Study sets matching "nutrition chapter 15"

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Study sets matching "nutrition chapter 15"

Nutrition Chapter 15
According to present day growth charts…
For a girl, undernutrition could be ex…
Infants who are born prematurely will…
The most sensitive indicator of long-t…
5
before the onset of menses.
2 - 3 years
Height
According to present day growth charts…
5
For a girl, undernutrition could be ex…
before the onset of menses.
29 terms
Nutrition and You Chapter 15
conception
trimesters
embryo
placenta
the moment when a sperm fertilizes an egg
the three time periods of pregnancy
term that refers to a fertilized egg during the third through…
the site of common tissue between the mother and growing embr…
conception
the moment when a sperm fertilizes an egg
trimesters
the three time periods of pregnancy
23 terms
Nutrition Chapter 15
Wellness
Functional Foods
Supplements
Cardiorespiratory Endurance
Achieving balance and integration of aspects that... affect qual…
Foods which do more than meet basic nutritional needs and cou…
Vitamins, minerals, and herbs which are taken in addition to…
The cardiovascular system's ability to deliver oxygen and nut…
Wellness
Achieving balance and integration of aspects that... affect qual…
Functional Foods
Foods which do more than meet basic nutritional needs and cou…
Nutrition Chapter 15
D
B
B
D
Which of the following is not a feature of malnutrition in pr…
A feature of heavy caffeine use in human pregnancy is that it…
According to the recommended food intake for pregnancy, which…
Approximately what percentage of newly pregnant women develop…
D
Which of the following is not a feature of malnutrition in pr…
B
A feature of heavy caffeine use in human pregnancy is that it…
13 terms
Nutrition chapter 15
Nutrition Prior to Pregnancy
Growth and Development During Pregnancy
Fetal Growth and Development
Stages of Embryonic and Fetal Developm…
• Nutrition can affect fertility... • Risks with both overweigh…
• Placental development... • Develops in uterus... • Amniotic sac…
• Fertilization of an ovum by a sperm... • Zygote... • Rapidly div…
Zygote-initial product of sperm and ovum ... Embryo- 2-8 weeks…
Nutrition Prior to Pregnancy
• Nutrition can affect fertility... • Risks with both overweigh…
Growth and Development During Pregnancy
• Placental development... • Develops in uterus... • Amniotic sac…
26 terms
Chapter 15 - Digestion and Nutrition
Alimentary canal
Amylase
Bile
Chyme
Tubular portion of the digestive tract that leads from the mo…
An enzyme that hydrolyzes starch
Fluid secreted by liver and stored in gallbladder
Semifluid mass of partially digested food that passes from th…
Alimentary canal
Tubular portion of the digestive tract that leads from the mo…
Amylase
An enzyme that hydrolyzes starch
54 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 15
fertility
conception
uterus
placenta
the capacity of a woman to produce a normal ovum periodically…
the reunion of the male sperm and the female ovum; fertilizat…
the muscular organ within which the infant develops before bi…
the organ that develops inside the uterus early in the pregna…
fertility
the capacity of a woman to produce a normal ovum periodically…
conception
the reunion of the male sperm and the female ovum; fertilizat…
Nutrition Chapter 15
Food infections
Food intoxications
Campylobacter jejuni
Salmonella
contain infectious microbes
contain microbes that produce toxins
Fever, vomiting, cramps... Raw meat and eggs. Water, unpast milk…
Diarrhea, abd pain, vomiting... Eggs, meat, dairy, seafood, frui…
Food infections
contain infectious microbes
Food intoxications
contain microbes that produce toxins
Chapter 15: Digestion and Nutrition
mechanical/chemical
digestion
alimentary canal
ventral
digestion refers to the _____________ and ____________ breakd…
digestive system carries out the process of ____________
the ________________ ________ is a muscular tube about 9 mete…
the alimentary canal passes through the __________ cavity
mechanical/chemical
digestion refers to the _____________ and ____________ breakd…
digestion
digestive system carries out the process of ____________
18 terms
Nutrition: Chapter 15
Micronutrient deficiencies missing fro…
Famine
Malnutrition
Food insecurity
iron, zinc, Vitamin A, various B vitamins, iodide
extreme shortage of food in a population that can be caused b…
condition of impaired development or function caused by defic…
condition of anxiety about running out of food or money to bu…
Micronutrient deficiencies missing fro…
iron, zinc, Vitamin A, various B vitamins, iodide
Famine
extreme shortage of food in a population that can be caused b…
42 terms
Nutrition-Chapter 15
Conception
Placenta
Uterus
Amniotic Sac
the union of the male sperm and the female ovum; fertilization.
the organ that develops inside the uterus early in pregnancy,…
the muscular organ within which the infant develops before bi…
the "bag of waters" in the uterus, in which the fetus floats.
