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Study sets matching "nursing chapter 8"

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Study sets matching "nursing chapter 8"

19 terms
Nursing Concepts Chapter 8
experience
Dr. Patricia Benner
"knowing that"
"knowing how"
a requisite for expertise
Studied the process of moving from novice to expert in the fi…
theory of nursing - all the foundational knowledge from books…
the experience garnered from the practicing of nursing in the…
experience
a requisite for expertise
Dr. Patricia Benner
Studied the process of moving from novice to expert in the fi…
36 terms
Chapter 8 nursing 210
A. Physical growth and change
Skeletal maturation
1. Gross motor skills
2. Fine motor skills
1. Growth is slower and steadier than during the first two ye…
a. Periods of rapid growth may produce growing pains - episod…
a. Locomotor skills are well in place by age 5 and are expand…
a. Also develop rapidly during middle childhood, especially i…
A. Physical growth and change
1. Growth is slower and steadier than during the first two ye…
Skeletal maturation
a. Periods of rapid growth may produce growing pains - episod…
36 terms
Chapter 8 nursing 210
A. Physical growth and change
Skeletal maturation
1. Gross motor skills
2. Fine motor skills
1. Growth is slower and steadier than during the first two ye…
a. Periods of rapid growth may produce growing pains - episod…
a. Locomotor skills are well in place by age 5 and are expand…
a. Also develop rapidly during middle childhood, especially i…
A. Physical growth and change
1. Growth is slower and steadier than during the first two ye…
Skeletal maturation
a. Periods of rapid growth may produce growing pains - episod…
24 terms
Intro to Nursing Chapter 8
Ambulatory Care
Community Health Center
Consumer
Diagnosis-Related Groups (DRGs)
Health care settings located in areas that are convenient for…
Regionalized services for vulnerable geographic populations,…
Person who uses health care services i.e. the patient
Classification of patients by major medical diagnosis for the…
Ambulatory Care
Health care settings located in areas that are convenient for…
Community Health Center
Regionalized services for vulnerable geographic populations,…
76 terms
Nursing Chapter 8
how many people die a year as the resu…
is defective system processes that eit…
ensures that nursing practice is safe,…
patient safety: minimization of risk o…
at least 44,000 and up to 98,000
cause of the errors
patient safety
- system effectiveness... - individual performance
how many people die a year as the resu…
at least 44,000 and up to 98,000
is defective system processes that eit…
cause of the errors
87 terms
Nursing Chapter 8
Paul and Elder (2005) definition of Cr…
What does a critical thinker do?
How to improve critical thinking?
What questions to asking during critic…
Definition: a process by which the thinker improves the quali…
1. Raises questions/problems and formulates them clearly and…
Pay attention to how you think
1. What do I know about this patient? ... 2. Do I need any addit…
Paul and Elder (2005) definition of Cr…
Definition: a process by which the thinker improves the quali…
What does a critical thinker do?
1. Raises questions/problems and formulates them clearly and…
23 terms
Chapter 8 Nursing Fundamentals
ambulatory care
consumer
diagnosis-related group (DRG)
entitlement reform
health care settings located in areas that are convenient for…
the person who uses health care services (the patient)
classification of patients by major medical diagnosis for the…
proposed legislation making changes in entitlement benefits,…
ambulatory care
health care settings located in areas that are convenient for…
consumer
the person who uses health care services (the patient)
25 terms
nursing chapter 8
vital signs
factors that affect blood pressure
hyperpituitarism
Marfan's syndrome
-temperature... -pulse... -respirations... -blood pressure... -pain
-cardiac output... -peripheral vascular resistance... -circulating…
overgrowth of hands, feet, and head with normal height
arm span greater than height
vital signs
-temperature... -pulse... -respirations... -blood pressure... -pain
factors that affect blood pressure
-cardiac output... -peripheral vascular resistance... -circulating…
17 terms
nursing chapter 8
natural law
common law
statutory law
administrative law
the inherent tendency that humans have to take actions that f…
refers to laws that are made based on a judge's decision in a…
laws that are legislated, such as the nurse practice act; has…
laws that are made through governmental agencies, such as the…
natural law
the inherent tendency that humans have to take actions that f…
common law
refers to laws that are made based on a judge's decision in a…
28 terms
Nursing Vocab chapter 8
Psychosocial
Holistic
Masturbation
Sporitual
Involve socisl interaction, emotions, intellect, and spiritua…
Considering a whole system, such as a whole person, rather th…
To touch or rub sexual organs in order to give oneself or ano…
Of, or relating to, the spirit or soul
Psychosocial
Involve socisl interaction, emotions, intellect, and spiritua…
Holistic
Considering a whole system, such as a whole person, rather th…
15 terms
Nursing 120 Chapter 8
-salpinx
peri-
perine/o
men/o
uterine (fallopian) tube
surrounding (outer)
perineum
mensturation
-salpinx
uterine (fallopian) tube
peri-
surrounding (outer)
16 terms
Nursing Research: Chapter 8
Research Design
Causality
Multicausality
Probability
A blueprint for conducting a study.
