Study sets matching "nucleic acid"

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Study sets matching "nucleic acid"

140 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Anatomy
Anatomy
Physiology
Levels of organization
Macromolecules
Study of structure
Study of function
Atoms-molecules-macromolecules-cells-tissues-organs-system-in…
Proteins carbs lipids nucleic acids
Anatomy
Study of structure
Physiology
Study of function
8 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Vocabulary 15 🌸
Transformation
Bacteriophage
Nucleotide
Base pairing
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by gene or…
Virus that infects bacteria
Monomer of nucleic acids made up of a five carbon sugar, a ph…
Principal that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
Transformation
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by gene or…
Bacteriophage
Virus that infects bacteria
9 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Unit 1: intro to bio
Manipulated variable (independent)
Responding variable (dependent)
Controlled variable
8 characteristics of living things
The thing that you changed.
The result that is measured
The thing you're controlling.
-Response to environment ... -reproduces (sexual or asexual)... -ma…
Manipulated variable (independent)
The thing that you changed.
Responding variable (dependent)
The result that is measured
11 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Biological Macromolecules
Macromolecule
Monomer
Polymer
4 Classes of Macromolecules
Very large molecule, often formed as a chain of small molecules
Small molecule
Chain of monomers
Carbohydrates, lipids(non-polymer), proteins, nucleic acids
Macromolecule
Very large molecule, often formed as a chain of small molecules
Monomer
Small molecule
15 termscreated on January 19, 2017
some IBC2
biotechnology
recombinant DNA technology
plasmid
restriction enzyme
use of organisms for a task
combines genes from different courses into one DNA molecule
DNA molecule in bacteria that is separate from the bacterial…
enzyme that cuts sugarphosphate bonds in the DNA backbone in…
biotechnology
use of organisms for a task
recombinant DNA technology
combines genes from different courses into one DNA molecule
28 termscreated on January 19, 2017
IBC2 terms
Cell theory
Micrograph
Organelle
Plasma membrane
Thought that all living things are made of cells
Photograph of view through microscope
Part of cell with specific function
Outline of cell that regulates traffic of chemicals
Cell theory
Thought that all living things are made of cells
Micrograph
Photograph of view through microscope
12 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Biology- Final
3 elements found in all carbon molecules
Carbohydrate (monomer, function)
Lipid (monomer, function)
Protein (monomer, function)
C, H, O
Monosaccharide, stores energy
Glycerol and fatty acid, Insulation/protection with long term…
AmiNo acid, controls the rate of chemical change and fights d…
3 elements found in all carbon molecules
C, H, O
Carbohydrate (monomer, function)
Monosaccharide, stores energy
45 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Biology Chapter 10
Griffith
Transformation
Virulent
Avery
Worked to discover a vaccine for virulent strain of pneumonia…
When a hereditary factor transfers the disease causing abilit…
Disease causing
Worked on isolating proteins, RNA OR DNA
Griffith
Worked to discover a vaccine for virulent strain of pneumonia…
Transformation
When a hereditary factor transfers the disease causing abilit…
26 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Unit 6 Vocab
Amino acid
Protein
Chromosome
Bacteriophage
monomer of a protein; has a central carbon or alpha carbon to…
...
...
...
Amino acid
monomer of a protein; has a central carbon or alpha carbon to…
Protein
...
65 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Biology Chapter 10 Protein Synthesis
Virulent
Heat-killed virulent strain release a…
Enzymes to destroy protein, RNA and DN…
Bacteriophages
Disease causing
Frederick Griffith concluded that
Oswald Avery used
Chase and Hershey used
Virulent
Disease causing
Heat-killed virulent strain release a…
Frederick Griffith concluded that
16 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Science
Cell
Stimulus
Homeostasis
Sexual reproduction
Small unit preforming activities of life.
Anything causes reaction
Maintenance of body
Two parents
Cell
Small unit preforming activities of life.
Stimulus
Anything causes reaction
71 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Biology unit 1
controlled experiment
scientific experiment
independent variable
dependent variable
contains experimental group, control group
requires experimental group, control group, independent varia…
the factor that has been changed by experimenter (x axis)
the factor that is being measured (y axis)
controlled experiment
contains experimental group, control group
scientific experiment
requires experimental group, control group, independent varia…
16 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Biology midterm
The polar attraction of one water mole…
Compared with a pH of 7, a solution of…
The functional group -NH2 is known as
The functional group -COOH is known as…
Cohesion
100
...
...
