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Study sets matching "nursing foundations"

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Study sets matching "nursing foundations"

85 terms
Nursing foundations
U
TO
VO
R/V
Unit
Telephone order
Verbal order
Repeat and verify
U
Unit
TO
Telephone order
50 terms
Nursing Foundations
What are the six steps of Chain of Inf…
What are 2 Types of Infection?
4 Signs of Local infection? (small area)
5 Signs of Systemic infection?
1. Infections Agent... 2. Source (Reservoir)... 3. Portal of Exit... 4…
Local & Systemic
1. Redness (Erythema)... 2. Edema... 3. Tenderness (drainage)... 4. Wa…
1. Fever... 2. Hypotension (low BP)... 3. Fatigue... 4. Nausea/ Vomiti…
What are the six steps of Chain of Inf…
1. Infections Agent... 2. Source (Reservoir)... 3. Portal of Exit... 4…
What are 2 Types of Infection?
Local & Systemic
53 terms
Nursing foundations
Florence nightingale
Clara Barton
Dorothea Dix
Nurse
Family didn't want her to be nurse, identified needs of pt an…
Established Red Cross
Recruited and in charge of nurses in civil war and fought for…
The care of others, an art and science, focus on the person r…
Florence nightingale
Family didn't want her to be nurse, identified needs of pt an…
Clara Barton
Established Red Cross
27 terms
Nursing Foundations
Nosocomial Infection
Exogenous
Endogenous
Major Sites of Infection
A hospital acquired infection
Acquired by introduction to pathogen from a healthcare enviro…
Acquired due to uncontrolled multiplication of normal flora
Surgical and trauma wounds, urinary and respiratory tracts, b…
Nosocomial Infection
A hospital acquired infection
Exogenous
Acquired by introduction to pathogen from a healthcare enviro…
23 terms
Foundations in nursing - nursing process
steps in nursing process
parts of a concept map
identification of a disease condition…
clinical judgment about the patient in…
1. assess... 2. diagnosis... 3. plan... 4. implement... 5. evaluate
1. patient... 2. subjective data (health history)... 3. objective d…
medical diagnosis
nursing diagnosis
steps in nursing process
1. assess... 2. diagnosis... 3. plan... 4. implement... 5. evaluate
parts of a concept map
1. patient... 2. subjective data (health history)... 3. objective d…
Nursing Foundations
Spondyl/o
neo
geri
nas/o
vertebra
new
elderly
nose
Spondyl/o
vertebra
neo
new
42 terms
Nursing Foundations
BID
TID
QD or QID
AC
Twice a day
Three times a day
Four times a day
Before meals
BID
Twice a day
TID
Three times a day
17 terms
Foundations in Nursing
Health Perception & Management
Nutrition-Metabolic
Activity-Exercise
Cognitive-Perceptual
Patient's general perception of their health... Strategies used…
Usual food & fluid consumption... Daily Diet... Food likes/dislikes…
Issues with ADLs... Energy levels, mobility & exercise... Specific…
Vision, hearing, taste, pain, language, memory, decision-making
Health Perception & Management
Patient's general perception of their health... Strategies used…
Nutrition-Metabolic
Usual food & fluid consumption... Daily Diet... Food likes/dislikes…
34 terms
Foundations of Nursing
nursing process
assesssment techniques
parts of an interview
parts of nsg dx
assessment... diagnosis... planning... implementation... evaluation
inspection... palpation... percussion... auscultation
orientation... working... termination
dx... r/t... E... aeb... dc
nursing process
assessment... diagnosis... planning... implementation... evaluation
assesssment techniques
inspection... palpation... percussion... auscultation
14 terms
Nursing Foundations
ANA Definition of Nursing
Florence Nightingale
Clara Barton
Mary Adelaide Nutting
Protection Promotion and optimization of health and abilities…
1850s Crimean War reduced infection rates. Started 1st nursin…
Civil War/ founder of the Red Cross
1st professor of nursing (Colombia)
ANA Definition of Nursing
Protection Promotion and optimization of health and abilities…
Florence Nightingale
1850s Crimean War reduced infection rates. Started 1st nursin…
42 terms
Nursing foundations
Adult resp rate
Adult HR <12yr old
Infant systolic BP
Child systolic BP
12-20 per min
60-100 per min
60
70-75
Adult resp rate
12-20 per min
Adult HR <12yr old
60-100 per min
55 terms
Nursing Foundations
What are the 8 rights?