Conception
the union of the male sperm and the female ovum; fertilization.
Placenta
the organ that develops inside the uterus early in pregnancy,…
Chapter 15 - Nutrition/Weight Management
Most prevalent nutritional disorders i…
BMI =
Overweight BMI
Obese BMI
Overweight, obesity
Kg/m^2
25+
30+
Most prevalent nutritional disorders i…
Overweight, obesity
BMI =
Kg/m^2
Nutrition Chapter 15
Healthy weight can be defined as a bod…
Which of the following disease risks a…
Kelly is a 25-year-old secretary at a…
All of the following statements about…
Does not increase the risk of developing weight-related healt…
All of the above
Overweight
Only women with gynoid obesity and men with android obesity a…
Healthy weight can be defined as a bod…
Does not increase the risk of developing weight-related healt…
Which of the following disease risks a…
All of the above
Nutrition chapter 15
undernutrition
overnutrition
percentile
failure to thrive
failing health that results from a long-standing dietary inta…
a state in which nutritional intake greatly exceeds the body'…
classification of a measurement of a unit into divisions of 1…
condition of inadequate growth during infancy or early childh…
undernutrition
failing health that results from a long-standing dietary inta…
overnutrition
a state in which nutritional intake greatly exceeds the body'…
17 terms
ATI Nutrition Chapter 15
hypoglycemia is a blood glucose level…
hypoglycemia S/S
hyperglycemia is a blood glucose level…
hyperglycemia S/S
70 mg/dL or less
mild shakiness, mental confusion, sweating, palpitations, hea…
250 mg/dL or more
ketones in urine, polydipsia, polyuria, polyphagia, hypervent…
hypoglycemia is a blood glucose level…
70 mg/dL or less
hypoglycemia S/S
mild shakiness, mental confusion, sweating, palpitations, hea…
Nutrition Chapter 15
D
B
B
D
Which of the following is not a feature of malnutrition in pr…
A feature of heavy caffeine use in human pregnancy is that it…
According to the recommended food intake for pregnancy, which…
Approximately what percentage of newly pregnant women develop…
D
Which of the following is not a feature of malnutrition in pr…
B
A feature of heavy caffeine use in human pregnancy is that it…
45 terms
Nutrition Chapter 15
Undernutrition
Overnutrition
Percentile
Growth charts for assessment of childr…
failing health that results from a long-standing dietary inta…
a state in which nutritional intake greatly exceeds the body'…
classification of a measurement of a unit into divisions of 1…
Page 593
Undernutrition
failing health that results from a long-standing dietary inta…
Overnutrition
a state in which nutritional intake greatly exceeds the body'…
19 terms
Nutrition - Chapter 15
Key Concepts of World Hunger
Poverty
Famine
Hunger
- world produces enough food to feed every living person... - po…
Inability to meet one's economic needs (absolute v. relative)
widespread malnutrition or starvation in an area due to food…
Chronic daily event directly caused by lack of food.
