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Study sets matching "nursing electrolytes"

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Study sets matching "nursing electrolytes"

40 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing: Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalance
An older adult client is admitted with…
A client has a low serum potassium lev…
A client is being monitored for daily…
The nurse instructs an older adult cli…
Blood pressure decreases when changing positions. The client…
A dose of KCl 10 mEq given over 1 hour is appropriate for thi…
The nurse should educate the nursing assistant as to why obta…
High-ceiling (loop) diuretics are potassium-depleting drugs.…
An older adult client is admitted with…
Blood pressure decreases when changing positions. The client…
A client has a low serum potassium lev…
A dose of KCl 10 mEq given over 1 hour is appropriate for thi…
54 terms
KAPLAN NURSING ENTRANCE EXAM-ELECTROLYTES
what is an electrolyte
what is a buffer system
a decrease in blood ph is?
a increase in blood ph is?
Substance that dissolves in water and results in a solution t…
Buffer systems maintain a constant pH in blood.
acidosis
alkalosis
what is an electrolyte
Substance that dissolves in water and results in a solution t…
what is a buffer system
Buffer systems maintain a constant pH in blood.
111 terms
Nursing 1 - Fluid & Electrolytes-djc
What is fluid and electrolyte balance…
What is "fluid"?
Body fluids located outside the cell.
The concentration of dissolved particl…
The process of regulating the extracellular fluid volume, bod…
Fluid is water plus the substances dissolved and suspended in…
Extracellular Fluid.
Osmolality.
What is fluid and electrolyte balance…
The process of regulating the extracellular fluid volume, bod…
What is "fluid"?
Fluid is water plus the substances dissolved and suspended in…
69 terms
Nursing Exam 3- Nursing Process, Fluid and Electrolytes
objective data
subjective data
initial comprehensive
focused assessment
facts that can be proven. statistics
statements from the patient are an example of this
collection of comprehensive data such as physical, spiritual…
gathers data on specific complaints
objective data
facts that can be proven. statistics
subjective data
statements from the patient are an example of this
49 terms
Electrolytes Terms, Causes, Symptoms, and Nursing Interventions
Intracellular fluid
Extracellular fluid
Intravascular fluid
Interstitial fluid
fluid within body cells- 2/3 of total body water/fluids
fluids outside body cells- 1/3 of total body water/fluids
in blood and lymph vessels
fluid that surrounds the cells
Intracellular fluid
fluid within body cells- 2/3 of total body water/fluids
Extracellular fluid
fluids outside body cells- 1/3 of total body water/fluids
147 terms
Exam 1 - Fluid and Electrolytes (Nursing 2)
Fluid and electrolyte imbalances are m…
Hypovolemia:
Types of abnormal loss of fluid:
Those at risk for hypovolemia:
burns, heart failure, IV fluid replacement, diuretic therapy
abnormal loss of body fluids, inadequate intake, or plasma to…
nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, drainage
Geriatrics, pts with poor dietary habits
Fluid and electrolyte imbalances are m…
burns, heart failure, IV fluid replacement, diuretic therapy
Hypovolemia:
abnormal loss of body fluids, inadequate intake, or plasma to…
96 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing Fluids and Electrolytes Chapter 40
Magnesium Ranage
Nursing Responsibilities
Components
Fluid and Electrolyte Movement
1.3 - 2.5 mEq/L
- Recognize situations that may cause imbalances ... - Prevent i…
- Water ... - Distribution ... - ECF... - ICF... - Electrolytes ... - Non-El…
Osmosis ... Selective permeability... Diffusion ... Active transport…
Magnesium Ranage
1.3 - 2.5 mEq/L
Nursing Responsibilities
- Recognize situations that may cause imbalances ... - Prevent i…
38 terms
Nursing Lab Values and Electrolytes COPY
Red Blood Cell Count
Hemoglobin
Hematocrit
Platelets
4.5-6 (4-5-6)... - Actual count of red corpuscles
Average: 12-18 (Harlem Globetrotter tickets available for kid…
average: 36-54 (People from 36-54 are hypocrites)... The percent…
150-400k ... * Low: worry patient will bleed... * High: not clinica…
Red Blood Cell Count
4.5-6 (4-5-6)... - Actual count of red corpuscles
Hemoglobin
Average: 12-18 (Harlem Globetrotter tickets available for kid…
42 terms
Fluids and Electrolytes Nursing 302 Ohlone
When does Edema develop?