What are the 3 major routes?
What 2 things must you always do a the…
Combination meds know just one drug or…
drug ... dose ... patient... time ... documentation... to refuse... to be educa…
Enteral... Parenteral... Topical
compare MAR to wristband and ... state name and DOB
BOTH!!
What are the 8 rights?
drug ... dose ... patient... time ... documentation... to refuse... to be educa…
What are the 3 major routes?
Enteral... Parenteral... Topical
69 terms
nursing foundations
acute illness
Chronic illness
remission
exacerbation
characterized by severe symptoms that are relatively short-li…
usually develops gradually, requires ongoing medical attentio…
when symptoms subside
when symptoms reappear or worsen
acute illness
characterized by severe symptoms that are relatively short-li…
Chronic illness
usually develops gradually, requires ongoing medical attentio…
30 terms
Nursing foundations
dONning
dOFFing
What needs to be worn in contact iso?
What diseases are contact?
gown... mask ... goggles... gloves
gloves ... goggles... gown... mask
gown and gloves (do not reach into pockets!)
C. Diff... scabies... shingles... MRSA... VRE
dONning
gown... mask ... goggles... gloves
dOFFing
gloves ... goggles... gown... mask
33 terms
Foundations of Nursing
Vital Signs
Temperature
Pyrexia
102.2 F or above is when...
1. temperature (T)... 2. pulse (P)... 3. respirations (R)... 4. blood…
normal range: 96-100 F... Pyrexia
technical term for fever
fever is harmful for adults
Vital Signs
1. temperature (T)... 2. pulse (P)... 3. respirations (R)... 4. blood…
Temperature
normal range: 96-100 F... Pyrexia
26 terms
Nurse 106 foundations of nursing
Afebrile
Apnea
Antipyretic
Blood pressure
Without fever
Transient cessation of respiration; to stop breathing
An agent that reduces fever
The force with which blood moves through a person's body
Afebrile
Without fever
Apnea
Transient cessation of respiration; to stop breathing
148 terms
Foundations of Nursing Exam 3
Crystalloids
Isotonic
Hypotonic
Hypertonic
Fluids that are clear
osmotic concentration equal to that of body fluids so... there i…
of lower concentration than in body fluids; fluid... enters cell…
of greater concentration than body fluids; water... leaves cells…
Crystalloids
Fluids that are clear
Isotonic
osmotic concentration equal to that of body fluids so... there i…
109 terms
Foundations of Nursing
debridement
afebrile
repel
Xerosis
the surgical removal of dead tissue or cellular debris from t…
without fever
When an army repels an attack, they successfully fight and dr…
abnormal dryness of bodily tissues, esp the skin, eyes, or mu…
debridement
the surgical removal of dead tissue or cellular debris from t…
afebrile
without fever
39 terms
Foundations of Nursing
What are factors that affect blood pre…
What are the vital signs?
normal range for temperature:
normal range for pulse
age, gender, smoking, exercise, medications, race, diurnal va…
pulse, respiratory rate, pulse ox, blood pressure, temperature
98.6-99.5
60-100
What are factors that affect blood pre…
age, gender, smoking, exercise, medications, race, diurnal va…
What are the vital signs?
pulse, respiratory rate, pulse ox, blood pressure, temperature
13 terms
Nursing Foundations
Illness
Aspects of Health and Wellness
Variables
Continuum of Health/Wellness/Illness
altered level of function in response to disease process. Dis…
Physical (activities of daily living), emotional (adapt to st…
-modifiable: smoking, nutrition, health education, sex and ex…
center: normal state of health... -range of health to illness: o…
Illness
altered level of function in response to disease process. Dis…
Aspects of Health and Wellness
Physical (activities of daily living), emotional (adapt to st…
17 terms
Foundations of nursing
Transduction
Transmission
Modulation
Neuromodulators
Activation of free nerve endings (nociceptors) in skin, muscl…
Conduction from stimulated receptor to brain
Inhibition or modification of sensation of pain
Endogenous opioids that have analgesics activity and alter th…
Transduction
Activation of free nerve endings (nociceptors) in skin, muscl…
Transmission
Conduction from stimulated receptor to brain
Foundations Ch 1: Nursing Foundations
Active listening
Activities of Daily Living
advanced practice
aerobic exercise
demonstrating full attention to what is being said; hearing b…
acts that people normally do every day
specialized areas of nursing expertise, such as nurse practit…
rhythmically moving all parts of the body at a moderate to sl…
Active listening
demonstrating full attention to what is being said; hearing b…
Activities of Daily Living
acts that people normally do every day
50 terms
Nursing Foundations
What are the six steps of Chain of Inf…
What are 2 Types of Infection?