The polar attraction of one water mole…
Cohesion
Compared with a pH of 7, a solution of…
100
9 termscreated on January 19, 2017
DNA Sructure
double helix
cytosine
guanine
adenine
a pair of parallel helices
a compound found in living tissue as a base of nucleic acids
it is paired with cytosine in DNA
it one of the four bases of nucleic acid and is paired with t…
double helix
a pair of parallel helices
cytosine
a compound found in living tissue as a base of nucleic acids
39 termscreated on January 19, 2017
BI 110
polymers or macromolecules
monomers
condensation or dehydration reaction
hydolysis
long and large molecules consisting of many identical units
one unit
a chemical reaction in which two or more molecules become cov…
a reaction that bonds molecules together with the addition of…
polymers or macromolecules
long and large molecules consisting of many identical units
monomers
one unit
15 termscreated on January 19, 2017
3.2 Key Terms
Amino Acid
Anticodon
Codon
Hydrophilic
An organic monomer which serves as a building block of protei…
A triplet of nucleotide bases in transfer RNA that identifies…
A three-nucleotide sequence of DNA or mRNA that specifies a p…
Having an affinity for water.
Amino Acid
An organic monomer which serves as a building block of protei…
Anticodon
A triplet of nucleotide bases in transfer RNA that identifies…
21 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Bacteriophage
Nucleotide
Double Helix
Base pairing
Virus that infects bacteria
Monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
Model that compares the structure of a DNA molecule, in which…
Rule that describes how nucleotides form bonds in DNA; adine…
Bacteriophage
Virus that infects bacteria
Nucleotide
Monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
73 termscreated on January 19, 2017
BIO 1421 Exam 2 Bergh
What cell components do all viruses ha…
How big are viruses compared to eukary…
What are the four shapes of viruses?
What shape is a helical virus?
Genes wrapped in a protein coat
.05-0.2 when eukaryotic are 10-100
Helical, Icosahedral, Bacteriophage, Envelope
Cylindrical
What cell components do all viruses ha…
Genes wrapped in a protein coat
How big are viruses compared to eukary…
.05-0.2 when eukaryotic are 10-100
24 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Biomolecules Vocabulary
activation energy
atoms
Benedict's solution
Biuret's reagent
minimum amount of energy needed for a reaction to happen
what all matter is made up of
tests for simple sugars and turns red when heated
tests for proteins and turns purple
activation energy
minimum amount of energy needed for a reaction to happen
atoms
what all matter is made up of
17 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Biology chapter 10
Apoptosis
Asexual reproduction
Cancer
Cell cycle
the death of cells that occurs as a normal and controlled par…
type of reproduction by which offspring arise from a single o…
abnormal cells divide without control and can invade nearby t…
the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
Apoptosis
the death of cells that occurs as a normal and controlled par…
Asexual reproduction
type of reproduction by which offspring arise from a single o…
18 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Lecture One- 1/18/17
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek
Carolus Linnaeus
Fungi, Molds, and yeast
Protozoa
Dutch merchant. Father of microbiology. Looked at water thoug…
Develops a taxonomic system in 1700's
Non photosynthetic, eukaryotes
Single celled eukaryotes
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek
Dutch merchant. Father of microbiology. Looked at water thoug…
Carolus Linnaeus
Develops a taxonomic system in 1700's
20 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Biology
Cytoskeleton
Rough ER
Homeostasis
Cell Wall
Small tubes or filaments made of protien that provide structu…
A sack of folded membrane attached to the nuclear membrane th…
Maintaining a stable internak environment even when the outsi…
Provides support and protection for the plant cell, made of c…
Cytoskeleton
Small tubes or filaments made of protien that provide structu…
Rough ER
A sack of folded membrane attached to the nuclear membrane th…
22 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Biology Eoc Review: Organic Compounds
What are the 4 main categories of orga…
What are the monomers of proteins?
What are the monomers of carbohydrates?
What are the monomers of lipids?
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, & nucleic acid
Amino acids
Monosaccharides (simple sugars)
1 glycerol & 3 fatty acids
What are the 4 main categories of orga…
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, & nucleic acid
What are the monomers of proteins?
Amino acids
22 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Biology EOC 2
Describe the main difference between e…
Name 3 differences b/w plant and anima…
Describe the function(s) of each cell…
Name the levels of life from most simp…
Prokaryotic cells have no nucleii or membrane bound organelle…
Plant cells have cell walls, animal cells do not.... Plant cells…
E.R. transports materials through the cell... golgi body process…
atom, molecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system,…
Describe the main difference between e…
Prokaryotic cells have no nucleii or membrane bound organelle…
Name 3 differences b/w plant and anima…
Plant cells have cell walls, animal cells do not.... Plant cells…
26 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Bio Quiz 12.1-12.2
How long is human DNA?
