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Study sets matching "nursing pathophysiology"

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Study sets matching "nursing pathophysiology"

101 terms
Pathophysiology of Nursing
Which of the following relate to a cha…
An echocardiogram reveals Charles, an…
A friend comes to you concerned, as he…
Cell injury occurs when cells are expo…
C. Atrophy... E. Hypertrophy
C. Physiological Hypertrophy
B. Dysplasia indicates a change in the cellular appearance
C. Cellular Swelling... D. Defects in Protein Synthesis... E. Dysfu…
Which of the following relate to a cha…
C. Atrophy... E. Hypertrophy
An echocardiogram reveals Charles, an…
C. Physiological Hypertrophy
38 terms
Nursing Pathophysiology
Anaphylaxis
Antibody
Antigen
Autoimmunity
a severe response to an allergen in which the symptoms develo…
any of a large variety of proteins normally present in the bo…
any substance (as a toxin or enzyme) that stimulates the prod…
production of antibodies against the tissues of your own body…
Anaphylaxis
a severe response to an allergen in which the symptoms develo…
Antibody
any of a large variety of proteins normally present in the bo…
90 terms
Nursing Pathophysiology
The study of the normal functioning of…
Physiology is studied using a ____ app…
How physiological processes are altere…
broad term used to describe the mechan…
Physiology
Mechanistic
pathophysiology
homeostasis
The study of the normal functioning of…
Physiology
Physiology is studied using a ____ app…
Mechanistic
41 terms
Nursing Pathophysiology
Inherited
Congenital
Metabolic
Degenerative
tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity
present at birth but not necessarily hereditary
of or relating to metabolism
disease caused by progressive destruction of cells due to dis…
Inherited
tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity
Congenital
present at birth but not necessarily hereditary
48 terms
Pathophysiology for Nursing
Complete Fracture
Incomplete Fracture
Pathologic Fracture
Compression Fracture
Bone is broken entirely
Bone is damaged, but is still in one piece
Fracture at point where bone has been weakened by disease. Br…
Wedged or squeezed together on one side of bone
Complete Fracture
Bone is broken entirely
Incomplete Fracture
Bone is damaged, but is still in one piece
19 terms
Hematology - Pathophysiology Nursing
Bone Marrow
Erythropoiesis
What stimulates erythropoiesis?
Reticulocytes
Produces erythrocytes (red blood cells) , leukocytes (white b…
Production of red blood cells
Hypoxemia (low oxygen in blood) ... If the red blood cell count…
Immature red blood cells, may be released in acute situations…
Bone Marrow
Produces erythrocytes (red blood cells) , leukocytes (white b…
Erythropoiesis
Production of red blood cells
198 terms
Pathophysiology Nursing : Semester 1
Subclinical
Perfusion
3 mechanisms of injury
Free radicals
pathology present with no obvious signs of manifestations
flow of any fluid through vascular bed of tissue
1.free radical production... 2.hypoxia and atp deficiency... 3. cel…
toxic, reactive Chem species ... unstable... cause chemical interfe…
Subclinical
pathology present with no obvious signs of manifestations
Perfusion
flow of any fluid through vascular bed of tissue
155 terms
Nursing Pathophysiology Final
Relaxation of internal and external ur…
While the bladder is filling, signals…
Which 4 mechanisms of excretions does…
Total volume of urine produced in 24 h…
Micturition
Parasympathetic cholinergic motor fibers
1. Regulation of body fluid volume & composition... 2. Eliminati…
750-2000 mL
Relaxation of internal and external ur…
Micturition
While the bladder is filling, signals…
Parasympathetic cholinergic motor fibers
264 terms
Nursing Pathophysiology Exam 2
What is the function of the hematologi…
What is the composition of blood?
How much circulating blood volume do w…
What are the cellular components of bl…
Delivery of substances needed for cellular metabolism, remova…
90% water 10% solutes
6 quarts
Plasma proteins, leukocytes, erythrocytes and platelets
What is the function of the hematologi…
Delivery of substances needed for cellular metabolism, remova…
What is the composition of blood?
