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Study sets matching "nucleic acid biology"

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Study sets matching "nucleic acid biology"

85 terms
Nucleic Acid UCMST Biology
what is the fifth flavor?
what lands on umami taste buds?
what are two examples of amino acids?
what micro-molecule goes with proteins?
umami
glutemate
glutemate and triptophan
amino acids
what is the fifth flavor?
umami
what lands on umami taste buds?
glutemate
9 terms
AP Biology: Nucleic Acids
Nucleic Acid
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
Nucleotide
Gene
A macromolecule containing Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen…
Stores information regarding the synthesis of certain protein…
The monomer of a nucleic acid. It is made up of a 5-Carbon su…
The order of bases along a nucleotide polymer chain.
Nucleic Acid
A macromolecule containing Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen…
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
Stores information regarding the synthesis of certain protein…
16 terms
Biology 7A Nucleic Acids
NUCLEOTIDE
REPLICATION FORK
ADENINE
PURINE
MONOMER SUBUNIT THAT IS FOUND IN NUCLEIC ACIDS (PHOSPHATE, SU…
THE "Y" SHAPED REGION THAT RESULTS WHEN TWO DNA STRANDS ARE S…
NITROGEN BASE THAT PAIRS WITH THYMINE (T)
NAME OF THE NITROGEN BASES THAT HAVE A DOUBLE RING (ADENINE A…
NUCLEOTIDE
MONOMER SUBUNIT THAT IS FOUND IN NUCLEIC ACIDS (PHOSPHATE, SU…
REPLICATION FORK
THE "Y" SHAPED REGION THAT RESULTS WHEN TWO DNA STRANDS ARE S…
37 terms
Biology protein and Nucleic Acid
Polypeptides
Amino Acids
Glycine
Peptide Bonds
are chains of amino acids bonded together in a chain forming…
biologically important organic compounds containing amino and…
the amino acid which has hydrogen as its side chain. It is th…
The covalent bond between the carboxyl group on one amino aci…
Polypeptides
are chains of amino acids bonded together in a chain forming…
Amino Acids
biologically important organic compounds containing amino and…
30 terms
Biology- Nucleic Acid
What is the monomer of nucleic acids?
Draw the structure of the nucleic acid…
What is the polymer for nucleic acids?
What is the monomer of DNA?
nucleotides
...
DNA and RNA
Deoxyribonucleotide
What is the monomer of nucleic acids?
nucleotides
Draw the structure of the nucleic acid…
...
13 terms
Biology AP : Nucleic Acids
Nucleotides
Phosphate group, pentose sugar, and a…
Phosphate group
Pentose sugar
What is the monomer for a Nucleic Acid?
What three things makes up a nucleotide?
name this:
a five-carbon sugar molecule found in nucleic acids
Nucleotides
What is the monomer for a Nucleic Acid?
Phosphate group, pentose sugar, and a…
What three things makes up a nucleotide?
12 terms
Biology - Intro to Nucleic Acids
DNA, RNA, tRNA, mRNA, rRNA, ATP
-phosphate group... -five carbon sugar... -n…
nucleotide
ribose
Name 6 nucleic acids.
What makes up a nucleotide?
What does this photo represent?
What sugar is this?
DNA, RNA, tRNA, mRNA, rRNA, ATP
Name 6 nucleic acids.
-phosphate group... -five carbon sugar... -n…
What makes up a nucleotide?
30 terms
Biology- Protein and Nucleic Acid
functions of protein
Facts
Sources where you can get Proteins
Elements that make up proteins
Muscle- (movement place to place), O moves blood, diaphragm-…
No Energy comes from proteins... Most Important organic compound…
meat, tofu, legumes
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
functions of protein
Muscle- (movement place to place), O moves blood, diaphragm-…
Facts
No Energy comes from proteins... Most Important organic compound…
38 terms
NUCLEIC ACIDS - Honors Biology
What does DNA stand for?
Where is DNA found?
Who discovered DNA?
Describe the shape of DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
In the nuclear of eukaryotic cells (in the cytoplasmic of pro…
Watson and Crick
double -stranded, double helix (twisted ladder)
What does DNA stand for?
deoxyribonucleic acid
Where is DNA found?
