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Study sets matching "nucleic acid"

35 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology Chapter 2
Which element is found in 100% of all…
Which kind of carbohydrate is lactose?
What is the inability to digest lactos…
In which acid is a carboxyl group alwa…
carbon
Sugar
Lactose intolerance
Amino acid
Which element is found in 100% of all…
carbon
Which kind of carbohydrate is lactose?
Sugar
25 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Bio unit 4: cell bio unit 2
Antibiotic
Homeostatis
Bacteria
Protein
A chemical substance that kills microorganisms and is used to…
Stable internal conditions within a cell or organism
A domain of single-called prokaryotic life organisms. While s…
A macromolecule made of one or more chains of amino acids fol…
Antibiotic
A chemical substance that kills microorganisms and is used to…
Homeostatis
Stable internal conditions within a cell or organism
97 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology Minvielle Mid-Term Exam Terms
Biology
DNA
Cells
Cell Theory
the study of life
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Every thing is made up of one or more _____... _____ Theory
All living things are composed of one or more _____... The ____…
Biology
the study of life
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
12 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Plasma Membrane Structure and Function
Agitating vs. Agitaiton
How do cells maintain fluidity?
How can proteins pass through phosphol…
What are the functions of membrane pro…
Going to vs. Going out
By modifying fatty acids... - Unsaturated bye moving H and doub…
Hydrophobic... Electrically Neutral... Non-polar... Tiny
1. Receptors/Signal Transduction Pathways... 2. Cell ID - Glycop…
Agitating vs. Agitaiton
Going to vs. Going out
How do cells maintain fluidity?
By modifying fatty acids... - Unsaturated bye moving H and doub…
16 termscreated on December 10, 2016
PLTW - ES 3.2
Amino Acid
Base-pair
Chromosome
Codon
Any organic compound that contains at least one amino group (…
Pair of hydrogen-bonded amines on a strand of DNA or RNA.
Any of several threadlike bodies, consisting of chromatin, th…
A triplet of adjacent nucleotides in the messenger RNA chain…
Amino Acid
Any organic compound that contains at least one amino group (…
Base-pair
Pair of hydrogen-bonded amines on a strand of DNA or RNA.
40 termscreated on December 10, 2016
AP Bio - Ch. 10 & 11
Promoter
Elongation
Termination
Introns
Special DNA sequence to which the RNA polymerase binds very t…
After RNA polymerase has bound to the promoter. This is when…
Last step in transcription
Intervening regions that interrupt the coding region
Promoter
Special DNA sequence to which the RNA polymerase binds very t…
Elongation
After RNA polymerase has bound to the promoter. This is when…
30 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Chapter 13 test
Nucleic acids are assembled in the ___…
The action of helicase creates
During DNA replication, an old DNA str…
In a nucleosome, the DNA is wrapped ar…
C. 5' to 3'
A. replication forks and replication bubbles.
A. template
A. histones.
Nucleic acids are assembled in the ___…
C. 5' to 3'
The action of helicase creates
A. replication forks and replication bubbles.
40 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Chapter 2
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
Basic unit of matter
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Atom
Basic unit of matter
Nucleus
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
30 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Chapter 14 test
Which of the following is the function…
If a newly made polypeptide is to be s…
Which of these correctly illustrates t…
After transcription, several steps mus…
B. To translocate polypeptides across the membrane of the end…
A. Its signal sequence must target it to the ER, after which…
A. GTTACG... CAAUGC
B. A poly-A tail is added to the 3' end of the pre-mRNA.... ... C.…
Which of the following is the function…
B. To translocate polypeptides across the membrane of the end…
If a newly made polypeptide is to be s…
A. Its signal sequence must target it to the ER, after which…
5 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Nucleic acids - Inorganic Ions
Inorganic Ions
Iron Ions in Haemoglobin
Hydrogen Ions
Sodium Ions
Ions that don't contain Carbon, found in solution in the Cyto…
Haemoglobin - large protein carrying oxygen around the body i…
pH is calculated by the concentration of Hydrogen Ions, the m…
Helps for things such as Glucose and Amino acids to cross Cel…
Inorganic Ions
Ions that don't contain Carbon, found in solution in the Cyto…
Iron Ions in Haemoglobin
Haemoglobin - large protein carrying oxygen around the body i…
13 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Chapter 13 Vocab
Amino Acid
Anabolism
Carbohydrate
Catabolism
The monomers of polypeptides, each monomer consisting of an a…
A general term for all the energy-requiring chemical reaction…
Organic molecules produced by photosynthetic plants, containi…
Chemical reactions that break down biomolecules in the body.