90% water 10% solutes
107 terms
Nursing Pathophysiology Exam 1
Pathophysiology
Disease
Etiology
Clinical manifestations
Study of the body's response to dysfunction
Interruption, cessation or disorder of a body system
The cause of a disease
Symptoms and chief complaints
Pathophysiology
Study of the body's response to dysfunction
Disease
Interruption, cessation or disorder of a body system
201 terms
Nursing Pathophysiology Final Blueprint
Cell Damage
Inflammatory Response
Edema and Inflammation
Phagocytosis
...
Response to tissue damage, indicated by redness, swelling, wa…
The accumulation of excess fluid i cells, tissue, or a cavity…
A cell that can surround, ingest, and destroy microorganism,…
Cell Damage
...
Inflammatory Response
Response to tissue damage, indicated by redness, swelling, wa…
201 terms
Nursing Pathophysiology Final Blueprint
Cell Damage
Inflammatory Response
Edema and Inflammation
Phagocytosis
...
Response to tissue damage, indicated by redness, swelling, wa…
The accumulation of excess fluid i cells, tissue, or a cavity…
A cell that can surround, ingest, and destroy microorganism,…
Cell Damage
...
Inflammatory Response
Response to tissue damage, indicated by redness, swelling, wa…
117 terms
Nursing Pathophysiology Final Blueprint
Inflammatory Response
Edema and Inflammation
Phagocytosis
Leukocytosis
Response to tissue damage, indicated by redness, swelling, wa…
The accumulation of excess fluid i cells, tissue, or a cavity…
A cell that can surround, ingest, and destroy microorganism,…
An above-number of Leukocytes (WBCs) in the blood.
Inflammatory Response
Response to tissue damage, indicated by redness, swelling, wa…
Edema and Inflammation
The accumulation of excess fluid i cells, tissue, or a cavity…
46 terms
Nursing Pathophysiology Study Notes
Define Nosocomial
Define Etiology
Define Latrogenic
Define Morbidity
Exposure to infection in the health care environment... Ex. MRSA…
The cause of the disease - usually multifactorial, can be unk…
Disease as a result of medical Tx complication... Ex. Chemo, poo…
Disease complications that impact the quality of life
Define Nosocomial
Exposure to infection in the health care environment... Ex. MRSA…
Define Etiology
The cause of the disease - usually multifactorial, can be unk…
201 terms
Nursing Pathophysiology Final Blueprint
Cell Damage
Inflammatory Response
Edema and Inflammation
Phagocytosis
...
Response to tissue damage, indicated by redness, swelling, wa…
The accumulation of excess fluid i cells, tissue, or a cavity…
A cell that can surround, ingest, and destroy microorganism,…
Cell Damage
...
Inflammatory Response
Response to tissue damage, indicated by redness, swelling, wa…
38 terms
Nursing, Health and Pathophysiology (Introduction)
Pathophysiology
Pathogenesis
Etiology (etiologic factors)
Risk Factors
- physiology of altered health. The cellular and organ change…
- sequence of cellular and tissue events that take place from…
- causes of disease including biologic agents, chemical agent…
- factors that predispose to a particular disease.
Pathophysiology
- physiology of altered health. The cellular and organ change…
Pathogenesis
- sequence of cellular and tissue events that take place from…
107 terms
Nursing Pathophysiology Exam 1
Pathophysiology
Disease
Etiology
Clinical manifestations
Study of the body's response to dysfunction
Interruption, cessation or disorder of a body system
The cause of a disease
Symptoms and chief complaints
Pathophysiology
Study of the body's response to dysfunction
Disease
Interruption, cessation or disorder of a body system
264 terms
Nursing Pathophysiology Exam 2
What is the function of the hematologi…
What is the composition of blood?
