Study sets matching "nursing foundations"

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Study sets matching "nursing foundations"

Nursing foundations
U
TO
VO
R/V
Unit
Telephone order
Verbal order
Repeat and verify
U
Unit
TO
Telephone order
Nursing Foundations
Spondyl/o
neo
geri
nas/o
vertebra
new
elderly
nose
Spondyl/o
vertebra
neo
new
50 terms
Nursing Foundations
What are the six steps of Chain of Inf…
What are 2 Types of Infection?
4 Signs of Local infection? (small area)
5 Signs of Systemic infection?
1. Infections Agent... 2. Source (Reservoir)... 3. Portal of Exit... 4…
Local & Systemic
1. Redness (Erythema)... 2. Edema... 3. Tenderness (drainage)... 4. Wa…
1. Fever... 2. Hypotension (low BP)... 3. Fatigue... 4. Nausea/ Vomiti…
What are the six steps of Chain of Inf…
1. Infections Agent... 2. Source (Reservoir)... 3. Portal of Exit... 4…
What are 2 Types of Infection?
Local & Systemic
53 terms
Nursing foundations
Florence nightingale
Clara Barton
Dorothea Dix
Nurse
Family didn't want her to be nurse, identified needs of pt an…
Established Red Cross
Recruited and in charge of nurses in civil war and fought for…
The care of others, an art and science, focus on the person r…
Florence nightingale
Family didn't want her to be nurse, identified needs of pt an…
Clara Barton
Established Red Cross
23 terms
Foundations in nursing - nursing process
steps in nursing process
parts of a concept map
identification of a disease condition…
clinical judgment about the patient in…
1. assess... 2. diagnosis... 3. plan... 4. implement... 5. evaluate
1. patient... 2. subjective data (health history)... 3. objective d…
medical diagnosis
nursing diagnosis
steps in nursing process
1. assess... 2. diagnosis... 3. plan... 4. implement... 5. evaluate
parts of a concept map
1. patient... 2. subjective data (health history)... 3. objective d…
Nursing Foundations
Nosocomial Infection
Exogenous
Endogenous
Major Sites of Infection
A hospital acquired infection
Acquired by introduction to pathogen from a healthcare enviro…
Acquired due to uncontrolled multiplication of normal flora
Surgical and trauma wounds, urinary and respiratory tracts, b…
Nosocomial Infection
A hospital acquired infection
Exogenous
Acquired by introduction to pathogen from a healthcare enviro…
42 terms
Nursing Foundations
BID
TID
QD or QID
AC
Twice a day
Three times a day
Four times a day
Before meals
BID
Twice a day
TID
Three times a day
14 terms
Nursing Foundations
ANA Definition of Nursing
Florence Nightingale
Clara Barton
Mary Adelaide Nutting
Protection Promotion and optimization of health and abilities…
1850s Crimean War reduced infection rates. Started 1st nursin…
Civil War/ founder of the Red Cross
1st professor of nursing (Colombia)
ANA Definition of Nursing
Protection Promotion and optimization of health and abilities…
Florence Nightingale
1850s Crimean War reduced infection rates. Started 1st nursin…
55 terms
Nursing Foundations
What are the 8 rights?
What are the 3 major routes?
What 2 things must you always do a the…
Combination meds know just one drug or…
drug ... dose ... patient... time ... documentation... to refuse... to be educa…
Enteral... Parenteral... Topical
compare MAR to wristband and ... state name and DOB
BOTH!!
What are the 8 rights?
drug ... dose ... patient... time ... documentation... to refuse... to be educa…
What are the 3 major routes?