In the nuclear of eukaryotic cells (in the cytoplasmic of pro…
14 terms
Biology Nucleic Acid Test
made of sugar, phosphate, and a nitrog…
carries amino acid to ribosome
forms part of ribosome structure
carries DNA template from nucleus to r…
Nucleotide
tRNA
rRNA
mRNA
made of sugar, phosphate, and a nitrog…
Nucleotide
carries amino acid to ribosome
tRNA
22 terms
Biology - Nucleic Acids
Nucleotide
Deoxyribose
Ribose
Nitrogenous Bases
The monomers used to form nucleic acids Made up of a pentose…
The molecule responsible for the storage of genetic informati…
The pentose monosaccharide present in RNA molecules.
Adenine, Guanine, Thymine, Cytosine and Uracil
Nucleotide
The monomers used to form nucleic acids Made up of a pentose…
Deoxyribose
The molecule responsible for the storage of genetic informati…
40 terms
Molecular biology and nucleic acids
genome
transciptome
proteome
metabolone
complete DNA base sequence in an organism
complete set of RNA molecules that are transcribed from a cel…
entire set of proteins synthesized by a cell
sum total of all the low molecular weight metabolite molecule…
genome
complete DNA base sequence in an organism
transciptome
complete set of RNA molecules that are transcribed from a cel…
61 terms
Biology-Nucleic Acid
Virulent
Transformation
Bacteriophage
Nucleotide
A microorganism that causes disease and is highly infectious
The transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
A virus that infects bacteria
A sub-unit that contains a 5 carbon sugar, a phosphate group…
Virulent
A microorganism that causes disease and is highly infectious
Transformation
The transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
9 terms
Biology - Nucleic Acid
DNA
RNA
nucleic acid monomer
nucleic acid bond
deoxyribonucleic acid; double helix
ribonucleic acid
subunit/nucleotide
phosphodiester bond
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; double helix
RNA
ribonucleic acid
23 terms
Biology - Nucleic acids
Adenosine
Adenosine monophosphate
Adenosine diphosphate
Adenosine triphosphate
Adenosine
Adenosine monophosphate
63 terms
Honors Biology Nucleic Acids
what geneticists knew by the early 1900s
geneticists didn't know
what did Frederick Griffith do in 1928?
r strain
genes control inheritance of traits, genes are located on chr…
if chromosomes were made up of dna or proteins
studied two strands of streptococcus pneumonia to find a cure…
rough, harmless, had no protective capsule
what geneticists knew by the early 1900s
genes control inheritance of traits, genes are located on chr…
geneticists didn't know
if chromosomes were made up of dna or proteins
36 terms
Biology - Nucleotides and nucleic acids
Nucleotide
Deoxynucleic acid (DNA)
Ribonucleic acid (RNA)
DNA vs RNA
monomer forming nucleic acids
nucleotide made of phosphate group, deoxyribose sugar (one fe…
nucleotide made of phosphate group, ribose sugar and a nitrog…
Nucleotide
monomer forming nucleic acids
Deoxynucleic acid (DNA)
nucleotide made of phosphate group, deoxyribose sugar (one fe…
17 terms
nucleic acid quiz biology
where are nucleic acids found?
what are nucleic acids made up of?
nucleotides are molecules made up of?
what are the 3 different units?
in every single cells
nucleic tides
3 different units
sugar, nitrogen, phosphate
where are nucleic acids found?
in every single cells
what are nucleic acids made up of?
nucleic tides
18 terms
Biology- Nucleic Acids
A nucleotide consists of?
Nucleotides in DNA
Nucleotides in RNA
Purines
Phosphate Group... Pentose Sugar ... Nitrogenous Base
A T G C
A U G C
Adenine and Guanine
A nucleotide consists of?
Phosphate Group... Pentose Sugar ... Nitrogenous Base
Nucleotides in DNA
A T G C
11 terms
biology- nucleic acid
carbon hydrogen oxygen nitrogen phosph…
nucleotides
3 parts- 5 carbon sugar, phosphate gro…
entire DNA or RNA molecule
elements of nucleic acids
monomers of nucleic acid
polymers of nucleic acid
polymers of nucleic acid
carbon hydrogen oxygen nitrogen phosph…
elements of nucleic acids
nucleotides
monomers of nucleic acid
8 terms
Nucleic Acid Review - AP Biology
nucleic acids
DNA
RNA
ATP
Polymer of nucleotides, both RNA and DNA are nucleic acids.
