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Study sets matching "nutrion exam 1"

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Study sets matching "nutrion exam 1"

9 terms
Nutrion Exam 1
DRI
Estimated Avg requirement
Recommended Dietary allowance (RDA)
Adequate intakes
Dietary reference intake is a set of values for the dietary n…
amount of a nutrient that will maintain a specific biochem or…
the avg amount of a nutrient considered adequate to meet the…
the avg amount of a nutrient that appears sufficient to maint…
DRI
Dietary reference intake is a set of values for the dietary n…
Estimated Avg requirement
amount of a nutrient that will maintain a specific biochem or…
157 terms
Nutrion Exam 1
Nutrients
Kilocalories
Metabolism
Nutrition
Compounds in foods that sustain your body processes. Provide…
measurement of energy in foods (calories)
the numerous reactions that occur within the cell. Calories i…
the science that studies how the nutrients and compounds in f…
Nutrients
Compounds in foods that sustain your body processes. Provide…
Kilocalories
measurement of energy in foods (calories)
49 terms
Nutrion Exam 1
The partial negative charge at one end…
Solute molecules can be moved at no en…
Which looks at more studies on a nutri…
In an exergonic reaction, the reactant…
A hydrogen bond is much weaker than a covalent bond
By diffusion
Meta-analysis/systematic review
more energy
The partial negative charge at one end…
A hydrogen bond is much weaker than a covalent bond
Solute molecules can be moved at no en…
By diffusion
53 terms
nutrion exam 1
wellness
essential nutrients-
Macronutrient
micronutrients
a lifestyle (pattern of behaviors) that enhances our level of…
nutrients that the body cannot make; must be supplied by food…
needed in large amounts- energy-giving caloric components of…
needed in small amounts but essential for good health-include…
wellness
a lifestyle (pattern of behaviors) that enhances our level of…
essential nutrients-
nutrients that the body cannot make; must be supplied by food…
73 terms
Clinical Nutrion Exam 1
Adaptogen
Astringent
Bitter tonic
Carminative
Something that purports to strengthen the immune system
Contracts or shrinks tissues; used to control bleeding
Stimulate flow of saliva and gastric juices
Decreases gas creation and expels gas that is already there (…
Adaptogen
Something that purports to strengthen the immune system
Astringent
Contracts or shrinks tissues; used to control bleeding
38 terms
Animal Nutrion Exam 1
1910's & 20's
1930's
late 1700's
1950's
experiments conducted which opened the vitamin era
early amino acid research at the University of Illinois
energy (heat) derived from the oxidation of food
antibiotics, nonnutritive growth stimulants
1910's & 20's
experiments conducted which opened the vitamin era
1930's
early amino acid research at the University of Illinois
32 terms
Nutrion Exam 1 Part Two
Anus
Bolus
Duodenum
Epiglottis
The terminal outlet of the GI tract.
A mouthful of food that has been chewed.
The top portion of the small intestine.
Cartilage in the throat that guards the entrance to the trach…
Anus
The terminal outlet of the GI tract.
Bolus
A mouthful of food that has been chewed.
235 terms
Biology 323 Exam 1- Nutrion
The nutrients standards in use today i…
The nutrients fall into ______________…
Which of the following values is found…
In nutrition, the word essential means:
Daily Minimum Requirement (DMR)
Six
Daily Values
a necessary nutrient that can be obtained only from the diet.
The nutrients standards in use today i…
Daily Minimum Requirement (DMR)
The nutrients fall into ______________…
Six
31 terms
Nutrion chapter 1
weight gain factors
Energy nutrient
Macronutrient
Metabolic rate
total kilocalories in and out ... 3500= 1 pounds
energy means ability to work... are biochemical subtances from o…
are energy providing nutrients neede in large amount... WATER... Pr…
The body decreases the metabolic rate when calorie intake dec…
weight gain factors
total kilocalories in and out ... 3500= 1 pounds
Energy nutrient
energy means ability to work... are biochemical subtances from o…
87 terms
Nutrion 241 Exam 1 Study Guide
How did the study of nutrition come ab…
How did the focus change over time and…
What is Nutrition science?
