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Study sets matching "nutrition chapter 15"

17 terms
Nutrition Chapter 15
According to present day growth charts…
For a girl, undernutrition could be ex…
Infants who are born prematurely will…
The most sensitive indicator of long-t…
5
before the onset of menses.
2 - 3 years
Height
According to present day growth charts…
5
For a girl, undernutrition could be ex…
before the onset of menses.
29 terms
Nutrition and You Chapter 15
conception
trimesters
embryo
placenta
the moment when a sperm fertilizes an egg
the three time periods of pregnancy
term that refers to a fertilized egg during the third through…
the site of common tissue between the mother and growing embr…
conception
the moment when a sperm fertilizes an egg
trimesters
the three time periods of pregnancy
23 terms
Nutrition Chapter 15
Wellness
Functional Foods
Supplements
Cardiorespiratory Endurance
Achieving balance and integration of aspects that... affect qual…
Foods which do more than meet basic nutritional needs and cou…
Vitamins, minerals, and herbs which are taken in addition to…
The cardiovascular system's ability to deliver oxygen and nut…
Wellness
Achieving balance and integration of aspects that... affect qual…
Functional Foods
Foods which do more than meet basic nutritional needs and cou…
66 terms
Nutrition Chapter 15
D
B
B
D
Which of the following is not a feature of malnutrition in pr…
A feature of heavy caffeine use in human pregnancy is that it…
According to the recommended food intake for pregnancy, which…
Approximately what percentage of newly pregnant women develop…
D
Which of the following is not a feature of malnutrition in pr…
B
A feature of heavy caffeine use in human pregnancy is that it…
13 terms
Nutrition chapter 15
Nutrition Prior to Pregnancy
Growth and Development During Pregnancy
Fetal Growth and Development
Stages of Embryonic and Fetal Developm…
• Nutrition can affect fertility... • Risks with both overweigh…
• Placental development... • Develops in uterus... • Amniotic sac…
• Fertilization of an ovum by a sperm... • Zygote... • Rapidly div…
Zygote-initial product of sperm and ovum ... Embryo- 2-8 weeks…
Nutrition Prior to Pregnancy
• Nutrition can affect fertility... • Risks with both overweigh…
Growth and Development During Pregnancy
• Placental development... • Develops in uterus... • Amniotic sac…
26 terms
Chapter 15 - Digestion and Nutrition
Alimentary canal
Amylase
Bile
Chyme
Tubular portion of the digestive tract that leads from the mo…
An enzyme that hydrolyzes starch
Fluid secreted by liver and stored in gallbladder
Semifluid mass of partially digested food that passes from th…
Alimentary canal
Tubular portion of the digestive tract that leads from the mo…
Amylase
An enzyme that hydrolyzes starch
54 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 15
fertility
conception
uterus
placenta
the capacity of a woman to produce a normal ovum periodically…
the reunion of the male sperm and the female ovum; fertilizat…
the muscular organ within which the infant develops before bi…
the organ that develops inside the uterus early in the pregna…
fertility
the capacity of a woman to produce a normal ovum periodically…
conception
the reunion of the male sperm and the female ovum; fertilizat…
14 terms
Nutrition Chapter 15
Food infections
Food intoxications
Campylobacter jejuni
Salmonella
contain infectious microbes
contain microbes that produce toxins
Fever, vomiting, cramps... Raw meat and eggs. Water, unpast milk…
Diarrhea, abd pain, vomiting... Eggs, meat, dairy, seafood, frui…
Food infections
contain infectious microbes
Food intoxications
contain microbes that produce toxins
98 terms
Chapter 15: Digestion and Nutrition
mechanical/chemical
digestion
alimentary canal
ventral
digestion refers to the _____________ and ____________ breakd…
digestive system carries out the process of ____________
the ________________ ________ is a muscular tube about 9 mete…
the alimentary canal passes through the __________ cavity
mechanical/chemical
digestion refers to the _____________ and ____________ breakd…
digestion
digestive system carries out the process of ____________
18 terms
Nutrition: Chapter 15
Micronutrient deficiencies missing fro…
Famine
Malnutrition
Food insecurity
iron, zinc, Vitamin A, various B vitamins, iodide
extreme shortage of food in a population that can be caused b…
condition of impaired development or function caused by defic…
condition of anxiety about running out of food or money to bu…
Micronutrient deficiencies missing fro…
iron, zinc, Vitamin A, various B vitamins, iodide
Famine
extreme shortage of food in a population that can be caused b…
42 terms
Nutrition-Chapter 15
Conception
Placenta
Uterus
Amniotic Sac
the union of the male sperm and the female ovum; fertilization.
the organ that develops inside the uterus early in pregnancy,…
the muscular organ within which the infant develops before bi…
the "bag of waters" in the uterus, in which the fetus floats.