Amino Acid
The monomers of polypeptides, each monomer consisting of an a…
Anabolism
A general term for all the energy-requiring chemical reaction…
45 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Semester 1
What are the 8 characteristics of life?
What is reproduction
Cells
Response to stimulus
Reproduction, cells, respond to stimulus, homeostasis, growth…
Organisms make more of their own kind
The basic unit of living organisms
Reacting to the environment
What are the 8 characteristics of life?
Reproduction, cells, respond to stimulus, homeostasis, growth…
What is reproduction
Organisms make more of their own kind
11 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Animal Viruses
Grown in?
Cells grown in culture media in the lab
Primary cells
Transformed cell lines
Living animals and Embryonated eggs
Cells are released from whole tissue with enzymes... Cells resus…
Have a definitive number of generations
Have an infinite number of generations
Grown in?
Living animals and Embryonated eggs
Cells grown in culture media in the lab
Cells are released from whole tissue with enzymes... Cells resus…
43 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Vitamins & Minerals - Water Soluble Vitamins
Required for synthesis of collagen, L-…
Required for synthesis of methionine f…
Metabolism of nucleic acids & amino ac…
Hormone receptors for estrogen & testo…
Vitamin C
B12 & Folate
Folate
B6
Required for synthesis of collagen, L-…
Vitamin C
Required for synthesis of methionine f…
B12 & Folate
45 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology Midterm Exam Vocabulary
atom
nucleus
electron
element
the basic unit of matter
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located in the space surrounding…
pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
atom
the basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutron…
13 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Nucleic Acids
nucleotide
3 differences between RNA and DNA
purines pair with pyrimidines
purines
monomer of nucleic acids (and therefore DNA/RNA)
1. at the 2' position (RNA = OH, DNA = H)... 2. bases (uracil in…
big word, small bases; small word, big bases
A, G
nucleotide
monomer of nucleic acids (and therefore DNA/RNA)
3 differences between RNA and DNA
1. at the 2' position (RNA = OH, DNA = H)... 2. bases (uracil in…
6 termscreated on December 10, 2016
chem review
carboydrtates (function)
carboydrates (building bloacks)
protein (building blocks )
protein (function)
supple source with cellular food
mono, disacharrides, starches, glycogen
20 amino acids bound with a peptide
energy
carboydrtates (function)
supple source with cellular food
carboydrates (building bloacks)
mono, disacharrides, starches, glycogen
65 termscreated on December 10, 2016
PBS Unit 1
1. Protect crime scene... 2. Photograph c…
A
B
A and B
What order to process a crime scene?
Type A has____ antigens
Type B has ___ antigens
Type AB has ___ antigens
1. Protect crime scene... 2. Photograph c…
What order to process a crime scene?
A
Type A has____ antigens
44 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Cell & Molecular Bio Chapter 13
Wild Type
RNA
Ribose
Messenger RNA
The phenotypically normal form of a gene
A family of single-stranded nucleic acids that function mainl…
The five-carbon sugar present in RNA and in important nucleos…
RNA that specifies the amino acid sequence of a protein; tran…
Wild Type
The phenotypically normal form of a gene
RNA
A family of single-stranded nucleic acids that function mainl…
52 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Life Science Chap 3 - SEMESTER EXAM
21% Oxygen; 78% Nitrogen; 1 to 3% Carb…
Element
Atom
Compound
What is the composition of air?
Any substance that can not be broken down into a simpler subs…
The smallest unit of an element
Two or more elements chemically combined
21% Oxygen; 78% Nitrogen; 1 to 3% Carb…
What is the composition of air?
