Study sets matching "nursing electrolytes"

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Study sets matching "nursing electrolytes"

Fluid & Electrolytes Med-Surg Nursing
Intracellular Fluid
Extracellular Fluid
Composes 50 -60% of human body
Explain Homeostasis
Fluid within cell. Most of body's fluids are found within the…
Found in the blood vessels in the form of plasma or serum. In…
Water
a tendency to equilibrium or stability in the normal physiolo…
Intracellular Fluid
Fluid within cell. Most of body's fluids are found within the…
Extracellular Fluid
Found in the blood vessels in the form of plasma or serum. In…
73 terms
Fluid & Electrolytes Med-Surg Nursing
Intracellular Fluid
Extracellular Fluid
Composes 50 -60% of human body
Explain Homeostasis
Fluid within cell. Most of body's fluids are found within the…
Found in the blood vessels in the form of plasma or serum. In…
Water
a tendency to equilibrium or stability in the normal physiolo…
Intracellular Fluid
Fluid within cell. Most of body's fluids are found within the…
Extracellular Fluid
Found in the blood vessels in the form of plasma or serum. In…
Nutrition and electrolytes basic nursing 2016
Water
10-35%
4cal
Poultry, meat, fish, eggs, beans,lenti…
Most basic nutritional need?
Protein daily intake should be?
Each gram of protein contains how many cal?
Sources of protein?
Water
Most basic nutritional need?
10-35%
Protein daily intake should be?
Fluid and Electrolytes Exam 2 Nursing 2
Intracellular fluid
Extracellular fluid
Interstitial fluid
Intravascular fluid (plasma)
Fluid that is inside the cell.... Makes up 70% of body water.
Fluid that is outside of the cell and is found in 3 compartme…
An extracellular fluid that is between cells and the tissue (…
An extracellular fluid that is within the blood vessels.
Intracellular fluid
Fluid that is inside the cell.... Makes up 70% of body water.
Extracellular fluid
Fluid that is outside of the cell and is found in 3 compartme…
143 terms
Nursing 341: Acid, Base & Electrolytes
Acid
Base
pH Range
Origin of Acid
substance that RELEASES H+ ion when dissolved in water
substance that BINDS H+ ion when dissolved in water
7.35-7.45
Ingestion: aspirin, iron, paraldehyde... Loss: vomiting
Acid
substance that RELEASES H+ ion when dissolved in water
Base
substance that BINDS H+ ion when dissolved in water
45 terms
KBCC Nursing 21: Fluid and Electrolytes
Isotonic Solutions
Normal Saline (0.9%)
Ringers Lactate
D5W
This type of fluid has a concentration of dissolved particles…
An Isotonic Solution
An Isotonic Solution. This can burn when administered.
An Isotonic Solution.
Isotonic Solutions
This type of fluid has a concentration of dissolved particles…
Normal Saline (0.9%)
An Isotonic Solution
54 terms
KAPLAN NURSING ENTRANCE EXAM-ELECTROLYTES
what is an electrolyte
what is a buffer system
a decrease in blood ph is?
a increase in blood ph is?
Substance that dissolves in water and results in a solution t…
Buffer systems maintain a constant pH in blood.
acidosis
alkalosis
what is an electrolyte
Substance that dissolves in water and results in a solution t…
what is a buffer system
Buffer systems maintain a constant pH in blood.
Fluid and Electrolytes S/S Nursing 120
Hyponatremia < 135 mEq/L
Hypernatremia >145 mEq/L
Average Sodium (Na) Levels
Hypokalemia < 3.5 mEq/L
R/C - GI loss, vomitting, diahrrhea, NG suction, Renal loss,…
R/C- Excess Salt intake, Excess Aldosterone secretion, Diabet…
Between 135- 145 mEq/L
R/C - Use of K+ using diuretics, diarhea, vomiting, other GI…
Hyponatremia < 135 mEq/L
R/C - GI loss, vomitting, diahrrhea, NG suction, Renal loss,…
Hypernatremia >145 mEq/L
R/C- Excess Salt intake, Excess Aldosterone secretion, Diabet…
KAPLAN NURSING ENTRANCE EXAM-ELECTROLYTES
what is an electrolyte
what is a buffer system
a decrease in blood ph is?
a increase in blood ph is?