4 Signs of Local infection? (small area)
5 Signs of Systemic infection?
1. Infections Agent... 2. Source (Reservoir)... 3. Portal of Exit... 4…
Local & Systemic
1. Redness (Erythema)... 2. Edema... 3. Tenderness (drainage)... 4. Wa…
1. Fever... 2. Hypotension (low BP)... 3. Fatigue... 4. Nausea/ Vomiti…
What are the six steps of Chain of Inf…
1. Infections Agent... 2. Source (Reservoir)... 3. Portal of Exit... 4…
What are 2 Types of Infection?
Local & Systemic
19 terms
Foundations of Nursing
Patricia Benner's contributions
Nightingale
Peplau
Henderson
o Primacy of caring... o Advanced beginner, competent, proficie…
o Focus on Environment (providing fresh air, light, warmth, c…
o Focus on interpersonal relations b/w the nurse, pt, pt's fa…
o Assisting individual sick or well, in activities contributi…
Patricia Benner's contributions
o Primacy of caring... o Advanced beginner, competent, proficie…
Nightingale
o Focus on Environment (providing fresh air, light, warmth, c…
68 terms
Foundations of Nursing
hemorrhage
epicardium
electrocardiogram
cardiomegaly
an escape of blood from ruptured blood vessels, especially wh…
serous membrane that forms the innermost layer of the pericar…
a record or display of a person's heartbeat produced by elect…
abnormal enlargement of the heart
hemorrhage
an escape of blood from ruptured blood vessels, especially wh…
epicardium
serous membrane that forms the innermost layer of the pericar…
12 terms
Foundations of Nursing
Nursing Process
Therapeutic nursing interventions
Advocacy
Responsibility
Assessment, Analysis/Diagnosis, Planning, Implementations/the…
based on knowledge, priorities of care and planned goals/outc…
support of clients' health, safety, and personal rights
willingness to respect obligations and follow through on prom…
Nursing Process
Assessment, Analysis/Diagnosis, Planning, Implementations/the…
Therapeutic nursing interventions
based on knowledge, priorities of care and planned goals/outc…
41 terms
Foundations of Nursing
Nursing
Science of nursing
Art of nursing
16th century of nursing
It is a profession foused on assisting individiuals, families…
The knowledge base
The skilled application of that knowledge to assist others to…
Early civilizations believed illness had supernatural cause... R…
Nursing
It is a profession foused on assisting individiuals, families…
Science of nursing
The knowledge base
Foundations of Nursing
Melena
Achlorhydria
Anastomosis
Occult Blood
Tarlike Fetid smelling stool containing undigested blood
Abnormal condition by the absence of hydrochloric acid in the…
Surgical Joining of 2 ducts, blood vessels, or bowel segements
Blood that is obscure or hidden
Melena
Tarlike Fetid smelling stool containing undigested blood
Achlorhydria
Abnormal condition by the absence of hydrochloric acid in the…
36 terms
Foundations of Nursing
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Antibody
Antigen
requires oxygen to live and grow
doesn't require oxygen to live and grow
Immunoglobin produced by the body in response to certain anti…
Foreign material capable of inducing a specific immune response
Aerobic
requires oxygen to live and grow
Anaerobic
doesn't require oxygen to live and grow
120 terms
Foundations of Nursing
Hematopoiesis
Orthopedics
Scapula
Carpals
Blood production
Branch of medicine involved in prevention & correction of def…
Shoulder blade
Wrist bones
Hematopoiesis
Blood production
Orthopedics
Branch of medicine involved in prevention & correction of def…
32 terms
Foundations in Nursing
Infection Control
Nonspecific Defenses Against Infection:
Specific Defenses Against Infection:
Nosocomial Infections:
Nature of Infection:... 1. Etiologic agent =Pathogen or microbe.…
•Anatomic and Physiologic Barriers= Skin, Mouth, Eye, Respira…
•Active Immunity= Body's protection, immunizations... •Passive (…
Infections acquired in a health care facility.... •Iatrogenic= r…
Infection Control
Nature of Infection:... 1. Etiologic agent =Pathogen or microbe.…
Nonspecific Defenses Against Infection:
•Anatomic and Physiologic Barriers= Skin, Mouth, Eye, Respira…
20 terms
nursing foundations
5 cardinal signs of inflammation
What are the four radiographic tests?
