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Study sets matching "nutrition and cancer"

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Study sets matching "nutrition and cancer"

125 terms
Nutrition - Cancer
How does cancer develop?
What is a carcinogen?
Antioxidants and carcinogens
Anchorage dependence
- starts with a mutation in a gene that is in charge of cell…
- something that causes cancer to develop
Antioxidants work directly against carcinogens... - we all are c…
- cells won't divide unless they are touching something
How does cancer develop?
- starts with a mutation in a gene that is in charge of cell…
What is a carcinogen?
- something that causes cancer to develop
6 terms
Nutrition and Cancer
stages of cancer
basic cancer genetics
one-carbon metabolism
reduced folates
1.) initiation... -DNA damage... 2.) promotion... -increased cell div…
-changed a.a. leads to an altered protein-> can be a bad muta…
-no folate-> can't make As or Gs, then can't make Ts or Cs... --…
-methotrexate: anti-folate drug... -5-Fluorouracil... ---> inhibit…
stages of cancer
1.) initiation... -DNA damage... 2.) promotion... -increased cell div…
basic cancer genetics
-changed a.a. leads to an altered protein-> can be a bad muta…
13 terms
Nutrition and Cancer
Background
Epidemiology (study of populations)
Terminology a-d Cancer, Neoplasm, Tumo…
e-f Malignant Neoplasm, Tumor
Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the U.S. ... (hea…
1) International differences in cancer incidence and mortalit…
a. Cancer - Cells multiply out of control and disrupt normal…
e. Malignant neoplasm... 1) Cancerous... 2) Resists treatment... 3) Ha…
Background
Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the U.S. ... (hea…
Epidemiology (study of populations)
1) International differences in cancer incidence and mortalit…
15 terms
Nutrition and Cancer
where does cancer rank as a cause of d…
what three factors combined can result…
what is the most unique nutritional re…
second unique recc?
second leading cause
genetics, lifestyle, environment
eat mostly foods of plant origin
limit red meat and processed meat
where does cancer rank as a cause of d…
second leading cause
what three factors combined can result…
genetics, lifestyle, environment
22 terms
Cancer Nutrition
Cancer
3 stages of cancer
4 kinds of responses to cancer tx
TNM staging
Abnormal cell division and reproduction that can spread throu…
Initiation... promotion... tumor progression, including metastasis
complete... partial... stable... progressive
T=Size of the tumor... N=degree of spread to lymph nodes... M=prese…
Cancer
Abnormal cell division and reproduction that can spread throu…
3 stages of cancer
Initiation... promotion... tumor progression, including metastasis
38 terms
Cancer and Nutrition
1. Link: research-cancer-prevention-re…
Why is it recommended to limit consump…
Do sugary drinks induce satiety or a c…
What are the recommendations regarding…
do it
a. Prevents and controls weight gain... b. Keeps fuller longer
No
Be as lean as possible by falling into norm BMI range startin…
1. Link: research-cancer-prevention-re…
do it
Why is it recommended to limit consump…
a. Prevents and controls weight gain... b. Keeps fuller longer
12 terms
Nutrition and Cancer
The three steps in cancer development
What is the material within cells that…
What factors cause damage to DNA
Which factor plays a larger role in th…
Initiation, promotion, progression
DNA
toxic environment, contaminants, viruses, exposure to radiati…
Environmental
The three steps in cancer development
Initiation, promotion, progression
What is the material within cells that…
DNA
Nutrition and Cancer
Nutritionist
Dietitian
Role of dietician
Phytochemicals
-non regulated term... -could be anyone from a person with PhD i…
-4 yr BS degree... -passed national registration exam... -maintains…
Education for prevention... -diagnosing malnutrition/nutrition p…
substances found naturally in plant foods that... -stimulate the…
Nutritionist
-non regulated term... -could be anyone from a person with PhD i…
Dietitian
-4 yr BS degree... -passed national registration exam... -maintains…
25 terms
nutrition and cancer
cancer
cancer
cancer
how does cancer develop
second leading cause of death in US
1 in every 4 deaths annually
1/3 of all are diet related
cell cycle apoptosis-Programmed cell death
cancer
second leading cause of death in US
cancer
1 in every 4 deaths annually
8 terms
Cancer and Nutrition
Zinc
Polyphenols
Factors that influence staging
Stage 0 Cancer
micronutrient involved in homeostatic regulation ... -DNA replic…
EGCG
-size of tumor ... -level of invasion of the tumor ... -degree to w…
carcinoma in situ ... -cancer cells are present in either the li…
Zinc
micronutrient involved in homeostatic regulation ... -DNA replic…
Polyphenols
EGCG
15 terms
Cancer: Nutrition and the Cancer Patient
do all cancer patients present the sam…
what 2 types of cancers are the worst…
% weight loss correlates to what?