Element
Any substance that can not be broken down into a simpler subs…
63 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Bio 101 chapter 13-14
Central Dogma
Chargaff's rule
Sugar-phosphate backbone
Deoxyribose
The replication of DNA, Transcription of DNA into RNA, and th…
1.) The base composition off DNA varies between species... 2.) I…
The "backbone" of the DNA, or the part that holds it all toge…
The sugar in DNA
Central Dogma
The replication of DNA, Transcription of DNA into RNA, and th…
Chargaff's rule
1.) The base composition off DNA varies between species... 2.) I…
17 termscreated on December 10, 2016
CHAPTER 3 - cell process and energy
CELLULOSE
NUCLEIC ACID
PIGMENT
CHLOROPHYLL
...
...
...
...
CELLULOSE
...
NUCLEIC ACID
...
23 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology Ch 1- 2.5
Molecular Genetics
Genomics
Biosphere
atom
study of DNA structure and function on the molecular level
study and comparison of genomes within a certain species
where all living things are found
smallest unit of matter
Molecular Genetics
study of DNA structure and function on the molecular level
Genomics
study and comparison of genomes within a certain species
141 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Micro Flashcards (New Material)
During generalized transduction
Specialized transduction can be carrie…
If chomosomal DNA from a host is the o…
If chromosomal DNA from a host and pha…
the host chromosome is degraded into randomly sized fragments…
only those temperate bacteriophages that integrate into the h…
Transduction in this case is generalized rather than speciali…
Transduction in this case is specialized rather than generali…
During generalized transduction
the host chromosome is degraded into randomly sized fragments…
Specialized transduction can be carrie…
only those temperate bacteriophages that integrate into the h…
47 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Honors Biology Chapters 3 & 5
CHONPS
Functional Groups
Dehydration Synthesis
hydrolysis
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Sulfur
Carboxyl, Carbonyl, Hydroxyl, Methyl, Amino, Phosphorus
when two glucose molecules bond together by losing two hydrog…
a chemical breakdown of a compound due to water
CHONPS
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Sulfur
Functional Groups
Carboxyl, Carbonyl, Hydroxyl, Methyl, Amino, Phosphorus
20 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Science 2
organism
living things need
cells
unicellular
living thing or things
cellular organization, contain similar chemicals, use energy,…
basic unit of structure and function in organism; small build…
single celled organism
organism
living thing or things
living things need
cellular organization, contain similar chemicals, use energy,…
50 termscreated on December 10, 2016
A&P Exam 1
Electrons and Protons
4
Isotopes
11
In an uncharged atom of a particular element, the atomic numb…
If the atomic number of Silicon is 14, how many electrons doe…
Atoms with the same atomic number but with different atomic m…
Magnesium has an atomic weight of 24 and an atomic number of…
Electrons and Protons
In an uncharged atom of a particular element, the atomic numb…
4
If the atomic number of Silicon is 14, how many electrons doe…
42 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Microbiology Terms CH 5,7,8
Bacteriostatic
Baceriocidal
Germicide
Sterilant
inhibits bacterial growth, not killing
kills bacteria cells
kills microbes
destroys all living microorganisms- including endospores
Bacteriostatic
inhibits bacterial growth, not killing
Baceriocidal
kills bacteria cells
422 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology
Plant Cell
Animal Cell
X) cell wall
W) wing of a bat and the arm of a human
What type of cell is this?
What type of cell is this?
Which of the following is NOT a structure found in human cell…
Which of the following are homologous structures: ... W) wing of…
Plant Cell
What type of cell is this?
Animal Cell
What type of cell is this?