Conception
the union of the male sperm and the female ovum; fertilization.
Placenta
the organ that develops inside the uterus early in pregnancy,…
99 terms
Chapter 15 - Nutrition/Weight Management
Most prevalent nutritional disorders i…
BMI =
Overweight BMI
Obese BMI
Overweight, obesity
Kg/m^2
25+
30+
Most prevalent nutritional disorders i…
Overweight, obesity
BMI =
Kg/m^2
9 terms
Nutrition chapter 15
undernutrition
overnutrition
percentile
failure to thrive
failing health that results from a long-standing dietary inta…
a state in which nutritional intake greatly exceeds the body'…
classification of a measurement of a unit into divisions of 1…
condition of inadequate growth during infancy or early childh…
undernutrition
failing health that results from a long-standing dietary inta…
overnutrition
a state in which nutritional intake greatly exceeds the body'…
75 terms
Nutrition Chapter 15
Healthy weight can be defined as a bod…
Which of the following disease risks a…
Kelly is a 25-year-old secretary at a…
All of the following statements about…
Does not increase the risk of developing weight-related healt…
All of the above
Overweight
Only women with gynoid obesity and men with android obesity a…
Healthy weight can be defined as a bod…
Does not increase the risk of developing weight-related healt…
Which of the following disease risks a…
All of the above
17 terms
ATI Nutrition Chapter 15
hypoglycemia is a blood glucose level…
hypoglycemia S/S
hyperglycemia is a blood glucose level…
hyperglycemia S/S
70 mg/dL or less
mild shakiness, mental confusion, sweating, palpitations, hea…
250 mg/dL or more
ketones in urine, polydipsia, polyuria, polyphagia, hypervent…
hypoglycemia is a blood glucose level…
70 mg/dL or less
hypoglycemia S/S
mild shakiness, mental confusion, sweating, palpitations, hea…
Nutrition Chapter 15
D
B
B
D
Which of the following is not a feature of malnutrition in pr…
A feature of heavy caffeine use in human pregnancy is that it…
According to the recommended food intake for pregnancy, which…
Approximately what percentage of newly pregnant women develop…
D
Which of the following is not a feature of malnutrition in pr…
B
A feature of heavy caffeine use in human pregnancy is that it…
45 terms
Nutrition Chapter 15
Undernutrition
Overnutrition
Percentile
Growth charts for assessment of childr…
failing health that results from a long-standing dietary inta…
a state in which nutritional intake greatly exceeds the body'…
classification of a measurement of a unit into divisions of 1…
Page 593
Undernutrition
failing health that results from a long-standing dietary inta…
Overnutrition
a state in which nutritional intake greatly exceeds the body'…
9 terms
Nutrition chapter 15
Age related macular degeneration
Atrophic gastritis
Genomics
Homeostatic mechanism
Deterioration in the central area of the retina ( back of the…
Chronic stomach inflammation with atrophy of the mucous membr…
Scientific discipline of mapping, sequencing, and analyzing t…
Body's ability to correct nutritional imbalances, for instanc…
Age related macular degeneration
Deterioration in the central area of the retina ( back of the…
Atrophic gastritis
Chronic stomach inflammation with atrophy of the mucous membr…
9 terms
Nutrition Chapter 15
Food security
Percentages of Food Security in US
Poverty causes
Food Insecurity Outside the US
"Access by all members at all times to enough food for an act…
85% Food Secure... 8.7% Low Food Security ... 5% Very low (skipping…
Primary cause of Food insecurity is poverty ... Lack of money fo…
Political an social factors... Corrupt Governments... Man-made issu…
Food security
"Access by all members at all times to enough food for an act…
Percentages of Food Security in US
85% Food Secure... 8.7% Low Food Security ... 5% Very low (skipping…
9 terms
Nutrition - Chapter 15
T/F: Although it is true that energy n…
T/F: Dietary quality and obesity are t…
T/F: Hypogeusia (loss of taste) often…
Each of the following dental condition…
True
True
True
All of the above (loss of teeth, edentulous status, conventio…
T/F: Although it is true that energy n…
True
T/F: Dietary quality and obesity are t…
True
30 terms
Nutrition Chapter 15
toddlers
toddlers energy
milk
micronutrients
-children aged 1-3 ... -rapid growth begins to slow ... -gain 5.5.…
-30-40% of total kcal from fat... -1.10 g of protein per kg body…