What is the norm wbc count?
What is norm neutrophil percentage?
redness, swelling, heat, pain, loss of func
mri, ct, pet scan, colonoscopy
4000-10,000/mcl
54-75%
5 cardinal signs of inflammation
redness, swelling, heat, pain, loss of func
What are the four radiographic tests?
mri, ct, pet scan, colonoscopy
43 terms
Nursing Foundations Final Exam
Geriatrics
Spirituality
Relocation Trauma
Gerontology
The branch of medicine or social science dealing with the hea…
Includes a sense of connection to something bigger than ourse…
Also called Transfer Trauma, is a formal nursing diagnosis an…
The scientific study of old age, the process of aging, and th…
Geriatrics
The branch of medicine or social science dealing with the hea…
Spirituality
Includes a sense of connection to something bigger than ourse…
66 terms
Foundation of nursing
Florence nightingale
Clara Barton
Harriet Tubman
Mary Mahoney
First practicing epidemiologist, organized first school for n…
Founded the American red cross
Influenced nursing during the civil war; active in the underg…
First professionally trained between cultures and races; Conc…
Florence nightingale
First practicing epidemiologist, organized first school for n…
Clara Barton
Founded the American red cross
55 terms
Nursing Foundations Exam 1
Assessment
Primary Source
Secondary Source
Subjective Data
Nurses collect, validate, and organize data through primary (…
patient and physical assessment- attained from the patient th…
Health history, Lab/Diagnostic testing, Other health care pro…
Symptoms- what the patient says and feels "I get a sharp pain…
Assessment
Nurses collect, validate, and organize data through primary (…
Primary Source
patient and physical assessment- attained from the patient th…
21 terms
Foundation of nursing
Dorothea Dix
Clara Barton
Linda Richards
Isabel Hampton Robb
Elevation of standards of care for the mentally ill.
Developed the American Red Cross in 1881
1st train nurse in America... Accredited with development of pre…
Organized 1st grading system of theory and practice in nursin…
Dorothea Dix
Elevation of standards of care for the mentally ill.
Clara Barton
Developed the American Red Cross in 1881
37 terms
Foundations of nursing lecture (nursing process)
nursing process
five steps of the nursing
seven characteristic of nursing process
Maslow's Hierarchy of human needs.
organized sequence of problem solving steps.... used to identify…
Assessment: collecting, validating and communicating of patie…
within the legal scope of nursing.... Based on knowledge.... Planne…
According to Dr. Maslow's Hierarchy of needs, a person's need…
nursing process
organized sequence of problem solving steps.... used to identify…
five steps of the nursing
Assessment: collecting, validating and communicating of patie…
49 terms
NRS Foundations of Nursing
Infectious Agent
Reservoir
Portal of Exit
Means of Transmission
bacteria, viruses, fungi
natural habitat of the organism
point of escape for the organism
direct contact, indirect contact, airborne route
Infectious Agent
bacteria, viruses, fungi
Reservoir
natural habitat of the organism
28 terms
Foundations of nursing
_____ indicates medication administrat…
What are the 3 Enteral routes?
Other forms of oral administration inc…
Which route of medication administrati…
Enteral
Administration orally ,Bucally, (inside the cheek) and via ga…
Trans lingual
Oral
_____ indicates medication administrat…
Enteral
What are the 3 Enteral routes?
Administration orally ,Bucally, (inside the cheek) and via ga…
112 terms
Foundations of Nursing Exam I
History Timeline
Influences on Nursing: Past and Present
Who was Florence Nightingale?