91 termscreated on December 10, 2016
BIOLOGY- GRUVER SEMESTER 1 FINAL
the study of life
characteristics of living things
the smallest unit of life
all living things are made up of_______
biology
cells... reproduce ... use and obtain energy ... grow/develop... evolve... D…
cell
1 or more cells
the study of life
biology
characteristics of living things
cells... reproduce ... use and obtain energy ... grow/develop... evolve... D…
30 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Concept 1: Biochemistry
Active Site
Allosteric Site
Amino Acid
Amphipathic
The part of an enzyme or antibody where the chemical reaction…
A specific receptor site on some part of an enzyme molecule r…
Building blocks of protein
Molecules are said to be this when it has regions that are bo…
Active Site
The part of an enzyme or antibody where the chemical reaction…
Allosteric Site
A specific receptor site on some part of an enzyme molecule r…
117 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Exam Review
Anatomy is to _____ as physiology is t…
What is the correct order from most co…
Skin, hair, and nails are associated w…
A chemical imbalance in the body can c…
Structure; Function
Organism, Organ system, organ, tissue, cellular, molecular
Integumentary
All levels of organization within an organism are interdepend…
Anatomy is to _____ as physiology is t…
Structure; Function
What is the correct order from most co…
Organism, Organ system, organ, tissue, cellular, molecular
22 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Patho Final (2)
pernicious anemia
vitamin B12
metabolic pathways affected by pernici…
clinical manifestations of pernicious…
- autoimmune attack on GI epithelium by cytotoxic T cells... -de…
-DNA, myelin synthesis... -used for methylation rxn and nucleic…
1) bone marrow... 2) GI tract... 3) Nervous system
1) anemia... 2) malabsorption... 3) diarrhea... 4) glossitis (red infl…
pernicious anemia
- autoimmune attack on GI epithelium by cytotoxic T cells... -de…
vitamin B12
-DNA, myelin synthesis... -used for methylation rxn and nucleic…
29 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Chapter 20: biotechnology
What is recombinant DNA?
Describe restriction enzymes that are…
What are sticky ends?
If two different DNA molecules are cut…
DNA molecules formed by joining segments from two sources
Protect the bacterial cell by cutting up foreign DNA from oth…
A single stranded end of a double stranded restriction fragment
Yes, due to the sticky ends
What is recombinant DNA?
DNA molecules formed by joining segments from two sources
Describe restriction enzymes that are…
Protect the bacterial cell by cutting up foreign DNA from oth…
43 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Principles of BioMed - Unit 2 Test Study Guide
glucagon
glucose tolerance test
homeostasis
hormone
a protein hormone secreted by pancreatic endocrine cells that…
a test of the body's ability to metabolize glucose that invol…
the maintenance of relativity stable internal physiological c…
a product of living cells that circulates in blood and produc…
glucagon
a protein hormone secreted by pancreatic endocrine cells that…
glucose tolerance test
a test of the body's ability to metabolize glucose that invol…
112 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology Exam Review
Biology
Cells
Reproduction
Homeostasis
The science of life.
The basic unit of structure and function in all living things
Production of offspring.
The regulation of an organism's internal environment... Example:…
Biology
The science of life.
Cells
The basic unit of structure and function in all living things
66 termscreated on December 10, 2016
science midterm
carbohydrate
lipid
atoms
cells
molecules that include sugars, starches, and fiber that are u…
a fat molecule or a molecule that has similar properties
basic particles that make up both living and nonliving things
the smallest functional ans structural unit of all living org…
carbohydrate
molecules that include sugars, starches, and fiber that are u…
lipid
a fat molecule or a molecule that has similar properties
36 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Science Vocabulary
active transport
carbohydrate
cell
cell membrane
The movement of materials across a cell membrane using cellul…
An energy - rich compound, such as sugar or a starch, that is…
The basic unit of structure and function in living things
controls which substance pass into and out of a cell
active transport
The movement of materials across a cell membrane using cellul…
carbohydrate
An energy - rich compound, such as sugar or a starch, that is…
36 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Ch. 17
Transcription
Translation
Ribosomes
Primary Transcript
The transfer of information from DNA to Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Transfers information from mRNA to a polypeptide, changing fr…
The sites of translation- the sites of the synthesis of a pol…
The Initial RNA transcript of any gene
Transcription
The transfer of information from DNA to Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Translation
Transfers information from mRNA to a polypeptide, changing fr…
35 termscreated on December 10, 2016
MY EARLY DEATH IN BIOLOGY
Metabolism
Covalent Bond
Ionic Bond
Hydrogen Bond
the complex of physical and chemical processes occurring with…
a chemical bond formed by the sharing of one or more electron…
a chemical bond in which one atom loses an electron to form a…
a type of chemical bond that is formed when the slightly posi…
Metabolism
the complex of physical and chemical processes occurring with…
Covalent Bond
a chemical bond formed by the sharing of one or more electron…
22 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Bio exam
Because they can bond with themselves…
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and n…
Plant cells have chloroplast and a cel…
The arrangement of the molecules that…
What makes carbon such a good builder of molecules?
What are the four major types of carbon-based macromolecules?
What are the main differences between plant and animal cells?