Says that things have causes, and causes lead to effects.
The presence of multiple causes for an effect.
Addresses relative rather than absolute causality.
Research Design
A blueprint for conducting a study.
Causality
Says that things have causes, and causes lead to effects.
94 terms
Nursing, chapter 8
factors influencing hospitals today
hospitals
for profit
not for profit
increase in healthcare costs... shortage of healthcare staff... inc…
a business or corporation ... provides services to most of the p…
most hospitals are this category... some profit goes to stockhol…
often have a large number of non-paying patients and may not…
factors influencing hospitals today
increase in healthcare costs... shortage of healthcare staff... inc…
hospitals
a business or corporation ... provides services to most of the p…
21 terms
Chapter 8 nursing terms
Proper/protective body mechanics
Draping
Drape
Fowler's position
Special ways of standing and moving one's body to make the be…
Covering a patient or parts of a patient's body with a sheet,…
A covering used to provide privacy during an examination or o…
The position in which the head of the bed is at a 4r- to 90z-…
Proper/protective body mechanics
Special ways of standing and moving one's body to make the be…
Draping
Covering a patient or parts of a patient's body with a sheet,…
Chapter 8 - Nursing
out of pocket payments
group insurance
individual private health insurance
self-funded / self insurance
patients who pay entirely or partially for services rendered
anticipates that a large group of individuals will purchase i…
if individual is self-employed, such as a small business owne…
health insurance programs that are implemented and controlled…
out of pocket payments
patients who pay entirely or partially for services rendered
group insurance
anticipates that a large group of individuals will purchase i…
10 terms
Nursing chapter 8
Orthopedics
Axial bone
Appendicular
The cranium consists of eight bones:
The medical specialty that studies the anatomy and physiology…
Consists of the bones of the head, chest, and back
Consists of the bones of the shoulders, arms, hips, and legs
-Frontal bone... -Parietal bones... -Occipital bone... -Temporal bones…
Orthopedics
The medical specialty that studies the anatomy and physiology…
Axial bone
Consists of the bones of the head, chest, and back
25 terms
nursing concepts chapter 8
EMTALA
Nurse Practice Act
HIPAA
Mandatory Reporting Law
prohibits the refusal of care for indigent and uninsured pati…
protects the public and make the individual nurse accountable…
ensures confidentiality of the patient's health information
fed govt and states seek to protect at risk individuals by re…
EMTALA
prohibits the refusal of care for indigent and uninsured pati…
Nurse Practice Act
protects the public and make the individual nurse accountable…
27 terms
Dimensions of Nursing Chapter 8
Civil Law
Tort Law
Unintentional Torts
Malpractice... -injuring a client with eq…
Generally deal with the violation of one individuals rights b…
Generally defined as a wrongful act committed against a perso…
Negligence is the primary form. Negligence is the omission of…
type of negligence for which professionals can be sued (profe…
Civil Law
Generally deal with the violation of one individuals rights b…
Tort Law
Generally defined as a wrongful act committed against a perso…
8 terms
Nursing chapter 8
Phase 1
Phase 2
Phase 3
Phase 4
Assessment
Analysis and identification of the problem
Planning
Implementation of planned intervention
Phase 1
Assessment
Phase 2
Analysis and identification of the problem
29 terms
Nursing chapter 8
Copayment
Deductible
For profit
Not for profit
Is the money the patient has to pay out of pocket per visit
Payment per year to the insurance company so they can pay the…
Money goes to the shareholder/stockholders
There is no stockholders or share holders ... Still need to mak…
Copayment
Is the money the patient has to pay out of pocket per visit
Deductible
Payment per year to the insurance company so they can pay the…
50 terms
Nursing chapter 8 vocab
Growth
Development
Life stages
Infancy
Refers to the measurable physical chanhes that occur througho…
Refers to the changes in intellectual, mental, emotional, soc…