Nucleic cid polymer produced by covalent bonding of nucleotid…
Nucleic acid produced from covalent bonding of nucleotide mon…
Nucleotide with 3 phosphate groups. The breakdown of ATP into…
nucleic acids
Polymer of nucleotides, both RNA and DNA are nucleic acids.
DNA
Nucleic cid polymer produced by covalent bonding of nucleotid…
8 terms
Biology: Nucleic Acids
Nucleic Acids
Monomers are called: (Building Blocks)
Polymer are called:
The Parts of a Nucleotide:
Elements: C.H.O.N.P
Nucleotides
Polynucleotides/ Nucleic Acid
-Phosphate group... -Sugar... -Base: ACTGU
Nucleic Acids
Elements: C.H.O.N.P
Monomers are called: (Building Blocks)
Nucleotides
16 terms
Biology 7A Nucleic Acids
NUCLEOTIDE
REPLICATION FORK
ADENINE
PURINE
MONOMER SUBUNIT THAT IS FOUND IN NUCLEIC ACIDS (PHOSPHATE, SU…
THE "Y" SHAPED REGION THAT RESULTS WHEN TWO DNA STRANDS ARE S…
NITROGEN BASE THAT PAIRS WITH THYMINE (T)
NAME OF THE NITROGEN BASES THAT HAVE A DOUBLE RING (ADENINE A…
NUCLEOTIDE
MONOMER SUBUNIT THAT IS FOUND IN NUCLEIC ACIDS (PHOSPHATE, SU…
REPLICATION FORK
THE "Y" SHAPED REGION THAT RESULTS WHEN TWO DNA STRANDS ARE S…
6 terms
Nucleic acids; biology
what are the four Nitrogenous bases?
what elements make up nucleic acids?
The three main parts of a NA molecule…
what is the monomer of a nucleic acid?
Cytosine, Guanine, Adenine, Thymine
Nitrogen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Phosphorous
1) sugar | 2) Phosphate group | 3) nitrogenous base
Nucleotide
what are the four Nitrogenous bases?
Cytosine, Guanine, Adenine, Thymine
what elements make up nucleic acids?
Nitrogen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Phosphorous
9 terms
General Biology Nucleic Acids
Nucleotides
Example: ATP (Adenine Tri Phosphate)
Other nucleotides serve as monomers of…
DNA Nitrogenous bases ... A with T and G…
complex of 5 carbon sugar, phosphate group, and nitrogenous b…
the cell's energy currency
DNA and RNA
Adenine ... Guanine ... Cytosine ... Thymine
Nucleotides
complex of 5 carbon sugar, phosphate group, and nitrogenous b…
Example: ATP (Adenine Tri Phosphate)
the cell's energy currency
30 terms
Biology- Protein and Nucleic Acid
functions of protein
Facts
Sources where you can get Proteins
Elements that make up proteins
Muscle- (movement place to place), O moves blood, diaphragm-…
No Energy comes from proteins... Most Important organic compound…
meat, tofu, legumes
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
functions of protein
Muscle- (movement place to place), O moves blood, diaphragm-…
Facts
No Energy comes from proteins... Most Important organic compound…
12 terms
Nucleic acid
Double helix
nucleotide
nucleotide
adenine
Two strands of DNA wound into a spiral shape.
Monomer/smallest molecule of a DNA known as a nucleic acid/nu…
Consists of a simple sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogen…
A nitrogenous base found in DNA and RNA. It pairs with thymin…
Double helix
Two strands of DNA wound into a spiral shape.