which cancer treatments have weight lo…
-site of cancer... -type of cancer... -stage of cancer... -co-morbidit…
pancreas and stomach
-survival rates... -treatment tolerance... -treatment effectiveness
all of them
do all cancer patients present the sam…
-site of cancer... -type of cancer... -stage of cancer... -co-morbidit…
what 2 types of cancers are the worst…
pancreas and stomach
10 terms
Nutrition and Cancer
Typical American diet, what percent of…
nutritional status
ways of assessing nutrient intake
role of feeding studies
280% of recommended limit. (180% increase)... 200%... 150%
a measurement of the degree to which an individual's physiolo…
feeding study... 24 hour recall... food diary/record... food frequency…
validate food frequency questionnaires... involves intensive con…
Typical American diet, what percent of…
280% of recommended limit. (180% increase)... 200%... 150%
nutritional status
a measurement of the degree to which an individual's physiolo…
37 terms
cancer and nutrition
cancer
neoplasm
tumor
benign nepolasm
cells multiply out of control
new growth
rapid or uncontrolled increase in cells
only local problems ... cells adhere to eachother... don't invade o…
cancer
cells multiply out of control
neoplasm
new growth
76 terms
Nutrition and Cancer
Rank in causing death
Large part of the cause
Nutritional factors may contribute to…
Cancer develops due to
Second leading cause of death in developed countries (Canada:…
Given differences in cancer prevalence worldwide and prevalen…
30
interactions between genetic background, endogenous milieu an…
Rank in causing death
Second leading cause of death in developed countries (Canada:…
Large part of the cause
Given differences in cancer prevalence worldwide and prevalen…
19 terms
Nutrition and Cancer
MUFAs
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Beta-Carotene
Folate
-anti-oxidative ... -anti-inflammatory
-anti-inflammatory... -inhibits cell proliferation
anti-oxidative
repair
MUFAs
-anti-oxidative ... -anti-inflammatory
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
-anti-inflammatory... -inhibits cell proliferation
19 terms
Nutrition and Cancer
causes of malnutrition and wasting in…
Cancer cachexia
steps towards cachexia
impact and outcomes of cachexxia
failure of food intake ... association between progresion of tum…
ongoing loss of skeletal muscle mass... cannot be fully reversed…
1. depletion of reserves,... 2. limitation of food intake... 3 cata…
weakness, frailty, toxicit, infection, complication, costs po…
causes of malnutrition and wasting in…
failure of food intake ... association between progresion of tum…
Cancer cachexia
ongoing loss of skeletal muscle mass... cannot be fully reversed…
19 terms
Nutrition and Cancer
development of cancer
cancer cells
food mutagens
genotoxic
initiation (mutation of normal cells, repeated division), pro…
lack of differentiation, enlarged nuclei, unlimited ability t…
ingested and absorbed, pas through liver, then are distribute…
DNA damage; point mutation, deletions, insertions, recombinat…
development of cancer
initiation (mutation of normal cells, repeated division), pro…
cancer cells
lack of differentiation, enlarged nuclei, unlimited ability t…
34 terms
Cancer and the nutrition
Leading cause of death in Canada
Cancer
the percentage of women likely to get…
the percentage of men likely to get ca…
Cancer
uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells
40
45
Leading cause of death in Canada
Cancer
Cancer
uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells
70 terms
Nutrition in Cancer
