Study sets matching "nucleic acids"

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Study sets matching "nucleic acids"

Nucleic Acids
the functions of nucleic acids are to…
Nucleic acids are made up of the follo…
momomers of nucleic acids are...
DNA complete name is
-store and transfer information... -to make protiens
H, O, N, C, P
nucleotides
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
the functions of nucleic acids are to…
-store and transfer information... -to make protiens
Nucleic acids are made up of the follo…
H, O, N, C, P
10 terms
NUCLEIC ACIDS
RNA
DNA
WATSON AND CRICK
GUANINE
Ribonucleic acid is a single stranded nucleic acid with nucle…
Deoxynucleic acid is a double stranded nucleic acid with nucl…
Scientists that developed double helix model of DNA.
Component of nucleic acids that carries hereditary informatio…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid is a single stranded nucleic acid with nucle…
DNA
Deoxynucleic acid is a double stranded nucleic acid with nucl…
10 terms
Nucleic Acids
DNA
RNA
Nucleotide
Adenine
Deoxyribonucleic Acid... A double stranded molecule containing t…
Ribonucleic acid... A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes a…
"A building block/monomer of DNA and RNA, ... Nitrogen Base Suga…
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid... A double stranded molecule containing t…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid... A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes a…
23 terms
Nucleic Acids
Nucleic acids are a group of bio polym…
Nucleosides and Nucleotides
2. Sugar and Aromatic Amines
3. Phosphate ester, sugar, and aromati…
What are Nucleic Acids
What 2 groups can Nucleic Acids be divided into?
How many units in a nucleoside? Name them.
How many units in a nucleotide? Name them.
Nucleic acids are a group of bio polym…
What are Nucleic Acids
Nucleosides and Nucleotides
What 2 groups can Nucleic Acids be divided into?
27 terms
Nucleic Acids
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Double Stranded, very long
Single Stranded, short
Where DNA is located in the cell
Where RNA is located in the cell.
The size of DNA
The size of RNA
Nucleus
Where DNA is located in the cell
Cytoplasm
Where RNA is located in the cell.
Nucleic acids
What does DNA stand for?
Four chemical bases DNA is made up of
Name of structure
Where is DNA most commonly found?
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine
Double Helix
The cells nucleus
What does DNA stand for?
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Four chemical bases DNA is made up of
Adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine
19 terms
Nucleic Acids
deoxyribonucleic acid
ribonucleic acid
chromatid
centromere
DNA
RNA
half of a chromosome
where 2 chromatids are joined together
deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA
ribonucleic acid
RNA
8 terms
Nucleic Acids
nucleic acid
monomer
nucleotide
pyrimidine
information storage and instructions... ATP
nucleotide
phosphate group: located on 5' C bonded to 3' OH... pentose sug…
single nitrogen ring structures
nucleic acid
information storage and instructions... ATP
monomer
nucleotide
Nucleic acids
Monomers
Parts of nucleotides
pyrimidines
Purines
Nucleotides
-nitrogen base... -5 carbon sugar ... -phosphate group
6 membered ring of nitrogen and carbon atoms ... -cytosine ... -thy…
larger, 6 member ring fused to 5 member ring ... -adenine ... -guan…
Monomers
Nucleotides
Parts of nucleotides
-nitrogen base... -5 carbon sugar ... -phosphate group
Nucleic Acids
Watson-Crick base pairs determine seco…
Wobble pairing
DNA double helix can adopt different s…
DNA double helix can adopt different s…
Watson-Crick or "canonical" base pairs:... A : T - weak H-bonder…
Uses non-Watson-Crick edge.... Not very stable.... Important for in…
The most common secondary structural form of DNAs.... The WC bas…
Under dehydration conditions, DNA adopts the A form.... RNAs are…
Watson-Crick base pairs determine seco…
Watson-Crick or "canonical" base pairs:... A : T - weak H-bonder…
Wobble pairing
Uses non-Watson-Crick edge.... Not very stable.... Important for in…
15 terms
Nucleic Acids
Cytosine
Uracil
Thymine
Guanine
Pyrimidine
Pyrimidine
Pyrimidine
Purine
Cytosine
Pyrimidine
Uracil
Pyrimidine
38 terms
Nucleic Acids
What is the correct sequence of the tr…
What are the three base sequences call…
What type of molecule would contain ph…
What type of molecule is double-strand…
DNA-RNA-Protein
anticodon
RNA
DNA
What is the correct sequence of the tr…
DNA-RNA-Protein
What are the three base sequences call…
anticodon
134 terms
Nucleic Acids - all 134 cards
DNA, RNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
ribonucleic acid
phosphate group, five-carbon sugar, an…
What are the 2 kinds of nucleic acids?