Key Concepts of World Hunger
- world produces enough food to feed every living person... - po…
Poverty
Inability to meet one's economic needs (absolute v. relative)
55 terms
Nutrition Chapter 15
Food-bourne Illness
Toxin
Viruses
Bacteria
An illness transmitted by food or water contaminated by a pat…
Any harmful substance; in microbiology, a chemical produced b…
A group of infectious agents that are much smaller than bacte…
Microorganisms that lack a true nucleus and reproduce by divi…
Food-bourne Illness
An illness transmitted by food or water contaminated by a pat…
Toxin
Any harmful substance; in microbiology, a chemical produced b…
Nutrition - Chapter 15
T/F: Although it is true that energy n…
T/F: Dietary quality and obesity are t…
T/F: Hypogeusia (loss of taste) often…
Each of the following dental condition…
True
True
True
All of the above (loss of teeth, edentulous status, conventio…
T/F: Although it is true that energy n…
True
T/F: Dietary quality and obesity are t…
True
9 terms
Nutrition chapter 15
Age related macular degeneration
Atrophic gastritis
Genomics
Homeostatic mechanism
Deterioration in the central area of the retina ( back of the…
Chronic stomach inflammation with atrophy of the mucous membr…
Scientific discipline of mapping, sequencing, and analyzing t…
Body's ability to correct nutritional imbalances, for instanc…
Age related macular degeneration
Deterioration in the central area of the retina ( back of the…
Atrophic gastritis
Chronic stomach inflammation with atrophy of the mucous membr…
Nutrition Chapter 15
As consumers we can purchase foods tha…
All of the following species of fish a…
A family in the Sudan has had 12 child…
To minimize the energy a refrigerator…
purchasing range-fed beef, looking for locally grown produce…
swordfish
having many children will ensure some survive to adulthood
clean the coils regularly, set the freezer at 0 degrees F; b…
As consumers we can purchase foods tha…
purchasing range-fed beef, looking for locally grown produce…
All of the following species of fish a…
swordfish
18 terms
Chapter 15 Nutrition Key Terms
Anemia
Calorie
Carbohydrate
Cubic Centimeter
A blood disorder characterized by a lack of oxygen- carrying…
The measurement of the energy stored in food and also the ene…
A type of nutrient made up of starches and sugars that is use…
Unit of measurement in the metric system equal to one millili…
Anemia
A blood disorder characterized by a lack of oxygen- carrying…
Calorie
The measurement of the energy stored in food and also the ene…
Nutrition Chapter 15
What is the most potential single indi…
Know if overweight pregnant women shou…
How are the months of pregnancy divided
What is the weight gain range for norm…
Birth weight
Health care providers advise against losing weight and advoca…
-First 3 months: 1st trimester... -Second 3 months: 2nd trimeste…
25-35 pounds
What is the most potential single indi…
Birth weight
Know if overweight pregnant women shou…
Health care providers advise against losing weight and advoca…
7 terms
Nutrition Chapter 15
food security
food insecurity
causes of food poverty
consequences of food poverty
Having enough food when you need it!... Having access to food... Su…
Not having enough food when you need it (food desert)... Not eno…
Political unrest... War... Social factors... Food not distributed... Natu…
People are food insecure... More likely to be malnourished.... Unhe…
food security
Having enough food when you need it!... Having access to food... Su…
food insecurity
Not having enough food when you need it (food desert)... Not eno…
30 terms
Nutrition Chapter 15
toddlers
toddlers energy
milk
micronutrients
-children aged 1-3 ... -rapid growth begins to slow ... -gain 5.5.…
-30-40% of total kcal from fat... -1.10 g of protein per kg body…
* -whole cow's milk should not be given until child reaches 1…
-as toddles grow, micronutrient needs increase ... -micronutrien…
toddlers
-children aged 1-3 ... -rapid growth begins to slow ... -gain 5.5.…
toddlers energy
-30-40% of total kcal from fat... -1.10 g of protein per kg body…
70 terms
Chapter 15: Digestion & Nutrition
aliment-
chym-
decidu-
gastr-
food
juice
falling off
stomach
aliment-
food
chym-
juice
21 terms
Nutrition Chapter 15
Food desert
Food recovery
Food banks
Food pantries
urban and rural low income neighborhoods and communities that…
collecting wholesome surplus food for distribution to low inc…
facilities that collect and distribute food donations to auth…
community food collection programs that provide groceries to…
Food desert
urban and rural low income neighborhoods and communities that…
Food recovery
collecting wholesome surplus food for distribution to low inc…
10 terms
Chapter 15 Nutrition
Infant energy intake
Nutrient intake for infants
Colostrum
Nursing bottle decay
Newborn: 450 kcal per day.... Infants: 100 kcal per kg of body w…
The same or double compared to an adult. Vitamin A, D, E, C,…
Milk like secretion during the first few days of breastfeedin…
Carbohydrate rich fluid bathes the teeth which starts tooth d…
Infant energy intake
Newborn: 450 kcal per day.... Infants: 100 kcal per kg of body w…
Nutrient intake for infants
The same or double compared to an adult. Vitamin A, D, E, C,…
Nutrition Chapter 15
kwashiorkor
marasmus
famine
oral rehydration therapy (ORT)
severe malnutrition characterized by failure to grow and deve…
severe malnutrition characterized by poor growth, dramatic we…
widespread and extreme scarcity of food that causes starvatio…
oral fluid replacement for children with severe diarrhea caus…
kwashiorkor
severe malnutrition characterized by failure to grow and deve…
marasmus
severe malnutrition characterized by poor growth, dramatic we…
6 terms
Chapter 15 Nutrition terms
Appetite
Hunger
Set Point Theory
Satiation
The desire to eat food whether or not there is hunger; a tast…
A strong sensation indicating a physiological need for food.
states each individual has a genetically established body wei…
The state of being satisfactorily full during a meal, which i…
Appetite
The desire to eat food whether or not there is hunger; a tast…
Hunger
A strong sensation indicating a physiological need for food.