How much circulating blood volume do w…
What are the cellular components of bl…
Delivery of substances needed for cellular metabolism, remova…
90% water 10% solutes
6 quarts
Plasma proteins, leukocytes, erythrocytes and platelets
What is the function of the hematologi…
Delivery of substances needed for cellular metabolism, remova…
What is the composition of blood?
90% water 10% solutes
29 terms
Intro to pathophysiology for nurses
Pathophysiology
Etiology
What factors affect etiology?
Pathogenesis
The study of cell/tissue/organ (body) changes that cause dise…
Reason for specific disease processes
Age, genetics, nutrition, personal care choices
Timeline of the development of a disease
Pathophysiology
The study of cell/tissue/organ (body) changes that cause dise…
Etiology
Reason for specific disease processes
8 terms
Pathophysiology - Acute Care Nursing
Hiatal hernia
Melena
Gastritis
GORD
upper part of stomach moves through the diaphragmatic oesopha…
dark stools
Inflammation of the gastric (stomach lining) mucosa
back flow of gastric contents into the oesophagus
Hiatal hernia
upper part of stomach moves through the diaphragmatic oesopha…
Melena
dark stools
29 terms
Pathophysiology Nursing Week 1 Terms
Pathology
Pathophysiology
Pathogenesis
Etiology
The investigation of structural alterations in cells, tissues…
Study of the underlying changes in body physiology that resul…
Pattern of tissue changes associated with the development of…
Cause of the disease (environment, genetics, malnutrition, et…
Pathology
The investigation of structural alterations in cells, tissues…
Pathophysiology
Study of the underlying changes in body physiology that resul…
264 terms
Nursing Pathophysiology Exam 2
What is the function of the hematologi…
What is the composition of blood?
How much circulating blood volume do w…
What are the cellular components of bl…
Delivery of substances needed for cellular metabolism, remova…
90% water 10% solutes
6 quarts
Plasma proteins, leukocytes, erythrocytes and platelets
What is the function of the hematologi…
Delivery of substances needed for cellular metabolism, remova…
What is the composition of blood?
90% water 10% solutes
19 terms
Hematology - Pathophysiology Nursing
Bone Marrow
Erythropoiesis
What stimulates erythropoiesis?
Reticulocytes
Produces erythrocytes (red blood cells) , leukocytes (white b…
Production of red blood cells
Hypoxemia (low oxygen in blood) ... If the red blood cell count…
Immature red blood cells, may be released in acute situations…
Bone Marrow
Produces erythrocytes (red blood cells) , leukocytes (white b…
Erythropoiesis
Production of red blood cells
42 terms
Renal System Nursing Pathophysiology
How do you know the kidneys are working?
What is the best indicator of renal fu…
What is the diagnosis for all renal di…
What is Wilm's tumor?
putting out urine
GFR mL/min... normal: 125... <60 is ALARMING
history & physical exam
pediatric tumor; rare cancer of the kidney; usually just one…
How do you know the kidneys are working?