* -whole cow's milk should not be given until child reaches 1…
-as toddles grow, micronutrient needs increase ... -micronutrien…
toddlers
-children aged 1-3 ... -rapid growth begins to slow ... -gain 5.5.…
toddlers energy
-30-40% of total kcal from fat... -1.10 g of protein per kg body…
Nutrition Chapter 15
As consumers we can purchase foods tha…
All of the following species of fish a…
A family in the Sudan has had 12 child…
To minimize the energy a refrigerator…
purchasing range-fed beef, looking for locally grown produce…
swordfish
having many children will ensure some survive to adulthood
clean the coils regularly, set the freezer at 0 degrees F; b…
As consumers we can purchase foods tha…
purchasing range-fed beef, looking for locally grown produce…
All of the following species of fish a…
swordfish
18 terms
Chapter 15 Nutrition Key Terms
Anemia
Calorie
Carbohydrate
Cubic Centimeter
A blood disorder characterized by a lack of oxygen- carrying…
The measurement of the energy stored in food and also the ene…
A type of nutrient made up of starches and sugars that is use…
Unit of measurement in the metric system equal to one millili…
Anemia
A blood disorder characterized by a lack of oxygen- carrying…
Calorie
The measurement of the energy stored in food and also the ene…
22 terms
Nutrition Chapter 15
What is the most potential single indi…
Know if overweight pregnant women shou…
How are the months of pregnancy divided
What is the weight gain range for norm…
Birth weight
Health care providers advise against losing weight and advoca…
-First 3 months: 1st trimester... -Second 3 months: 2nd trimeste…
25-35 pounds
What is the most potential single indi…
Birth weight
Know if overweight pregnant women shou…
Health care providers advise against losing weight and advoca…
70 terms
Chapter 15: Digestion & Nutrition
aliment-
chym-
decidu-
gastr-
food
juice
falling off
stomach
aliment-
food
chym-
juice
21 terms
Nutrition Chapter 15
Food desert
Food recovery
Food banks
Food pantries
urban and rural low income neighborhoods and communities that…
collecting wholesome surplus food for distribution to low inc…
facilities that collect and distribute food donations to auth…
community food collection programs that provide groceries to…
Food desert
urban and rural low income neighborhoods and communities that…
Food recovery
collecting wholesome surplus food for distribution to low inc…
10 terms
Chapter 15 Nutrition
Infant energy intake
Nutrient intake for infants
Colostrum
Nursing bottle decay
Newborn: 450 kcal per day.... Infants: 100 kcal per kg of body w…
The same or double compared to an adult. Vitamin A, D, E, C,…
Milk like secretion during the first few days of breastfeedin…
Carbohydrate rich fluid bathes the teeth which starts tooth d…
Infant energy intake
Newborn: 450 kcal per day.... Infants: 100 kcal per kg of body w…
Nutrient intake for infants
The same or double compared to an adult. Vitamin A, D, E, C,…
30 terms
Nutrition Chapter 15
kwashiorkor
marasmus
famine
oral rehydration therapy (ORT)
severe malnutrition characterized by failure to grow and deve…
severe malnutrition characterized by poor growth, dramatic we…
widespread and extreme scarcity of food that causes starvatio…
oral fluid replacement for children with severe diarrhea caus…
kwashiorkor
severe malnutrition characterized by failure to grow and deve…
marasmus
severe malnutrition characterized by poor growth, dramatic we…
26 terms
Chapter 15 - Digestion and Nutrition
Alimentary canal
Amylase
Bile
Chyme
Digestive tube that extends from the mouth to the anus.
An enzyme in saliva which breaks food down by chemical means.
Chemical substance produced by the liver and stored in the ga…
Partially digested, semi-liquid mixture that passes from the…
Alimentary canal
Digestive tube that extends from the mouth to the anus.
Amylase
An enzyme in saliva which breaks food down by chemical means.
26 terms
Chapter 15 - Digestion and Nutrition
Alimentary canal
Amylase
Bile
Chyme
Digestive tube that extends from the mouth to the anus.
An enzyme in saliva which breaks food down by chemical means.
Chemical substance produced by the liver and stored in the ga…
Partially digested, semi-liquid mixture that passes from the…
Alimentary canal
Digestive tube that extends from the mouth to the anus.
Amylase
An enzyme in saliva which breaks food down by chemical means.