Enteral... Parenteral... Topical
Foundations in Nursing
Health Perception & Management
Nutrition-Metabolic
Activity-Exercise
Cognitive-Perceptual
Patient's general perception of their health... Strategies used…
Usual food & fluid consumption... Daily Diet... Food likes/dislikes…
Issues with ADLs... Energy levels, mobility & exercise... Specific…
Vision, hearing, taste, pain, language, memory, decision-making
Health Perception & Management
Patient's general perception of their health... Strategies used…
Nutrition-Metabolic
Usual food & fluid consumption... Daily Diet... Food likes/dislikes…
Foundations Ch 1: Nursing Foundations
Active listening
Activities of Daily Living
advanced practice
aerobic exercise
demonstrating full attention to what is being said; hearing b…
acts that people normally do every day
specialized areas of nursing expertise, such as nurse practit…
rhythmically moving all parts of the body at a moderate to sl…
Active listening
demonstrating full attention to what is being said; hearing b…
Activities of Daily Living
acts that people normally do every day
69 terms
nursing foundations
acute illness
Chronic illness
remission
exacerbation
characterized by severe symptoms that are relatively short-li…
usually develops gradually, requires ongoing medical attentio…
when symptoms subside
when symptoms reappear or worsen
acute illness
characterized by severe symptoms that are relatively short-li…
Chronic illness
usually develops gradually, requires ongoing medical attentio…
Nurse 106 foundations of nursing
Afebrile
Apnea
Antipyretic
Blood pressure
Without fever
Transient cessation of respiration; to stop breathing
An agent that reduces fever
The force with which blood moves through a person's body
Afebrile
Without fever
Apnea
Transient cessation of respiration; to stop breathing
34 terms
Foundations of Nursing
nursing process
assesssment techniques
parts of an interview
parts of nsg dx
assessment... diagnosis... planning... implementation... evaluation
inspection... palpation... percussion... auscultation
orientation... working... termination
dx... r/t... E... aeb... dc
nursing process
assessment... diagnosis... planning... implementation... evaluation
assesssment techniques
inspection... palpation... percussion... auscultation
Foundations of Nursing
Hematopoiesis
Orthopedics
Scapula
Carpals
Blood production
Branch of medicine involved in prevention & correction of def…
Shoulder blade
Wrist bones
Hematopoiesis
Blood production
Orthopedics
Branch of medicine involved in prevention & correction of def…
30 terms
Nursing foundations
dONning
dOFFing
What needs to be worn in contact iso?
What diseases are contact?
gown... mask ... goggles... gloves
gloves ... goggles... gown... mask
gown and gloves (do not reach into pockets!)
C. Diff... scabies... shingles... MRSA... VRE
dONning
gown... mask ... goggles... gloves
dOFFing
gloves ... goggles... gown... mask
39 terms
Foundations of Nursing
What are factors that affect blood pre…
What are the vital signs?
normal range for temperature:
normal range for pulse
age, gender, smoking, exercise, medications, race, diurnal va…
pulse, respiratory rate, pulse ox, blood pressure, temperature
98.6-99.5
60-100
What are factors that affect blood pre…
age, gender, smoking, exercise, medications, race, diurnal va…
What are the vital signs?
pulse, respiratory rate, pulse ox, blood pressure, temperature
148 terms
Foundations of Nursing Exam 3
Crystalloids
Isotonic
Hypotonic
Hypertonic
Fluids that are clear
osmotic concentration equal to that of body fluids so... there i…
of lower concentration than in body fluids; fluid... enters cell…
of greater concentration than body fluids; water... leaves cells…
Crystalloids
Fluids that are clear
Isotonic
osmotic concentration equal to that of body fluids so... there i…
55 terms
Nursing Foundations Exam 1
Assessment
Primary Source
Secondary Source
Subjective Data
Nurses collect, validate, and organize data through primary (…
patient and physical assessment- attained from the patient th…
Health history, Lab/Diagnostic testing, Other health care pro…
Symptoms- what the patient says and feels "I get a sharp pain…
Assessment
Nurses collect, validate, and organize data through primary (…
Primary Source
patient and physical assessment- attained from the patient th…
37 terms
Foundations of nursing lecture (nursing process)
nursing process
five steps of the nursing
seven characteristic of nursing process
Maslow's Hierarchy of human needs.