DNA is an abbreviation for ____.
RNA is an abbreviation for ____.
What are the 3 components of a nucleotide?
DNA, RNA
What are the 2 kinds of nucleic acids?
deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA is an abbreviation for ____.
Nucleic Acids
the functions of nucleic acids are to…
they are made up of ___________________
momomers of nucleic acids are...
DNA (_________________________________…
-store and transfer information... -to make protiens
H, O, N, C, P
nucleotides
Deoxyribonucleic Acid, cellular activities, characteristics
the functions of nucleic acids are to…
-store and transfer information... -to make protiens
they are made up of ___________________
H, O, N, C, P
12 terms
Nucleic acids
Nucleic acid examples
Nucleic acid monomer and structure
Nucleotide picture
Purines
DNA, RNA, ATP, GTP
nucleotide- has a nitrogenous base, 5 carbon sugar, and a pho…
Two rings- one 5 carbon ring bonded to 6 carbon ring. Include…
Nucleic acid examples
DNA, RNA, ATP, GTP
Nucleic acid monomer and structure
nucleotide- has a nitrogenous base, 5 carbon sugar, and a pho…
23 terms
Nucleic Acids
nucleotide
nucleoside
nucleobase
adenine
pentose, phosphate, base (aden-ylate)
pentose, base (aden-osine)
base (aden-ine)
(ANGONTOOMCNO)
nucleotide
pentose, phosphate, base (aden-ylate)
nucleoside
pentose, base (aden-osine)
10 terms
Nucleic Acids
Genome
RNA and DNA
Nucleotides
Adenine binds to thymine
Genetic make up
Nucleic acids/ Organic substances
Phosphates, sugars and bases
Two hydrogen bonds
Genome
Genetic make up
RNA and DNA
Nucleic acids/ Organic substances
18 terms
Nucleic Acids
Nucleotide
3 parts of a nucleotide
A pairs with
C pairs with
monomer of nucleic acids
sugar, phosphate, nitrogen base
T
G
Nucleotide
monomer of nucleic acids
3 parts of a nucleotide
sugar, phosphate, nitrogen base
9 terms
Nucleic Acids
Nucleic Acid
Nucleotide
Ribose
RNA
The organic compound that determines the amino acid sequence…
The monomer of nucleic acids; Contains 3 parts: A 5-carbons s…
One of the 5-carbon sugars that can be used in a nucleotide;…
One of the nucleic acid polymers which stands for Ribonucleic…
Nucleic Acid
The organic compound that determines the amino acid sequence…
Nucleotide
The monomer of nucleic acids; Contains 3 parts: A 5-carbons s…
5 terms
Nucleic Acids
What is the element ratio for nucleic…
What are nucleic acids functions?
What is the monomer of a nucleic acid?
What are some examples of Nucleic Acids?
CHONP (no ratio)
Have instructions to make proteins.... Hold genetic information
Nucleotide
DNA and RNA
What is the element ratio for nucleic…
CHONP (no ratio)
What are nucleic acids functions?