How many base pairs do Human Somatic C…
Histones
Nucleosome
3m long
3 billion base pairs
Protein that DNA wraps around
Structure created from histones wrapped w/ DNA
How long is human DNA?
3m long
How many base pairs do Human Somatic C…
3 billion base pairs
14 termscreated on January 19, 2017
CELL BIOLOGY
prokaryotic
eukaryotic
cell membrane
cytoplasm
no nucleus
nucleus
3 layered sandwich of lipids and proteins
contains organelles
prokaryotic
no nucleus
eukaryotic
nucleus
13 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Intro to Genetics Test 1 Material
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Eubacteria
Archaea
A unicellular organism with a relatively simple cell structure.
Has a compartmentalized cell structure with components bounde…
True Bacteria
Ancient Bacteria
Prokaryote
A unicellular organism with a relatively simple cell structure.
Eukaryote
Has a compartmentalized cell structure with components bounde…
73 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Abeka Science Matter and Energy Semester Review chapters 1-9
element
proton
Stanley Miller
nucleic acids
a substance composed of a single type of atom
subatomic particle which carries a positive electrical charge
Did not believe in God's Creation of the universe; performed…
these chemicals contain the "blueprints" that guide the const…
element
a substance composed of a single type of atom
proton
subatomic particle which carries a positive electrical charge
10 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Bio - DNA and Protein Synthesis
Protein
Nucleic Acid
DNA
RNA
Organic compound consisiting of one or more chains of amino a…
Store and transfer info
The hereditary material passed on during reproduction
Nucleic acid that is transcribed from DNA
Protein
Organic compound consisiting of one or more chains of amino a…
Nucleic Acid
Store and transfer info
21 termscreated on January 19, 2017
bio
anticoden
bacteriophage
base pairing
codon
set of three nucleotides in a tRNA molecule that binds to a c…
virus that infects bacteria.
rule that describes how nucleotides form bonds in DNA; adenin…
sequence of three nucleotides that codes for one amino acid.
anticoden
set of three nucleotides in a tRNA molecule that binds to a c…
bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria.
17 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Bio vocab week 2
Apoptosis
asexual reproduction
cancer
cell cycle
death of cells that occurs as a normal and controlled part of…
Asexual reproduction is a type of reproduction by which offsp…
the disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal ce…
The cell cycle or cell-division cycle is the series of events…
Apoptosis
death of cells that occurs as a normal and controlled part of…
asexual reproduction
Asexual reproduction is a type of reproduction by which offsp…
20 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Midterm - Genetics
Double Helix
Nucleus and mitochondria
Ribosomes
DNA abd RNA
The shape of a DNA molecule
Where can DNA be found in the body?
Where are proteins assembled in the cell?
Nucleic acids, a type of organic compounds
Double Helix
The shape of a DNA molecule
Nucleus and mitochondria
Where can DNA be found in the body?
30 termscreated on January 19, 2017
POGIL: Biological Molecules_What are the building blocks of life?
4 classics of organic compounds
carbohydrates(monomer)
lipids(monomer)
proteins(monomer)
carbohydrates... lipids... proteins... nucleic acids
monosaccharides
glycerol and fatty acids
amino acids
4 classics of organic compounds
carbohydrates... lipids... proteins... nucleic acids
carbohydrates(monomer)
monosaccharides
11 termscreated on January 19, 2017
science terms
Centriole
centrimere
chromatin
chromosomes
a minute cylindrical organelle near the nucleus in animal cel…
the region of a chromosome to which the microtubules of the s…
h the chromosomes of organisms other than bacteria (i.e., euk…
a threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
Centriole
a minute cylindrical organelle near the nucleus in animal cel…
centrimere
the region of a chromosome to which the microtubules of the s…
40 termscreated on January 19, 2017
biology ch 10 test
disease causing
transformation
used enzymes to destroy protein, rna,…
cells with no protein & rna could tran…
virulent means
the process where a hereditary factor that transfers the dise…
describe oswald avery's experiment(s)
conclusion of avery's experiment(s)
disease causing
virulent means
transformation
the process where a hereditary factor that transfers the dise…
45 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Vocab Set #2
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
...
...
...
...
Atom
...
Nucleus
...