putting out urine
What is the best indicator of renal fu…
GFR mL/min... normal: 125... <60 is ALARMING
201 terms
Nursing Pathophysiology Final Blueprint
Cell Damage
Inflammatory Response
Edema and Inflammation
Phagocytosis
irreversible cell injury; cell death (necrosis)
Response to tissue damage, indicated by redness, swelling, wa…
The accumulation of excess fluid i cells, tissue, or a cavity…
A cell that can surround, ingest, and destroy microorganism,…
Cell Damage
irreversible cell injury; cell death (necrosis)
Inflammatory Response
Response to tissue damage, indicated by redness, swelling, wa…
29 terms
Pathophysiology Nursing Week 1 Terms
Pathology
Pathophysiology
Pathogenesis
Etiology
The investigation of structural alterations in cells, tissues…
Study of the underlying changes in body physiology that resul…
Pattern of tissue changes associated with the development of…
Cause of the disease (environment, genetics, malnutrition, et…
Pathology
The investigation of structural alterations in cells, tissues…
Pathophysiology
Study of the underlying changes in body physiology that resul…
25 terms
Nursing Pathophysiology Mid-Term Review
Pathophysiology
Atrophy
Apoptosis
Acute
Involves the study of functional or physiologic changes in th…
Decrease in the size of cells, resulting in a reduced tissue…
Refers to programmed cell death, a normal occurrence in the b…
Onset of a disease that may be sudden and obvious
Pathophysiology
Involves the study of functional or physiologic changes in th…
Atrophy
Decrease in the size of cells, resulting in a reduced tissue…
203 terms
Nursing Pathophysiology Final Exam Review
While viewing the electrocardiogram, t…
Which of the following patient would b…
A 76-year-old patient had the followin…
A 50-year-old male visits the cardiolo…
Bundle of His
Diabetes whose glucoses are uncontrolled
Metabolic alkalosis, compensating
Atrial fibrillation
While viewing the electrocardiogram, t…
Bundle of His
Which of the following patient would b…
Diabetes whose glucoses are uncontrolled
113 terms
Pathophysiology Exam 2 (USM Nursing)
Cilia
Surfactant
Diaphragm
Mediastinum
● Hair like projections that extend from cell surfaces of lun…
a lipoprotein produced by alveoli cells that has a detergent-…
Dome shaped muscle that separates the thoracic and abdominal…
the part of the thoracic cavity between the lungs that contai…
Cilia
● Hair like projections that extend from cell surfaces of lun…
Surfactant
a lipoprotein produced by alveoli cells that has a detergent-…
52 terms
SLCC Nursing Pathophysiology- Unit 1b
Abrasion
Angiogenesis
Avulsion
Cellulitis
An injury caused by rubbing or scraping that results in the l…
The process of forming new blood vessels. Occurs in the granu…
a wound that results from tissue being torn away in a large p…
Inflammation or infection of the cells in tissues characteriz…
Abrasion
An injury caused by rubbing or scraping that results in the l…
Angiogenesis
The process of forming new blood vessels. Occurs in the granu…
29 terms
Pathophysiology Nursing Week 1 Terms
Pathology
Pathophysiology
Pathogenesis
Etiology
The investigation of structural alterations in cells, tissues…
Study of the underlying changes in body physiology that resul…
Pattern of tissue changes associated with the development of…
Cause of the disease (environment, genetics, malnutrition, et…
Pathology
The investigation of structural alterations in cells, tissues…
Pathophysiology
Study of the underlying changes in body physiology that resul…
53 terms
SLCC Nursing Pathophysiology- Unit 1a
Homeostasis
Hyperplasia
Hypertrophy
Atrophy
the body's ability to maintain a steady state of internal bal…
Increase numbers of cells
Increased size of cells (2ry to increased workload or patholo…
Reduced size of cell (2ry to disuse, decrease blood flow, mal…
Homeostasis
the body's ability to maintain a steady state of internal bal…
Hyperplasia
Increase numbers of cells
30 terms
SLCC Nursing Pathophysiology-U2
Osmosis
Hydrostatic pressure
Osmotic (oncotic) pressure
0.9% normal saline (NS)
The movement of fluid through a semipermeable membrane, from…
"PUSHES" fluid out of the blood vessel into the tissue on the…
"PULL" that attracts fluid out of the tissue back into the bl…
Isotonic Solution
Osmosis
The movement of fluid through a semipermeable membrane, from…
Hydrostatic pressure
"PUSHES" fluid out of the blood vessel into the tissue on the…
27 terms
Nursing 1150 Pathophysiology Chapter 2
homeostasis
allostasis
stress
stressors
means remaining stable by remaining the same.1 Homeostasis is…
dynamic process that supports and helps the body achieve home…
interpreted as a physical, chemical, or emotional factor that…
harmful stimuli or causative agents producing a stress respon…
homeostasis
means remaining stable by remaining the same.1 Homeostasis is…
allostasis
dynamic process that supports and helps the body achieve home…
29 terms
Pathophysiology Nursing Week 1 Terms
Pathology
Pathophysiology
Pathogenesis
Etiology
The investigation of structural alterations in cells, tissues…
Study of the underlying changes in body physiology that resul…
Pattern of tissue changes associated with the development of…
Cause of the disease (environment, genetics, malnutrition, et…
Pathology
The investigation of structural alterations in cells, tissues…
Pathophysiology
Study of the underlying changes in body physiology that resul…
35 terms
Nursing 1150 Pathophysiology Chapter 3
Plasma membrane
Plasma membrane is composed of?