What are diseases that nutrition plays…
When researchers began to make the link between diet and illn…
After WWII, there was a demand for higher living standards so…
The study of how food nourishes our bodies and influences our…
Cardiovascular disease, Type II diabetes, Obesity and High Bl…
How did the study of nutrition come ab…
When researchers began to make the link between diet and illn…
How did the focus change over time and…
After WWII, there was a demand for higher living standards so…
50 terms
Nutrion Test 1
Fats
Protein
Carbohydrates
Vitamins (organic) and Minerals (inorg…
fuel source, insulation, cushion to protect organs
-Energy source... -used in building/maintaining tissue organs an…
-Energy source... -Provide simple sugar... -Most of daily calories…
-Essential for metabolism... -Assits enzymes and speeds up react…
Fats
fuel source, insulation, cushion to protect organs
Protein
-Energy source... -used in building/maintaining tissue organs an…
125 terms
Nutrion Test 1
Poor diet is associated with what 4 le…
What helps reduce the risks of heart d…
Over the past __ years we eat more ___…
White bread, corn chips, and pasta are…
Stroke ... Certain types of Cancers ... Heart disease ... Type 2 diabe…
Well adequate diet and regular exercise
40 years... Grains and Cereal
Refined grains
Poor diet is associated with what 4 le…
Stroke ... Certain types of Cancers ... Heart disease ... Type 2 diabe…
What helps reduce the risks of heart d…
Well adequate diet and regular exercise
11 terms
Nutrion Midterm 1
what enzyme do enterocytes produce?
What does enteropeptidase do?
Trypsinogen/trypsin, chymotrypsinogen/…
Proteases have a __ activity cutting a…
enteropeptidase
Cleaves trypsinogen into trypsin
T-ogen is cleaved into trypsin by enteropeptidase. Trypsin is…
Low; hydrophobic; aromatic; proline; carboxy
what enzyme do enterocytes produce?
enteropeptidase
What does enteropeptidase do?
Cleaves trypsinogen into trypsin
78 terms
Nutrion test 1
side chains of amino acids
long strands of amino acids
essential amino acids
quality of protein
make the amino acids differ in size, shape, and electrical ch…
form large protein molecules
9 of 20, the body cannot make these
High quality- contains all 9 essential AA... Low quality- defici…
side chains of amino acids
make the amino acids differ in size, shape, and electrical ch…
long strands of amino acids
form large protein molecules
21 terms
Nutrion unit 1
First comedian on the first day of class
what was the food on first day of class
daily recommended calorie amount
1 gram of fiber per how many calories
jerry seinfield
poptart
2000 calories
100
First comedian on the first day of class
jerry seinfield
what was the food on first day of class
poptart
25 terms
17.1 Nutrion and Longevity
maximum number of years of life attain…
average number of years lived by peopl…
a person's age in years from his/her d…
a person's age as estimated from his/h…
Life span
Life expectancy
Chronological age
Physiological age
maximum number of years of life attain…
Life span
average number of years lived by peopl…
Life expectancy
43 terms
Nutrion Test #1
1 Inch
1 Tablespoon
1 Cup
1 Quart
2.54 cm
3 Teaspoons
8 fl oz or 16 tablespoons
4 Cups
1 Inch
2.54 cm
1 Tablespoon
3 Teaspoons
30 terms
Nutrion 108 Exam 1 Chapter 2
Mouth
Stomach
Small intestine
Large intestine
break down food... chewing and mixing... secretion of saliva... Start…
Physically turns food... secretes acid, secretes protein digest…
major site of digestion and absorption ... Duodenum - first sect…
remainder of absorption occurs... anything not absorbed is excre…
Mouth
break down food... chewing and mixing... secretion of saliva... Start…
Stomach
Physically turns food... secretes acid, secretes protein digest…
35 terms
Nutrion- ch1
chronic diseases
wellness
osteoperosis
Chronic disease and health
disease persist for years despite treatment
combination of physical, emotional, and spiritual health
brittle bones
better nutrition=better health
chronic diseases
disease persist for years despite treatment
wellness
combination of physical, emotional, and spiritual health
69 terms
Nutrion test #1
health
healthy diet
nutrient density
calories per gram
absence of disease
minimize the risk of getting a disease or disorder
good nutrients per calorie
caloric density
health
absence of disease
healthy diet
minimize the risk of getting a disease or disorder
17 terms
Basic Nutrion Quiz 1
What are Macro Nutrients?
What Are Examples of Macro Nutrients?
What are Micro Nutrients?
What are examples of Micro Nutrients?
Contains calories; fuel nutrients
Proteins, carbohydrates, fats
Nutrients for maintenance and good health; do NOT contain cal…
Water, Vitamins, Minerals, Dietary fibers
What are Macro Nutrients?
