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Study sets matching "nursing pharmacology"

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Study sets matching "nursing pharmacology"

17 terms
Pharmacology (nursing)
List the opioids
List the NSAIDs
List your drugs for sleep
List you drugs for arthritis
Morphine... Tramadol
Aspirin (NSAID)... Ibuprofen (NSIAD)... Naproxen (NSAID)... Celecoxib…
Zolpidem (Benzo-like)... Trazolam (Benzo) ... Ramelteon (Meletonin)
Celecoxib (NSAID, COX-2)... Methotrexate (All sorts of crazy shi…
List the opioids
Morphine... Tramadol
List the NSAIDs
Aspirin (NSAID)... Ibuprofen (NSIAD)... Naproxen (NSAID)... Celecoxib…
92 terms
Nursing Pharmacology
Absorption
Affinity
blood-brain barrier
diffusion
the process by which drug molecules move from their site of a…
the ability of some tissues to attract, accumulate and store…
Blood vessels (capillaries) that selectively let certain subs…
process by which molecules tend to move from an area where th…
Absorption
the process by which drug molecules move from their site of a…
Affinity
the ability of some tissues to attract, accumulate and store…
50 terms
Nursing Pharmacology
Alpha 1 and Alpha 2
Beta 1 and Beta 2
Agonist versus Antagonist or Blockers
Sympathetic Nervous System and Para Sy…
Alpha 1 = VasoConstriction, while Alpha 2 = VasoDilation. Mne…
Beta 1 = Increased Heart Rate, while Beta 2 = Bronchodilation…
Agonist = Increased Effects, while Antagonists or Blockers =…
SNS = All UP except G.I. and G.U.... PNS = All DOWN except G.I.…
Alpha 1 and Alpha 2
Alpha 1 = VasoConstriction, while Alpha 2 = VasoDilation. Mne…
Beta 1 and Beta 2
Beta 1 = Increased Heart Rate, while Beta 2 = Bronchodilation…
167 terms
pharmacology in nursing
pharmacologic
therapeutic
chemical
chemical name
grouped according to their psychologic activities and mechani…
classified according to their therapeutic uses
grouped according to chemical structure
describes drug's chemical components and molecular structure
pharmacologic
grouped according to their psychologic activities and mechani…
therapeutic
classified according to their therapeutic uses
15 terms
Nursing pharmacology
2.2 lbs.
1 gram
15 grains
1 grain
1000 gms
1000 mg
1 gram
60 mg or 65 mg
2.2 lbs.
1000 gms
1 gram
1000 mg
27 terms
Nursing Pharmacology
Three principle functions of the Auton…
Seven regulatory functions of the para…
Sympathetic nervous System Functions:
Catecholamines
1. Regulates the heart... 2. Regulates secretory glands (salivar…
1. Slowing the heart rate... 2. Increasing gastric secretions... 3.…
1. Regulation of cardiovascular system... 2. Regulation of body…
-cannot be used orally... -brief duration of action... -cannot cros…
Three principle functions of the Auton…
1. Regulates the heart... 2. Regulates secretory glands (salivar…
Seven regulatory functions of the para…
1. Slowing the heart rate... 2. Increasing gastric secretions... 3.…
69 terms
Pharmacology for Nurses
Absorption
Active transport
Affinity
Agonist
The process of moving a drug across body membranes.
A process requiring energy for the movement of molecules or i…
Chemical attraction that impels certain molecules to unite wi…
Drug that is capable of binding with receptors to induce a ce…
Absorption
The process of moving a drug across body membranes.