Functions of Plasma membrane
Three major types of membrane lipids
highly selective filter that shields internal cell contents f…
lipid bilayer that is impermeable to most water-soluble molec…
-transport of nutrients and waste products,... -generation of me…
cholesterol, phospholipids, and glycolipids
Plasma membrane
highly selective filter that shields internal cell contents f…
Plasma membrane is composed of?
lipid bilayer that is impermeable to most water-soluble molec…
37 terms
Nursing 1150 Pathophysiology Chapter 1
pathophysiology
etiology
etiologic process
idiopathic
the study and diagnosis of disease through examination of org…
is the study of the causes or reasons for phenomena
the identification of those causal factors that, acting in co…
when cause is unknown
pathophysiology
the study and diagnosis of disease through examination of org…
etiology
is the study of the causes or reasons for phenomena
Pathophysiology Test 1 LC Nursing
describe the structure of a gene
explain the mechanisms by which genes…
describe the genetic code including th…
transcription
fundamental unit of information storage in a cell... -control in…
explain the mechanisms by which genes control cell function g…
four bases - guaning, adenine, cytosine, and thymine - make u…
transcription occurs in the cell nucleus and involves the syn…
describe the structure of a gene
fundamental unit of information storage in a cell... -control in…
explain the mechanisms by which genes…
explain the mechanisms by which genes control cell function g…
57 terms
Nursing 3100 Pathophysiology ch 1
Cell
Cells turn into
Tissues turn into
Three major components of the Eukaryot…
Smallest fundamental unit that an organism can be divided into
Tissues
Organs
Plasma membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm
Cell
Smallest fundamental unit that an organism can be divided into
Cells turn into
Tissues
78 terms
Nursing 208--Pathophysiology Exam #2
First Line of Defense
second line of defense
third line of defense
First Line of Defense: physical barriers
Innate (natural/native) immunity; determines what is self and…
inflammation
adaptive (acquired) immunity
skin (epithelial barrier keeps pathogens out and prevents adh…
First Line of Defense
Innate (natural/native) immunity; determines what is self and…
second line of defense
inflammation
12 terms
Module 4: Respiratory pathophysiology for nurses
Think about respiration:... REVISION!... Mul…
Respiratory dysfunction grouping
disorder classification... systems
Respiratory Clinical assessment
• Pulmonary ventilation (negative intrathoracic pressure to... p…
1. Things wrong with the outside of the lungs (pleura,... chest…
• Obstructive v restrictive... • Infectious... • Neoplastic... • Traum…
• Oxygen saturation... • Colour... • Confusion... • Clubbing... • Capilla…
Think about respiration:... REVISION!... Mul…
• Pulmonary ventilation (negative intrathoracic pressure to... p…
Respiratory dysfunction grouping
1. Things wrong with the outside of the lungs (pleura,... chest…
24 terms
Nursing L6 - Pathophysiology and control
Why do we control pain?
What does pain result in?
What is the starting point of pain?
What is the destination of pain?
- causes chronic stimulation of SNS and cortisol secretion
- poor appetite... - tachycardia, hypertension... - catabolism... - de…
- activation of nociceptors
- sensation of pain
Why do we control pain?
- causes chronic stimulation of SNS and cortisol secretion
What does pain result in?
