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Study sets matching "nucleic acid"

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Study sets matching "nucleic acid"

12 terms
Nucleic acid
Double helix
nucleotide
nucleotide
adenine
Two strands of DNA wound into a spiral shape.
Monomer/smallest molecule of a DNA known as a nucleic acid/nu…
Consists of a simple sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogen…
A nitrogenous base found in DNA and RNA. It pairs with thymin…
Double helix
Two strands of DNA wound into a spiral shape.
nucleotide
Monomer/smallest molecule of a DNA known as a nucleic acid/nu…
8 terms
Nucleic Acid
DNA
RNA
RNA (photo)
DNA (photo)
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
Used to make Protein
DNA
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
RNA
Used to make Protein
16 terms
Nucleic Acid
nucleotide
adenine
thymine
cytosine
Monomer of nucleic acids
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA
Adenine pairs with this
A nitrogenous base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with guanine
nucleotide
Monomer of nucleic acids
adenine
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA
Nucleic acid
Double helix
nucleotide
nucleotide
adenine
Two strands of DNA wound into a spiral shape.
Monomer/smallest molecule of a DNA known as a nucleic acid/nu…
Consists of a simple sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogen…
A nitrogenous base found in DNA and RNA. It pairs with thymin…
Double helix
Two strands of DNA wound into a spiral shape.
nucleotide
Monomer/smallest molecule of a DNA known as a nucleic acid/nu…
11 terms
Nucleic Acid
DNA
RNA
Deoxyribose
Nitrogenous Bases
Deoxyribonucleic acid... -Double helix
-Ribonucleic acid... -Single stranded... -Is found in both the nucl…
The 5 carbon sugar that DNA contains
The parts of nucleotides that form The' rungs' of a DNA molec…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid... -Double helix
RNA
-Ribonucleic acid... -Single stranded... -Is found in both the nucl…
8 terms
Nucleic Acids Basics
Nucleosome
Chromatin
Histone
Gene
Complex of DNA, histones and non histones protein from which…
One of several small, highly conserved basic proteins, found…
Nucleosome
Chromatin
Complex of DNA, histones and non histones protein from which…
10 terms
NUCLEIC ACIDS
RNA
DNA
WATSON AND CRICK
GUANINE
Ribonucleic acid is a single stranded nucleic acid with nucle…
Deoxynucleic acid is a double stranded nucleic acid with nucl…
Scientists that developed double helix model of DNA.
Component of nucleic acids that carries hereditary informatio…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid is a single stranded nucleic acid with nucle…
DNA
Deoxynucleic acid is a double stranded nucleic acid with nucl…
10 terms
Nucleic Acids
DNA
RNA
Nucleotide
Adenine
Deoxyribonucleic Acid... A double stranded molecule containing t…
Ribonucleic acid... A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes a…
"A building block/monomer of DNA and RNA, ... Nitrogen Base Suga…
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid... A double stranded molecule containing t…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid... A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes a…
10 terms
Nucleic acids
What does DNA stand for?
Four chemical bases DNA is made up of
Name of structure
Where is DNA most commonly found?
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine
Double Helix
The cells nucleus
What does DNA stand for?
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Four chemical bases DNA is made up of
Adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine
23 terms
Nucleic Acids
Nucleic acids are a group of bio polym…
Nucleosides and Nucleotides
2. Sugar and Aromatic Amines
3. Phosphate ester, sugar, and aromati…
What are Nucleic Acids
What 2 groups can Nucleic Acids be divided into?
How many units in a nucleoside? Name them.
How many units in a nucleotide? Name them.
Nucleic acids are a group of bio polym…
What are Nucleic Acids
Nucleosides and Nucleotides
What 2 groups can Nucleic Acids be divided into?
27 terms
Nucleic Acids
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Double Stranded, very long
Single Stranded, short
Where DNA is located in the cell
Where RNA is located in the cell.
The size of DNA
The size of RNA
Nucleus
Where DNA is located in the cell
Cytoplasm
Where RNA is located in the cell.