organized sequence of problem solving steps.... used to identify…
Assessment: collecting, validating and communicating of patie…
within the legal scope of nursing.... Based on knowledge.... Planne…
According to Dr. Maslow's Hierarchy of needs, a person's need…
nursing process
organized sequence of problem solving steps.... used to identify…
five steps of the nursing
Assessment: collecting, validating and communicating of patie…
42 terms
Nursing foundations
Adult resp rate
Adult HR <12yr old
Infant systolic BP
Child systolic BP
12-20 per min
60-100 per min
60
70-75
Adult resp rate
12-20 per min
Adult HR <12yr old
60-100 per min
Nursing Foundations
Illness
Aspects of Health and Wellness
Variables
Continuum of Health/Wellness/Illness
altered level of function in response to disease process. Dis…
Physical (activities of daily living), emotional (adapt to st…
-modifiable: smoking, nutrition, health education, sex and ex…
center: normal state of health... -range of health to illness: o…
Illness
altered level of function in response to disease process. Dis…
Aspects of Health and Wellness
Physical (activities of daily living), emotional (adapt to st…
Foundations of Nursing- Exam 2
Fluid
Fluid amount
Fluid Concentration
Fluid Composition
Water that contains dissolved or suspended substances such as…
Volume
Osmolality
Electrolyte Concentration
Fluid
Water that contains dissolved or suspended substances such as…
Fluid amount
Volume
12 terms
Foundations of Nursing
Nursing Process
Therapeutic nursing interventions
Advocacy
Responsibility
Assessment, Analysis/Diagnosis, Planning, Implementations/the…
based on knowledge, priorities of care and planned goals/outc…
support of clients' health, safety, and personal rights
willingness to respect obligations and follow through on prom…
Nursing Process
Assessment, Analysis/Diagnosis, Planning, Implementations/the…
Therapeutic nursing interventions
based on knowledge, priorities of care and planned goals/outc…
41 terms
Foundations of Nursing
Nursing
Science of nursing
Art of nursing
16th century of nursing
It is a profession foused on assisting individiuals, families…
The knowledge base
The skilled application of that knowledge to assist others to…
Early civilizations believed illness had supernatural cause... R…
Nursing
It is a profession foused on assisting individiuals, families…
Science of nursing
The knowledge base
Foundations of Nursing
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Antibody
Antigen
requires oxygen to live and grow
doesn't require oxygen to live and grow
Immunoglobin produced by the body in response to certain anti…
Foreign material capable of inducing a specific immune response
Aerobic
requires oxygen to live and grow
Anaerobic
doesn't require oxygen to live and grow
19 terms
Foundations of Nursing
assessing
blended competencies
caring
clinical judgment
collection, validation, and communication of patient data.
...
...
...
assessing
collection, validation, and communication of patient data.
blended competencies
...
Foundations of Nursing
Actual nursing diagnosis
Risk nursing diagnosis
Possible nursing diagnosis
wellness diagnosis
3 part statement includes diagnostic label, related factors,…
2 part statement, diagnostic label and risks... risk for infecti…
2 part statement and unknown related factors... Possible self es…
one part statement w/ diagnostic label ... Readiness for enhance…
Actual nursing diagnosis
3 part statement includes diagnostic label, related factors,…
Risk nursing diagnosis
2 part statement, diagnostic label and risks... risk for infecti…
32 terms
Foundations in Nursing
Infection Control
Nonspecific Defenses Against Infection:
Specific Defenses Against Infection:
Nosocomial Infections:
Nature of Infection:... 1. Etiologic agent =Pathogen or microbe.…
•Anatomic and Physiologic Barriers= Skin, Mouth, Eye, Respira…
•Active Immunity= Body's protection, immunizations... •Passive (…
Infections acquired in a health care facility.... •Iatrogenic= r…
Infection Control
Nature of Infection:... 1. Etiologic agent =Pathogen or microbe.…
Nonspecific Defenses Against Infection:
•Anatomic and Physiologic Barriers= Skin, Mouth, Eye, Respira…
Foundations of nursing
Ethical aspects of nursing
Utilitarianism
Egoism
Relativism
Utilitarism... Egoism... Relativism... Absolusm
is an ethical doctrine which prescribes to act so as to maxim…
the habit of valuing everything only in reference to one's pe…
the belief that different things are true, right, etc., for d…
Ethical aspects of nursing
Utilitarism... Egoism... Relativism... Absolusm
Utilitarianism
is an ethical doctrine which prescribes to act so as to maxim…