What does Aldosterone trigger?
Rapid weight gain is the best indicato…
What does ADH trigger?
When changes in normal hydrostatic pressure differences
Decreases Na, reabsorbs sodium and water from the urine back…
Fluid retention and/or fluid overload
Increase of Na, acts on the kidneys by making them more perme…
When does Edema develop?
When changes in normal hydrostatic pressure differences
What does Aldosterone trigger?
Decreases Na, reabsorbs sodium and water from the urine back…
26 terms
Exam 3: Nursing 1 Fluid & Electrolytes
Third space between the cells
The movement of water only through a s…
The free movement of particles across…
Movement of fluid through cell or bloo…
Interstitial
Osmosis
Diffusion
Filtration
Third space between the cells
Interstitial
The movement of water only through a s…
Osmosis
46 terms
Fluid and Electrolytes S/S Nursing 120
Hyponatremia < 135 mEq/L
Hypernatremia >145 mEq/L
Average Sodium (Na) Levels
Hypokalemia < 3.5 mEq/L
R/C - GI loss, vomitting, diahrrhea, NG suction, Renal loss,…
R/C- Excess Salt intake, Excess Aldosterone secretion, Diabet…
Between 135- 145 mEq/L
R/C - Use of K+ using diuretics, diarhea, vomiting, other GI…
Hyponatremia < 135 mEq/L
R/C - GI loss, vomitting, diahrrhea, NG suction, Renal loss,…
Hypernatremia >145 mEq/L
R/C- Excess Salt intake, Excess Aldosterone secretion, Diabet…
42 terms
Fluids and Electrolytes Nursing 302 Ohlone
When does Edema develop?
What does Aldosterone trigger?
Rapid weight gain is the best indicato…
What does ADH trigger?
When changes in normal hydrostatic pressure differences
Decreases Na, reabsorbs sodium and water from the urine back…
Fluid retention and/or fluid overload
Increase of Na, acts on the kidneys by making them more perme…
When does Edema develop?
When changes in normal hydrostatic pressure differences
What does Aldosterone trigger?
Decreases Na, reabsorbs sodium and water from the urine back…
Nursing 111 Module 8- Fluid and Electrolytes
Fluid Balance consists of
Fluid homeostasis is the dynamic inter…
Fluid intake
Laboratory Normal Values for Adults: O…
-Fluid intake... -Fluid distribution ... -Fluid output... ---Antidiure…
fluid intake and absorption, fluid distribution, and fluid ou…
Occurs orally through drinking but also through eating becaus…
280-300 mOsm/kg H20 (280-300 mmol/kg h20)
Fluid Balance consists of
-Fluid intake... -Fluid distribution ... -Fluid output... ---Antidiure…
Fluid homeostasis is the dynamic inter…
fluid intake and absorption, fluid distribution, and fluid ou…
51 terms
Fluid and Electrolyte Notes Nursing 122
ECF
ICF
Two Major Divisions of ECF
Intravascular fluid
extracellular fluid, fluid outside the cells. approx. 1/3 of…
intracellular fluid, inside the cells. Approx 2/3 of total bo…
Intravascular fluid... Interstitial fluid
the liquid portion of the blood (plasma)
ECF
extracellular fluid, fluid outside the cells. approx. 1/3 of…
ICF
intracellular fluid, inside the cells. Approx 2/3 of total bo…
53 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing Fluids and Electrolytes Chapter 40
Nursing Responsibilities
Components
Fluid and Electrolyte Movement
Regulating Fluid
Recognize situations that may cause imbalances ... Prevent imbal…
Water ... Distribution ... ECF... ICF... Electrolytes ... Non-Electrolytes
Osmosis ... Selective permeability... Diffusion ... Active transport…
Intake: regulated by thirst ... Outtake: Excessive losses and va…
Nursing Responsibilities
Recognize situations that may cause imbalances ... Prevent imbal…
Components
Water ... Distribution ... ECF... ICF... Electrolytes ... Non-Electrolytes