12 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Biology: Chemistry Test
I. Inorganic Substances
A. Water
B. Minerals (and Salts)
B. Examples
are substances that do not contain chain forming action
covered in previous unit
inorganic nutrients (certain elements that the body needs usu…
1. Calcium- strong teeth and bones ex. muscle contraction... 2.…
I. Inorganic Substances
are substances that do not contain chain forming action
A. Water
covered in previous unit
29 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Biology Midterm Review Guide Quizlet
evolve
metabolism
homeostasis
reproduction
over generations, groups of organisms change over time
all living things use some sort of energy and make waste
all living things can maintain constant conditions internally
all things produce offspring
evolve
over generations, groups of organisms change over time
metabolism
all living things use some sort of energy and make waste
13 termscreated on January 19, 2017
gabbys study guide
Synthesis
DNA
Nucleotide
RNA
the production of chemical compounds by reaction from simpler…
deoxyribonucleic acid, a self-replicating material present in…
a compound consisting of a nucleoside linked to a phosphate g…
ribonucleic acid, a nucleic acid present in all living cells.…
Synthesis
the production of chemical compounds by reaction from simpler…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid, a self-replicating material present in…
39 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Cell basics
The use of a mRNA molecule to produce…
What can not pass through the nuclear…
Some proteins located on the surface o…
s phase
Translation is best described as specific proteins from the m…
DNA or Chromosomes
...
phase of cell cycle during which DNA replicates itself
The use of a mRNA molecule to produce…
Translation is best described as specific proteins from the m…
What can not pass through the nuclear…
DNA or Chromosomes
42 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Chapter 4 vocabulary
Electron Microscope
Virion
Prokaryotic Cells
Nucleoid region
A type of microscope that uses beams of electrons to illumina…
Viral particles that have some similarities to cells in that…
A type of cell that contains genetic material that is not con…
the region around the nucleus of a cell
Electron Microscope
A type of microscope that uses beams of electrons to illumina…
Virion
Viral particles that have some similarities to cells in that…
13 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Genes, Gene expression, and the cell cycle: chapter 3
genes
Nucleic Acids - DNA and RNA
DNA
RNA
-Genes are the functional unit of heredity that transmit gene…
Nucleotides... -Composed of a five carbon sugar, a nitrogenous b…
-Genetic material of cells copied form 1 generation to the ne…
-Responsible for interperating the code within DNA into the p…
genes
-Genes are the functional unit of heredity that transmit gene…
Nucleic Acids - DNA and RNA
Nucleotides... -Composed of a five carbon sugar, a nitrogenous b…
31 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Fanning Carbon Based Molecules
Atom
Molecule
Covalent Bond
Polarity
Smallest basic unit of matter. The sub atomic particles are p…
two or more atoms held together by COVALENT bonds.
the result of sharing electrons
Occurs when there are regions or areas of positive or negativ…
Atom
Smallest basic unit of matter. The sub atomic particles are p…
Molecule
two or more atoms held together by COVALENT bonds.
52 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Building Blocks-Macromolecules Powerpoint
What are macromolecules?
What are the four macromolecules?
Matter
What are the three states of matter?
chemical basis of structural hierarchy and the basic molecule…
1. carbohydrates... 2. lipids... 3. proteins... 4. nucleic acids
Has mass and occupies space
1. Solid-definite shape and volume... 2. Liquid-definite volume,…
What are macromolecules?
chemical basis of structural hierarchy and the basic molecule…
What are the four macromolecules?
1. carbohydrates... 2. lipids... 3. proteins... 4. nucleic acids
25 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Chapter 11 bio
What do a's bind with in dna?
What do g's bind with in dna?
Where is genetic information held?
What does genetic information in a dna…
T's
C's
Molecules of dna
An organisms traits
What do a's bind with in dna?
T's
What do g's bind with in dna?
C's
21 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Unit 4 biology
Base Pairing
Replication
DNA Polymerase
RNA
Principle that bonds in DNA can form only between Adenine & T…
Process of copying DNA prior to cell division
Principal enzyme involved in DNA replication.
Single stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose.
Base Pairing
Principle that bonds in DNA can form only between Adenine & T…
Replication
Process of copying DNA prior to cell division
33 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Exam: chapter 2
Atom
Element
Compound
Molecule
Smallest basic unit of life
Can't be broken down into anything smaller
Made of two or more elements
Made of two or more atoms held together by covalent bonds
Atom
Smallest basic unit of life
Element
Can't be broken down into anything smaller
43 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Physiology - Chapter 2 - Exam 1
carbohydrate
lipid
protein
nucleic acid
...
...
...
...
carbohydrate
...
lipid
...
21 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Protein Synthesis
Base pairing
Replication
DNA Polymerase
RNA
Principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
Process of copying DNA prior to cell division
Principle enzyme involved in DNA replication
Ribose Nucleic Acid
Base pairing
Principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
Replication
Process of copying DNA prior to cell division
30 termscreated on January 19, 2017
BHS Bio Chapter 9
genetics
heredity
trait
pollination
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
a genetically determined variant of a characteristic
the transfer of pollen from the male reproductive structures…
genetics
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
heredity
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
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