Foundations of Nursing
hemorrhage
epicardium
electrocardiogram
cardiomegaly
an escape of blood from ruptured blood vessels, especially wh…
serous membrane that forms the innermost layer of the pericar…
a record or display of a person's heartbeat produced by elect…
abnormal enlargement of the heart
hemorrhage
an escape of blood from ruptured blood vessels, especially wh…
epicardium
serous membrane that forms the innermost layer of the pericar…
Foundations of nursing
Transduction
Transmission
Modulation
Neuromodulators
Activation of free nerve endings (nociceptors) in skin, muscl…
Conduction from stimulated receptor to brain
Inhibition or modification of sensation of pain
Endogenous opioids that have analgesics activity and alter th…
Transduction
Activation of free nerve endings (nociceptors) in skin, muscl…
Transmission
Conduction from stimulated receptor to brain
Foundations of Nursing
Melena
Achlorhydria
Anastomosis
Occult Blood
Tarlike Fetid smelling stool containing undigested blood
Abnormal condition by the absence of hydrochloric acid in the…
Surgical Joining of 2 ducts, blood vessels, or bowel segements
Blood that is obscure or hidden
Melena
Tarlike Fetid smelling stool containing undigested blood
Achlorhydria
Abnormal condition by the absence of hydrochloric acid in the…
5 terms
Foundations of Nursing
novice
advanced beginner
competent practitioner
proficient practitioner
has little background and limited practical skills... relies on…
has marginally competent skills... uses theory and principles mu…
feels competent, organized... plans and sets goals... thinks abstra…
views patients holistically... recognizes subtle changes... sets pr…
novice
has little background and limited practical skills... relies on…
advanced beginner
has marginally competent skills... uses theory and principles mu…
20 terms
nursing foundations
5 cardinal signs of inflammation
What are the four radiographic tests?
What is the norm wbc count?
What is norm neutrophil percentage?
redness, swelling, heat, pain, loss of func
mri, ct, pet scan, colonoscopy
4000-10,000/mcl
54-75%
5 cardinal signs of inflammation
redness, swelling, heat, pain, loss of func
What are the four radiographic tests?
mri, ct, pet scan, colonoscopy
Nursing Foundations
What are the six steps of Chain of Inf…
What are 2 Types of Infection?
4 Signs of Local infection? (small area)
5 Signs of Systemic infection?
1. Infections Agent... 2. Source (Reservoir)... 3. Portal of Exit... 4…
Local & Systemic
1. Redness (Erythema)... 2. Edema... 3. Tenderness (drainage)... 4. Wa…
1. Fever... 2. Hypotension (low BP)... 3. Fatigue... 4. Nausea/ Vomiti…
What are the six steps of Chain of Inf…
1. Infections Agent... 2. Source (Reservoir)... 3. Portal of Exit... 4…
What are 2 Types of Infection?
Local & Systemic
19 terms
Foundations of Nursing
Patricia Benner's contributions
Nightingale
Peplau
Henderson
o Primacy of caring... o Advanced beginner, competent, proficie…
o Focus on Environment (providing fresh air, light, warmth, c…
o Focus on interpersonal relations b/w the nurse, pt, pt's fa…
o Assisting individual sick or well, in activities contributi…
Patricia Benner's contributions
o Primacy of caring... o Advanced beginner, competent, proficie…
Nightingale
o Focus on Environment (providing fresh air, light, warmth, c…
18 terms
foundations of nursing chapter 12
carrier
Centers for Disease Control and Preven…
contamination
disinfection
Person or animal who harbors and spreads an organism, causing…
Federal agency that provides facilities and services for inve…
Condition of being soiled, stained, touched, or otherwise exp…
Process by which pathogens, but not necessarily their spores,…
carrier
Person or animal who harbors and spreads an organism, causing…
Centers for Disease Control and Preven…
Federal agency that provides facilities and services for inve…
Foundations of Nursing Chapter 18
planning
priority setting
classification of priorities
goal
involves setting priorities, identifying patient-centered goa…
Step one in planning.... ordering of nursing diagnoses or patien…
high, intermediate, low
broad statement that describes a desired change in a patients…
planning
involves setting priorities, identifying patient-centered goa…
priority setting
Step one in planning.... ordering of nursing diagnoses or patien…
95 terms
Foundations of Nursing chpt 1
dorthea dix
Clara Barton
Marry ann ball
Linda Richards
1880-1887 ... pioneer for the mentally ill... superintendant of uni…
1821-1912 ... american red cross
1817-1901... civil war heroine
1841-1930... 1st trained nurse in US... 1st nursing/ hopsital records