Have instructions to make proteins.... Hold genetic information
Nucleic Acids
Types of nucleic acids
Nucleotides
Nucleotides are monomers of
DNA has a _______ and is a molecule of…
DNA and RNA
phosphate group + sugar + nitrogenous base
nucleic acids
double helix, inheritance
Types of nucleic acids
DNA and RNA
Nucleotides
phosphate group + sugar + nitrogenous base
23 terms
Nucleic Acids pp 9-10
3, amino acid
transcription and translation
cytoplasm
nucleus
Each group of ___mRNA bases codes for a single ____.
What 2 processes lead to the expression of the person's trait…
In prokaryotes, where is mRNA produced?
In eukaryotes, where is mRNA produced?
3, amino acid
Each group of ___mRNA bases codes for a single ____.
transcription and translation
What 2 processes lead to the expression of the person's trait…
18 terms
Nucleic Acids
What do Nucleic Acids contain?
What are the functions of nucleic acids?
What are the building blocks of nuclei…
What is the composition of nucleic aci…
C, H, O, N, P.
Determine amino acid sequence of proteins.... Source of genetic…
Nucelotides
1. 5-Carbon Sugar (pentose)... 2. Nitrogen-containing base... 3. Ph…
What do Nucleic Acids contain?
C, H, O, N, P.
What are the functions of nucleic acids?
Determine amino acid sequence of proteins.... Source of genetic…
Nucleic Acids
nucleic acids
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, ph…
nucleotides
-store information... -holds genetic info…
what compound structure is this?
what elements is nucleic acids made up of?
nucleic acids are made up of what monomers?
what are the functions of nucleic acids?
nucleic acids
what compound structure is this?
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, ph…
what elements is nucleic acids made up of?
22 terms
Nucleic Acids
nucleotides
nucleic acid function
RNA
3 molecular parts of nucleotides
the building blocks of nucleic acids
store and transmit genetic information
performs protein synthesis; controls intermediate steps in pr…
-a 5 carbon sugar... -phosphate group... -nitrogenous base (A,G,T,C…
nucleotides
the building blocks of nucleic acids
nucleic acid function
store and transmit genetic information
12 terms
Nucleic Acids
nucleotide
double helix
A, T, C, G
A, U, C, G
monomers of nucleic acids
deoxyribonucleic acid
nitrogenous bases found in DNA
nitrogenous bases found in RNA
nucleotide
monomers of nucleic acids
double helix
deoxyribonucleic acid
10 terms
Nucleic Acids
Functions of Nucleic Acids
Elements of Nucleic Acids
Monomers of Nucleic Acids
Types/examples of Nucleic Acids
1.Holds the genetic information of the cell (DNA)... 2.Carries i…
Carbon... Oxygen... Hydrogen... Nitrogen... Phosphorus
Nucleotide
DNA... RNA
Functions of Nucleic Acids
1.Holds the genetic information of the cell (DNA)... 2.Carries i…
Elements of Nucleic Acids
Carbon... Oxygen... Hydrogen... Nitrogen... Phosphorus
5 terms
Nucleic Acids
Nucleotide Definition:
Nucleic Acid Definition:
Enzyme Definition:
Nitrogen Base Definition:
The monomer of the DNA and RNA polymer; composed of a Phoshph…
A type of Macromolecule that contains the instructions for ev…
A type of Protein that speeds up chemical reactions
Nitrogen Bases are the cross connections between the Sugar-Ph…
Nucleotide Definition:
The monomer of the DNA and RNA polymer; composed of a Phoshph…
Nucleic Acid Definition:
A type of Macromolecule that contains the instructions for ev…
Nucleic Acids
DNA
Nucleotide
Double helix
Hydrogen bond
a double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
a building block of DNA or RNA, consisting of a sugar, a nitr…
a pair of parallel helices intertwined about a common axis
a type of weak chemical bond formed between the nitrogenous b…
DNA
a double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
Nucleotide
a building block of DNA or RNA, consisting of a sugar, a nitr…
10 terms
NUCLEIC ACIDS
RNA
DNA
WATSON AND CRICK
GUANINE
Ribonucleic acid is a single stranded nucleic acid with nucle…
Deoxynucleic acid is a double stranded nucleic acid with nucl…
Scientists that developed double helix model of DNA.