Substance that dissolves in water and results in a solution t…
Buffer systems maintain a constant pH in blood.
acidosis
alkalosis
what is an electrolyte
Substance that dissolves in water and results in a solution t…
what is a buffer system
Buffer systems maintain a constant pH in blood.
11 terms
nurse 3801 electrolyte imbalance
hypernatremia
hyponatremia
clinical dehydration
sodium plays a major role in . . .
high levels of Na in blood, leading to high levels of H2O in…
low levels of Nain blood, leading to low levels of H2O in blo…
1. Fluid volume deficit (ECV deficit)... 2. hypernatremia
- ECF volume... - muscle contraction... - nerve impulses... - pH balance
hypernatremia
high levels of Na in blood, leading to high levels of H2O in…
hyponatremia
low levels of Nain blood, leading to low levels of H2O in blo…
58 terms
1600 Nursing Exam 2: Fluid & Electrolytes
Homeostasis
Fluid Balance
Fluid Compartments
Intracellular: ICF
Maintain fluid volume and composition, what we take in; take…
Water and electrolytes create a fluid balance. This balance i…
Body fluid moves between 2 compartments to maintain homeostas…
Fluid found inside the cells. Holds the most fluid: 2/3. ... - S…
Homeostasis
Maintain fluid volume and composition, what we take in; take…
Fluid Balance
Water and electrolytes create a fluid balance. This balance i…
Nursing Exam 3- Nursing Process, Fluid and Electrolytes
objective data
subjective data
initial comprehensive
focused assessment
facts that can be proven. statistics
statements from the patient are an example of this
collection of comprehensive data such as physical, spiritual…
gathers data on specific complaints
objective data
facts that can be proven. statistics
subjective data
statements from the patient are an example of this
111 terms
Nursing 1 - Fluid & Electrolytes-djc
What is fluid and electrolyte balance…
What is "fluid"?
Body fluids located outside the cell.
The concentration of dissolved particl…
The process of regulating the extracellular fluid volume, bod…
Fluid is water plus the substances dissolved and suspended in…
Extracellular Fluid.
Osmolality.
What is fluid and electrolyte balance…
The process of regulating the extracellular fluid volume, bod…
What is "fluid"?
Fluid is water plus the substances dissolved and suspended in…
Fundamentals of Nursing: Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalance
An older adult client is admitted with…
A client has a low serum potassium lev…
A client is being monitored for daily…
The nurse instructs an older adult cli…
Blood pressure decreases when changing positions. The client…
A dose of KCl 10 mEq given over 1 hour is appropriate for thi…
The nurse should educate the nursing assistant as to why obta…
High-ceiling (loop) diuretics are potassium-depleting drugs.…
An older adult client is admitted with…
Blood pressure decreases when changing positions. The client…
A client has a low serum potassium lev…
A dose of KCl 10 mEq given over 1 hour is appropriate for thi…
38 terms
Nursing Lab Values and Electrolytes COPY
Red Blood Cell Count
Hemoglobin
Hematocrit
Platelets
4.5-6 (4-5-6)... - Actual count of red corpuscles
Average: 12-18 (Harlem Globetrotter tickets available for kid…
average: 36-54 (People from 36-54 are hypocrites)... The percent…
150-400k ... * Low: worry patient will bleed... * High: not clinica…
Red Blood Cell Count
4.5-6 (4-5-6)... - Actual count of red corpuscles
Hemoglobin
Average: 12-18 (Harlem Globetrotter tickets available for kid…
28 terms
Quiz 5 Suffixes and Electrolytes, Mercy School of Nursing
Solute
Solvent
Crystalloids
Colloids
The substances dissolved in a liquid. Sugar is the solute in…
The component of a solution that can dissolve a solute. Coffe…
Salts that dissolve readily into true solutions
Substances such as large protein molecules that do not readil…
Solute
The substances dissolved in a liquid. Sugar is the solute in…
Solvent
The component of a solution that can dissolve a solute. Coffe…
73 terms
Fluid & Electrolytes Med-Surg Nursing
Intracellular Fluid
Extracellular Fluid
Composes 50 -60% of human body
Explain Homeostasis
Fluid within cell. Most of body's fluids are found within the…
Found in the blood vessels in the form of plasma or serum. In…
Water
a tendency to equilibrium or stability in the normal physiolo…
Intracellular Fluid
Fluid within cell. Most of body's fluids are found within the…
Extracellular Fluid
Found in the blood vessels in the form of plasma or serum. In…
42 terms
Fluids and Electrolytes Nursing 302 Ohlone
When does Edema develop?