Contains calories; fuel nutrients
What Are Examples of Macro Nutrients?
Proteins, carbohydrates, fats
143 terms
Unit 1: Intro to Nutrion
Nutrition
Nutrient
Antoine Lavoisier
Dr. James Lind
Process in which food or feed is taken in and absorbed into t…
Any chemical element or compound that is required for normal…
Father of Nutrition 1700's... -brilliant work in chemistry... Desig…
Surgeon in the British royal navy... Est. superiority of citrus…
Nutrition
Process in which food or feed is taken in and absorbed into t…
Nutrient
Any chemical element or compound that is required for normal…
9 terms
Nutrion Week 1
Knowledege of nutriton can help to pro…
These commands were given to benefit t…
Most food advertisements are for nutri…
Advertisements are usually created to…
Advertising
Health
Deficient
*1: Seller... *2: Consumer
Knowledege of nutriton can help to pro…
Advertising
These commands were given to benefit t…
Health
36 terms
nutrion test 3 #1
Define enrichment
Define fortification
General overview: where are fat-solubl…
General overview: where are water-solu…
adding back some vitamins and minerals lost during milling
adding vitamins and minerals beyond what is naturally in the…
in liver or fat
via the urine
Define enrichment
adding back some vitamins and minerals lost during milling
Define fortification
adding vitamins and minerals beyond what is naturally in the…
21 terms
Nutrion 200 Quiz 1
Organic nutrients/What does it mean to…
Inorganic nutrients
Essential Nutrients
Vitamin characteristics
Protein, carbs, lipids and vitamins/ Carbon containing
Water and minerals
Must come from food (Body doesn't produce it)
Facilitates energy, vulnerable to destruction
Organic nutrients/What does it mean to…
Protein, carbs, lipids and vitamins/ Carbon containing
Inorganic nutrients
Water and minerals
88 terms
Nutrion - Gropper Lecture 3 Study Guide (Exam 1) Carbohydrates
4 classifications of carbohydrates
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Oligosaccharide
- Monosaccharide... - Disaccharide ... - Oligosaccharide ... - Polysac…
- Glucose, Galactose, Fructose... - simple carb ... - composed of c…
-Maltose, Sucrose, Lactose ... - made up of 2 sugars... - simple carb
- Dextrin, FIbers, Limit Dextrin ... - complex carbs (3-10 sugars)
4 classifications of carbohydrates
- Monosaccharide... - Disaccharide ... - Oligosaccharide ... - Polysac…
Monosaccharide
- Glucose, Galactose, Fructose... - simple carb ... - composed of c…
140 terms
Nutrional Biochemistry quiz 1
name 3 major groups of carbohydrates
give 2 examples of each carbohydrate g…
Which monosaccharide has a slower rate…
The digestion of disaccharides occurs…
monosaccharides, disaccharides or oligosaccharides and polysa…
monosaccharides - fructose, galactose, glucose... disaccharides…
fructose
Upper small intestine
name 3 major groups of carbohydrates
monosaccharides, disaccharides or oligosaccharides and polysa…
give 2 examples of each carbohydrate g…
monosaccharides - fructose, galactose, glucose... disaccharides…
50 terms
Nutrion test set #1 (lecture)
health
healthy diet
nutrient density
calories per gram
absence of disease
minimize the risk of getting a disease or disorder
good nutrients per calorie
caloric density
health
absence of disease
healthy diet
minimize the risk of getting a disease or disorder
56 terms
Nutrion Final (Exams 1 & 2)
Diet Planning
Fruit Daily Rec. (2000kcal)
Vegetables Daily Rec. (2000kcal)
Grains Daily Rec. (2000kcal)
Adequacy, Balance, Kcalorie (energy) control, Nutrient densit…
2 cups
2.5 cups
6oz
Diet Planning
Adequacy, Balance, Kcalorie (energy) control, Nutrient densit…
Fruit Daily Rec. (2000kcal)
2 cups
90 terms
Nutrion exam # 3 Part 1
vitamin
Fat- Soluble Vitamins (list)
Fat- Soluble Vitamins found in ...