Active transport
A process requiring energy for the movement of molecules or i…
92 terms
Nursing Pharmacology
Absorption
Affinity
blood-brain barrier
diffusion
the process by which drug molecules move from their site of a…
the ability of some tissues to attract, accumulate and store…
Blood vessels (capillaries) that selectively let certain subs…
process by which molecules tend to move from an area where th…
Absorption
the process by which drug molecules move from their site of a…
Affinity
the ability of some tissues to attract, accumulate and store…
Pharmacology Nursing
Lidocaine
Emergency drugs to "LEAN" on
-ine
-pam
Antiarrhythmic use as a second-line agent after a MI (normal…
1) L= Lidocaine: ventricular arrhythmia's, topical/local anes…
Beta-adrengeric agonists... -
Benzodiazepine
Lidocaine
Antiarrhythmic use as a second-line agent after a MI (normal…
Emergency drugs to "LEAN" on
1) L= Lidocaine: ventricular arrhythmia's, topical/local anes…
50 terms
Nursing Pharmacology
Alpha 1 and Alpha 2
Beta 1 and Beta 2
Agonist versus Antagonist or Blockers
Sympathetic Nervous System and Para Sy…
Alpha 1 = VasoConstriction, while Alpha 2 = VasoDilation. Mne…
Beta 1 = Increased Heart Rate, while Beta 2 = Bronchodilation…
Agonist = Increased Effects, while Antagonists or Blockers =…
SNS = All UP except G.I. and G.U.... PNS = All DOWN except G.I.…
Alpha 1 and Alpha 2
Alpha 1 = VasoConstriction, while Alpha 2 = VasoDilation. Mne…
Beta 1 and Beta 2
Beta 1 = Increased Heart Rate, while Beta 2 = Bronchodilation…
92 terms
Nursing Pharmacology
Absorption
Affinity
blood-brain barrier
diffusion
the process by which drug molecules move from their site of a…
the ability of some tissues to attract, accumulate and store…
Blood vessels (capillaries) that selectively let certain subs…
process by which molecules tend to move from an area where th…
Absorption
the process by which drug molecules move from their site of a…
Affinity
the ability of some tissues to attract, accumulate and store…
26 terms
Nursing Pharmacology
Rosiglitazone (Avandia)
Doxycylince (Vibramycin) SE?
Ethambutol indications; se?
rafampin indications; se?
For Type 2 diabetes... SE: swollen ankles, fluid retention, HF
photosensitivity ... discoloration of teeth(only neonates)
Active tb... optic neuritis (loss of red/green color discriminat…
Active tb... orange-red urine and bodily secretions(harmless)... he…
Rosiglitazone (Avandia)
For Type 2 diabetes... SE: swollen ankles, fluid retention, HF
Doxycylince (Vibramycin) SE?
photosensitivity ... discoloration of teeth(only neonates)
20 terms
Nursing Pharmacology
What drugs are sulfonamides?
Indications of Sulfonamides
Adverse effects of sulfonamides
What drugs are penicillins?
Sulfadiazine... Sulfasalazine... Co-trimoxazole
UTI's, otitis media, bronchitis, STD's
Nausea, Hematuria, Bone Marrow Suppression, Stevens-Johnson S…
ampicillin... amoxicillin... penicillin G
What drugs are sulfonamides?
Sulfadiazine... Sulfasalazine... Co-trimoxazole
Indications of Sulfonamides
UTI's, otitis media, bronchitis, STD's
85 terms
Pharmacology Nursing
Enoxaparin Normal Dose Range
Metoprolol Normal Dose Range
Quinapril Normal Dose Range
Warfarin Normal Dose Range
1 mg/kg subQ q12h for 2-8 days
25-100 mg PO QD initially, then increase every 7 days PRN up…
10-20 mg PO initial; 80 mg PO maintenance
2.5-5 mg PO & IV QD, then adjust per PT/INR
Enoxaparin Normal Dose Range
1 mg/kg subQ q12h for 2-8 days
Metoprolol Normal Dose Range
25-100 mg PO QD initially, then increase every 7 days PRN up…
60 terms
Nursing Pharmacology
albuterol
aminophylline
combivent inhaler
cromolyn
Class: bronchodilator (beta agonist), sympathomimetic... MoA: ac…
Class: methylxanthine... MoA: cause bronchodilation and diuresis…
*ipratropium and albuterol ... Class: anticholinergic... MoA: block…
Class: Anti-inflammatory, alternative to corticosteroids, mas…
albuterol
Class: bronchodilator (beta agonist), sympathomimetic... MoA: ac…