45 terms
Medical Surgical Nursing (fluid & electrolyte)
Diffusion
Facilitated Diffusion
Active transport
Osmosis
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration. Require…
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration without…
Process of which molecules move against concentration gradien…
Movement of water between two compartments by a membrane perm…
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration. Require…
Facilitated Diffusion
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration without…
59 terms
Nursing 2 Fluid/Electrolyte Imbalances
Top 3 S/S of Hyponatremia
Top 3 S/S of Hypokalemia
Top 3 S/S of Hypocalcemia
Top 3 S/S of Hypomagnesemia (calcium t…
CNS Irritability... Lethargy ... Seizures
Dysrhythmias... Soft, flabby muscles and reflexes... Parensthesia
Positive Chvostek/Trousseau signs... Tetany/Seizure... Parensthesia…
Increased deep tendon reflexes... Seizures and tremors... increased…
Top 3 S/S of Hyponatremia
CNS Irritability... Lethargy ... Seizures
Top 3 S/S of Hypokalemia
Dysrhythmias... Soft, flabby muscles and reflexes... Parensthesia
92 terms
Nursing 1 Fluid & Electrolyte- Part 2
_____ are elements or compounds that w…
too much hydrogen ions in the blood ca…
3 major electrolytes are:
Electrolytes are active chemicals that…
Electrolytes
Decrease
Sodium (NA+)... Potassium (K+)... Calcium (CA++)
Dissolved in water
_____ are elements or compounds that w…
Electrolytes
too much hydrogen ions in the blood ca…
Decrease
17 terms
ELECTROLYTE VALUES - Nursing 303 RWC - Medical Surgical Nursing
HYPERphosphatemia
Normal Magnesium (Mg) Serum Levels
HYPERkalemia
HYPERchloremia
>4.5 mg/dL , concomitant w/ HYPOcalcemia. ... Main causes - Rena…
1.3 to 2.3 mg/dl
>5.0 mEq/L... Main causes - Impaired renal fx, hypoaldosteronism…
>107 mEq/L... Main causes - head injury, resp. alkalosis, met. a…
HYPERphosphatemia
>4.5 mg/dL , concomitant w/ HYPOcalcemia. ... Main causes - Rena…
Normal Magnesium (Mg) Serum Levels
1.3 to 2.3 mg/dl
33 terms
Electrolyte Imbalances, Exam 2, Nursing
Electrolyte Imbalance
Sodium
Na electrolyte imbalance
Hyponatremia
-serum electrolyte value provides information about concentra…
-Normal range is 136-145mEq/L... -maintains osmolality of ECF... -s…
Hypernatremia... -serum sodium levels>145 mEq/L... -critical values…
-Na <135... -results in decreased nerve transmission and in cell…
Electrolyte Imbalance
-serum electrolyte value provides information about concentra…
Sodium
-Normal range is 136-145mEq/L... -maintains osmolality of ECF... -s…
8 terms
Nursing Electrolyte Imbalance: Signs & Symptoms
Hypokalemia
Hyperkalemia
Hyponatremia
Hypernatremia
muscle weakness... hypotension, headache... dizzy... myocardial irrita…
bradycardia, systole... muscle weakness... confusion,... P wave flat,…
hypotension, headache... tachycardia... lethargy... seizures... N/V, dry…
hypertension... rales... tachycardia... oliguria... lethargy, irritabilit…
Hypokalemia
muscle weakness... hypotension, headache... dizzy... myocardial irrita…
Hyperkalemia
bradycardia, systole... muscle weakness... confusion,... P wave flat,…
58 terms
1600 Nursing Exam 2: Fluid & Electrolytes
Homeostasis
Fluid Balance
Fluid Compartments
Intracellular: ICF
Maintain fluid volume and composition, what we take in; take…
Water and electrolytes create a fluid balance. This balance i…
Body fluid moves between 2 compartments to maintain homeostas…
Fluid found inside the cells. Holds the most fluid: 2/3. ... - S…
Homeostasis
Maintain fluid volume and composition, what we take in; take…