- poor appetite... - tachycardia, hypertension... - catabolism... - de…
Nursing Pathophysiology Chapter 14-Infection and Immunity
Eukaryotes
Host
Infection
Colonization
organized nucleus
Any organism capable of supporting the nutritional and growth…
Presence and multiplication of another organism with injury t…
act of establishing a presence, a step required in the proces…
Eukaryotes
organized nucleus
Host
Any organism capable of supporting the nutritional and growth…
90 terms
pathophysiology and pharmacology for nurses quiz 5
dumping syndrome
dyspareunia
dysphasia
dyspnea
a condition in which the lower end of the small intestine fil…
a reversible condition in which sexual intercourse is painful
impairment of speech that manifests as the inability to arran…
shortness of breath and difficulty in breathing; usually the…
dumping syndrome
a condition in which the lower end of the small intestine fil…
dyspareunia
a reversible condition in which sexual intercourse is painful
136 terms
Pathophysiology ETSU nursing Exam 3 blueprint
Functions of the GI tract
What is peristalsis?
What is the purpose of peristalsis?
Is peristalsis voluntary or involuntary?
digestion, absorption, and excretion
Coordinated sequential contraction and relaxation of the oute…
Moves swallowed food to stomach
-upper 1/3 is voluntary... -lower 2/3 in involuntary
Functions of the GI tract
digestion, absorption, and excretion
What is peristalsis?
Coordinated sequential contraction and relaxation of the oute…
264 terms
Cardiac System-Nursing Pathophysiology Exam 2
What is the function of the hematologi…
What is the composition of blood?
How much circulating blood volume do w…
What are the cellular components of bl…
Delivery of substances needed for cellular metabolism, remova…
90% water 10% solutes
6 quarts
Plasma proteins, leukocytes, erythrocytes and platelets
What is the function of the hematologi…
Delivery of substances needed for cellular metabolism, remova…
What is the composition of blood?
90% water 10% solutes
27 terms
Nursing 1150 Pathophysiology Chapter p. 543-546
four primary acid-base
Acidosis
alkalosis
acidemia
metabolic acidosis, respiratory acidosis, metabolic alkalosis…
presence of a condition that tends to decrease the pH of the…
presence of any factor that tends to increase the pH of the b…
if blood pH actually is decreased
four primary acid-base
metabolic acidosis, respiratory acidosis, metabolic alkalosis…
Acidosis
presence of a condition that tends to decrease the pH of the…
249 terms
Pathophysiology Exam #1 - Prof. Sweet - OUZ Nursing
Cellular Functions include:
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
What are the three general components…
1. Movement (muscles, lungs)... 2. Conductivity (Neurons - need…
1. Have no nuclear membrane... 2. No organelles... 3. Single, circu…
1. True nucleous/Good nucleus/well defined nucleus... 2. Complex…
1. Plasma membrane... 2. Cytoplasm... 3. Intracellular organelles
Cellular Functions include:
1. Movement (muscles, lungs)... 2. Conductivity (Neurons - need…
Prokaryotes
1. Have no nuclear membrane... 2. No organelles... 3. Single, circu…
19 terms
Nursing 1150 Pathophysiology Chapter p. 523-534
fluid imbalances
extracellular fluid volume (ECV) imbal…
ECV deficit
causes of ECV deficit
when fluid homeostasis is disturbed by pathophysiologic proce…
involves a change in the volume of extracellular fluid. terme…
caused by the removal of sodium-containing fluid from the bod…
involve remocal of a sodium-containing fluid from the extrace…
fluid imbalances
when fluid homeostasis is disturbed by pathophysiologic proce…
extracellular fluid volume (ECV) imbal…
involves a change in the volume of extracellular fluid. terme…
Goli Khandan Alai Arrest of Info - Nursing Pathophysiology
Manifestations
Hypertrophy
Apoptosis
Acute
clinical evidence or effects. Signs and symptoms of disease
increased size of an organ or muscle due to an increased size…
Normal programmed cell death in tissues
Rapid onset, severe and sudden
Manifestations
clinical evidence or effects. Signs and symptoms of disease
Hypertrophy
increased size of an organ or muscle due to an increased size…
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