Component of nucleic acids that carries hereditary informatio…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid is a single stranded nucleic acid with nucle…
DNA
Deoxynucleic acid is a double stranded nucleic acid with nucl…
13 terms
Nucleic Acids
Nucleic acids
Monomer
Nucleotide(Sugar-phosphate backbone) S…
Nucleotide(Sugar-phosphate backbone) C…
Information storage, energy
Nucleotide
5' end near phosphate... 3' end near a Hydroxyl
Nucleoside:Nitrogenous Base, Pentose Sugar... Also contains phos…
Nucleic acids
Information storage, energy
Monomer
Nucleotide
Nucleic Acids
DNA
Nucleotide
Double helix
Hydrogen bond
a double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
a building block of DNA or RNA, consisting of a sugar, a nitr…
a pair of parallel helices intertwined about a common axis
a type of weak chemical bond formed between the nitrogenous b…
DNA
a double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
Nucleotide
a building block of DNA or RNA, consisting of a sugar, a nitr…
13 terms
Nucleic Acids
DNA
RNA
Nucleotide
3 parts of a nucleotide
deoxyribonucleic acid
riobnucleic acid
monomer of DNA/RNA
phosphate group... sugar... nitrogenous base
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
RNA
riobnucleic acid
Nucleic Acids
Nucleic Acid
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
Ribonucleic Acid (RNA)
Nucleotide
Long chain of nucleotides that make up genetic material
Double stranded chain that contain the blueprint for life. Lo…
Single stranded chain the is used to make proteins from the D…
Monomer consisting of a pentose sugar, a phosphate group, and…
Nucleic Acid
Long chain of nucleotides that make up genetic material
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
Double stranded chain that contain the blueprint for life. Lo…
12 terms
Nucleic Acids
Deoxyribose
Ribose
DNA Nitrogen Bases
RNA Nitrogen Bases
The sugar found in DNA
The sugar found in RNA
adenine, Thymine, guanine, cytosine
adenine, uracil, guanine, cytosine
Deoxyribose
The sugar found in DNA
Ribose
The sugar found in RNA
Nucleic Acids
Subunits of Nucleic Acids
Phosphate, Sugar, and Nitrogen Base
DNA & RNA
RNA
Nucleotides
3 Parts of a Nucleotide
2 Types of Nucleic Acids
Subunits of Nucleic Acids
Nucleotides
Phosphate, Sugar, and Nitrogen Base
3 Parts of a Nucleotide
23 terms
Nucleic Acids
Nucleic acids are a group of bio polym…
Nucleosides and Nucleotides
2. Sugar and Aromatic Amines
3. Phosphate ester, sugar, and aromati…
What are Nucleic Acids
What 2 groups can Nucleic Acids be divided into?
How many units in a nucleoside? Name them.
How many units in a nucleotide? Name them.
Nucleic acids are a group of bio polym…
What are Nucleic Acids
Nucleosides and Nucleotides
What 2 groups can Nucleic Acids be divided into?
6 terms
Nucleic acids
Nucleotides consist of 3 components
Pyrimidine
purine
DNA consists of
a base, a five carbon sugar, phosphate group
adenine, guanine, cystosine, thymine
Nucleotides consist of 3 components
a base, a five carbon sugar, phosphate group
Pyrimidine
19 terms
Nucleic Acids
DNA
DNA and RNA
nucleotide
Watson and Crick
The molecule that holds the instructions for how to build a c…
2 Examples of Nucleic Acids
monomer of a nucleic acid
Figured out structure of DNA was a double helix.