dorthea dix
1880-1887 ... pioneer for the mentally ill... superintendant of uni…
Clara Barton
1821-1912 ... american red cross
Foundations of Nursing Chapter 19
implementation
nursing intervention
direct care
indirect care
fourth step of nursing process, begins after the nurse develo…
any treatment based on clinical judgement and knowledge that…
interventions are treatments performed through interactions w…
interventions or treatments performed away from the patient b…
implementation
fourth step of nursing process, begins after the nurse develo…
nursing intervention
any treatment based on clinical judgement and knowledge that…
11 terms
Foundations of nursings
Methods used to collect data
Cultural competence
Ethnocentrism
Closed question
Physical examination and interview with patient about their h…
Awareness of ones own cultural beliefs
Believe a specific culture is the best
Specific question that requires a specific answer
Methods used to collect data
Physical examination and interview with patient about their h…
Cultural competence
Awareness of ones own cultural beliefs
Nursing Foundations Final Review
Florence Nightingale
Dorthea Dix
Hippocrates
Clara Barton
The Founder of Modern Nursing
Reformed health conditions for the mentally ill, selected and…
The father of medicine
founded the Red Cross in 1881
Florence Nightingale
The Founder of Modern Nursing
Dorthea Dix
Reformed health conditions for the mentally ill, selected and…
49 terms
Foundations of Nursing-Test 1
Caregiver
Case manager
Client advocate
Communicator
A role that traditionally included those activities that assi…
Nurse who works with the multidisciplinary healthcare team to…
Nursing role of pleading the cause of a client
An individual who is skilled the communication and conveying…
Caregiver
A role that traditionally included those activities that assi…
Case manager
Nurse who works with the multidisciplinary healthcare team to…
66 terms
Foundation of nursing
Florence nightingale
Clara Barton
Harriet Tubman
Mary Mahoney
First practicing epidemiologist, organized first school for n…
Founded the American red cross
Influenced nursing during the civil war; active in the underg…
First professionally trained between cultures and races; Conc…
Florence nightingale
First practicing epidemiologist, organized first school for n…
Clara Barton
Founded the American red cross
28 terms
Foundations of nursing
_____ indicates medication administrat…
What are the 3 Enteral routes?
Other forms of oral administration inc…
Which route of medication administrati…
Enteral
Administration orally ,Bucally, (inside the cheek) and via ga…
Trans lingual
Oral
_____ indicates medication administrat…
Enteral
What are the 3 Enteral routes?
Administration orally ,Bucally, (inside the cheek) and via ga…
43 terms
Nursing Foundations Final Exam
Geriatrics
Spirituality
Relocation Trauma
Gerontology
The branch of medicine or social science dealing with the hea…
Includes a sense of connection to something bigger than ourse…
Also called Transfer Trauma, is a formal nursing diagnosis an…
The scientific study of old age, the process of aging, and th…
Geriatrics
The branch of medicine or social science dealing with the hea…
Spirituality
Includes a sense of connection to something bigger than ourse…
Nutrition 115 Foundations of Nursing
Nutrients
Basal Metabolism (BMR)
Body Mass Index (BMI)
Caloric Requirements
biochemical substances used by the body... -Essential Nutrients-…
-Men 1 cal/kg of body weight per hour ... -Women 0.9 cal/kg of b…
-BMI=(weight/height x height) x 703 ... -Ideal BMI is 18.5-24.9
-1 lb of body fat = 3,500 calories
Nutrients
biochemical substances used by the body... -Essential Nutrients-…
Basal Metabolism (BMR)
-Men 1 cal/kg of body weight per hour ... -Women 0.9 cal/kg of b…
foundations of nursing chapter 27
aura
food and drug administration (FDA)
immunizations
pathogen
a bright light, smell or taste
the FDA is a federal agency responsible for the enforcement o…
reduces, and in some cases prevents the transmission of disea…
any micro-organism capable of producing illness
aura
a bright light, smell or taste
food and drug administration (FDA)
the FDA is a federal agency responsible for the enforcement o…
Caring in Nursing- Caring & Foundations
Caring
Benner theory of caring
Leininger theory of caring
Watson theory of caring
a universal value that directs nursing practice
caring is primary
caring is transcultural
caring is transpersonal
Caring
a universal value that directs nursing practice
Benner theory of caring
caring is primary
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