Fluid Balance
Water and electrolytes create a fluid balance. This balance i…
110 terms
nursing 308 fluid/electrolyte imbalance
homeostasis
water makes up
OA & infants have
1 lbs of water
state of equilibrium in internal environment of body naturall…
50-60% of body weight... men have > water % than women... 1 L of wa…
45-55% water weight... infants= 70-80% water weight
500 mL
homeostasis
state of equilibrium in internal environment of body naturall…
water makes up
50-60% of body weight... men have > water % than women... 1 L of wa…
23 terms
Nursing 200L Electrolyte and Acid-Balance
Body fluid is made up of
Body Fluid Compartments
Movement of Fluids and Electrolytes
Fluid Intake
Water is the primary body fluid, water content varies with ag…
Intracellular: Within the cell. Extracellular: Interstitial,…
Osmosis, Diffusion, Filtration, Active Transport
Primarily through drinking fluids, IOM recommendation: 2700 m…
Body fluid is made up of
Water is the primary body fluid, water content varies with ag…
Body Fluid Compartments
Intracellular: Within the cell. Extracellular: Interstitial,…
15 terms
Electrolyte Imbalances/Nursing Ethics Terms
Hyponatremia
Hypernatremia
Hypokalemia
Hyperkalemia
Caused from Net gain of water or loss of sodium rich fluids.…
Increased sodium causes hypertonicity of the serum. This caus…
Increased loss of K from the body or movement of K into the c…
Result of an increased intake of K, movement of K out of the…
Hyponatremia
Caused from Net gain of water or loss of sodium rich fluids.…
Hypernatremia
Increased sodium causes hypertonicity of the serum. This caus…
Medical Surgical Nursing (fluid & electrolyte)
Diffusion
Facilitated Diffusion
Active transport
Osmosis
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration. Require…
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration without…
Process of which molecules move against concentration gradien…
Movement of water between two compartments by a membrane perm…
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration. Require…
Facilitated Diffusion
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration without…
110 terms
nursing 308 fluid/electrolyte imbalance
homeostasis
water makes up
OA & infants have
1 lbs of water
state of equilibrium in internal environment of body naturall…
50-60% of body weight... men have > water % than women... 1 L of wa…
45-55% water weight... infants= 70-80% water weight
500 mL
homeostasis
state of equilibrium in internal environment of body naturall…
water makes up
50-60% of body weight... men have > water % than women... 1 L of wa…
28 terms
Quiz 5 Suffixes and Electrolytes, Mercy School of Nursing
Solute
Solvent
Crystalloids
Colloids
The substances dissolved in a liquid. Sugar is the solute in…
The component of a solution that can dissolve a solute. Coffe…
Salts that dissolve readily into true solutions
Substances such as large protein molecules that do not readil…
Solute
The substances dissolved in a liquid. Sugar is the solute in…
Solvent
The component of a solution that can dissolve a solute. Coffe…
41 terms
Nursing: Maintaining Fluid and Electrolyte Balance
what is important about maintaining fl…
What are electrolytes?
4 characteristics of balanced fluids
sodium-
maintaining homeostasis
ionized substances that perform their functions within a flui…
1. h2o/lytes in proper proportion (30 % in extracellular flui…
normal- 135-145 mEg/L... -lives outside the cell... -where the sodi…
what is important about maintaining fl…
maintaining homeostasis
What are electrolytes?
