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Study sets matching "nutrition and diet therapy"

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Study sets matching "nutrition and diet therapy"

155 terms
Nutrition and Diet therapy Final
Bioavailability
Thiamin
Thiamin
Berry Berry
the amount of nutrients absorbed and used by the body
What is another name for B1 Vitamin?
coenzyme in energy metabolism; helps with nerve and muscle fu…
What is the deficiency of Thiamin?
Bioavailability
the amount of nutrients absorbed and used by the body
Thiamin
What is another name for B1 Vitamin?
98 terms
Nutrition and diet therapy
What is the number one fuel for the bo…
Where are carbs most often found?
What carbs compounds of?
What are the two types of carbs?
carbs
Plants
hydrogen and water
simple and complex
What is the number one fuel for the bo…
carbs
Where are carbs most often found?
Plants
108 terms
Nutrition and Diet Therapy chapter 10
Metabolism is the sum of all cellular…
proteins that lack one or more of the…
Complete proteins are found in plant s…
children under the age of two need mor…
True
True
False
True
Metabolism is the sum of all cellular…
True
proteins that lack one or more of the…
True
58 terms
Chapter 1 - Diet and Nutrition Therapy
What are the 6 classes of nutrients?
What are the 3 functional categories o…
Essential nutrients have to have what?
Nutrition is
Water, Minerals, Vitamins, Proteins, Lipids, Carbohydrates
1. Primarily provide energy (kcal)... 2. Important for growth an…
- specific biological function... - if removed from diet it will…
The science of food; the nutrients and the substances therein…
What are the 6 classes of nutrients?
Water, Minerals, Vitamins, Proteins, Lipids, Carbohydrates
What are the 3 functional categories o…
1. Primarily provide energy (kcal)... 2. Important for growth an…
Nutrition and Diet Therapy-TEST
liver
sulfur
mouth
day
where is ammonia converted to urea:
proteins contain what, in addition to carbon, hydrogen, oxyge…
digestion begins in the:
complementary proteins must be consumed in the same:
liver
where is ammonia converted to urea:
sulfur
proteins contain what, in addition to carbon, hydrogen, oxyge…
53 terms
Nutrition and Diet Therapy
What is the general recommendation for…
What is the general recommendation for…
What is used to measure a healthy weig…
What is the most important nutrient?
37 grams
25 grams
BMI (Body Mass Index)
WATER
What is the general recommendation for…
37 grams
What is the general recommendation for…
25 grams
318 terms
Basic nutrition and diet therapy
1-a-hydroxylase
Absorption
Acetone
Achalasia
The enzyme in the kidneys that catalyzes the hydroxylation re…
The process by which nutrients are taken into the cells that…
A major ketone compound that results from fat breakdown for e…
A disorder of the esophagus in which the muscles of the tube…
1-a-hydroxylase
The enzyme in the kidneys that catalyzes the hydroxylation re…
Absorption
The process by which nutrients are taken into the cells that…
66 terms
Nutrition and Diet Therapy
Basal Metabolic rate
Resting Energy Expenditure
Kilocalories
Nutrient
energy to maintain life-sustainging activities (i.e. heart ra…
amount of energy that an individual needs to consume over a 2…
the unit in which energy is measured
elements necessary for normal function of body processes
Basal Metabolic rate
energy to maintain life-sustainging activities (i.e. heart ra…
Resting Energy Expenditure
amount of energy that an individual needs to consume over a 2…
79 terms
Nutrition and Diet Therapy
__ is the study of nutrients and the p…
__ are substances in foods required by…
Food is ingested, digested, and absorb…
essential nutrients:
nutrition
nutrients
energy
carbs... protein... fats... vitamins... minerals... water
__ is the study of nutrients and the p…
nutrition
__ are substances in foods required by…
nutrients
53 terms
Nutrition and Diet Therapy
Calories
Heat (muscle contraction)
Basal Metabolic Rate
Digestive tract
A measure of the amount of heat stored in food... one calorie =…
energy creates...
metabolic rate at rest ---> cellular activity needed to maint…
-mouth... -esophagus... -stomach... -small intestine... -large intestine…
Calories
A measure of the amount of heat stored in food... one calorie =…
Heat (muscle contraction)
energy creates...