Linda Richards
16th Century 1500-1600:... -Focus on religion now replaced by fo…
-The Affordable Health Care Act... -Growing Geriatric Population…
1820-1910 (England)... -1851 Began Training as a Nurse- first pr…
-First professionally trained nurse... -Trained under FN... -Establ…
History Timeline
16th Century 1500-1600:... -Focus on religion now replaced by fo…
Influences on Nursing: Past and Present
-The Affordable Health Care Act... -Growing Geriatric Population…
22 terms
nursing foundations: nursing process
nursing process
assessment
cue
inference
critical thinking process that professional nurses use to app…
collection, verification, and analysis of a patient's data
information that you obtain through use of senses
your judgement or interpretation of cues
nursing process
critical thinking process that professional nurses use to app…
assessment
collection, verification, and analysis of a patient's data
138 terms
Foundations of Nursing- Exam 2
Fluid
Fluid amount
Fluid Concentration
Fluid Composition
Water that contains dissolved or suspended substances such as…
Volume
Osmolality
Electrolyte Concentration
Fluid
Water that contains dissolved or suspended substances such as…
Fluid amount
Volume
31 terms
FOundation of nursing
NAtional League for Nursing
Wellness-illness continuum of Abraham…
Hollistic nursing
Florence nightingale
Provide accreditation for nursing programs
Knowledge & services to promote health and prevent illness
Comprehensive or total patient care tht consider physical, em…
1st nursing theorist, lady of the lamp
NAtional League for Nursing
Provide accreditation for nursing programs
Wellness-illness continuum of Abraham…
Knowledge & services to promote health and prevent illness
12 terms
Foundations of Nursing Chapter 18
planning
priority setting
classification of priorities
goal
involves setting priorities, identifying patient-centered goa…
Step one in planning.... ordering of nursing diagnoses or patien…
high, intermediate, low
broad statement that describes a desired change in a patients…
planning
involves setting priorities, identifying patient-centered goa…
priority setting
Step one in planning.... ordering of nursing diagnoses or patien…
89 terms
Foundations of Nursing Exam 1
Historical influences
Florence Nightingale
Clara Barton
Jean Watson
Florence Nightingale, Clara Barton, Jean Watson
was considered the first "epidemiologist" Her nursing theory…
is remembered as the founder of the American Red Cross
designed the model around the caring process, assisting patie…
Historical influences
Florence Nightingale, Clara Barton, Jean Watson
Florence Nightingale
was considered the first "epidemiologist" Her nursing theory…
8 terms
nursing foundation
nursing fundamentals
nursing pharmacology
medical surg 1
medical surg 2
...
...
...
...
nursing fundamentals
...
nursing pharmacology
...
718 terms
Nursing Foundations Final Review
Florence Nightingale
Dorthea Dix
Hippocrates
Clara Barton
The Founder of Modern Nursing
Reformed health conditions for the mentally ill, selected and…
The father of medicine
founded the Red Cross in 1881
Florence Nightingale
The Founder of Modern Nursing
Dorthea Dix
Reformed health conditions for the mentally ill, selected and…
Nursing Foundation
PES
Pulse
Nursing Process
Method of collecting data
Etiology,problem,symptoms
Temporal,carotid,apical,brachial,redial,femoral,p popliteal,p…
Assessment,diagnosis,planning,implenent,evaluation
Sujective and object data
PES
Etiology,problem,symptoms
Pulse
Temporal,carotid,apical,brachial,redial,femoral,p popliteal,p…
15 terms
Foundation of Nursing
Failure to use proper judgment
Failure to properly assess
Failure to properly administer medicat…
Failure to protect patients from burns
Practice
Practice
Practice
Practice
Failure to use proper judgment
Practice
Failure to properly assess
Practice
11 terms
Foundations of nursings
Methods used to collect data
Cultural competence
Ethnocentrism
Closed question
Physical examination and interview with patient about their h…
Awareness of ones own cultural beliefs
Believe a specific culture is the best
Specific question that requires a specific answer
Methods used to collect data
Physical examination and interview with patient about their h…
Cultural competence
Awareness of ones own cultural beliefs
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