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Study sets matching "nutrition chapter 16"

18 terms
Nutrition and You Chapter 16
toddlers
preschoolers
picky eating
food jags
children aged 1 to 3 years old
children aged 3 to 5 years old
unwillingness to eat unfamiliar foods
when a child will only eat the same food meal after meal
toddlers
children aged 1 to 3 years old
preschoolers
children aged 3 to 5 years old
49 terms
Chapter 16 - nutrition
Amino acids
___ are organic and inorganic chemical…
What supplies the body with energy
My plate
Compounds in proteins used by the body to build and repair ti…
Nutrients
Nutrients
The current nutritional guide
Amino acids
Compounds in proteins used by the body to build and repair ti…
___ are organic and inorganic chemical…
Nutrients
13 terms
Nutrition chapter 16
aging
reserve capacity
kidney nephrons
glycosylation
time-dependent physiological changes in body structure and fu…
the extent to which an organ can preserve essentially normal…
units of kidney cells that filter wastes from the bloodstream…
process by which glucose attaches to(glycates) other compound…
aging
time-dependent physiological changes in body structure and fu…
reserve capacity
the extent to which an organ can preserve essentially normal…
77 terms
Nutrition Chapter 16
Which of the following is a basic comp…
All of the following are benefits asso…
V02 max is defined as... A) the amount of…
The general guideline for rest periods…
All of the above
Increased insulin resistance
Maximum oxygen consumption by a person per kilogram of weight…
48 hours
Which of the following is a basic comp…
All of the above
All of the following are benefits asso…
Increased insulin resistance
45 terms
Nutrition Chapter 16
Primary source of protein in most infa…
Key nutrient of concern for adolescent…
Limiting _____ is important for the pr…
Foods high in _____ should be emphasiz…
cow's milk
calcium
saturated fat
iron
Primary source of protein in most infa…
cow's milk
Key nutrient of concern for adolescent…
calcium
39 terms
Nutrition and Fitness chapter 16 nutrition
Physical Fitness
Physical Activity
Exercise
Muscular strength
the ability to perform physical activities requiring cardiore…
Voluntary movement that results in energy expenditure.
any type of structured or planned physical activity.
the greatest amount of force exerted by the muscle at one time.
Physical Fitness
the ability to perform physical activities requiring cardiore…
Physical Activity
Voluntary movement that results in energy expenditure.
Chapter 16 - Nutrition and Fitness
5 Components of Physical Activity
FITT Principle
FITT for Cardiorespiratory Fitness
FITT for Muscular Fitness
•Cadriorespiratory Endurance... •Muscular Strength... •Muscular End…
Frequency, Intensity, Time, Type
Frequency: 3-5 days per week... Intensity: 64-95% of max heart r…
F: 2-3 days per week... I: 60-80% of 1 Rep Max... T: 8-10 different…
5 Components of Physical Activity
•Cadriorespiratory Endurance... •Muscular Strength... •Muscular End…
FITT Principle
Frequency, Intensity, Time, Type
39 terms
Chapter 16- Nutrition
concerns of obesity on the individual
identifying obesity measures
obesity body fat
men: optimal fat
economical... social... medical... physical
percent of body fat... body mass index (BMI)... waist circumferen…
30-33%
15-19%
concerns of obesity on the individual
economical... social... medical... physical
identifying obesity measures
percent of body fat... body mass index (BMI)... waist circumferen…
22 terms
Nutrition Chapter 16
Chelation Therapy
Colonics
Cortisol
Detoxification
Use of specific chemicals to bond and eliminate heavy metals…
A method to cleanse the lower intestines is based on the assu…
...