44 terms
Nucleic Acid
adenine
alternating < alternate
anticodon
arrangement
アデニン
交互に存在する(交互に起こる)
アンチコドン
配置(~構造をとる)
adenine
アデニン
alternating < alternate
交互に存在する(交互に起こる)
14 terms
Nucleic Acid
nucleotide
adenine
thymine
cytosine
Monomer of nucleic acids
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA
Adenine pairs with this
A nitrogenous base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with guanine
nucleotide
Monomer of nucleic acids
adenine
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA
19 terms
nucleic acid
nucleic acid
nucleic acid polymerize
phosphodiester linkage or bond
nucleotide structure
polymer made up of monomers called nucleotides ... (DNA or RNA)
via condensation reaction btw the phosphate group and hydroxy…
results from condensation reaction of nucleic acids 3' and 5'…
*a pentose sugar (deoxyribose or ribose)... *nitrogen base (1'C)…
nucleic acid
polymer made up of monomers called nucleotides ... (DNA or RNA)
nucleic acid polymerize
via condensation reaction btw the phosphate group and hydroxy…
nucleic acid
Nitrogen Base
nucelotides
Base Pairing
ribose
a part of DNA and RNA; Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, Cytosine, a…
the building block for nucleic acid; phosphate group, a sugar…
when certain bases have to be paired with one another (A-T, G…
the sugar in RNA
Nitrogen Base
a part of DNA and RNA; Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, Cytosine, a…
nucelotides
the building block for nucleic acid; phosphate group, a sugar…
32 terms
Nucleic Acid
made up of two things
stores hereditary information
makes proteins
1 chain
DNA, RNA
DNA
RNA
RNA
made up of two things
DNA, RNA
stores hereditary information
DNA
31 terms
Nucleic acid
Adenine
Guanine
Cytosine
Thymine
Purine... pairs with T... Two H-bonds... Amino at C-6
Purine... pairs with C... Three H-bonds... Amino at C-2
Pyrimidine... pairs with G... Three H-bonds... Amino at C-4
Pyrimidine... pairs with A... Two H-bonds
Adenine
Purine... pairs with T... Two H-bonds... Amino at C-6
Guanine
Purine... pairs with C... Three H-bonds... Amino at C-2
10 terms
Nucleic acid
Adenine
Guanine
Cytosine
Thymine
Purine... pairs with T... Two H-bonds... Amino at C-6
Purine... pairs with C... Three H-bonds... Amino at C-2
Pyrimidine... pairs with G... Three H-bonds... Amino at C-4
Pyrimidine... pairs with A... Two H-bonds
Adenine
Purine... pairs with T... Two H-bonds... Amino at C-6
Guanine
Purine... pairs with C... Three H-bonds... Amino at C-2
8 terms
Nucleic Acid
Nucleic acid
DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid)
RNA (ribonucleic acid)
Function
A complex biomolecule that stores cellular information in the…
contains the instructions used to form all of the organism's…
Forms a copy of DNA for use in making proteins... They ultimatel…
Genetic material (stores information, genes, blue prints for…
Nucleic acid
A complex biomolecule that stores cellular information in the…
DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid)
contains the instructions used to form all of the organism's…
22 terms
Nucleic Acid
Nucleic Acid
Nucleotides
DNA
RNA
A complex organic substance present in living cells, especial…
Each nucleotide contains a base, a sugar(ribose or deoxyribos…
A double stranded helix-shaped molecule; it is the main const…
Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is also a polymer of nucleotides. It d…
Nucleic Acid
A complex organic substance present in living cells, especial…
Nucleotides
Each nucleotide contains a base, a sugar(ribose or deoxyribos…
26 terms
Nucleic Acid
Adeninine
Chromatin
Chromosome
Cytosine
...
DNA and its associated protiens
Carriers of genetic information
...
Adeninine
...
Chromatin
DNA and its associated protiens
12 terms
Nucleic acid
Double helix
nucleotide
nucleotide
adenine
Two strands of DNA wound into a spiral shape.
Monomer/smallest molecule of a DNA known as a nucleic acid/nu…
Consists of a simple sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogen…
A nitrogenous base found in DNA and RNA. It pairs with thymin…
Double helix
Two strands of DNA wound into a spiral shape.