DNA
The molecule that holds the instructions for how to build a c…
DNA and RNA
2 Examples of Nucleic Acids
5 terms
Nucleic Acids
Nucleic Acids
Nucleotides
DNA
RNA
polymer made of nucleotides
monomer of nucleic acids that include phosphate, sugar and ni…
nucleic acid that determines proteins (genetic traits) made i…
nucleic acid that decodes DNA's code
Nucleic Acids
polymer made of nucleotides
Nucleotides
monomer of nucleic acids that include phosphate, sugar and ni…
24 terms
Nucleic Acids
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Ribonucleic Acid
Nucleic acid
Nucleotide
Contain the pentose sugar deoxyribose and form DNA
Contain the pentose sugar ribose and form RNA
Macromolecules that are specialized for storage and transfer…
Monomers that are nucleic acid polymers ... 1. Phosphate group... 2…
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Contain the pentose sugar deoxyribose and form DNA
Ribonucleic Acid
Contain the pentose sugar ribose and form RNA
Nucleic acids
What are nucleic acids / their role
2 types of nucleic acid
Gene
Genomes
Macromolecules that directs protein molecules synthesis
DNA ... RNA
DNA segment that codes for amino acid sequence of polypeptide
Is the cells genetic info, mainly composed of DNA ... Exception:…
What are nucleic acids / their role
Macromolecules that directs protein molecules synthesis
2 types of nucleic acid
DNA ... RNA
Nucleic Acids
DNA
RNA
DNA replication
transcription
(deoxyribonucleic acid) a complex molecule containing the gen…
(ribonucleic acid) a single-stranded nucleic acid that passes…
The process in which DNA makes a duplicate copy of itself.
Process in which part of the nucleotide sequence of DNA is co…
DNA
(deoxyribonucleic acid) a complex molecule containing the gen…
RNA
(ribonucleic acid) a single-stranded nucleic acid that passes…
19 terms
Nucleic Acids
deoxyribose acid
ribonucleic acid
Translation
Transcription
DNA, stays in the nucleus, blueprints/ instructions for life,…
RNA, forms from DNA, functions with ribosomes to form protein…
a sytem used in protein synthesis... 1.) mRNA attaches to riboso…
a system used in protein synthesis... 1.) DNA unwinds and unzips…
deoxyribose acid
DNA, stays in the nucleus, blueprints/ instructions for life,…
ribonucleic acid
RNA, forms from DNA, functions with ribosomes to form protein…
10 terms
Nucleic acids
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
nucleotide
phosphodiester
Holds the genetic information.
transfers genetic information from the DNA in the nucleus to…
composed of pentose sugar bonded to a phosphate and an organi…
Bond formed between the phosphate group of one nucleotide and…
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
Holds the genetic information.
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
transfers genetic information from the DNA in the nucleus to…
8 terms
Nucleic Acids Basics
Nucleosome
Chromatin
Histone
Gene
Complex of DNA, histones and non histones protein from which…
One of several small, highly conserved basic proteins, found…
Nucleosome
Chromatin
Complex of DNA, histones and non histones protein from which…
Nucleic Acids
What is the acidic group of a nucleic…
components of a nucleic acid
antiparallel direction
purines
-the phosphate group ... -it becomes deprotonated and negatively…
- triphosphate acid ... - ribose sugar ... - adenine base
one strand is 5'-->3' and the other strand runs in the opposi…
-a pyrimidine ring fused to an imidazole ring ... -adenine and g…
What is the acidic group of a nucleic…
-the phosphate group ... -it becomes deprotonated and negatively…
components of a nucleic acid
- triphosphate acid ... - ribose sugar ... - adenine base
Nucleic acids
monomers of nucleic acids
polymers of nucleic acids
these are the sources of:
DNA is found in the
nucleotides
DNA and RNA
genes and heredity information
nucleus
monomers of nucleic acids
nucleotides
polymers of nucleic acids
DNA and RNA
5 terms
nucleic acids
adenine
cytosine
uracil
guanine
adenine
cytosine
11 terms
Nucleic acids
Nucleotide
Polynucleotide
Phosphodiester bond
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Monomer of a polynucleotide
A polymer of nucleotide monomers covalently bonded together.
Strong covalent bonds that form between the phosphate group a…
A double stranded polynucleotide.
Nucleotide
Monomer of a polynucleotide
Polynucleotide
A polymer of nucleotide monomers covalently bonded together.
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