#1, #2, #3 new case of cancer in male
#1, #2, #3 new case of cancer in female
#1, #2, #3 cause of death from cancer…
#1, #2, #3 cause of death from cancer…
prostate, lung, crc
breast, lung, crc
lung... prostate... crc
lung... breast ... crc
#1, #2, #3 new case of cancer in male
prostate, lung, crc
#1, #2, #3 new case of cancer in female
breast, lung, crc
14 terms
Nutrition And Cancer
Cancer
process of a cell --> malignant tumor
Dietary factors that increase the risk…
Dietary factors that decrease risk of…
abnormal cells divide, grow, and spread without control
normal cell is changed by radiation or chemicals; genetic dam…
acrylimide, heterocyclic amines, dietary fats, alcohol
antioxidants, flavonoids, folate, Vitamin D
Cancer
abnormal cells divide, grow, and spread without control
process of a cell --> malignant tumor
normal cell is changed by radiation or chemicals; genetic dam…
23 terms
Nutrition_Cancer
Malignant tumors are hyper metabolic a…
Where does nutrition play a vital role…
What are foods that cause inflammation?
where can you find omega 6 fats?
Lots of nutrients - particularly sugar
Before promotion for prevention
sugar, trans fat, omega 6 fats
animal fat from non grass fed, vegetable oil, processed carbs
Malignant tumors are hyper metabolic a…
Lots of nutrients - particularly sugar
Where does nutrition play a vital role…
Before promotion for prevention
27 terms
Nutrition & Cancer
goals
cancers linked to obesity
Nutriceuticals
Turmeric-Curcumin
Prevent or reverse nutrient deficiencies.... Preserve lean body…
Breast cancer.... Endometrial.... Cervical.... Colorectal.... Ovarian.... Br…
natural anti-viral, which can help a patient's body fight the…
promotes apoptosis that safely eliminates cancer breeding cel…
goals
Prevent or reverse nutrient deficiencies.... Preserve lean body…
cancers linked to obesity
Breast cancer.... Endometrial.... Cervical.... Colorectal.... Ovarian.... Br…
32 terms
Nutrition and Cancer
Primary Cancer Prevention Lifestyle
Antioxidants
Procarcinogen reducing phytonutrients
Phytoestrogens
Weight control ... Moderate calories... Low fat, esp. animal fat... Li…
help neutralize free radicals... Vitamins C, E, & beta carotene…
allyl sulfides in garlic, onions & chives -affect phase 1 con…
may be protective or promote breast and prostate cancers ... iso…
Primary Cancer Prevention Lifestyle
Weight control ... Moderate calories... Low fat, esp. animal fat... Li…
Antioxidants
help neutralize free radicals... Vitamins C, E, & beta carotene…
40 terms
Nutrition & cancer
3 guidelines to reduce cancer risk
AICR rationale for new guidelines
10 recommendations
Food, nutrition, obesity, physical act…
1. Weight management... 2. Diet... 3. Physical activity
•9 independent research teams collected relevant research on…
1. Be as lean as possible, but not underweight ... 2. Be physica…
•DNA repair... •proliferation... •hormonal regulation... •carcinogen m…
3 guidelines to reduce cancer risk
1. Weight management... 2. Diet... 3. Physical activity
AICR rationale for new guidelines
•9 independent research teams collected relevant research on…
42 terms
Nutrition 400: Nutrition and Cancer
1 out of 2
1 out of 3
cancer
cancer
likelihood of a male getting cancer
likelihood of a female getting cancer
2nd leading cause of death
characterized by unchecked growth of malignant cells
1 out of 2
likelihood of a male getting cancer
1 out of 3
likelihood of a female getting cancer
28 terms
Nutrition and Cancer
Metabolic response to critical illness…
What 2 things are used to assess nutri…
What is the energy expenditure equation?