nucleotide
Monomer/smallest molecule of a DNA known as a nucleic acid/nu…
9 terms
Biology: Nucleic Acid notes
DNA
RNA
Nucleotide
Chromosome
Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid... Is double stranded... Has a sugar-phosp…
Ribose Nucleic Acid... Is single stranded
Made up of sugar, phosphate, and a base... Held together by Phos…
A single, long DNA molecule, wrapped by proteins... There are 23…
DNA
Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid... Is double stranded... Has a sugar-phosp…
RNA
Ribose Nucleic Acid... Is single stranded
74 terms
biology Nucleic Acid
made of
1 nucleotide =
what is the building block
RNA=
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, potassium
nitrogen base, phosphate, and sugar
monomer
ribonucleic acid, single strand
made of
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, potassium
1 nucleotide =
nitrogen base, phosphate, and sugar
12 terms
Biology 101: Nucleic Acids
DNA
RNA
Nitrogenous Bases
Purines
deoxyribonucleic acid, double stranded; stays in nucleus
ribonucleic acid, single stranded; leaves nucleus
Purines and Pyrimidines
guanine and adenine
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid, double stranded; stays in nucleus
RNA
ribonucleic acid, single stranded; leaves nucleus
18 terms
Biology (Nucleic Acids & Proteins)
DNA
RNA
ATP(adenosine triphosphate)
Nucleic Acids
info storage
protein synthesis
energy transfers
are polymers composed of units known as nucleotides
DNA
info storage
RNA
protein synthesis
38 terms
Biology: Proteins & Nucleic Acids
What is the monomer of a protein?
What groups does an amino acid contain?
What process bonds amino acids?
What is the bond between amino acids?
amino acid
Amino, Carboxyl, R
Dehydration Synthesis
Peptide
What is the monomer of a protein?
amino acid
What groups does an amino acid contain?
Amino, Carboxyl, R
11 terms
Biology: Nucleic Acids
Biopolymers
Biomolecules
Double Helix
Biophysicist (biophysics)
any polymeric chemical manufactured by a living organism, as…
any molecule that is present in living organisms, including l…
the spiral arrangement of the two complementary strands of DNA
the branch of biology that applies the methods of physics to…
Biopolymers
any polymeric chemical manufactured by a living organism, as…
Biomolecules
any molecule that is present in living organisms, including l…
9 terms
BIOLOGY 12 - Nucleic Acids
nucleic acids
DNA
RNA
nucleotides (& 2 main categories)
huge, macromolecular compounds that are polymers of nucleotid…
deoxyribonucleic acid... - controls all cell activities... - codes…
ribonucleic acid... - works with DNA during protein synthesis... -…
monomers (unit molecule) of nucleic acids... a) Ribonucleotides…
nucleic acids
huge, macromolecular compounds that are polymers of nucleotid…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid... - controls all cell activities... - codes…
22 terms
Cell Biology, Nucleic Acids
How is information stored, transmitted…
Nucleic acid monomers
Sugars in nucleotides
Purine bases
Nucleic acids.
Nucleotides.
Deoxyribose, ribose.
Adenine, Guanine. 2 carbon rings.
How is information stored, transmitted…
Nucleic acids.
Nucleic acid monomers
Nucleotides.
11 terms
8th Biology - Nucleic Acids
Nucleic Acids
Nucleic acids do what?
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
Ribonucleic acid (RNA)
Macromolecules containing the elements carbon, and are formed…
Stores info. And transfers info.
Genetic code, working instructions for the cell. Double stran…
Transfers the genetic information (single stranded)
Nucleic Acids
Macromolecules containing the elements carbon, and are formed…
Nucleic acids do what?
Stores info. And transfers info.
31 terms
Biology: Proteins and Nucleic Acids
Proteins
Proteins
Proteins
Proteins
....have many functions
Build structures in organisms
Communication b/w cells
Enzymes
Proteins
....have many functions
Proteins
Build structures in organisms
24 terms
Cellular Biology Nucleic Acids
RNA & DNA
parents
Ribosomes
DNA - RNA - Protein
The two types of nucleic acids
Where you get DNA
Where protein synthesis occurs
The order that protein synthesis occurs
RNA & DNA
The two types of nucleic acids
parents
Where you get DNA
10 terms
Nucleic acid biology
Monomer names
What are the bases for the monomers?
Polymer names
What is the back bone?
RNA nucleotide ... DNA nucleotide
RNA- AUCG... DNA- ATCG
DNA-Deoxyribonucleic acids... RNA- ribonucleic acid
Sugar phosphate
Monomer names
RNA nucleotide ... DNA nucleotide
What are the bases for the monomers?