Stages each person passes through dealing with growth and dev…
Birth to 1 year
Growth
Refers to the measurable physical chanhes that occur througho…
Development
Refers to the changes in intellectual, mental, emotional, soc…
28 terms
Chapter 8: Nursing Theory and Research
Mechanistic Nursing
Holistic Nursing
Phenomena
Assumptions
Focused on disease or illness specific... based on getting the t…
Focused on the patient as a whole & not just the disease or i…
Aspects of reality that you can observe & experience
You know what they say (these are ideas we take for granted)
Mechanistic Nursing
Focused on disease or illness specific... based on getting the t…
Holistic Nursing
Focused on the patient as a whole & not just the disease or i…
274 terms
Nursing Chapter 8
Gastrointestinal tract (GI tract)
Upper GI
Lower GI
digestive track accessory organs
digestive system
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, and stomach
(Bowels) small intestines, large intestines, rectum and anus
liver, gallbladder and pancreas
Gastrointestinal tract (GI tract)
digestive system
Upper GI
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, and stomach
Research in Nursing - Chapter 8
Research Design
Design Validity
Non-experimental Designs
Cross-Sectional Design
A blueprint for conducting a study
Increases the probability that the study findings are an accu…
Descriptive and Correlational designs... Focus is on examining…
Involves examining a group of subjects simultaneously in vari…
Research Design
A blueprint for conducting a study
Design Validity
Increases the probability that the study findings are an accu…
21 terms
Nursing 105 Chapter 8
chloescystectomy
cholecysitis
colectomy
colonoscopy
surgical excision of the gallbladder. With laparoscopic chole…
inflammation of the gallbladder
surgical excision of part of the colon
visual examination of the colon via a colonscope
chloescystectomy
surgical excision of the gallbladder. With laparoscopic chole…
cholecysitis
inflammation of the gallbladder
30 terms
Chapter 8 Nursing Theories
Watson
Benner
Nightingale
Henderson
Promoted the Human Caring Theory- Ten Caring Processes to cha…
Promoted Novice to Expert theory
Promoted Theory of a clean environment- Clean water, clean sh…
Promoted Theory dealing with the Basic Needs of People.
Watson
Promoted the Human Caring Theory- Ten Caring Processes to cha…
Benner
Promoted Novice to Expert theory
19 terms
Chapter 8: Overview of Genetics and Genomics in Nursing
Carrier
Chromosome
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Dominant
A person who is heterozygous; possessing two different allele…
Microscopic structures in the cell nucleus that contain genet…
The primary genetic material in humans consisting of nitrogen…
A genetic trait that is normally expressed when a person has…
Carrier
A person who is heterozygous; possessing two different allele…
Chromosome
Microscopic structures in the cell nucleus that contain genet…
66 terms
nursing concepts chapter 8
What has changed in the US to make hea…
integrated health care systems
managed care
What is the focal point of care now? I…
1) requirement that every citizen has health insurance ... 2) de…
organization health care deliver a continuum of care, provide…
system offering health care systems to a group fro a fixed fe…
managed care
What has changed in the US to make hea…
1) requirement that every citizen has health insurance ... 2) de…
integrated health care systems
organization health care deliver a continuum of care, provide…
11 terms
Chapter 8 Fund of Nursing
Clinical Decision Making
Clinical Inference
Critical Thinking
Decision Making
A problem-solving approach that nurses use to define patient…
Process of drawing conclusions from related pieces of evidenc…
The active, purposeful, organized, cognitive process used to…
Process involving critical appraisal of information that resu…
Clinical Decision Making
A problem-solving approach that nurses use to define patient…
Clinical Inference
Process of drawing conclusions from related pieces of evidenc…
Nursing Research Chapter 8
Bandura's theory
Roy's theory
Mishel's theory
Nola Pender's theory
Social Cognitive Theory- explanation of human behavior using…