What is the stress factor?
hyper; cachexia
Weight hx and serum albumin
BMR x stress factor x activity factor
1.2-2 depending on severity
Metabolic response to critical illness…
hyper; cachexia
What 2 things are used to assess nutri…
Weight hx and serum albumin
9 terms
Cancer Nutrition
Risk factors of cancer
Cancer Prevention
Preventative Nutrition
Nutrition Therapy
Excess body fat stimulates the production of estrogen and pro…
-Be physically active: ... 1. adults: aim for 150 minutes modera…
-Consume adequate dietary fiber (14 g/1000 kcal daily require…
-Adverse effects of treatments compromise the nutritional sta…
Risk factors of cancer
Excess body fat stimulates the production of estrogen and pro…
Cancer Prevention
-Be physically active: ... 1. adults: aim for 150 minutes modera…
14 terms
Nutrition & Cancer
Statistics
Cell Cycle
Apoptosis
Cancer
1/3 of all cancers are diet related... second leading cause of d…
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a eukaryotic cel…
cell death
balance between cell growth and death is disrupted... cell keeps…
Statistics
1/3 of all cancers are diet related... second leading cause of d…
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a eukaryotic cel…
81 terms
Cancer & Nutrition
60%
Biopsy
malignant
metastisis
the number of all malignancies
how scientists look at cancer cells
invasive
already spread
60%
the number of all malignancies
Biopsy
how scientists look at cancer cells
40 terms
CANCER: NUTRITION
Huge players in onset of cancer?
top three cancers in women?
top three cancers in men?
common cancers in KY
~lifestyle and environment ... **ex: smoking and nutrition
lung and bronchus, breast, colon and rectum
lung and bronchus, prostate, colon and rectum
lung, breast, colon and rectum, prostate
Huge players in onset of cancer?
~lifestyle and environment ... **ex: smoking and nutrition
top three cancers in women?
lung and bronchus, breast, colon and rectum
29 terms
Nutrition and Cancer
what is cancer?
what is initiation
what is promotion
what are the steps involved in the pro…
a malignant tumor of unlimited growth that expands locally by…
initiators begin the process of changing the DNA in some of t…
promotion describes the process of enhancing the development…
carcinogen exposure... initiation... promotion... tumor formation
what is cancer?
a malignant tumor of unlimited growth that expands locally by…
what is initiation
initiators begin the process of changing the DNA in some of t…
27 terms
Nutrition and Cancer
Considerations in managing a cancer pa…
Estimated that more than one third of…
Epidemiological studies have found ass…
Diets effects on cancer
Site/type/stage of cancer - foot vs mouth... Multi-modality trea…
Dietary and physical activity habits
Types of diets consumed... E.g. obesogenic lifestyles are associ…
Can be both an initiator and promoter in the development of c…
Considerations in managing a cancer pa…
Site/type/stage of cancer - foot vs mouth... Multi-modality trea…
Estimated that more than one third of…
Dietary and physical activity habits
17 terms
Nutrition- nutrition & cancer
What are the top cancer incidences for…
What is the number one cause of death…
Define cancer
What are the three stages of cancer de…
Men- Prostate cancer... Women- Breast cancer
Lung cancer
Disease in which cells multiply out of control and disrupt no…
Initiation... Promotion... Progression
What are the top cancer incidences for…
Men- Prostate cancer... Women- Breast cancer
What is the number one cause of death…
Lung cancer
7 terms
Cancer- Nutrition
Nutrition related factors affect on ca…
Cancer Cachexia
Side Effects of Chemotherapy and Radia…
What is the relationship between diet…
Obesity: Alters levels of hormones that influence cell growth…
Wasting syndrome associated with cancer that is characterized…
Chemotherapy: GI tract inflammation, abdominal pain, bad for…
-Diet causes 1/3 of cancer cases... -Associated with chronic inf…
Nutrition related factors affect on ca…
Obesity: Alters levels of hormones that influence cell growth…
Cancer Cachexia
Wasting syndrome associated with cancer that is characterized…
103 terms
Nutrition in Cancer
Apoptosis
Immortal
Cancer
Tumor
Normal cells divide a certain number of times and then self-d…
Cancer cells don't normally divide/ don't undergo apoptosis
uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells that form a mass of tis…
A mass of tissues of abnormal cells
Apoptosis
Normal cells divide a certain number of times and then self-d…
Immortal
Cancer cells don't normally divide/ don't undergo apoptosis
39 terms
Nutrition in Cancer
cancer risks, diets consumed, fruits,…
initiator, promotor, prevention
size, type and stage of cancer, multi-…
% weight loss
There are strong associations between _________ ______ and th…
Diets can be both the ___________ and _________ in cancer but…
What factors must be considered in assessing the nutritional…
The majority of cancers cause some ____ ________ _______.