Chapter 15 - Digestion and Nutrition
Alimentary canal
Amylase
Bile
Chyme
Digestive tube that extends from the mouth to the anus.
An enzyme in saliva which breaks food down by chemical means.
Chemical substance produced by the liver and stored in the ga…
Partially digested, semi-liquid mixture that passes from the…
Alimentary canal
Digestive tube that extends from the mouth to the anus.
Amylase
An enzyme in saliva which breaks food down by chemical means.
26 terms
Chapter 15 - Digestion and Nutrition
Alimentary canal
Amylase
Bile
Chyme
Digestive tube that extends from the mouth to the anus.
An enzyme in saliva which breaks food down by chemical means.
Chemical substance produced by the liver and stored in the ga…
Partially digested, semi-liquid mixture that passes from the…
Alimentary canal
Digestive tube that extends from the mouth to the anus.
Amylase
An enzyme in saliva which breaks food down by chemical means.
28 terms
Chapter 15 Digestion and Nutrition
Digestion
Alimentary Canal
Mucosa
Submucosa
the breakdown of large insoluble food molecules into small wa…
also called digestive tract, pathway by which food enters the…
a mucous membrane.... "the intestinal mucosa"
The layer of connective tissue directly under the mucosa of a…
Digestion
the breakdown of large insoluble food molecules into small wa…
Alimentary Canal
also called digestive tract, pathway by which food enters the…
Chapter 15: Digestion and Nutrition
mechanical/chemical
digestion
alimentary canal
ventral
digestion refers to the _____________ and ____________ breakd…
digestive system carries out the process of ____________
the ________________ ________ is a muscular tube about 9 mete…
the alimentary canal passes through the __________ cavity
mechanical/chemical
digestion refers to the _____________ and ____________ breakd…
digestion
digestive system carries out the process of ____________
26 terms
Chapter 15. Digestion and Nutrition
Alimentary Canal
Amylase
Bile
Chyme
Tubular portion of the digestive tract that leads from the mo…
An enzyme that hydrolysis starch
Fluid secreted by liver and stored in gallbladder
Semi fluid mass of partially digested food that passes from t…
Alimentary Canal
Tubular portion of the digestive tract that leads from the mo…
Amylase
An enzyme that hydrolysis starch
26 terms
Chapter 15 Digestion and Nutrition
Alimentary canal
Amylase
Bile
Chyme
Tubular portion of the digestive tract that leads from the mo…
An enzyme that hydrolyzes starch
Fluid secreted by liver and stored in gallbladder
Semifluid mass of partially digested food that passes from th…
Alimentary canal
Tubular portion of the digestive tract that leads from the mo…
Amylase
An enzyme that hydrolyzes starch
Nutrition Chapter 15
What is the primary cause of hunger
What happens to birthrate when poverty…
What are the best choices for packages…
Which trends are taking place in the U…
Poverty
decrease
reusable cloth bags & bulk items with minimal packaging
Hunger, poverty, and population growth ... Loss of food-producin…
What is the primary cause of hunger
Poverty
What happens to birthrate when poverty…
decrease
13 terms
Nutrition Chapter 15
obesity
overweight
leptin
hunger
excess amount of body fat that adversely affects health
a moderate amount of excess body fat or an excess amount of b…
a hormone produced by adipose tissue that plays a role in bod…
the biological impulse that drives us to seek out and consume…
obesity
excess amount of body fat that adversely affects health
overweight
a moderate amount of excess body fat or an excess amount of b…
25 terms
Chapter 15- digestion and nutrition
Alimentary canal
Amylase
Bile
Chyme
Includes the mouth pharynx esophagus stomach small intestine…
A digestive enzyme, splits starch & glycogen molecules into d…
Is a yellowish green liquid continuously selected from hepati…
Semi fluid paste of feed particles & gastric juice
Alimentary canal
Includes the mouth pharynx esophagus stomach small intestine…
Amylase
A digestive enzyme, splits starch & glycogen molecules into d…
Chapter 15- digestion and nutrition
Alimentary canal
Amylase
Bile
Chyme
Includes the mouth pharynx esophagus stomach small intestine…
A digestive enzyme, splits starch & glycogen molecules into d…
Is a yellowish green liquid continuously selected from hepati…
Semi fluid paste of feed particles & gastric juice
Alimentary canal
Includes the mouth pharynx esophagus stomach small intestine…
Amylase
A digestive enzyme, splits starch & glycogen molecules into d…
26 terms
Chapter 15 Digestion and Nutrition
Alimentary canal
Amylase
Bile
Chyme
Tubular portion of the digestive tract that leads from the mo…
An enzyme that hydrolyzes starch
Fluid secreted by liver and stored in gallbladder
Semifluid mass of partially digested food that passes from th…
Alimentary canal
Tubular portion of the digestive tract that leads from the mo…
Amylase
An enzyme that hydrolyzes starch
Nutrition - Chapter 15
Define high food security, food insecu…
In the U.S. and developing countries,…
Describe the poverty-obesity paradox.