RNA- AUCG... DNA- ATCG
33 terms
Nucleic Acids - Biology
nucleic acids
DNA
RNA
purines pyrimidines
what are found in the nucleus of the cell
_____: contains cytosine, guanine, adenine, thymine
_____: contains cytosine, guanine, uracil, adenine
_______ have 2 rings; _______ have single rings
nucleic acids
what are found in the nucleus of the cell
DNA
_____: contains cytosine, guanine, adenine, thymine
13 terms
AS Biology: nucleotides and nucleic acid
what is a nucleotide and what do they do
what is DNA and RNA
structure of DNA nucleotide
structure of RNA
a type of biological molecule made from a pentose sugar, a ni…
Both are types of nucleic acid. DNA is used to store genetic…
the pentose sugar in a DNA nucleotide is called deoxyribose.…
contains nucleotides with a ribose sugar (not deoxyribose lik…
what is a nucleotide and what do they do
a type of biological molecule made from a pentose sugar, a ni…
what is DNA and RNA
Both are types of nucleic acid. DNA is used to store genetic…
56 terms
Biology Proteins and Nucleic Acids
Hormonal
structural
storage
transport
insulin, glucagon
keratin, elastin, collagen
ovalbumin, casein, seeds
hemoglobin
Hormonal
insulin, glucagon
structural
keratin, elastin, collagen
7 terms
Biology Nucleic Acids
What are the functions of nucleic acids?
What is the monomer of nucleic acids?
Name the 3 parts of a nucleotide.
What are the 2 types of nucleotides? G…
They're the source of genetic information in chromosomes. the…
Nucleotide
5- carbon sugar, nitrogen base, and phosphate group.
Ribonucleic Acids (RNA) and Deoxyribonucleic Acids (DNA)
What are the functions of nucleic acids?
They're the source of genetic information in chromosomes. the…
What is the monomer of nucleic acids?
Nucleotide
35 terms
Biology; Porembka: Nucleic Acids
C H O N P
nucleotides
DNA, RNA
deoxyribonucleic
elements in nucleic acids
monomers in nucleic acids
polymers in nucleic acids
the long name for DNA
C H O N P
elements in nucleic acids
nucleotides
monomers in nucleic acids
24 terms
Biology -Nucleic acids
Nucleic acid
Nucleotide
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
Ribonucleic acid (RNA)
An organic molecule that contains carbon,hydrogen,oxygen, nit…
A molecule that contains sugar, a phosphate group and a nitro…
A nucleic acid molecule in the shape of a double helix that c…
A nucleic acid molecule that contains ribose sugar
Nucleic acid
An organic molecule that contains carbon,hydrogen,oxygen, nit…
Nucleotide
A molecule that contains sugar, a phosphate group and a nitro…
30 terms
Biology- Nucleic Acid
What is the monomer of nucleic acids?
Draw the structure of the nucleic acid…
What is the polymer for nucleic acids?
What is the monomer of DNA?
nucleotides
...
DNA and RNA
Deoxyribonucleotide
What is the monomer of nucleic acids?
nucleotides
Draw the structure of the nucleic acid…
...
13 terms
Biology Nucleic Acids
2 types of nucleic acids
DNA
Nucleic acid jobs
DNA main job
DNA and RNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Store genetic protein info
Info for cell activities
2 types of nucleic acids
DNA and RNA
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid
8 terms
Biology: Nucleic Acids
nucleotides
3 parts of a nucleotide
nucleic acids
DNA
monomers of Nucleic Acids
1) phosphate group 2) nitrogenous base 3) 5-carbon sugar
macromolecules containing hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon,…
the 5-carbon sugar; deoxyribose (deoxyribonucleic acid)
nucleotides
monomers of Nucleic Acids
3 parts of a nucleotide
1) phosphate group 2) nitrogenous base 3) 5-carbon sugar
8 terms
Biology 7 Nucleic Acids
replication fork
annealing
hydrogen bonds
DNA gyrase
the place where the strand splits exposing the 2 template str…
the process by which 2 single strands of DNA combine to form…
...
...
replication fork
the place where the strand splits exposing the 2 template str…
annealing
the process by which 2 single strands of DNA combine to form…
16 terms
Biology Nucleic acids
DNA
G
C
T
Deoxyribonucleic acid, a polynucleotide which is usually doub…
Guanine
Cytosine
Thymine
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid, a polynucleotide which is usually doub…
G
Guanine
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