cancer risks, diets consumed, fruits,…
There are strong associations between _________ ______ and th…
initiator, promotor, prevention
Diets can be both the ___________ and _________ in cancer but…
9 terms
Cancer nutrition
Although we can call the peritoneal pl…
Knowing that cachexia starts at phase…
What key by a chemical change is accur…
Is there a clinical test that can be r…
Phase one the silent face
As early as possible
Hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, altered amino acid and lipid…
...
Although we can call the peritoneal pl…
Phase one the silent face
Knowing that cachexia starts at phase…
As early as possible
56 terms
NUTRITION SUPPORT IN CANCER & AIDS
NORMAL CELL
CANCER CELL
CANCER TUMORS ARE IDENTIFIED BY?
SARCOMAS EFFECT?
- CELL GROWTH GUIDED BY GENETIC CODE IN DNA... - EACH GENE CARRI…
- ORDERLY OPERATION LOST AS A RESULT OF MUTATION... - CELL GROWT…
- PRIMARY SITE OF ORIGIN... - STAGE... - SIZE... - PRESENCE OF METASTA…
CONNECTIVE TISSUE
NORMAL CELL
- CELL GROWTH GUIDED BY GENETIC CODE IN DNA... - EACH GENE CARRI…
CANCER CELL
- ORDERLY OPERATION LOST AS A RESULT OF MUTATION... - CELL GROWT…
17 terms
Nutrition Test 4: Nutrition and Cancer
Healthy Cell Cycle
Cancer Step 1
Oncogene
Cancer step 2
Healthy cells undergo a cycle of DNA replication, followed by…
-Initiation is caused by DNA damage or mutation
-Altered gene capable of transforming normal cells into cance…
-Promotion involves increased cell division or decreased cell…
Healthy Cell Cycle
Healthy cells undergo a cycle of DNA replication, followed by…
Cancer Step 1
-Initiation is caused by DNA damage or mutation
17 terms
Chapter 20 Nutrition for Cancer (Nutrition)
Cancer
Initiation
Promoted
Progrssion
the process of carcinogenesis is when cells receive sustained…
of the process results in a mutation of DNA; inflammation, ph…
Replication of the mutated cell is Promoted and abnormal cell…
of the abnormal cells outside the original location of the ce…
Cancer
the process of carcinogenesis is when cells receive sustained…
Initiation
of the process results in a mutation of DNA; inflammation, ph…
31 terms
20 Nutrition and Cancer
is cancer a disease?
cancer
mutations in genes that control cell d…
tumors
no- more like a multiple diseases.
-uncontrolled cell growth... -losing control of cell division... -m…
-promote cell growth ... -interferes with growth restraint ... -mut…
-blood vessels form to provide nutrients within tumor
is cancer a disease?
no- more like a multiple diseases.