aminophylline
Class: methylxanthine... MoA: cause bronchodilation and diuresis…
198 terms
Nursing-Pharmacology
Implementation/ Admin Medication Factors
Carcinogenic effect
Tetratogenicity
Factors Absorption of Drugs
What route... What time of day... Give with meals/empty stomach ... mi…
has ability to cause cancer ... after person has been on that dr…
ability of drug to cause abnormalities in fetal development…
blood flow to area ... integrity of the lining of respiratory pa…
Implementation/ Admin Medication Factors
What route... What time of day... Give with meals/empty stomach ... mi…
Carcinogenic effect
has ability to cause cancer ... after person has been on that dr…
65 terms
Nursing Pharmacology
Classification: Antitussive, Opioid An…
Nursing implications: Assess BP, pulse…
Action: Bind to opiate receptors in th…
Side effects: Respiratory depression,…
Hydrocodone
Hydrocodone
Hydrocodone
Hydrocodone
Classification: Antitussive, Opioid An…
Hydrocodone
Nursing implications: Assess BP, pulse…
Hydrocodone
65 terms
Nursing Pharmacology
Drug
Pharmacology
Clinical Pharmacology
Pharmacotherapeutics
Any chemical that affects living processes
The study of drugs and their interactions with living systems
The study of drugs in humans
The use of drugs to diagnose, prevent, or treat disease or to…
Drug
Any chemical that affects living processes
Pharmacology
The study of drugs and their interactions with living systems
78 terms
Pharmacology for Nursing
Tetracycline (-cycline)
Tetracycline implications
Tetracycline adverse effects
Ketolide
from cultures of streptomyces. Bacteriostatic. Wide spectrum…
do not use with dairy, antacids, and iron. Reduces their abso…
superinfection, colitis, diarrhea. Rash, vaginal candidiasis.…
Telithromycin (KETEK). Better than macrolides. Gram positive.…
Tetracycline (-cycline)
from cultures of streptomyces. Bacteriostatic. Wide spectrum…
Tetracycline implications
do not use with dairy, antacids, and iron. Reduces their abso…
58 terms
Nursing Pharmacology
Side effects of Acetaminophen
Acetaminophen Poisoning
Carbamazepine
Carbamazepine is used to treat what?
Red, peeling or blistering skin; rash; hives; itching; swelli…
Weak pulse, hypothermia and decreased urine output.
an anticonvulsant that works by decreasing nerve impulses tha…
seizures, nerve pain and even bipolar disorder.
Side effects of Acetaminophen
Red, peeling or blistering skin; rash; hives; itching; swelli…
Acetaminophen Poisoning
Weak pulse, hypothermia and decreased urine output.
15 terms
Nursing pharmacology
2.2 lbs.
1 gram
15 grains
1 grain
1000 gms
1000 mg
1 gram
60 mg or 65 mg
2.2 lbs.
1000 gms
1 gram
1000 mg
98 terms
Nursing Pharmacology
Opioids
Examples of Opioids
Naloxone (Narcan)
Methadone (Dolophine)
Schedule 2... Reduces pain... Suppresses cough... Depresses CNS
Naloxone (Narcan)... Methadone (Dolophine)... Codeine... Dilaudid (hyd…
Antidote for respiratory depression... Acts in minutes... Short dur…
Used for detox and maintenance tx of opiate addicts
Opioids
Schedule 2... Reduces pain... Suppresses cough... Depresses CNS
Examples of Opioids
Naloxone (Narcan)... Methadone (Dolophine)... Codeine... Dilaudid (hyd…
23 terms
Nursing Pharmacology
3 Areas of Pharmacology
Pharmacokinetics is
Pharmacodynamics is
Pharmacotherapeutics is
1. Pharmacokinetics 2. Pharmacodynamics 3. Pharmacotherapeutics
the study of how drugs are absorbed, distributed, metabolized…
the study of how drugs are used by the body. For example, pha…
the study of how the client responds to the drug. A client mi…
3 Areas of Pharmacology
1. Pharmacokinetics 2. Pharmacodynamics 3. Pharmacotherapeutics
Pharmacokinetics is
the study of how drugs are absorbed, distributed, metabolized…
165 terms
Pharmacology nursing
amphotercin B- Polyene... Antifungals
caspofungin(Cancidas)- Echinocandin... A…
fluconazole(Diflucan)- Azole... Antifung…