ionized substances that perform their functions within a flui…
47 terms
NURSING FLUIDS AND ELECTROLYTES MOTLOW STATE COMMUNITY COLLEGE
RENAL... HYPERMAGNESMIA
HYPERMAGNESMIA
NORMAL MAGNESM
HYPERMAGNESMIA THINK
R EFLEXES DECREASED... E KG CHANGES... N AUSEA / VOMITING... A PPEARAN…
> 2.5
1.5-2.5
DEEP TENDON REFLEXES... BRADYCARDIA
RENAL... HYPERMAGNESMIA
R EFLEXES DECREASED... E KG CHANGES... N AUSEA / VOMITING... A PPEARAN…
HYPERMAGNESMIA
> 2.5
Electrolyte and IV - SAU nursing Fundamentals
Thirst mechanism
Osmoreceptor
Body fluids
ECF
Trigger by:... -an increase in plasma osmalarity... - a decrease in…
- Thirst center primarily found in the hypothalamus... - Detects…
Function: ... - maintain blood pressure... - regulate body temperat…
Division of Body fluid that makes up 30% of total fluids. ... -…
Thirst mechanism
Trigger by:... -an increase in plasma osmalarity... - a decrease in…
Osmoreceptor
- Thirst center primarily found in the hypothalamus... - Detects…
35 terms
Nursing Theory: Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalance
Sodium levels
Potassium levels
Calcium
Signs of shock
135-145
3.5-5.0
8.5-10.5
increase pulse and hypotension
Sodium levels
135-145
Potassium levels
3.5-5.0
8 terms
Nursing Electrolyte Imbalance: Signs & Symptoms
Hypokalemia
Hyperkalemia
Hyponatremia
Hypernatremia
muscle weakness... hypotension, headache... dizzy... myocardial irrita…
bradycardia, systole... muscle weakness... confusion,... P wave flat,…
hypotension, headache... tachycardia... lethargy... seizures... N/V, dry…
hypertension... rales... tachycardia... oliguria... lethargy, irritabilit…
Hypokalemia
muscle weakness... hypotension, headache... dizzy... myocardial irrita…
Hyperkalemia
bradycardia, systole... muscle weakness... confusion,... P wave flat,…
6 terms
Medical Surgical Nursing-Fluid and Electrolytes (Electrolyte Reference Ranges)
Sodium (Na+) Reference Range
Potassium (K+) Reference Range
Calcium (Ca2+) Reference Range
Chloride (Cl-) Reference Range
136-145 mEq/L
3.5-5 mEq/L
9-10.5 mEq/L
98-106 mEq/L
Sodium (Na+) Reference Range
136-145 mEq/L
Potassium (K+) Reference Range
3.5-5 mEq/L
26 terms
Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalances- Nursing Implications
dehydration
dehydration
dehydration
fluid overload
orthostatic hypotension, neck and hand veins not distended, i…
labs: elevated H&H, serum osmolality, serum sodium, and BUN
patients safety, fluid replacement, drugs to restore fluid ba…
what needs to be monitored for in dehydrated patients receivi…
dehydration
orthostatic hypotension, neck and hand veins not distended, i…
dehydration
labs: elevated H&H, serum osmolality, serum sodium, and BUN
Nurse 106 Fluids Electrolytes and Pharmacology
Fluid Balance
Functions of body fluids in the body
Factors that affect fluid volume
Older adults are at increased risk for…
The relationship between water/fluids, fluid compartments, mo…
1 - Carries nutrients to the body cells, waste products away…
Age: Adults 50-60%... Infants 70-80%... Premature 90%... elderly 45-55…
Fat replaces lean muscle as aging progresses, leading to a de…
Fluid Balance
The relationship between water/fluids, fluid compartments, mo…
Functions of body fluids in the body
1 - Carries nutrients to the body cells, waste products away…
Nursing Implications for Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalances
Assess fluid balance
Assess neurologic status
Evaluate motor and sensory function
Monitor Vital Signs
Daily weight, intake and output, urine specific gravity
changes in LOC
Deep tendon reflexes
BP, P, and R, affected by Na, K, Mg
Assess fluid balance
Daily weight, intake and output, urine specific gravity
Assess neurologic status
changes in LOC
48 terms
Quiz 5 Suffixes and Electrolytes, Mercy School of Nursing
-algia
-centesis
-ectomy
-emia
pain
puncture, tap
excision
blood
-algia
pain
-centesis
puncture, tap
38 terms
Nursing 105: Module A - Fluid & Electrolytes
Sodium (Na) Range
Potassium (K) RANGE
Calcium (Ca) Range
Chloride (Cl) Range
136-145 mEq/l
3.5-5.0 mEq/l
9.0-10.5 mEq/l
98-106 mEq/l
Sodium (Na) Range
136-145 mEq/l
Potassium (K) RANGE
3.5-5.0 mEq/l
144 terms
Fundamentals of nursing Ch:33 Fluid and Electrolytes
Intracellular
Intravascular fluid
Interstitial fluid
Solute
Within cell
Within blood vessels
between cells... fluid that surrounds cells
Substance dissolved in a solution
Intracellular
Within cell
Intravascular fluid
Within blood vessels
60 terms
Medical/Surgical Nursing- Fluid & Electrolytes, ABGs
Osmosis
Diffusion
Filtration
0.9
The movement of water from an area of lower concentration to…
A process in which the substance moves from an area of higher…
The movement of both water and smaller molecules through a se…
What is the osmolarity of normal saline often used for IV flu…
Osmosis
The movement of water from an area of lower concentration to…
Diffusion
A process in which the substance moves from an area of higher…
70 terms
Basic Nursing Chapter 17 Fluid and electrolytes balance
Feedback
Negative
Positive
1.) Labor 2.)Blood Clotting 3.) Artial…
Relying of data of information about a given condition to the…
feedback to restore homeostasis
Stimuli is continued
What are 3 examples of POSITIVE Feedback?