50 terms
NutritionDietTherapyII
Type 1
Type 2
Non insulin dependent or adult onset d…
Gestational diabetes
Diabetes caused by an immune destruction of thr B cells in th…
Form of diabetes that has a genetic link, results from an ins…
Type 2 diabetes which is found primarily in adults older than…
Temporary form of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy in a…
Type 1
Diabetes caused by an immune destruction of thr B cells in th…
Type 2
Form of diabetes that has a genetic link, results from an ins…
35 terms
Nutrition and Diet Therapy
Nutrition
What are the areas of study included i…
Define health and wellness
What health professionals play a role…
The science of food and it's relationship to living beings
Chemical content, body's use of food, relationship of food to…
Health is a state of complete physical mental and social well…
Registered dietitians, physicians, registered nurses, and cli…
Nutrition
The science of food and it's relationship to living beings
What are the areas of study included i…
Chemical content, body's use of food, relationship of food to…
62 terms
diet and nutrition therapy final
sarcopenia refers to
energy needs decline with advancing ag…
physical changes of aging that affect…
the best choice for older adults with…
loss of muscle mass
older people re better able to absorb energy from foods
increased sense of smell
select nutrient dense foods
sarcopenia refers to
loss of muscle mass
energy needs decline with advancing ag…
older people re better able to absorb energy from foods
155 terms
Nutrition and Diet therapy Final
Bioavailability
Thiamin
Thiamin
Berry Berry
the amount of nutrients absorbed and used by the body
What is another name for B1 Vitamin?
coenzyme in energy metabolism; helps with nerve and muscle fu…
What is the deficiency of Thiamin?
Bioavailability
the amount of nutrients absorbed and used by the body
Thiamin
What is another name for B1 Vitamin?
9 terms
Diet Therapy: Overview of nutrition
Nutrition
Factors that influence food choice
Energy provided by macronutrients
Nomenclature of energy
the study of nutrients in food and the body's handling of them,
personal preference, ethnic heritage, social interaction, hab…
Carbohydrates- 4 kcal/g... Proteins 4 kcal/g... Fats 9 kcal/g
1000 calorie = 1 kcal
Nutrition
the study of nutrients in food and the body's handling of them,
Factors that influence food choice
personal preference, ethnic heritage, social interaction, hab…
88 terms
nutrition and diet therapy final
the body minus its fat
a measure of energy use for a person a…
skin rash hair loss and neurological d…
hemorrhage
lean body mass
Resting metabolic rate
biotin deficiency
vitamin K deficiency
the body minus its fat
lean body mass
a measure of energy use for a person a…
Resting metabolic rate
48 terms
Nutrition and Diet therapy
BMI is calculated by
A normal weight BMI is
FOOD PYRAMID COLORS
There are... six essential nutrients:
dividing a... person's weight in kilograms (2.2# = 1 kg) by... the…
18.5 kg/m² to 24.9 kg/m²
GRAINS-ORANGE... VEGETABLES-GREEN... FRUITS-RED... FATS, OILS, AND DIS…
water, carbohydrates,... protein, fat, vitamins, and minerals. T…
BMI is calculated by
dividing a... person's weight in kilograms (2.2# = 1 kg) by... the…
A normal weight BMI is
18.5 kg/m² to 24.9 kg/m²
88 terms
nutrition and diet therapy final