Adaptation Model- humans viewed as biopsychosocial adaptive s…
Uncertainty in illness Theory- people develop subjective appr…
Health Promotion Model- explaining health promoting behaviors
Bandura's theory
Social Cognitive Theory- explanation of human behavior using…
Roy's theory
Adaptation Model- humans viewed as biopsychosocial adaptive s…
66 terms
Nursing 104: chapter 8
Accountability
Advance directives
Civil law
Common law
responsible for ones actions; a sense of duty in performing n…
written or verbal instructions crated by the patient describi…
category of law that deals with conduct considered unacceptab…
law that is created through a decision of judges as opposed t…
Accountability
responsible for ones actions; a sense of duty in performing n…
Advance directives
written or verbal instructions crated by the patient describi…
20 terms
Nursing Research Chapter 8
bias
constantcy
control
control group
distortion in data analysis results
data collection same for all subjects
measures used to hold uniform the conditions under which an i…
group in experimental investigation that does not receive int…
bias
distortion in data analysis results
constantcy
data collection same for all subjects
104 terms
Nursing 380 chapter 8
communicability
• Infectivity
Virulence
Pathogenicity
• Ability to spread from one individual to others and cause d…
Ability of pathogen to invade and multiply in the host • Invo…
• Capacity of a pathogen to cause severe disease; for example…
Ability of an agent to produce disease • Success depends on c…
communicability
• Ability to spread from one individual to others and cause d…
• Infectivity
Ability of pathogen to invade and multiply in the host • Invo…
8 terms
Chapter 8 nursing
What makes up a community?
Community
What 3 theories guide the nursing proc…
Developmental theory
1. Physical environment... 2. Education... 3. Public Safety... 4. Poli…
A specific group of people that often live in a defined geogr…
1. Systems theory... 2. Developmental theory... 3. Risk-factor theory
Refers to a variety of explanations of phases of human develo…
What makes up a community?
1. Physical environment... 2. Education... 3. Public Safety... 4. Poli…
Community
A specific group of people that often live in a defined geogr…
32 terms
Nursing 104- Chapter 8
What are some important factors that i…
important information about a populati…
means have to pay stockholders, they'r…
means they take their profit and reinv…
policies, economics, patients, government, education, provide…
demographics
for profit
not- for- profit
What are some important factors that i…
policies, economics, patients, government, education, provide…
important information about a populati…
demographics
27 terms
Chapter 8 basic nursing
Beliefs
Cultural diversity
Cultural sensitivity
Culture
Concepts that a person or group thinks are true
State in which a group has members from many different cultur…
Understanding and tolerating all cultures and lifestyles
Growing of microorganisms in specific media; the product of c…
Beliefs
Concepts that a person or group thinks are true
Cultural diversity
State in which a group has members from many different cultur…
6 terms
Chapter 8 - Nursing Process
How many steps to the nursing process
1.
2.
3.
5 steps
Assessment
Nursing diagnosis
Planning
How many steps to the nursing process
5 steps
1.
Assessment
21 terms
Nursing 210 Chapter 8
Physical growth and change
Gross Motor Skills
Fine Motor Skills
Brain Development
Growth is slower and steadier during the first two years of l…
Locomotor skills are well in place by age 5 and are expanded…
Also develop rapidly during middle childhood
Brain size peaks at age 10.5 for girls and 14.5 for boys
Physical growth and change
Growth is slower and steadier during the first two years of l…
Gross Motor Skills
Locomotor skills are well in place by age 5 and are expanded…
91 terms
Chapter 8 Nursing Microbiology
All Chemical Reactions and workings of…
What is Biosynthesis?
What happens in Catabolism?
What do Catalysts do?
Metabolism
Synthesis of cell molecules and structures
The bonds break of larger molecules to release energy
Speed up the rate of chemical reaction with out becoming part…
All Chemical Reactions and workings of…
Metabolism
What is Biosynthesis?