griseofulvin(Grifulvin V,Gris-PEG)... An…
MOA: pore, cell lysis... Indication: Systemic fungal infecitons…
MOA: Inhibits glucan synthase = no cell wall. ... Indication: s…
MOA: inhibit 14a demthylase; lanosterol -x> ergosterol... Indic…
MOA: keratin = prevents the fungi from utilizing... Indication:…
amphotercin B- Polyene... Antifungals
MOA: pore, cell lysis... Indication: Systemic fungal infecitons…
caspofungin(Cancidas)- Echinocandin... A…
MOA: Inhibits glucan synthase = no cell wall. ... Indication: s…
40 terms
Nursing Pharmacology
Antipyretic definition
Salicylates... Prototype... Mechanism of Act…
Salicylates pharmacokinetics
Salicylates counterindications and cau…
blocking fever, often by direct effects on the thermoregulato…
(Asprin) ... Inhibit synthesis of prostaglandin... - blocking prost…
Absorbed quickly in the stomach reaching peak levels 5-30 min…
- allergies to salicylates and NSAIDs... - bleeding abnormalitie…
Antipyretic definition
blocking fever, often by direct effects on the thermoregulato…
Salicylates... Prototype... Mechanism of Act…
(Asprin) ... Inhibit synthesis of prostaglandin... - blocking prost…
44 terms
Pharmacology Nursing
Ascorbic Acid
Celecoxib(Celebrex)
Docusate
Famotidine
Used for Urinary Acidification, Macular Degeneration(gradual…
Non steroidal anti-inflammatory NSAID, used mainly to treat p…
Stool softener
Used to treat Dudenal ulcer
Ascorbic Acid
Used for Urinary Acidification, Macular Degeneration(gradual…
Celecoxib(Celebrex)
Non steroidal anti-inflammatory NSAID, used mainly to treat p…
98 terms
Nursing Pharmacology
After teaching a group of students abo…
A patient is receiving carbamazepine t…
The patient has been taking phenobarbi…
When reviewing the results of a patien…
Fosphenytoin
14 mcg/mL
The patient has developed a drug tolerance for phenobarbital.
22 mcg/mL
After teaching a group of students abo…
Fosphenytoin
A patient is receiving carbamazepine t…
14 mcg/mL
44 terms
Nursing Pharmacology
Routes of administration-oral
Routes of administration-intravenous (…
Routes of administration-intramuscular…
Routes of administration-intrathecal
Capsule, tablet, liquid; absorbed in GI tract
Injection into bloodstream via vein
Injection into muscle; can use large doses; fast systemic act…
Injection into spinal canal; affects spinal fluid
Routes of administration-oral
Capsule, tablet, liquid; absorbed in GI tract
Routes of administration-intravenous (…
Injection into bloodstream via vein
27 terms
Nursing Pharmacology
A patient is recieving ganciclovir for…
After reviewing the drugs used to trea…
A patient is recieving tenomovir as pa…
A patient with AIDS develops the CMV r…
60 minutes
Foscarnet
Changes in the body fat distribution
21 Days
A patient is recieving ganciclovir for…
60 minutes
After reviewing the drugs used to trea…
Foscarnet
285 terms
Pharmacology in nursing
Bulk Forming Laxative is:
What is: Methycellulose (Citruel/Uni-f…
Antidiarrheals are:
What is: Loperamide (Imodium)
absorb liquid in the intestines and swell to form a soft, bul…
A Bulk forming Laxative
An anti-diarrheal drug is any medication which provides sympt…
An Antidiarrheal
Bulk Forming Laxative is:
absorb liquid in the intestines and swell to form a soft, bul…
What is: Methycellulose (Citruel/Uni-f…
A Bulk forming Laxative
129 terms
Pharmacology for Nursing
Drag:
The chemical name:
The generic name: nonproprietary
The trade name: or proprietary name
Any chemical that affects the physiologic processes of a livi…
describes the chemical composition and molecular structure.
or nonproprietary name, is shorter and simpler.
the drug's registered trademark; commercial use is restricted…
Drag:
Any chemical that affects the physiologic processes of a livi…
The chemical name:
describes the chemical composition and molecular structure.
69 terms
Pharmacology for Nurses
Absorption
Active transport
Affinity
Agonist
The process of moving a drug across body membranes.