What does Aldosterone trigger?
Rapid weight gain is the best indicato…
What does ADH trigger?
When changes in normal hydrostatic pressure differences
Decreases Na, reabsorbs sodium and water from the urine back…
Fluid retention and/or fluid overload
Increase of Na, acts on the kidneys by making them more perme…
When does Edema develop?
When changes in normal hydrostatic pressure differences
What does Aldosterone trigger?
Decreases Na, reabsorbs sodium and water from the urine back…
42 terms
Fluids and Electrolytes Nursing 302 Ohlone
When does Edema develop?
What does Aldosterone trigger?
Rapid weight gain is the best indicato…
What does ADH trigger?
When changes in normal hydrostatic pressure differences
Decreases Na, reabsorbs sodium and water from the urine back…
Fluid retention and/or fluid overload
Increase of Na, acts on the kidneys by making them more perme…
When does Edema develop?
When changes in normal hydrostatic pressure differences
What does Aldosterone trigger?
Decreases Na, reabsorbs sodium and water from the urine back…
NURSING FLUIDS AND ELECTROLYTES MOTLOW STATE COMMUNITY COLLEGE
RENAL... HYPERMAGNESMIA
HYPERMAGNESMIA
NORMAL MAGNESM
HYPERMAGNESMIA THINK
R EFLEXES DECREASED... E KG CHANGES... N AUSEA / VOMITING... A PPEARAN…
> 2.5
1.5-2.5
DEEP TENDON REFLEXES... BRADYCARDIA
RENAL... HYPERMAGNESMIA
R EFLEXES DECREASED... E KG CHANGES... N AUSEA / VOMITING... A PPEARAN…
HYPERMAGNESMIA
> 2.5
Medical Surgical Nursing-Fluid and Electrolytes (Electrolyte Reference Ranges)
Sodium (Na+) Reference Range
Potassium (K+) Reference Range
Calcium (Ca2+) Reference Range
Chloride (Cl-) Reference Range
136-145 mEq/L
3.5-5 mEq/L
9-10.5 mEq/L
98-106 mEq/L
Sodium (Na+) Reference Range
136-145 mEq/L
Potassium (K+) Reference Range
3.5-5 mEq/L
Nursing 111 Module 8- Fluid and Electrolytes
Fluid Balance consists of
Fluid homeostasis is the dynamic inter…
Fluid intake
Laboratory Normal Values for Adults: O…
-Fluid intake... -Fluid distribution ... -Fluid output... ---Antidiure…
fluid intake and absorption, fluid distribution, and fluid ou…
Occurs orally through drinking but also through eating becaus…
280-300 mOsm/kg H20 (280-300 mmol/kg h20)
Fluid Balance consists of
-Fluid intake... -Fluid distribution ... -Fluid output... ---Antidiure…
Fluid homeostasis is the dynamic inter…
fluid intake and absorption, fluid distribution, and fluid ou…
45 terms
Medical Surgical Nursing (fluid & electrolyte)
Diffusion
Facilitated Diffusion
Active transport
Osmosis
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration. Require…
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration without…
Process of which molecules move against concentration gradien…
Movement of water between two compartments by a membrane perm…
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration. Require…
Facilitated Diffusion
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration without…
23 terms
Vitamins, Minerals and Electrolytes for nursing program
Ascorbic acid/vitamin C
Thiamin/b1
Riboflavin/b2
Niacin/b3
Aids in tissue building and metabloic reactions(wound and fra…
Necessary for proper digestion, peristalsis and providing ene…
Required for growth and tissue healing ... Deficiency results in…
Aids in metabolism of fats, glucose and alcohol... Deficiency ca…
Ascorbic acid/vitamin C
Aids in tissue building and metabloic reactions(wound and fra…
Thiamin/b1
Necessary for proper digestion, peristalsis and providing ene…
Nursing 104: Fluid balance & electrolytes
Can be broken up and conducts electric…
A non-electrolyte gets dissolved
Solute dissolves a solvent.