nucleotide
Monomer/smallest molecule of a DNA known as a nucleic acid/nu…
19 terms
Nucleic Acids
deoxyribonucleic acid
ribonucleic acid
chromatid
centromere
DNA
RNA
half of a chromosome
where 2 chromatids are joined together
deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA
ribonucleic acid
RNA
Nucleic Acid
Nitrogen bases
Image of a nucleotide
Elements that make up nucleic acids
Components of a nucleotide
adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine
CHONP
Phosphate group 5 carbon sugar nitrogen base
Nitrogen bases
adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine
Image of a nucleotide
23 terms
Nucleic acid
Posphodiester Bond
Adenine
Adenosine
Guanine
Joins 2 adjacent nucleotides in the same strand
Posphodiester Bond
Joins 2 adjacent nucleotides in the same strand
Adenine
83 terms
Nucleic acid
Nucleic acid
The two types of nucleic acid
What is a nucleotide composed of
Three sub-unit molecules. Each nucleot…
are responsible for all the information cells need to replicate
Ribonucleic acids (RNA)... Deoxyribonucleic acids (DNA)
A nucleotide is composed of: a base, a monosaccharide, and a…
A pentose sugar (deoxyribose or ribose)... Nitrogen-containing h…
Nucleic acid
are responsible for all the information cells need to replicate
The two types of nucleic acid
Ribonucleic acids (RNA)... Deoxyribonucleic acids (DNA)
12 terms
Nucleic Acid
Function of nucleic acids
Consists of (nucleic acids)
Building Block (monomers) of Nucleic A…
What are Nucleotides made up of
store and transmit genetic information for making proteins
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorous
nucleotides
5 carbon sugar, phosphate group, nitrogenous base
Function of nucleic acids
store and transmit genetic information for making proteins
Consists of (nucleic acids)
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorous
6 terms
Nucleic acids
Monomers
Parts of nucleotides
pyrimidines
Purines
Nucleotides
-nitrogen base... -5 carbon sugar ... -phosphate group
6 membered ring of nitrogen and carbon atoms ... -cytosine ... -thy…
larger, 6 member ring fused to 5 member ring ... -adenine ... -guan…
Monomers
Nucleotides
Parts of nucleotides
-nitrogen base... -5 carbon sugar ... -phosphate group
8 terms
Nucleic Acids
nucleic acid
monomer
nucleotide
pyrimidine
information storage and instructions... ATP
nucleotide
phosphate group: located on 5' C bonded to 3' OH... pentose sug…
single nitrogen ring structures
nucleic acid
information storage and instructions... ATP
monomer
nucleotide
17 terms
Nucleic Acid
purines
pyrimidines
A
G
double ring structures
single ring structures
adenine (purine)
guanine (purine)
purines
double ring structures
pyrimidines
single ring structures
32 terms
Nucleic Acid
What is it?
Chemical Formula
Monomer
DNA is
DNA & RNA
CHONP
nucleotide
organic --> carbon
What is it?
DNA & RNA
Chemical Formula
CHONP
61 terms
Nucleic Acid
What is the structure of nucleotides?
What roles can Nucleotides play in vivo?
What is nucleoside?
Nitrogen Containing bases
-constituents of nucleic acids (e. g. DNA, RNA), the main che…
Purines & Pyrimidine... -very stable heterocyclic compounds (aro…
What is the structure of nucleotides?
What roles can Nucleotides play in vivo?
-constituents of nucleic acids (e. g. DNA, RNA), the main che…
36 terms
Nucleic Acids
Watson-Crick base pairs determine seco…
Wobble pairing
DNA double helix can adopt different s…
DNA double helix can adopt different s…
Watson-Crick or "canonical" base pairs:... A : T - weak H-bonder…
Uses non-Watson-Crick edge.... Not very stable.... Important for in…
The most common secondary structural form of DNAs.... The WC bas…
Under dehydration conditions, DNA adopts the A form.... RNAs are…
Watson-Crick base pairs determine seco…
Watson-Crick or "canonical" base pairs:... A : T - weak H-bonder…
Wobble pairing
Uses non-Watson-Crick edge.... Not very stable.... Important for in…
20 terms
Nucleic Acid
Composed of what elements
What is nucleic acid's function
What is the monomer
What is the polymer
C, H, O, N, P
Carries genetic information and makes proteins
Nucleotides
Polynucleotides
Composed of what elements
C, H, O, N, P
What is nucleic acid's function
Carries genetic information and makes proteins
15 terms
Nucleic Acids
Cytosine
Uracil
Thymine
Guanine
Pyrimidine
Pyrimidine
Pyrimidine
Purine
Cytosine
Pyrimidine
Uracil
Pyrimidine
11 terms
Nucleic acids
Nucleotide
Polynucleotide
Phosphodiester bond
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Monomer of a polynucleotide
A polymer of nucleotide monomers covalently bonded together.
Strong covalent bonds that form between the phosphate group a…
A double stranded polynucleotide.
Nucleotide
Monomer of a polynucleotide
Polynucleotide
A polymer of nucleotide monomers covalently bonded together.
16 terms
Nucleic Acid
Negatively charged
No O atom on carbon 2' (' for distingu…
Planar (almost planar), contain hetero…
Purine (form two bonds)
Charge of Phosphate group which is bind to pentose by phospho…
Characteristic of pentose in DNA.
Characteristics of Nucleobases
what Adenine and Guanine are derivated from
Negatively charged
Charge of Phosphate group which is bind to pentose by phospho…
No O atom on carbon 2' (' for distingu…
Characteristic of pentose in DNA.
10 terms
NUCLEIC ACIDS
RNA
DNA
WATSON AND CRICK
GUANINE
Ribonucleic acid is a single stranded nucleic acid with nucle…
Deoxynucleic acid is a double stranded nucleic acid with nucl…
Scientists that developed double helix model of DNA.