Feedback
Relying of data of information about a given condition to the…
Negative
feedback to restore homeostasis
74 terms
Nursing Fundamentals Chapter 41: Fluids and Electrolytes
Average fluid intake of healthy indivi…
Fluids are ___-____% of body weight
Routes of fluid intake are:
Osmosis
2300ml/day but varies
50-60%
IV, rectal and irrigation
water moves across the cell membrane which separates fluids o…
Average fluid intake of healthy indivi…
2300ml/day but varies
Fluids are ___-____% of body weight
50-60%
25 terms
Nursing 310 - Exam Four - Fluid and Electrolytes
Purpose of fluids
Assessment of fluids
Type of isotonic solution
Type of Hypotonic solution
solvent, thermometer, cell cleaner, eliminator, and a lubricant
daily weights, vital signs, intake and output, and urine amou…
D5W
1/2 normal saline
Purpose of fluids
solvent, thermometer, cell cleaner, eliminator, and a lubricant
Assessment of fluids
daily weights, vital signs, intake and output, and urine amou…
48 terms
Quiz 5 Suffixes and Electrolytes, Mercy School of Nursing
-algia
-centesis
-ectomy
-emia
pain
puncture, tap
excision
blood
-algia
pain
-centesis
puncture, tap
68 terms
Nursing 2: Ch. 12 Fluid, electrolytes, & ABGs
Preventative measures for hypovolemia
Risk factors for hypovolemia
Causes for dehydration
S&S of hypovolemia
Increase fluid intake c vigorous exercise... Promote hydration i…
Abnormal GI losses: vomiting, NG, diarrhea... Abnormal skin loss…
Hyperventilation... Diabetic ketoacidosis... Enteral feeding withou…
VS: hyperthermia, tachycardia, thready pulse, hypotension, or…
Preventative measures for hypovolemia
Increase fluid intake c vigorous exercise... Promote hydration i…
Risk factors for hypovolemia
Abnormal GI losses: vomiting, NG, diarrhea... Abnormal skin loss…
30 terms
nutrition- nursing care for electrolyte imbalances
what type of solution will be given if…
if someone can eat and has hyponatremi…
corrections for hypernatremia should t…
what would you give to treat hypernatr…
hypertonic solution with diuretic (assess status)
increasing sodium intake
cerebral edema
water or a hypotonic solution (helps to dilute sodium concent…
what type of solution will be given if…
hypertonic solution with diuretic (assess status)
if someone can eat and has hyponatremi…
increasing sodium intake
54 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing Test 5 Electrolytes (for matching)
Hyponatremia
Hypernatremia
Causes of hyopnatremia
Kidney diseases, burns, excessive pers…
Low Sodium
High Sodium
GI losses: vomiting, diarrhea
Causes of hyponatremia
Hyponatremia
Low Sodium
Hypernatremia
High Sodium
86 terms
Foundations of Nursing/Fluid, Electrolyte, & Acid Base Balance
Water Serves as 4 Functions
Males have approximately ____% of Wate…
Females have approximately ____% of Wa…
Infants and the elderly more easily af…
- Transports substances to and from the cells... - Aids in heat…
60%
50%
Fluid Balance
Water Serves as 4 Functions
- Transports substances to and from the cells... - Aids in heat…
Males have approximately ____% of Wate…
60%
36 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing: Lab Sheet Quiz 1 (Electrolytes)
Glucose
Indication for Glucose
Normal Value of Glucose
Critical Value of Glucose
provides energy, controlled by insulin and glucagon, made in…
measurement of blood glucose levels in diabetics (serum gluco…
70-110 mg/dL
male: <50 or >450 mg/dL... female: <40 or >450 mg/dL
Glucose
provides energy, controlled by insulin and glucagon, made in…
Indication for Glucose
measurement of blood glucose levels in diabetics (serum gluco…
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