Transports nutrients, hormones, blood…
What is an electrolyte?
How does an electrolyte differ from a non-electrolyte?
What is solute/solvent?
Why do we need water?
Can be broken up and conducts electric…
What is an electrolyte?
A non-electrolyte gets dissolved
How does an electrolyte differ from a non-electrolyte?
33 terms
Electrolyte Imbalances, Exam 2, Nursing
Electrolyte Imbalance
Sodium
Na electrolyte imbalance
Hyponatremia
-serum electrolyte value provides information about concentra…
-Normal range is 136-145mEq/L... -maintains osmolality of ECF... -s…
Hypernatremia... -serum sodium levels>145 mEq/L... -critical values…
-Na <135... -results in decreased nerve transmission and in cell…
Electrolyte Imbalance
-serum electrolyte value provides information about concentra…
Sodium
-Normal range is 136-145mEq/L... -maintains osmolality of ECF... -s…
48 terms
Quiz 5 Suffixes and Electrolytes, Mercy School of Nursing
-algia
-centesis
-ectomy
-emia
pain
puncture, tap
excision
blood
-algia
pain
-centesis
puncture, tap
17 terms
ELECTROLYTE VALUES - Nursing 303 RWC - Medical Surgical Nursing
HYPERphosphatemia
Normal Magnesium (Mg) Serum Levels
HYPERkalemia
HYPERchloremia
>4.5 mg/dL , concomitant w/ HYPOcalcemia. ... Main causes - Rena…
1.3 to 2.3 mg/dl
>5.0 mEq/L... Main causes - Impaired renal fx, hypoaldosteronism…
>107 mEq/L... Main causes - head injury, resp. alkalosis, met. a…
HYPERphosphatemia
>4.5 mg/dL , concomitant w/ HYPOcalcemia. ... Main causes - Rena…
Normal Magnesium (Mg) Serum Levels
1.3 to 2.3 mg/dl
Nursing Electrolyte Imbalance: Signs & Symptoms
Hypokalemia
Hyperkalemia
Hyponatremia
Hypernatremia
muscle weakness... hypotension, headache... dizzy... myocardial irrita…
bradycardia, systole... muscle weakness... confusion,... P wave flat,…
hypotension, headache... tachycardia... lethargy... seizures... N/V, dry…
hypertension... rales... tachycardia... oliguria... lethargy, irritabilit…
Hypokalemia
muscle weakness... hypotension, headache... dizzy... myocardial irrita…
Hyperkalemia
bradycardia, systole... muscle weakness... confusion,... P wave flat,…
68 terms
Nursing 2: Ch. 12 Fluid, electrolytes, & ABGs
Preventative measures for hypovolemia
Risk factors for hypovolemia
Causes for dehydration
S&S of hypovolemia
Increase fluid intake c vigorous exercise... Promote hydration i…
Abnormal GI losses: vomiting, NG, diarrhea... Abnormal skin loss…
Hyperventilation... Diabetic ketoacidosis... Enteral feeding withou…
VS: hyperthermia, tachycardia, thready pulse, hypotension, or…
Preventative measures for hypovolemia
Increase fluid intake c vigorous exercise... Promote hydration i…
Risk factors for hypovolemia
Abnormal GI losses: vomiting, NG, diarrhea... Abnormal skin loss…
Nursing 110 exam electrolytes and fluids
electrolytes
Cations
Anions
Intracellular fluid (ICF)
dissolved ions, particles that carry electrical charges
Positively charged... Examples include sodium (Na+), potassium (…
Negatively charged... Examples include chloride (Cl−), bicarbona…
Found within cells... Approximately two thirds of total body flu…
electrolytes
dissolved ions, particles that carry electrical charges
Cations
Positively charged... Examples include sodium (Na+), potassium (…
Nursing 310 - Exam Four - Fluid and Electrolytes
Purpose of fluids
Assessment of fluids
Type of isotonic solution
Type of Hypotonic solution
solvent, thermometer, cell cleaner, eliminator, and a lubricant