The biochemical process that transforms non-water-soluble tox…
Chelation Therapy
Use of specific chemicals to bond and eliminate heavy metals…
Colonics
A method to cleanse the lower intestines is based on the assu…
14 terms
Nutrition Chapter 16
85%
15%
Underweight
Normal Weight
How much percent of people who lose weight will regain it bac…
How much percent of those who lose weight are successful over…
<18.5 BMI
18.5 to 24.9 BMI
85%
How much percent of people who lose weight will regain it bac…
15%
How much percent of those who lose weight are successful over…
18 terms
Nutrition Chapter 16 Vocab
Food secure
Food insecure
Hunger
Developed country
access at all times to enough food for an active, healthy lif…
inadequate resources to get adequate amounts of nutritious food
is an individual-level physiological condition that may... resul…
a nation advanced in industrial capability, technological... sop…
Food secure
access at all times to enough food for an active, healthy lif…
Food insecure
inadequate resources to get adequate amounts of nutritious food
49 terms
Nutrition Chapter 16
Growth of the US Population of Older A…
Aging
Reserve capacity
Kidney nephrons
Page 636
time-dependent physical & physiological changes in body struc…
the extent to which an organ can preserve essentially normal…
units of kidney cells that filter wastes from the bloodstream…
Growth of the US Population of Older A…
Page 636
Aging
time-dependent physical & physiological changes in body struc…
87 terms
Chapter 16; Nutrition and Wellness
Anabolism
Basal Metabolic Rate
Body Mass Index
Calories
be constructive phase of metabolism, when smaller molecules a…
the amount of energy used in a unit of time to maintain vital…
a measurement of an individual's ratio of fat to lean body ma…
a unit of heat content or energy, the amount of heat necessar…
Anabolism
be constructive phase of metabolism, when smaller molecules a…
Basal Metabolic Rate
the amount of energy used in a unit of time to maintain vital…
58 terms
Human Nutrition Chapter 16: Nutrition in Adulthood
What causes aging
organs retain reserve capacity
usual aging
successful aging
process of slow cell death - cells age and is, after age 30 c…
maintain normal function with decreased cell number or activi…
typical, expected part of aging... increasing fatness, decrea…
declines that occur only because we grow older and not becaus…
What causes aging
process of slow cell death - cells age and is, after age 30 c…
organs retain reserve capacity
maintain normal function with decreased cell number or activi…
26 terms
Nutrition Chapter 16
physical fitness
physical activity
exercise
resistance activities
the ability to perform moderate to vigorous activity without…
any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that causes…
intentional physical exertion
activities performed against an opposing force that increase…
physical fitness
the ability to perform moderate to vigorous activity without…
physical activity
any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that causes…
13 terms
Nutrition chapter 16
Teratogen
Why is adequate nutrition critical to…
Gestation
Zygote
any substance that can cause a birth defect
...
The period of intrauterine development from conception to birth
a fertilized egg consisting of a single cell
Teratogen
any substance that can cause a birth defect
Why is adequate nutrition critical to…
...
20 terms
Chapter 16 Nutrition
School lunches are designed to provide…
On average, about _____ of a teenager'…
Infants should be introduced to solid…
Food allergies and high sugar intakes…
1/3
1/4
4-6
false
School lunches are designed to provide…
1/3
On average, about _____ of a teenager'…
1/4
10 terms
Chapter 16 Nutrition and Metabolism
anabolism
catabolism
glycolysis
citric acid cycle
cells making complex molecules from simpler compounds and is…
break down of food from compounds or cytoplasm into simpler c…
first series of chemical reactions in glucose metabolism
second series of chemical reactions in the process of glucose…
anabolism
cells making complex molecules from simpler compounds and is…
catabolism
break down of food from compounds or cytoplasm into simpler c…
32 terms
Nutrition Chapter 16
What is VO2Max?
What is the FITT principle?
What is the progressive overload princ…
What type of body fuel would you use f…
Measures cardiorespiratory fitness
1. Frequency: how often it is performed (times per week)... 2. I…
Challenging the body to do increasingly difficult tasks to im…
Anaerobic respiration and creatine phosphate... - Exercise slows…
What is VO2Max?
Measures cardiorespiratory fitness
What is the FITT principle?
1. Frequency: how often it is performed (times per week)... 2. I…
11 terms
Chapter 16-Nutrition in the Elderly
Lifespan
Life Expectancy
Chronic diseases
Cause: The rate and manner in which in…
a. Refers to the maximum number of years of a... human life... b. H…
a. Average time a person can expect to live has... increased ove…
1) 85% of elderly have chronic disease related... to nutrition... a…
1) Genetic factors (hair loss, greying of hair)... 2) Environmen…
Lifespan
a. Refers to the maximum number of years of a... human life... b. H…
Life Expectancy
a. Average time a person can expect to live has... increased ove…
23 terms
Chapter 16 Nutrition and fitness
Catabolism
Anabolism
Anaerobic
Aerobic
Reactions that break down compounds into small units
Reactions that build complex molecules from smaller ones
Breakdown glucose... Do not require oxygen
Breakdown glucose, fat, and protein... Require oxygen
Catabolism
Reactions that break down compounds into small units
Anabolism
Reactions that build complex molecules from smaller ones
19 terms
CHAPTER 16 NUTRITION
Chlorophyll
Cruciferous vegetables
Enzymatic browning
Mature fruits
The chemical compound that plants use to turn the sun's energ…
vegetables in the cabbage family
Discoloring of fruits which results when the fruit is exposed…
Fruits that have reached their full size and color
Chlorophyll
The chemical compound that plants use to turn the sun's energ…
Cruciferous vegetables
vegetables in the cabbage family
41 terms
Nutrition- Chapter 16
Who has a longer life expectancy, wome…
What is compression of morbidity ?