28 terms
Chapter 15 Digestion and Nutrition
Digestion
Alimentary Canal
Mucosa
Submucosa
the breakdown of large insoluble food molecules into small wa…
also called digestive tract, pathway by which food enters the…
a mucous membrane.... "the intestinal mucosa"
The layer of connective tissue directly under the mucosa of a…
Digestion
the breakdown of large insoluble food molecules into small wa…
Alimentary Canal
also called digestive tract, pathway by which food enters the…
121 terms
Chapter 15: Digestion and Nutrition
mechanical/chemical
digestion
alimentary canal
ventral
digestion refers to the _____________ and ____________ breakd…
digestive system carries out the process of ____________
the ________________ ________ is a muscular tube about 9 mete…
the alimentary canal passes through the __________ cavity
mechanical/chemical
digestion refers to the _____________ and ____________ breakd…
digestion
digestive system carries out the process of ____________
13 terms
Nutrition Chapter 15
obesity
overweight
leptin
hunger
excess amount of body fat that adversely affects health
a moderate amount of excess body fat or an excess amount of b…
a hormone produced by adipose tissue that plays a role in bod…
the biological impulse that drives us to seek out and consume…
obesity
excess amount of body fat that adversely affects health
overweight
a moderate amount of excess body fat or an excess amount of b…
25 terms
Chapter 15- digestion and nutrition
Alimentary canal
Amylase
Bile
Chyme
Includes the mouth pharynx esophagus stomach small intestine…
A digestive enzyme, splits starch & glycogen molecules into d…
Is a yellowish green liquid continuously selected from hepati…
Semi fluid paste of feed particles & gastric juice
Alimentary canal
Includes the mouth pharynx esophagus stomach small intestine…
Amylase
A digestive enzyme, splits starch & glycogen molecules into d…
25 terms
Chapter 15- digestion and nutrition
Alimentary canal
Amylase
Bile
Chyme
Includes the mouth pharynx esophagus stomach small intestine…
A digestive enzyme, splits starch & glycogen molecules into d…
Is a yellowish green liquid continuously selected from hepati…
Semi fluid paste of feed particles & gastric juice
Alimentary canal
Includes the mouth pharynx esophagus stomach small intestine…
Amylase
A digestive enzyme, splits starch & glycogen molecules into d…
26 terms
Chapter 15 Digestion and Nutrition
Alimentary canal
Amylase
Bile
Chyme
Tubular portion of the digestive tract that leads from the mo…
An enzyme that hydrolyzes starch
Fluid secreted by liver and stored in gallbladder
Semifluid mass of partially digested food that passes from th…
Alimentary canal
Tubular portion of the digestive tract that leads from the mo…
Amylase
An enzyme that hydrolyzes starch
26 terms
Chapter 15. Digestion and Nutrition
Alimentary Canal
Amylase
Bile
Chyme
Tubular portion of the digestive tract that leads from the mo…
An enzyme that hydrolysis starch
Fluid secreted by liver and stored in gallbladder
Semi fluid mass of partially digested food that passes from t…
Alimentary Canal
Tubular portion of the digestive tract that leads from the mo…
Amylase
An enzyme that hydrolysis starch
26 terms
Chapter 15 Digestion and Nutrition
Alimentary canal
Amylase
Bile
Chyme
Tubular portion of the digestive tract that leads from the mo…
An enzyme that hydrolyzes starch
Fluid secreted by liver and stored in gallbladder
Semifluid mass of partially digested food that passes from th…
Alimentary canal
Tubular portion of the digestive tract that leads from the mo…
Amylase
An enzyme that hydrolyzes starch
8 terms
Nutrition - Chapter 15
Define high food security, food insecu…
In the U.S. and developing countries,…
Describe the poverty-obesity paradox.
For every 7 Americans, how many receiv…
High food security - households getting adequate food... Food in…
Lack of money
Poverty can go through three route:... (1) Hunger > Inadequate i…
1 in every 7 Americans receives food assistance of some kind.…
Define high food security, food insecu…
High food security - households getting adequate food... Food in…
In the U.S. and developing countries,…
Lack of money
77 terms
Nutrition Chapter 15
Definition: crystal structure that giv…
Definition: outer dense shell of bone
Definition: adds strength to bone with…
what are the two main minerals in bone?