cancer
-uncontrolled cell growth... -losing control of cell division... -m…
27 terms
Clinical Nutrition: Cancer
What demographic has a significantly l…
What dietary factors have an increase…
What provides more protection against…
What is in tomatoes that helps protect…
Black men living in Africa
Consumption of meat, fish, dairy, calcium supplements, and al…
Soy
Lycopene... Lycopene also protects ovaries and skin
What demographic has a significantly l…
Black men living in Africa
What dietary factors have an increase…
Consumption of meat, fish, dairy, calcium supplements, and al…
17 terms
exam 2: nutrition and cancer
epidemiology
cancer
neoplasm
tumor
study of populations
cells multiply out of control and disrupt normal functioning,…
new growth of cells
rapid or uncontrolled increase in number of cells
epidemiology
study of populations
cancer
cells multiply out of control and disrupt normal functioning,…
96 terms
Diet, Nutrition and Cancer (3)
Epidemiology of cancer
cancer development
migration of cancer
adjacent tissue invaded by cancer
2nd leading cause of death in US, 2/3 of cases are > 65 yo, 5…
disorder of cell growth and regulation, uncontrolled/abnormal…
metastasis
invasion
Epidemiology of cancer
2nd leading cause of death in US, 2/3 of cases are > 65 yo, 5…
cancer development
disorder of cell growth and regulation, uncontrolled/abnormal…
45 terms
Introduction to Nutrition: Cancer and Diet
Cancers prevented by Vitamin A
Cancers prevented by vitamin E
Cancers prevented by Vitamin C
Roles of Vitamin C to protect from DNA…
Mouth, stomach, lung, breast
Lung, colon and cervical
Stomach, osphagal and mouth
- Immune response triggered to increase destruction of damage…
Cancers prevented by Vitamin A
Mouth, stomach, lung, breast
Cancers prevented by vitamin E
Lung, colon and cervical
31 terms
Nutrition: Care in Cancer
What provokes cancer?
Name 4 ways to defend your body agains…
What does anti-angiogenesis mean?
What foods have anti-angiogenic proper…
Cigarette smoke, first or second hand.... Excessive alcohol ... Pro…
Exercise ... Maintenance of healthy weight... Restorative sleep
The prevention of the formation of blood vessels to cancer ce…
fruits & vegetables with high nutrient & antioxidant compou…
What provokes cancer?
Cigarette smoke, first or second hand.... Excessive alcohol ... Pro…
Name 4 ways to defend your body agains…
Exercise ... Maintenance of healthy weight... Restorative sleep
96 terms
Diet, Nutrition and Cancer (3)
Epidemiology of cancer
cancer development
migration of cancer
adjacent tissue invaded by cancer
2nd leading cause of death in US, 2/3 of cases are > 65 yo, 5…
disorder of cell growth and regulation, uncontrolled/abnormal…
metastasis
invasion
Epidemiology of cancer
2nd leading cause of death in US, 2/3 of cases are > 65 yo, 5…
cancer development
disorder of cell growth and regulation, uncontrolled/abnormal…
31 terms
Nutrition: Care in Cancer
What provokes cancer?
Name 4 ways to defend your body agains…
What does anti-angiogenesis mean?
What foods have anti-angiogenic proper…
Cigarette smoke, first or second hand.... Excessive alcohol ... Pro…
Exercise ... Maintenance of healthy weight... Restorative sleep
The prevention of the formation of blood vessels to cancer ce…
fruits & vegetables with high nutrient & antioxidant compou…
What provokes cancer?
Cigarette smoke, first or second hand.... Excessive alcohol ... Pro…
Name 4 ways to defend your body agains…
Exercise ... Maintenance of healthy weight... Restorative sleep
52 terms
Nutrition 7 Nutrition care in cancer
what kinds of foods starve cancer cells?
what inhibits angiogensis
categories of antioxidants
carotenes... -differen kinds
-anti-angiogenic properties... -fruits and veggeis with antioxid…
foods with vitamin K2... -hard cheese
-carotenes... -flavonoids... -isothiocyanates
-betacarotene... -lycopene... -lutein
what kinds of foods starve cancer cells?
-anti-angiogenic properties... -fruits and veggeis with antioxid…
what inhibits angiogensis
foods with vitamin K2... -hard cheese
11 terms
Module VII. Nutrition and Cancer
Incidence
Cancer
Neoplasm
Tumor
a) Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the US (Hea…
Cells multiply out of control and disrupt normal functioning
New growth
Rapid and/or uncontrolled increase in number of cells
Incidence
a) Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the US (Hea…
Cancer
Cells multiply out of control and disrupt normal functioning
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