What does "fluid mosaic model" describe?
Because they can bond with themselves…
What makes carbon such a good builder of molecules?
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and n…
What are the four major types of carbon-based macromolecules?
70 termscreated on December 10, 2016
virion
Which of the following is an accurate…
The outermost layer of a virion fulfil…
A ________ is a virus that infects bac…
Which of the following is present in c…
an infectious particle of protein and nucleic acid outside a…
both protection and recognition
bacteriophage
ssDNA
Which of the following is an accurate…
an infectious particle of protein and nucleic acid outside a…
The outermost layer of a virion fulfil…
both protection and recognition
10 termscreated on December 10, 2016
biological molecules
What are biomolecules?
What are carbohydrates?
What is the purpose of carbohydrates?
What is the monomer that makes up carb…
Biomolecules are polymers constructed from smaller subunits c…
molecules with a 1:2:1 ratio of carbon hydrogen and oxygen
they are good energy storage molecules and can sometimes prov…
monosaccharides, single sugars (ex. glucose)
What are biomolecules?
Biomolecules are polymers constructed from smaller subunits c…
What are carbohydrates?
molecules with a 1:2:1 ratio of carbon hydrogen and oxygen
14 termscreated on December 10, 2016
GENES
GENES ON CHROMOSOMES ARE
what did griffith investigate
what did griffith find
what was griffith's conclusion
the "heritable factor" -- info that determines structure and…
pneumonia
virulence is passed fr dead strains to living strains... SMOOTH…
that transformation occurs (horiz. gene transfer)
GENES ON CHROMOSOMES ARE
the "heritable factor" -- info that determines structure and…
what did griffith investigate
pneumonia
47 termscreated on December 10, 2016
CHAPTER 2 - Living things
STIMULUS
RESPONSE
ORGANELLES
ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM
a change in an organism's surroundings that causes the organi…
an action or change in behavior; an organism reacts to stimul…
smaller structures inside a cell; tiny cell structures that c…
a maze of passageways in the cytoplasm; the endoplasmic retic…
STIMULUS
a change in an organism's surroundings that causes the organi…
RESPONSE
an action or change in behavior; an organism reacts to stimul…
23 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biochem :p
Nucleoside
Nucleotide
Nucleic acids
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
Contains a purine or pyrimidine base covalently bonded to a s…
Monomer of nucleic acids, nucleoside to which 1-3 phosphate g…
Polymer of nucleotides covalently linked by phosphodiester bo…
A double stranded nucleic acid molecule composed of repeating…
Nucleoside
Contains a purine or pyrimidine base covalently bonded to a s…
Nucleotide
Monomer of nucleic acids, nucleoside to which 1-3 phosphate g…
51 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Chapter 2 Vocab
Matter
Mass
Atom
Element
Anything that occupies space and has mass
A measurement of the amount of matter an object contains
The smallest particle that can contain the chemical propertie…
A substance composed of atoms that cannot be broken down into…
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass
Mass
A measurement of the amount of matter an object contains
26 termscreated on December 10, 2016
study guide for the final Questions 1-26
Name, in order, the components of all…
Name the structure in all control syst…
Differentiate between positive and neg…
Define homeostasis
Receptor, control center, Effector
Effector
Negative- most fundamental way the body strives to maintain h…
That body's ability to maintain a relatively constant interna…
Name, in order, the components of all…
Receptor, control center, Effector
Name the structure in all control syst…
Effector
44 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Chapter 3: Molecules of Cells
Organic Compounds
Hydrocarbons
Carbon Skeleton
Isomers
Carbon based molecules
Compounds composed of only carbon and hydrogen atoms
Chain of carbon atoms that can be branched or unbranched
Compounds with the same formula but different structural arra…
Organic Compounds
Carbon based molecules
Hydrocarbons
Compounds composed of only carbon and hydrogen atoms
93 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Pre-AP Biology Fall Final 2016-2017
Difference between constants and a con…
Why do we need control group
Difference between dependent and indep…
Variable measured in an experiment
Constants are things that are always there in every trial in…
Control groups are needed in an experiment so you can see the…
DRY MIX
Dependent
Difference between constants and a con…
Constants are things that are always there in every trial in…
Why do we need control group
Control groups are needed in an experiment so you can see the…
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