Synthesis of cell molecules and structures
15 terms
Chapter 8 Legal Aspects of Gerontological Nursing
consent
durable power of attorney
duty
injury
granting of permission to have an action taken or procedure p…
allows competent individuals to appoint someone to make decis…
a relationship between individuals in which one is responsibl…
physical or mental harm to another, or violation of a person'…
consent
granting of permission to have an action taken or procedure p…
durable power of attorney
allows competent individuals to appoint someone to make decis…
23 terms
Chapter 8 Nursing Fundamentals
ambulatory care
consumer
diagnosis-related group (DRG)
entitlement reform
health care settings located in areas that are convenient for…
the person who uses health care services (the patient)
classification of patients by major medical diagnosis for the…
proposed legislation making changes in entitlement benefits,…
ambulatory care
health care settings located in areas that are convenient for…
consumer
the person who uses health care services (the patient)
42 terms
Nursing 104: Chapter 8
accountability
advance directives
case law/ judgement law/ common law
civil law/ tort law
being responsible for one's actions; a sense of duty in perfo…
written or verbal instructions created by the patient describ…
laws created by judges
deals with conduct considered unacceptable. it is based on so…
accountability
being responsible for one's actions; a sense of duty in perfo…
advance directives
written or verbal instructions created by the patient describ…
30 terms
Maternity Nursing Chapter 8
Four P's of Labor
False Pelvis
True Pelvis
Gynecoid Pelvis
Passageway... Passenger... Powers... Psyche
Flared upper portion of the bony pelvis
The portion of the pelvis below the linea terminalis; the pas…
Most favorable pelvis for vaginal delivery
Four P's of Labor
Passageway... Passenger... Powers... Psyche
False Pelvis
Flared upper portion of the bony pelvis
22 terms
Nursing fundamentals chapter 8
Active listening
Advocate
Aphasia
Body language
Listening with great concentration and focused energy
Standing up for your patients rights; acting on the patients…
Difficulty expressing or understanding language
Nonverbal communication
Active listening
Listening with great concentration and focused energy
Advocate
Standing up for your patients rights; acting on the patients…
40 terms
Nursing 200 Chapter 8
Muscle
BMI
Eat a well balanced diet with a variet…
Have them help prepare the food
Fat turns into what during this age?
Lowest at this time of their life than any other time
The best way to ensure adequate nutrition and vitamins?
One major way to help children chose well? (Foods)
Muscle
Fat turns into what during this age?
BMI
Lowest at this time of their life than any other time
25 terms
Chapter 8 Nursing Fundamentals
ambulatory care
consumer
diagnosis-related group (DRG)
entitlement reform
health care settings located in areas that are convenient for…
the person who uses health care services (the patient)
classification of patients by major medical diagnosis for the…
proposed legislation making changes in entitlement benefits,…
ambulatory care
health care settings located in areas that are convenient for…
consumer
the person who uses health care services (the patient)
31 terms
Chapter 8 of nursing fundamentals
Cultural competency occurs when the nu…
it will build trust between the nurse…
knowledge of various cultural beliefs…
differences between groups of people i…
What is cultural competency?
what will providing care that is culturally competent do?
What is cultural awareness?
what is cultural diversity?
Cultural competency occurs when the nu…
What is cultural competency?
it will build trust between the nurse…
what will providing care that is culturally competent do?
40 terms
Nursing Research chapter 8
Inference
Scientific merit
Reliability
Trustworthiness
is a conclusion drawn from the study evidence, taking into ac…
Quantitative researchers use several criteria to assess the q…
refers to the accuracy and consistency of information obtaine…
in qualitative research encompasses several different dimensi…
Inference
is a conclusion drawn from the study evidence, taking into ac…
Scientific merit
Quantitative researchers use several criteria to assess the q…
138 terms
Nursing 100 Chapter 8
angi, vas, vascul
aort
arter, arteri
arteriol
vessel
aorta
artery
arteriole
angi, vas, vascul
vessel
aort
aorta
34 terms
Nursing Research Chapter 8
Research design
QUAL research design
Design characteristics
Study Purpose
A blueprint/detailed plan for conducting a study... Basis provid…
conceptualizing a problem to writing research questions & on…
maximize CONTROL over factors (incr. validity of findings)... Gu…
describe variables (descriptive)... examine relationships (corre…
Research design
A blueprint/detailed plan for conducting a study... Basis provid…
QUAL research design
conceptualizing a problem to writing research questions & on…
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