daily weights, vital signs, intake and output, and urine amou…
D5W
1/2 normal saline
Purpose of fluids
solvent, thermometer, cell cleaner, eliminator, and a lubricant
Assessment of fluids
daily weights, vital signs, intake and output, and urine amou…
92 terms
Nursing 1 Fluid & Electrolyte- Part 2
_____ are elements or compounds that w…
too much hydrogen ions in the blood ca…
3 major electrolytes are:
Electrolytes are active chemicals that…
Electrolytes
Decrease
Sodium (NA+)... Potassium (K+)... Calcium (CA++)
Dissolved in water
_____ are elements or compounds that w…
Electrolytes
too much hydrogen ions in the blood ca…
Decrease
38 terms
Nursing 105: Module A - Fluid & Electrolytes
Sodium (Na) Range
Potassium (K) RANGE
Calcium (Ca) Range
Chloride (Cl) Range
136-145
3.5-5.0
9.0-10.5
98-106
Sodium (Na) Range
136-145
Potassium (K) RANGE
3.5-5.0
15 terms
Electrolyte Imbalances/Nursing Ethics Terms
Hyponatremia
Hypernatremia
Hypokalemia
Hyperkalemia
Caused from Net gain of water or loss of sodium rich fluids.…
Increased sodium causes hypertonicity of the serum. This caus…
Increased loss of K from the body or movement of K into the c…
Result of an increased intake of K, movement of K out of the…
Hyponatremia
Caused from Net gain of water or loss of sodium rich fluids.…
Hypernatremia
Increased sodium causes hypertonicity of the serum. This caus…
144 terms
Fundamentals of nursing Ch:33 Fluid and Electrolytes
Intracellular
Intravascular fluid
Interstitial fluid
Solute
Within cell
Within blood vessels
between cells... fluid that surrounds cells
Substance dissolved in a solution
Intracellular
Within cell
Intravascular fluid
Within blood vessels
nursing 308 fluid/electrolyte imbalance
homeostasis
water makes up
OA & infants have
1 lbs of water
state of equilibrium in internal environment of body naturall…
50-60% of body weight... men have > water % than women... 1 L of wa…
45-55% water weight... infants= 70-80% water weight
500 mL
homeostasis
state of equilibrium in internal environment of body naturall…
water makes up
50-60% of body weight... men have > water % than women... 1 L of wa…
41 terms
Nursing: Maintaining Fluid and Electrolyte Balance
what is important about maintaining fl…
What are electrolytes?
4 characteristics of balanced fluids
sodium-
maintaining homeostasis
ionized substances that perform their functions within a flui…
1. h2o/lytes in proper proportion (30 % in extracellular flui…
normal- 135-145 mEg/L... -lives outside the cell... -where the sodi…
what is important about maintaining fl…
maintaining homeostasis
What are electrolytes?
ionized substances that perform their functions within a flui…
60 terms
Medical/Surgical Nursing- Fluid & Electrolytes, ABGs
Osmosis
Diffusion
Filtration
0.9
The movement of water from an area of lower concentration to…
A process in which the substance moves from an area of higher…
The movement of both water and smaller molecules through a se…
What is the osmolarity of normal saline often used for IV flu…
Osmosis
The movement of water from an area of lower concentration to…
Diffusion
A process in which the substance moves from an area of higher…
Basic Nursing Chapter 17 Fluid and electrolytes balance
Feedback
Negative
Positive
1.) Labor 2.)Blood Clotting 3.) Artial…
Relying of data of information about a given condition to the…
feedback to restore homeostasis
Stimuli is continued
What are 3 examples of POSITIVE Feedback?