For every 7 Americans, how many receiv…
High food security - households getting adequate food... Food in…
Lack of money
Poverty can go through three route:... (1) Hunger > Inadequate i…
1 in every 7 Americans receives food assistance of some kind.…
Define high food security, food insecu…
High food security - households getting adequate food... Food in…
In the U.S. and developing countries,…
Lack of money
15 terms
Nutrition chapter 15
What are the 2 major reasons for the i…
Reversing this trend requires changes in
Research has indicated that health beh…
How does television affect nutritional…
decreases in activity and increases in energy intake
the way children play and eat
their parents
- it introduces children to foods they might otherwise not be…
What are the 2 major reasons for the i…
decreases in activity and increases in energy intake
Reversing this trend requires changes in
the way children play and eat
77 terms
Nutrition Chapter 15
Definition: crystal structure that giv…
Definition: outer dense shell of bone
Definition: adds strength to bone with…
what are the two main minerals in bone?
Hydroxyapatite
cortical bone
trabecular bone
Ca2+ and P
Definition: crystal structure that giv…
Hydroxyapatite
Definition: outer dense shell of bone
cortical bone
6 terms
Chapter 15 Digestion and Nutrition
Digestion
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Digestive system consists of
is the mechanical and chemical breakdown of food and the abso…
Breaks large pieces into smaller ones without altering their…
breaks food into simpler chemicals
the alimentary canal and several accessory organs
Digestion
is the mechanical and chemical breakdown of food and the abso…
Mechanical digestion
Breaks large pieces into smaller ones without altering their…
Chapter 15 Nutrition
Toddlers
2x
Iron Deficiency
Older Adults: 65+
________ (age demographic) should avoid excess fiber and limi…
How much more Iron do Woman need than Men
What is the most common deficiency in children worldwide
decrease in muscle, increase in fat, decrease in bone density…
Toddlers
________ (age demographic) should avoid excess fiber and limi…
2x
How much more Iron do Woman need than Men
Nutrition chapter 15
Overweight
Obesity
4 factors that are considered when des…
Necessity of minimum body fat
A body weight that is above a population weight for height st…
Refers to a degree of fatness; the relatively excess amount o…
Muscle mass... Body fat... Water... Bones
Essential for survival ... Fat is used for insulation, temperatu…
Overweight
A body weight that is above a population weight for height st…
Obesity
Refers to a degree of fatness; the relatively excess amount o…
61 terms
Chapter 15: Digestion and Nutrition
Digestion
Alimentary canal
Mucosa
Submucosa
The mechanical and chemical breakdown of foods into forms tha…
The canal that makes up the main part of the digestive system…
The inner lay of the alimentary canal that protects the tissu…
The 2nd layer of the alimentary canal that has glands, blood…
Digestion
The mechanical and chemical breakdown of foods into forms tha…
Alimentary canal
The canal that makes up the main part of the digestive system…
13 terms
Nutrition Chapter 15
What is food security?
Where do the highest obesity rates occ…
Causes of food poverty in the US
World-wide causes of hunger
-supply of nutritionally adequate and safe food... -reasonable s…
those with low incomes and food insecurity
-lack of money for necessities... -Made worse by:... --alcohol and…
-political and social factors (corrupt govs)... -loss of food-pr…
What is food security?
-supply of nutritionally adequate and safe food... -reasonable s…
Where do the highest obesity rates occ…
those with low incomes and food insecurity
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