B vitamines (list)
a micronutrient... regulates the process of your body... not made…
Vitamin ... A... D... E... K
fats, oils, and fatty proteins
Thiamin ... Riboflavin ... niacin ... Vitamin B-6... Pantothenic acid ... fo…
vitamin
a micronutrient... regulates the process of your body... not made…
Fat- Soluble Vitamins (list)
Vitamin ... A... D... E... K
21 terms
Nutrion and You Quizzes 1-4
micronutrients
registered dietician nutritionist
Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA)
macronutrients
vitamins,minerals
professionals has had the most training in nutrition?
based on the estimated intake level for nearly all people in…
protiens, fat, carbohydrates
micronutrients
vitamins,minerals
registered dietician nutritionist
professionals has had the most training in nutrition?
KINE 460 Nutrion Test 1
Where are the locations of diets of th…
4 Factors that Influence our diets?
French vs American Diets
5 Steps of the Scientific Method?
1)Okinowa, Japan... 2)Sardinia, Italy... 3)Lomo, Linda, CA
1)Nutrient and energy needs... 2)Availability and pricing... 3)Cult…
F:emphasis on taste/sensation from an early age... A:emphasis on…
1)Make observation... 2)Construct a hypothesis... 3)Design an exper…
Where are the locations of diets of th…
1)Okinowa, Japan... 2)Sardinia, Italy... 3)Lomo, Linda, CA
4 Factors that Influence our diets?
1)Nutrient and energy needs... 2)Availability and pricing... 3)Cult…
60 terms
Nutrion Bodzio Chapters 1-3
Functional Foods
What are the six classes of nutrients?
What are the macronutrients?
Essential nutrients are not _______.
foods that contain substances such as phytochemical, whose kn…
water, minerals, vitamins, carbohydrates, proteins, lipids
protein, fat, carbohydrate
Made in sufficient quantities in the body
Functional Foods
foods that contain substances such as phytochemical, whose kn…
What are the six classes of nutrients?
water, minerals, vitamins, carbohydrates, proteins, lipids
49 terms
Nutrion 202 Creasy Exam 1 Ch1-4
What is an example of a zoochemical?
Where can EPA be found?
Which nutrients provide energy for the…
What are macronutrients?
eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)
Fatty fish such as salmon
macronutrients
Nutrients that provide energy for the body and are required a…
What is an example of a zoochemical?
eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)
Where can EPA be found?
Fatty fish such as salmon
112 terms
nutrional practice of nursing test 1
name four functions of the colon
this term refers to pushing feces into…
the folds on the intestinal wall are c…
the epithelium of a vili is made of wh…
manufacture vitamins... absorb h20... expel feces... produce mucous
mas peristolsis
plicae circulares
columnar
name four functions of the colon
manufacture vitamins... absorb h20... expel feces... produce mucous
this term refers to pushing feces into…
mas peristolsis
212 terms
DHN 512 medical nutrion test 1
The nutrition care process(NCP) was es…
The NCP requires what four steps?
The nutrition diagnosis comes after th…
A nutrition diagnosis includes documen…
American Dietetic Association (ADA)
1. Nutrition assessment... 2. Nutrition diagnosis... 3. Nutrition i…
medical record
Problem, etiology, signs and symptoms (PES)
The nutrition care process(NCP) was es…
American Dietetic Association (ADA)
The NCP requires what four steps?