What is the average length of having a…
What causes aging ?
Women 82.1 ... Men 77.2
Compress the time between the onset of chronic illness or dis…
10 years
As organisms become older, the number of cells they contain d…
Who has a longer life expectancy, wome…
Women 82.1 ... Men 77.2
What is compression of morbidity ?
Compress the time between the onset of chronic illness or dis…
32 terms
Chapter 16 Nutrition
350
450
Cells
28-40
how many extra calories does a pregnant women need in the sec…
how many extra calories does a pregnant women need in the thi…
protein, essential fatty acids, zinc, folate, vitamin B12, an…
If a women is underweight, how many pounds should she gain wh…
350
how many extra calories does a pregnant women need in the sec…
450
how many extra calories does a pregnant women need in the thi…
34 terms
Chapter 16 Nutrition and fitness
Short term benefit of physical activity
long term benefit of physical activity
Ability to perform moderate to vigorou…
American College of Sports Medicine (A…
Helps people lose body fat... Builds muscle mass... Helps people be…
Maintains healthy body weight... Reduces the risk of heart disea…
Physical fitness
Resistance ... Cardiorespiratory... Neuromotor ... Flexibility
Short term benefit of physical activity
Helps people lose body fat... Builds muscle mass... Helps people be…
long term benefit of physical activity
Maintains healthy body weight... Reduces the risk of heart disea…
10 terms
Chapter 16 Nutrition
nutrition security
poverty
malnutrition
undernutrition
-secure access to a nutritious diet coupled with a sanitary e…
-primary cause of malnutrition throughout the world... -generati…
-failing health that results from longstanding dietary practi…
-failing health that results from a longstanding dietary inta…
nutrition security
-secure access to a nutritious diet coupled with a sanitary e…
poverty
-primary cause of malnutrition throughout the world... -generati…
52 terms
Chapter 16 Human Nutrition
conception
gestation
trimester
Zygote
uniting of an egg and sperm to create a fertilized zyote
period of intrauterine development from conception to birth
stage of pregnancy lasting 13-14 weeks
fertilized egg consisting of a single cell
conception
uniting of an egg and sperm to create a fertilized zyote
gestation
period of intrauterine development from conception to birth
36 terms
Chapter 16 nutrition- Wardlaw's Perspectives in Nutrition
Goals for a healthy pregnancy
preterm
LBW (low birth weight)
SGA (small for gestational age)
-full term gestational period: 39-40 weeks... -infant weight mor…
*born before 37 weeks... -increased risk for medical problems... -c…
*weighing less than 5.5 lbs.... -can be caused by growth retarda…
*full term baby weighing less than 5.5 lbs. at birth... -infant…
Goals for a healthy pregnancy
-full term gestational period: 39-40 weeks... -infant weight mor…
preterm
*born before 37 weeks... -increased risk for medical problems... -c…
42 terms
MDA Chapter 16 Nutrition
amino acids
anorexia nervosa
bulimia
nutrients
compounds in proteins used by the body to build and repair ti…
an eating disorder that is caused by an altered self-image
an eating disorder characterized by binge eating and self-ind…
organic and inorganic chemicals in food that supply energy
amino acids
compounds in proteins used by the body to build and repair ti…
anorexia nervosa
an eating disorder that is caused by an altered self-image
Nutrition 304 Chapter 16-17 Adult Nutrition
Early Adulthood
Midlife
Sandwich Generation
Later Adulthood
20-39... - Planning, buying and preparing foods... - Develop new sk…
40-64... - Highly active family responsibilities affecting nutri…
50's... - Multigenerational caregivers... - Children and elderly pa…
65+... - Transition into retirement... - Look at nutrition again... -…
Early Adulthood
20-39... - Planning, buying and preparing foods... - Develop new sk…
Midlife
40-64... - Highly active family responsibilities affecting nutri…
199 terms
Chapter 16: Nutrition and the Digestive System
Absorption
Alimentary canal
Defecation
Digestion
the passage of digested food from the digestive tract into th…
the name given to the digestive tube that runs from the mouth…
the elimination from the body of those substances that are in…
the breakdown of food by both mechanical and chemical mechani…