the body minus its fat
a measure of energy use for a person a…
skin rash hair loss and neurological d…
hemorrhage
lean body mass
Resting metabolic rate
biotin deficiency
vitamin K deficiency
the body minus its fat
lean body mass
a measure of energy use for a person a…
Resting metabolic rate
86 terms
Nutrition and Diet Therapy 13
What is the leading cause of nutrition…
Which of the following is NOT one of t…
What are the three nutrients used by t…
Water is the medium in which all chemi…
Weight gain
Niacin
Carbohydrates, proteins, and fats
True
What is the leading cause of nutrition…
Weight gain
Which of the following is NOT one of t…
Niacin
FPTC Nutrition and diet therapy
True or false encourage clients to eat…
If a physician orders a fluid restrict…
When restricting fluid it is recommend…
Fluids include
True
A client with polydipsia or for a person with end stage renal…
Takes about half the fluids during the day and half in the ev…
All foods and beverages that are in fluid form at room temper…
True or false encourage clients to eat…
True
If a physician orders a fluid restrict…
A client with polydipsia or for a person with end stage renal…
25 terms
TCM Diet & Nutrition Therapy
Cold Foods
Cold Foods: Caution(s)
Hot Foods
Hot Foods: Caution(s)
1. Clr Heat & Toxins ... 2. (T) Yin Fluids ... 3. Tranquilize HT ... 4…
may damage Yang Qi (ST, SP, HT, KD). (ex) watermelon, cucumbe…
1. Dispel cold ... 2. (T) Yang ... 3. Nourish Qi
may increase Heat or Fire; can damage Yin Fluids (ST, LV, LU)…
Cold Foods
1. Clr Heat & Toxins ... 2. (T) Yin Fluids ... 3. Tranquilize HT ... 4…
Cold Foods: Caution(s)
may damage Yang Qi (ST, SP, HT, KD). (ex) watermelon, cucumbe…
48 terms
nutrition renal diet therapy
nitrogenous waste
renin
erythropoietin
neprotic syndrome
wastes produced from nitrogen namely ammonia,urea,uric acid,a…
an enzyme secreted by the kidneys that activate the precursor…
a hormone secreted by the kidneys that stimulates the bone ma…
a collection of symptoms that occurs when increased capillary…
nitrogenous waste
wastes produced from nitrogen namely ammonia,urea,uric acid,a…
renin
an enzyme secreted by the kidneys that activate the precursor…
20 terms
Chapter 2 - Diet and Nutrition Therapy
Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs)
Estimated Average Requirements (EARFun…
Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA)
Adequate Intake (AI)
Nutrient recommendations made by the Food and Nutrition Board…
Nutrient intake amounts estimated to meet the needs of 50% of…
Nutrient intake amount sufficient to meet the needs of 97 to…
Nutrient intake amount set for any nutrient for which insuffi…
Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs)
Nutrient recommendations made by the Food and Nutrition Board…
Estimated Average Requirements (EARFun…
Nutrient intake amounts estimated to meet the needs of 50% of…
17 terms
Diet Therapy (Parenteral Nutrition)
what is ASPEN?
what is CNSC?
what is parenteral nutrition?
what are 3 types of parenteral nutriti…
American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Certified Nutrition Support Clinician
delivery of nutrient solutions directly into the vein, bypass…
1. TPN (total) ... 2. CPN (central) ... 3. PPN (peripheral)
what is ASPEN?
American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
what is CNSC?