A process requiring energy for the movement of molecules or i…
Chemical attraction that impels certain molecules to unite wi…
Drug that is capable of binding with receptors to induce a ce…
Absorption
The process of moving a drug across body membranes.
Active transport
A process requiring energy for the movement of molecules or i…
Nursing Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Drug
Indication
Polypharmacy
The study of drugs and their affect the body
Chemical substance that produces a biological effect/response
A substance that is administered for the specific treatment o…
Current use of multiple medications
Pharmacology
The study of drugs and their affect the body
Drug
Chemical substance that produces a biological effect/response
62 terms
TWU Nursing Pharmacology Final
What is primary open angle glaucoma (P…
Which drugs would be contraindicated f…
How would you prevent systemic effects…
True/False: You can put another eye dr…
-Most common type of glaucoma (90%)... -Leading cause of blindne…
Sympathetic (adrenergic, anti-cholinergic) drugs because they…
Put pressure on lacrimal sac for 1-2 mins after installation
False: Should wait at least 5 mins between eye drops
What is primary open angle glaucoma (P…
-Most common type of glaucoma (90%)... -Leading cause of blindne…
Which drugs would be contraindicated f…
Sympathetic (adrenergic, anti-cholinergic) drugs because they…
71 terms
Pharmacology for Nursing
Drug
Effectiveness
Selectivity
Additional properties of an ideal drug
any chemical that can affect living processes
most important property of ideal drug, produces response for…
property of ideal drug, produces only response for which it w…
reversibe action, predictability, ease of admin, freedom from…
Drug
any chemical that can affect living processes
Effectiveness
most important property of ideal drug, produces response for…
108 terms
Pharmacology: Introduction to Nursing Pharmacology
Pharmaceutic Phase
No Pharmaceutic Phase When..
Disintegration
Dissolution
drug becomes a solution so that it can cross the biological m…
it is administered by SubQ, IV, and IM routes
breakdown of a tablet to smaller particles
dissolve small particles in GI fluid before absorption; absor…
Pharmaceutic Phase
drug becomes a solution so that it can cross the biological m…
No Pharmaceutic Phase When..
it is administered by SubQ, IV, and IM routes
130 terms
Pharmacology for nurses
Pharmacology
Drug
Natural drug sources
Synthetic drug sources example
Study of the interactions BTW drugs and the body
Any substance capable of altering a living system
1) plants 2) animals ex: cattle Thyroxine 3) microorganisms 4…
Albuterol
Pharmacology
Study of the interactions BTW drugs and the body
Drug
Any substance capable of altering a living system
73 terms
Pharmacology for Nurses
Absorption
Active transport
Affinity
Agonist
The process of moving a drug across body membranes.
...
Chemical attraction that impels certain molecules to unite wi…
Drug that is capable of binding with receptors to induce a ce…
Absorption
The process of moving a drug across body membranes.
Active transport
...
18 terms
Pharmacological Nursing
Half-life
Pharmacokinetics
Kinds of absorption of a drug
distribution of a drug
time it takes for drug to decrease in amount by half
study of absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion of a…
Intravenous, subcutaneous, transdermal, oral, inhalation
the transportation of a drug from its site of absorption to i…
Half-life
time it takes for drug to decrease in amount by half
Pharmacokinetics
study of absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion of a…
13 terms
Pharmacology in Nursing
Define selected terms related to the a…
by mouth
held under the tongue
held against the cheek
oral... sublingual ... buccal/transmucosal... enteral ... topical... parental
Oral
sublingual
buccal/transmucosal
Define selected terms related to the a…
oral... sublingual ... buccal/transmucosal... enteral ... topical... parental
by mouth
Oral
78 terms
Pharmacology for Nursing
Tetracycline (-cycline)
Tetracycline implications
Tetracycline adverse effects
Ketolide
from cultures of streptomyces. Bacteriostatic. Wide spectrum…
do not use with dairy, antacids, and iron. Reduces their abso…