Absorption
the passage of digested food from the digestive tract into th…
Alimentary canal
the name given to the digestive tube that runs from the mouth…
9 terms
Chapter 16, Nutrition
Amino Acids
Anorexia nervosa
Bulimia
cariogenic
compounds in proteins used by the body to build and repair ti…
eating disorder caused by altered self-image
eating disorder characterized by binge eating and self induce…
producing or promoting tooth decay
Amino Acids
compounds in proteins used by the body to build and repair ti…
Anorexia nervosa
eating disorder caused by altered self-image
12 terms
Chapter 16: Nutrition
recommended dietary allowances (RDAs)
carbohydrates
cariogenic foods
proteins
the levels of essential nutrients needed by individuals on a…
simple sugars- sugar... complex carbohydrates- noodles, pasta... di…
decay-causing, any food that contains sugars or other carbohy…
composed of amino acids, 20 amino acids (8 are essential), th…
recommended dietary allowances (RDAs)
the levels of essential nutrients needed by individuals on a…
carbohydrates
simple sugars- sugar... complex carbohydrates- noodles, pasta... di…
44 terms
Nutrition Chapter 16: Adult Nutrition
Definition of Early Adulthood
Definition of midlife
definition of adulthood
Definition of Later adulthood
- ages 20-39 years... - involve becoming independent and leaving…
- ages 40 to 64 years... - period of active family responsibilit…
- sandwhich generation - the 50s... - many are multigenerational…
- age 65+... - transition to retirement ... - more leisure time... - g…
Definition of Early Adulthood
- ages 20-39 years... - involve becoming independent and leaving…
Definition of midlife
- ages 40 to 64 years... - period of active family responsibilit…
25 terms
Nutrition - Chapter 16 - Ameritech
Leptin
Ghrelin
Fat Cell Therapy
Set Point Theory
An appetitie - suppressing hormone involved in maintenance of…
A hormone from the stomach that signals the brain its time to…
A belief that fat cells have a natural drive to regain any we…
A belief that individuals have a natural weight (set point) a…
Leptin
An appetitie - suppressing hormone involved in maintenance of…
Ghrelin
A hormone from the stomach that signals the brain its time to…
23 terms
chapter 16 nutrition
Life expectancy in the united states i…
A person's ____ ____ reflects his or h…
older people tend to lose ___ and ____…
these changes (dealing with bone loss…
all of these record highs are much higher than the average li…
physiological age... &... chronological age
bone, muscle, body fat
appetite and metabolism and age
Life expectancy in the united states i…
all of these record highs are much higher than the average li…
A person's ____ ____ reflects his or h…
physiological age... &... chronological age
Nutrition : Chapter 16
Catabolism
Homeostasis
Refeeding syndrome
Gastoparesis
breaking down
Equilibrium
Patient is introduced to proper nutrition after starving or h…
obstruction to the GI tract... .slows or stops food from stomach…
Catabolism
breaking down
Homeostasis
Equilibrium
Chapter 16: Nutrition
Nutrition
The Digestive System
Essential Nutrients
Kilocalories
The science of food and how the body uses it in health and di…
Composed of numerous structures and organs that work together
Proteins, Fats, Carbohydrates, Vitamins, Minerals, Water
Heat required to raise the temperature of 1kg of water to 1°C
Nutrition
The science of food and how the body uses it in health and di…
The Digestive System
Composed of numerous structures and organs that work together
Nutrition Chapter 16
Infant Weight Characteristics
Infant
Infant Macronutrient Needs
Infant Micronutrient Needs
-children are supposed to gain weight; weight loss is an indi…
0-1 year of age
-carbohydrates for brain development... -fat for rapid growth ... -…
vitamins... -B12, K, and D (especially for breast fed infants)... m…
Infant Weight Characteristics
-children are supposed to gain weight; weight loss is an indi…
Infant
0-1 year of age
36 terms
Chapter 16-Nutrition
Gestation
Full term
Average American gestation period
Pre-term
Intrauterine development from conception to birth
37 weeks
40 weeks
gestation period less than 37 weeks
Gestation
Intrauterine development from conception to birth
Full term
37 weeks
28 terms
Nutrition Chapter 16
