…
- fluid within the cells... - 25 L = 40% body weight
fluid found outside the cells
Body Fluids
- transport nutrients, electrolytes and oxygen to cells... - rem…
Homeostasis
- naturally maintained by adaptive responses... - body fluids an…
32 terms
Med Surg Exam 1- NR 324
Pneumonia
What is the goal of COPD?
What is TB induration?
What is a Pulmonary embolism?
- Above 95%... - Main tx for pneumonia: pulmonary toileting (mai…
- Goal is above 90%
hardening/swelling
- Clot that travels... - Makes it's way to the lungs... - Tx: HOB e…
Pneumonia
- Above 95%... - Main tx for pneumonia: pulmonary toileting (mai…
What is the goal of COPD?
- Goal is above 90%
52 terms
immunity nclex NR 324 EXAM 3
A patient whose mother has been diagno…
A patient seen in the outpatient clini…
In counseling a couple in which the ma…
The nurse encourages a new mother to b…
"There are many things to consider before deciding to have ge…
malignancy.
0%.
passive immunity.
A patient whose mother has been diagno…
"There are many things to consider before deciding to have ge…
A patient seen in the outpatient clini…
malignancy.
63 terms
NR 324 - Exam 1 - Problems of Oxygenation: Ventilation
Ventilation
Diffusion
Perfusion
Diaphragm
movement of air in and out of the lungs
exchange of gases at the cellular level
blood supply available to lungs
major work of inspiration
Ventilation
movement of air in and out of the lungs
Diffusion
exchange of gases at the cellular level
14 terms
fluid and electrolyte and acid base balances NR-324
What causes hypokalemia
What is the main ICF cation?
What is the main ICF anion?
The major ECF anion is.....
- ^ loss of K+ via kidney or GI tract... - ^ shift of K+ from EC…
Potassium (K+)
Phosphate (PO43-)
Chloride (Cl-)
What causes hypokalemia
- ^ loss of K+ via kidney or GI tract... - ^ shift of K+ from EC…
What is the main ICF cation?
Potassium (K+)
10 terms
NR324-Exam#1 (Lab Values)
Na+
K+
Ca+
Phos
135-145 mEq/L
3.5-5.0 mEq/L
8.6-10.2 mg/dL
2.4-4.4 mg/dL
Na+
135-145 mEq/L
K+
3.5-5.0 mEq/L
86 terms
NR 324 - Exam 1- Fluid and Electrolytes
Hydrostatic Pressure
Oncotic Pressure
Osmolarity
Osmoality
- force within a fluid compartment... - push power in vascular s…
- pressure exerted by plasma colloids in a solution... - pull po…
the concentration of molecules per volume of solution (plasma)
the concentration of molecules per weight of water (IV Fluid)
Hydrostatic Pressure
- force within a fluid compartment... - push power in vascular s…
Oncotic Pressure
- pressure exerted by plasma colloids in a solution... - pull po…
1 of 9