Feedback
Relying of data of information about a given condition to the…
Negative
feedback to restore homeostasis
74 terms
Nursing Fundamentals Chapter 41: Fluids and Electrolytes
Average fluid intake of healthy indivi…
Fluids are ___-____% of body weight
Routes of fluid intake are:
Osmosis
2300ml/day but varies
50-60%
IV, rectal and irrigation
water moves across the cell membrane which separates fluids o…
Average fluid intake of healthy indivi…
2300ml/day but varies
Fluids are ___-____% of body weight
50-60%
48 terms
Quiz 5 Suffixes and Electrolytes, Mercy School of Nursing
-algia
-centesis
-ectomy
-emia
pain
puncture, tap
excision
blood
-algia
pain
-centesis
puncture, tap
Nursing Electrolyte Imbalance: Signs & Symptoms
Hypokalemia
Hyperkalemia
Hyponatremia
Hypernatremia
muscle weakness... hypotension, headache... dizzy... myocardial irrita…
bradycardia, systole... muscle weakness... confusion,... P wave flat,…
hypotension, headache... tachycardia... lethargy... seizures... N/V, dry…
hypertension... rales... tachycardia... oliguria... lethargy, irritabilit…
Hypokalemia
muscle weakness... hypotension, headache... dizzy... myocardial irrita…
Hyperkalemia
bradycardia, systole... muscle weakness... confusion,... P wave flat,…
Medical Surgical Nursing (fluid & electrolyte)
Diffusion
Facilitated Diffusion
Active transport
Osmosis
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration. Require…
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration without…
Process of which molecules move against concentration gradien…
Movement of water between two compartments by a membrane perm…
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration. Require…
Facilitated Diffusion
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration without…
51 terms
Fluid and Electrolyte Notes Nursing 122
ECF
ICF
Two Major Divisions of ECF
Intravascular fluid
extracellular fluid, fluid outside the cells. approx. 1/3 of…
intracellular fluid, inside the cells. Approx 2/3 of total bo…
Intravascular fluid... Interstitial fluid
the liquid portion of the blood (plasma)
ECF
extracellular fluid, fluid outside the cells. approx. 1/3 of…
ICF
intracellular fluid, inside the cells. Approx 2/3 of total bo…
22 terms
Fluid and Electrolytes (1st year nursing/nclex)
Magnesium levels
Phosphate levels
Potassium levels
Calcium levels
1.5 - 2.5
2.5-4.5
3.5-5
8.5-10.5
Magnesium levels
1.5 - 2.5
Phosphate levels
2.5-4.5
144 terms
Fundamentals of nursing Ch:33 Fluid and Electrolytes
Intracellular
Extracellular
Interstitial fluid
Solute
Within cell
Within blood vessels
between cells... fluid that surrounds cells
Substance dissolved in a solution
Intracellular
Within cell
Extracellular
Within blood vessels
54 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing Test 5 Electrolytes (for matching)
Hyponatremia
Hypernatremia
Causes of hyopnatremia
Kidney diseases, burns, excessive pers…
Low Sodium
High Sodium
GI losses: vomiting, diarrhea
Causes of hyponatremia
Hyponatremia
Low Sodium
Hypernatremia
High Sodium
26 terms
Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalances- Nursing Implications
dehydration
dehydration
dehydration
fluid overload
orthostatic hypotension, neck and hand veins not distended, i…
labs: elevated H&H, serum osmolality, serum sodium, and BUN
patients safety, fluid replacement, drugs to restore fluid ba…
what needs to be monitored for in dehydrated patients receivi…
dehydration
orthostatic hypotension, neck and hand veins not distended, i…
dehydration
labs: elevated H&H, serum osmolality, serum sodium, and BUN
Nurse 106 Fluids Electrolytes and Pharmacology
Fluid Balance
Functions of body fluids in the body
Factors that affect fluid volume
Older adults are at increased risk for…
The relationship between water/fluids, fluid compartments, mo…
1 - Carries nutrients to the body cells, waste products away…
Age: Adults 50-60%... Infants 70-80%... Premature 90%... elderly 45-55…
Fat replaces lean muscle as aging progresses, leading to a de…
Fluid Balance
The relationship between water/fluids, fluid compartments, mo…
Functions of body fluids in the body
1 - Carries nutrients to the body cells, waste products away…
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