superinfection, colitis, diarrhea. Rash, vaginal candidiasis.…
Telithromycin (KETEK). Better than macrolides. Gram positive.…
Tetracycline (-cycline)
from cultures of streptomyces. Bacteriostatic. Wide spectrum…
Tetracycline implications
do not use with dairy, antacids, and iron. Reduces their abso…
36 terms
Pharmacology for Nursing
Tetracycline (-cycline)
Tetracycline implications
Tetracycline adverse effects
Aminoglycocides
from cultures of streptomyces. Bacteriostatic. Wide spectrum…
do not use with dairy, antacids, and iron. Reduces their abso…
superinfection, colitis, diarrhea. Rash, vaginal candidiasis.…
Geramycin, Neo-frodin, Nebcin, Amikin. Made from streptomyces…
Tetracycline (-cycline)
from cultures of streptomyces. Bacteriostatic. Wide spectrum…
Tetracycline implications
do not use with dairy, antacids, and iron. Reduces their abso…
285 terms
Pharmacology in nursing
Bulk Forming Laxative is:
What is: Methycellulose (Citruel/Uni-f…
Antidiarrheals are:
What is: Loperamide (Imodium)
absorb liquid in the intestines and swell to form a soft, bul…
A Bulk forming Laxative
An anti-diarrheal drug is any medication which provides sympt…
An Antidiarrheal
Bulk Forming Laxative is:
absorb liquid in the intestines and swell to form a soft, bul…
What is: Methycellulose (Citruel/Uni-f…
A Bulk forming Laxative
43 terms
Nursing Pharmacology
The parasympathetic nervous system is…
When cholinergic drugs are administere…
The following assessment is directly r…
Anitcholinergics can be used as a urin…
True
Bronchoconstriction
Constricted Pupils
True
The parasympathetic nervous system is…
True
When cholinergic drugs are administere…
Bronchoconstriction
41 terms
Pharmacology in Nursing
Pharmacology
Multi-system Pharmacology
Pharmacokinetics
Absorption
The study of drugs and their origin, nature, properties, and…
The concept of a physical or psychological aspect that affect…
What the body does to the drug... Absorption, Distribution, Meta…
Time required for medications introduced in body to reach gen…
Pharmacology
The study of drugs and their origin, nature, properties, and…
Multi-system Pharmacology
The concept of a physical or psychological aspect that affect…
125 terms
Pharmacology for Nurses
A 55-year-old female client is receivi…
Which of the following statements by a…
The nurse is evaluating drug effects i…
The nurse would question an order for…
infection
"I will take my cyclosporine at breakfast with a glass of gra…
Flulike symptoms of fever, chills, or fatigue
1, 2, 4
A 55-year-old female client is receivi…
infection
Which of the following statements by a…
"I will take my cyclosporine at breakfast with a glass of gra…
121 terms
Nursing Pharmacology Final Exam
Drug
Pharmacology
Clinical Pharmacology
Pharmacotherapeutics
any chemical that affects living processes
the study of drugs and their effects on living processes (pla…
the study of drugs in HUMANS
the use of drugs to diagnose, prevent, and treat illnesses as…
Drug
any chemical that affects living processes
Pharmacology
the study of drugs and their effects on living processes (pla…
55 terms
Nursing 203 Pharmacology
Morphine
Beta Blockers
Calcium Channel Blockers
Vasopressors
drug of choice for MI, to relieve SOB w/ heart failure/pul. e…
"olol"- strengthens heart by decreasing conduction time btw S…
"very nice drugs", end in "dipine", prevents movement of Calc…
vasoconstrictors that increase BP/HR, Dopamine- first drug of…
Morphine
drug of choice for MI, to relieve SOB w/ heart failure/pul. e…
Beta Blockers
"olol"- strengthens heart by decreasing conduction time btw S…
18 terms
Pharmacology for Nurses
CHAPT 8... A 16-year-old adolescent is 6…
To reduce the effect of a prescribed m…
An older adult patient has arthritis i…
A nurse is administering a liquid medi…
"Accutane is known to cause birth defects and should never be…
Immediately after breast-feeding
"I care for my 2-year-old grandson twice a week."
4. Sit the child up, hold the medicine cup to her lips, and k…
CHAPT 8... A 16-year-old adolescent is 6…
"Accutane is known to cause birth defects and should never be…
To reduce the effect of a prescribed m…
Immediately after breast-feeding
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