Certified Nutrition Support Clinician
24 terms
Nutrition and Diet Therapy
amino acids
anabolism
basal metabolic rate
calories
end products of protein digestion
process of building tissue
the rate at which the body uses food to maintain energy in pe…
units of heat energy
amino acids
end products of protein digestion
anabolism
process of building tissue
21 terms
Diet Therapy (Enteral Nutrition)
what are the 3 strategies for nutritio…
what is enteral nutrition commonly cal…
enteral nutrition provides nutrients u…
tube feedings can go directly into wha…
1. enhance oral intake ... 2. enteral nutrition ... 3. parenteral n…
tube feedings
GI tract
stomach or small intestine
what are the 3 strategies for nutritio…
1. enhance oral intake ... 2. enteral nutrition ... 3. parenteral n…
what is enteral nutrition commonly cal…
tube feedings
115 terms
Nutrition and Diet Therapy
Nutrition
Enteral
Nutrient
Food
Study of foods and their relationship to health
With or by way of intestines
Chemical compound found in food
Substance the body uses to yield heat and energy, to promote…
Nutrition
Study of foods and their relationship to health
Enteral
With or by way of intestines
108 terms
Nutrition diet therapy II
Moderate
They spare protein for tissue synthesis
Methionine
Water
Medical diet nutrition therapy for nephrotic syndrome involve…
Why are fats and carbs important and diets patients with kidn…
Patient with Cysteine stones should be educated to have a die…
The most important thing and nurse can recommend to a patient…
Moderate
Medical diet nutrition therapy for nephrotic syndrome involve…
They spare protein for tissue synthesis
Why are fats and carbs important and diets patients with kidn…
57 terms
Nutrition & Diet Therapy
(1) Define nutrition
(2) Identify the areas of study includ…
(3) Define Health & Wellness. Be able…
(4) What health professionals play a r…
the science of food & its relationship to living beings
biochemistry, psychology, anatomy/physiology
Health- complete physical, mental and social well-being; not…
dietitians, physicians, nurses, pharmacists
(1) Define nutrition
the science of food & its relationship to living beings
(2) Identify the areas of study includ…
biochemistry, psychology, anatomy/physiology
15 terms
Nutrition and Diet Therapy-Ch 9
Digestion
Ailementary Canal
pancreas
gall bladder
Food is broken down mechanically and chemically in the gastro…
Oral cavity... Pharynx... Esophagus... Large intestine... Small intestine…
secretes enzymes
stores bile
Digestion
Food is broken down mechanically and chemically in the gastro…
Ailementary Canal
Oral cavity... Pharynx... Esophagus... Large intestine... Small intestine…
36 terms
Nutrition and Diet Therapy
Vitamins
Bioavailability
Solubility
Fat soluble
Smaller amounts than energy nutrients, does ot directly provi…
The availability of vitamins from foods. Depends on the quant…
Determines how a vitamin is absorbed transported,stored and e…
Vitamins A,D,E,K
Vitamins
Smaller amounts than energy nutrients, does ot directly provi…
Bioavailability
The availability of vitamins from foods. Depends on the quant…
19 terms
NUTRITION & DIET THERAPY
A measure of the amount at which a nut…
Your cousin Emily is a vegetarian. Sin…
Among the following, which does not co…
All of the following are known to redu…
bioavailability
Eat her nonheme iron sources with a glass of orange juice
Spinach
sugars
A measure of the amount at which a nut…
bioavailability
Your cousin Emily is a vegetarian. Sin…
Eat her nonheme iron sources with a glass of orange juice
38 terms
Diet and Nutrition Therapy Test
Saliva
Stomach Acid
Small Intestine
Mucus
Lysozomes, they break down bacteria
Hydrocloric acid (HCL) Damages all pathogens
Lined with anti bodies, mucus, and large number of good bacte…
Rapid rate of shredding
Saliva
Lysozomes, they break down bacteria
Stomach Acid
Hydrocloric acid (HCL) Damages all pathogens
122 terms
CHAPTER 13 NUTRITION AND DIET THERAPY
Kilocalorie
The number of calories each person nee…
T/F: Generally, males require more cal…
What is BMI?
Measure of energy derived from the food.
Age, gender and activity level.
True
Body Mass Index
Kilocalorie
Measure of energy derived from the food.
The number of calories each person nee…
Age, gender and activity level.
19 terms
TCM Diet and Nutrition therapy
Good winter salad recipe:
Case study 3 total... in Soap note forma…
Week of 7th Midterm
Jan 21 make food for LR Blood Def
Apples, Walnut, Fennel, tarragon, apple cider vinegar, walnut…
...
...
...