1. Nutrition assessment... 2. Nutrition diagnosis... 3. Nutrition i…
19 terms
Chapter 1 study guide : basic food and nutrions
nutriotion
technology
nutirents
Chemical
often used to refer to the effects your food choices have on…
refers to using knowledge gained through research to create n…
food supplies the body with chemicals which helps the body gr…
changes may occur in certain food when they are heated or mix…
nutriotion
often used to refer to the effects your food choices have on…
technology
refers to using knowledge gained through research to create n…
6 terms
Ch. 11.1 Metabolic Diversity and Nutrional Types
Phototrophs
Chemotrophs
Lithotrophs
Organotrophs
use light as energy source
Energy source from oxidation of chemical compounds (inorganic…
use reduced inorganic substances as electron source
extract electron from reduced organic compounds
Phototrophs
use light as energy source
Chemotrophs
Energy source from oxidation of chemical compounds (inorganic…
15 terms
Nutrion and Oral Health: Learning Objectives Lecture 1: Food and Food Functions: Designing a Healthful Diet
• Define nutrition
• Define nutrients
• Define and recognize which nutrients…
• Define and recognize which nutrients…
Process by which living things use food to obtain... nutrients f…
Substance obtained from food that the body cannot produce in…
● Water*... ● Proteins... ● Carbohydrates... ● Fats
● Minerals... ● Vitamins
• Define nutrition
Process by which living things use food to obtain... nutrients f…
• Define nutrients
Substance obtained from food that the body cannot produce in…
62 terms
Nutrion test 3
The three different Lipid groups
Adipose
Triglycerides
Saturated fats
1Triglycerides 2 Sterols 3 phospho lipids
Fatty tissues Adipose cells makes adipose tissue
1 glycerol molecule and 3 fatty acids
Full of nitrogen one or more double bond (good plant oil)
The three different Lipid groups
1Triglycerides 2 Sterols 3 phospho lipids
Adipose
Fatty tissues Adipose cells makes adipose tissue
108 terms
Nutrition Exam 1
The three macronutrients
Micronutrients consist of
Kcals/g carbs
Kcals/g lipids
carbs, lipids, proteins
minerals, vitamins
4
9
The three macronutrients
carbs, lipids, proteins
Micronutrients consist of
minerals, vitamins
nutrion
how much of your calories should be fr…
what's the % total daily calories shou…
How calories per gram does fat has
Which of the following is not a type o…
less than 10%
20 to 30 %
9
Beta Carotine
how much of your calories should be fr…
less than 10%
what's the % total daily calories shou…
20 to 30 %
20 terms
Nutrion
Added sugars
Carbohydrates
Dietary fiber
Simple carbohydrates
Sugars extracted from plants and used to sweeten foods
Nutrient that is a persons main source of energy
plant materials that are eaten but cant be digested by human…
Sugars from simple one- and two-unit structures
Added sugars
Sugars extracted from plants and used to sweeten foods
Carbohydrates
Nutrient that is a persons main source of energy
33 terms
Nutrion
Nutrition
Diet
1 kilocalorie contains
Caloric requirements depend on
biological process whereby organisms take in nutrients and as…
ood patterns; the foods a person eats
1,000 calories
Body size and composition, level of physical activity, age, a…
Nutrition
biological process whereby organisms take in nutrients and as…
Diet
ood patterns; the foods a person eats
28 terms
nutrion
Malnutrition
Insufficient:
Excessive:
Body Mass Index (BMI):
insufficient, excessive, or consumption of nutrients by an or…
long term consumption of excessive sustenance in relation to…
over consumption of sustenance in relation to the energy that…
A measure of body composition using a height to weight formula.
Malnutrition
insufficient, excessive, or consumption of nutrients by an or…
Insufficient:
long term consumption of excessive sustenance in relation to…
51 terms
Nutrion
Biology
Photosynthesis
Autotrophs
Heterothrophs
the study of life
green plants are capable of turning sunlight into glucose in…
Organisms that are able to make their own food
Oragnisms that get their energy from other organisms
Biology
the study of life
Photosynthesis
green plants are capable of turning sunlight into glucose in…
139 terms
Food Science Exam 1
US % of every discretionary dollar spe…
Chad % of $ spent on food
Ecaudor % of $ spent on food
China Trend in food
10 percent
90 percent
50
Growing middle class... rice consumption down... Protein consumptio…
US % of every discretionary dollar spe…
10 percent
Chad % of $ spent on food
90 percent
96 terms
Science of Nutrition- Exam 1
nutrition
stages of nutrition
Pellagra
Poor nutrition associated with:
the science that studies food
ingestion, digestion, absorption, transport, metabolism, excr…
Niacin deficiency (skin dermatitis)
chronic disease (ex: heart disease stroke, type 2 diabetes ob…
nutrition
the science that studies food
stages of nutrition
ingestion, digestion, absorption, transport, metabolism, excr…
81 terms
Nutrion Ch 3
Ingestion
Digestion
Absorption
Transport
the consumption of food
the breaking down of food chemically or mechanically
movement of food particles from the GI tract into the bloodst…
after the absorption takes place, we transport/move through t…
Ingestion
the consumption of food
Digestion
the breaking down of food chemically or mechanically
43 terms
Nutrion Class
Aerylamide
Curciferous
fox glove
echnicacea
carniogen found in potatoes & bread during baking/cooking cem…
cross shaped - vegetables for stronger <3 heart beat contains…
used in medication for stronger <3
relieves allergys heals wounds
Aerylamide
carniogen found in potatoes & bread during baking/cooking cem…
Curciferous
cross shaped - vegetables for stronger <3 heart beat contains…
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