Component of nucleic acids that carries hereditary informatio…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid is a single stranded nucleic acid with nucle…
DNA
Deoxynucleic acid is a double stranded nucleic acid with nucl…
11 terms
Nucleic Acids
DNA Definition:
RNA Definition:
Nucleotide Definition:
Nucleic Acid Definition:
The Nucleic Acid Polymer that stays in the Nucleus -DNA is th…
The Nucleic Acid Polymer that can leave the Nucleus - RNA is…
The monomer of the DNA and RNA polymer; composed of a Phoshph…
A type of Macromolecule that contains the instructions for ev…
DNA Definition:
The Nucleic Acid Polymer that stays in the Nucleus -DNA is th…
RNA Definition:
The Nucleic Acid Polymer that can leave the Nucleus - RNA is…
10 terms
Nucleic Acid
What are Nucleic Acids?
What are Monomers and Polymers of Nucl…
What is the structure of nucleotide?
How many different types of nucleotides?
Very long polymers that store information for cells
+Monomers: nucleotides... +Polymers: DNA strand
3 parts:... _A 5-carbon sugar... _A phosphate group... _An organic nit…
5... _DNA uses A,T,C,G... _RNA uses A,U,C,G
What are Nucleic Acids?
Very long polymers that store information for cells
What are Monomers and Polymers of Nucl…
+Monomers: nucleotides... +Polymers: DNA strand
13 terms
Nucleic Acids
DNA
RNA
Nucleotide
3 parts of a nucleotide
deoxyribonucleic acid
riobnucleic acid
monomer of DNA/RNA
phosphate group... sugar... nitrogenous base
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
RNA
riobnucleic acid
28 terms
Nucleic Acid
Composed of what elements
What is nucleic acid's function
What is the monomer
What is the polymer
C, H, O, N, P
Carries genetic information and makes proteins
Nucleotides
Polynucleotides
Composed of what elements
C, H, O, N, P
What is nucleic acid's function
Carries genetic information and makes proteins
12 terms
Nucleic acid
The real name of DNA
what is DNA made of
what does a nucleotide contain
The name of the base pairs
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Nucleotides
A phosphate ... A deoxyribose sugar... A nitrogen base
Adenine... Cytosine... Guanine... Thymine... Uracil(only in RNA replacing…
The real name of DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid
what is DNA made of
Nucleotides
11 terms
Nucleic acid structure
adenine
guanine
thymine
cytosine
nitrogenous base
nitrogenous base
nitrogenous base found in DNA only
nitrogenous base
adenine
nitrogenous base
guanine
nitrogenous base
27 terms
Nucleic Acids
Nucleotide
Types of nucleic acids
nucleotide structure
DNA 5 carbon sugar is
Monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
DNA and RNA
Phosphate group, 5 carbon sugar, Nitrogenous base
deoxyribose
Nucleotide
Monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
Types of nucleic acids
DNA and RNA
8 terms
Nucleic Acid
What does nucleic acid contains?
What is the sub-unit of a nucleic acid?
What are the functions of nucleic acids?
What are the three parts of a nucleoti…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, and Phosphorous
Nucleotide
They control the development of organisms and they control me…
A phosphate group, a 5-carbon sugar (either ribose or deoxyri…
What does nucleic acid contains?
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, and Phosphorous
What is the sub-unit of a nucleic acid?
Nucleotide
12 terms
Nucleic Acids
Deoxyribose
Ribose
DNA Nitrogen Bases
RNA Nitrogen Bases
The sugar found in DNA
The sugar found in RNA
adenine, Thymine, guanine, cytosine
adenine, uracil, guanine, cytosine
Deoxyribose
The sugar found in DNA
Ribose
The sugar found in RNA
39 terms
Nucleic Acids
Nucleotide
Phosphodiester bond
Complementary base pairing
Purine
Monomer from which DNA and RNA is made, consisting of a pento…
Bond that forms between the phosphate group of one nucleotide…
Arrangement of nitrogenous bases. Adenine and thymine are hel…
Double ring nitrogenous bases....Adenine and Guanine.
Nucleotide
Monomer from which DNA and RNA is made, consisting of a pento…
Phosphodiester bond
Bond that forms between the phosphate group of one nucleotide…
20 terms
Nucleic Acids
the functions of nucleic acids are to…
they are made up of ___________________
momomers of nucleic acids are...
DNA (_________________________________…
-store and transfer information... -to make protiens
H, O, N, C, P
nucleotides
Deoxyribonucleic Acid, cellular activities, characteristics
the functions of nucleic acids are to…
-store and transfer information... -to make protiens
they are made up of ___________________
H, O, N, C, P
19 terms
NUCLEIC ACID
nucleotide
nucleotide:phosphate
nucleotide:nitrogenous base:purine
nucleotide:nitrogenous bases:pyrimidine
basic units of structure of dna and rna/single unit of nuclei…
part of energy carriers
adenine and guanine
cytosine and thymine
nucleotide
basic units of structure of dna and rna/single unit of nuclei…
nucleotide:phosphate
part of energy carriers
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