Good winter salad recipe:
Apples, Walnut, Fennel, tarragon, apple cider vinegar, walnut…
Case study 3 total... in Soap note forma…
...
nutrition diet therapy
health promotion
nutrition
nutrition science
dietetics
active involvement in behaviors or programs that advance posi…
the sum of the process involved with the intake of nutrients…
the body of science developed through controlled research tha…
management of diet and the use of food the science concered w…
health promotion
active involvement in behaviors or programs that advance posi…
nutrition
the sum of the process involved with the intake of nutrients…
29 terms
Nutrition and Diet Therapy
What is considered normal BMI
Nutrition Standards and Education inst…
What is the most important nutrient?
What is a substance that contributes t…
18.5-24.9
BUMED 10110.6
Water
Nutrient
What is considered normal BMI
18.5-24.9
Nutrition Standards and Education inst…
BUMED 10110.6
25 terms
Nutrition and Diet Therapy
Which of the following is a energy nut…
Which of the following techniques is u…
Which of the following is true of the…
Which of the following adheres to stri…
Carbohydrates
Measuring midarm circumference
A cold, or yin, condition is balanced by consuming hot, or ya…
Keeping separate utensils and dishes for meats and dairy meals
Which of the following is a energy nut…
Carbohydrates
Which of the following techniques is u…
Measuring midarm circumference
48 terms
nutrition renal diet therapy
nitrogenous waste
renin
erythropoietin
neprotic syndrome
wastes produced from nitrogen namely ammonia,urea,uric acid,a…
an enzyme secreted by the kidneys that activate the precursor…
a hormone secreted by the kidneys that stimulates the bone ma…
a collection of symptoms that occurs when increased capillary…
nitrogenous waste
wastes produced from nitrogen namely ammonia,urea,uric acid,a…
renin
an enzyme secreted by the kidneys that activate the precursor…
30 terms
Nutrition and Diet Therapy
What are the classes of nutrients
what is the function of carbohydrates,…
what is the function of vitamins and w…
what are some good nutritional status
Carbohydrates... Fats (lipids)... Proteins... Vitamins... Minerals... Water
provide energy
regulate body processes
shiny hair... good color... clear complexion... bright, clear eyes... pin…
What are the classes of nutrients
Carbohydrates... Fats (lipids)... Proteins... Vitamins... Minerals... Water
what is the function of carbohydrates,…
provide energy
12 terms
Nutrition and diet therapy I
Nutrition is the study of _____ and th…
________ are substances in foods requi…
Energy Suppliers: (3)
Body process regulators:(3)
nutrients/ processes
nutrients
Carbohydrates... Protein... Fats
vitamins... minerals... water
Nutrition is the study of _____ and th…
nutrients/ processes
________ are substances in foods requi…
nutrients
62 terms
Basic Nutrition & Diet Therapy
Nutrition
R.D.
Inpatient R.D.
Outpatient R.D.
The food people eat and how their bodies use it. The sum of a…
Registered dietitian
Clinical nutrition specialist
Public health nutritionist
Nutrition
The food people eat and how their bodies use it. The sum of a…
R.D.
Registered dietitian
235 terms
Nutrition & Diet Therapy
1-a-hydroxylase
absorption
abstinence
acetone
the enzyme in the kidneys that catalyzes the hydroxylation re…
taking up of nutrients in the intestines
avoidance
a major ketone compound that results from fat breakdown for e…
1-a-hydroxylase
the enzyme in the kidneys that catalyzes the hydroxylation re…
absorption
taking up of nutrients in the intestines
38 terms
Nutrition & Diet Therapy
Wellness
Nutrients
Essential Nutrients
Carbohydrates (CHO)
A way of life that integrates body, mind, and spirit.
Chemical substances found in food that are necessary for good…
Nutrients found ONLY in food.
The nutrient class providing the major source of energy in th…
Wellness
A way of life that integrates body, mind, and spirit.
Nutrients
Chemical substances found in food that are necessary for good…
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