Hydroxyapatite
cortical bone
trabecular bone
Ca2+ and P
Definition: crystal structure that giv…
Hydroxyapatite
Definition: outer dense shell of bone
cortical bone
15 terms
Nutrition chapter 15
What are the 2 major reasons for the i…
Reversing this trend requires changes in
Research has indicated that health beh…
How does television affect nutritional…
decreases in activity and increases in energy intake
the way children play and eat
their parents
- it introduces children to foods they might otherwise not be…
What are the 2 major reasons for the i…
decreases in activity and increases in energy intake
Reversing this trend requires changes in
the way children play and eat
15 terms
Chapter 15 (Nutrition)
What are the problems with the diet of…
what are health issues in obese childr…
peanut allergies
what can happen if you give an infant…
High calories and high saturated fat
psychological issues
life threatening
clostridium botulinum
What are the problems with the diet of…
High calories and high saturated fat
what are health issues in obese childr…
psychological issues
20 terms
Nutrition chapter 15
Overweight
Obesity
4 factors that are considered when des…
Necessity of minimum body fat
A body weight that is above a population weight for height st…
Refers to a degree of fatness; the relatively excess amount o…
Muscle mass... Body fat... Water... Bones
Essential for survival ... Fat is used for insulation, temperatu…
Overweight
A body weight that is above a population weight for height st…
Obesity
Refers to a degree of fatness; the relatively excess amount o…
61 terms
Chapter 15: Digestion and Nutrition
Digestion
Alimentary canal
Mucosa
Submucosa
The mechanical and chemical breakdown of foods into forms tha…
The canal that makes up the main part of the digestive system…
The inner lay of the alimentary canal that protects the tissu…
The 2nd layer of the alimentary canal that has glands, blood…
Digestion
The mechanical and chemical breakdown of foods into forms tha…
Alimentary canal
The canal that makes up the main part of the digestive system…
36 terms
Nutrition Chapter 15
What is a foodborne illness?
Who is at most risk of serious consequ…
Why has food-borne illness become a ma…
What's the difference between a food i…
An illness transmitted by food or water contaminated by a pat…
1.Developing fetuses, infants, and young children, as their i…
More foods are mass produced than ever before, with a combina…
A food infection is when a person eats a food containing a ha…
What is a foodborne illness?
An illness transmitted by food or water contaminated by a pat…
Who is at most risk of serious consequ…
1.Developing fetuses, infants, and young children, as their i…
30 terms
Nutrition Chapter 15 Diabetes
At a routine physical examination, a 5…
If a patient with type 2 diabetes show…
If a patient with type 1 diabetes is u…
If a 15-year-old student who runs cros…
rechecking fasting blood glucose level.
normalizing blood glucose levels.
using an insulin pump.
type 1 diabetes.
At a routine physical examination, a 5…
rechecking fasting blood glucose level.
If a patient with type 2 diabetes show…
normalizing blood glucose levels.
20 terms
CHAPTER 15 NUTRITION
Analogues
Formed Product
Manufactured food
Reconstitute
Foods made from a vegetable protein and proceed to resemble a…
A food made from an inexpensive food source processed to rese…
A product developed to save as a substitute for another food
To add back the liquid in a food that was removed in processing
Analogues
Foods made from a vegetable protein and proceed to resemble a…
Formed Product
A food made from an inexpensive food source processed to rese…
12 terms
Chapter 15- Adolescent Nutrition
Nutritional concerns associated with... p…
Energy
Protein
B-vitamins
1. Puberty... a. Sex hormone production... b. Developmental changes…
a. Highest requirement of life based on daily need (not body…
a. Increased need due to rapid growth
a. Needed for energy and protein metabolism... b. Riboflavin, es…
Nutritional concerns associated with... p…
1. Puberty... a. Sex hormone production... b. Developmental changes…
Energy
a. Highest requirement of life based on daily need (not body…
42 terms
Nutrition Chapter 15
67% (2/3)
33%(1/3)
50%
Weight management
Percentage of Americans overweight today
Percentage of Americans obese
In 2020 its predicted this percentage of Americans will be ob…
maintaining body weight within a healthy range of 18.5-24.9
67% (2/3)
Percentage of Americans overweight today
33%(1/3)
Percentage of Americans obese
44 terms
Nutrition- Chapter 15
Over the last 25 years childrens intak…
What two things are being consumed at…
Obesity, Type 2 diabetes, heart diseas…
What is the bigger difference between…
Milk
1) saturated fat ... 2) sodium
High calorie, high saturated fat diets and low activity lifes…
Energy
Over the last 25 years childrens intak…
Milk
What two things are being consumed at…
1) saturated fat ... 2) sodium
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