Infancy weight doubles the first 5 mon…
Length of exclusive breastfeeding is
Introduction of solid food at
Major fat in breast milk
grow 20-25Ibs
6 month
4 to 6 month
55% of fat... 6% of protein... 39% of carbohydrate
Infancy weight doubles the first 5 mon…
grow 20-25Ibs
Length of exclusive breastfeeding is
6 month
23 terms
nutrition chapter16
Six lifestyle habits seem to have a pr…
physiological age
chronological age
cataracts
Sleeping regularly and adequately.... Eating regular meals, incl…
person's age as estimated from her or his body's health and p…
a person's age in years from his or
thickenings of the eye lenses that impair vision and can lead…
Six lifestyle habits seem to have a pr…
Sleeping regularly and adequately.... Eating regular meals, incl…
physiological age
person's age as estimated from her or his body's health and p…
9 terms
Chapter 16 nutrition
Amino acids
Anorexia nervosa
Bulimia
Cariogenic
Compounds in proteins used by the body to build and repair ti…
Eating disorder caused by an altered
Eating disorder characterized by binge eating and self-induce…
Producing or promoting tooth decay
Amino acids
Compounds in proteins used by the body to build and repair ti…
Anorexia nervosa
Eating disorder caused by an altered
56 terms
nutrition chapter 16
early adulthood
midlife
sandwich generation
later adulthood
ages 20-39 yrs... Involve becoming independent & leaving the par…
ages 40 to 64 yrs... Period of active family responsibilities... Ma…
the 50's... Many are multigenerational caregivers... Juggle roles o…
age 65+... Transition to retirement... More leisure time - greater…
early adulthood
ages 20-39 yrs... Involve becoming independent & leaving the par…
midlife
ages 40 to 64 yrs... Period of active family responsibilities... Ma…
21 terms
Nutrition Chapter 16
Aging
Reserve Capacity
Kidney Nephrons
Glycosylation
Time-dependent physical and physiological changes in the body…
The extent to which an organ can preserve essentially normal…
The units of kidney cells that filter wastes from the bloodst…
The process by which glucose attaches to (glycates) other com…
Aging
Time-dependent physical and physiological changes in the body…
Reserve Capacity
The extent to which an organ can preserve essentially normal…
45 terms
Chapter 16 Nutrition
Enteral nutrition
Parenteral nutrition
Enteral nutrition
Standard
__________________: provision of nutrients using GI tract, in…
______________: intravenous provision of nutrients, bypassing…
This nutrition is preferred over intravenous feedings and req…
___________________formula: for patients who can digest & abs…
Enteral nutrition
__________________: provision of nutrients using GI tract, in…
Parenteral nutrition
______________: intravenous provision of nutrients, bypassing…
41 terms
chapter 16: adult nutrition
DG sodium
AHA sodium
sodium for high bp
saturated fat
2300 mg
2400 mg
1500
less than 7% (AHA)
DG sodium
2300 mg
AHA sodium
2400 mg
10 terms
Nutrition Chapter 16
Breast-feeding is a learned skill and…
Placenta
The Institute of medicine, registered…
Death
What is true about breast-feeding
The_______ is in Oregon that forms in the uterus during pregn…
What is a good source of information that pregnant women can…
The social indicator that differs most between the developing…
Breast-feeding is a learned skill and…
What is true about breast-feeding
Placenta
The_______ is in Oregon that forms in the uterus during pregn…
Nutrition Chapter 16
Placenta
First Trimester
Preterm
350-450 Kcals
oxygen and nutrients are transferred from the mother's blood…
growth begins;
before 37 week gestation (premature)
Energy needs how many Kcal during the second and third trimes…
Placenta
oxygen and nutrients are transferred from the mother's blood…
First Trimester
growth begins;
19 terms
Nutrition Chapter 16
Food Secure
Food Insecurity
Hunger
Starvation
a household that has access at all times to enough food for a…
The inability to satisfy basic food needs due to lack of fina…
Physical discomfort that results from the lack of food associ…
Prolonged hunger, a state in which the body breaks down tissu…
Food Secure
a household that has access at all times to enough food for a…
Food Insecurity
The inability to satisfy basic food needs due to lack of fina…
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